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Empathic understanding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119685/fundamental-care-and-knowledge-interests-implications-for-nursing-science
#1
José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, Ester Mateo Aguilar, Cayetano Aranda Torres, Pablo Román López, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this discursive paper was to characterize the intra-theoretical interests of knowledge in nursing science as an epistemological framework for fundamental care. BACKGROUND: For Jürgen Habermas, theory does not separate knowledge interests from life. All knowledge, understanding and human research is always interested. Habermas formulated the knowledge interests in empirical-analytical, historical-hermeneutic and critical social sciences; but said nothing about health sciences and nursing science...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108859/-spanish-translation-and-validation-of-the-empathic-30-questionnaire-to-measure-parental-satisfaction-in-intensive-care-units
#2
Francisco Javier Pilar Orive, Jasone Basabe Lozano, Aurora López Zuñiga, Yolanda M López Fernández, Julene Escudero Argaluza, Jos M Latour
INTRODUCTION: Few validated surveys measuring parental satisfaction in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) are available, and none of them in Spanish language. The aim of this study is to translate and validate the questionnaire EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC). This questionnaire measures parental perceptions of paediatric intensive care-related satisfaction items in the Spanish language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out using questionnaires completed by relatives of children (range 0-17 years old) admitted into a tertiary PICU...
November 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083208/a-meta-analysis-of-prosocial-media-on-prosocial-behavior-aggression-and-empathic-concern-a-multidimensional-approach
#3
Sarah M Coyne, Laura M Padilla-Walker, Hailey G Holmgren, Emilie J Davis, Kevin M Collier, Madison K Memmott-Elison, Alan J Hawkins
Studies examining the effects of exposure to prosocial media on positive outcomes are increasing in number and strength. However, existing meta-analyses use a broad definition of prosocial media that does not recognize the multidimensionality of prosocial behavior. The aim of the current study is to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of exposure to prosocial media on prosocial behavior, aggression, and empathic concern while examining multiple moderators that the prosocial behavior literature suggests are important to our understanding of why individuals voluntarily help others (e...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073600/new-insight-into-affectivity-in-schizophrenia-from-the-phenomenology-of-marc-richir
#4
Tudi Gozé, Till Grohmann, Jean Naudin, Michel Cermolacce
BACKGROUND: According to Karl Jaspers, psychopathology requires a comprehensive method, understood as a systematic exploration of the first-person perspective of the patient's experience. At the same time, however, schizophrenia for Jaspers is characterized by its radical incomprehensibility. In addition, Rümke's so-called "praecox feeling" paradoxically combines the incomprehensibility of schizophrenic experience and the evidence of its pathological manifestation in the encounter. AIM: Through a re-examination of the notions of affectivity and interaffective contact we propose a coherent theoretical model to explain the clinician's paradoxical understanding of schizophrenia...
October 27, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070956/the-role-of-secure-attachment-empathic-self-efficacy-and-stress-perception-in-causal-beliefs-related-to-mental-illness-a-cross-cultural-study-italy-versus-israel
#5
Stefania Mannarini, Alisa Reikher, Sharon Shani, Inbal Shani-Zinovich
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that "mental illness etiological beliefs" and attitudes toward mentally ill people are significantly related; it has also been demonstrated that adult attachment style and empathic self-efficacy affect such attitudes. Moreover, community or regional culture has a significant impact on etiology beliefs and attitudes toward the mentally sick. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out this study in Italy and Israel among psychology students to compare two cultures in regards to causal beliefs of mental disorders and the roles that specific variables, such as secure attachment, empathic self-efficacy, and stress, play in etiological beliefs...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048311/impact-of-the-intensive-program-of-emotional-intelligence-ipei-on-work-supervisors
#6
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023499/understanding-the-perceived-logic-of-care-by-vaccine-hesitant-and-vaccine-refusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#7
Paul R Ward, Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Julie Leask
In terms of public health, childhood vaccination programs have benefits that far outweigh risks. However, some parents decide not to vaccinate their children. This paper explores the ways in which such parents talked about the perceived risks and benefits incurred by vaccinating (or not vaccinating) their children. Between 2013-2016 we undertook 29 in-depth interviews with non-vaccinating and/or 'vaccine hesitant' parents in Australia. Interviews were conducted in an open and non-judgmental manner, akin to empathic neutrality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018370/empathic-and-self-regulatory-processes-governing-doping-behavior
