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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340474/studying-the-effects-of-natural-extracts-with-metabolomics-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-supplementation-of-healthy-rats-with-polygonum-cuspidatum-sieb-et-zucc
#1
Gregorio Peron, Jalal Uddin, Matteo Stocchero, Stefano Mammi, Elisabetta Schievano, Stefano Dall'Acqua
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal study was performed to evaluate the effects of Polygonum cuspidatum extract (standardized at 20% resveratrol) supplementation on healthy rats. The effects were explored by monitoring urinary metabolome changes using UPLC-HRMS and (1)H NMR-based approaches. The aim of the study was to explore the effects of P. cuspidatum supplementation on a healthy animal model using metabolomics, in order to determine possible modes of action and obtain information on bioactivity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340263/myrciaria-dubia-an-amazonian-fruit-population-structure-and-its-implications-for-germplasm-conservation-and-genetic-improvement
#2
C F Nunes, T A Setotaw, M Pasqual, E A Chagas, E G Santos, D N Santos, C G B Lima, G M A Cançado
Myrciaria dubia (camu-camu) is an Amazon tree that produces a tart fruit with high vitamin C content. It is probably the fruit with the highest vitamin C content among all Brazilian fruit crops and it can be used to supplement daily vitamin C dose. This property has attracted the attention of consumers and, consequently, encouraged fruit farmers to produce it. In order to identify and select potential accessions for commercial exploitation and breeding programs, M. dubia has received considerable research attention...
March 22, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340201/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-of-physical-activity-and-health-status-in-adolescents
#3
Emily Granger, Francesco Di Nardo, Annie Harrison, Lesley Patterson, Raphael Holmes, Arpana Verma
Reduced physical activity is a known risk factor for many illnesses. Research in adolescent populations found increased physical activity levels improves objective health outcomes, but there is conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between physical activity levels and self-reported health status. To synthesise current evidence on the association between physical activity and self-reported health status in adolescents. Secondary objectives are to assess whether the relationship is dose dependant, and the appropriateness of WHO recommendations on adolescents' physical activity...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340146/effect-of-broiler-breeders-fed-with-corn-or-sorghum-diet-and-canthaxanthin-supplementation-on-production-and-reproductive-performance
#4
C E V Bonilla, A P Rosa, A Londero, C B S Giacomini, C Orso, M O Fernandes, S J Paixão, D V Bonamigo
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of corn or sorghum diet and canthaxanthin (CX) supplementation on performance in broiler breeders. A total of 440 females with similar body weight (BW) (3.71 ± 0.14 kg) and 60 roosters were placed in an open-sided house with 20 pens, randomly distributed in a factorial arrangement (2 × 2). There were 4 diets of 2 ingredients; corn (CO) or sorghum (SO) and 2 levels of CX; 6 mg/kg (CX) and 0 mg/kg (NCX) totaling 5 replicate pens of 22 females and 3 males each, from 42 to 65 wk, divided in 2 periods (from wk 42 to 53 and wk 54 to 65)...
March 4, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340087/nutrigenomic-point-of-view-on-effects-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-ruminant-trans-fatty-acids-on-insulin-resistance-and-type-2-diabetes
#5
Bénédicte L Tremblay, Iwona Rudkowska
Evidence from observational studies suggests beneficial effects of ruminant trans fatty acids (rTFA) on insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, beneficial effects of rTFA are not always observed in cell, animal, and human studies. This narrative review presents potential mechanisms of action of rTFA using nutrigenomics and microRNA results in an integrative model. In addition, the review presents factors, including measures of IR and T2D, dose and duration of studies, as well as health status, ethnicity, and genotypes of subjects, that may help explain the heterogeneity in response to rTFA supplementation...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340000/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industry-conditions-part-1-growth-performance-and-salmonella-inhibition
#6
S M Roto, S H Park, S I Lee, P Kaldhone, H O Pavlidis, S B Frankenbach, D R McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Supplementation of poultry diets with Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) has been proposed as a means to ameliorate the commonly observed loss of appetite and depression of growth in birds given a live coccidiosis vaccine. A study was conducted to compare the effects on bird performance of a live coccidiosis vaccine in broilers, with and without the dietary inclusion of XPC (1.25 g/kg). Ross 708 male broilers (n = 1,280) were allocated to one of 4 feed treatments: cocci-vaccine (T1), cocci-vaccine + XPC (T2), cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet only, (T3), and cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet + XPC (T4)...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339985/effects-of-dietary-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-on-cecal-microbiota-in-laying-hens-with-different-flavin-containing-monooxygenase-3-genotypes
#7
C Long, J Wang, H J Zhang, S G Wu, G H Qi
To evaluate the effect of dietary rapeseed meal (RM) supplementation on cecal trimethylamine and bacteria in laying hens with different flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) genotypes, a 3 × 2 2-factorial arrangement was employed using FMO3 genotypes (AA, AT, and TT) and dietary RM (0 and 14% of diet) as the main effects. At 50 wk of age, 36 hens of AT genotype and 36 hens of TT genotype were randomly allotted to one of the 2 dietary treatments, and each dietary treatment consisted of 3 replicates with 6 birds each...
