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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245023/mild-cognitive-impairment-what-does-the-general-public-know-about-this-health-condition
#1
R Alhasani, J Abed, N Karegar, E Redmond, Y Guo, G Wasserlauf, D Goldberg, C Kwok, N Bier, P Belchior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244066/electrocardiographic-and-electrophysiologic-differentiation-between-atriofascicular-long-atrioventricular-and-short-atrioventricular-decrementally-conducting-accessory-pathways
#2
Jian-Du Yang, Gong-Bu Zhou, Qi Sun, Xiao-Gang Guo, Xu Liu, Bin Luo, Hui-Qiang Wei, Jackson J Liang, Shuanglun Xie, Fei-Fan Ouyang, Jian Ma
Aims: We aimed to examine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic characteristics of anterograde-conducting decremental accessory pathways (DAP) and to identify surrogate criteria to distinguish short atrioventricular (SAV) DAP from atriofascicular (AF) AP and long atrioventricular (LAV) DAP. Methods and results: We identified all patients with DAPs and analysed electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic characteristics. Distal insertion sites were examined using existing criteria, including V-H interval, ventricular activation at the right ventricular apex, and around tricuspid annulus during antidromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (A-AVRT) or complete pre-excitation and evaluated the AV node-like properties according to the response to adenosine and radiofrequency ablation...
December 13, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243782/evaluation-of-clinical-significance-of-endoglin-expression-during-breast-cancer-and-its-correlation-with-er-and-pcna
#3
J-L Guo, S-Q Gu, Y Li, X-Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The present study is aimed to investigate the expression of Endoglin during breast cancer. Moreover, its clinical pathological significance, as well as correlation with estrogen receptor (ER) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), were also studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were utilized to study PCNA mRNA, ER, Endoglin and protein expression. Immunohistochemistry analysis was conducted to determine the expression of Endoglin, ER, and PCNA protein in breast cancer tissue and adjacent cancer tissue...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243515/alkaloids-from-juglans-mandshurica-maxim-induce-distinctive-cell-death-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#4
Li-Li Lou, Zhuo-Yang Cheng, Rui Guo, Guo-Dong Yao, Shao-Jiang Song
The aim of this work was to further investigate the anticancer potential of Juglans mandshurica Maxim, including the separation of active constituents and their anti-proliferative effects with underlying mechanism of action. Five alkaloids (1-5) were isolated from the bark of J. mandshurica. Among them, 1 showed the highest cytotoxic activities against Hep3B and HepG2 cells with an IC50 values of 61.80 and 56.24 μM, respectively. Therefore, the cellular mechanism involved 1 was subsequently studied. Our results showed that 1 markedly caused apoptosis and autophagy, but without cell cycle arrest in HepG2 cells...
December 15, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242645/retinal-angiogenesis-regulates-astrocytic-differentiation-in-neonatal-mouse-retinas-by-oxygen-dependent-mechanisms
#5
Li-Juan Duan, Sarah J Pan, Thomas N Sato, Guo-Hua Fong
In mice, retinal vascular and astrocyte networks begin to develop at birth, expanding radially from the optic nerve head (ONH) towards the retinal periphery. The retinal vasculature grows towards the periphery ahead of differentiated astrocytes, but behind astrocytic progenitor cells (APCs) and immature astrocytes. Endothelial cell specific Vegfr-2 disruption in newborn mice not only blocked retinal vascular development but also suppressed astrocytic differentiation, reducing the abundance of differentiated astrocytes while causing the accumulation of precursors...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241028/a-latent-class-analysis-of-ptsd-symptoms-among-inner-city-primary-care-patients
#6
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo, Limin Peng, Megan Warnock, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
OBJECTIVES: Examine evidence for different subclasses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of trauma exposed, low-income, predominantly African American men and women. Assess the relationship between PTSD subclasses with major depressive disorder (MDD) and types of trauma experienced. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) using a multivariate normal mixture model on the 17-item PTSD Symptom Scale (PSS) was used to identify latent subclasses of PTSD symptoms (N = 5063)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240147/bismuth-doped-all-fiber-mode-locked-laser-operating-at-1340%C3%A2-%C3%A2-nm
#7
N K Thipparapu, C Guo, A A Umnikov, P Barua, A Taranta, J K Sahu
We demonstrate a 1340 nm mode-locked Bismuth (Bi)-doped fiber laser without any saturable absorber. The effect of pump power on pulse width is studied, and a variation from 1.5 to 3 ns is reported. The output of the mode-locked Bi-doped fiber laser is further amplified using a master oscillator power amplifier configuration, and a peak power of 1.15 W is achieved. Soliton bunching is observed, and a true pulse width of 1.2 ps is reported from the measured autocorrelation trace. Stable operation of the mode-locked laser is verified from the radio-frequency spectrum with a fundamental repetition rate of 6...
