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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928264/role-of-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-in-diagnosis-of-ocular-toxocariasis
#1
Qian Chen, Junxiang Gu, Rui Jiang, Min Zhou, Qing Chang
PURPOSE: To investigate ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) characteristics of patients with ocular toxocariasis (OT) and to explore the role of UBM in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of OT. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 78 eyes of 77 patients clinically consistent with OT and confirmed by serum and/or intraocular antibodies in a single tertiary centre (Fudan University Eye and ENT Hospital, Shanghai) between July 2009 and July 2016 were included in the study...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903131/association-of-o6-methylguanine-dna-methyltransferase-protein-expression-with-postoperative-prognosis-and-adjuvant-chemotherapeutic-benefits-among-patients-with-stage-ii-or-iii-gastric-cancer
#2
Yifan Cao, Hao Liu, He Li, Chao Lin, Ruochen Li, Songyang Wu, Heng Zhang, Hongyong He, Weijuan Zhang, Jiejie Xu
Importance: Loss of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) protein expression has been reported in several malignant tumors and predicts dismal survival outcomes. In gastric cancer, existing studies on this topic are limited and the association between MGMT and fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy remains obscure. Objective: To investigate the postoperative prognostic significance of MGMT in patients with resectable gastric cancer and its responsiveness to fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy...
September 13, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885778/histopathologic-follow-up-and-hpv-test-results-with-hsil-papanicolaou-test-results-in-china-s-largest-academic-women-s-hospital
#3
Xiang Tao, R Marshall Austin, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Jianan Xiao, Xianrong Zhou, Li Wang, Chengquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening in China is largely limited to occasional opportunistic screening in urban centers. The current study reports histopathologic follow-up and human papillomavirus (HPV) results in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) Papanicolaou (Pap) tests reported at the largest academic women's hospital in China and compares these findings with those of published Western studies among frequently screened women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study documented HSIL Pap tests, patient age, HPV results, and histopathologic follow-up from 2011 through 2015 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (OGHFU) in Shanghai, China...
September 8, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885273/a-comparative-study-of-video-endoscopic-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-and-conventional-open-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-for-treating-vulvar-cancer
#4
Menglei Zhang, Limei Chen, Xuyin Zhang, Jingxin Ding, Keqin Hua
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the complications, oncological outcomes, cosmetic satisfaction, and quality of life experienced by women with vulvar cancer undergoing video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VEIL) versus conventional open inguinal lymphadenectomy (COIL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive patients with vulvar cancer who underwent COIL (n = 27) or VEIL (n = 21) at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China between 2003 and 2016 were included in this retrospective cohort study...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841595/evaluation-of-palatal-bone-thickness-for-insertion-of-orthodontic-mini-implants-in-adults-and-adolescents
#5
Manying Wang, Yang Sun, Yuncheng Yu, Xiaojun Ding
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure palatal bone thickness and select relatively safe regions for mini-implant insertion, and to determine the effect of age and sex on palatal bone thickness and whether there is any difference between right and left sides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) evaluation was used on 107 healthy orthodontic patients, including 51 adolescents (12.90 ± 1.71 years) and 56 adults (26.09 ± 4...
September 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838879/transvenous-endovascular-treatment-for-scalp-arteriovenous-fistulas-results-with-combined-use-of-onyx-and-coils
#6
Wei Ni, Yanlong Tian, Yuxiang Gu, Ying Mao
OBJECT: Scalp arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are rare lesions and may occur spontaneously or secondary to head trauma. The standard treating strategy for these lesions has not been established to date. We present three cases of successful treatment of scalp AVFs using a combination of Onyx-18 and coils via a transvenous approach. METHODS: The database of patients at Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China was reviewed. The patients with scalp AVFs treated with Onyx-18 and coils via a transvenous approach were included...
