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Ethnomedicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734961/radix-puerariae-modulates-glutamatergic-synaptic-architecture-and-potentiates-functional-synaptic-plasticity-in-primary-hippocampal-neurons
#1
Mohammad Maqueshudul Haque Bhuiyan, Md Nazmul Haque, Md Mohibbullah, Yung Kyu Kim, Il Soo Moon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Neurologic disorders are frequently characterized by synaptic pathology, including abnormal density and morphology of dendritic spines, synapse loss, and aberrant synaptic signaling and plasticity. Therefore, to promote and/or protect synapses by the use of natural molecules capable of modulating neurodevelopmental events, such as, spinogenesis and synaptic plasticity, could offer a preventive and curative strategy for nervous disorders associated with synaptic pathology...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712477/phytochemical-analysis-and-cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-kelussia-odoratissima-mozaff
#2
Amir Abbas Momtazi, Omid Askari-Khorasgani, Elham Abdollahi, Hojjat Sadeghi-Aliabadi, Forough Mortazaeinezhad, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. (Apiaceae) is an edible, indigenous, and ethnomedicinal plant that grows only in Iran. Although antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of K. odoratissima have been reported, cytotoxic activity of this plant has not been investigated previously. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the cytotoxicity of K. odoratissima leaf extract against a panel of human cancer cell lines. A secondary aim was to perform a phytochemical analysis of the plant's leaf oil...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701165/ethnomedicinal-and-cultural-practices-of-mammals-and-birds-in-the-vicinity-of-river-chenab-punjab-pakistan
#3
Muhammad Altaf, Arshad Javid, Muhammad Umair, Khalid Javed Iqbal, Zahid Rasheed, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Although, use of animal species in disease treatment and culture practices is as ancient as that of plant species; however ethnomedicinal uses and cultural values of animal species have rarely been reported. Present study is the first report on the medicinal uses of mammals and bird species in Pakistan. METHODS: Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were applied to collect qualitative and quantitative data from local informants (N = 109). Relative frequency of mention (RFM), fidelity level (FL), relative popularity level (RPL), similarity index (SI) and rank order priority (ROP) indices were used to analyzed the data...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672018/correction-descriptive-study-of-plant-resources-in-the-context-of-the-ethnomedicinal-relevance-of-indigenous-flora-a-case-study-from-toli-peer-national-park-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Mirza Faisal Qaseem, Israr Ahmad, Sami Ullah Khan, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari, Nafeesa Zahid Malik, Humaira Shaheen, Arshad Mahmood Khan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171896.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669838/antileishmanial-and-immunomodulatory-activity-of-lupeol-a-triterpene-compound-isolated-from-sterculia-villosa
#5
Antu Das, Junaid Jibran Jawed, Manash C Das, Padmani Sandhu, Utpal C De, Biswanath Dinda, Yusuf Akhter, Surajit Bhttacharjee
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the most severe forms of leishmaniasis caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani. Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the therapeutic use of natural products to treat parasitic diseases. Sterculia villosa is an ethnomedicinally important plant. A triterpenoid lupeol was isolated from this plant which was further screened for its antileishmanial and immunomodulatory activity in vitro and in vivo. Biochemical colour test and spectroscopic data confirmed that the isolated pure compound is lupeol...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664135/ethnomedicinal-plants-used-for-snakebite-in-india-a-brief-overview
#6
REVIEW
Sughosh V Upasani, Vishal G Beldar, Anil U Tatiya, M S Upasani, Sanjay J Surana, Divyata S Patil
The result of human interface and assortment of the most desirable, influential, and successful plant species found in the immediate environment at a precise circumstance is attributable to indigenous knowledge of plant species. India has a rich variety of medicinal plants growing under different geographical and ecological conditions; 1500 out of 15,000 privileged plant species have been reported to have medicinal uses. Snakebite is a severe medical, social, and economic problem in many parts of the world, chiefly in tropical and subtropical nations where majority of the world's dangerous snakes are found and where access to treatment is limited...