March 4, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339968/optimization-of-dietary-zinc-for-egg-production-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-chinese-egg-laying-ducks-fed-a-diet-based-on-corn-wheat-bran-and-soybean-meal
#8
W Chen, S Wang, H X Zhang, D Ruan, W G Xia, Y Y Cui, C T Zheng, Y C Lin
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation on productive performance and antioxidant status in laying ducks. Five-hundred-four laying ducks were divided into 7 treatments, each containing 6 replicates of 12 ducks. The ducks were caged individually and fed a corn-soybean meal and wheat bran basal diet (37 mg Zn/kg) or the basal diet supplemented with 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, or 90 mg Zn/kg (as zinc sulfate). During the early laying period of 10 d (daily egg production <80%), egg production, daily egg mass, and FCR increased quadratically with increasing dietary Zn levels (P < 0...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339946/pasture-flock-chicken-cecal-microbiome-responses-to-prebiotics-and-plum-fiber-feed-amendments
#9
S H Park, A Perrotta, I Hanning, S Diaz-Sanchez, S Pendleton, E Alm, S C Ricke
When prebiotics and other fermentation substrates are delivered to animals as feed supplements, the typical goal is to improve weight gain and feed conversion. In this work, we examined pasture flock chicken cecal contents using next generation sequencing (NGS) to identify and understand the composition of the microbiome when prebiotics and fermentation substrates were supplemented. We generated 16S rRNA sequencing data for 120 separate cecal samples from groups of chickens receiving one of 3 prebiotics or fiber feed additives...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339929/dietary-resveratrol-supplementation-prevents-transport-stress-impaired-meat-quality-of-broilers-through-maintaining-muscle-energy-metabolism-and-antioxidant-status
#10
C Zhang, L Wang, X H Zhao, X Y Chen, L Yang, Z Y Geng
This experiment was to evaluate the effect of dietary resveratrol (Res) supplementation (0, 400 mg/kg) on growth performance, meat quality, and muscle anaerobic glycolysis and antioxidant capacity of transported broilers. A total of 360 21-day-old male Cobb broilers was randomly allotted to 2 dietary treatments (Res-free group and Res group) with 12 replicates of 15 birds each. On the morning of d 42, after a 9-hour fast, 24 birds (2 birds of each replicate) were selected from the Res-free group and then equally placed into 2 crates, and the other 12 birds (one bird of each replicate) were selected from the Res group and then placed into the other crate...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339915/the-effect-of-feed-supplementation-with-zakarpacki-zeolite-clinoptilolite-on-percentages-of-t-and-b-lymphocytes-and-cytokine-concentrations-in-poultry
#11
Lukasz Jarosz, Dagmara Stepien-Pysniak, Zbigniew Gradzki, Malgorzata Kapica, Agata Gacek
The available literature lacks information on the effect of Zakarpacki zeolite (clinoptilolite) on the immune system of poultry. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of this zeolite on selected indicators of the immune response in poultry by evaluating the expression of cluster of differentiation ( ) surface molecules on T and B lymphocytes and the concentration of IL-2 and IL-10 in the blood. Ninety one-day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were used in the study. The birds were divided into 3 groups of 30 each...
March 2, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339866/relative-biological-value-of-1%C3%AE-hydroxycholecalciferol-to-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-in-broiler-chicken-diets
#12
J C Han, G H Chen, J L Zhang, J G Wang, H X Qu, Y F Yan, X J Yang, Y H Cheng
This study was conducted to evaluate the relative biological value (RBV) of 1α-hydroxycholecalciferol (1α-OH-D3) to 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OH-D3) in one- to 21-day-old broiler chickens fed calcium (Ca)- and phosphorus (P)-deficient diets. On the d of hatch, 450 male Ross 308 broiler chickens were weighed and randomly allotted to 9 treatments with 5 replicates of 10 birds per replicate. The basal diet contained 0.50% Ca and 0.25% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) but was not supplemented with cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)...
March 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339832/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industrial-conditions-part-2-cecal-microbiota-analysis
#13
S H Park, S Roto, H Pavlidis, D McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Biological supplements in poultry feed are of continued interest due to the improvements in growth performance, protection from pathogen invasion, and benefits in overall host health. The fermentation metabolites of Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) have previously been shown to improve commercial performance and reduce Salmonella in poultry. The current study sought to characterize the cecal microbiota using culture-independent analysis based on 16S rRNA gene in Coccivac-D sprayed broilers supplemented with XPC and/or Salinomycin (SAL)...