#8
Ian D Boardley, Alan L Smith, John P Mills, Jonathan Grix, Ceri Wynne
Evidence associating doping behavior with moral disengagement (MD) has accumulated over recent years. However, to date, research examining links between MD and doping has not considered key theoretically grounded influences and outcomes of MD. As such, there is a need for quantitative research in relevant populations that purposefully examines the explanatory pathways through which MD is thought to operate. Toward this end, the current study examined a conceptually grounded model of doping behavior that incorporated empathy, doping self-regulatory efficacy (SRE), doping MD, anticipated guilt and self-reported doping/doping susceptibility...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993727/pain-processing-in-a-social-context-and-the-link-with-psychopathic-personality-traits-an-event-related-potential-study
#9
Casper H van Heck, Josi M A Driessen, Maria Amato, Marnou N van den Berg, Pritha Bhandari, Laura Bilbao-Broch, Jordi Farres-Casals, Manon Hendriks, Adrian C Jodzio, Laura Luque-Ballesteros, Christina Schöchl, Laura R Velasco-Angeles, Roel H A Weijer, Clementina M van Rijn, Marijtje L A Jongsma
Empathy describes the ability to understand another person's feelings. Psychopathy is a disorder that is characterized by a lack of empathy. Therefore, empathy and psychopathy are interesting traits to investigate with respect to experiencing and observing pain. The present study aimed to investigate pain empathy and pain sensitivity by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) extracted from the ongoing EEG in an interactive setup. Each participant fulfilled subsequently the role of "villain" and "victim"...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981837/neural-correlates-of-empathic-accuracy-in-adolescence
#10
Tammi R A Kral, Enrique Solis, Jeanette A Mumford, Brianna S Schuyler, Lisa Flook, Katharine Rifken, Elena G Patsenko, Richard J Davidson
Empathy, the ability to understand others' emotions, can occur through perspective taking and experience sharing. Neural systems active when adults empathize include regions underlying perspective taking (e.g. medial prefrontal cortex; MPFC), and experience sharing (e.g. inferior parietal lobule; IPL). It is unknown whether adolescents utilize networks implicated in both experience sharing and perspective taking when accurately empathizing. This question is critical given the importance of accurately understanding others' emotions for developing and maintaining adaptive peer relationships during adolescence...
September 7, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979194/the-locus-coeruleus-norepinephrine-system-mediates-empathy-for-pain-through-selective-up-regulation-of-p2x3-receptor-in-dorsal-root-ganglia-in-rats
#11
Yun-Fei Lü, Yan Yang, Chun-Li Li, Yan Wang, Zhen Li, Jun Chen
Empathy for pain (vicariously felt pain), an ability to feel, recognize, understand and share the painful emotions of others, has been gradually accepted to be a common identity in both humans and rodents, however, the underlying neural and molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Recently, we have developed a rat model of empathy for pain in which pain can be transferred from a cagemate demonstrator (CD) in pain to a naïve cagemate observer (CO) after 30 min dyadic priming social interaction. The naïve CO rats display both mechanical pain hypersensitivity (hyperalgesia) and enhanced spinal nociception...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972918/getting-angry-matters-going-beyond-perspective-taking-and-empathic-concern-to-understand-bystanders-behavior-in-bullying
#12
Tiziana Pozzoli, Gianluca Gini, Robert Thornberg
The present study examined the relations between different empathic dimensions and bystanders' behavior in bullying. Specifically, the indirect effects of empathic concern and perspective taking via empathic anger on defending and passive bystanding were tested in a sample of Italian young adolescents (N = 398; Mage = 12 years, 3 months, 47.2% girls). Path analysis confirmed the direct and indirect effects, via empathic anger, of empathic concern and perspective taking on bystanders' behavior, with the exception of the direct association between perspective taking and passive bystanding that was not significant...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954529/the-impact-of-empathy-on-burnout-in-medical-students-new-findings
#13
Heidi von Harscher, Nathaly Desmarais, Robert Dollinger, Seth Grossman, Scarlett Aldana
INTRODUCTION: Research on medical students has shown they are at a higher risk for burnout and that this burnout may become more prevalent as they advance in medical school. The literature, thus far, has not explored the construct of ,emotional empathy and whether this can impact burnout in medical students. Objective: To understand the relationship  between empathy (Empathic Concern [EC] and Personal Distress [PD]) and burnout in medical students. METHOD: Five successive classes of medical students enrolled at a new medical school were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Davis' Interpersonal Reactivity Index  over the course of three successive  years (n = 353)...
