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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092705/o-h-activation-by-an-unexpected-ferryl-intermediate-during-catalysis-by-2-hydroxyethylphosphonate-dioxygenase
#1
Spencer C Peck, Chen Wang, Laura M K Dassama, Bo Zhang, Yisong Guo, Lauren J Rajakovich, J Martin Bollinger, Carsten Krebs, Wilfred A van der Donk
Activation of O-H bonds by inorganic metal-oxo complexes has been documented, but no cognate enzymatic process is known. Our mechanistic analysis of 2-hydroxyethylphosphonate dioxygenase (HEPD), which cleaves the C1-C2 bond of its substrate to afford hydroxymethylphosphonate on the biosynthetic pathway to the commercial herbicide phosphinothricin, uncovered an example of such an O-H-bond-cleavage event. Stopped-flow UV-visible absorption and freeze-quench Mössbauer experiments identified a transient iron(IV)-oxo (ferryl) complex...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091575/development-and-evaluation-of-a-high-density-genotyping-axiom_arachis-array-with-58%C3%A2-k-snps-for-accelerating-genetics-and-breeding-in-groundnut
#2
Manish K Pandey, Gaurav Agarwal, Sandip M Kale, Josh Clevenger, Spurthi N Nayak, Manda Sriswathi, Annapurna Chitikineni, Carolina Chavarro, Xiaoping Chen, Hari D Upadhyaya, Manish K Vishwakarma, Soraya Leal-Bertioli, Xuanqiang Liang, David J Bertioli, Baozhu Guo, Scott A Jackson, Peggy Ozias-Akins, Rajeev K Varshney
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most abundant DNA sequence variation in the genomes which can be used to associate genotypic variation to the phenotype. Therefore, availability of a high-density SNP array with uniform genome coverage can advance genetic studies and breeding applications. Here we report the development of a high-density SNP array 'Axiom_Arachis' with 58 K SNPs and its utility in groundnut genetic diversity study. In this context, from a total of 163,782 SNPs derived from DNA resequencing and RNA-sequencing of 41 groundnut accessions and wild diploid ancestors, a total of 58,233 unique and informative SNPs were selected for developing the array...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088967/-a-phase-%C3%A2-dose-escalating-trial-of-pegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-in-combination-with-cyclophosphamide-vincristine-and-prednisone-for-aggressive-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#3
W N Shen, D M Ji, K Xue, Q L Zhang, F F Lyu, X N Hong, J N Cao, Y Guo
Objective: To explore the maximum tolerated dose of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in combination with cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone as a modified CHOP regimen for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma were eligible for this trial. PLD was administered in cycle 1 and categorized into 4 dose level (30 mg/m(2), 35 mg/m(2), 40 mg/m(2), 45 mg/m(2) D1) according to a 3 + 3 approach for dose-escalation. Doxorubin was used in cycles 2-6...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088964/-the-influence-of-depression-degree-on-regulatory-t-cells-in-patients-with-non-m3-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#4
J Cao, B Yuan, P X Guo, H Q Zhu, Z Z Huang, Y He, Q Ding, Z Z Feng
Objective: To investigate the influence of depression levels on regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with non-M3 acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: A total of 63 patients with primarily diagnostic non-M3 AML and 25 healthy controls were enrolled, and the levels of depression by using HADM score and the percentages of Tregs by flow cytometry were evaluated in pre-treatment and post-treatment, respectively. Results: After every course of chemotherapy, the percentages of Tregs of PBMNC in AML showed the higher level of (6...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088717/removal-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-from-wastewater-treatment-plant-effluent-by-coagulation
#5
Na Li, Guo-Ping Sheng, Yong-Ze Lu, Raymond J Zeng, Han-Qing Yu
Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), as emerging environmental contaminants, have become a threat to human health. Recent studies have demonstrated that the effluent from wastewater treatment plants is a significant point source of ARGs released into the environment. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of coagulation technology in the removal of ARGs from treated wastewater. Specifically, we measured the removal of five ARGs (two sulfonamide resistance genes, sulI and sulII, and three tetracycline resistance genes, tetO, tetW and tetQ) and the class 1 integron intI1 gene via the application of two coagulants: FeCl3 and polyferric chloride (PFC)...
