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Empathic understanding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934074/routine-assessment-of-unmet-needs-in-individuals-with-advanced-cancer-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study-of-the-palliative-care-needs-assessment-tool-pc-nat
#1
Sylvie Lambert, Afaf Girgis, Thomas Bellamy
PURPOSE: To examine (a) approaches used by oncologists to administer the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) in consultations with patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, (b) potential of this tool to facilitate discussion of psychosocial issues, and (c) whether use of the tool alters the length of consultations. DESIGN: A qualitative analysis was undertaken of audiotaped, outpatient consultations. SAMPLE AND METHODS: 20 individuals with advanced cancer and their caregivers who participated in an interrupted time series study of the impact of the systematic utilisation of the Palliative Care Needs Assessment Tool (PC-NAT) had a total of 48 consultations audiotaped...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928643/how-situational-context-impacts-empathic-responses-and-brain-activation-patterns
#2
Yawei Cheng, Chenyi Chen, Jean Decety
Clinical empathy, which is defined as the ability to understand the patient's experience and feelings from the patient's perspective, is acknowledged to be an important aspect of quality healthcare. However, how work experience modulates the empathic responses and brain activation patterns in medical professions remains elusive. This fMRI study recruited one hundred female nurses, who varied the length of work experience, and examined how their neural response, functional connectivity, and subjective evaluations of valence and arousal to perceiving another individual in physical pain are modulated by the situational context in which they occur (i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922009/the-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-countertransference-management-scale
#3
Andrés E Pérez-Rojas, Beatriz Palma, Avantika Bhatia, John Jackson, Earta Norwood, Jeffrey A Hayes, Charles J Gelso
Countertransference is an important aspect of the therapeutic relationship that exists in therapies of all theoretical orientations, and depending on how it is managed, it can either help or hinder treatment. Management of countertransference has been measured almost exclusively with the Countertransference Factors Inventory (Van Wagoner, Gelso, Hayes, & Diemer, 1991) and its variations, all of which focus on 5 therapist qualities theorized to facilitate management: self-insight, conceptualizing ability, empathy, self-integration, and anxiety management...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904379/a-screening-mechanism-differentiating-true-from-false-pain-during-empathy
#4
Ya-Bin Sun, Xiao-Xiao Lin, Wen Ye, Ning Wang, Jin-Yan Wang, Fei Luo
Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883780/intended-career-choice-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia-an-issue-of-gender-family-background-or-empathic-attitudes-in-final-year-medical-students
#5
Marija Petek Ster, Polona Selic
BACKGROUND: Among a variety of complex factors affecting a decision to take family medicine as a future specialisation, this study focused on demographic characteristics and assessed empathic attitudes in final year medical students. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was employed in two consecutive academic years of final year medical students at the Faculty of Medicine in Ljubljana, Slovenia, in May 2014 and May 2015. A modified version of the 16-item Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Student Version (JSE-S) was administered to examine self-reported empathic attitudes...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834602/does-training-in-the-circle-of-security-framework-increase-relational-understanding-in-infant-child-and-family-workers
#6
Catherine McMahon, Anna Huber, Jane Kohlhoff, Anna-Lisa Camberis
This article evaluated whether attendance at Circle of Security training workshops resulted in attendees showing greater empathy and attachment-related knowledge and understanding, and fewer judgmental responses to viewing a stressful parent-child interaction. Participants were 202 practitioners who attended and completed a 2-day (n = 70), 4-day (n = 105), or 10-day (n = 27) COS training workshop in Australia or New Zealand in 2015. In a pre/post design, participant reactions to a video clip of a challenging parent-child interaction were coded for empathic, judgmental, or attachment-focused language...
September 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826336/empathizers-and-systemizers-process-social-information-differently
#7
Tapani Riekki, Annika Svedholm-Häkkinen, Marjaana Lindeman
Using the empathizing-systemizing theory as our framework, we investigated how people with high self-reported empathizing (having good social skills and being interested in people) and systemizing (being interested in physical things and processes) differ in the social information processing of emotionally negative photographs of people during "spontaneous watching" and emotional and cognitive empathy tasks. Empathizers evaluated the pictures as more emotionally touching and the reactions in the photographs more understandable than the systemizers...
