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cochlear otosclerosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577849/facial-nerve-stimulation-after-cochlear-implantation-our-experience-in-448-adult-patients
#1
Joana Sanches Pires, Ana Sofia Melo, Ricardo Caiado, Jorge Humberto Martins, João Elói Moura, Luís Filipe Silva
Facial nerve stimulation (FNS) after cochlear implant activation is a well-known side effect, with an incidence rate raging between 1% and 14.9%. Some causes of deafness have been associated with a higher incidence of this entity, however, there is still no consensus regarding its pathophysiological mechanisms. Although FNS can be solved with changes in speech processor programming, in some cases this can lead to a decrease in performance. The aim of this work was to review the epidemiologic, clinical aspects, and performance results in a group of FNS after cochlear implantation...
March 25, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504040/incomplete-and-false-tract-insertions-in-cochlear-implantation-retrospective-review-of-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes
#2
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Maurizio Guida, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence, demographics, surgical, and radiological correlates of incomplete and false tract electrode array insertions during cochlear implantation (CI). To evaluate outcomes in patients with incomplete electrode insertion (IEI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Otology and skull base center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Charts of 18 patients (19 ears) with incomplete or false tract insertions of the electrode array were evaluated who underwent CI, with at least 1 year follow-up (from 470 cases)...
March 5, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502731/controversies-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-otosclerosis
#3
REVIEW
John T McElveen, J Walter Kutz
Controversies have been associated with the etiology, diagnosis, evaluation, and management of otosclerosis since Valsalva first described stapes fixation as a cause of hearing loss. Although the exact mechanism of the bone remodeling associated with otosclerosis remains uncertain, stapedotomy has been accepted as the surgical treatment of most patients with stapedial otosclerosis. There remains a disparity of opinion, however, regarding the role of preoperative imaging, surgical technique, implant selection, and medical therapy for cochlear otosclerosis...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502727/advanced-otosclerosis-stapes-surgery-or-cochlear-implantation
#4
REVIEW
Adrien A Eshraghi, Kadri Ila, Emre Ocak, Fred F Telischi
Diagnosis and treatment of advanced otosclerosis can be controversial. In 1961, House and Sheehy defined advanced otosclerosis as hearing loss in air conduction threshold by 85 dB with nonmeasurable bone conduction. Recently, the definition of advanced otosclerosis is mostly based on the decrease of speech recognition. There are some treatment modalities: stapes surgery and hearing aids, cochlear implantation, or direct acoustic cochlear implant. The authors propose a new algorithm for treatment. If the patient is treated with cochlear implantation, the surgeon should be cautious for facial nerve stimulation after surgery because it is the most prevalent complication...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478327/preoperative-imaging-findings-and-cost-in-adults-with-postlingual-deafness-prior-to-cochlear-implant
#5
C Scott Brown, Kevin J Choi, David M Kaylie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the imaging findings of computed topography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults with postlingual deafness and otherwise normal clinical history and physical exam. Additionally, determine the influence and implications of these findings with respect to surgical outcomes and cost. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS: Adults with postlingual deafness with no history of prior ear surgery, chronic ear disease, meningitis, otosclerosis, or head trauma...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397947/otosclerosis-temporal-bone-pathology
#6
REVIEW
Alicia M Quesnel, Reuven Ishai, Michael J McKenna
Otosclerosis is pathologically characterized by abnormal bony remodeling, which includes bone resorption, new bone deposition, and vascular proliferation in the temporal bone. Sensorineural hearing loss in otosclerosis is associated with extension of otosclerosis to the cochlear endosteum and deposition of collagen throughout the spiral ligament. Persistent or recurrent conductive hearing loss after stapedectomy has been associated with incomplete footplate fenestration, poor incus-prosthesis connection, and incus resorption in temporal bone specimens...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397946/the-audiology-of-otosclerosis
#7
REVIEW
Ali A Danesh, Navid Shahnaz, James W Hall
Diagnostic audiologic procedures for otosclerosis are effective tools in identifying this condition. Audiometric data usually demonstrate a conductive hearing loss at the early stages of otosclerosis. Modern middle ear analysis procedures are becoming more popular in the better diagnosis of otosclerosis. In clinical practice, cochlear otosclerosis can also be observed. Audiologic rehabilitation of otosclerosis includes fitting of hearing aids and implantable hearing devices. Current hearing technology enables patients who do not pursue surgical correction to function well and significantly improve their communication and quality of life...
