keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Caesarian section

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894975/reperfusion-of-the-choriocapillaris-observed-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-hypertensive-choroidopathy
#1
Miwa Saito, Akihiro Ishibazawa, Reiko Kinouchi, Akitoshi Yoshida
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) can visualize the vascular status of the choriocapillaris noninvasively and separately from the other vascular beds. We describe focal ischemia in the choriocapillaris and reperfusion of the area in hypertensive choroidopathy using en-face OCTA. CASE: A 32-year-old woman diagnosed with pregnancy-induced hypertension presented with acute anorthopia in the right eye after delivery via Caesarian section. Fundus examination showed an Elschnig's spot and serous retinal detachment (SRD) in the inferior perifoveal region...
September 11, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891544/comparison-of-epidrum-epi-jet-and-loss-of-resistance-syringe-techniques-for-identifying-the-epidural-space-in-obstetric-patients
#2
S Kartal, B Kösem, H Kılınç, H Köşker, S Karabayırlı, N K Çimen, R I Demircioğlu
BACKGROUND: Identifying the epidural space is essential during epidural anesthesia (EA). Pressure of the epidural space in pregnancy is higher than that in nonpregnant woman. Loss of resistance (LOR) method is the most commonly preferred method for identifying the epidural space. Epidrum and Epi-Jet are recently innovated supporting devices that facilitate identifying process for epidural space. In this study we aimed to compare Epidrum, Epi-Jet, and LOR methods in identifying the epidural space, feasibility of technique...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843747/arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-arvc-in-a-young-female-athlete-at-36-weeks-gestation-a-case-report
#3
Hae Yoon Grace Choung, Monika Vyas, Daniel Jacoby, Brian West
A 26year old east African professional athlete presented to the obstetric clinic for a routine visit at 36 weeks gestation. She had a history of Right Ventricular Outflow Tract - Ventricular Tachycardia (RVOT-VT) with an episode of cardiac arrest in the past, and had been treated with ablation 4 years earlier. Her current visit was uneventful, her pregnancy progressing normally. Following the visit she went to a local restaurant where she suffered a cardiac arrest that was unresponsive to therapy. Chest compressions were continued from the time of her collapse until an emergency caesarian section was performed, delivering a healthy female infant...
July 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828112/small-bowel-volvulus-around-caesarian-section-scar-adhesions
#4
Adam Wright, Suzanne Chong, Jonathon Willatt
Small bowel obstruction secondary to adhesions is a recognized complication of Caesarian section. However, obstruction due to small bowel volvulus caused by adhesions at the Caesarian-section scar has not been reported. We report such a case identified on computed tomography. We review the literature on small bowel volvulus in pregnant patients and discuss the computed tomography findings.
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827431/tubo-ovarian-abscess-infected-by-salmonella-typhi
#5
Paban Sharma, Abhusani Bhuju, Ruhee Tuladhar, Christopher M Parry, Buddha Basnyat
We report a case of a tubo-ovarian abscess infected with Salmonella enterica serotype typhi A 19-year-old Nepalese woman presented to a hospital in Kathmandu with lower abdominal pain, constipation, fever and a non-healing, suppurative surgical wound from an emergency caesarian section performed 2 months previously at 37 weeks of pregnancy. She also had an exploratory laparotomy for an appendix perforation with peritonitis at 25 weeks of gestation. Her wound infection did not respond to cloxacillin and she had an exploratory laparotomy, and a tubo-ovarian abscess was found from which S...
August 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823040/maternal-predictors-and-quality-of-umbilical-cord-blood-units
#6
Beata Bielec-Berek, Żaneta Jastrzębska-Stojko, Agnieszka Drosdzol-Cop, Cecylia Jendyk, Dariusz Boruczkowski, Tomasz Ołdak, Agnieszka Nowak-Brzezińska, Rafał Stojko
The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the maternal age at delivery and selected properties of the cord blood stem cells. The study included 50 pregnant women aged between 18 and 38 years in which spontaneous labors or elective cesarean sections were performed. Umbilical cord blood was collected immediately after the women were delivered of newborns. The samples were analyzed in the Polish Stem Cells Bank in Warsaw. The highest mean WBC level (p < 0.05) was observed in the umbilical blood collected from patients aged 35 years and more...
August 19, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748483/expression-of-microrna-146a-and-microrna-155-in-placental-villi-in-early-and-late-onset-preeclampsia
#7
N V Nizyaeva, G V Kulikova, M N Nagovitsyna, N E Kan, K N Prozorovskaya, A I Shchegolev, G T Sukhikh
We studied the expression of microRNA-146a and microRNA-155 in placental villi from 18 women (26-39 weeks of gestation) of reproductive age with early- or late-onset preeclampsia. The reference group consisted of women with physiological pregnancy and full-term gestation and with preterm birth after caesarian section on gestation week 26-31. MicroRNA-146a and microRNA-155 were detected by in situ hybridization with digoxigenin on paraffin sections. It was found that the expression of microRNA-146a in both syncytiotrophoblast of the intermediate villi and syncytial knots was lower at late-onset preeclampsia than at physiologic pregnancy of full-term period (p=0...
