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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318415/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-therapeutic-alliances
#1
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
This study examined the impact, on therapeutic alliances, made by client motivation to change, insight, mistrust, and other factors; as well as therapist's clinical experience. This secondary data analysis used a sample of 212 client respondents extracted from the Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program's data set. Results of generalized least squares random-effects modeling showed a significant impact exerted by client social-adjustment difficulties, insight, alcohol use, and gender; and client-therapist matching gender...
January 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309198/mindfulness-increases-prosocial-responses-toward-ostracized-strangers-through-empathic-concern
#2
Daniel R Berry, Athena H Cairo, Robert J Goodman, Jordan T Quaglia, Jeffrey D Green, Kirk Warren Brown
Four studies tested the proposition that mindfulness and its training fostered prosociality toward ostracized strangers. In discovery Study 1, dispositional mindfulness predicted greater empathic concern for, and more helping behavior toward, an ostracized stranger. Using an experimental design, Study 2 revealed that very briefly instructed mindfulness, relative to active control instructions, also promoted prosocial responsiveness to an ostracized stranger. Study 3 ruled out alternative explanations for this effect of mindfulness, showing that it did not promote empathic anger or perpetrator punishment, nor that the control training reduced prosocial responsiveness toward an ostracized stranger rather than mindfulness increasing it...
January 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307695/cortisol-stress-resonance-in-the-laboratory-is-associated-with-inter-couple-diurnal-cortisol-covariation-in-daily-life
#3
Veronika Engert, Amy M Ragsdale, Tania Singer
In laboratory environments individuals may display empathic cortisol stress responses merely from observing another experience psychosocial stress. Moreover, within couples, women synchronize their own to their partners' cortisol release. We investigated whether a woman's tendency to experience such cortisol stress resonance in a controlled laboratory task is associated with the degree to which her and her partner's diurnal cortisol levels covary in a naturalistic environment. Such habitual cortisol covariation may be a pathway via which close relationships influence health outcomes...
January 4, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294731/therapeutic-change-in-group-therapy-for-interpersonal-trauma-a-relational-framework-for-research-and-clinical-practice
#4
Zoë Chouliara, Thanos Karatzias, Angela Gullone, Sandra Ferguson, Katie Cosgrove, Claire Burke Draucker
Our understanding of therapeutic change processes in group therapy for complex interpersonal trauma has been limited. The present study aimed at addressing this gap by developing a framework of therapeutic change in this field from a survivor and therapist perspective. This is a qualitative study, which utilized semistructured individual interviews. Transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to identify recurrent themes. A final sample of n = 16 patients and n = 5 facilitators completed the interview...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294699/listening-to-the-therapeutic-needs-of-male-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#5
Charlene Rapsey, Anna Campbell, Ken Clearwater, Tess Patterson
Childhood sexual abuse of males is not uncommon with estimated prevalence rates across countries and different studies indicating that 8% of boys experience sexual abuse before age 18. A number of adverse outcomes are recognized in terms of mental health, behavioral, and relational difficulties. However, research also indicates that there is potential for healing. The present study explores the barriers, benefits, and processes involved in engagement in formal therapy for adult survivors of CSA from the male survivor's point of view...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246258/palliative-care-and-the-arts-vehicles-to-introduce-medical-students-to-patient-centred-decision-making-and-the-art-of-caring
#6
Carlos Centeno, Carole Robinson, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, María Arantzamendi, Fernando Echarri, José Pereira
BACKGROUND: Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper describes the curriculum and evaluation results of a unique course centred on palliative care decision-making but aimed at introducing these other important competencies as well. METHODS: The 20 h-long optional course, presented in an art museum, combined different learning methods, including reflections on art, case studies, didactic sessions, personal experiences of faculty, reflective trigger videos and group discussions...
