Read by QxMD icon Read


Cynthia de Jesus Freire, Lucas Roberto da Silva Barbosa, João Gomes da Costa, Renata Guerda de Araújo Santos, Aldenir Feitosa Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of phytotherapy as a therapy adopted in the context of Primary Care to Childhood. METHOD: Observational and analytical field research, with quantitative-qualitative approach. A semi-structured survey was used on socio-demographic and ethnopharmacological variables, audio interview and daily observation. RESULTS: The production of knowledge about phytotherapy constitutes a family heritage, but incorporated data resulting from the daily experiences shared by the community...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Wandayi Emmanuel Amlabu, Ishaya Haruna Nock, Naveen Kumar Kaushik, Dinesh Mohanakrishnan, Jyoti Tiwary, Patrick Ahmadu Audu, Musbahu S Abubakar, Dinkar Sahal
The plant kingdom continues to hold great promise for the eradication of Malaria infection following the challenges of insecticide resistance by the vector mosquito, drug resistance by the parasite, and the development of a vaccine still being a mirage. Acalypha wilkesiana Muller Argoviensis, 1866 (family: Euphorbiaceae) leaves have the ethnopharmacological reputation for use as a remedy against dermal microbial infections in Nigeria. Here, we have studied the antiplasmodial potential of the extract of the leaves of this ornamental plant...
March 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
Mohamed Djamel Miara, Hamdi Bendif, Mohammed Ait Hammou, Irene Teixidor-Toneu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This study is the first ethnobotanical survey focusing on the herbal medicines traditionally used by the nomadic community of the Algerian steppe, identifying new medicinal plants and uses from one of the most characteristic indigenous populations in Algeria. Moreover, the study contributes to the understanding of transmission of medicinal plant knowledge in the Mediterranean basin. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work aims to document the phytotherapeutical knowledge and practice of the nomadic community of the Algerian steppe, and compare it with neighbouring sedentary populations and Mediterranean historical texts...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
V C Graça, Maria Inês Dias, Lillian Barros, Ricardo C Calhelha, P F Santos, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Geranium molle L., commonly known as Dove's-foot Crane's-bill or Dovesfoot Geranium, is an herbaceous plant belonging to the Geraniaceae family. Contrary to many other Geranium species, the bioactivity and the phytochemical composition of G. molle seem not to have attracted attention until a recent study from our group regarding the bioactivity of several aqueous and organic extracts of the plant. In particular, we assessed the cytotoxic activity of these extracts against several human tumor cell lines (breast, lung, cervical and hepatocellular carcinomas) and a non-tumor porcine liver primary cell line, inspired by an ethnopharmacological report describing the traditional use of this medicinal plant in some regions of Northeast Portugal for the treatment of cancer...
March 15, 2018: Food & Function
Madhuri Shelar, Sadhana Nanaware, S Arulmozhi, Sathiyanarayanan Lohidasan, Kakasaheb Mahadik
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sarasvata ghrita (SG), a polyherbal formulation from ayurveda, an ancient medicinal system of India, has been used to improve intelligence and memory, treat speech delay, speaking difficulties and low digestion power in children. AIM OF THE STUDY: Study aimed to validate the ethno use of SG in memory enhancement through systematic scientific protocol. The effect of SG and modern extracts of ingredients of SG was compared on cognitive function and neuroprotection in amyloid-β peptide 25-35(Aβ25-35) induced memory impairment in wistar rats...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Min Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Xiao-Bo Sun, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Zhejie Chen, Chen Zhang, Fei Gao, Qiang Fu, Chaomei Fu, Yao He, Jinming Zhang
Chuanxiong Rhizome (called Chuanxiong, CX in Chinese), the dried rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort, is an extremely common traditional edible-medicinal herb. As a widely used ethnomedicine in Asia including China, Japan and Korea, CX possesses ideal therapeutic effect on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and is also used as a major ingredient in soups for regular consumption to benefit health. Based on the traditional perception, amounts of investigations on different aspects have been done for CX in the past decades...
