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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025838/association-between-childhood-allergic-diseases-educational-attainment-and-occupational-status-in-later-life-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Liam Smeeth, Martin McKee, Jennifer K Quint, Katrina Abuabara, Sinead Langan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#2
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023173/health-science-center-faculty-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-education-and-teamwork
#3
Jodie C Gary, Kevin Gosselin, Regina Bentley
The attitudes of faculty towards interprofessional education (IPE) and teamwork impact the education of health professions education (HPE) students. This paper reports on a study evaluating attitudes from health professions educators towards IPE and teamwork at one academic health science center (HSC) where modest IPE initiatives have commenced. Drawing from the results of a previous investigation, this study was conducted to examine current attitudes of the faculty responsible for the training of future healthcare professionals...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021919/safeguarding-the-future-of-independent-academic-clinical-cancer-research-in-europe-for-the-benefit-of-patients
#4
Anastassia Negrouk, Denis Lacombe, Fatima Cardoso, Franck Morin, Eva Carrasco, Joan Maurel, Rudolf Maibach, Enrique Aranda, Richard Marais, Rolf A Stahel
Cancer is a complex disease that is constantly evolving. It is now the most common cause of death in Europe after cardiovascular diseases. There are inequalities among European countries, potentially unsustainable healthcare systems impacting quality of cancer care and increasing number of patients with cancer with rare conditions. Clinical and translational research are the backbone in establishing scientific advances as novel treatments and advancing progress to the benefit of patients. Commercially sponsored clinical trials are responsible for developing new medicines that can treat various disease areas, including cancer...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020704/-current-research-activities-on-person-centered-medicine-in-academic-institutes-of-general-practice-in-germany-and-austria
#5
Annemarie Weber, Jörg Schelling, Niko Kohls, Marcus van Dyck, Stephanie Poggenburg, Christian Vajda, Jameson Hirsch, Fuschia Sirois, Loren Toussaint, Martin Offenbächer
Aim of study Person-centered medicine (PCM) with its focus on humanistic-biographical-oriented medicine and integrated, positive-salutogenic health is a central aspect in the patient-physician relationship in general practice. The objective of this analysis is to assess the prevalence and type of research project in academic institutions of general practice in Germany (Ger) and Austria (At) and the thematic priorities of the projects in the areas PCM, health promotion (HP), prevention (PRE) and conventional medicine (CM)...
October 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018770/master-of-science-msc-program-in-radiation-biology-an-interdepartmental-course-bridging-the-gap-between-radiation-related-preclinical-and-clinical-disciplines-to-prepare-next-generation-medical-scientists
#6
Stephanie E Combs, Carmen Kessel, Jan J Wilkens, Gabriele Multhoff, Thomas E Schmid, Peter Vaupel, Klaus-Rüdiger Trott, Pascal Berberat, Michael J Atkinson
Radiation biology is a highly interdisciplinary field at the interface of biology, physics, and medicine. It is characterized by rapid advances in biological and technical knowledge. The potential for using these advances to optimize medical care, radiation protection, and related fields can be exploited only with complementary activities to support the education of young academics. A small number of academic institutions have committed resources into radiation-related courses and curricula; however, few offer a comprehensive interdepartmental research and training program...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017994/utilizing-consumer-health-informatics-to-support-management-of-hypertension-by-clinical-pharmacists-in-primary-care-study-protocol
#7
Lorraine R Buis, Dana N Roberson, Reema Kadri, Nicole G Rockey, Melissa A Plegue, Hae Mi Choe, Caroline R Richardson
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is a major public health concern in the United States given its wide prevalence, high cost, and poor rates of control. Multiple strategies to counter this growing epidemic have been studied, and home blood pressure (BP) monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) interventions, and referrals to clinical pharmacists for BP management have all shown potential to be effective intervention strategies. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to establish feasibility and acceptability of BPTrack, a clinical pharmacist-led mHealth intervention that aims to improve BP control by supporting home BP monitoring and medication adherence among patients with uncontrolled HTN...
