keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ethnopharmacology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331913/biological-properties-and-chemical-composition-of-jatropha-neopauciflora-pax
#1
A B Hernández-Hernández, F J Alarcón-Aguilar, M Jiménez-Estrada, L B Hernández-Portilla, C M Flores-Ortiz, M A Rodríguez-Monroy, M Canales-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Ethnopharmacological relevance. Jatropha neopauciflora (Pax) is an endemic species of the Tehuacan- Cuicatlan Valley, Mexico. This species has long been used as a remedy to alleviate illnesses of bacterial, fungal and viral origin. Aim of the study. Experimentally test the traditional use of Jatropha neopauciflora in Mexican traditional medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract (MeOH1), of Jatropha neopauciflora (Euphorbiaceae) was obtained by maceration...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323050/antiplasmodial-activity-of-mezoneuron-benthamianum-leaves-and-identification-of-its-active-constituents
#2
Olivia Jansen, Alembert T Tchinda, Jean Loua, Virginie Esters, Ewa Cieckiewicz, Allison Ledoux, Paul D Toukam, Luc Angenot, Monique Tits, Aliou M Balde, Michel Frédérich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Decoctions of the leaves of M. benthamianum Baill. are used by traditional healers in Guinea to treat malaria and this use was validated by a preliminary clinical assay. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the in vitro antiplasmodial activity and to identify active compounds from extracts of M. benthamianum leaves. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Antiplasmodial activity of extracts, fractions and pure compounds was evaluated in vitro against a chloroquine-sensitive strain of Plasmodium falciparum (3D7) using the measurement of the plasmodial lactate dehydrogenase activity...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323048/comparison-of-lamiaceae-medicinal-uses-in-eastern-morocco-and-eastern-andalusia-and-in-ibn-al-baytar-s-compendium-of-simple-medicaments-13th-century-ce
#3
Asmae El-Gharbaoui, Guillermo Benítez, M Reyes González-Tejero, Joaquín Molero-Mesa, Abderrahmane Merzouki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Transmission of traditional knowledge over time and across culturally and historically related territories is an important topic in ethnopharmacology. Here, we contribute to this knowledge by analysing data on medicinal uses in two neighbouring areas of the Western Mediterranean in relation to a historical text that has been scarcely mentioned in historical studies despite its interest. AIM OF THE STUDY: This paper discusses the sharing of popular knowledge on the medicinal uses of plants between eastern Morocco and eastern Andalusia (Spain), focusing on one of the most useful plant families in the Mediterranean area: Lamiaceae...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303220/anemone-medicinal-plants-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-biology
#4
REVIEW
Da-Cheng Hao, Xiaojie Gu, Peigen Xiao
The Ranunculaceae genus Anemone (order Ranunculales), comprising more than 150 species, mostly herbs, has long been used in folk medicine and worldwide ethnomedicine. Various medicinal compounds have been found in Anemone plants, especially triterpenoid saponins, some of which have shown anti-cancer activities. Some Anemone compounds and extracts display immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities. More than 50 species have ethnopharmacological uses, which provide clues for modern drug discovery...
March 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301985/a-review-on-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-properties-of-litsea-coreana
#5
Xuejing Jia, Peng Li, Jianbo Wan, Chengwei He
CONTEXT: Litsea coreana H. Lév. (Lauraceae) is used as an ethnic herb or beverage in China. Substantial studies indicate that it contains a variety of compounds and shows diverse bioactivities with no toxicity. OBJECTIVE: This review analyzes and summarizes the ethnopharmacological applications, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities and molecular mechanisms of L. coreana. METHODS: Related literature (from 1998 to 2016) was obtained and compiled via searching databases including Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, CNKI and PubMed...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284791/treatment-and-management-of-liver-diseases-by-khmer-traditional-healers-practicing-in-phnom-penh-area-cambodia
#6
François Chassagne, Eric Deharo, Hieng Punley, Geneviève Bourdy
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Liver disorders are a major health problem in Cambodia, where some patients prefer to seek treatment from traditional healers. The aim of the study was to document the knowledge and practices of these healers in four Southern Cambodian provinces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ethnopharmacological survey was carried out from September 2015 to January 2016 in Cambodian urban and rural areas. Thirty-three Khmer traditional healers (KTH) were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire including socio-demographic data, healer's formation and their professional practice conditions, perception of liver diseases (types and causes of liver disorders, diagnostic methods and symptoms of liver problems), dietary recommendations given to patients, and herbal remedies used to treat them...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284035/ethnopharmacological-approaches-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-the-relevance-of-the-oxidative-stress-status
#7
Simplice Harquin Foyet, Ioana-Miruna Balmus, Ngatanko Abaïssou Hervé Hervé, Asongalem Acha Emmanuel, Samson Guenne, Martin Kiendrebéogo, Alin Ciobica
Neurodegenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders are one of the most important pathologies that lead to increased morbidity in populations. Both mood and anxiety disorders include mental disorders not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain. At the molecular level, affective spectrum symptomatology is due to neurotransmitter dysregulation including receptor or transporter impairments and also due to faulty intracellular signaling that generally leads to impaired neurotransmission. Also, recent studies have shown the relationship between oxidative stress and the development of affective disorders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274893/akt-targeted-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-the-methanol-extract-of-chrysanthemum-indicum-var-albescens
#8
Woo Seok Yang, Donghyun Kim, Young-Su Yi, Ji Hye Kim, Hye Yoon Jeong, Kyeonghwan Hwang, Jong-Hoon Kim, Junseong Park, Jae Youl Cho
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wild chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) is one of well-known medicinal plants traditionally used in Korea and China. As a variant of wild chrysanthemum, white wild chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum var. albescens) is also ethnopharmacologically applied to treat various symptoms such as inflammatory diseases. AIM OF STUDY: Although the anti-inflammatory activity of Chrysanthemum indicum has been reported, the anti-inflammatory activity and underlying molecular mechanism of white wild chrysanthemum are poorly understood...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274131/antioxidant-phenolic-and-antifungal-profiles-of-acanthus-mollis-acanthaceae
#9
Carlos Jara, Miguel Leyton, Mauricio Osorio, Viviana Silva, Francisco Fleming, Marilyn Paz, Alejandro Madrid, Marco Mellado
Acanthus mollis is used as ornamental and medicinal plant. The ethnopharmacology reports indicate that extracts have anti-inflammatory activity. Phytoconstituents profile was evaluated by estimating the content of anthraquinones, flavonoids and phenols. In addition, the antioxidant activity was evaluated using four methods: Hydrogen atoms transfer (TRAP, ORAC and DPPH assays), and single electron transfer (FRAP assay). Finally, antifungal activity was determined by the M27-A2 test. The results shown that ethanol extracts have the highest concentration of phenols, anthraquinones and flavonoids...
March 9, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261094/dioscorea-spp-a-wild-edible-tuber-a-study-on-its-ethnopharmacological-potential-and-traditional-use-by-the-local-people-of-similipal-biosphere-reserve-india
#10
REVIEW
Sanjeet Kumar, Gitishree Das, Han-Seung Shin, Jayanta Kumar Patra
A number of wild crops remain unexplored in this world and among them some have excellent medicinal and nutritional properties. India is a harbor of biodiversity in general and phytodiversity in particular. The plant diversity is distributed from the Western Ghats to Eastern Ghats, along with the North-Eastern region and from the Greater Himalayas to the plain of Ganga. Among these distributed floral regions of the country, the Eastern Ghats are important due to their rich floral diversity. The forests of Odisha form a major part of Eastern Ghats in general and the Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) in particular...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257977/review-of-antidiabetic-fruits-vegetables-beverages-oils-and-spices-commonly-consumed-in-the-diet
#11
REVIEW
Maliheh Najari Beidokhti, Anna K Jäger
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and its prevalence is rapidly increasing throughout the world. Modifications of lifestyle such as suitable diet and exercise programs along with pharmacotherapy and education of patients are beneficial therapies for patients with type 2 diabetes. The ethnopharmacological use of herbal medicines, many of them part of our diet as spices, vegetables and fruits, has been developed for the treatment of diabetes due to inexpensiveness, easy availability and few side effects...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257092/first-report-on-the-ethnopharmacological-uses-of-medicinal-plants-by-monpa-tribe-from-the-zemithang-region-of-arunachal-pradesh-eastern-himalayas-india
#12
Tamalika Chakraborty, Somidh Saha, Narendra S Bisht
The Himalayas are well known for high diversity and ethnobotanical uses of the region's medicinal plants. However, not all areas of the Himalayan regions are well studied. Studies on ethnobotanical uses of plants from the Eastern Himalayas are still lacking for many tribes. Past studies have primarily focused on listing plants' vernacular names and their traditional medicinal uses. However, studies on traditional ethnopharmacological practices on medicine preparation by mixing multiple plant products of different species has not yet been reported in published literature from the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India, Eastern Himalayas...
March 2, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243901/the-genus-carissa-an-ethnopharmacological-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-review
#13
REVIEW
Joseph Sakah Kaunda, Ying-Jun Zhang
Carissa L. is a genus of the family Apocynaceae, with about 36 species as evergreen shrubs or small trees native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Most of Carissa plants have been employed and utilized in traditional medicine for various ailments, such as headache, chest complains, rheumatism, oedema, gonorrhoea, syphilis, rabies. So far, only nine Carissa species have been phytochemically studied, which led to the identification of 123 compounds including terpenes, flavonoids, lignans, sterols, simple phenolic compounds, fatty acids and esters, and so on...
