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Empathic understanding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019705/empathic-processes-during-nurse-consumer-conflict-situations-in-psychiatric-inpatient-units-a-qualitative-study
#1
Adam Gerace, Candice Oster, Deb O'Kane, Carly L Hayman, Eimear Muir-Cochrane
Empathy is a central component of nurse-consumer relationships. In the present study, we investigated how empathy is developed and maintained when there is conflict between nurses and consumers, and the ways in which empathy can be used to achieve positive outcomes. Through semistructured interviews, mental health nurses (n = 13) and consumers in recovery (n = 7) reflected on a specific conflict situation where they had experienced empathy, as well as how empathy contributed more generally to working with nurses/consumers...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993262/-the-recognition-of-emotions-empathy-and-moral-judgment-in-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#2
Diana Matallana, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Paulina Ramirez, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Martin Rondon
BACKGROUND: Social cognition refers to the mental processes involved in social interactions. Different aspects, such as the perception of others, self-knowledge, motivation and the cultural context, can modulate empathy responses and moral judgments regarding the actions of others. The National Mental Health Survey (ENSM for its acronym in Spanish) explored aspects of social cognition such as the perception of emotions, empathy and moral judgment in situations in which another person experiences pain...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992278/definition-of-compassion-in-healthcare-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
Encarnación Perez-Bret, Rogelio Altisent, Javier Rocafort
AIM: To reflect on the definition of compassion and analyse the concepts encompassed by the term. BACKGROUND: A large number of authors have defined compassion, with certain nuances that differ from case to case. This raises the need for specificity in the definition of the term. DATA SOURCES: First, a systematic search was conducted of scientific databases. Second, a selection of experts were consulted and a request made to them for specific articles...
December 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959460/personlighetssyndrom-%C3%A2-vad-%C3%A3-r-det-och-hur-st%C3%A3-ller-man-diagnos-etiologin-%C3%A3-r-komplex-%C3%A2-b%C3%A3-de-genetiska-faktorer-och-milj%C3%A3-faktorer-kan-vara-av-betydelse
#4
Lisa Ekselius, Jörgen Herlofson
Personality disorders - description, definition and diagnosis Personality disorders are common, associated with a poor quality of life, functional limitations, worse health, and often remain undiagnosed. The aetiology is complex, with the influence of both genetic and environmental factors. A person centred approach based on empathic understanding is important for the diagnostic and therapeutic alliance. In case of conceivable comorbidity, the relative influence of all possible comorbid conditions shall be evaluated to avoid an excessive number of comorbid diagnoses...
December 6, 2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927686/concern-for-others-a-study-on-empathy-in-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#5
Evelien Dirks, Lizet Ketelaar, Rosanne van der Zee, Anouk P Netten, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
Empathy, the ability to feel the emotions of others and respond affectively to these emotions, is an important factor in the development of social competence. The purpose of this study was to examine empathy levels in toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared to toddlers with no hearing loss (nHL), and to explore the relation between language ability and empathy. We focused on affective empathy and the precursors of cognitive empathy. A total of 23 toddlers with MHL and 21 toddlers with nHL participated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876343/implications-of-the-idea-of-neurodiversity-for-understanding-the-origins-of-developmental-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Nobuo Masataka
Neurodiversity, a term initially used mostly by civil and human rights movements since the 1990s, refers to the notion that cognitive as well as emotional properties characteristic of developmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not necessarily deficits, but fall within normal behavioural variations exhibited by humans. The purpose of the present article is to examine the relevance of this notion to scientific research on ASD. On the assumption that one crucial survival advantage of intelligent activity is vigilance toward dangers in the external world, and such vigilance must work in the social domain as well as in the non-social domain, the author argues that the pattern of operation of an individual person's mind can be categorized according to the domain toward which that individual is more oriented...
November 9, 2016: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825924/the-roots-of-empathy-through-the-lens-of-rodent-models
#7
REVIEW
K Z Meyza, I Ben-Ami Bartal, M H Monfils, J B Panksepp, E Knapska
Empathy is a phenomenon often considered dependent on higher-order emotional control and an ability to relate to the emotional state of others. It is, by many, attributed only to species having well-developed cortical circuits capable of performing such complex tasks. However, over the years, a wealth of data has been accumulated showing that rodents are capable not only of sharing emotional states of their conspecifics, but also of prosocial behavior driven by such shared experiences. The study of rodent empathic behaviors is only now becoming an independent research field...
