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Ethnopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125010/the-genus-scrophularia-a-source-of-iridoids-and-terpenoids-with-a-diverse-biological-activity
#1
Ardalan Pasdaran, Azadeh Hamedi
CONTEXT: Scrophularia genus (Scrophulariaceae) includes about 350 species commonly known as figwort. Many species of this genus grow wild in nature and have not been cultivated yet. However, some species are in danger of extinction. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews the chemical compounds, biological activities and the ethnopharmacology of some Scrophularia species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All information was obtained through reported data on bibliographic database such as Scopus, United States National Agricultural Library, Biological Abstracts, EMBASE, PubMed, MedlinePlus, PubChem and Springer Link (1934-2017)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100933/ethnopharmacological-implications-of-quantitative-and-network-analysis-for-traditional-knowledge-regarding-the-medicinal-use-of-animals-by-indigenous-people-in-wolchulsan-national-park-korea
#2
Geun Kim, Hyun Kim, Mi-Jang Song
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The purpose of this study was to record, analyze, and identify ethnopharmacological implications for oral traditional knowledge regarding the medicinal use of animals by indigenous people living in Wolchulsan National Park, Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through interviews, informal meetings, open and group discussions, and observations guided by semi-structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed via quantitative analysis of informant consensus factor and fidelity level, and network analysis, including centrality and clustering analysis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098206/medicinal-uses-and-natural-availability-of-three-plant-species-in-selected-ecosystems-in-cameroon
#3
Tsabang Nolé, Atsamo Albert, Tsambang Joel Elysée Tsafack, N Donfagsiteli, G Yedjou Clement, Tchinda Thiabo Alembert, A Agbor Gabriel, Tchounwou Paul Bernard
In many developing countries traditional medicine constitutes a major part of health care because of its local availability and affordability compared to modern medicine. However, little is known about the specific uses and availability of medicinal plants. In this research an exploratory study was conducted to determine the uses of three medicinal plants in Cameroon, and to examine their relative distribution and abundance in specific habitats. From a questionnaire administered to traditional healers, we and found that three species of medicinal plants including: Alstonia boonei, Picralima nitida and Sarcocephalus latifolius that are commonly used, either singly or in mixtures to treat human diseases such as muscle and joints pains, hyperthermia, hypertension, hepatitis, jaundice and rheumatism...
2017: J Anal Pharm Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084170/ethnobotanic-ethnopharmacologic-aspects-and-new-phytochemical-insights-into-moroccan-argan-fruits
#4
REVIEW
Farid Khallouki, Mohamed Eddouks, Akdad Mourad, Andrea Breuer, Robert Wyn Owen
This review summarizes available data on argan fruit botany, geographical distribution, traditional uses, environmental interest, socioeconomic role, phytochemistry, as well as health beneficial effects and examination of future prospects. In particular, ethnomedical uses of argan fruits are carried out throughout Morocco where it has been used against various diseases. Different classes of bioactive compounds have been characterized including essential oils, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, flavonoids and their newly reported acylglycosyl derivatives, monophenols, phenolic acids, cinnamic acids, saponins, triterpenes, phytosterols, ubiquinone, melatonin, new aminophenols along with vitamin E among other secondary metabolites...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077533/the-ethnopharmacologic-contribution-to-bioprospecting-natural-products
#5
Eric J Buenz, Rob Verpoorte, Brent A Bauer
Descriptions of the use of natural products in traditional medicine have served as starting points for new therapeutics. The details of the traditional use of these organisms can provide important information for future drug discovery and development efforts. Recent technologic advances provide the framework to leverage ethnopharmacologic data in the drug discovery process. Information on the traditional harvest, preparation, storage, and administration of the organisms, and the natural products they contain, provides valuable details regarding characteristics of the active compounds...
October 27, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066406/an-ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-traditionally-used-for-cancer-treatment-in-the-ashanti-region-ghana
#6
Christian Agyare, Verena Spiegler, Alex Asase, Michael Scholz, Georg Hempel, Andreas Hensel
AIMS: Cancer represents a major health burden and drain on healthcare resources in the world. The majority of the people of Africa still patronize traditional medicine for their health needs, including various forms of cancer. The aim of the following study is the identification of medicinal plants used for cancer treatment by the traditional healers in the Ashanti area of Ghana and to cross-reference the identified plant species with published scientific literature. METHODOLOGY: Validated questionnaires were administered to 85 traditional healers in 10 communities within Ashanti region...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057840/ethnomedicinal-phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-aspects-of-four-medicinal-plants-of-malvaceae-used-in-indian-traditional-medicines-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Jasmeet Kaur Abat, Sanjay Kumar, Aparajita Mohanty
The ethnomedicinal values of plants form the basis of the herbal drug industry. India has contributed its knowledge of traditional system medicines (Ayurveda and Siddha) to develop herbal medicines with negligible side effects. The World Health Organization has also recognized the benefits of drugs developed from natural products. Abutilon indicum, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Sida acuta and Sida rhombifolia are ethnomedicinal plants of Malvaceae, commonly used in Indian traditional system of medicines. Traditionally these plants were used in the form of extracts/powder/paste by tribal populations of India for treating common ailments like cough and cold, fever, stomach, kidney and liver disorders, pains, inflammations, wounds, etc...
