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Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198202/clinacanthus-nutans-a-review-on-ethnomedicinal-uses-chemical-constituents-and-pharmacological-properties
#1
Ihsan N Zulkipli, Rajan Rajabalaya, Adi Idris, Nurul Atiqah Sulaiman, Sheba R David
CONTEXT: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention for their hidden therapeutic potential. Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f) Lindau (Acanthaceae) (CN) is endemic in Southeast Asia. CN contains phytochemicals common to medicinal plants, such as flavonoids. Traditionally, CN has been used for a broad range of human ailments including snake bites and cancer. OBJECTIVES: This article compiles the ethnomedicinal uses of CN and its phytochemistry, and thus provides a phytochemical library of CN...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192466/descriptive-study-of-plant-resources-in-the-context-of-the-ethnomedicinal-relevance-of-indigenous-flora-a-case-study-from-toli-peer-national-park-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan
#2
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Mirza Faisal Qaeem, Israr Ahmad, Sami Ullah Khan, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari, Nafeesa Zahid Malik, Humaira Shaheen, Arshad Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the first quantitative ethnobotanical study of the flora in Toli Peer National Park of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Being a remote area, there is a strong dependence by local people on ethnobotanical practices. Thus, we attempted to record the folk uses of the native plants of the area with a view to acknowledging and documenting the ethnobotanical knowledge. The aims of the study were to compile an inventory of the medicinal plants in the study area and to record the methods by which herbal drugs were prepared and administered...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192202/ethnomedicinal-uses-of-plants-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-in-soon-valley-khushab-pakistan
#3
Amin Shah, Sarvat Rahim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: To best of our knowledge this is the first quantitative ethno-medicinal study with the aim of documenting the indigenous knowledge and practices of using plants for malarial therapy in Soon Valley, Khushab, Pakistan. In this Valley, malaria is among the major public health problems but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicine for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethno-medicinal data were documented from 63 informants by using semi-structured questionnaires and interviewing the informants about their knowledge of plants regarding malaria and related symptoms...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183236/antimalarial-antiplasmodial-and-analgesic-activities-of-root-extract-of-alchornea-laxiflora
#4
Jude E Okokon, Nkemnele Bensella Augustine, Dinesh Mohanakrishnan
CONTEXT: Alchornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax. & Hoffman (Euphorbiaceae) root decoctions are traditionally used in the treatment of malaria and pain in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To assess the antimalarial, antiplasmodial and analgesic potentials of root extract and fractions against malarial infections and chemically-induced pains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The root extract and fractions of Alchornea laxiflora were investigated for antimalarial activity against Plasmodium berghei infection in mice, antiplasmodial activity against chloroquine sensitive (Pf 3D7) and resistant (Pf INDO) strains of Plasmodium falciparum using SYBR green assay method and analgesic activity against experimentally-induced pain models...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138372/ethnomedicinal-cichorium-intybus-seed-extracts-an-impending-preparation-against-multidrug-resistant-bacterial-pathogens
#5
Hazir Rahman, Usman Ali Khan, Muhammad Qasim, Noor Muhammad, Muhammad Daud Khan, Muhammad Asif, Azizullah Azizullah, Muhammad Adnan, Waheed Murad
BACKGROUND: The present study was undertaken to analyze the phytochemical content and biological activity of Cichorium intybus seeds traditionally used in Charsadda, Pakistan against multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the qualitative and quantitative antibacterial potential of C. intybus. Further qualitative analysis of phytochemical content was performed. METHODS: Cichorium intybus seed extracts were prepared in aqueous, chloroform, ethanol, and hexane separately...
November 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134470/comprehensive-characterisation-of-n-alkylresorcinols-and-other-lipid-constituents-of-mercurialis-tomentosa-l-from-alicante-spain
#6
Peter Lorenz, Miriam Heinrich, Jürgen Conrad, Annerose Heller, Florian C Stintzing, Dietmar R Kammerer
Mercurialis tomentosa L. has been used in Spanish ethnomedicine. In the present study the first phytochemical characterisation of a lipid fraction from M. tomentosa was performed. The CHCl3 extraction of aerial parts from M. tomentosa and GC/MS investigations revealed the occurrence of cuticular lipid and wax constituents, like long chain n-alcohols and n-aldehydes (C22  - C30 ), besides several aromatic constituents, i.e., phenylpropanoids and n-alkylresorcinols. The latter were further purified by CC and analysed by LC/MS(n) ...
