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Charlotte I E A van 't Klooster, Vinije Haabo, Sofie Ruysschaert, Tessa Vossen, Tinde R van Andel
BACKGROUND: Herbal baths play an important role in the traditional health care of Maroons living in the interior of Suriname. However, little is known on the differences in plant ingredients used among and within the Maroon groups. We compared plant use in herbal baths documented for Saramaccan and Aucan Maroons, to see whether similarity in species was related to bath type, ethnic group, or geographical location. We hypothesized that because of their dissimilar cultural background, they used different species for the same type of bath...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Ayman I Elkady, Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Saleh Alkarim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal herb, Anethum graveolens L. (dill) is one of the potent culinary herbs used as an alternative form of medicine worldwide. The unguent topical Oil from the aerial parts of A. graveolens was found to be effective in the management of uterus cancer in ethnomedicine has been reported. BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are steadily rising worldwide, especially, in underdeveloped and developing countries...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Talib Hussain, Shrestha Bajpai, Mohd Saeed, Muhammad Amjad Kamal, Ghulam Md Ashraf
There is a long history of traditional medicine for serving world population. For the prevention and treatment of cancer numerous medicinal herbs from entire world including India are being used traditionally. Whenever we talk about treatment of cancer, medicinal plants always have been on the top. For the prevention and treatment of cancer, herbal medicines have played an important role. Countless anticancer plants have been recognized with the help of innovative techniques including isolation and structure elucidation that implement their beneficial effect by increasing immunity of the body, inducing antioxidant action, endorsing making of shielding enzymes, hindering cancer triggering enzymes and hormones, and exciting DNA restoration mechanism...
March 5, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
Jun-Won Yun, Ji-Ran You, Yun-Soon Kim, Seung-Hyun Kim, Eun-Young Cho, Jung-Hee Yoon, Euna Kwon, Ja-June Jang, Jin-Sung Park, Hyoung-Chin Kim, Jeong-Hwan Che, Byeong-Cheol Kang
Cinnamomum cassia has been widely used as a natural product to treat diseases in Asia due to its diverse pharmacological functions including anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, and anti-tumor effects. Despite its ethnomedicinal benefits, little information regarding its toxicity is currently available. The aim of this study was to evaluate its potential long-term toxicity and genotoxicity in compliance with test guidelines of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development...
February 28, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Muhammad Irfan, Tae-Hyung Kwon, Bong-Sik Yun, Nyun-Ho Park, Man Hee Rhee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sea weeds have been used since ancient times in Asian countries, especially in Korea, Japan, and China, as both edible sea vegetables and traditional medicinal tonics due to their health benefits. Eisenia bicyclis has been studied for anti-allergic and anti-cancer effects; however, its effects on the cardiovascular system, especially on platelet function, are yet to be explored. Therefore, we examined the effect of E. bicyclis on platelet function. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: E...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Zhejie Chen, Chen Zhang, Fei Gao, Qiang Fu, Chaomei Fu, Yao He, Jinming Zhang
Chuanxiong Rhizome (called Chuanxiong, CX in Chinese), the dried rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, is an extremely common traditional edible-medicinal herb. As a widely used ethnomedicine in Asia including China, Japan and Korea, CX possesses ideal therapeutic effect on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and is also used as a major ingredient in soups for regular consumption to benefit health. Based on the traditional perception, amounts of investigations on different aspects have been done for CX in the past decades...
February 24, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Sandeep Rawat, Arun K Jugran, Indra D Bhatt, Ranbeer S Rawal
OBJECTIVES: Hedychium spicatum Buch. Ham. ex D.Don. (Family Zingiberaceae) is a rhizomatous herb, used in medicines, food, cosmetics and perfumery industries. Traditionally, it is widely used in treating inflammation, pain, asthma, foul breath, vomiting, diarrhoea, bronchitis, hiccough and blood diseases. This study systematically reviewed traditional and folk uses, pharmacological properties, bioactive compounds and market potential of H. spicatum. Research gaps and potential of future research have also been discussed...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Devesh Tewari, Adrian M Stankiewicz, Andrei Mocan, Archana N Sah, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Lukasz Huminiecki, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
Dementia is a clinical syndrome wherein gradual decline of mental and cognitive capabilities of an afflicted person takes place. Dementia is associated with various risk factors and conditions such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, toxin exposure, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative damage, and often coexisting with some neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), and Parkinson's disease (PD). Although there are well-established (semi-)synthetic drugs currently used for the management of AD and AD-associated dementia, most of them have several adverse effects...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Syed Bilal Shah, Tahir Rasheed, Hafiz M N Iqbal
BACKGROUND: The naturally inspired treatment options for several disease conditions and human-health related disorders such as diabetes mellitus have gained considerable research interest. In this context, naturally occurring plants and herbs with medicinal functionalities have gained special place than ever before in the current medicinal world. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to extend the current knowledge in the clinical field related to the diabetic complications...
