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Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142389/bioactive-constituents-radical-scavenging-and-antibacterial-properties-of-the-leaves-and-stem-essential-oils-from-peperomia-pellucida-l-kunth
#1
Sunday O Okoh, Benson C Iweriebor, Omobola O Okoh, Anthony I Okoh
Background: Peperomia pellucida is an annual herbaceous ethnomedicinal plant used in the treatment of a variety of communicable and noncommunicable diseases in the Amazon region. Objective: The study aimed at profiling the bioactive constituents of the leaves and stem essential oils (LEO and SEO) of P. pellucida, their in vitro antibacterial and radical scavenging properties as probable lead constituents in the management of oxidative stress and infectious diseases...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141544/recent-updates-on-the-phytochemistry-pharmacological-and-toxicological-activities-of-zingiber-zerumbet-l-roscoe-ex-sm
#2
Md Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan
BACKGROUND: Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm. (family, Zingiberaceae) is a potent medicinal herb widely known as shampoo ginger and its rhizome is used in numerous ethnomedicinal applications including as antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-diarrheal, antidiabetics, carminative, and diuretic. AIM: The aim of this review was to bring together all of scientific updates on the phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of this herb, including their toxicological studies, and critically analyzed the outcomes to provide directions for future research on the herb as potential source of bioactive metabolites for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical applications...
November 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132911/antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-gastroprotective-activity-of-filipendula-ulmaria-l-maxim-and-filipendula-vulgaris-moench
#3
Stevan Samardžić, Jelena Arsenijević, Dragana Božić, Marina Milenković, Vele Tešević, Zoran Maksimović
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.) and dropwort (Filipendula vulgaris Moench) are herbaceous perennials employed in folk medicine for their antirheumatic, antipyretic and anti-ulcer properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess ethnomedicinal claims through investigation of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective effects of F. ulmaria and F. vulgaris lyophilized flower infusions (LFIs) as well as the F. vulgaris isolated flavonoids spiraeoside, kaempferol 4'-O-glucoside, astragalin 2''-O-gallate, mixture of hyperoside 2''-O-gallate and isoquercitrin 2''-O-gallate, and a tannin tellimagrandin II...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#4
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102764/treatment-of-malaria-and-related-symptoms-using-traditional-herbal-medicine-in-ethiopia
#5
Sultan Suleman, Takele Beyene Tufa, Dereje Kebebe, Sileshi Belew, Yimer Mekonnen, Fanta Gashe, Seid Musa, Evelien Wynendaele, Luc Duchateau, Bart De Spiegeleer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal plants have always been an integral part of different cultures in Ethiopia in the treatment of different illnesses including malaria and related symptoms. However, due to lack of proper documentation, urbanization, drought, acculturation and deforestation, there is an increased risk of losing this traditional knowledge. Hence, the use of the indigenous knowledge should be well documented and validated for potential future use. AIM OF THE STUDY: To gather and document information on medicinal plants which are used in the traditional treatment of malaria and related symptoms in Ethiopia...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093747/hepatoprotective-properties-of-penthorum-chinense-pursh-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#6
Meng Wang, Xiao-Jiao Zhang, Ruibing Feng, Yun Jiang, Da-Yong Zhang, Chengwei He, Peng Li, Jian-Bo Wan
Background: Penthorum chinense Pursh (Penthoraceae, PCP), a well-known Miao ethnomedicine, has been traditionally used to treat several liver-related diseases, such as jaundice and viral hepatitis. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the probable properties of the aqueous extract of PCP on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury in mice. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were orally administered an aqueous extract of PCP (5.15 and 10.3 g/kg BW) or silymarin (100 mg/kg) once daily for 1 week prior to CCl4 exposure...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091872/the-relevance-of-folkloric-usage-of-plant-galls-as-medicines-finding-the-scientific-rationale
#7
REVIEW
Seema Patel, Abdur Rauf, Haroon Khan
Galls, the abnormal growths in plants, induced by virus, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, arthropods, or even other plants, are akin to cancers in fauna. The galls which occur in a myriad of forms are phytochemically-distinct from the normal plant tissues, for these are the sites of tug-of-war, just like the granuloma in animals. To counter the stressors, in the form of the effector proteins of the invaders, the host plants elaborate a large repertoire of metabolites, which they normally will not produce. Perturbation of the jasmonic acid pathway, and the overexpression of auxin, and cytokinin, promote the tissue proliferation and the resultant galls...
October 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076426/swertia-chirata-a-comprehensive-review-with-recent-advances
#8
Nupur Jauhari, Navneeta Bharadvaja, Neelam Sharma
BACKGROUND: Swertia chirata, an ethnomedicinal plant, is renowned for its diverse medicinal properties. The plant produces large number of therapeutic phytochemicals responsible for remedial effect against various ailments mainly chronic fever, malaria, bronchial asthma, liver disorders, certain type of mental disorder, blood purification and diabetes. Recently reported anticancer effect of S. chirata has amplified its importance in the scientific community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the review is to deliver the pharmaceutical importance of S...
