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Ethnopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792358/in-vitro-activities-of-ceiba-speciosa-a-st-hil-ravenna-aqueous-stem-bark-extract
#1
Juliana Andréa Dörr, Shanna Bitencourt, Luísa Bortoluzzi, Celso Alves, Joana Silva, Stefani Stoll, Susete Pinteus, Aline Augusti Boligon, Roberto Christ Vianna Santos, Stefan Laufer, Rui Pedrosa, Márcia Inês Goettert
Several species of the genus Ceiba (Malvaceae) are ethnopharmacologically used. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the in vitro beneficial properties of the aqueous stem bark extract of Ceiba speciosa. The extract presented a great amount of phenolic compounds (117.4 ± 6.2 mg GAE/g). The antioxidant activity was assessed by DPPH (IC50  = 42.87 μg/mL), ORAC (2351.17 μmol TE/g) and FRAP (235.94 μM FeSO4 /g) methods. In addition, the extract reduced MCF-7 cell viability as assessed by MTT. However, it prevented mitochondrial membrane depolarization and reduced caspase-9 activity induced by hydrogen peroxide...
May 24, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792196/ethnozoological-study-of-traditional-medicinal-appreciation-of-animals-and-their-products-among-the-indigenous-people-of-metema-woreda-north-western-ethiopia
#2
Fasil Adugna Kendie, Sileshi Andualem Mekuriaw, Melkamu Andargie Dagnew
BACKGROUND: Using animals for different purposes goes back to the dawn of mankind. Animals served as a source of food, medicine, and clothing for humans and provided other services. This study was designed to undertake a cross-sectional ethnozoological field survey among the residents of Metema Woreda from November 2015 to May 2016. METHODS: Data were collected through studied questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions with 36 purposively selected respondents...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790063/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-antitumor-activity-of-ligustrum-robustum-a-chinese-herbal-tea
#3
Hao-Jiang Zuo, Shan Liu, Chun Yan, Li-Man Li, Xiao-Fang Pei
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of the aqueous extract of Ligustrum robustum on tumor growth in vitro and in vivo and explore the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: In in vitro study, cell viabilities of human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa), human breast cancer cells (MCF-7), human prostate cancer cells (PC-3), human hepatoma cells (7721) and human colon carcinoma cells (SW480) were evaluated with cell counting kit-8. For L. robustum-treated Hela cells, early or late apoptosis were evaluated by annexin V/PI staining...
May 22, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785774/thymol-thyme-and-other-plant-sources-health-and-potential-uses
#4
REVIEW
Bahare Salehi, Abhay Prakash Mishra, Ila Shukla, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, María Del Mar Contreras, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Hannane Fathi, Nafiseh Nasri Nasrabadi, Farzad Kobarfard, Javad Sharifi-Rad
Thymol is a naturally occurring phenol monoterpene derivative of cymene and isomer of carvacrol. Thymol (10-64%) is one of the major constituent of essential oils of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L., Lamiaceae), a medicinal plant with several therapeutic properties. This plant, native to Mediterranean regions, is commonly used as a culinary herb and also with a long history of use for different medicinal purposes. Nowadays, thymol and thyme present a wide range of functional possibilities in pharmacy, food, and cosmetic industry...
May 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773014/investigations-of-phytochemical-constituents-and-their-pharmacological-properties-isolated-from-the-genus-urtica-critical-review-and-analysis
#5
Muhammad Ibrahim, Kanwal Rehman, Aneeza Razzaq, Iqbal Hussain, Tahir Farooq, Amjad Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The genus Urtica belongs to the family Urticaceae. The plants of this genus are known as nettles or, quite often, as stinging nettles. These plants can be easily identified by the presence of stinging hairs. Urtica species have previously been used for various medicinal purposes. The history for the use of these plants for medicinal purposes starts from the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). Medicinally, the genus Urtica has been used to treat several disorders, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis, diarrhea, sprains, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, high blood pressure, hemorrhoids, flu, cough, fever, and ulcers...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770153/ethnopharmacological-studies-for-the-development-of-new-drugs
#6
EDITORIAL
José Carlos Tavares Carvalho, Caio Pinho Fernandes, Jesus Rafael Rodriguez Amado, Andrés Navarrete, Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757004/hplc-and-nmr-analysis-of-the-phenyl-ethanoid-glycosides-pattern-of-verbascum-thapsus-l-cultivated-in-the-etnean-area
#7
Claudio Frezza, Armandodoriano Bianco, Mauro Serafini, Sebastiano Foddai, Manuel Salustri, Massimo Reverberi, Luca Gelardi, Andrea Bonina, Francesco Paolo Bonina
In this work the HPLC and NMR analysis of the phenyl-ethanoid glycosides (PhGs) pattern of a cultivated exemplar of Verbascum thapsus L. (Scrophulariaceae) from the Etnean area (Sicily, Italy) was performed in order to verify their possible presence. Wild V. thapsus is well-known in ethnopharmacology due to the several beneficial effects that it is able to exert and which are primarily due to these compounds. So, it's extremely important that also cultivated exemplars of this species biosynthesize them in order to maintain their pharmacological properties...
