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Ethnobotany

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#1
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104539/annonaceae-breaking-the-wall-of-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Ali Attiq, Juriyati Jalil, Khairana Husain
Inventories of tropical forests have listed Annonaceae as one of the most diverse plant families. For centuries, it is employed in traditional medicines to cure various pathological conditions including snakebite, analgesic, astringent, diarrhea, dysentery, arthritis pain, rheumatism, neuralgia, and weight loss etc. Phytochemical analysis of Annonaceae family have reported the occurrence of alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenes, diterpenes and diterpene flavone glycosides, sterols, lignans, and annonaceous acetogenin characteristically affiliated with Annonaceae sp...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017576/traditional-knowledge-hiding-in-plain-sight-twenty-first-century-ethnobotany-of-the-ch%C3%A3-cobo-in-beni-bolivia
#3
Narel Y Paniagua Zambrana, Rainer W Bussmann, Robbie E Hart, Araceli L Moya Huanca, Gere Ortiz Soria, Milton Ortiz Vaca, David Ortiz Álvarez, Jorge Soria Morán, María Soria Morán, Saúl Chávez, Bertha Chávez Moreno, Gualberto Chávez Moreno, Oscar Roca, Erlin Siripi
BACKGROUND: The Chácobo are a Panoan speaking tribe of about 1000 members (300+ adults) in Beni, Bolivia. Originally nomadic, the Chácabo were relocated to their current main location in the 1960s. Researchers have visited the Chácabo since 1911. A first more detailed anthropological report exists from the late 1960s, and ecological-ethnobotanical studies were conducted in the 1980s and 1990s. The presented work represents a complete ethnobotanical inventory of the entire adult Chácobo population, with interviews and plant collection conducted directly by Chácobo counterparts...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975089/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-to-prevent-and-treat-diabetes-an-updated-review-of-ethnobotanical-studies-in-iran
#4
REVIEW
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Leila Mahmoodnia, Shahla Alaei, Fatemeh Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are currently on the rise due to industrialization of the communities, which has recently led to increased incidence of different diseases such as diabetes. Epidemiological studies and figures have demonstrated the growing incidence of diabetes. Relevantly, the side effects of chemical drugs have led patients to use medicinal plants and traditional approaches despite advances in development of chemical drugs. The aim of this review article is to report the medicinal plants and their traditional uses to prevent and treat diabetes according to the findings of ethnobotanical studies conducted in different regions of Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971763/gaultheria-ethnobotany-and-bioactivity-blueberry-relatives-with-anti-inflammatory-antioxidant-and-anticancer-constituents
#5
Bin-Sheng Luo, Rong-Hui Gu, Edward James Kennelly, Chunlin Long
Gaultheria, a genus belonging to the Ericaceae family, is typically a shrub that produces berries, and closely resembles the blueberry genus Vaccinium. Gaultheria species are used worldwide especially as food and medicine in China. Certain Gaultheria species are biologically active, as antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, and cytotoxic agents. Through literatures searches and field surveys, the results of ethnobotanical uses, especially in China, as well as in vitro and in vivo studies are reviewed critically...
October 3, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894630/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-galactogenic-plants-of-the-berhoum-district-m-sila-algeria
#6
Sarri Madani, Boudjelal Amel, Hendel Noui, Sarri Djamel, Hamdaoui Hadjer
BACKGROUND/AIM: This work aimed an ethnobatanical study on the galactogenic plants used in the Berhoum region (East of M'sila, Algeria) as a part of different studies on the medicinal plants related to M'sila region. METHODS: The fieldwork was undertaken as an ethnobotanical survey involving 76 informants (mean age: 50; 64% women, 36% men). Used the medicinal plants were identified, and the results were analyzed according to literature investigation dealing with ethnobotany...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796595/william-burroughs-sailor-of-the-soul
#7
Andrew J Lees
In 1953, William Seward Burroughs made several important and largely unrecognized discoveries relating to the composition and clinical pharmacological effects of the hallucinogenic plant potion known as yagé or ayahuasca. Illustrations of Burroughs' voucher sample of Psychotria viridis and his letter to the father of modern ethnobotany, Richard Evans Schultes, are published here for the very first time.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751146/ethnophytotechnology-harnessing-the-power-of-ethnobotany-with-biotechnology
#8
John de la Parra, Cassandra L Quave
Ethnobotany (the scientific study of traditional plant knowledge) has aided the discovery of important medicines. However, as single-molecule drugs or synergistic mixtures, these remedies have faced obstacles in production and analysis. Now, advances in bioreactor technology, metabolic engineering, and analytical instrumentation are improving the production, manipulation, and scientific understanding of such remedies.