December 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241964/george-macaulay-a-short-biography-and-his-place-in-the-history-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#7
REVIEW
Paul S Cullis, Carl Davis
George Macaulay (1716-1766) was a Scot admired for his work as an obstetric physician, philanthropist, author, and feminist, but whom history has largely forgotten. In a time rampant with misogyny, Macaulay empathized with women, discouraged sexism within institutions, and contributed to the training of midwives. He spent much of his career working at the British Lying-in Hospital in London. Perhaps most importantly, he worked tirelessly for this hospital, contributed to various medical innovations, and reported several medical cases throughout his career, including that of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, almost a century before the anatomist whose eponymous name it bears...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229968/individual-differences-in-empathy-are-associated-with-apathy-motivation
#8
Patricia L Lockwood, Yuen-Siang Ang, Masud Husain, Molly J Crockett
Empathy - the capacity to understand and resonate with the experiences of other people - is considered an essential aspect of social cognition. However, although empathy is often thought to be automatic, recent theories have argued that there is a key role for motivation in modulating empathic experiences. Here we administered self-report measures of empathy and apathy-motivation to a large sample of healthy people (n = 378) to test whether people who are more empathic are also more motivated. We then sought to replicate our findings in an independent sample (n = 198) that also completed a behavioural task to measure state affective empathy and emotion recognition...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202662/addressing-mental-health-needs-of-refugees
#9
Cécile Rousseau
Throughout history, refugees have alternatively been seen as entitled victims of adversity or as threats or abusers of host countries scarce resources. Within the present globalized context, ambivalent public perceptions of refugees are shattering the protective nature of the post migratory environment in refugee receiving countries. This raises new challenges for refugees' mental health and calls for systemic responses to address both pre-migratory trauma and losses and post migratory adversities. Recent evidence on the effectiveness of mental health treatment for refugees confirms the utility of trauma-focused psychotherapy and the limits of psychopharmacology for stress related disorders in this group...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198275/emotions-are-rising-the-growing-field-of-affect-neuropsychology
#10
Skye McDonald
Thirty years ago, the neuropsychology of emotion started to emerge as a mainstream topic. Careful examination of individual patients showed that emotion, like memory, language, and so on, could be differentially affected by brain disorders, especially in the right hemisphere. Since then, there has been accelerating interest in uncovering the neural architecture of emotion, and the major steps in this process of discovery over the past 3 decades are detailed in this review. In the 1990s, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans provided precise delineation of lesions in the amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex, insula and somatosensory cortex as underpinning emotion disorders...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197501/intuitive-physics-ability-in-systemizers-relies-on-differential-use-of-the-internalizing-system-and-long-term-spatial-representations
#11
Tapani Riekki, Juha Salmi, Annika M Svedholm-Häkkinen, Marjaana Lindeman
According to the Empathizing-Systemizing theory (E-S Theory), individual differences in how people understand the physical world (systemizing) and the social world (empathizing), are two continuums in the general population with several implications, from vocational interests to skills in the social and physical domains. The underlying mechanisms of intuitive physics performance among individuals with a strong systemizing and weak empathizing (systemizers) are, however, unknown. Our results affirm higher intuitive physics skills in healthy adult systemizers (N=36), and further reveal the brain mechanisms that are characteristic for those individuals in carrying out such tasks...
November 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174791/patient-perceived-health-service-needs-in-inflammatory-arthritis-a-systematic-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Julian D Segan, Andrew M Briggs, Louisa Chou, Kathryn L Connelly, Maheeka Seneviwickrama, Kaye Sullivan, Flavia M Cicuttini, Anita E Wluka
BACKGROUND: Care that is patient-centred is more likely to be sustainable and associated with improved health outcomes. This approach to care requires an understanding of patients' health service needs, yet few studies have directly investigated the perceived health service needs of people with inflammatory arthritis. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify the existing literature relating to patient perceived health service needs for inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO was conducted (1990-2016)...