February 24, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Devesh Tewari, Adrian M Stankiewicz, Andrei Mocan, Archana N Sah, Nikolay T Tzvetkov, Lukasz Huminiecki, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
Dementia is a clinical syndrome wherein gradual decline of mental and cognitive capabilities of an afflicted person takes place. Dementia is associated with various risk factors and conditions such as insufficient cerebral blood supply, toxin exposure, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative damage, and often coexisting with some neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD), and Parkinson's disease (PD). Although there are well-established (semi-)synthetic drugs currently used for the management of AD and AD-associated dementia, most of them have several adverse effects...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
François Chassagne, Mohamed Haddad, Aurélien Amiel, Chiobouaphong Pharkeovilay, Chanthanom Manithip, Geneviève Bourdy, Eric Deharo, Guillaume Marti
Liver cancer is a major health burden in Southeast Asia, and most patients turn towards the use of medicinal plants to alleviate their symptoms. The aim of this work was to apply to Southeast Asian plants traditionally used to treat liver disorders, a successive ranking strategy based on a comprehensive review of the literature and metabolomic data in order to relate ethnopharmacological relevance to chemical entities of interest. We analyzed 45 publications resulting in a list of 378 plant species, and our point system based on the frequency of citation in the literature allowed the selection of 10 top ranked species for further collection and extraction...
February 22, 2018: Fitoterapia
Woo Seok Yang, Eunju Yang, Min-Jeong Kim, Deok Jeong, Deok Hyo Yoon, Gi-Ho Sung, Seungihm Lee, Byong Chul Yoo, Seung-Gu Yeo, Jae Youl Cho
Momordica charantia known as bitter melon is a representative medicinal plant reported to exhibit numerous pharmacological activities such as antibacterial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, antitumor, and hypoglycemic actions. Although this plant has high ethnopharmacological value for treating inflammatory diseases, the molecular mechanisms by which it inhibits the inflammatory response are not fully understood. In this study, we aim to identify the anti-inflammatory mechanism of this plant. To this end, we studied the effects of its methanol extract (Mc-ME) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
S A Petropoulos, A Karkanis, N Martins, I C F R Ferreira
Wild native species are usually grown under severe and stressful conditions, while a special category includes halophytic species that are tolerant to high salinity levels. Native halophytes are valuable sources of bioactive molecules whose content is higher in saline than normal conditions, since the adaptation to salinity mechanisms involve apart from changes in physiological functions the biosynthesis of protectant molecules. These compounds include secondary metabolites with several beneficial health effects which have been known since ancient times and used for medicinal purposes...
February 15, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Xiao-Fang Hu, Qiang Zhang, Pan-Pan Zhang, Li-Juan Sun, Ji-Chao Liang, Susan L Morris-Natschke, Yong Chen, Kuo-Hsiung Lee
The aims of the present study were to assess the anti-diabetic effects of Physalis alkekengi L. (PA) in 3T3-L1 pre-adipocyte cells and HepG2-GFP-CYP2E1 (E47) cells and in a pre-diabetic rat model, as well as to identify the active chemical constituents. The in vitro results showed that PA has a strong anti-diabetic capacity to relieve oxidative stress and inhibit α-glucosidase activity. Mechanistic analysis also showed that ethyl acetate extracts of aerial parts and fruit of PA (PAG-EA and PAF-EA) enhanced glucose transporter 4 expression and function as well as enhanced insulin sensitivity by inhibiting the expression of cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1) mRNA and protein...