April 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360086/surgical-results-and-complications-of-cochlear-implantation-in-far-advanced-otosclerosis
#8
Niels West, Markus Brand, Søren Foghsgaard, Per Cayé-Thomasen
OBJECTIVE: To report surgical results and complications of cochlear implantation in patients with far-advanced otosclerosis (FAO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of surgical results in terms of electrode insertion as well as peri- and postoperative complications. Ten cochlear implantations (CIs) were performed in eight patients with FAO. A prior stapedotomy had been performed in all cases. RESULTS: Full electrode insertion was achieved in nine of the 10 operations (90%) and partial insertion in one operation...
December 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209853/3d-endoscopic-ear-surgery-a-clinical-pilot-study
#9
Daniele Bernardeschi, Ghizlene Lahlou, Daniele De Seta, Francesca Yoshie Russo, Isabelle Mosnier, Olivier Sterkers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a new high-resolution 3D endoscope in endoscopic ear and lateral skull base surgery. METHODS: Eight patients, five women and three men, were included in this clinical pilot prospective study. Their age was 38 ± 17.3 years (mean ± SD, range 17-54 years). The right side was involved in five cases, and the left side in three cases. There were three cases of chronic otitis, one case of cholesteatoma of the external auditory canal, one case of otosclerosis, one case of cochlear implant surgery, and two cases of stage 2 vestibular schwannoma operated on with a retrosigmoid approach to preserve hearing...
February 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094069/third-generation-bisphosphonates-for-cochlear-otosclerosis-stabilizes-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-long-term-follow-up
#10
Taha A Jan, Aaron K Remenschneider, Christopher Halpin, Margaret Seton, Michael J McKenna, Alicia M Quesnel
Objective: To assess long-term hearing outcomes in patients treated with third-generation bisphosphonates for otosclerosis-related progressive sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Study Design: Retrospective case series review. Methods: We performed a retrospective case series review of patients with otosclerosis and progressive SNHL. Patients were treated with either risedronate or zoledronate after a diagnosis of otosclerosis with a significant SNHL component...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076927/the-etiological-relationship-between-migraine-and-sudden-hearing-loss
#11
Yildiz Arslan, İlker Burak Arslan, Huriye Aydin, Özlem Yağiz, Figen Tokuçoğlu, İbrahim Çukurova
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and migraine, assess the prevalence of migraine in patients with idiopathic SSNHL, and determine a possible common vascular etiopathogenesis for migraine and SSNHL. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: This study initially assessed 178 SSNHL cases obtained from the Head and Neck Surgery Clinic patient database at a tertiary hospital in Turkey between January 2011 and March 2016...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065093/cochlear-implantation-in-cochlear-ossification-retrospective-review-of-etiologies-surgical-considerations-and-auditory-outcomes
#12
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Margherita Bassi, Gianluca Rossi, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) To review the surgical and auditory outcomes and complications of cochlear implantation in cases with cochlear ossification. 2) To evaluate association between the extent and etiology of ossification to outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Otology and skull base surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 40 patients (42 ears) with cochlear ossification undergoing cochlear implantation were reviewed...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902803/cochlear-implantation-in-otosclerosis-surgical-and-auditory-outcomes-with-a-brief-on-facial-nerve-stimulation
#13
Ashish Vashishth, Andrea Fulcheri, Gianluca Rossi, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVES: 1) To review the surgical and auditory outcomes in patients of cochlear implantation in otosclerosis. 2) To review complications and postimplantation facial nerve stimulation (FNS). 3) To compare the auditory outcomes between patients displaying cochlear ossification to the nonossified ones. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Quaternary Otology and Skull base surgery center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 36 patients (38 ears) with otosclerosis undergoing cochlear implantation were reviewed from the cochlear implant database...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874211/audiological-outcome-of-stapes-surgery-for-far-advanced-cochlear-otosclerosis
#14
C Heining, R Banga, R Irving, C Coulson, P Monksfield
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced otosclerosis can present with hearing thresholds eligible for cochlear implantation. This study sought to address whether stapes surgery in this patient group provides a clinically significant audiological benefit. OBJECTIVES: To assess pre- and post-operative hearing outcomes of patients with advanced otosclerosis, and to determine what proportion of these patients required further surgery including cochlear implantation. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2015, 252 patients underwent primary stapes surgery at our institution...
