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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236095/health-literacy-and-hospital-length-of-stay-an-inpatient-cohort-study
#1
Ethan G Jaffee, Vineet M Arora, Madeleine I Matthiesen, David O Meltzer, Valerie G Press
BACKGROUND: Associations between low health literacy (HL) and adverse health outcomes have been well documented in the outpatient setting; however, few studies have examined associations between low HL and in-hospital outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare hospital length of stay (LOS) among patients with low HL and those with adequate HL. DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Academic urban tertiary-care hospital. PATIENTS: Hospitalized general medicine patients...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235704/industry-academia-partnership-the-synthesis-and-solid-state-pharmaceutical-centre-sspc-as-a-collaborative-approach-from-molecule-to-medicine
#2
Gerard P McGlacken, Sarah Hayes, Anita R Maguire, Jon O'Halloran, Kieran Hodnett
A marriage made in Ireland! The Synthesis and Solid-State Pharmaceutical Centre (SSPC) transcends company and academic boundaries and is one of the largest research collaborations of its type globally. Trust, a culture of inclusivity and commitment to mutual benefit are just some of the factors that have led to the success of the SSPC. Fostering these ideals within its industry-academia, and inter-company collaborations remains crucial to further development.
December 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235051/development-of-the-cns-tap-tool-for-the-selection-of-precision-medicine-therapies-in-neuro-oncology
#3
Joseph R Linzey, Bernard L Marini, Amy Pasternak, Cory Smith, Zac Miklja, Lili Zhao, Chandan Kumar-Sinha, Alyssa Paul, Nicholas Harris, Patricia L Robertson, Lindsey M Hoffman, Arul Chinnaiyan, Rajen Mody, Carl Koschmann
The number of targeted therapies utilized in precision medicine are rapidly increasing. Neuro-oncology offers a unique challenge due to the varying blood brain barrier (BBB) penetration of each agent. Neuro-oncologists face a difficult task weighing the growing number of potential targeted therapies and their likelihood of BBB penetration. We developed the CNS TAP Working Group and performed an extensive literature review for the evidence-based creation of the CNS TAP tool, which was retrospectively validated by analyzing brain tumor patients who underwent therapy targeted based on genomic results from an academic sequencing study (MiOncoseq, n = 17) or private molecular profiling (Foundation One, n = 7)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234711/a-study-of-the-number-of-female-editors-in-chief-of-dermatology-journals
#4
C E Gollins, A R Shipman, D F Murrell
Introduction: Over the past 50 years the proportion of women entering medical school has vastly increased, however there still exists a gender gap in top leadership positions, including within academic medicine. It is important to investigate the influence of women in this area, and assess change over time. The aim of the study was to assess the number of women who have acted as editors-in-chief of prominent dermatology journals over the 20th and 21st centuries. Methods: A list of 25 journals was collated based on their impact factors and prominence...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233408/structured-academic-discussions-through-an-online-education-specific-platform-to-improve-pharm-d-students-learning-outcomes
#5
Srikanth Kolluru, James T Varughese
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate active academic discussions using an online, education-centered platform and reinforce concepts, in order to improve overall course outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A third year integrated pharmacotherapy course was enrolled on an online searchable platform, Piazza®, to facilitate academic discussions. Students could ask, answer, and explore content, and build on submitted answers in wiki style in collaboration. Instructor posted learning objectives, endorsed student responses with correct answers and led follow-up discussions...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233367/electronic-cigarette-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-health-professional-students
#6
Amy M Franks, William A Hawes, Keith R McCain, Nalin Payakachat
INTRODUCTION: Our study evaluated the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, knowledge, and perceptions of health professional students enrolled in one of five colleges at a single academic health center. METHODS: A 56-item survey was conducted to examine the use, knowledge, and perceptions of e-cigarettes among health professional students. An e-cigarette knowledge score was calculated according to correct responses to eight true-false survey items, with possible scores ranging from zero to eight points...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233271/know-your-medicine-a-novel-student-led-community-service-learning-program
#7
Crystal K Howell, Kelly R Reveles, Leroy C Knodel, Nancy R Pattyn, Christopher R Frei