October 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017656/-development-and-construction-mode-of-critical-care-medicine-22-years-of-development-and-construction-of-intensive-care-units-of-guizhou-medical-university
#8
Difen Wang, Ying Liu, Jiangquan Fu, Yuanyi Liu, Yumei Cheng, Ying Wang, Liang Li, Ming Liu, Yan Tang, Feng Shen, Xu Liu, Jia Yuan, Xianjun Chen, Hongying Bi, Hongxia Wang, Wei Li, Qimin Chen, Cui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To provide decision-making basis for promoting the rapid and healthy development of critical care medicine/intensive care unit (ICU) through discussing the mode of development and construction of the department of ICU. METHODS: The situations of ICU of Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from July 1994 to December 2016 were analyzed and summed up. Data of the situations in different development stages included the location and area of the ward, the number of beds, the number of physicians and nurses, the structure of academic titles and educational levels, the number of patients admitted to ICU per year, the proportion of patients used ventilator per year, the mortality, the mode of the discipline management, the number of medical postgraduates and undergraduates trained in the ICU, the number of teaching hours, the achievements, the number of research projects, the number of published monographs and papers, the number of the multicenter trials that we participated in, the construction of the team, the personal honor, and so on...
October 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017594/depression-in-medical-students-insights-from-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Vanessa Silva, Patrício Costa, Inês Pereira, Ricardo Faria, Ana P Salgueira, Manuel J Costa, Nuno Sousa, João J Cerqueira, Pedro Morgado
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with depression of medical students are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of depression in medical students, its change during the course, if depression persists for affected students, what are the factors associated with depression and how these factors change over time. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Medical School of the University of Minho, Portugal, between academic years 2009-2010 to 2012-2013...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016895/the-accuracy-of-a-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-general-practice
#10
Rosalind Gittins, Molly Howard, Ameer Ghodke, Timothy J Ives, Paul Chelminski
Objective: To compare the characteristics of people with fibromyalgia (FM) with those with other forms of nonmalignant chronic pain. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted in a chronic pain management clinic within an academic medical center. Setting. : Many symptoms of the chronic pain syndrome FM are common to other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes. FM may be misdiagnosed by clinicians. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with a working diagnosis of FM were identified: 26 (78...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016553/bleeding-and-neurologic-complications-in-58-000-interventional-pain-procedures
#11
Nafisseh S Warner, W Michael Hooten, Matthew A Warner, Tim J Lamer, Jason S Eldrige, Halena M Gazelka, Daryl J Kor, Bryan C Hoelzer, William D Mauck, Susan M Moeschler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interventional pain procedures are commonly performed on patients receiving antiplatelet therapy. However, there is limited evidence to support or refute the safety of this practice. The goal of this investigation was to assess the rate of bleeding complications in a large cohort of patients undergoing intermediate- and low-risk pain procedures, with a specific focus on antiplatelet and anticoagulant medication use and baseline coagulation abnormalities. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of adult patients undergoing low- and intermediate-risk pain procedures from 2005 through 2014 by the division of pain medicine at a single academic tertiary care center...
October 6, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016500/nonreassuring-status-improving-obstetrician-gynecologist-wellness
#12
Abigail Ford Winkel, Francine Hughes, Stephanie V Blank
Physician wellness directly affects patient and physician health and has broader implications for our health systems. A summary of what is known about physician wellness in medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology in particular, identifies several areas for future focus. To change our culture and the structure of our academic health centers in a way that promotes resilience, we suggest greater attention to preparedness for practice and attention to work-life integration as well as mentoring and professional development...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994500/targeting-the-protein-kinases-cysteinome
#13
Apirat Chaikuad, Pierre Koch, Stefan Laufer, Stefan Knapp
Drugs that function by covalent bond formation represent a considerable fraction of our repository of effective medicines but safety concerns and the complexity of developing covalent inhibitors has rendered covalent targeting a less attractive strategy for rational drug design. The recent approval of four covalent kinase inhibitors and the development of highly potent covalent kinase probes with exceptional selectivity has raised significant interest in industry and academic research and validated the concept of covalent kinase targeting for clinical applications...
October 10, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993991/pocus-in-perioperative-medicine-a-north-american-perspective
#14
Lorenzo De Marchi, Massimiliano Meineri
Ultrasound (US) performed at the point of care has found fertile ground in perioperative medicine. In the hands of anesthesiologists, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become established as a powerful diagnostic and monitoring tool in the perioperative care of cardiac and non-cardiac patients. A number of point-of-care US (POCUS) applications are relevant to perioperative care, including airway, cardiac, lung and gastric US. Although guidelines exist to define the scope of practice for basic and advanced TEE, there remains a lack of such guidelines for perioperative point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS), despite a number of recent calls for action in the academic anesthesia community...