January 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087771/genome-wide-convergence-during-evolution-of-mangroves-from-woody-plants
#6
Shaohua Xu, Ziwen He, Zixiao Guo, Zhang Zhang, Gerald J Wyckoff, Anthony Greenberg, Chung-I Wu, Suhua Shi
When living organisms independently invade a new environment, the evolution of similar phenotypic traits is often observed. An interesting but contentious issue is whether the underlying molecular biology also converges in the new habitat. Independent invasions of tropical intertidal zones by woody plants, collectively referred to as mangrove trees, represent some dramatic examples. The high salinity, hypoxia and other stressors in the new habitat might have affected both genomic features and protein structures...
January 12, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078842/remission-effect-of-vitamin-c-on-isoflurane-induced-apoptosis-and-its-mechanism
#7
J Hu, B F Gao, H Q Li, Z Z Zhang, Y L Lei, G Q Sun, D M Guo
This study aims to discuss the remission effect of vitamin C on isoflurane-induced apoptosis of rats and its possible mechanism of action, to provide a theoretical basis for postoperative cognitive impairment. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) test, MTT method and Morris water maze were applied for detection tests. For data statistics, double factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc Bonferroni test were adopted. It was found that vitamin C could slow down the isoflurane-induced accumulation of ROS in H4-APP cells; moreover, it could relieve the activation of caspase-3 and increase cell survival rate to inhibit the occurrence of apoptosis, indicating that ROS was the source of cell toxicity...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078666/pediatric-erdheim-chester-disease-with-aggressive-skin-manifestations
#8
H-H Su, W Wu, Y Guo, H-D Chen, S-J Shan
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD), one type of systemic non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis, is uncommon and characterized by the accumulation of CD68+/CD1a- foamy histiocytes. It is extremely rare in children. The skin lesions of pediatric ECD was not systemically described before. We report a case of ECD in a 3.5 year old Chinese boy. The patient present with generalized skin and bone involvement for 3 years duration. Marked generalized annular maculopapular lesions with central atrophy which differed from previously reported adult xanthoma-like papules or periorbital xanthelasma-like lesions...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076776/ptc7p-dephosphorylates-select-mitochondrial-proteins-to-enhance-metabolic-function
#9
Xiao Guo, Natalie M Niemi, Paul D Hutchins, Samson G F Condon, Adam Jochem, Arne Ulbrich, Alan J Higbee, Jason D Russell, Alessandro Senes, Joshua J Coon, David J Pagliarini
Proper maintenance of mitochondrial activity is essential for metabolic homeostasis. Widespread phosphorylation of mitochondrial proteins may be an important element of this process; yet, little is known about which enzymes control mitochondrial phosphorylation or which phosphosites have functional impact. We investigate these issues by disrupting Ptc7p, a conserved but largely uncharacterized mitochondrial matrix PP2C-type phosphatase. Loss of Ptc7p causes respiratory growth defects concomitant with elevated phosphorylation of select matrix proteins...
January 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072413/decreased-hippocampal-translocator-protein-18%C3%A2-kda-expression-in-alcohol-dependence-a-11-c-pbr28-pet-study
#10
N J Kalk, Q Guo, D Owen, R Cherian, D Erritzoe, A Gilmour, A S Ribeiro, J McGonigle, A Waldman, P Matthews, J Cavanagh, I McInnes, K Dar, R Gunn, E A Rabiner, A R Lingford-Hughes
Repeated withdrawal from alcohol is clinically associated with progressive cognitive impairment. Microglial activation occurring during pre-clinical models of alcohol withdrawal is associated with learning deficits. We investigated whether there was microglial activation in recently detoxified alcohol-dependent patients (ADP), using [(11)C]PBR28 positron emission tomography (PET), selective for the 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO) highly expressed in activated microglia and astrocytes. We investigated the relationship between microglial activation and cognitive performance...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072411/the-early-growth-response-protein-1-mir-30a-5p-neurogenic-differentiation-factor-1-axis-as-a-novel-biomarker-for-schizophrenia-diagnosis-and-treatment-monitoring
#11
S Liu, F Zhang, Y Y Shugart, L Yang, X Li, Z Liu, N Sun, C Yang, X Guo, J Shi, L Wang, L Cheng, K Zhang, T Yang, Y Xu
To date, diagnosis of schizophrenia is still based on clinical interviews and careful observations, which is subjective and variable, and can lead to misdiagnosis and/or delay in diagnosis. As early intervention in schizophrenia is important in improving outcomes, objective tests that can be used for schizophrenia diagnosis or treatment monitoring are thus in great need. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) negatively regulate target gene expression and their biogenesis is tightly controlled by various factors including transcription factors (TFs)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072387/embryonic-origin-of-adult-stem-cells-required-for-tissue-homeostasis-and-regeneration
#12
Erin L Davies, Kai Lei, Christopher W Seidel, Amanda E Kroesen, Sean A McKinney, Longhua Guo, Sofia Mc Robb, Eric J Ross, Kirsten Gotting, Alejandro Sánchez Alvarado
Planarian neoblasts are pluripotent, adult somatic stem cells and lineage-primed progenitors required for production and maintenance of all differentiated cell types, including the germline. Neoblasts, originally defined as undifferentiated cells residing in the adult parenchyma, are frequently compared to embryonic stem cells yet their developmental origin remains obscure. We investigated the provenance of neoblasts during S. mediterranea embryogenesis, and report that neoblasts arise from an anarchic, cycling piwi-1+ population wholly responsible for production of all temporary and definitive organs during embryogenesis...