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this article is to describe the efforts of the student pharmacist organization called Know Your Medicine (KYM) as they conduct medication therapy management (MTM) for older adults and underserved communities. METHODS: Patients brought medications, immunization records, and health concerns to KYM events during academic years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014. Student pharmacists performed health screenings, created personalized medication records (PMR), made recommendations, created personal action plans (PAP), and conducted follow-up phone calls...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231620/-briefs-of-japanese-acupuncture-moxibustion-works-of-chinese-translation-version-in-modern-times
#8
Kechen Liu, Shujian Zhang
The authors collected 25 Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version in modern times (1912-1960) and investigated them from 3 aspects, named the study on the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion, the explanation of basic theory and clinical treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion. Generally speaking, Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version explained the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion in terms of the theory of western medicine rather than traditional one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231538/-establishing-the-acupuncture-moxibustion-clinical-trial-registry-and-improving-the-transparence-of-clinical-trials-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion
#9
Yali Liu, Liyun He, Jia Liu, Xingyue Yang, Dongning Yan, Xin Wang, Lin Luo, Hongjiao Li, Shiyan Yan, Tiancai Wen, Wenjing Bai, Taixiang Wu, Baoyan Liu
As a kind of intervention measures of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture-moxibustion is highly adopted on global clinical practice. Even though the global clinical trial registration system was established more than 10 years ago, the proportion of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trial registration is still very low; and it is very problematic on the methodological quality and report quality in the published acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials. In order to manage particularly the acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, collaborated with China Association of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and World Federation of Acupuncture Societies, established the Acupuncture-Moxibustion Clinical Trail Registry (AMCTR)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231354/-top-cited-academic-articles-in-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-research
#10
Shengfeng Lu, Ying Zou, Rudong Wang, Meiling Yu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the 100 top-cited articles published in journals dedicated to acupuncture & moxibustion research and analyze their characteristics so as to explore its academic state. METHODS: All the articles were collected from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, January 1, 1943 to December 25, 2016), Web of Science (January 1, 1950 to December 25, 2016), WANFANG Database (January 1, 1998 to December 25, 2016). The top-cited articles were selected and analyzed with regard to publication year, number of citations, journals, authors, country or region, institution, title, type and subject...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230945/a-novel-peer-feedback-programme-of-family-centred-rounds
#11
Priti Bhansali, Ellen Goldman
BACKGROUND: Family-centred rounds (FCRs) are becoming standard practice in in-patient paediatrics. Few faculty development programmes to train doctors in how to lead FCRs have been described in the literature, yet recent studies of peer feedback of in-patient rounds in internal medicine suggest benefits to teaching practices. Peer feedback may be useful as a faculty development method for FCRs. The study objective was to describe the experience of paediatric hospitalists participating in a peer feedback programme based on direct observation of FCRs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228999/the-influence-of-early-research-experience-in-medical-school-on-the-decision-to-intercalate-and-future-career-in-clinical-academia-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Shona E Boyle, Seonaidh C Cotton, Phyo Kyaw Myint, Georgina Louise Hold
BACKGROUND: Currently, only one in three UK medical students undertake an intercalated degree. This has often been implicated as a result of financial obstacles or a lack of interest in research due to inadequate exposure to academic medicine. The aims of this study were to determine whether exposure to research early in medical school, through the initiation of an early years clinical academic training programme has a positive influence on the decision-making related to intercalating and a career long interest in research...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#13
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226232/connecting-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-through-an-elective-epa-based-transitional-year-in-acute-care-an-early-project-report
#14
Gersten Jonker, Reinier G Hoff, Stefan Max, Cor J Kalkman, Olle Ten Cate