October 9, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993921/-nanna-svartz-1890-1986-the-first-female-professor-of-medicine-in-sweden
#15
F A Wollheim
Nanna Svartz was a charismatic character who played a significant role in Swedish medicine in the mid-twentieth century. As one of five brothers and sisters, she escaped an early death from tuberculosis. She reached 96 years of age. Her diligence and sense of duty were legendary, along with her ambition to fully prove herself as "the first female professor". She inherited a certain insecurity from her father that led to her difficulty in taking criticism. Despite extensive academic obligations, she worked as a treating doctor for 55 years and always took her time with her patients, especially if they held important public positions...
October 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992143/a-qualitative-study-of-sign-out-processes-between-primary-and-on-call-residents-relationships-in-information-exchange-responsibility-and-accountability
#16
Soo-Hoon Lee, Dale A Fisher, Heidi Mah, Wei-Ping Goh, Phillip H Phan
Objective: To review a quality improvement event on the process of sign-outs between the primary and on-call residents. Design: A retrospective qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Setting: A tertiary academic medical center in Singapore with 283 inpatient Medicine beds served by 28 consultants, 29 registrars, 45 residents and 30 interns during the day but 5 residents and 3 interns at night. Participants: Residents, registrars and consultants...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991849/u-s-physician-scientist-workforce-in-the-21st-century-recommendations-to-attract-and-sustain-the-pipeline
#17
Robert A Salata, Mark W Geraci, Don C Rockey, Melvin Blanchard, Nancy J Brown, Lucien J Cardinal, Maria Garcia, Michael P Madaio, James D Marsh, Robert F Todd
The U.S. physician-scientist (PS) workforce is invaluable to the nation's biomedical research effort. It is through biomedical research that certain diseases have been eliminated, cures for others have been discovered, and medical procedures and therapies that save lives have been developed. Yet, the U.S. PS workforce has both declined and aged over the last several years. The resulting decreased inflow and outflow to the PS pipeline renders the system vulnerable to collapsing suddenly as the senior workforce retires...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991842/medical-school-factors-that-prepare-students-to-become-leaders-in-medicine
#18
Louise Arnold, Paul G Cuddy, Susan B Hathaway, Jennifer L Quaintance, Steven L Kanter
PURPOSE: To identify medical school factors graduates in major leadership positions perceive as contributing to their leadership development. METHOD: Using a phenomenological, qualitative approach, in August-November 2015 the authors conducted semistructured interviews with 48 medical leaders who were 1976-1999 baccalaureate-MD graduates of the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine (UMKC). At UMKC, they participated in longitudinal learning communities, the centerpiece for learning professional values and behaviors plus clinical skills, knowledge, and judgment, but received no formal leadership instruction...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991841/leading-by-example-role-modeling-resilience-helps-our-learners-and-ourselves
#19
Mona M Abaza, Kathleen G Nelson
The issues of burnout and its consequences are some of the most prevalent topics in conversations about the practice of medicine today. Many reports have focused on the contributors that fuel this epidemic, but the time has come to begin to focus on solutions. Prominent national efforts, including a National Academy of Medicine collaborative task force and the 2017 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education common program requirements' focus on wellness, are presenting opportunities for academic medicine faculty to take the lead in turning this tide...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990944/the-opinion-of-turkish-cardiologists-on-current-malpractice-system-and-an-alternative-patient-compensation-system-proposal-pcs-study-group
#20
Ayhan Olcay, Sadık Volkan Emren, Gamze Babür Güler, Ekrem Güler, Vedat Ertunç, Rida Berilgen, Abdullah Aslan, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük, Kıvanç Yalın
OBJECTIVE: Cardiologists participate in the diagnosis and interventional treatment of numerous high-risk patients. The goal of this study was to investigate how the current malpractice system in Turkey influences cardiologists' diagnostic and interventional behavior and to obtain their opinions about an alternative patient compensation system. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study assessed the practice of defensive medicine among cardiologists who are actively working in various types of workplace within the Turkish healthcare system...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
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