September 28, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949304/resilience-psychiatry-and-religion-from-public-and-global-mental-health-perspective-dialogue-and-cooperation-in-the-search-for-humanistic-self-compassionate-society-and-empathic-civilization
#14
Miro Jakovljevic
Psychiatry has increasingly devoted its attention to the role of religion and spirituality in mental health and illness. All religions offer explanations for meaning and purpose of life, involving rationales for the reality of human suffering and traumas related to natural disasters, war, civil violence, torture, etc. In many countries different religious organizations have funded and operated mental health services as well as supported better understanding, empathy and compassion among cultures. A rapprochement between psychiatry and religion has been predicated on their overlapping goals to promote individual and community resilience, growth, and well-being...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934074/routine-assessment-of-unmet-needs-in-individuals-with-advanced-cancer-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study-of-the-palliative-care-needs-assessment-tool-pc-nat
#15
Sylvie Lambert, Afaf Girgis, Thomas Bellamy
PURPOSE: To examine (a) approaches used by oncologists to administer the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) in consultations with patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, (b) potential of this tool to facilitate discussion of psychosocial issues, and (c) whether use of the tool alters the length of consultations. DESIGN: A qualitative analysis was undertaken of audiotaped, outpatient consultations. SAMPLE AND METHODS: 20 individuals with advanced cancer and their caregivers who participated in an interrupted time series study of the impact of the systematic utilisation of the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) had a total of 48 consultations audiotaped...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928643/how-situational-context-impacts-empathic-responses-and-brain-activation-patterns
#16
Yawei Cheng, Chenyi Chen, Jean Decety
Clinical empathy, which is defined as the ability to understand the patient's experience and feelings from the patient's perspective, is acknowledged to be an important aspect of quality healthcare. However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains elusive. This fMRI study recruited one hundred female nurses, who varied the length of work experience, and examined how their neural response, functional connectivity, and subjective evaluations of valence and arousal to perceiving another individual in physical pain are modulated by the situational context in which they occur (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922009/the-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-countertransference-management-scale
#17
Andrés E Pérez-Rojas, Beatriz Palma, Avantika Bhatia, John Jackson, Earta Norwood, Jeffrey A Hayes, Charles J Gelso
Countertransference is an important aspect of the therapeutic relationship that exists in therapies of all theoretical orientations, and depending on how it is managed, it can either help or hinder treatment. Management of countertransference has been measured almost exclusively with the Countertransference Factors Inventory (Van Wagoner, Gelso, Hayes, & Diemer, 1991) and its variations, all of which focus on 5 therapist qualities theorized to facilitate management: self-insight, conceptualizing ability, empathy, self-integration, and anxiety management...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904379/a-screening-mechanism-differentiating-true-from-false-pain-during-empathy
#18
Ya-Bin Sun, Xiao-Xiao Lin, Wen Ye, Ning Wang, Jin-Yan Wang, Fei Luo
Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883780/intended-career-choice-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia-an-issue-of-gender-family-background-or-empathic-attitudes-in-final-year-medical-students
#19
Marija Petek Ster, Polona Selic
BACKGROUND: Among a variety of complex factors affecting a decision to take family medicine as a future specialisation, this study focused on demographic characteristics and assessed empathic attitudes in final year medical students. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed in two consecutive academic years of final year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in May 2014 and May 2015. A modified version of the 16-item Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student Version (JSE-S) was administered to examine self-reported empathic attitudes...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834602/does-training-in-the-circle-of-security-framework-increase-relational-understanding-in-infant-child-and-family-workers
#20
Catherine McMahon, Anna Huber, Jane Kohlhoff, Anna-Lisa Camberis
This article evaluated whether attendance at Circle of Security training workshops resulted in attendees showing greater empathy and attachment-related knowledge and understanding, and fewer judgmental responses to viewing a stressful parent-child interaction. Participants were 202 practitioners who attended and completed a 2-day (n = 70), 4-day (n = 105), or 10-day (n = 27) COS training workshop in Australia or New Zealand in 2015. In a pre/post design, participant reactions to a video clip of a challenging parent-child interaction were coded for empathic, judgmental, or attachment-focused language...
September 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
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