keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ethnobotany

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412219/medicinal-plant-uses-and-names-from-the-herbarium-of-francesc-bol%C3%A3-s-1773-1844
#1
Airy Gras, Teresa Garnatje, Neus Ibàñez, Jordi López-Pujol, Neus Nualart, Joan Vallè
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotany takes into account past uses to be projected into the present and future. Most current ethnobotanical research is focused, especially in industrialised countries, on obtaining information of plant uses from elderly people. Historical ethnobotany is less cultivated, although papers have demonstrated its interest. Particularly poor, but potentially very relevant, is the attention paid to historical herbaria as a source of data on useful plants...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411017/biological-properties-of-propolis-extracts-something-new-from-an-ancient-product
#2
REVIEW
Nada Zabaiou, Allan Fouache, Amalia Trousson, Silvère Baron, Amar Zellagui, Mesbah Lahouel, Jean-Marc A Lobaccaro
Natural products are an interesting source of new therapeutics, especially for cancer therapy as 70% of them have botany origin. Propolis, a resinous mixture that honey bees collect and transform from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources, has been used by ethnobotany and traditional practitioners as early in Egypt as 3000 BC. Enriched in flavonoids, phenol acids and terpene derivatives, propolis has been widely used for its antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Even though it is a challenge to standardize propolis composition, chemical analyses have pointed out interesting molecules that also present anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties that are of interest in the field of anti-cancer therapy...
April 11, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#3
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261094/dioscorea-spp-a-wild-edible-tuber-a-study-on-its-ethnopharmacological-potential-and-traditional-use-by-the-local-people-of-similipal-biosphere-reserve-india
#4
REVIEW
Sanjeet Kumar, Gitishree Das, Han-Seung Shin, Jayanta Kumar Patra
A number of wild crops remain unexplored in this world and among them some have excellent medicinal and nutritional properties. India is a harbor of biodiversity in general and phytodiversity in particular. The plant diversity is distributed from the Western Ghats to Eastern Ghats, along with the North-Eastern region and from the Greater Himalayas to the plain of Ganga. Among these distributed floral regions of the country, the Eastern Ghats are important due to their rich floral diversity. The forests of Odisha form a major part of Eastern Ghats in general and the Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) in particular...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217096/gymnadenia-conopsea-l-r-br-a-systemic-review-of-the-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-an-important-asian-folk-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Xiaofei Shang, Xiao Guo, Yu Liu, Hu Pan, Xiaolou Miao, Jiyu Zhang
Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br. (Orchidaceae) is a perennial herbaceous orchid plant that grows widely throughout Europe and in temperate and subtropical zones of Asia. In China, its tuber has been used in traditional Chinese medicines, Tibetan medicines, Mongolian medicines and other ethnic medicines, and taken to treat numerous health conditions. The present paper provides a review of the traditional uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and toxicology to highlight the future prospects of the plant...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209326/ethnobotany-phylogeny-and-omics-for-human-health-and-food-security
#6
Teresa Garnatje, Josep Peñuelas, Joan Vallès
Here, we propose a new term, 'ethnobotanical convergence', to refer to the similar uses for plants included in the same node of a phylogeny. This phylogenetic approach, together with the 'omics' revolution, shows how combining modern technologies with traditional ethnobotanical knowledge could be used to identify potential new applications of plants.