January 10, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071898/abnormal-multiple-charge-memory-states-in-exfoliated-few-layer-wse2-transistors
#13
Mikai Chen, Yifan Wang, Nathan Shepherd, Chad Huard, Jiantao Zhou, L J Guo, Wei Lu, Xiaogan Liang
To construct reliable nanoelectronic devices based on emerging 2D layered semiconductors, we need to understand the charge-trapping processes in such devices. Additionally, the identified charge-trapping schemes in such layered materials could be further exploited to make multibit (or highly desirable analog-tunable) memory devices. Here, we present a study on the abnormal charge-trapping or memory characteristics of few-layer WSe2 transistors. This work shows that multiple charge-trapping states with large extrema spacing, long retention time, and analog tunability can be excited in the transistors made from mechanically exfoliated few-layer WSe2 flakes, whereas they cannot be generated in widely studied few-layer MoS2 transistors...
January 12, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070014/lung-gene-expression-analysis-lgea-an-integrative-web-portal-for-comprehensive-gene-expression-data-analysis-in-lung-development
#14
Yina Du, Joseph A Kitzmiller, Anusha Sridharan, Anne K Perl, James P Bridges, Ravi S Misra, Gloria S Pryhuber, Thomas J Mariani, Soumyaroop Bhattacharya, Minzhe Guo, S Steven Potter, Phillip Dexheimer, Bruce Aronow, Alan H Jobe, Jeffrey A Whitsett, Yan Xu
'LungGENS', our previously developed web tool for mapping single-cell gene expression in the developing lung, has been well received by the pulmonary research community. With continued support from the 'LungMAP' consortium, we extended the scope of the LungGENS database to accommodate transcriptomics data from pulmonary tissues and cells from human and mouse at different stages of lung development. Lung Gene Expression Analysis (LGEA) web portal is an extended version of LungGENS useful for the analysis, display and interpretation of gene expression patterns obtained from single cells, sorted cell populations and whole lung tissues...
January 9, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067310/cumulative-resting-heart-rate-exposure-and-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-results-from-the-kailuan-cohort-study
#15
Quanhui Zhao, Haibin Li, Anxin Wang, Jin Guo, Junxing Yu, Yanxia Luo, Shuohua Chen, Lixin Tao, Yuqing Li, Aiping Li, Xiuhua Guo, Shouling Wu
The relationship between cumulative exposure to resting heart rate (cumRHR) and mortality remain unclear in the general population. In the Kailuan cohort study, resting heart rate (RHR) was repeatedly measured at baseline and at years 2 and 4 by electrocardiogram among 47,311 adults aged 48.70 ± 11.68. The cumRHR was defined as the summed average RHR between two consecutive examinations multiplied by the time interval between with two examinations [(beats/min) * year]. A higher RHR was defined as ≥80 beats/min, and the number of visits with a higher RHR was counted...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062602/methods-used-to-study-the-oligomeric-structure-of-g-protein-coupled-receptors
#16
Hui Guo, Su An, Richard J Ward, Yang Yang, Ying Liu, Xiao-Xi Guo, Qian Hao, Tian-Rui Xu
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), which constitute the largest family of cell surface receptors, were originally thought to function as monomers, but are now recognized as being able to act in a wide range of oligomeric states and indeed, it is known that the oligomerization state of a GPCR can modulate its pharmacology and function. A number of experimental techniques have been devised to study GPCR oligomerization including those based upon traditional biochemistry such as blue-native polyacrylamide gel-electrophoresis (BN-PAGE), co-immunoprecipitation and protein-fragment complementation assays, those based upon resonance energy transfer, fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), time-resolved FRET, FRET spectrometry and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)...