August 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822449/-cytokine-profiles-of-cd4-t-memory-cells-in-asthma-and-their-relationship-with-asthma-severity
#7
C L Du, K Xu, Z H Min, D D Li, H L Yuan, C Liu, Z H Chen
Objective: To study the phenotype of memory CD4(+) T cells in peripheral blood of asthmatics and its relationship with asthma severity. Methods: From Dec 2014 to Aug 2015, thirty-three asthmatics, twenty-six chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and twenty-two healthy volunteers were enrolled in Respiratory Clinics of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from peripheral blood. Cell surface markers (CD45RO, CRTH2, CD62L, and CCR7) and intracellular protein[interleukin (IL)-5, IL-17, interferon (IFN)-γ]staining was performed using flow-cytometric techniques...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819401/identification-and-validation-of-soluble-carrier-family-expression-signature-for-predicting-poor-outcome-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#8
Wan Fangning, Ma Chunguang, Zhang Hailiang, Shi Guohai, Zhu Yao, Dai Bo, Shen Yijun, Zhu Yiping, Ye Dingwei
The soluble carrier (SLC) family plays an important role in cell metabolism. The purpose of the current study was to screen SLCs as potential prognostic factors in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). A total of 509 patients with ccRCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort were enrolled in this study. The expression profile of SLCs was obtained from the TCGA RNAseq database. Metadata of the TCGA cohort, including age, sex, TNM stage, tumor grade, American Joint Committee on Cancer stage, laterality, and overall survival, were collected...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804555/imp3-is-upregulated-in-primary-ovarian-mucinous-carcinoma-and-promotes-tumor-progression
#9
Qin Zhu, Yuqing Qu, Qiongyan Zhang, Linghui Lu, Weiwei Weng, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Yan Ning, Yiqin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Primary ovarian mucinous tumors progress from benign adenoma to borderline tumors to invasive mucinous carcinoma. A proper differential diagnosis is crucial to discriminate malignancies at the early stages of disease. However, few biomarkers are clinically available. We designed this study to analyze the clinical application of the oncogene IMP3 in monitoring early malignancies in ovarian primary mucinous tumors. METHODS: We collected 250 samples of ovarian primary mucinous tumors along with the corresponding clinicopathological information between 2009 and 2015 at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Hospital of Fudan University and performed immunochemical assays...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795665/-relationship-between-blood-lactate-level-and-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-diabetic-sepsis
#10
Yimei Liu, Minjie Ju, Simeng Pan, Hongyu He, Zhe Luo, Zhunyong Gu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic value of blood lactate (Lac) level in sepsis patients with or without diabetes. METHODS: 106 patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from April 2015 to November 2016 were enrolled. The patients with age > 18 years and the length of hospital stay > 24 hours were included. Records including blood Lac, serum creatinine (SCr), white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) on the first day of admission; minimum oxygen index (PaO2/FiO2) in 3 days after admission; mechanical ventilation, whether there was a history of diabetes, usage of biguanides, etiology control treatment, usage of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) were collected...
August 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790354/early-skeletal-muscle-loss-during-target-therapy-is-a-prognostic-biomarker-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients
#11
Weijie Gu, Junlong Wu, Xiaohang Liu, Hailiang Zhang, Guohai Shi, Yao Zhu, Dingwei Ye
Skeletal muscle depletion is common in patients with advanced cancer and may be associated with a poor outcome. To investigate whether the changes in skeletal muscle in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients receiving targeted therapy are associated with clinical outcome, we undertook an observational cohort study using data from a number of randomized clinical trials previously conducted at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. The muscle mass was evaluated by comparing computed tomography images obtained at baseline with those obtained after 3-4 months of treatment...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750644/a-retrospective-study-of-reproductive-outcomes-after-fertility-sparing-surgery-and-postoperative-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-and-sex-cord-stromal-tumors
#12
Ning Zhang, Ruifang Chen, Keqin Hua, Ying Zhang
BACKGROUND: To retrospectively investigate reproductive outcomes after fertility-sparing surgery and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCT) and sex cord-stromal tumors (SCST). METHODS: Data from 32 MOGCT (6 dysgerminomas, 6 yolk sac tumors, 17 immature teratomas, and 3 mixed germ cell tumors) and 9 SCST (4 granulosa cell tumors and 5 sertoli-leydig cell tumors) aged from 18 to 35, treated in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from October 2003 to October 2013 were collected and analyzed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749849/treatment-of-children-with-congenital-severe-blepharoptosis-by-frontalis-aponeurosis-flap-advancement-under-general-anesthesia-in-a-single-incision
#13
Jun Li, Chenbin Dong, XiangQi Liu, WeiJing He
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of frontalis aponeurosis flap advancement in children with congenital severe blepharoptosis. METHODS: A total of 23 cases (25 eyes) of children who had congenital severe blepharoptosis and poor levator function (≤4 mm) and received frontalis aponeurosis flap advancement treatment in the Plastic Surgery Department of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 1, 2013, to January 1, 2015, were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the postoperative effects...