March 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339792/interference-of-age-and-supplementation-of-direct-fed-microbial-and-essential-oil-in-the-activity-of-digestive-enzymes-and-expression-of-genes-related-to-transport-and-digestion-of-carbohydrates-and-proteins-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#14
M F Fernandez-Alarcon, N Trottier, J P Steibel, R Lunedo, D M B Campos, A M Santana, J M Pizauro, R L Furlan, L R Furlan
The objectives of this study were to describe alterations that age and dietary inclusion of direct-fed microbial (DFM) Bacillus subtilis (BS) and a specific essential oil (EO) blend (carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, cineol, and pepper extract) causes in the activity of digestive enzymes (maltase: MALT; aminopeptidase-N: APN; intestinal alkaline phosphate: IAP) and expression patterns of genes related to transport (oligopeptide transporter gene: SLC15A1; Na+-dependent glucose and galactose transporter gene: SLC5A1; Na+-independent glucose, galactose, and fructose transporter gene: SLC2A2; ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting gene: ATP1A1) and digestion (aminopeptidase-N gene: ANPEP; maltase-glucoamylase gene: MGAM; Sucrase-isomaltase gene: SI) of carbohydrates and proteins in the small intestine of broilers...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339790/does-systemic-administration-of-casein-phosphopeptides-affect-orthodontic-movement-and-root-resorption-in-rats
#15
Lachlan Crowther, Gang Shen, Mohammed Almuzian, Allan Jones, William Walsh, Rema Oliver, Peter Petocz, Nour E Tarraf, M Ali Darendeliler
Objectives: To assess the potential effects of casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) on orthodontically induced iatrogenic root resorption (OIIRR) and orthodontic teeth movement. Materials and methods: Forty Wistar rats (aged 11 weeks) were randomly divided into experimental group (EG; n = 20) that received a diet supplemented with CPP and control group (CG; n = 20) devoid of diet supplement. A 150 g force was applied using nickel titanium (NiTi) coil that was bonded on maxillary incisors and extended unilaterally to a maxillary first molar...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339714/effect-of-whole-yeast-cell-product-supplementation-citristim%C3%A2-on-immune-responses-and-cecal-microflora-species-in-pullet-and-layer-chickens-during-an-experimental-coccidial-challenge
#16
Ashley D Markazi, Victor Perez, Mamduh Sifri, Revathi Shanmugasundaram, Ramesh K Selvaraj
Three separate experiments were conducted to study the effects of whole yeast cell product supplementation in pullets and layer hens. Body weight gain, fecal and intestinal coccidial oocyst counts, cecal microflora species, cytokine mRNA amounts, and CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell populations in the cecal tonsils were analyzed following an experimental coccidial infection. In Experiment I, day-old Leghorn layer chicks were fed 3 experimental diets with 0, 0.1, or 0.2% whole yeast cell product (CitriStim®, ADM, Decatur, IL)...
February 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339711/interactions-of-full-fat-canola-seed-oat-hulls-as-an-insoluble-fiber-source-and-pellet-temperature-for-nutrient-utilization-and-growth-performance-of-broiler-chickens
#17
R Barekatain, R A Swick, M Toghyani, C T de Koning
The effectiveness of the addition of oat hulls (OH) as an insoluble fiber for improving nutrient digestibility and performance of birds fed diets containing full-fat canola seed (CS) was studied. A 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to assess the main effects of canola source (CS vs canola meal plus oil as control), OH (0 or 3%), pellet temperature (75 and 90°C) and their interactions. A total of 576 male day-old Ross 308 chickens were assigned to 8 experimental treatments, each replicated 6 times (12 birds per replicate)...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339708/effects-of-dietary-methyl-sulfonyl-methane-msm-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-excreta-gas-emission-and-blood-profiles-in-broilers
#18
Y Jiao, J H Park, Y M Kim, I H Kim
A 29-d trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM) supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, nutrient digestibility, excreta microbiota, excreta gas emission, and blood profiles in broilers. A total of 816 1-day-old male Ross 308 broilers (44 ± 0.44 g) were assigned to 4 dietary treatments, composed of 12 replicates with 17 birds per replicate. The 4 treatments were: 1) CON, basal diet; 2) S1, CON + 0.05% MSM; 3) S2, CON + 0.10% MSM; 4) S3, CON + 0.20% MSM...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339536/successful-nutrition-policy-improvement-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-status-in-finnish-adults-over-the-last-decade
#19
Susanna Raulio, Iris Erlund, Satu Männistö, Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, Jouko Sundvall, Heli Tapanainen, Erkki Vartiainen, Suvi M Virtanen
Due to vitamin D intake below recommendation (10 µg/day) and low (<50 nmol/l) serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration in Finnish population, the fortification of liquid dairy products with 0.5 µg vitamin D/100 g and fat spreads with 10 µg/100 g started in Finland in December 2002. In 2010, the fortification recommendation was doubled. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the vitamin D intake and status have improved among Finnish adults as a consequence of these nutrition policy actions...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339512/effects-of-mulberry-leaves-on-production-performance-and-the-potential-modulation-of-antioxidative-status-in-laying-hens
#20
W C Lin, M T Lee, S C Chang, Y L Chang, C H Shih, B Yu, T T Lee
This study evaluated the antioxidant ability of Taisung No. 3 mulberry leaf extract (MLE) as well as the potential of mulberry leaf (ML)-based dietary supplementation for modulating the antioxidative status of laying hens. The results showed that the MLE had a total phenolic compound content of 7.4 ± 0.15 mg of gallic acid equivalent/g dry weight (DW) and a total flavonoid content of 4.4 ± 0.19 mg of quercetin equivalent/g DW. The 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free-radical-scavenging ability was 45...
October 6, 2016: Poultry Science
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