December 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239518/oxygen-vacancies-dominated-nis2-cos2-interface-porous-nanowires-for-portable-zn-air-batteries-driven-water-splitting-devices
#8
Jie Yin, Yuxuan Li, Fan Lv, Min Lu, Ke Sun, Wei Wang, Lei Wang, Fangyi Cheng, Yefei Li, Pinxian Xi, Shaojun Guo
The development of highly active and stable oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts is crucial for improving the efficiency of water splitting and metal-air battery devices. Herein, an efficient strategy is demonstrated for making the oxygen vacancies dominated cobalt-nickel sulfide interface porous nanowires (NiS2 /CoS2 -O NWs) for boosting OER catalysis through in situ electrochemical reaction of NiS2 /CoS2 interface NWs. Because of the abundant oxygen vacancies and interface porous nanowires structure, they can catalyze the OER efficiently with a low overpotential of 235 mV at j = 10 mA cm-2 and remarkable long-term stability in 1...
December 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239495/comparisons-between-traditional-medicines-and-pharmacotherapies-for-alzheimer-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cognitive-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Brian H May, Mei Feng, Anna J Hyde, Helmut Hügel, Su-Yueh Chang, Lin Dong, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony L Zhang, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie C Xue
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical evidence for traditional medicines (TMs) used in East Asia on measures of cognition in Alzheimer disease, determine the effect sizes at different time points for the TMs and pharmacotherapies, and assess the tolerability of the TMs. METHODS: We searched 12 databases in English, Chinese, and Japanese for eligible randomised controlled trials that compared orally administered TMs with pharmacotherapy and reported cognitive outcomes...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238053/trends-in-rate-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-patients-aged-30-years
#10
Xiaofan Guo, Zhao Li, Eric Vittinghoff, Yingxian Sun, Mark J Pletcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237706/patient-characteristics-resource-use-and-outcomes-associated-with-general-internal-medicine-hospital-care-the-general-medicine-inpatient-initiative-gemini-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Amol A Verma, Yishan Guo, Janice L Kwan, Lauren Lapointe-Shaw, Shail Rawal, Terence Tang, Adina Weinerman, Peter Cram, Irfan A Dhalla, Stephen W Hwang, Andreas Laupacis, Muhammad M Mamdani, Steven Shadowitz, Ross Upshur, Robert J Reid, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The precise scope of hospital care delivered under general internal medicine services remains poorly quantified. The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic characteristics, medical conditions, health outcomes and resource use of patients admitted to general internal medicine at 7 hospital sites in the Greater Toronto Area. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study involving all patients who were admitted to or discharged from general internal medicine at the study sites between Apr...