September 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670915/phytochemical-and-pharmacological-properties-of-essential-oils-from-cedrus-species
#9
Antoine M Saab, Roberto Gambari, Gianni Sacchetti, Alessandra Guerrini, Ilaria Lampronti, Massimo Tacchini, Antoine El Samrani, Samir Medawar, Hassane Makhlouf, Mona Tannoury, Jihad Abboud, Mona Diab-Assaf, Anake Kijjoa, Rosa Tundis, Jawad Aoun, Thomas Efferth
Natural products frequently exert pharmacological activities. The present review gives an overview of the ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the Cedrus genus, e.g. cytotoxic, spasmolytic immunomodulatory, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Cancer patients frequently seek remedies from traditional medicinal plants that are believed to exert less side effects than conventional therapy with synthetic drugs. A long-lasting goal of anti-cancer and anti-microbial therapy research is to find compounds with reduced side effects compared to currently approved drugs...
July 3, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649008/environmental-traditional-knowledge-in-a-natural-protected-area-as-the-basis-for-management-and-conservation-policies
#10
Juan Fernando Pío-León, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Bernardo Murillo-Amador, José Luís León-de-la-Luz, Rito Vega-Aviña, Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, Miguel Córdoba-Matson, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
Ethnobotany is an adequate tool to identify the most import wild edible plants used by local people and to develop strategies for its sustainable use and policy making. This research records the wild edible plants used by the inhabitants of the Sierra la Laguna Biosphere Reserve, in Mexico, and identified priority species for sustainable development. The employed quantitative approach included the application of a food-oriented index named Food Significance Index (FSI), which integrated cultural, agricultural and food parameters; moreover, it used multivariate analysis to identify priority edible species for use and/or conservation...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647189/ethnobotanical-profiling-of-the-medicinal-flora-of-kotli-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan-empirical-reflections-on-multinomial-logit-specifications
#11
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad, Abdul Saboor, Sue Page, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: To report the indigenous people's uses of plants from a multidimensional perspective in a remote area where strong ethnobotanical cultural practices prevail. METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the field during 2014-2016. Ethnobotanical data were gathered from 182 informants through oral interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. The distribution of plants was explored using both descriptive and graphical methods. Further, a Multinomial Logit Specification was applied to find out the probability of the occurrence of diverse utilization of plants in multipurpose domains...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573238/kirkia-acuminata-oliv-a-review-of-its-ethnobotany-and-pharmacology
#12
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
BACKGROUND: Local communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a long history of medicinal plant usage. Like in other parts of the developing world, rural and urban communities are still dependent on herbal medicines for primary health care, and the use of herbal medicines is still an integral part of their daily life and socio-cultural life style. The objective of this paper is to summarise information on the ethnobotany and pharmacology of Kirkia acuminata Oliv. throughout its distributional range...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412219/medicinal-plant-uses-and-names-from-the-herbarium-of-francesc-bol%C3%A3-s-1773-1844
#13
Airy Gras, Teresa Garnatje, Neus Ibàñez, Jordi López-Pujol, Neus Nualart, Joan Vallè
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotany takes into account past uses to be projected into the present and future. Most current ethnobotanical research is focused, especially in industrialised countries, on obtaining information of plant uses from elderly people. Historical ethnobotany is less cultivated, although papers have demonstrated its interest. Particularly poor, but potentially very relevant, is the attention paid to historical herbaria as a source of data on useful plants...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411017/biological-properties-of-propolis-extracts-something-new-from-an-ancient-product
#14
REVIEW
Nada Zabaiou, Allan Fouache, Amalia Trousson, Silvère Baron, Amar Zellagui, Mesbah Lahouel, Jean-Marc A Lobaccaro
Natural products are an interesting source of new therapeutics, especially for cancer therapy as 70% of them have botany origin. Propolis, a resinous mixture that honey bees collect and transform from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources, has been used by ethnobotany and traditional practitioners as early in Egypt as 3000 BCE. Enriched in flavonoids, phenol acids and terpene derivatives, propolis has been widely used for its antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Even though it is a challenge to standardize propolis composition, chemical analyses have pointed out interesting molecules that also present anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties that are of interest in the field of anti-cancer therapy...