November 4, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796726/empathizing-with-patients-the-role-of-interaction-and-narratives-in-providing-better-patient-care
#8
EDITORIAL
Carter Hardy
Recent studies have revealed a drop in the ability of physicians to empathize with their patients. It is argued that empathy training needs to be provided to both medical students and physicians in order to improve patient care. While it may be true that empathy would lead to better patient care, it is important that the right theory of empathy is being encouraged. This paper examines and critiques the prominent explanation of empathy being used in medicine. Focusing on the component of empathy that allows us to understand others, it is argued that this understanding is accomplished through a simulation...
October 28, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769812/comorbid-chronic-pain-and-depression-patient-perspectives-on-empathy
#9
Elizabeth A Sternke, Kathleen Abrahamson, Matthew J Bair
Clinician empathy is a well-documented component of effective patient/provider communication. Evidence surrounding the association between patient perspectives on clinician empathy and perception of pain management is currently limited, particularly among patients with chronic pain and depression. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' perspectives on the emergent theme of empathy and describe how patients construct their experiences and expectations surrounding empathic interactions. A secondary analysis of focus group data was designed using grounded theory methodology...
December 2016: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745760/-impairments-of-empathic-process-in-sexual-offenders
#10
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Bernard Méry, Jean-Louis Senon, Nematollah Jaafari
The review of literature devoted to empathy deficits of sexual offenders shows that they have difficulties in identifying specific emotions in specific situations. Their perspective taking abilities range from weak to normal. Face to their victims suffering, their emotional replication would be inhibited. Affective and cognitive impairments in sexual offenders do not result from a general empathy deficit but would however result from the context, cognitive distortions or indifference towards victims. Some sexual offenders are able to decenter from themselves and understand their victims' mental states, but maintain their viewpoint, leading them to not identify with their victims or share their feelings...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716117/the-experience-of-greek-cypriot-individuals-living-with-mental-illness-preliminary-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#11
Charis P Kaite, Maria N Karanikola, Foteini J D Vouzavali, Anna Koutroubas, Anastasios Merkouris, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou
BACKGROUND: Research evidence shows that healthcare professionals do not fully comprehend the difficulty involved in problems faced by people living with severe mental illness (SMI). As a result, mental health service consumers do not show confidence in the healthcare system and healthcare professionals, a problem related to the phenomenon of adherence to therapy. Moreover, the issue of unmet needs in treating individuals living with SMI is relared to their quality of life in a negative way...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688123/a-family-nursing-educational-intervention-supports-nurses-and-families-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit
#12
Sandra K Eggenberger, Marita Sanders
The family experience of critical illness is filled with distress that may have a lasting impact on family coping and family health. A nurse can become a source of comfort that helps the family endure. Yet, nurses often report a lack of confidence in communicating with families and families report troubling relationships with nurses. In spite of strong evidence supporting nursing practice focused on the family, family nursing interventions often not implemented in the critical care setting. This pilot study examined the influence of an educational intervention on nurses' attitudes towards and confidence in providing family care, as well as families' perceptions of support from nurses in an adult critical care setting...