March 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198919/natural-compounds-from-mexican-medicinal-plants-as-potential-drug-leads-for-anti-tuberculosis-drugs
#7
Rocio Gómez-Cansino, Silvia Laura Guzmán-Gutiérrez, María Guadalupe Campos-Lara, Clara Ines Espitia-Pinzón, Ricardo Reyes-Chilpa
In Mexican Traditional Medicine 187 plant species are used in the treatment of respiratory conditions that may be associated with tuberculosis. In this contribution, we review the ethnobotany, chemistry and pharmacology of 63 species whose extracts have been assayed for antimycobacterial activity in vitro. Among these, the most potent is Aristolochia brevipes (MIC= 12.5 µg/mL), followed by Aristolochia taliscana, Citrus sinensis, Chrysactinia mexicana, Persea americana, and Olea europaea (MIC<64 µg/mL)...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043897/natural-products-against-alzheimer-s-disease-pharmaco-therapeutics-and-biotechnological-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Abhijit Dey, Raktim Bhattacharya, Anuradha Mukherjee, Devendra Kumar Pandey
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe, chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with memory and cognition impairment ultimately leading to death. It is the commonest reason of dementia in elderly populations mostly affecting beyond the age of 65. The pathogenesis is indicated by accumulation of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in brain tissues and hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in neurons. The main cause is considered to be the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to oxidative stress...
March 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038955/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-pulmonary-fibrosis-therapy-progress-and-future
#9
REVIEW
Liu-Cheng Li, Lian-Di Kan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a chronic, debilitating and often lethal lung disorder. Despite the molecular mechanisms of PF are gradually clear with numerous researchers' efforts, few effective drugs have been developed to reverse human PF or even halt the chronic progression to respiratory failure. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the main component of the medical practice used for more than 5000 years especially in China, often exerts wider action spectrum than previously attempted options in treating human diseases...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989875/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-toxicology-and-pharmacological-properties-of-terminalia-sericea-burch-ex-dc-combretaceae-a-review
#10
REVIEW
N I Mongalo, L J McGaw, T V Segapelo, J F Finnie, J Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL REFERENCE: The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of infections is ancient. A wide variety of ethnotherapeutic properties and pharmacological actions has been attributed to Terminalia sericea. Studies by various groups of investigators reveal that it is a multipurpose medicinal plant used mostly in the treatment of diarrhoea, sexually transmitted infections, skin rashes, tuberculosis and other infections. The current paper is aimed at providing an overview of the ethnomedicinal uses, toxicology, pharmacology and the phytochemistry of Terminalia sericea...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#11
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856541/online-teaching-resources-about-medicinal-plants-and-ethnobotany
#12
Kristina M Straus, Eric H Chudler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773801/a-review-of-ethnoboatany-therapeutic-value-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-crinum-macowanii-baker-a-highly-traded-bulbous-plant-in-southern-africa
#13
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crinum macowanii is a deciduous bulbous plant which grows in east, central and southern Africa. Crinum macowanii has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of east and southern Africa has for several centuries. The bulb, leaves and roots of C. macowanii are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and ailments throughout its distributional range. Crinum macowanii is used traditionally as a remedy for boils, diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, respiratory system problems, skin rashes, tuberculosis, wounds and urinary tract problems...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761334/the-ethnobotany-of-psychoactive-plant-use-a-phylogenetic-perspective
#14
Nashmiah Aid Alrashedy, Jeanmaire Molina
Psychoactive plants contain chemicals that presumably evolved as allelochemicals but target certain neuronal receptors when consumed by humans, altering perception, emotion and cognition. These plants have been used since ancient times as medicines and in the context of religious rituals for their various psychoactive effects (e.g., as hallucinogens, stimulants, sedatives). The ubiquity of psychoactive plants in various cultures motivates investigation of the commonalities among these plants, in which a phylogenetic framework may be insightful...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667563/traditional-food-uses-of-wild-plants-among-the-gorani-of-south-kosovo
#15
Andrea Pieroni, Renata Sõukand, Cassandra L Quave, Avni Hajdari, Behxhet Mustafa
A food ethnobotanical field study was conducted among the Gorani of South Kosovo, a small ethnic minority group that speaks a South-Slavic language and lives in the south of the country. We conducted forty-one semi-structured interviews in ten villages of the Kosovar Gora mountainous area and found that seventy-nine wild botanical and mycological taxa represent the complex mosaic of the food cultural heritage in this population. A large portion of the wild food plant reports refer to fermented wild fruit-based beverages and herbal teas, while the role of wild vegetables is restricted...