October 18, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055721/the-essential-oil-from-citrus-limetta-risso-peels-alleviates-skin-inflammation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#8
Anil Kumar Maurya, Shilpa Mohanty, Anirban Pal, Chandan Singh Chanotiya, Dnyaneshawar Umrao Bawankule
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Citrus fruit peels are traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of skin disorders but it lacks proper pharmacological intervention. Citrus limetta Risso (Rutaceae) is an important commercial fruit crops used by juice processing industries in all continents. Ethnopharmacological validation of an essential oil isolated from its peels may play a key role in converting the fruit waste materials into therapeutic value added products. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the chemical and pharmacological (in-vitro and in-vivo) profile of essential oil isolated from Citrus limetta peels (Clp-EO) against skin inflammation for its ethnopharmacological validation...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045823/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-african-nauclea-species-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Romain Haudecoeur, Marine Peuchmaur, Basile Pérès, Maxime Rome, Germain Sotoing Taïwe, Ahcène Boumendjel, Benjamin Boucherle
ETHNOPHARMACOALOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Nauclea in Africa comprises seven species. Among them, N. latifolia, N. diderrichii and N. pobeguinii are widely used by the local population in traditional remedies. Preparation from various parts of plants (e.g. roots, bark, leaves) are indicated by traditional healers for a wide range of diseases including malaria, pain, digestive ailments or metabolic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted on African species of the genus Nauclea using scientific databases such as Google Scholar, Pubmed or SciFinder...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044318/antibiotic-activity-of-plectranthus-ornatus-codd-a-traditional-medicinal-plant
#10
Fernanda R Nascimento, Kamylla R S Albuquerque, Marcos R Oliveira, Virginia R Pizziolo, Beatriz G Brasileiro, Gaspar Diaz, Marisa A N Diaz
The dichloromethane extract of Plectranthus ornatus Codd., a tradicional medicinal plant, showed antibiotic activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 0.4 mg.mL-1 and 100 percent of biofilm inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from animals with mastitis infections. Based on these antibacterial activities, in addition to ethnopharmacological reports from healing men and farmers in Brazil, an herbal soap was produced from this active extract and was tested both in vitro and in vivo...
October 16, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026369/corrigendum-ethnopharmacological-approaches-for-therapy-of-jaundice-part-ii-highly-used-plant-species-from-acanthaceae-euphorbiaceae-asteraceae-combretaceae-and-fabaceae-families
#11
Devesh Tewari, Andrei Mocan, Emil D Parvanov, Archana N Sah, Seyed M Nabavi, Lukasz Huminiecki, Zheng Feei Ma, Yeong Yeh Lee, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
[This corrects the article on p. 519 in vol. 8, PMID: 28848436.].
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994546/-variety-systematization-and-research-progress-of-mongolian-medicine-bashaga
#12
Yun-Shan Zhao, Ya-Qiong Bi, Lu-Jing Lei, Xiang-Hui Zhu, Ying Lv, Chun-Hong Zhang, Min-Hui Li
Mongolian medicine is the traditional drug with the theory of Mongolian medicine and pharmacy as a guide, which made a great contribution to the survival and development of the Mongolian people. Mongolian medicine "Bashaga" faced the situations of origin is unclear, and clinical therapy is confused and so on. This paper summarizes the original plants and studies the species textual research and ethnopharmacology of Mongolian medicine "Bashaga". This paper intends to ensure authentic plant and provide comprehensive insight into the chemical constituents, pharmacology and application status of Mongolian medicine "Bashaga" to discuss the rationality of the confirmation in "Bashaga" authentic plant...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989253/psidium-guajava-a-single-plant-for-multiple-health-problems-of-rural-indian-population
#13
REVIEW
Poonam G Daswani, Manasi S Gholkar, Tannaz J Birdi
The rural population in India faces a number of health problems and often has to rely on local remedies. Psidium guajava Linn. (guava), a tropical plant which is used as food and medicine can be used by rural communities due to its several medicinal properties. A literature search was undertaken to gauge the rural health scenario in India and compile the available literature on guava so as to reflect its usage in the treatment of multiple health conditions prevalent in rural communities. Towards this, electronic databases such as Pubmed, Science Direct, google scholar were scanned...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989244/herbal-drugs-from-sudan-traditional-uses-and-phytoconstituents
#14
REVIEW
Mohamed Gamaleldin Elsadig Karar, Nikolai Kuhnert
Sudan folklore medicine is characterized by a unique combination of Islamic, Arabic, and African cultures. In poor communities, traditional medicine has remained as the most reasonable source of treatment of several diseases and microbial infections. Although the traditional medicine is accepted in Sudan, to date there is no updated review available, which focuses on most effective and frequently used Sudanese medicinal plants. Thus, this review aims to summarize the published information on the ethnobotanical uses of medicinal plants from Sudan, preparation methods, phytochemistry, and ethnopharmacology...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975089/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-to-prevent-and-treat-diabetes-an-updated-review-of-ethnobotanical-studies-in-iran
#15
REVIEW
Majid Asadi-Samani, Mohammad-Taghi Moradi, Leila Mahmoodnia, Shahla Alaei, Fatemeh Asadi-Samani, Tahra Luther
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are currently on the rise due to industrialization of the communities, which has recently led to increased incidence of different diseases such as diabetes. Epidemiological studies and figures have demonstrated the growing incidence of diabetes. Relevantly, the side effects of chemical drugs have led patients to use medicinal plants and traditional approaches despite advances in development of chemical drugs. The aim of this review article is to report the medicinal plants and their traditional uses to prevent and treat diabetes according to the findings of ethnobotanical studies conducted in different regions of Iran...