November 2016: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685802/less-empathic-and-more-reactive-the-different-impact-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-facial-mimicry-and-vagal-regulation
#13
Martina Ardizzi, Maria Alessandra Umiltà, Valentina Evangelista, Alessandra Di Liscia, Roberto Ravera, Vittorio Gallese
Facial mimicry and vagal regulation represent two crucial physiological responses to others' facial expressions of emotions. Facial mimicry, defined as the automatic, rapid and congruent electromyographic activation to others' facial expressions, is implicated in empathy, emotional reciprocity and emotions recognition. Vagal regulation, quantified by the computation of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA), exemplifies the autonomic adaptation to contingent social cues. Although it has been demonstrated that childhood maltreatment induces alterations in the processing of the facial expression of emotions, both at an explicit and implicit level, the effects of maltreatment on children's facial mimicry and vagal regulation in response to facial expressions of emotions remain unknown...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682473/intergenerational-solidarity-the-paradox-of-reciprocity-imbalance-in-ageing-welfare-states
#14
Peter Thijssen
In this article a new theoretical framework is applied to a research field that is somewhat fragmented, namely that of intergenerational solidarity in ageing welfare states. Inspired by utilitarian considerations many scholars tend to problematize the lack of reciprocity characterizing intergenerational exchanges. As some generations are longer old and more numerous they may receive excessive state-administered support of the younger generations, especially in a democratic setting. However, in reality there is limited empirical evidence of intergenerational conflict and theoretical explanations of this paradox are rare...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676808/interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-chronic-pain
#15
Xavier Gocko
OBJECTIVE: In France, chronic pain prevalence, causing professional or domestic activity restriction, increases with age, and reaches more than 60% people over 85 years old. In 2006, 40% of patients suffering from chronic pain are still not satisfied with practioners' monitoring and therefore multiply consultations. The aim of this study was to analyse the phenomenon of chronic pain, thanks to patients' experience and consciousness of their own situations. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This qualitative phenomenological study had the objective to enter in patients' "singular universe" by using two-fold hermeneutics, both empathic and critical...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671538/against-compassion-in-defence-of-a-hybrid-concept-of-empathy
#16
Alastair Morgan
In this article, I argue that the recent emphasis on compassion in healthcare practice lacks conceptual richness and clarity. In particular, I argue that it would be helpful to focus on a larger concept of empathy rather than compassion alone and that compassion should be thought of as a component of this larger concept of empathy. The first part of the article outlines a critique of the current discourse of compassion on three grounds. This discourse naturalizes, individualizes, and reifies compassion leading to a decontextualized and simplified understanding of failures in healthcare practice...
September 27, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662043/the-talking-cure-of-avoidant-personality-disorder-remission-through-earned-secure-attachment
#17
Jeffrey Guina
The concept of earned security is important and has significant implications for psychotherapy. Understanding how individuals with insecure attachment styles can develop secure attachment styles through reparative relationships, such as the therapeutic relationship, can assist psychotherapists in helping patients to overcome the effects of early negative life experiences. Personality disorders are commonly associated with negative experiences, such as abuse, neglect, and other empathic failures. These disorders are particularly difficult to treat because of their pervasive nature and the resultant defense mechanisms that often thwart psychotherapy...
2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660050/sensorimotor-network-crucial-for-inferring-amusement-from-smiles
#18
Riccardo Paracampo, Emmanuele Tidoni, Sara Borgomaneri, Giuseppe di Pellegrino, Alessio Avenanti
Understanding whether another's smile reflects authentic amusement is a key challenge in social life, yet, the neural bases of this ability have been largely unexplored. Here, we combined transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with a novel empathic accuracy (EA) task to test whether sensorimotor and mentalizing networks are critical for understanding another's amusement. Participants were presented with dynamic displays of smiles and explicitly requested to infer whether the smiling individual was feeling authentic amusement or not...
September 22, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621922/the-effect-of-empathy-training-on-the-empathic-skills-of-nurses
#19
Ilknur Kahriman, Nesrin Nural, Umit Arslan, Murat Topbas, Gamze Can, Suheyla Kasim
BACKGROUND: The profound impact of empathy training on quality nursing care has been recognized. Studies have shown that there has been little improvement in nurses' communication skills, and that they should work to enhance this area. Relevant training will lead to an improvement in nurses' empathic skills, which in turn, will enable them to understand their patients better, establish positive interpersonal relationships with them, and boost their professional satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: To reveal the effect of empathy training on the empathic skills of nurses...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608488/ethical-erosion-in-newly-qualified-doctors-perceptions-of-empathy-decline
#20
Emily C Stratta, David M Riding, Paul Baker
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to understand whether UK Foundation doctors perceived the phenomena of ethical erosion and empathy decline during their initial period of clinical practice, and if so, why this occurred. METHODS: This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews with nine doctors in their first year of clinical practice at Royal Bolton Hospital, UK. Participants were invited to discuss the definition of empathy, how individuals acquire and maintain empathic ability, perceptions of ethical erosion in the self and others, and how clinical experiences have influenced their empathic ability...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
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