September 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716168/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-house-dust-mite-extract-for-allergic-rhinitis
#14
Yu Guo, Yanqing Li, Dehui Wang, Quan Liu, Zhuofu Liu, Li Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with house-dust mite (HDM) extract in Chinese patients with HDM-induced allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was conducted with the outpatients of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital, Fudan University. Forty-eight patients were eligible for randomization to SLIT with a mixture of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae extract or placebo for 1 year...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707034/randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-nd-yag-laser-photocoagulation-and-bipolar-electrocautery-in-the-management-of-epistaxis
#15
Jing Zhang, Luhong Cao, Chunsheng Wei
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and degree of comfort of Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation compared to bipolar electrocautery in the management of epistaxis. Seventy-two consecutive patients with a history of epistaxis were randomly assigned to receive treatment in an outpatient setting consisting of either bipolar electrocautery (group 1) or Nd:YAG laser photocoagulation (group 2). The study was conducted in university-affiliated teaching hospital. Seventy-two consecutive patients who suffered from anterior epistaxis and presented to the Otolaryngology Department at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, between June 2015 and August 2015...
July 13, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679958/fc-functional-antibodies-in-humans-with-severe-h7n9-and-seasonal-influenza
#16
Hillary A Vanderven, Lu Liu, Fernanda Ana-Sosa-Batiz, Thi Ho Nguyen, Yanmin Wan, Bruce Wines, P Mark Hogarth, Danielle Tilmanis, Arnold Reynaldi, Matthew S Parsons, Aeron C Hurt, Miles P Davenport, Tom Kotsimbos, Allen C Cheng, Katherine Kedzierska, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jianqing Xu, Stephen J Kent
BACKGROUND: Both seasonal and novel avian influenza viruses can result in severe infections requiring hospitalization. Anti-influenza antibodies (Abs) with Fc-mediated effector functions, such as Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), are of growing interest in control of influenza but have not previously been studied during severe human infections. As such, the objective of this study was to examine Fc-mediated Ab functions in humans hospitalized with influenza infection. METHODS: Serum Ab response was studied in subjects hospitalized with either pandemic H7N9 avian influenza virus in China (n = 18) or circulating seasonal influenza viruses in Melbourne, Australia (n = 16)...
July 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675082/predictors-of-mid-term-prognosis-and-adverse-factors-in-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#17
Xin Liu, Suchi Chang, Cuiping Fu, Zhirong Huo, Jing Zhou, Chengying Liu, Shanqun Li, Aijun Sun
BACKGROUND: To explore the differences in short and middle term adverse factors of pulmonary embolism (PE) outcome. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study of inpatients admitted from Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, with first-time PE. Clinical data were collected from patients with objectively confirmed PE, and a 2-year follow up was conducted. RESULTS: The sample contained 310 patients with PE, ranging in age from 18 to 86 years old (mean 63...
July 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662862/the-use-of-rigid-gas-permeable-contact-lenses-in-children-with-myopic-amblyopia-a-case-series
#18
Bingjie Wang, Rajeev K Naidu, Xiaomei Qu
PURPOSE: To explore the safety profile and overall visual improvement over the course of RGP contact lens wear on children with unilateral or bilateral amblyopia resulting from myopia. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis case series study. Clinical records of 15 patients who were fitted with RGP contact lenses at the Shanghai Eye and EENT Hospital of Fudan University between the period of January 2009 to December 2014 were reviewed. The inclusion criteria for review included patients with myopia of -3...
June 26, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652574/clinical-features-of-congenital-and-developmental-cataract-in-east-china-a-five-year-retrospective-review
#19
Xiangjia Zhu, Yu Du, Wenwen He, Ting Sun, Yinglei Zhang, Ruiqi Chang, Keke Zhang, Yi Lu
Congenital/developmental cataract is a significant cause of blindness in children worldwide. Full knowledge of clinical features is essential for early diagnosis and proper treatment to prevent irreversible visual impairment. We conducted a retrospective chart review on 520 congenital/developmental cataract cases based on a five-year clinical data from Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Clinical features including age at the surgery, chief complaints, interval between initial identification of cataract-related manifestations and surgery, etc...
June 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639910/apatinib-for-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-non-clinical-trial-setting-satisfying-efficacy-regardless-of-previous-anti-angiogenic-treatment
#20
Ying Lin, Zheng Wu, Jian Zhang, Xichun Hu, Zhonghua Wang, Biyun Wang, Jun Cao, Leiping Wang
Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of apatinib in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) under non-clinical trial setting, and to study the impact of previous antiangiogenic treatment to the efficacy of apatinib. 52 MBC patients treated with apatinib under non-clinical trial setting in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between January 1st 2015 and October 1st 2016 were included. All patients were included in time-to-treatment failure (TTF) analysis, while 45 patients were enrolled for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) analysis because 7 of the patients with treatment discontinuation due to intolerable toxicities had too short time for efficacy assessment...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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