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Charlotte L Hall, Marilyn James, Sue Brown, Jennifer L Martin, Nikki Brown, Kim Selby, Julie Clarke, Hena Vijayan, Boliang Guo, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J Groom
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. To improve outcomes, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ADHD guidelines recommend regular monitoring of symptoms when children commence medication. However, research suggests that routine monitoring rarely happens, and clinicians often rely on subjective information such as reports from parents and teachers to ascertain improvement...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
B Wang, X Liu, H Liu, J Guo, T Zhang, N Zhou, Y Ma, H Yu, L Chen, Z Ren, K Fan, X Tian
AIM: To investigate the differences in mRNA and protein expressions of MDM2 (mouse double minute 2 homolog) and P73 in cancer and cancer-adjacent tissues in patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the protein expressions of MDM2 and P73 in lung cancer and cancer-adjacent tissues in NSCLC patients by IHC (immunohistochemistry) and WB (Western blot). We divided the NSCLC patients into two subgroups, adenocarcinoma and squamous carcinoma...
February 13, 2018: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
J Zhao, N Guo, L Zhang, L Wang
INTRODUCTION: CA125 has poor sensitivity and low specificity for detecting early ovarian cancer. Serum ferritin is elevated in many malignancies. We evaluated the performance of ferritin alone and in combination with CA125 as a diagnostic tool to detect epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: CA125 and ferritin were detected in the serum of 50 healthy control (HC), 50 women with benign gynaecological conditions and 124 women with EOC. The relationship between serum ferritin and CA125 and each of the clinicopathological parameters was assessed, and their diagnostic accuracy for discriminating ovarian cancer determined...
February 16, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
J C Han, J G Wang, G H Chen, J L Zhang, N Zhang, H X Qu, Y Guo, Y F Yan, X J Yang
1α-Hydroxycholecalciferol (1α-OH-D3) is a vitamin D derivative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1α-OH-D3 on the growth and the mRNA expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the small intestine and kidney of chickens. A total of 240 males of one-day-old Ross 308 broilers was randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 5 replicates of 12 birds per replicate. Three levels of 1α-OH-D3 (1.25, 2.5, and 5 μg/kg) were added to a basal diet containing 0.50% calcium (Ca), 0.25% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP), and without supplemental cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
J Lin, J-C Ma, J Yang, J-Y Yin, X-X Chen, H Guo, X-M Wen, T-J Zhang, W Qian, J Qian, Z-Q Deng
Cancer-testis (CT) antigens, rarely in normal tissues except testis, are expressed in many tumor types. In recent years, DDX43 has been shown to be expressed in several malignancies. However, the role of DDX43 during tumorigenesis is not well established. In the present study, we explored the function of DDX43 in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We found that DDX43 overexpression in CML cell lines enhanced survival and colony formation, inhibited cell apoptosis, promoted tumorigenesis, and CML progression. In contrast, silencing of DDX43 inhibited cell survival and tumorigenesis...
February 16, 2018: Oncogene
Zhenhua Chai, Nanzhong He, Zhaoli Guo, Baochang Shi
In this paper, a general lattice Boltzmann (LB) model is proposed for the high-order nonlinear partial differential equation with the form ∂_{t}ϕ+∑_{k=1}^{m}α_{k}∂_{x}^{k}Π_{k}(ϕ)=0 (1≤k≤m≤6), α_{k} are constant coefficients, Π_{k}(ϕ) are some known differential functions of ϕ. As some special cases of the high-order nonlinear partial differential equation, the classical (m)KdV equation, KdV-Burgers equation, K(n,n)-Burgers equation, Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, and Kawahara equation can be solved by the present LB model...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Jack J Huang, Maria Francesconi, Madeline H Cooper, Allyson Covello, Michelle Guo, Soheyla D Gharib
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a campus community health worker program (HealthPALs) on student influenza vaccination. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate students at a northeastern US university (enrollment 6650), influenza seasons 2011-2012 through 2015-2016. METHODS: Study design: Difference-in-differences analysis of student vaccination at campus dormitory influenza clinics during intervention vs. baseline. INTERVENTION: In the first intervention year, HealthPALs conducted in-person peer outreach at several campus dormitory flu clinics...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
QingQing Wang, Lili Guo, Cassandra J Strawser, Lauren A Hauser, Wei-Ting Hwang, Nathaniel W Snyder, David R Lynch, Clementina Mesaros, Ian A Blair
Friedreich's ataxia (FA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, which results primarily from reduced expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin. FA has an estimated prevalence of one in 50,000 in the population, making it the most common hereditary ataxia. Paradoxically, mortality arises most frequently from cardiomyopathy and cardiac failure rather than from neurological effects. Decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-l) levels in the general population are associated with an increased risk of mortality from cardiomyopathy and heart failure...
