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Zhejie Chen, Chen Zhang, Fei Gao, Qiang Fu, Chaomei Fu, Yao He, Jinming Zhang
Chuanxiong Rhizome (called Chuanxiong, CX in Chinese), the dried rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, is an extremely common traditional edible-medicinal herb. As a widely used ethnomedicine in Asia including China, Japan and Korea, CX possesses ideal therapeutic effect on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and is also used as a major ingredient in soups for regular consumption to benefit health. Based on the traditional perception, amounts of investigations on different aspects have been done for CX in the past decades...
February 24, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Devesh Tewari, Adrian M Stankiewicz, Andrei Mocan, Archana N Sah, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Lukasz Huminiecki, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
Dementia is a clinical syndrome wherein gradual decline of mental and cognitive capabilities of an afflicted person takes place. Dementia is associated with various risk factors and conditions such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, toxin exposure, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative damage, and often coexisting with some neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), and Parkinson's disease (PD). Although there are well-established (semi-)synthetic drugs currently used for the management of AD and AD-associated dementia, most of them have several adverse effects...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Mohammad O Faruque, Shaikh B Uddin, James W Barlow, Sheng Hu, Shuang Dong, Qian Cai, Xiaohua Li, Xuebo Hu
This study documents information on significant ethnomedicinal plants, which was collected from the traditional healers of three indigenous communities of Bangladesh. The documented data were quantitatively analyzed for the first time in this area. The information was obtained through open-ended, semi-structured questionnaires. The benefits, importance and coverage of ethnomedicine were expressed through several quantitative indices including Informant Consensus Factor (ICF), Use Value (UV), Frequency of Citation (FC), Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) and Relative Importance Index (RI)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ying-Jie Wan, Jian-Xin Xia, Li Tang
Artemisia rupestris is a traditional medicine in Uygur and Kazak in Xinjiang Province, mainly distributed in the territory of Xinjiang Altai area, Tianshan mountains and the Kunlun mountains, growing at an altitude of 1 500 to 4 000 meters of grassland and forest areas. As the broad research on chemical constituents, pharmacological activity, the effective components of A. rupestris have attracted the interest to make up new drugs. Based on the latest research from A. rupestris, identification and geographic distribution, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, clinical applications were summarized in this article, in the view of Medicinal Ethnobotany...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Narel Y Paniagua-Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya-Huanca, Gere Ortiz-Soria, Milton Ortiz-Vaca, David Ortiz-Álvarez, Jorge Soria-Morán, María Soria-Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez-Moreno, Gualberto Chávez-Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: That the answers elicited through interviews may be influenced by the knowledge of the interviewer is accepted across disciplines. However, in ethnobotany, there is little evidence to quantitatively assess what impact this effect may have. We use the results of a large study of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of plant use of the Chácobo and Pacahuara of Beni, Bolivia, to explore the effects of interviewer identity and knowledge upon the elicited plant species and uses...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Afnan Alqethami, Julie A Hawkins, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
BACKGROUND: This study explores medicinal plant knowledge and use among Muslim women in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Ethnobotanical research in the region has focused on rural populations and male herbal healers in cities, and based on these few studies, it is suggested that medicinal plant knowledge may be eroding. Here, we document lay, female knowledge of medicinal plants in an urban centre, interpreting findings in the light of the growing field of urban ethnobotany and gendered knowledge and in an Islamic context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Kevin A Jernigan, Olga S Belichenko, Valeria B Kolosova, Darlene J Orr
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on health-related plant use among speakers of the critically endangered Naukan language (Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family) in the Russian Far East. The Naukan people were forced, in 1958, under Soviet consolidation, to move from their original settlement on Cape Dezhnev, leading to significant changes in spiritual worldview, subsistence, social structure, and language proficiency in the years that followed. Here, we focus on changes that elders report in their edible, medicinal, and spiritual uses of local plant species since their childhood...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights into potential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ali Attiq, Juriyati Jalil, Khairana Husain
Inventories of tropical forests have listed Annonaceae as one of the most diverse plant families. For centuries, it is employed in traditional medicines to cure various pathological conditions including snakebite, analgesic, astringent, diarrhea, dysentery, arthritis pain, rheumatism, neuralgia, and weight loss etc. Phytochemical analysis of Annonaceae family have reported the occurrence of alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenes, diterpenes and diterpene flavone glycosides, sterols, lignans, and annonaceous acetogenin characteristically affiliated with Annonaceae sp...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya Huanca, Gere Ortiz Soria, Milton Ortiz Vaca, David Ortiz Álvarez, Jorge Soria Morán, María Soria Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez Moreno, Gualberto Chávez Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: The Chácobo are a Panoan speaking tribe of about 1000 members (300+ adults) in Beni, Bolivia. Originally nomadic, the Chácabo were relocated to their current main location in the 1960s. Researchers have visited the Chácabo since 1911. A first more detailed anthropological report exists from the late 1960s, and ecological-ethnobotanical studies were conducted in the 1980s and 1990s. The presented work represents a complete ethnobotanical inventory of the entire adult Chácobo population, with interviews and plant collection conducted directly by Chácobo counterparts...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Leila Mahmoodnia, Shahla Alaei, Fatemeh Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are currently on the rise due to industrialization of the communities, which has recently led to increased incidence of different diseases such as diabetes. Epidemiological studies and figures have demonstrated the growing incidence of diabetes. Relevantly, the side effects of chemical drugs have led patients to use medicinal plants and traditional approaches despite advances in development of chemical drugs. The aim of this review article is to report the medicinal plants and their traditional uses to prevent and treat diabetes according to the findings of ethnobotanical studies conducted in different regions of Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
Bin-Sheng Luo, Rong-Hui Gu, Edward James Kennelly, Chunlin Long
Gaultheria, a genus belonging to the Ericaceae family, is typically a shrub that produces berries, and closely resembles the blueberry genus Vaccinium. Gaultheria species are used worldwide especially as food and medicine in China. Certain Gaultheria species are biologically active, as antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, and cytotoxic agents. Through literatures searches and field surveys, the results of ethnobotanical uses, especially in China, as well as in vitro and in vivo studies are reviewed critically...