October 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#15
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261094/dioscorea-spp-a-wild-edible-tuber-a-study-on-its-ethnopharmacological-potential-and-traditional-use-by-the-local-people-of-similipal-biosphere-reserve-india
#16
REVIEW
Sanjeet Kumar, Gitishree Das, Han-Seung Shin, Jayanta Kumar Patra
A number of wild crops remain unexplored in this world and among them some have excellent medicinal and nutritional properties. India is a harbor of biodiversity in general and phytodiversity in particular. The plant diversity is distributed from the Western Ghats to Eastern Ghats, along with the North-Eastern region and from the Greater Himalayas to the plain of Ganga. Among these distributed floral regions of the country, the Eastern Ghats are important due to their rich floral diversity. The forests of Odisha form a major part of Eastern Ghats in general and the Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) in particular...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217096/gymnadenia-conopsea-l-r-br-a-systemic-review-of-the-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-an-important-asian-folk-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Xiaofei Shang, Xiao Guo, Yu Liu, Hu Pan, Xiaolou Miao, Jiyu Zhang
Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br. (Orchidaceae) is a perennial herbaceous orchid plant that grows widely throughout Europe and in temperate and subtropical zones of Asia. In China, its tuber has been used in traditional Chinese medicines, Tibetan medicines, Mongolian medicines and other ethnic medicines, and taken to treat numerous health conditions. The present paper provides a review of the traditional uses, phytochemistry, biological activities, and toxicology to highlight the future prospects of the plant...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209326/ethnobotany-phylogeny-and-omics-for-human-health-and-food-security
#18
Teresa Garnatje, Josep Peñuelas, Joan Vallès
Here, we propose a new term, 'ethnobotanical convergence', to refer to the similar uses for plants included in the same node of a phylogeny. This phylogenetic approach, together with the 'omics' revolution, shows how combining modern technologies with traditional ethnobotanical knowledge could be used to identify potential new applications of plants.
March 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198919/natural-compounds-from-mexican-medicinal-plants-as-potential-drug-leads-for-anti-tuberculosis-drugs
#19
Rocio Gómez-Cansino, Silvia Laura Guzmán-Gutiérrez, María Guadalupe Campos-Lara, Clara Ines Espitia-Pinzón, Ricardo Reyes-Chilpa
In Mexican Traditional Medicine 187 plant species are used in the treatment of respiratory conditions that may be associated with tuberculosis. In this contribution, we review the ethnobotany, chemistry and pharmacology of 63 species whose extracts have been assayed for antimycobacterial activity in vitro. Among these, the most potent is Aristolochia brevipes (MIC= 12.5 µg/mL), followed by Aristolochia taliscana, Citrus sinensis, Chrysactinia mexicana, Persea americana, and Olea europaea (MIC<64 µg/mL)...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043897/natural-products-against-alzheimer-s-disease-pharmaco-therapeutics-and-biotechnological-interventions
#20
REVIEW
Abhijit Dey, Raktim Bhattacharya, Anuradha Mukherjee, Devendra Kumar Pandey
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe, chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with memory and cognition impairment ultimately leading to death. It is the commonest reason of dementia in elderly populations mostly affecting beyond the age of 65. The pathogenesis is indicated by accumulation of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in brain tissues and hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in neurons. The main cause is considered to be the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to oxidative stress...
March 2017: Biotechnology Advances
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