July 27, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719808/activated-neuro-oxidative-and-neuro-nitrosative-pathways-at-the-end-of-term-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-physio-somatic-and-depression-symptoms-while-predicting-outcome-characteristics-in-mother-and-baby
#8
Chutima Roomruangwong, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, André de Souza Nogueira, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVES: To examine oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers at the end of term in relation to perinatal affective symptoms, neuro-immune biomarkers and pregnancy-related outcome variables. METHODS: We measured plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), -sulfhydryl (-SH), peroxides (LOOH) and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in pregnant women with and without prenatal depression and non-pregnant controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708523/timing-of-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-changes-in-the-bovine-placentome-after-parturition
#9
Anthony K McNeel, Jeff D Ondrak, Olivia L Amundson, Tara H Fountain, Elane C Wright, Katherine J Whitman, Carol G Chitko-McKown, Shuna A Jones, Chadwick C Chase, Robert A Cushman
Proper post-partum reproductive performance is important for reproductive efficiency in beef cows, and dystocia decreases post-partum fertility. Crossbred beef cows (n = 1676) were evaluated for lifetime performance based on degree of dystocia at presentation of the first calf. Cows that experienced moderate or severe dystocia produced fewer calves during their productive life (P < 0.01). The exact mechanism is unclear, but may be due to the contributions of dystocia to abnormal placental separation...
May 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637222/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-delayed-tsh-elevation-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-newborns
#10
Amnon Zung, Rachel Bier Palmon, Agneta Golan, Mara Troitzky, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Ronella Marom, Rimona Keidar, Neri Kats, Shlomo Almashanu, Orna Flidel-Rimon
Context: Delayed thyrotropin (TSH) elevation (dTSH) is defined as elevated TSH at the second neonatal screening (after normal TSH levels at the initial screening) in premature, low-birth-weight, and ill newborns, mostly in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting. The pathogenesis of dTSH is elusive. Objective: To identify the risk factors for dTSH development among newborns in the NICU. Design, Setting, and Patients: A retrospective medical record review of neonates with dTSH was conducted in eight university-affiliated NICUs...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611760/bacterial-composition-and-diversity-in-breast-milk-samples-from-mothers-living-in-taiwan-and-mainland-china
#11
Shiao-Wen Li, Koichi Watanabe, Chih-Chieh Hsu, Shiou-Huei Chao, Zheng-Hua Yang, Yan-Jun Lin, Chun-Chiang Chen, Yong-Mei Cao, Hsuan-Cheng Huang, Chuan-Hsiung Chang, Ying-Chieh Tsai
Human breast milk is widely recognized as the best source of nutrients for healthy growth and development of infants; it contains a diverse microbiota. Here, we characterized the diversity of the microbiota in the breast milk of East Asian women and assessed whether delivery mode influenced the microbiota in the milk of healthy breast-feeding mothers. We profiled the microbiota in breast milk samples collected from 133 healthy mothers in Taiwan and in six regions of mainland China (Central, East, North, Northeast, South, and Southwest China) by using 16S rRNA pyrosequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587631/bacterial-etiologic-agents-causing-neonatal-sepsis-and-associated-risk-factors-in-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Tsehaynesh G/Eyesus, Feleke Moges, Setegn Eshetie, Biruk Yeshitela, Ebba Abate
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis is a blood stream infection which is seen in the first month of life of the neonate. Bacterial profile of neonatal septicemia is constantly changing thus, current knowledge on the patterns of bacterial isolates, its antibiotic resistance profile, and associated factors, are essential to design and implement appropriate interventions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify bacterial etiologic agents, their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and associated risk factors of neonatal sepsis among neonates...