May 14, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738847/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-miquel-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Qiao Zhang, Yunliang Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaolong Hu, Wenwen Lv, Duo Lv, Jinjin Chen, Minglan Wu, Qichao Song, Jianzhong Shentu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL USAGES: Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological research of A...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734716/nutraceutical-and-ethnopharmacological-properties-of-vangueria-infausta-subsp-infausta
#9
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Vangueria infausta subsp. infausta (VI) is a nutraceutical with plant parts valued in several cultures for its medicinal properties. Traditionally, VI is used against gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria, pneumonia, cough, menstrual problems, parasitic worms, chest complaints, snake bites, infertility, fever, candidiasis and abdominal pains. This study aims to critically summarize the nutraceutical properties, phytochemistry and pharmacology of VI with a view to provide baseline data required for further investigations on this plant...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734660/syzygium-cordatum-hochst-ex-krauss-an-overview-of-its-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties
#10
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Syzygium cordatum is a valuable medicinal plant in the materia medica of east and southern Africa. The aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological properties of S. cordatum . Relevant literature search was carried out using internet sources such as ACS, Web of Science, Wiley, SpringerLink, Scopus, Mendeley, Google Scholar, Pubmed, SciFinder, BioMed Central, Science Direct and Elsevier. Other literature sources were conference papers, book chapters, books, theses and websites...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733941/anti-quorum-sensing-activity-toxicity-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos-and-phytochemical-characterization-of-trapa-natans-leaf-extracts
#11
Ivana Aleksic, Petar Ristivojevic, Aleksandar Pavic, Ivana Radojević, Ljiljana R Čomić, Branka Vasiljevic, Dejan Opsenica, Dušanka Milojković-Opsenica, Lidija Senerovic
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Trapa natans L. (water chestnut or water caltrop) is a widespread aquatic plant, which has been cultivated for food and traditional medicine since ancient times. Pharmacological studies showed that water chestnut exhibits the wide range of biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antioxidative, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, as well as antiulcer. AIMOF THE STUDY: Evaluation of anti-virulence potential and toxicity of T. natans methanol (TnM), acetone (TnA) and ethyl acetate (TnEA) leaf extracts...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730133/cytotoxic-effect-of-kalanchoe-flammea-and-induction-of-intrinsic-mitochondrial-apoptotic-signaling-in-prostate-cancer-cells
#12
Iván Arias-González, Alejandro M García-Carrancá, Jorge Cornejo-Garrido, Cynthia Ordaz-Pichardo
Ethnopharmacological importance: Kalanchoe flammea Stapf (Crassulaceae) is a medicinal plant grown in the South of Mexico (State of Tabasco), which is commonly used in traditional medicine for the treatment of fever, wounds, inflammation, and cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: To establish the potential of K. flammea for the treatment of prostate cancer, evaluating its cytotoxic activity, its probable mechanism of action, and carrying out some toxicological safety studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cytotoxic activity of the ethyl acetate extract of K...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730132/a-billion-cups-the-diversity-traditional-uses-safety-issues-and-potential-of-chinese-herbal-teas
#13
REVIEW
Yao Fu, Jin-Chao Yang, Antony Balfour Cunningham, Alexandra Maria Towns, Yu Zhang, Hua-Ying Yang, Jian-Wen Li, Xue-Fei Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal teas have long been consumed by Chinese people for preventive and/or therapeutic healthcare. Although herbal teas are widely consumed by many cultural groups in different regions of China, no thorough review has been undertaken to assess the diversity of the country's herbal tea usage. This literature review, complemented by a quantitative survey in an important tea market in Kunming, begins to fill this knowledge gap. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The study aims to summarize the current knowledge of plant species used as herbal teas by different cultural groups in different regions of China, with a focus on the teas' perceived traditional healthcare functions, related phytochemical/pharmaceutical research, and safety issues...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727733/lipophilic-extracts-of-leucas-zeylanica-a-multi-purpose-medicinal-plant-in-the-tropics-inhibit-key-enzymes-involved-in-inflammation-and-gout
#14
Mayuri Napagoda, Jana Gerstmeier, Hannah Butschek, Sybille Lorenz, Dinusha Kanatiwela, Sudhara De Soyza, Mallique Qader, Ajith Nagahawatte, Gaya Bandara Wijayaratne, Aleš Svatoš, Lalith Jayasinghe, Andreas Koeberle, Oliver Werz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leucas zeylanica (L.) W.T. Aiton is a popular, multi-purpose medicinal plant in Sri Lanka but the pharmacological potential and the chemical profile have not been systematically investigated to understand and rationalize the reported ethnobotanical significance. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was undertaken to scientifically validate the traditional usage of this plant for the treatment of inflammatory conditions, gout and microbial infections...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725356/yerba-mate-ilex-paraguariensis-beverage-nutraceutical-ingredient-or-conveyor-for-the-intake-of-medicinal-plants-evidence-from-paraguayan-folk-medicine