July 2017: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970154/evaluation-of-extracts-prepared-from-16-plants-used-in-yao-ethnomedicine-as-potential-anticancer-agents
#16
Nadin Marwan Almosnid, Xiaolei Zhou, Lihe Jiang, Amy Ridings, Deborah Knott, Shuo Wang, Fan Wei, Jingquan Yuan, Elliot Altman, Ying Gao, Jianhua Miao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicines of the Yao ethnic group in China are a special branch of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and are well documented for use in disease prevention. According to an ethnopharmacological survey, there are 1392 species of medicinal plants that have been documented as Yao ethnomedicines and 104 of these species are used routinely. This study evaluated a partial collection of these 104 core plant species for their potential as anticancer agents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature study of scientific journals and books in the local language was conducted...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951243/root-bark-extracts-of-myrianthus-arboreus-p-beauv-cecropiaceae-exhibit-anti-diabetic-potential-by-modulating-hepatocyte-glucose-homeostasis
#17
Pierre B Kasangana, Abir Nachar, Hoda M Eid, Tatjana Stevanovic, Pierre S Haddad
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv. is a tropical tree used in African folk medicine, including for diabetes. However, little research has yet been conducted to support this ethnopharmacological use of this plant. The present study sought to determine the antidiabetic potential of root bark extracts through cell-based bioassays of liver and muscle glucose homeostasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four extracts were obtained from crude root bark powder: 1 aqueous (AQ), 2 ethanol (EtOH), 3 alkaloid enriched (Alk) (obtained from methanol extract) and 4 dichloromethane (Dic) extracts...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942138/ethnopharmacological-approaches-to-kidney-disease-prospecting-an-indigenous-species-from-brazilian-pantanal
#18
Cleide Adriane Signor Tirloni, Rhanany Alan Calloi Palozi, Thainá de Almeida Tomazetto, Paulo César de Paula Vasconcelos, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Valter Paes de Almeida, Jane Manfron Budel, Lauro Mera de Souza, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Although Luehea divaricata Mart. (Malvaceae) is popularly used by the population of the Brazilian Pantanal for the treatment of different types of kidney diseases, no study has been carried out to prove this ethnobotanical indication. AIM: To investigate the possible cardiorenal effects of an herbal preparation obtained from L. divaricata leaves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, to provide quality control standards, a detailed morphological and microchemical characterization of L...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930224/aromatic-medicinal-plants-of-the-lamiaceae-family-from-uzbekistan-ethnopharmacology-essential-oils-composition-and-biological-activities
#19
REVIEW
Nilufar Z Mamadalieva, Davlat Kh Akramov, Elisa Ovidi, Antonio Tiezzi, Lutfun Nahar, Shahnoz S Azimova, Satyajit D Sarker
Plants of the Lamiaceae family are important ornamental, medicinal, and aromatic plants, many of which produce essential oils that are used in traditional and modern medicine, and in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora are widespread throughout the world, are the most popular plants in Uzbek traditional remedies, and are often used for the treatment of wounds, gastritis, infections, dermatitis, bronchitis, and inflammation...
February 10, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925906/buxus-sempervirens-l-improves-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitus-in-rats
#20
Mohamed Eddouks, Mohammed Ajebli
BACKGROUND: Buxus sempervirens L. (Boxwood) is a medicinal plant used in Moroccan traditional medicine for diabetes treatment in Morocco. However; there is no experimental support of this ethnopharmacological use. METHODS: The present investigation aimed to study the antidiabetic and the preliminary phytochemical of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Buxus sempervirens (AELBS). AELBS (5 mg/kg) was administered by gavage to normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and blood glucose levels were measured for 6 hours (acute study) and 15 days (chronic study)...
September 18, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
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