October 26, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066382/anti-staphylococcal-properties-of-eichhornia-crassipes-pistacia-vera-and-ziziphus-amole-leaf-extracts-isolates-from-cattle-and-rabbits
#9
Andrea Gutiérrez-Morales, Valente Velázquez-Ordoñez, Ameer Khusro, Abdelfattah Z M Salem, María Elena Estrada-Zúñiga, Mohamed Z M Salem, Benjamin Valladares-Carranza, Cristina Burrola-Aguilar
The desideratum aim of the present context was to assess the biopotency of methanolic extracts of Eichhornia crassipes (E. crassipes), Pistacia vera (P. vera), and Ziziphus amole (Z. amole) leaves against various staphylococcal strains, and to quantify the phenolics as well as saponin content in them. The antibacterial activity of various concentrations (62.5-1000 μg/mL) of plant extracts was tested against control clinical strains (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 29213, and S. aureus ATCC 43300), methicillin-resistant S...
October 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057840/ethnomedicinal-phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-aspects-of-four-medicinal-plants-of-malvaceae-used-in-indian-traditional-medicines-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Jasmeet Kaur Abat, Sanjay Kumar, Aparajita Mohanty
The ethnomedicinal values of plants form the basis of the herbal drug industry. India has contributed its knowledge of traditional system medicines (Ayurveda and Siddha) to develop herbal medicines with negligible side effects. The World Health Organization has also recognized the benefits of drugs developed from natural products. Abutilon indicum, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Sida acuta and Sida rhombifolia are ethnomedicinal plants of Malvaceae, commonly used in Indian traditional system of medicines. Traditionally these plants were used in the form of extracts/powder/paste by tribal populations of India for treating common ailments like cough and cold, fever, stomach, kidney and liver disorders, pains, inflammations, wounds, etc...
October 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052375/-referencing-and-inosculating-discussion-on-modern-research-strategy-for-ethnomedicines
#11
Zhi-Yong Li, Xing-Yun Chai, Tao Yuan, Guang-Zhi Ding, Hai-Ying Tong
This article reviewed the current situation of ethnomedicines in China, and propos that the important research on ethnomedicine is to focus on the theoretical and empirical characteristics of ethnomedicine and the special features in the processes of collecting,processing and clinical application of ethnomedicine, which will be benefit to find the research principles and methods with the characteristics of ethnomedicine. These principles include making clear of the effective substances and mechanisms, and theoretical and empirical characteristics of ethnomedicine...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047177/selected-hepatoprotective-herbal-medicines-evidence-from-ethnomedicinal-applications-animal-models-and-possible-mechanism-of-actions
#12
REVIEW
Muhammad Ali, Tariq Khan, Kaneez Fatima, Qurat Ul Ain Ali, Muhammad Ovais, Ali Talha Khalil, Ikram Ullah, Abida Raza, Zabta Khan Shinwari, Muhammad Idrees
Insight into the hepatoprotective effects of medicinally important plants is important, both for physicians and researchers. Main reasons for the use of herbal medicine include their lesser cost compared with conventional drugs, lesser undesirable drug reactions and thus high safety, and reduced side effects. The present review focuses on the composition, pharmacology, and results of experimental trials of selected medicinal plants: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Glycyrrhiza glabra, Phyllanthus amarus Schumach...