February 12, 2018: Fitoterapia
Mohammad S Abu-Darwish, Thomas Efferth
Background: Cancer is one of the major problems affecting public health worldwide. As other cultures, the populations of the Near East rely on medicinal herbs and their preparations to fight cancer. Methods: We compiled data derived from historical ethnopharmacological information as well as in vitro and in vivo results and clinical findings extracted from different literature databases including (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) during the past two decades. Results: In this survey, we analyzed the huge amount of data available on anticancer ethnopharmacological sources used in the Near East...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Shiyao Hua, Yiwei Zhang, Jiayue Liu, Lin Dong, Jun Huang, Dingbo Lin, Xueyan Fu
Smilax glabra (SG) Roxb., a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, has been extensively used worldwide for its marked pharmacological activities for treating syphilitic poisoned sores, limb hypertonicity, morbid leucorrhea, eczema pruritus, strangury due to heat, carbuncle toxin, and many other human ailments. Approximately 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from SG Roxb., and the major components have been determined to be flavonoids and flavonoid glycosides, phenolic acids, and steroids. Among these active compounds, the effects of astilbin, which is used as a quality control marker to determine the quality of SG Roxb...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Amany A Thabet, Fadia S Youssef, Mohamed El-Shazly, Abdel Nasser B Singab
OBJECTIVES: Sterculia and Brachychiton are two related genera (Malvaceae) containing more than 300 species. Most of these species are ornamental trees that are native to Australia and widely cultivated in many countries. Different members of the two genera were used by various cultures for medicinal and economical purposes. This review sheds light on the medicinal values and chemical composition of various species of these two genera. KEY FINDINGS: Sterculia and Brachychiton species were used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, microbial infection, skin diseases, inflammation and many other conditions...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Natchagorn Lumlerdkij, Jaturapat Tantiwongse, Suksalin Booranasubkajorn, Ranida Boonrak, Pravit Akarasereenont, Tawee Laohapand, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Thai traditional medicine (TTM) is widely practiced in Thailand and continues to gain importance in cancer management, but little is known about the TTM practitioners' emic concepts and practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: With this study we firstly aim to document the practice of cancer treatment and prevention by TTM practitioners and, secondly, to evaluate how such traditional concepts and practices are correlated with biomedical ones. This in turn can form the basis for developing novel strategies for designing pharmacological experiments and longer term strategies to develop TTM practice...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Daniel Lotanna Ajaghaku, Peter Achunike Akah, Emmanuel Emeka Ilodigwe, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Uduma Eke Osonwa, Festus Basden Chinedu Okoye
BACKGROUND: Millettia aboensis (Hook. F.) Baker (Fabaceae) is popular in ethnomedicine for its acclaimed efficacy in a number of disease conditions. This study evaluated the immunomodulatory effect of the leaf extract as a possible mechanism of its ethnomedicinal uses. METHODS: Humoral and cellular immune responses of Balb/c mice to tetanus toxoid and cyclophosphamide, respectively, were used to monitor immunomodulatory activities of the ethanol leaf extract and fractions of M...
February 6, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Sasikumar Murugan, Bharathi Bethapudi, Divya Purusothaman, Prasanna Raja, Chandrasekaran Chinampudur Velusami
BACKGROUND: Curcuma longa Linn, "the golden spice" is a common spice used in southern Asia and Middle East countries. It has a history of ethnopharmacological use for its various functional activities like antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer and so on. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of polar extract of C. longa (PCL) against monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced osteoarthritis in rat and to compare with curcuminoids, which are contemporarily believed to be the only active phytochemicals of C...
January 26, 2018: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Rebecca S Linger
Objective. To create and implement a class in ethnopharmacology that would educate student pharmacists on folk medicine, including home remedies and native plants that are used as alternative medicinal sources; active components of medicinal plants including toxicity issues and the mechanism of action of beneficial compounds, such as catechins and other flavonoids; and nutraceuticals and poisonous plants. Methods. In this three-credit hour class, herbal remedies are investigated from the standpoints of medical efficacy, potential toxicities and drug interactions with prescribed medications...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Toyin Mohammed Salman, Isiaka Abdullateef Alagbonsi, Abdul-Rahuf Aderemi Feyitimi, Peter O Ajayi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f. (TO) is popular in Nigeria for the ethnopharmacological use of its leaves to improve haematological parameters in normal and anaemic subjects. Cytokines are well-known to regulate haematopoiesis. However, their involvement in TO-associated haematopoietic effect is not known and necessitated this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty five (25) male rats were randomly divided into 3 oral treatment groups as follows: Group 1 (control, n=5) received 0...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"