January 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659258/a-comparative-ethnobotany-of-khevsureti-samtskhe-javakheti-tusheti-svaneti-and-racha-lechkhumi-republic-of-georgia-sakartvelo-caucasus
#16
Rainer W Bussmann, Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Shalva Sikharulidze, Zaal Kikvidze, David Kikodze, David Tchelidze, Manana Khutsishvili, Ketevan Batsatsashvili, Robbie E Hart
BACKGROUND: The Republic of Georgia (Sakartvelo in Georgian language) is part of the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot, and human agricultural plant use dates bat at least 6000 years. However, little ethnobiological research has been published from the region since the 1940s. Given the lack of recent research in the region, the present study we report on plant uses in Skartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. We hypothesized that, (1) given the long tradition of plant use, and the isolation under Soviet rule, plant use both based on homegardens and wild harvesting would be more pronounced in Georgia than in the wiser region, (2) the Soviet occupation would have had broad influence on plant use, and (3) there would still be incidence of knowledge loss despite wide plant use...
2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612599/ethnobotany-of-the-balti-community-tormik-valley-karakorum-range-baltistan-pakistan
#17
Zaheer Abbas, Shujaul Mulk Khan, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Andrea Pieroni, Zahid Ullah, Muhammad Iqbal, Zeeshan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Limited health facilities and malnutrition are major problems in the Karakorum Range of Northern Pakistan, often resulting in various human disorders. Since centuries, however, local communities in these areas have developed traditional methods for treating various ailments and local foods capes that can be significant for devising public health and nutritional policies. This study was intended to document the ethnobotanical knowledge of the local peoples in the Tormik Valley, especially in the medical and food domains...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586388/exploiting-indigenous-knowledge-of-subsistence-farmers-for-the-management-and-conservation-of-enset-ensete-ventricosum-welw-cheesman-musaceae-family-diversity-on-farm
#18
Zerihun Yemataw, Kassahun Tesfaye, Awole Zeberga, Guy Blomme
BACKGROUND: Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) belongs to the order sctaminae, the family musaceae. The Musaceae family is subdivided into the genera Musa and Ensete. Enset is an important staple crop for about 20 million people in the country. Recent publications on enset ethnobotany are insignificant when compared to the diverse ethnolingustic communities in the country. Hence, this paper try to identify and document wealth of indigenous knowledge associated with the distribution, diversity, and management of enset in the country...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566202/the-genus-anogeissus-a-review-on-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#19
REVIEW
Deeksha Singh, Uttam Singh Baghel, Anshoo Gautam, Dheeraj Singh Baghel, Divya Yadav, Jai Malik, Rakesh Yadav
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Anogeissus (axlewood tree, ghatti tree, button tree and chewing stick tree) belongs to Combretaceae, includes eight species that are distributed in Asia and Africa. Plants are used as an ethnomedicine in Asia and Africa to treat various ailments like diabetes, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, tuberculosis, wound healing, skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis), snake and scorpion venom. Based on the traditional knowledge, different phytochemical and pharmacological activities have been at the focus of research...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496015/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-aqueous-extract-and-bioactive-compounds-identified-from-the-fruits-of-hancornia-speciosa-gomes-apocynaceae
#20
Manoela Torres-Rêgo, Allanny Alves Furtado, Mariana Angélica Oliveira Bitencourt, Maira Conceição Jerônimo de Souza Lima, Rafael Caetano Lisbôa Castro de Andrade, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Thaciane da Cunha Soares, José Carlos Tomaz, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Arnóbio Antônio da Silva-Júnior, Silvana Maria Zucolotto, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa
BACKGROUND: Hancornia speciosa Gomes (Apocynaceae), popularly known as "mangabeira," has been used in folk medicine to treat inflammatory disorders, hypertension, dermatitis, diabetes, liver diseases and gastric disorders. Although the ethnobotany indicates that its fruits can be used for the treatment of ulcers and inflammatory disorders, only few studies have been conducted to prove such biological activities. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of the aqueous extract of the fruits of H...
August 5, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
keyword
keyword
19580
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"