December 11, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237586/using-social-media-data-to-understand-the-impact-of-promotional-information-on-laypeople-s-discussions-a-case-study-of-lynch-syndrome
#12
Jiang Bian, Yunpeng Zhao, Ramzi G Salloum, Yi Guo, Mo Wang, Mattia Prosperi, Hansi Zhang, Xinsong Du, Laura J Ramirez-Diaz, Zhe He, Yuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Social media is being used by various stakeholders among pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, health care organizations, professionals, and news media as a way of engaging audiences to raise disease awareness and ultimately to improve public health. Nevertheless, it is unclear what effects this health information has on laypeople. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a detailed examination of how promotional health information related to Lynch syndrome impacts laypeople's discussions on a social media platform (Twitter) in terms of topic awareness and attitudes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232439/body-mass-index-and-breast-cancer-survival-a-mendelian-randomization-analysis
#13
Qi Guo, Stephen Burgess, Constance Turman, Manjeet K Bolla, Qin Wang, Michael Lush, Jean Abraham, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Carmel Apicella, Volker Arndt, Myrto Barrdahl, Javier Benitez, Christine D Berg, Carl Blomqvist, Stig E Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Judith S Brand, Hermann Brenner, Annegien Broeks, Barbara Burwinkel, Carlos Caldas, Daniele Campa, Federico Canzian, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen J Chanock, Suet-Feung Chin, Fergus J Couch, Angela Cox, Simon S Cross, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Peter Devilee, W Ryan Diver, Alison M Dunning, Helena M Earl, Diana M Eccles, Arif B Ekici, Mikael Eriksson, D Gareth Evans, Peter A Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Henrik Flyger, Susan M Gapstur, Mia M Gaudet, Graham G Giles, Gord Glendon, Mervi Grip, Jacek Gronwald, Lothar Haeberle, Christopher A Haiman, Per Hall, Ute Hamann, Susan Hankinson, Jaana M Hartikainen, Alexander Hein, Louise Hiller, Frans B Hogervorst, Bernd Holleczek, Maartje J Hooning, Robert N Hoover, Keith Humphreys, David J Hunter, Anika Hüsing, Anna Jakubowska, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Rudolf Kaaks, Maria Kabisch, Vesa Kataja, Julia A Knight, Linetta B Koppert, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela N Kristensen, Diether Lambrechts, Loic Le Marchand, Jingmei Li, Annika Lindblom, Sara Lindström, Jolanta Lissowska, Jan Lubinski, Mitchell J Machiela, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Sara Margolin, Federik Marme, John W M Martens, Catriona McLean, Primitiva Menéndez, Roger L Milne, Anna Marie Mulligan, Taru A Muranen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Sune F Nielsen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Janet E Olson, Jose I A Perez, Paolo Peterlongo, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Christopher J Poole, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Nazneen Rahman, Thomas Rüdiger, Anja Rudolph, Elinor J Sawyer, Fredrick Schumacher, Petra Seibold, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Ann Smeets, Melissa C Southey, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Ian Tomlinson, Helen Tsimiklis, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Celine Vachon, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Laura J Van't Veer, Hans Wildiers, Walter Willett, Robert Winqvist, M Pilar Zamora, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Thilo Dörk, Douglas F Easton, Montserrat García-Closas, Peter Kraft, John L Hopper, Wei Zheng, Marjanka K Schmidt, Paul D P Pharoah
Background: There is increasing evidence that elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with reduced survival for women with breast cancer. However, the underlying reasons remain unclear. We conducted a Mendelian randomization analysis to investigate a possible causal role of BMI in survival from breast cancer. Methods: We used individual-level data from six large breast cancer case-cohorts including a total of 36 210 individuals (2475 events) of European ancestry...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230811/whole-exome-sequencing-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-reveals-mutational-profile-and-therapeutic-targets
#14
Jiong Lyu, Zhijian Song, Jianhua Chen, Matthew J Shepard, Hao Song, Guoxin Ren, Zhiqiang Li, Wei Guo, Zhengping Zhuang, Yongyong Shi
Oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) is rare and aggressive subtype of melanoma with little known about its pathogenesis carcinogenesis. We therefore performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) on 19 matched OMM tumor/normal pairs in order to gain insight on potential genetic drivers of tumor formation. For the first time we describe the comprehensive mutational profile of OMM. Our data suggests that the genetic background of OMM differs from those of other melanoma subtypes. We identified recurrent mutations involving KIT, POLE,PTPRD, PTCHD2 and DMXL2...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230703/combinatorics-of-contacts-in-protein-contact-maps
#15
Qiang-Hui Guo, Lisa H Sun
Contacts play a fundamental role in the study of protein structure and folding problems. The contact map of a protein can be represented by arranging its amino acids on a horizontal line and drawing an arc between two residues if they form a contact. In this paper, we are mainly concerned with the combinatorial enumeration of the arcs in m-regular linear stack, an elementary structure of the protein contact map, which was introduced by Chen et al. (J Comput Biol 21(12):915-935, 2014). We modify the generating function for m-regular linear stacks by introducing a new variable y regarding to the number of arcs and obtain an equation satisfied by the generating function for m-regular linear stacks with n vertices and k arcs...