October 19, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045823/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-african-nauclea-species-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Romain Haudecoeur, Marine Peuchmaur, Basile Pérès, Maxime Rome, Germain Sotoing Taïwe, Ahcène Boumendjel, Benjamin Boucherle
ETHNOPHARMACOALOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Nauclea in Africa comprises seven species. Among them, N. latifolia, N. diderrichii and N. pobeguinii are widely used by the local population in traditional remedies. Preparation from various parts of plants (e.g. roots, bark, leaves) are indicated by traditional healers for a wide range of diseases including malaria, pain, digestive ailments or metabolic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted on African species of the genus Nauclea using scientific databases such as Google Scholar, Pubmed or SciFinder...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034193/comparative-study-of-herbal-plants-on-the-phenolic-and-flavonoid-content-antioxidant-activities-and-toxicity-on-cells-and-zebrafish-embryo
#14
Hassan Fahmi Ismail, Zanariah Hashim, Wong Tet Soon, Nur Syukriah Ab Rahman, Ain Nabihah Zainudin, Fadzilah Adibah Abdul Majid
Natural antioxidants derived from plants have shown a tremendous inhibitory effect on free radicals in actively metabolizing cells. Overproduction of free radicals increases the risk factor of chronic diseases associated with diabetes, cancer, arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Andrographis paniculata, Cinnamon zeylanicum, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, Eugenia polyantha and Orthosiphon stamineus are ethnomedicinal plants used in the Asian region to treat various illnesses from a common fever to metabolic disease...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031196/anti-edematogenic-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-the-essential-oil-from-croton-rhamnifolioides-leaves-and-its-major-constituent-1-8-cineole-eucalyptol
#15
Anita Oliveira Brito Pereira Bezerra Martins, Lindaiane Bezerra Rodrigues, Francisco Rafael Alves Santana Cesário, Maria Rayane Correia de Oliveira, Cicera Datiane Morais Tintino, Fyama Ferreira E Castro, Isabel Sousa Alcântara, Maria Neyze Martins Fernandes, Thaís Rodrigues de Albuquerque, Maria Sanadia Alexandre da Silva, Adriano Antunes de Sousa Araújo, Lucindo José Quintans Júniur, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Almir Gonçalves Wanderley
The species Croton rhamnifolioides, belonging to the Croton genus, is known in ethnomedicine as "quebra faca" and is used in the treatment of stomach pain, vomiting and fever. This study aims to evaluate the anti-edematogenic and anti-inflammatory effect of Croton rhamnifolioides leaf essential oil (OEFC) and its major constituent: 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol). The essential oil was extracted from fresh leaves through a hydrodistillation system. The chemical analysis was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
October 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030263/the-role-of-endemic-plants-in-mauritian-folkloric-medicine-therapeutic-efficacy-or-placebo-effect
#16
REVIEW
Nawraj Rummun, Vidushi S Neergheen-Bhujun, Kersley B Pynee, Cláudia Baider, Theeshan Bahorun
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Mauritian endemic flora has been recorded to be used as medicinal for nearly 300 years. Despite acceptance of these endemic plants among the local population, proper documentation of their therapeutic uses is scarce. This review aims at summarizing documented traditional uses of Mauritian endemic plants with existing scientific data of their alleged bioactivities, showing there is a need for more stringent evidence-based validations for clinical efficacy...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027024/studies-on-the-constituents-of-helleborus-purpurascens-analysis-and-biological-activity-of-the-aqueous-and-organic-extracts
#17
M Heiko Franz, Roxana Birzoi, Catalin-Vasile Maftei, Elena Maftei, Gerhard Kelter, Heinz-Herbert Fiebig, Ion Neda
In Southeast Europe, the ethnomedicinal use of Helleborus species has a very long tradition. Cardiac steroids (Hellebrin), cysteine-rich proteins (Hellethionins) and several steroidal saponins have been identified in these plants. Aim of the present work was to investigate the amino acid composition of native extracts from the root and rootstock of Helleborus purpurascens. The amino acids have been identified by the GC-MS technique on the previously derivatised (Phenomenex Faast Kit) extract samples by comparison with the mass spectra and retention-time of the standards...
October 12, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989244/herbal-drugs-from-sudan-traditional-uses-and-phytoconstituents
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed Gamaleldin Elsadig Karar, Nikolai Kuhnert
Sudan folklore medicine is characterized by a unique combination of Islamic, Arabic, and African cultures. In poor communities, traditional medicine has remained as the most reasonable source of treatment of several diseases and microbial infections. Although the traditional medicine is accepted in Sudan, to date there is no updated review available, which focuses on most effective and frequently used Sudanese medicinal plants. Thus, this review aims to summarize the published information on the ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants from Sudan, preparation methods, phytochemistry, and ethnopharmacology...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975089/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-to-prevent-and-treat-diabetes-an-updated-review-of-ethnobotanical-studies-in-iran
#19
REVIEW
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Leila Mahmoodnia, Shahla Alaei, Fatemeh Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are currently on the rise due to industrialization of the communities, which has recently led to increased incidence of different diseases such as diabetes. Epidemiological studies and figures have demonstrated the growing incidence of diabetes. Relevantly, the side effects of chemical drugs have led patients to use medicinal plants and traditional approaches despite advances in development of chemical drugs. The aim of this review article is to report the medicinal plants and their traditional uses to prevent and treat diabetes according to the findings of ethnobotanical studies conducted in different regions of Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970154/evaluation-of-extracts-prepared-from-16-plants-used-in-yao-ethnomedicine-as-potential-anticancer-agents
#20
Nadin Marwan Almosnid, Xiaolei Zhou, Lihe Jiang, Amy Ridings, Deborah Knott, Shuo Wang, Fan Wei, Jingquan Yuan, Elliot Altman, Ying Gao, Jianhua Miao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicines of the Yao ethnic group in China are a special branch of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and are well documented for use in disease prevention. According to an ethnopharmacological survey, there are 1392 species of medicinal plants that have been documented as Yao ethnomedicines and 104 of these species are used routinely. This study evaluated a partial collection of these 104 core plant species for their potential as anticancer agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature study of scientific journals and books in the local language was conducted...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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