June 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662316/therapeutic-potential-of-rhizoma-alismatis-a-review-on-ethnomedicinal-application-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology
#7
REVIEW
Le-Le Zhang, Wen Xu, Yu-Lian Xu, Xiuping Chen, Mingqing Huang, Jin-Jian Lu
Rhizoma Alismatis (RA), the dried rhizome of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzep, is a common traditional herbal medicine named Ze Xie in Chinese. RA is an important herbal component of a number of well-known Chinese medicinal preparations. It has been used to treat various ailments, such as dysuria, edema, nephropathy, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. A wide range of chemical compounds, mainly triterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and diterpenoids, have been isolated from RA; among which the protostane-type triterpenoids, termed alisols, have attracted the most attention owing to their unique chemical structures and various biological activities...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657576/nortriterpenoids-from-the-fruiting-bodies-of-the-mushroom-ganoderma-resinaceum
#8
Xian-Qiang Chen, Ling-Xiao Chen, Jing Zhao, Yu-Ping Tang, Shao-Ping Li
Ganoderma resinaceum is usually used as ethnomedicine for immune-regulation, hyperglycemia, and liver disease. To date, only a few chemical constituents have been reported from G. resinaceum. In this study, fifteen nortriterpenoids including six new nortriterpenoids (1-6) and nine known analogs (7-15), were separated and purified from the fruiting bodies of G. resinaceum. New compounds were identified as lucidone I (1), lucidone J (2), lucidone K (3), lucidone I (4), ganosineniol B (5), and ganosineniol C (6), based on analysis of extensive spectroscopic data (high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), infrared (IR), and ultraviolet (UV))...
June 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647509/a-review-of-acalypha-indica-l-euphorbiaceae-as-traditional-medicinal-plant-and-its-therapeutic-potential
#9
REVIEW
Nor Syahiran Zahidin, Syafiqah Saidin, Razauden Mohamed Zulkifli, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Harisun Ya'akob, Hadi Nur
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acalypha indica is an herbal plant that grows in wet, temperate and tropical region, primarily along the earth's equator line. This plant is considered by most people as a weed and can easily be found in these regions. Although this plant is a weed, Acalypha indica has been acknowledged by local people as a useful source of medicine for several therapeutic treatments. They consume parts of the plant for many therapeutics purposes such as anthelmintic, anti-ulcer, bronchitis, asthma, wound healing, anti-bacterial and other applications...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647189/ethnobotanical-profiling-of-the-medicinal-flora-of-kotli-azad-jammu-and-kashmir-pakistan-empirical-reflections-on-multinomial-logit-specifications
#10
Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Muhammad Arshad, Abdul Saboor, Sue Page, Sunbal Khalil Chaudhari
OBJECTIVE: To report the indigenous people's uses of plants from a multidimensional perspective in a remote area where strong ethnobotanical cultural practices prevail. METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in the field during 2014-2016. Ethnobotanical data were gathered from 182 informants through oral interviews and semi-structured questionnaires. The distribution of plants was explored using both descriptive and graphical methods. Further, a Multinomial Logit Specification was applied to find out the probability of the occurrence of diverse utilization of plants in multipurpose domains...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647179/euphorbia-neriifolia-l-review-on-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#11
REVIEW
Prashant Y Mali, Shital S Panchal
The present review is intended to provide information on botany, ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of various parts of Euphorbia neriifolia (E. neriifolia). E. neriifolia has several ethnomedicinal uses. The latex of E. neriifolia is used as laxative, purgative, rubefacient, carminative and expectorant as well as in treatment of whooping cough, gonorrhoea, leprosy, asthma, dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, tumours, stone in the bladder, abdominal troubles and leucoderma...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642934/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-and-antifungal-properties-of-phragmanthera-capitata-sprengel-balle-loranthaceae-a-mistletoe-growing-on-rubber-tree-using-the-dilution-techniques
#12
Franklin Uangbaoje Ohikhena, Olubunmi Abosede Wintola, Anthony Jide Afolayan
The alarming increase in multidrug resistance of pathogenic microorganisms to conventional drugs in recent years has prompted the search for new leads in alternative remedies in natural products. Hence, this study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial properties of Phragmanthera capitata, a parasitic mistletoe growing on rubber trees. The in vitro antimicrobial activities of the acetone, methanol, ethanol, and aqueous extracts were investigated using five gram-negative and five gram-positive bacteria and four fungi...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638861/randomized-anticancer-and-cytotoxicity-activities-of-guibourtia-coleosperma-and-diospyros-chamaethamnus
#13
Florence Dushimemaria, C Iwanette Du Preez, Davis R Mumbengegwi
BACKGROUND: Plants have consistently proven to be a reliable and yet not fully explored source of medicines. In light of this, there is a constant demand for new treatment regimens for cancer. Namibia has a rich diversity of plant species of over 4300 with 17 % of them being endemic to Namibia. Plants growing in Namibia's diverse climatic zones produce many secondary metabolites as part of adaptation to their environment. This article focused on the screening of such phytochemicals and their cytotoxic and anticancer properties in vitro...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629816/tinospora-species-an-overview-of-their-modulating-effects-on-the-immune-system
#14
REVIEW
Md Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Studies on the effects of natural immunomodulators to heal various diseases related to the immune system have been a growing interest in recent years. Amongst the medicinal plants, Tinospora species (family; Menispermaceae) have been one of the widely investigated plants for their modulating effects on the immune system due to their wide use in ethnomedicine to treat various ailments related to immune-related diseases. However, their ethnopharmacological uses are mainly with limited or without scientific basis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595608/antimicrobial-activity-toxicity-and-anti-inflammatory-potential-of-methanolic-extracts-of-four-ethnomedicinal-plant-species-from-punjab-pakistan
#15
Rabia Naz, Hafsa Ayub, Sajid Nawaz, Zia Ul Islam, Tayyaba Yasmin, Asghari Bano, Abdul Wakeel, Saqib Zia, Thomas H Roberts
BACKGROUND: The plant species Aristolochia indica (AI), Melilotus indicus (MI), Tribulus terrestris (TT) and Cuscuta pedicellata (CP) are widely used in folk medicine in the villages around Chowk Azam, South Punjab, Pakistan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity, phytochemical composition, and the antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory potential of the four medicinal plants listed above. For CP stem, this study represents (to the best of our knowledge) the first time phytochemicals have been identified and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential determined...