October 31, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172555/visiting-auschwitz-evidence-of-secondary-traumatization-among-high-school-students
#13
Michał Bilewicz, Adrian Dominik Wojcik
Secondary traumatic stress has been intensively studied among survivors' therapists, family members, and trauma researchers. We claim that people who are exposed to reminders of past traumatic experiences when visiting places of memory or museum exhibitions could also develop secondary trauma symptoms. Thus, scholars and practitioners must better understand how such places related to historical traumatization (e.g., Holocaust memorial sites) can affect the psychological well-being of visitors. The main aim of this quantitative longitudinal study was to assess the scale of secondary traumatization among visitors to such places...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159486/program-components-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-foster-and-kinship-care-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, Adam Dickes, John McAloon
Foster children frequently experience early trauma that significantly impacts their neurobiological, psychological and social development. This systematic review examines the comparative effectiveness of foster and kinship care interventions. It examines the components within each intervention, exploring their potential to benefit child and carer well-being, particularly focussing on child behaviour problems, and relational functioning. Systematic searches of electronic databases included PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, the Cochrane Collaborations Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Scopus to identify randomised or quasi-randomised trials of psychosocial foster/kinship care interventions, published between 1990 and 2016...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119685/fundamental-care-and-knowledge-interests-implications-for-nursing-science
#15
José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, Ester Mateo Aguilar, Cayetano Aranda Torres, Pablo Román López, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this discursive paper was to characterize the intra-theoretical interests of knowledge in nursing science as an epistemological framework for fundamental care. BACKGROUND: For Jürgen Habermas, theory does not separate knowledge interests from life. All knowledge, understanding and human research is always interested. Habermas formulated the knowledge interests in empirical-analytical, historical-hermeneutic and critical social sciences; but said nothing about health sciences and nursing science...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108859/-spanish-translation-and-validation-of-the-empathic-30-questionnaire-to-measure-parental-satisfaction-in-intensive-care-units
#16
Francisco Javier Pilar Orive, Jasone Basabe Lozano, Aurora López Zuñiga, Yolanda M López Fernández, Julene Escudero Argaluza, Jos M Latour
INTRODUCTION: Few validated surveys measuring parental satisfaction in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) are available, and none of them in Spanish language. The aim of this study is to translate and validate the questionnaire EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC). This questionnaire measures parental perceptions of paediatric intensive care-related satisfaction items in the Spanish language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out using questionnaires completed by relatives of children (range 0-17 years old) admitted into a tertiary PICU...
November 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083208/a-meta-analysis-of-prosocial-media-on-prosocial-behavior-aggression-and-empathic-concern-a-multidimensional-approach
#17
Sarah M Coyne, Laura M Padilla-Walker, Hailey G Holmgren, Emilie J Davis, Kevin M Collier, Madison K Memmott-Elison, Alan J Hawkins
Studies examining the effects of exposure to prosocial media on positive outcomes are increasing in number and strength. However, existing meta-analyses use a broad definition of prosocial media that does not recognize the multidimensionality of prosocial behavior. The aim of the current study is to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of exposure to prosocial media on prosocial behavior, aggression, and empathic concern while examining multiple moderators that the prosocial behavior literature suggests are important to our understanding of why individuals voluntarily help others (e...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073600/new-insight-into-affectivity-in-schizophrenia-from-the-phenomenology-of-marc-richir
#18
Tudi Gozé, Till Grohmann, Jean Naudin, Michel Cermolacce
BACKGROUND: According to Karl Jaspers, psychopathology requires a comprehensive method, understood as a systematic exploration of the first-person perspective of the patient's experience. At the same time, however, schizophrenia for Jaspers is characterized by its radical incomprehensibility. In addition, Rümke's so-called "praecox feeling" paradoxically combines the incomprehensibility of schizophrenic experience and the evidence of its pathological manifestation in the encounter. AIM: Through a re-examination of the notions of affectivity and interaffective contact we propose a coherent theoretical model to explain the clinician's paradoxical understanding of schizophrenia...
October 27, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070956/the-role-of-secure-attachment-empathic-self-efficacy-and-stress-perception-in-causal-beliefs-related-to-mental-illness-a-cross-cultural-study-italy-versus-israel
#19
Stefania Mannarini, Alisa Reikher, Sharon Shani, Inbal Shani-Zinovich
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that "mental illness etiological beliefs" and attitudes toward mentally ill people are significantly related; it has also been demonstrated that adult attachment style and empathic self-efficacy affect such attitudes. Moreover, community or regional culture has a significant impact on etiology beliefs and attitudes toward the mentally sick. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out this study in Italy and Israel among psychology students to compare two cultures in regards to causal beliefs of mental disorders and the roles that specific variables, such as secure attachment, empathic self-efficacy, and stress, play in etiological beliefs...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048311/impact-of-the-intensive-program-of-emotional-intelligence-ipei-on-work-supervisors
#20
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
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