August 22, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758788/-functional-architecture-of-visual-emotion-recognition-ability-a-latent-variable-approach-correction-to-lewis-lefevre-and-young-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Functional architecture of visual emotion recognition ability: A latent variable approach" by Gary J. Lewis, Carmen E. Lefevre and Andrew W. Young (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2016[May], Vol 145[5], 589-602). In the article, there were several errors in Table 5. The correlations between the AQ-10 and both the supramodal and face-specific latent ability factors were set as positive. They should have been negative. The correct values are shown in the table provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-13445-001...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753461/the-predictive-effect-of-empathy-and-social-norms-on-adolescents-implicit-and-explicit-stigma-responses
#9
Charlotte Silke, Lorraine Swords, Caroline Heary
Research indicates that adolescents who experience mental health difficulties are frequently stigmatised by their peers. Stigmatisation is associated with a host of negative social and psychological effects, which impacts a young person's well-being. As a result, the development of effective anti-stigma strategies is considered a major research priority. However, in order to design effective stigma reduction strategies, researchers must be informed by an understanding of the factors that influence the expression of stigma...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749168/anxiety-reduction-and-emotional-self-care-using-the-u-technique-in-radiology%C3%A2-departments
#10
Alberto Martinez Lorca, Roberto Aguado, Manuela Martinez Lorca, Maria Carmen Zabala Baños
Daily clinical practice is an important source of stress and emotional exhaustion. In health field, patients could experience a significant number of emotional reactions. There are high levels of anxiety in patients referred for medical imaging, and these levels are even higher in patients undergoing complicated diagnostic procedures. All this shows the need to understand that anxiety must be diagnosed and treated. This situation forces radiologist to develop emotional and social skills to resolve difficulties that may arise in the communicative act...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745917/the-meaning-of-stigma-for-people-with-mental-disorders-in-brazil
#11
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Dayane Rosa Alvarenga Silva, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Tatiana Longo Borges
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of stigma for people with mental disorders. METHOD: A qualitative study with 46 Brazilian adults with mental disorders. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and nonparticipant observation and submitted for a thematic analysis with symbolic interactionism. RESULTS: Stigma was considered as an experience of incomprehension and suffering. The society has difficulty in empathizing, respecting differences and understanding the extent of the suffering of people with mental disorders...
July 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739639/advances-in-neuroscience-imply-that-harmful-experiments-in-dogs-are-unethical
#12
Jarrod Bailey, Shiranee Pereira
Functional MRI (fMRI) of fully awake and unrestrained dog 'volunteers' has been proven an effective tool to understand the neural circuitry and functioning of the canine brain. Although every dog owner would vouch that dogs are perceptive, cognitive, intuitive and capable of positive emotions/empathy, as indeed substantiated by ethological studies for some time, neurological investigations now corroborate this. These studies show that there exists a striking similarity between dogs and humans in the functioning of the caudate nucleus (associated with pleasure and emotion), and dogs experience positive emotions, empathic-like responses and demonstrate human bonding which, some scientists claim, may be at least comparable with human children...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725866/patient-perceptions-of-clinician-s-empathy-measurement-and-psychometrics
#13
Mohammadreza Hojat, Jennifer DeSantis, Joseph S Gonnella
The prominence of reciprocal understanding in patient-doctor empathic engagement implies that patient perception of clinician's empathy has an important role in the assessment of the patient-clinician relationship. In response to a need for an assessment tool to measure patient's views of clinician empathy, we developed a brief (5-item) instrument, the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE). This review article reports evidence in support of the validity and reliability of the JSPPPE...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691837/childhood-maltreatment-and-context-dependent-empathic-accuracy-in-adult-romantic-relationships
#14
Annemarie Miano, Teresa Weber, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