February 21, 2018: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Mohammad O Faruque, Shaikh B Uddin, James W Barlow, Sheng Hu, Shuang Dong, Qian Cai, Xiaohua Li, Xuebo Hu
This study documents information on significant ethnomedicinal plants, which was collected from the traditional healers of three indigenous communities of Bangladesh. The documented data were quantitatively analyzed for the first time in this area. The information was obtained through open-ended, semi-structured questionnaires. The benefits, importance and coverage of ethnomedicine were expressed through several quantitative indices including Informant Consensus Factor (ICF), Use Value (UV), Frequency of Citation (FC), Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) and Relative Importance Index (RI)...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Tahereh Maleki, Hossein Akhani
ETHNOBOTANICAL RELEVANCE: From ancient times, the applied use of herbs has been common among indigenous people throughout the world. The present survey is a regional ethnobotanical study of Baluchi tribes living in the Mt. Taftan area, Sistan and Baluchistan Province, southeastern Iran. The aim of this study was to document all traditional knowledge and analyze the medicinal plants used in area and also to identify significant plant species for future pharmacological study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Local knowledge was obtained through semi structured and open interviews, in which 51 informants were interviewed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Nigatu Tuasha, Beyene Petros, Zemede Asfaw
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants (MPs) used by traditional healers (THs) were investigated in Megera and adjacent subdistricts (kebeles) of Dalle District, Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to identify and record MPs and their traditional uses in the treatment of various human ailments with emphasis on malignancies and other most frequently reported diseases. METHODS: Traditional medicinal knowledge held by 20 THs was investigated following standard ethnobotanical approaches...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Shiyao Hua, Yiwei Zhang, Jiayue Liu, Lin Dong, Jun Huang, Dingbo Lin, Xueyan Fu
Smilax glabra (SG) Roxb., a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, has been extensively used worldwide for its marked pharmacological activities for treating syphilitic poisoned sores, limb hypertonicity, morbid leucorrhea, eczema pruritus, strangury due to heat, carbuncle toxin, and many other human ailments. Approximately 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from SG Roxb., and the major components have been determined to be flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, phenolic acids, and steroids. Among these active compounds, the effects of astilbin, which is used as a quality control marker to determine the quality of SG Roxb...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Munachimso Ihuoma Udobi, Terry Adaeze Nzeakor, Ifeanyi Gabriel Eke, Ikenna Onyema Ezeh, Amaechi Onyeabor, Idika Kalu Idika, Chukwunyere Okwudiri Nwosu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duranta erecta L. fruits have been reported to have in vitro anthelminthic properties. People living in the tropical South-Eastern part of Nigeria use the plant in folk medicine for the treatment of malaria, abscesses and as a vermifuge. Although there are a few reports about its in vitro anthelminthic activity against different worm categories, scientific reports regarding its in vivo anthelminthic activity are limited. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was designed with the aim of determining the potential of the plant as an anthelminthic and to verify the claims made by its local users...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Daniel Lotanna Ajaghaku, Peter Achunike Akah, Emmanuel Emeka Ilodigwe, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Uduma Eke Osonwa, Festus Basden Chinedu Okoye
BACKGROUND: Millettia aboensis (Hook. F.) Baker (Fabaceae) is popular in ethnomedicine for its acclaimed efficacy in a number of disease conditions. This study evaluated the immunomodulatory effect of the leaf extract as a possible mechanism of its ethnomedicinal uses. METHODS: Humoral and cellular immune responses of Balb/c mice to tetanus toxoid and cyclophosphamide, respectively, were used to monitor immunomodulatory activities of the ethanol leaf extract and fractions of M...
February 6, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Antony Joseph Raj, Saroj Biswakarma, Nazir A Pala, Gopal Shukla, Vineeta, Munesh Kumar, Sumit Chakravarty, Rainer W Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Traditional knowledge on ethnomedicinal plant is slowly eroding. The exploration, identification and documentation on utilization of ethnobotanic resources are essential for restoration and preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge about the plants and conservation of these species for greater interest of human society. METHODS: The study was conducted at fringe areas of Chilapatta Reserve Forest in the foothills of the eastern sub-Himalayan mountain belts of West Bengal, India, from December 2014 to May 2016...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Vanya Dimcheva, Maria Karsheva
The purpose of the present study is to survey the extraction conditions and explore the antioxidant potential of the wild herb Cistus incanus, which is non-traditional in Bulgarian ethnomedicine and widespread in the Strandja Mountain. The influence of the extraction time (0-500 min) and solvent composition (0-50% ethanol in water) on the polyphenols, flavonoid yields and on the antioxidant capacity of the extracts of leaves, stalks (wood parts) and bud mixture were studied. The antioxidant capacity (AOC) was evaluated by use of scavenging assays of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals...
January 26, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Ticiana Parente Aragão, Lady Dayane Kalline Travassos Dos Prazeres, Samara Alves Brito, Pedro José Rolim Neto, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida, Germana Freire Rocha Caldas, Almir Gonçalves Wanderley
Ximenia americana L. (Olacaceae) is used in ethnomedicine as cicatrizant and for the treatment of gastric disorders. This study identified the chemical constituents of the aqueous extract of X. americana (XaAE) and evaluated its antiulcerogenic activity. After lyophilization, XaAE was analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and its antiulcerogenic effect was evaluated in acute gastric lesions induced by ethanol, acidified ethanol, and indomethacin. Antisecretory action, mucus production and the participation of sulfhydryl groups (-SH) and nitric oxide (NO) were also investigated...
January 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
Medicinal plants have always had an important place in the therapeutic arsenal of humanity and particularly in the treatment of gastrointestinal tract diseases. Myrtus communis L., known as common myrtle, is native to Southern Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. The different parts of this plant are used as antiinflammatory, antiulcer, antidiabetic, urinary antiseptic, and to treat the respiratory and digestive systems diseases. For the first time, an exhaustive bibliographic research of the seeds of myrtle berries has been carried out...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
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