June 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588639/elephantorrhiza-elephantina-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-an-important-medicinal-plant-species-in-southern-africa
#16
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Elephantorrhiza elephantina is used in southern Africa as traditional remedy for a wide range of human diseases and ailments including dermatological diseases, gastrointestinal system disorders, sexual dysfunction, sexually transmitted infections, and wounds. The rhizome decoction of E. elephantina is widely used by small-scale farmers in Botswana and South Africa as ethnoveterinary medicine for cattle, goats, horses, pigs, poultry, and sheep. Several classes of phytochemical compounds including anthocyanidins, anthraquinones, esters, fatty acids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, glycosides, polysterols, saponins, sugars, tannins, and triterpenoids have been isolated from E...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580299/whole-genome-shotgun-sequence-of-phenazine-producing-endophytic-streptomyces-kebangsaanensis-suk12
#17
Juwairiah Remali, Kok-Keong Loke, Chyan Leong Ng, Wan Mohd Aizat, John Tiong, Noraziah Mohamad Zin
Streptomyces sp. produces bioactive compounds with a broad spectrum of activities. Streptomyces kebangsaanesis SUK12 has been identified as a novel endophytic bacteria isolated from ethnomedicinal plant Portulaca olerace, and was found to produce the phenazine class of biologically active antimicrobial metabolites. The potential use of the phenazines has led to our research interest in determining the genome sequence of Streptomyces kebangsaanensis SUK12. This Whole Genome Shotgun project has been deposited at DDBJ/ENA/GenBank under the accession number PRJNA269542...
September 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574986/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-indigenous-medicinal-plants-in-hafizabad-district-punjab-pakistan
#18
Muhammad Umair, Muhammad Altaf, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi
Present paper offers considerable information on traditional uses of medicinal plants by the inhabitants of Hafizabad district, Punjab-Pakistan. This is the first quantitative ethnobotanical study from the area comprising popularity level of medicinal plant species intendedby using relative popularity level (RPL) and rank order priority (ROP) indices.Ethnobotanical data were collected by interviewing 166 local informants and 35 traditional health practioners (THPs) from different localities of Hafizabad district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558683/inhibition-of-biofilm-formation-in-mycobacterium-smegmatis-by-parinari-curatellifolia-leaf-extracts
#19
Benjamin Bhunu, Ruvimbo Mautsa, Stanley Mukanganyama
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious public health problem worldwide. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) grows as drug tolerant pellicles. Agents that inhibit biofilm formation in M. tuberculosis have the potential to reduce the disease treatment period and improve the quality of tuberculosis chemotherapy. Parinari curatellifolia (P. curatellifolia) leaf extracts are claimed to treat symptoms similar to tuberculosis in ethnomedicinal practices. Mycobacterium smegmatis (M...
May 30, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558633/impact-of-drug-metabolism-pharmacokinetics-and-their-relevance-upon-salvia-based-drug-discovery
#20
Da-Cheng Hao, Pei-Gen Xiao
Salvia is the largest genus of family Lamiaceae and has nearly 1000 species. This genus produces several representative phytometabolites, e.g., diterpenoids and phenolic acids. The traditional uses in ethnomedicine and contemporary experimental studies have corroborated extensive therapeutic efficacy of Salvia plants. Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetic (DMPK) studies of Salvia natural products and their derivatives are indispensable in the optimization of lead compounds. New chemical entity with improved DMPK profiles is preferred...
May 30, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
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