OBJECTIVES: Childhood maltreatment, that is neglect and abuse, are associated with difficulties in adult relationship functioning. We tested whether childhood maltreatment changes the presence of a relationship protective mechanism, called motivated inaccuracy. It describes a decrease in romantic couples' empathic accuracy, (EA), that is, their correct understanding of the partners' thoughts and feelings, in situations that pose a potential threat to the stability of the relationship...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659848/construct-validity-and-reliability-of-a-new-spanish-empathy-questionnaire-for-children-and-early-adolescents
#15
Maria C Richaud, Viviana N Lemos, Belen Mesurado, Laura Oros
Empathy is a basic socio-emotional process of human development that involves the ability to perceive, share, and understand the emotional states of others. This process is essential to successful social functioning. However, despite its significance, empathy has been difficult to define and measure, particularly when incorporating both its emotional and cognitive aspects. The purpose of this study was to develop an Empathy Questionnaire for children aged 9-12 years based on a model of social cognitive neuroscience and to analyze its construct validity and reliability...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638517/writing-well-the-long-term-effect-on-empathy-observation-and-physician-writing-through-a-residency-writers-workshop
#16
Megan Lemay, John Encandela, Lisa Sanders, Anna Reisman
BACKGROUND: Writing narratives during medical training can provide a way to derive meaning from challenging experiences, enhance reflection, and combat burnout. The Yale Internal Medicine Residency Writers' Workshop, an annual 2-day intensive workshop followed by faculty-guided writing revision and publication, has been training resident physicians in the craft of writing since 2003. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the long-term effects of a craft-focused writers' workshop for residents on empathy, observation skills, and future writing...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632770/men-women%C3%A2-who-cares-a-population-based-study-on-sex-differences-and-gender-roles-in-empathy-and-moral-cognition
#17
Sandra Baez, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Adolfo M García, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Research on sex differences in empathy has revealed mixed findings. Whereas experimental and neuropsychological measures show no consistent sex effect, self-report data consistently indicates greater empathy in women. However, available results mainly come from separate populations with relatively small samples, which may inflate effect sizes and hinder comparability between both empirical corpora. To elucidate the issue, we conducted two large-scale studies. First, we examined whether sex differences emerge in a large population-based sample (n = 10,802) when empathy is measured with an experimental empathy-for-pain paradigm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627907/the-role-of-empathy-in-experiencing-vicarious-anxiety
#18
Jocelyn Shu, Samuel Hassell, Jochen Weber, Kevin N Ochsner, Dean Mobbs
With depictions of others facing threats common in the media, the experience of vicarious anxiety may be prevalent in the general population. However, the phenomenon of vicarious anxiety-the experience of anxiety in response to observing others expressing anxiety-and the interpersonal mechanisms underlying it have not been fully investigated in prior research. In 4 studies, we investigate the role of empathy in experiencing vicarious anxiety, using film clips depicting target victims facing threats. In Studies 1 and 2, trait emotional empathy was associated with greater self-reported anxiety when observing target victims, and with perceiving greater anxiety to be experienced by the targets...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615963/frequency-dependent-changes-in-sensorimotor-and-pain-affective-systems-induced-by-empathy-for-pain
#19
Yoshimasa Motoyama, Katsuya Ogata, Sumio Hoka, Shozo Tobimatsu
BACKGROUND: Empathy for pain helps us to understand the pain of others indirectly. To better comprehend the processing of empathic pain, we report the frequency-dependent modulation of cortical oscillations induced by watching movies depicting pain using high-density electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and motor evoked potentials (MEP). METHODS: Event-related desynchronization of EEG and MEG was assessed while participants viewed videos of painful (needle) or neutral (cotton swab) situations...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601927/what-makes-you-so-sure-dogmatism-fundamentalism-analytic-thinking-perspective-taking-and-moral-concern-in-the-religious-and-nonreligious
#20
Jared Parker Friedman, Anthony Ian Jack
Better understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one's beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psychological constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world-religious and nonreligious individuals...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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