2018: PloS One
Peter F Svider, Khashayar Arianpour, Eric Guo, Elana Folbe, Giancarlo Zuliani, Hosheng Lin, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There has been growing recognition of the roles prescription drug misuse and diversion play in facilitating the ongoing opioid epidemic. Our objective was to evaluate opioid prescription patterns among practicing otolaryngologists. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a CMS database. METHODS: Medicare Part D beneficiary data (2015) were accessed for a list of otolaryngologists. Opioid prescription rates, amount, and supply were calculated...
February 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Martesa Tantra, Lanboling Guo, Jinsook Kim, Norliyana Zainolabidin, George J Augustine, Volker Eulenburg, Albert I Chen
Inhibitory interneurons mediate the gating of synaptic transmission and modulate the activities of neural circuits. Disruption of the function of inhibitory networks in the forebrain is linked to impairment of social and cognitive behaviors, but the involvement of inhibitory interneurons in the cerebellum has not been assessed. We found that Cadherin 13 (Cdh13), a gene implicated in autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, is specifically expressed in Golgi cells within the cerebelluar cortex...
February 15, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
T P Hou, K M Wu, W M Liu, M J Peet, C N Hulme-Smith, L Guo, L Zhuang
Understanding the nature of the magnetic-field-induced precipitation behaviors represents a major step forward towards unravelling the real nature of interesting phenomena in Fe-based alloys and especially towards solving the key materials problem for the development of fusion energy. Experimental results indicate that the applied high magnetic field effectively promotes the precipitation of M 23 C 6 carbides. We build an integrated method, which breaks through the limitations of zero temperature and zero external field, to concentrate on the dependence of the stability induced by the magnetic effect, excluding the thermal effect...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Z M Jiang, H B Qiu, S Q Wang, J Guo, Z W Yang, S B Zhou
Ganoderma lucidum extracts have shown antiepileptic effects in in vivo and in vitro studies. In this work, primary hippocampal neurons cultured in magnesium-free medium were used to study the neuroprotective effects of ganoderic acid A and B (GA-A and GA-B) on superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and mitochondrial membrane potential, to improve our understanding of their antiepileptic effect. The activity of SOD was determined by the xanthine oxidase assay, the variations of mitochondrial membrane potential and cell apoptosis were measured by JC-1 fluorescent staining and flow cytometry...
February 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
Haofei Zhang, Lindsay D Yee, Ben H Lee, Michael P Curtis, David R Worton, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, John H Offenberg, Michael Lewandowski, Tadeusz E Kleindienst, Melinda R Beaver, Amara L Holder, William A Lonneman, Kenneth S Docherty, Mohammed Jaoui, Havala O T Pye, Weiwei Hu, Douglas A Day, Pedro Campuzano-Jost, Jose L Jimenez, Hongyu Guo, Rodney J Weber, Joost de Gouw, Abigail R Koss, Eric S Edgerton, William Brune, Claudia Mohr, Felipe D Lopez-Hilfiker, Anna Lutz, Nathan M Kreisberg, Steve R Spielman, Susanne V Hering, Kevin R Wilson, Joel A Thornton, Allen H Goldstein
The chemical complexity of atmospheric organic aerosol (OA) has caused substantial uncertainties in understanding its origins and environmental impacts. Here, we provide constraints on OA origins through compositional characterization with molecular-level details. Our results suggest that secondary OA (SOA) from monoterpene oxidation accounts for approximately half of summertime fine OA in Centreville, AL, a forested area in the southeastern United States influenced by anthropogenic pollution. We find that different chemical processes involving nitrogen oxides, during days and nights, play a central role in determining the mass of monoterpene SOA produced...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Juliane Schneider, Céline J Fischer Fumeaux, Emma G Duerden, Ting Guo, Justin Foong, Myriam Bickle Graz, Patric Hagmann, M Mallar Chakravarty, Petra S Hüppi, Lydie Beauport, Anita C Truttmann, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Optimizing early nutritional intake in preterm neonates may promote brain health and neurodevelopment through enhanced brain maturation. Our objectives were (1) to determine the association of energy and macronutrient intake in the first 2 weeks of life with regional and total brain growth and white matter (WM) maturation, assessed by 3 serial MRI scans in preterm neonates; (2) to examine how critical illness modifies this association; and (3) to investigate the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics
Baoqing Guo, Hanjun Kim, Ying Zheng, Huigang Shen, Roman M Pogranichniy, Kent J Schwartz, Ganwu Li, Kyoung-Jin Yoon
We report for the first time in the United States the identification of a swine pasivirus (SPaV) strain with a genomic sequence identity of less than 80% to other SPaVs reported in Europe and China, using a next-generation sequencing (NGS) technique in sow tissues collected from an animal study conducted in 2001, suggesting virus circulation in domestic swine.