October 3, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Sarri Madani, Boudjelal Amel, Hendel Noui, Sarri Djamel, Hamdaoui Hadjer
BACKGROUND/AIM: This work aimed an ethnobatanical study on the galactogenic plants used in the Berhoum region (East of M'sila, Algeria) as a part of different studies on the medicinal plants related to M'sila region. METHODS: The fieldwork was undertaken as an ethnobotanical survey involving 76 informants (mean age: 50; 64% women, 36% men). Used the medicinal plants were identified, and the results were analyzed according to literature investigation dealing with ethnobotany...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Andrew J Lees
In 1953, William Seward Burroughs made several important and largely unrecognized discoveries relating to the composition and clinical pharmacological effects of the hallucinogenic plant potion known as yagé or ayahuasca. Illustrations of Burroughs' voucher sample of Psychotria viridis and his letter to the father of modern ethnobotany, Richard Evans Schultes, are published here for the very first time.
November 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
John de la Parra, Cassandra L Quave
Ethnobotany (the scientific study of traditional plant knowledge) has aided the discovery of important medicines. However, as single-molecule drugs or synergistic mixtures, these remedies have faced obstacles in production and analysis. Now, advances in bioreactor technology, metabolic engineering, and analytical instrumentation are improving the production, manipulation, and scientific understanding of such remedies.
September 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
Antoine M Saab, Roberto Gambari, Gianni Sacchetti, Alessandra Guerrini, Ilaria Lampronti, Massimo Tacchini, Antoine El Samrani, Samir Medawar, Hassane Makhlouf, Mona Tannoury, Jihad Abboud, Mona Diab-Assaf, Anake Kijjoa, Rosa Tundis, Jawad Aoun, Thomas Efferth
Natural products frequently exert pharmacological activities. The present review gives an overview of the ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the Cedrus genus, e.g. cytotoxic, spasmolytic immunomodulatory, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Cancer patients frequently seek remedies from traditional medicinal plants that are believed to exert less side effects than conventional therapy with synthetic drugs. A long-lasting goal of anti-cancer and anti-microbial therapy research is to find compounds with reduced side effects compared to currently approved drugs...
July 3, 2017: Natural Product Research
Juan Fernando Pío-León, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Bernardo Murillo-Amador, José Luís León-de-la-Luz, Rito Vega-Aviña, Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, Miguel Córdoba-Matson, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
Ethnobotany is an adequate tool to identify the most import wild edible plants used by local people and to develop strategies for its sustainable use and policy making. This research records the wild edible plants used by the inhabitants of the Sierra la Laguna Biosphere Reserve, in Mexico, and identified priority species for sustainable development. The employed quantitative approach included the application of a food-oriented index named Food Significance Index (FSI), which integrated cultural, agricultural and food parameters; moreover, it used multivariate analysis to identify priority edible species for use and/or conservation...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad, Abdul Saboor, Sue Page, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: To report the indigenous people's uses of plants from a multidimensional perspective in a remote area where strong ethnobotanical cultural practices prevail. METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the field during 2014-2016. Ethnobotanical data were gathered from 182 informants through oral interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. The distribution of plants was explored using both descriptive and graphical methods. Further, a Multinomial Logit Specification was applied to find out the probability of the occurrence of diverse utilization of plants in multipurpose domains...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: Local communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a long history of medicinal plant usage. Like in other parts of the developing world, rural and urban communities are still dependent on herbal medicines for primary health care, and the use of herbal medicines is still an integral part of their daily life and socio-cultural life style. The objective of this paper is to summarise information on the ethnobotany and pharmacology of Kirkia acuminata Oliv. throughout its distributional range...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
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