January 6, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061857/coordinated-regulation-of-acid-resistance-in-escherichia-coli
#17
Patricia Aquino, Brent Honda, Suma Jaini, Anna Lyubetskaya, Krutika Hosur, Joanna G Chiu, Iriny Ekladious, Dongjian Hu, Lin Jin, Marianna K Sayeg, Arion I Stettner, Julia Wang, Brandon G Wong, Winnie S Wong, Stephen L Alexander, Cong Ba, Seth I Bensussen, David B Bernstein, Dana Braff, Susie Cha, Daniel I Cheng, Jang Hwan Cho, Kenny Chou, James Chuang, Daniel E Gastler, Daniel J Grasso, John S Greifenberger, Chen Guo, Anna K Hawes, Divya V Israni, Saloni R Jain, Jessica Kim, Junyu Lei, Hao Li, David Li, Qian Li, Christopher P Mancuso, Ning Mao, Salwa F Masud, Cari L Meisel, Jing Mi, Christine S Nykyforchyn, Minhee Park, Hannah M Peterson, Alfred K Ramirez, Daniel S Reynolds, Nae Gyune Rim, Jared C Saffie, Hang Su, Wendell R Su, Yaqing Su, Meng Sun, Meghan M Thommes, Tao Tu, Nitinun Varongchayakul, Tyler E Wagner, Benjamin H Weinberg, Rouhui Yang, Anastasia Yaroslavsky, Christine Yoon, Yanyu Zhao, Alicia J Zollinger, Anne M Stringer, John W Foster, Joseph Wade, Sahadaven Raman, Natasha Broude, Wilson W Wong, James E Galagan
BACKGROUND: Enteric Escherichia coli survives the highly acidic environment of the stomach through multiple acid resistance (AR) mechanisms. The most effective system, AR2, decarboxylates externally-derived glutamate to remove cytoplasmic protons and excrete GABA. The first described system, AR1, does not require an external amino acid. Its mechanism has not been determined. The regulation of the multiple AR systems and their coordination with broader cellular metabolism has not been fully explored...
January 6, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060507/combining-internally-contracted-states-and-matrix-product-states-to-perform-multireference-perturbation-theory
#18
Sandeep Sharma, Gerald Knizia, Sheng Guo, Ali Alavi
We present two efficient and intruder-free methods for treating dynamic correlation on top of general multi-configuration reference wave functions---including such as obtained by the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) with large active spaces. The new methods are the second order variant of the recently proposed multi-reference linearized coupled cluster method (MRLCC) [S. Sharma, A. Alavi, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 102815 (2015)], and of N-electron valence perturbation theory (NEVPT2), with expected accuracies similar to MRCI+Q and (at least) CASPT2, respectively...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059475/reducing-uncertainty-when-using-knee-specific-finite-element-models-by-assessing-the-effect-of-input-parameters
#19
Hongqiang Guo, Thomas J Santner, Amy L Lerner, Suzanne A Maher
Little is known about knee-specific factors that influence contact mechanics. Finite Element (FE) models offer a powerful tool to study contact mechanics, but there often exists ambiguity in the exact values of the inputs (tissue properties, for example), which can result in a range of output values. Our objective was to quantify the reduction in the range of output values (defined herein as "uncertainty") from FE models of the human knee joint when known pre-defined values are used for clinically measurable inputs...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058223/acute-antibody-mediated-rejection-after-intestinal-transplantation
#20
Guo-Sheng Wu, Ruy J Cruz, Jun-Chao Cai
AIM: To investigate the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcomes of acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) after intestinal transplantation (ITx). METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis was performed to identify cases of acute ABMR after ITx, based on the presence of donor-specific antibody (DSA), acute tissue damage, C4d deposition, and allograft dysfunction. RESULTS: Acute ABMR was identified in 18 (10.3%) out of 175 intestinal allografts with an average occurrence of 10 d (range, 4-162) after ITx...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
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