September 1, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131912/healing-leishmaniasis-in-amazonia-review-of-ethnomedicinal-concepts-and-pharmaco-chemical-analysis-of-traditional-treatments-to-inspire-modern-phytotherapies
#7
REVIEW
Guillaume Odonne, Emeline Houël, Geneviève Bourdy, Didier Stien
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cutaneous/mucocutaneous leishmaniasis are neglected tropical diseases occurring in all intertropical regions of the world. Amazonian populations developed an abundant knowledge related to the disease and its remedies. Therefore, we undertook to review traditional antileishmanial plants in Amazonia, and developed new tools to analyze this somewhat dispersed information. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature concerning traditional remedies against cutaneous/mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in the Amazon was conducted, and the obtained data used for the calculation of distribution indexes designed to highlight the most relevant uses in Amazonia...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115974/lippia-javanica-burm-f-spreng-traditional-and-commercial-uses-and-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-significance-in-the-african-and-indian-subcontinent
#8
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Lippia javanica occurs naturally in central, eastern, and southern Africa and has also been recorded in the tropical Indian subcontinent. The potential of L. javanica as herbal or recreational tea and herbal medicine and its associated phytochemistry and biological properties are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that L. javanica is used as herbal tea and has ethnomedicinal applications such as in colds, cough, fever, malaria, wounds, diarrhoea, chest pains, bronchitis, and asthma. Multiple classes of phytochemicals including volatile and nonvolatile secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, amino acids, flavonoids, iridoids, and triterpenes as well as several minerals have been identified from L...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104971/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-nociceptive-activities-of-stem-bark-extracts-and-fractions-of-carpolobia-lutea-polygalaceae
#9
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Blessing Airhihen, Augustine Ahmadu
BACKGROUND: In Niger Delta, ethnomedicine hydroalcoholic extract of Carpolobia lutea (CL) (Polygalaceae) is used to relieve inflammatory pains. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of ethanolic stem extract (ESE) and to fractionate the ESE for the elucidation of bioactive molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antinociceptive effects for ESE were tested against two noxious stimuli; chemical (acetic acid-induced writhing and formalin-induced pain) and thermal (hot plate) stimuli...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103726/antibacterial-activities-of-chemical-constituents-from-the-aerial-parts-of-hedyotis-pilulifera
#10
Hoai Thi Nguyen, Duc Viet Ho, Hung Quoc Vo, Anh Tuan Le, Hien Minh Nguyen, Takeshi Kodama, Takuya Ito, Hiroyuki Morita, Ain Raal
CONTEXT: Hedyotis pilulifera (Pit.) T.N. Ninh (Rubiaceae) has been used in Vietnamese ethnomedicine; the methanol extract exhibited antibacterial activity in our preliminary screening. OBJECTIVES: In this study, compounds from H. pilulifera were isolated and their antibacterial activity in vitro was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aerial parts of H. pilulifera (1.4 kg) were extracted with MeOH, suspended in water and ethyl acetate extract was chromatographed on a silica gel column...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100199/antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-potential-of-lawsonia-inermis-l-leaves-against-2-acetylaminofluorene-induced-hepatic-damage-in-male-wistar-rats
#11
Manish Kumar, Paramjeet Kaur, Madhu Chandel, Amrit Pal Singh, Arpana Jain, Satwinderjeet Kaur
BACKGROUND: Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae) is an ethnomedicinal plant, traditionally known for curing several ailments such as skin diseases, bacterial infections, jaundice, renal lithiases and inflammation etc. The present work deals with assessment of in vitro antioxidant and in vivo hepatoprotective potential of butanolic fraction (But-LI) of Lawsonia inermis L. leaves. METHODS: Antioxidant activity was evaluated using deoxyribose degradation, lipid peroxidation inhibition and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
January 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093828/a-systematic-review-on-ethnomedicines-of-anti-cancer-plants
#12
REVIEW
Akash Tariq, Sehrish Sadia, Kaiwen Pan, Ihteram Ullah, Sakina Mussarat, Feng Sun, Olatunji Olusanya Abiodun, Altanzagas Batbaatar, Zilong Li, Dagang Song, Qinli Xiong, Riaz Ullah, Suliman Khan, Buddha Bahadur Basnet, Brawin Kumar, Rabiul Islam, Muhammad Adnan
Cancer is a serious health problem and the second leading cause of death around the globe. Present review is an attempt to provide utmost information based on ethno-pharmacological and toxicological aspects of anti-cancer plants of the world. A total of 276 articles published in English journals and containing maximum ethnomedicinal information were reviewed using several data sources such as; Google scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed and floras of different countries. A total of 199 anti-cancer plants were recorded in present review and results indicated that traditional medicines are mostly being use in developing countries for cancer treatment...