June 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553162/bladder-reconstruction-with-human-amniotic-membrane-in-a-xenograft-rat-model-a-preclinical-study
#13
Dimitri Barski, Holger Gerullis, Thorsten Ecke, Jin Yang, Gabriella Varga, Mihaly Boros, Isabel Pintelon, Jean-Pierre Timmermans, Thomas Otto
Background: Human amniotic membranes (HAMs) are assumed to have a number of unique characteristics including durability, hypoallergenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Materials and Methods: Multilayer HAMs from caesarian sections were applied to repair defined bladder defects in male Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were sacrificed at 7, 21 and 42 days after implantation. Bladder volume capacity after grafting was measured. Histological analyses were performed to asses a number of parameters including HAM degradation, inflammatory reaction, graft rejection and smooth muscle ingrowth...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544689/class-ii-obese-and-healthy-pregnant-controls-exhibit-indistinguishable-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-immune-responses-to-caesarian-section
#14
Caroline Graham, Mullein Thorleifson, William P Stefura, Duane J Funk, Kent T HayGlass
INTRODUCTION: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with meta-inflammation and an increased likelihood of clinical complications. Surgery results in intense, acute inflammatory responses in any individual. Because obese individuals exhibit constitutive inflammatory responses and high rates of Caesarian section, it is important to understand the impact of surgery in such populations. Whether more pronounced pro-inflammatory cytokine responses and/or counterbalancing changes in anti-inflammatory immune modulators occurs is unknown...
September 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529732/microarray-analysis-of-differentially-expressed-genes-and-their-functions-in-omental-visceral-adipose-tissues-of-pregnant-women-with-vs-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Yuan Qian, Hao Sun, Hongli Xiao, Meirun Ma, Xue Xiao, Qinzai Qu
Increasing evidence has shown that insulin resistance in omental visceral adipose tissue (OVAT) is a characteristic of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The present study aimed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their associated functions and pathways involved in the pathogenesis of GDM by comparing the expression profiles of OVATs obtained from pregnant Chinese women with and without GDM during caesarian section. A total of 935 DEGs were identified, including 450 downregulated and 485 upregulated genes...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491172/acquired-uterine-arteriovenous-fistula-following-dilatation-and-curettage-an-uncommon-cause-of-vaginal-bleeding
#16
Adam Evans, Roland E Gazaille, Richard McKenzie, Meghan Musser, Robert Lemming, Jarrod Curry, William Meyers, Nicholas Austin
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a common presentation of women in the emergency department. We describe the case of a 33-year-old female who presented with intermittent spotting due to an acquired uterine AVF. The patient underwent a transvaginal pelvic ultrasound as well as a CT angiogram. The patient was treated conservatively and elected to undergo uterine artery embolization in an effort to preserve fertility. She successfully delivered a healthy baby boy at 39-week gestation via an emergent caesarian section due to a prolapsed umbilical cord 17 months after undergoing the uterine artery embolization...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487019/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-of-the-placenta-a-tool-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-placenta-accreta
#17
A E Millischer, B Deloison, S Silvera, Y Ville, N Boddaert, D Balvay, N Siauve, C A Cuenod, V Ttsatsaris, L Sentilhes, L J Salomon
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of placenta accreta, but it is not sufficiently accurate. MRI morphologic criteria have recently emerged as a useful tool in this setting, but their analysis is too subjective. Recent studies suggest that gadolinium enhancement may help to distinguish between the stretched myometrium and placenta within a scar area. However, objective MRI criteria are still required for prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta...
May 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473030/-acute-caesarian-section-due-to-renal-tumour-with-spontaneously-emerged-perirenal-haematoma
#18
Mette Høltzermann, Astrid Helene Livbjerg, Anya Sook Eidhammer
A primipara at term was admitted to the labour ward with spontaneously emerged severe abdominal pain in the right flank and kidney. The patient was not known with any obstetric or urologic conditions. An acute caesarian section was performed due to the pain and pathological results of the cardiotocography, and a healthy child was delivered. During surgery, a haematoma was detected in the retroperitoneal space. A computed tomography (CT) of abdomen showed a Bosniak type IV tumour with surrounding haematoma in the kidney...
April 24, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471553/-infiltration-with-ropivacaine-improves-postoperative-analgesia-following-caesarean-section
#19
J C Thiry, J C Cres, N Janssens, J Joris
The analgesia produced by parietal infiltrations with local anesthetics (ALs) results from a block of conduction and the anti-inflammatory effect of the ALs. The duration of the reported analgesia is variable : limited to the duration of action of the ALs, or sometimes very prolonged. The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, study is to investigate the duration of the analgesia of a parietal infiltration after caesarian.
April 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435477/acrodermatitis-enteropathica-in-a-pair-of-twins
#20
Abdullatif Al Rashed, Mohja Al Shehri, Feroze Kaliyadan
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. First described by Brandt in 1936 and was named by Danbolt. A mutation in the SLC39A4 gene on chromosome 8 q24.3 is responsible for this disorder, which encodes zinc transporter Zip4. The diagnosis is made by the clinical presentation and histopathology and laboratory tests. In this case, we reported a twin presented with a typical rash and low zinc level. To our knowledge, very few cases reported as a twin with typical acrodermatitis enteropathica presentation...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
keyword
keyword
1959
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"