February 27, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237473/phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-review-of-elephantorrhiza-goetzei-harms-harms
#14
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Elephantorrhiza goetzei (E. goetzei) commonly known as Goetze's elephantorrhiza, is traditionally used as a decoction in the treatment of a variety of conditions such as pain, sores, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), gastro-intestinal disorders, microbial infections and genito-urinary system disorders. On the basis of its wide distribution in south central Africa, E. goetzei has a long history of applications among the different ethnic groups. A total of 23 ethnomedicinal uses of E. goetzei are documented in this study from 62...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230801/ethnopharmacology-chemistry-and-biological-properties-of-four-malian-medicinal-plants
#15
REVIEW
Karl Egil Malterud
The ethnopharmacology, chemistry and pharmacology of four Malian medicinal plants, Biophytum umbraculum, Burkea africana, Lannea velutina and Terminalia macroptera are reviewed. These plants are used by traditional healers against numerous ailments: malaria, gastrointestinal diseases, wounds, sexually transmitted diseases, insect bites and snake bites, etc. The scientific evidence for these uses is, however, limited. From the chemical and pharmacological evidence presented here, it seems possible that the use in traditional medicine of these plants may have a rational basis, although more clinical studies are needed...
February 21, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229922/mandevilla-longiflora-desf-pichon-improves-airway-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-allergic-asthma
#16
Danielle Ayr Tavares de Almeida, Suellen Iara Guirra Rosa, Thais Campos Dias da Cruz, Eduarda Pavan, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Ilsamar Mendes Soares, Sérgio Donizeti Ascêncio, Antonio Macho, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira Martins
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mandevilla longiflora, popularly known as "velame" in central Brazil, is a subshrub and widely distributed in South America. Its xylopodium is used in the form of a decoction or infusion to treat inflammation and other ailments. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of M. longiflora in an in vivo model of ovalbumin-induced immediate hypersensitivity, identifying its effects on leukocyte infiltration, IgE and LTB4 levels, and Th2 cytokine production...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214687/gastroprotective-effect-and-mechanism-of-action-of-croton-rhamnifolioides-essential-oil-in-mice
#17
Cinara Soares Vidal, Anita Oliveira Brito Pereira Bezerra Martins, Andressa de Alencar Silva, Maria Rayane Correia de Oliveira, Jaime Ribeiro-Filho, Thaís Rodrigues de Albuquerque, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida, Lucindo Jose Quintans, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes
BACKGROUND: Croton rhamnifolioides Pax is a plant species that have been used in the folk medicine to treat ulcers, inflammations and hypertension. However, despite the relevant data obtained from ethnopharmacological studies, the pharmacological properties endorsing the efficacy of this plant to treat ulcer remain to be elucidated. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The present study aimed to characterize the chemical profile and evaluate the gastroprotective activity of the essential oil obtained from C...
February 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214539/lumbee-traditional-medicine-neuroprotective-activities-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-parkinson-s-disease-related-symptoms
#18
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Michael Timmers, Sin Ying Ma, Andrew Thieme, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Mary Ann Lila, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence in surviving neurons of Lewy body inclusions enriched with aggregated forms of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein (aSyn). Although current therapies provide temporary symptomatic relief, they do not slow the underlying neurodegeneration in the midbrain. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Lumbee tribe to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify safe and effective herbal medicines to treat PD...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213109/screening-of-plants-used-in-the-european-traditional-medicine-to-treat-memory-disorders-for-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitory-activity-and-anti-amyloidogenic-activity
#19
Eva S B Lobbens, Karina J Vissing, Lene Jorgensen, Marco van de Weert, Anna K Jäger
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants used in the traditional medicine of Europe to treat memory dysfunction and/or to enhance memory were investigated for activity against the underlying mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate 35 ethanolic extracts of plants, selected using an ethnopharmacological approach, for anti-amyloidogenic activity as well as an ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-amyloidogenic activity of the extracts against amyloid beta was investigated by Thioflavin T fibrillation assays and the ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of acetylcholinesterase was evaluated monitoring the hydrolysis of acetylthiocholine RESULTS: Under the experimental conditions investigated, extracts of two plants, Carum carvi and Olea sylvestris, inhibited amyloid beta fibrillation considerably, eight plant extracts inhibited amyloid beta fibrillation to some extent, 16 plant extracts had no effect on amyloid beta fibrillation and nine extracts accelerated fibrillation of amyloid beta...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209076/an-ethnopharmacological-study-of-aromatic-uyghur-medicinal-plants-in-xinjiang-china
#20
Lu Zhao, Shuge Tian, E Wen, Halmuart Upur
CONTEXT: An ethnobotanical survey was completed in a remote village and surrounding country of Xinjiang, where most Uyghur medicinal plants could be collected. This work clarifies and increases ethnobotanical data. OBJECTIVES: We surveyed and organized aromatic medicinal plants that are commonly used in clinical settings to provide a significant reference for studying new medical activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the survey, informants who have traditional knowledge on aromatic Uyghur medicinal plants were interviewed between March 2014 and September 2014...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
keyword
keyword
19578
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"