February 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086924/treating-infants-with-frigg-linking-disease-aetiologies-medicinal-plant-use-and-care-seeking-behaviour-in-southern-morocco
#13
Irene Teixidor-Toneu, Gary J Martin, Rajindra K Puri, Ahmed Ouhammou, Julie A Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Although most Moroccans rely to some extent on traditional medicine, the practice of frigg to treat paediatric ailments by elderly women traditional healers known as ferraggat, has not yet been documented. We describe the role of these specialist healers, document the medicinal plants they use, and evaluate how and why their practice is changing. METHODS: Ethnomedicinal and ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews and observations of medical encounters...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064107/ethnomedicine-based-evaluation-of-osteoprotective-properties-of-tinospora-cordifolia-on-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-model-systems
#14
G Abiramasundari, C M Mohan Gowda, G Pampapathi, Sheela Praveen, S Shivamurugan, M Vijaykumar, A Devi, M Sreepriya
Indian ethnomedicine acclaims the use of Tinospora cordifolia (TC) in the treatment of bone fractures and vat rakta (gout). The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of alcoholic extract of Tinospora cordifolia on bone remodeling (involving osteoblastic and osteoclastic actions) in vitro and protect against ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo. Human osteoblast-like cells MG-63 and primary osteoblast cells isolated from rat femur were used as osteoblast models and RAW macrophage cell line 264...
January 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063920/reverse-ethnopharmacology-and-drug-discovery
#15
Marco Leonti, Gary I Stafford, Maja Dal Cero, Stefano Cabras, Maria Eugenia Castellanos, Laura Casu, Caroline S Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnopharmacological investigations of traditional medicines have made significant contributions to plant-derived drugs, as well as the advancement of pharmacology. Drug discovery from medicinal flora is more complex than generally acknowledged because plants are applied for different therapeutic indications within and across cultures. Therefore we propose the concept of "reverse ethnopharmacology" and compare biomedical uses of plant taxa with their ethnomedicinal and popular uses and test the effect of these on the probability of finding anticancer drugs...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063919/proteomic-analysis-of-the-protective-effects-of-aqueous-bark-extract-of-terminalia-arjuna-roxb-on-isoproterenol-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-rats
#16
Santosh Kumar, Md Jahangir Alam, Pankaj Prabhakar, Sayeed Ahmad, Subir K Maulik, Manish Sharma, Shyamal K Goswami
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aqueous bark extract of Terminalia arjuna (TA) has been in use as an ethnomedicine for cardiovascular ailments in the Indian subcontinent for centuries. Studies using hemodynamic, ROS scavenging and anti-inflammatory parameters in animal models have shown its anti-atherogenic, hypotensive, inotropic, anti-inflammatory effects. However, details analysis on its effects on established molecular and cell biological markers are a prerequisite for its wider acceptance to the medical community...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043127/potential-of-three-ethnomedicinal-plants-as-antisickling-agents
#17
Ismaila O Nurain, Clement O Bewaji, Jarrett S Johnson, Robertson D Davenport, Yang Zhang
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic blood disorder that affects the shape and transportation of red blood cells (RBCs) in blood vessels, leading to various clinical complications. Many drugs that are available for treating the disease are insufficiently effective, toxic, or too expensive. Therefore, there is a pressing need for safe, effective, and inexpensive therapeutic agents from indigenous plants used in ethnomedicines. The potential of aqueous extracts of Cajanus cajan leaf and seed, Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides leaf, and Carica papaya leaf in sickle cell disease management was investigated in vitro using freshly prepared 2% sodium metabisulfite for sickling induction...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017696/ethnobiological-treatments-of-neurological-conditions-in-the-chota-nagpur-plateau-india
#18
Abhijit Dey, Partha Gorai, Anuradha Mukherjee, Raghunath Dhan, Biplob Kumar Modak
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: World Health Organization (WHO) has recognized the contribution of traditional medicine in the primary health care system. WHO also considers neurological disorders as one of the prime concern to the public health. Inadequate and inaccessible health facilities in the rural and underprivileged areas have forced the various tribal and non-tribal communities to use ethno-phyto and ethno-zoo therapeutics against different ailments. Chota Nagpur Plateau, India is one of the richest in India in terms of plant and animal diversity, and houses a number of indigenous communities often practising their own ethnobiological medicines...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012394/phytochemical-ethnomedicinal-uses-and-pharmacological-profile-of-genus-pistacia
#19
REVIEW
Abdur Rauf, Seema Patel, Ghias Uddin, Bina S Siddiqui, Bashir Ahmad, Naveed Muhammad, Yahia N Mabkhot, Taibi Ben Hadda
Pistacia genus belong to family Anacardiaceae and it is versatile in that its member species have food (P. vera), medicinal (P. lentiscus) and ornamental (P. chinensis) values. Various species of this genus have folkloric uses with credible mention in diverse pharmacopeia. As a trove of phenolic compounds, terpenoids, monoterpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, fatty acids, and sterols, this genus has garnered pharmaceutical attention in recent times. With adequate clinical studies, this genus might be exploited for therapy of a multitude of inflammatory diseases, as promised by preliminary studies...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994630/corrigendum-to-use-of-ethnomedicinal-plants-by-the-people-living-around-indus-river
#20
Sakina Mussarat, Naser M AbdEl-Salam, Akash Tariq, Sultan Mehmood Wazir, Riaz Ullah, Muhammad Adnan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/212634.].
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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