February 8, 2018: Genome Announcements
V Y-W Guo, E Y-T Yu, C K-H Wong, R W-S Sit, J H-L Wang, C L-K Lam
AIM: We aimed to determine the prospective association between baseline triglyceridaemic-waist phenotypes and diabetic mellitus incidence in individuals with impaired fasting glucose seen in primary care. METHODS: A cohort of 1101 participants (84.4% of the recruited individuals) with impaired fasting glucose were recruited from three primary care clinics during regular follow-ups to monitor their chronic conditions. Baseline triglyceridaemic-waist phenotypes were divided into four groups: (1) normal waistline and triglyceride level (n = 252); (2) isolated central obesity (n = 518); (3) isolated high triglyceride level (n = 80); and (4) central obesity with high triglyceride level (i...
February 13, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Zhilong Chen, Jiangping Song, Liang Chen, Chaoqun Zhu, Hanfang Cai, Mingming Sun, Allysa Stern, Paul Mozdziak, Ying Ge, Warrie J Means, Wei Guo
Titin ( TTN ) is a major disease-causing gene in cardiac muscle. Titin ( TTN ) contains 363 exons in human encoding various sizes of TTN protein due to alternative splicing regulated mainly by RNA binding motif 20 (RBM20). Three isoforms of TTN protein are produced by mutually exclusive exons 45 (Novex 1), 46 (Novex 2), and 48 (Novex 3). Alternatively splicing in Novex isoforms across species and whether Novex isoforms are associated with heart disease remains completely unknown. Cross-species exon comparison with the mVISTA online tool revealed that exon 45 is more highly conserved across all species than exons 46 and 48...
February 13, 2018: Genes
Yin Yang, Vytas Reipa, Guo Liu, Yuan Meng, Xiaohong Wang, Kenneth P Mineart, Vivek M Prabhu, Wenyuan Shi, Nancy J Lin, Xuesong He, Jirun Sun
Stimuli-responsive compounds that provide on-site, controlled antimicrobial activity promise an effective approach to prevent infections, reducing the need for systemic antibiotics. We present one novel pH-sensitive quaternary pyridinium salt (QPS) whose antibacterial activity is boosted by low pH and controlled by adjusting the pH between 4 and 8. Particularly, this compound selectively inhibits growth of acid-producing bacteria within a multispecies community. The successful antibacterial action of this QPS maintains the environmental pH above 5...
February 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sujuan Guo, Kevin J Pridham, Ching-Man Virbasius, Bin He, Liqing Zhang, Hanne Varmark, Michael R Green, Zhi Sheng
Dysregulated autophagy is central to the pathogenesis and therapeutic development of cancer. However, how autophagy is regulated in cancer is not well understood and genes that modulate cancer autophagy are not fully defined. To gain more insights into autophagy regulation in cancer, we performed a large-scale RNA interference screen in K562 human chronic myeloid leukemia cells using monodansylcadaverine staining, an autophagy-detecting approach equivalent to immunoblotting of the autophagy marker LC3B or fluorescence microscopy of GFP-LC3B...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xichen Bao, Xiangpeng Guo, Menghui Yin, Muqddas Tariq, Yiwei Lai, Shahzina Kanwal, Jiajian Zhou, Na Li, Yuan Lv, Carlos Pulido-Quetglas, Xiwei Wang, Lu Ji, Muhammad J Khan, Xihua Zhu, Zhiwei Luo, Changwei Shao, Do-Hwan Lim, Xiao Liu, Nan Li, Wei Wang, Minghui He, Yu-Lin Liu, Carl Ward, Tong Wang, Gong Zhang, Dongye Wang, Jianhua Yang, Yiwen Chen, Chaolin Zhang, Ralf Jauch, Yun-Gui Yang, Yangming Wang, Baoming Qin, Minna-Liisa Anko, Andrew P Hutchins, Hao Sun, Huating Wang, Xiang-Dong Fu, Biliang Zhang, Miguel A Esteban
We combine the labeling of newly transcribed RNAs with 5-ethynyluridine with the characterization of bound proteins. This approach, named capture of the newly transcribed RNA interactome using click chemistry (RICK), systematically captures proteins bound to a wide range of RNAs, including nascent RNAs and traditionally neglected nonpolyadenylated RNAs. RICK has identified mitotic regulators amongst other novel RNA-binding proteins with preferential affinity for nonpolyadenylated RNAs, revealed a link between metabolic enzymes/factors and nascent RNAs, and expanded the known RNA-bound proteome of mouse embryonic stem cells...
February 12, 2018: Nature Methods
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