November 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549773/cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-otosclerosis-of-the-otic-capsule
#15
Jay Burmeister, Susan Rathgeb, Jacques Herzog
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of cochlear implantation of patients with otosclerosis of the otic capsule. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 6 patients (7 ears). PATIENTS: 6 patients (7 ears), 5 patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; 1 patient with mild to profound sensorineural hearing loss, with radiologic evidence of otosclerosis. All patients were adult males, with or without history of stapes surgery...
September 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538469/an-assessment-of-the-clinical-acceptability-of-direct-acoustic-cochlear-implantation-for-adults-with-advanced-otosclerosis-in-the-united-kingdom
#16
Pádraig Thomas Kitterick, Guna Reddy-Kolanu, David Baguley, Jeremey Lavy, Peter Monksfield, Rupan Banga, Jaydip Ray, Ad Snik, Gerard M O'Donoghue
HYPOTHESIS: Assess the clinical acceptability of direct acoustic cochlear implantation for patients with advanced otosclerosis and the support for conducting a controlled trial of its effectiveness in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the efficacy of direct acoustic cochlear implantation in patients with advanced otosclerosis whose needs cannot be managed using the combination of stapes surgery and hearing aids. A controlled trial would provide evidence for its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness to healthcare commissioners...
August 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485298/the-surgical-treatment-results-of-otosclerosis-at-the-department-of-otolaryngology-silesian-medical-university-in-zabrze-in-years-2000-2010
#17
Gabriela Czerwińska, Wojciech Ścierski, Grzegorz Namysłowski, Grażyna Lisowska, Maciej Misiołek
BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a cause of 5-9% of all hearing loss. The most effective treatment of otoslerosis is stapedotomy. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of otosclerosis surgical treatment and to examine the impact of disease stage, time of the signs, age and sex on the results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 105 patients who underwent operation due to otosclerosis at the Department of Otolaryngology University Hospital in Zabrze at the age of 18-65 were analyzed...
April 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306649/secondary-endolymphatic-hydrops
#18
REVIEW
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Nevra Keskin, Michael M Paparella, Huseyin Isildak
HYPOTHESIS: A review of the most recent literature will provide clinicians with an update of secondary endolymphatic hydrops, aiding in diagnosis and treatment of affected patients. BACKGROUND: Secondary endolymphatic hydrops is a pathologic finding of the inner ear resulting in episodic vertigo and intermittent hearing loss. It is a finding for which extensive research is being performed. METHODS: A review of the most recent literature on secondary endolymphatic hydrops was performed using PubMed literature search...
June 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166089/the-change-in-electrical-stimulation-levels-during-24-months-postimplantation-for-a-large-cohort-of-adults-using-the-nucleus%C3%A2-cochlear-implant
#19
Emalka A Gajadeera, Karyn L Galvin, Richard C Dowell, Peter A Busby
OBJECTIVES: To examine electrical stimulation data over 24 months postimplantation in adult implant users. The first aim was to calculate mean T and C levels for seven time points, for four cochlear segments, and two array types. The second aim was to (a) analyze the degree of change in each of the T and C levels as a function of dynamic range for six consecutive time point comparisons, for the four segments, and (b) to determine the proportion of participants with an acceptable degree of change...
May 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060022/otosclerosis-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
Lora Batson, Denise Rizzolo
Otosclerosis is a complex and progressive disease of pathological bone remodeling that affects the otic capsule of the temporal bone, resulting in hearing loss. Although traditional diagnostic methods are still used, improvements in technology and research have paved the way for additional diagnostic techniques and advancements. The traditional treatment of otosclerosis, stapes surgery, is now being augmented or replaced by innovations in hearing aid technology and cochlear implants. Earlier diagnosis of otosclerosis can occur through understanding of the cause, risk factors, and current diagnostic testing...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
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