December 11, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230065/the-toll-like-receptor-2-6-agonist-fsl-1-lipopeptide-therapeutically-mitigates-acute-radiation-syndrome
#16
Cathryn J Kurkjian, Hao Guo, Nathan D Montgomery, Ning Cheng, Hong Yuan, Joseph R Merrill, Gregory D Sempowski, W June Brickey, Jenny P-Y Ting
Risks of radiation exposure from nuclear incidents and cancer radiotherapy are undeniable realities. These dangers urgently compel the development of agents for ameliorating radiation-induced injuries. Biologic pathways mediated by myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88), the common adaptor for toll-like receptor (TLR) and Interleukin-1 receptor signaling, are critical for radioprotection. Treating with agonists prior to radiation enhances survival by activating TLR signaling, whereas radiomitigating TLR-activating therapeutics given after exposure are less defined...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228924/the-photosynthetic-and-structural-differences-between-leaves-and-siliques-of-brassica-napus-exposed-to-potassium-deficiency
#17
Zhifeng Lu, Yonghui Pan, Wenshi Hu, Rihuan Cong, Tao Ren, Shiwei Guo, Jianwei Lu
BACKGROUND: Most studies of photosynthesis in chlorenchymas under potassium (K) deficiency focus exclusively on leaves; however, little information is available on the physiological role of K on reproductive structures, which play a critical role in plant carbon gain. Brassica napus L., a natural organ-succession species, was used to compare the morphological, anatomical and photo-physiological differences between leaves and siliques exposed to K-deficiency. RESULTS: Compared to leaves, siliques displayed considerably lower CO2 assimilation rates (A) under K-deficient (-K) or sufficient conditions (+K), limited by decreased stomatal conductance (g s), apparent quantum yield (α) and carboxylation efficiency (CE), as well as the ratio of the maximum rate of electron transport (J max) and the maximum rate of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylation (V cmax)...
December 11, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228904/comparative-ribosome-profiling-uncovers-a-dominant-role-for-translational-control-in-toxoplasma-gondii
#18
Musa A Hassan, Juan J Vasquez, Chew Guo-Liang, Markus Meissner, T Nicolai Siegel
BACKGROUND: The lytic cycle of the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which involves a brief sojourn in the extracellular space, is characterized by defined transcriptional profiles. For an obligate intracellular parasite that is shielded from the cytosolic host immune factors by a parasitophorous vacuole, the brief entry into the extracellular space is likely to exert enormous stress. Due to its role in cellular stress response, we hypothesize that translational control plays an important role in regulating gene expression in Toxoplasma during the lytic cycle...
December 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227281/targeting-mcl-1-enhances-dna-replication-stress-sensitivity-to-cancer-therapy
#19
Guo Chen, Andrew T Magis, Ke Xu, Dongkyoo Park, David S Yu, Taofeek K Owonikoko, Gabriel L Sica, Sarah W Satola, Suresh S Ramalingam, Walter J Curran, Paul W Doetsch, Xingming Deng
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are mainly repaired either by homologous recombination (HR) or by nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathways. Here, we showed that myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1 (Mcl-1) acts as a functional switch in selecting between HR and NHEJ pathways. Mcl-1 was cell cycle-regulated during HR, with its expression peaking in S/G2 phase. While endogenous Mcl-1 depletion reduced HR and enhanced NHEJ, Mcl-1 overexpression resulted in a net increase in HR over NHEJ. Mcl-1 directly interacted with the dimeric Ku protein complex via its Bcl-2 homology 1 and 3 (BH1 and BH3) domains, which are required for Mcl-1 to inhibit Ku-mediated NHEJ...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225493/a%C3%A2-post-gurney-quantum-mechanical-perspective-on-the-electrolysis-of-water-ion-neutralization-in-solution
#20
Enyi Guo, David R McKenzie
Electron fluxes crossing the interface between a metallic conductor and an aqueous environment are important in many fields; hydrogen production, environmental scanning tunnelling microscopy, scanning electrochemical microscopy being some of them. Gurney (Gurney 1931 Proc. R. Soc. Lond.134, 137 (doi:10.1098/rspa.1931.0187)) provided in 1931 a scheme for tunnelling during electrolysis and outlined conditions for it to occur. We measure the low-voltage current flows between gold electrodes in pure water and use the time-dependent behaviour at voltage switch-on and switch-off to evaluate the relative contribution to the steady current arising from tunnelling of electrons between the electrodes and ions in solution and from the neutralization of ions adsorbed onto the electrode surface...
November 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
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