Objective: A well-designed final year may ease the transition from medical school to postgraduate training, if it has enough depth to enable the acquisition of early specialty expertise, while keeping enough breadth to support the graduation as all-round physician. Aim of this article is to describe the design of a multidisciplinary dedicated transitional year (DTY) around the theme of recognition and initial treatment of vitally threatened patients. Methods: Undergraduate and postgraduate training directors from the departments of Anaesthesiology, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care Medicine and Respiratory Medicine at UMC Utrecht and partnering hospitals have collaboratively developed and implemented a curriculum for a final year focusing on three entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in the domain of acute care...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226220/initial-results-of-the-master-s-degree-programme-in-leadership-in-medicine-impact-on-hospital-based-follow-on-training-of-doctors
#15
Chris-Henrik Wulfert, Joachim Hoitz, Ulrike Senger
Objective: This pilot project, which was jointly conducted by a hospital and a university, describes the development of the Master's Degree Programme in Leadership in Medicine, a course designed to supplement medical specialty training. The aim of the pilot project is to demonstrate how hospital-based projects on personnel and organisational development undertaken under academic supervision can be used to increase leadership responsibility among doctors whose duties include providing initial and follow-on training and to professionalise medical specialty training as a leadership task...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226163/diagnostic-accuracy-of-3-physical-examination-tests-in-the-assessment-of-hip-microinstability
#16
Daniel J Hoppe, Jeremy N Truntzer, Lauren M Shapiro, Geoffrey D Abrams, Marc R Safran
Background: Hip microinstability is a diagnosis gaining increasing interest. Physical examination tests to identify microinstability have not been objectively investigated using intraoperative confirmation of instability as a reference standard. Purpose: To determine the test characteristics and diagnostic accuracy of 3 physical examination maneuvers in the detection of hip microinstability. Study Design: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222708/correction-to-effect-of-renal-transplantation-on-cognitive-function-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Yogesh K Chhabra, Sanjay Sood, Omprakash Rathi, Sandeep Mahajan
In the original publication, the second author's affiliation was incorrectly published as "Department of Physiology, RAK College of Medical Sciences, Ras Al Khaimah, UAE". The correct affiliation should read as "Visiting Academic, Basic Medical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah (UAE)".
December 8, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221458/a-cohort-examination-to-establish-reporting-of-the-remit-and-function-of-trial-steering-committees-in-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Elizabeth J Conroy, Barbara Arch, Nicola L Harman, J Athene Lane, Steff C Lewis, John Norrie, Matthew R Sydes, Carrol Gamble
BACKGROUND: The DAMOCLES project established a widely used Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) Charter for randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Typically, within the UK, the DMC is advisory and recommends to another executive body; the Trial Steering Committee (TSC). Despite the executive role of the TSC, the CONSORT Statement does not explicitly require reporting of TSC activity, although is included as an example of good reporting. A lack of guidance on TSC reporting can impact transparency of trial oversight, ultimately leading to a misunderstanding regarding role and, subsequently, further variation in practice...
December 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220589/first-year-internal-medicine-residents-reflections-on-nonmedical-home-visits-to-high-risk-patients
#19
Stephanie K Nothelle, Colleen Christmas, Laura A Hanyok
PROBLEM: Patients who are high utilizers of care often experience health-related challenges that are not readily visible in an office setting but paramount for residents to learn. A nonmedical home visit performed at the beginning of residency training may help residents better understand social underpinnings related to their patient's health and place subsequent care within the context of the patient's life. INTERVENTION: First-year internal medicine residents completed a nonmedical home visit to an at-risk patient prior to seeing the patient in the office for his or her first medical visit...
December 8, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219876/effectiveness-of-patient-centered-interventions-on-falls-in-the-acute-care-setting-compared-to-usual-care-a-systematic-review
#20
Donna Avanecean, Dawn Calliste, Teresita Contreras, Yeogyeong Lim, Aileen Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls during hospitalization remain a concern for healthcare institutions globally despite implementation of various improvement strategies. Although the incidence of falls has been of heightened focus for many years and numerous studies have been done evaluating different approaches for fall prevention, fall rates remain high in acute care settings. Patient fall risk scales tend to address only particular intrinsic and extrinsic factors but do not adequately assess a patient's current fall risk status, subsequently warranting more patient-centered risk assessments and interventions...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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