#15
Monika Kujawska
The use of medicinal plants mixed with yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) has been poorly studied in the ethnopharmacological literature so far. The Paraguayan Mestizo people have the longest tradition of using the yerba mate beverage, apart from the indigenous Guarani people. This study analyses the role of yerba mate and medicinal plants in the treatment of illnesses within Paraguayan folk medicine. The research was conducted among 100 Paraguayan migrants living in Misiones, Argentina, in 2014 and 2015. Yerba mate is not considered to be a medicinal plant by its own virtues but is culturally a very important type of medicinal plant intake...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723584/preclinical-safety-evaluation-of-the-ethanolic-extract-from-guavira-fruits-campomanesia-pubescens-d-c-o-berg-in-experimental-models-of-acute-and-short-term-toxicity-in-rats
#16
Gustavo Roberto Villas Boas, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Flávio Henrique Souza de Araújo, Giseli Karenina Traesel, Jhony Moreira Marcelino, Ana Paula Stefanello da Silveira, Brunna Charla Feitosa Farinelli, Claudia Andréa Lima Cardoso, Roseli Boerngen de Lacerda, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich
Campomanesia pubescens is a fruit plant widely distributed in South America and used by the population for medicinal and nutritional purposes, with important economic and cultural value. This study evaluated the toxic potential of the ethanolic extract from C. pubescens (EEFCP) fruits through acute and short-term toxicity tests. For the acute toxicity test, female rats received a single oral dose of 2000 mg/kg body weight of EEFCP and were observed for 14 days. In the short-term toxicity test, male and female rats received repeated oral doses of 125, 250, 500 or 1000 mg/kg of EEFCP, being treated and observed for 28 days, and after the treatment period, a satellite and satellite control group remained under observation for another 14 days...
April 30, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709646/cytotoxicity-of-18-cameroonian-medicinal-plants-against-drug-sensitive-and-multi-factorial-drug-resistant-cancer-cells
#17
Armelle T Mbaveng, Hermione T Manekeng, Gaelle S Nguenang, Joachim K Dzotam, Victor Kuete, Thomas Efferth
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Recommendations have been made stating that ethnopharmacological usages such as immune and skin disorders, inflammatory, infectious, parasitic and viral diseases should be taken into account if selecting plants for anticancer screening, since these reflect disease states bearing relevance to cancer or cancer-like symptoms. Cameroonian medicinal plants investigated in this work are traditionally used to treat cancer or ailments with relevance to cancer or cancer-like symptoms...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698776/aloysia-citrodora-pal%C3%A3-u-lemon-verbena-a-review-of-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#18
REVIEW
Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Pourouchista Rostamiasrabadi, Zahra Shahpiri, André M Marques, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aloysia citrodora Paláu (Lippia citriodora Kunth), commonly known as "lemon verbena" is a medicinal plant native to South America, North Africa, and South of Europe which is used by native people for several indications such as diarrhea, flatulence, insomnia, and rheumatism. AIM OF THE REVIEW: Despite the wide biological activities of lemon verbena, there is no current review summarizing medicinal properties of the plant; thus, this paper aims to discuss current state of the art regarding the phytochemistry, pharmacology, and therapeutic applications of A...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695271/essential-oils-of-citrus-aurantifolia-anthemis-nobile-and-lavandula-officinalis-in-vitro-anthelmintic-activities-against-haemonchus-contortus
#19
Luis Eduardo Ferreira, Bruno Iglesias Benincasa, Ana Lúcia Fachin, Silvia Helena Taleb Contini, Suzelei Castro França, Ana Carolina Souza Chagas, Rene Oliveira Beleboni
BACKGROUND: Infections of sheep with gastrointestinal parasites, especially Haemonchus contortus, have caused serious losses in livestock production, particularly after the emergence of resistance to conventional anthelmintics. The search for new anthelmintic agents, especially those of botanical origin, has grown substantially due to the perspective of less contamination of meat and milk, as well as other advantages related to their cost and accessibility in less developed countries...
April 25, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693193/corilagin-induces-the-apoptosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-through-the-mitochondrial-apoptotic-and-death-receptor-pathways
#20
Yuan Deng, Xudan Li, Xuan Li, Zhizhong Zheng, Wen Huang, Lianghua Chen, Qingxuan Tong, Yanlin Ming
Corilagin, a gallotannin, is one of the major active components of many ethnopharmacological plants and exhibits antitumor, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties. In recent years, corilagin has provoked much attention due to its antitumor activity, yet the mechanisms attributed to its anticancer actions are largely unknown. In our previous research, our group reported that corilagin could inhibit the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by inducing G2/M phase arrest. In the present study, observation of the morphological changes showed that corilagin induced the apoptosis of HCC cells as determined by AO/EB and Hoechst 33258 staining assays...
April 23, 2018: Oncology Reports
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