Read by QxMD icon Read


Lêniféré Chantal Soro, Sylvie Munier, Yves Pelissier, Lidwine Grosmaire, Rickey Yada, David Kitts, Anin Louise Ocho-Anin Atchibri, Caroline Guzman, Frédéric Boudard, Chantal Menut, Jean Charles Robinson, Patrick Poucheret
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lippia multiflora is a plant with nutritional and pharmaco-therapeutic properties that is native to central and occidental Africa. The potential effects of plants on health are associated with their chemical composition. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify chemical variations in essential oils of Lippia multiflora as a function of geographic origin and time of annual harvest to determine optimal chemical profiles for ethno-pharmacotherapeutic applications...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fausto Carnevale Neto, Alan C Pilon, Denise M Selegato, Rafael T Freire, Haiwei Gu, Daniel Raftery, Norberto P Lopes, Ian Castro-Gamboa
Dereplication based on hyphenated techniques has been extensively applied in plant metabolomics, thereby avoiding re-isolation of known natural products. However, due to the complex nature of biological samples and their large concentration range, dereplication requires the use of chemometric tools to comprehensively extract information from the acquired data. In this work we developed a reliable GC-MS-based method for the identification of non-targeted plant metabolites by combining the Ratio Analysis of Mass Spectrometry deconvolution tool (RAMSY) with Automated Mass Spectral Deconvolution and Identification System software (AMDIS)...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
Jyoti Dahiya, Jitender Singh, Ashwani Kumar, Anupam Sharma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Leaves of M. koenigii Linn. Spreng (Rutaceae) have been used as traditional medicine for anxiety disorders. Aim of the study was to isolate antianxiety principle(s) from the leaves of M. koenigii using bioactivity guided approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hydroalcoholic extract of M. koenigii leaves was prepared using soxhlet apparatus, and the same was evaluated for antianxiety activity at 250, 500 and 750mg/kg, po, using Elevated plus-maze (EPM)...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ramanathan Srinivasan, Kannan Rama Devi, Arunachalam Kannappan, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian, Arumugam Veera Ravi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Piper betle, a tropical creeper plant belongs to the family Piperaceae. The leaves of this plant have been well known for their therapeutic, religious and ceremonial value in South and Southeast Asia. It has also been reported to possess several biological activities including antimicrobial, antioxidant, antinociceptive, antidiabetic, insecticidal and gastroprotective activities and used as a common ingredient in indigenous medicines. In Indian system of ayurvedic medicine, P...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Biniam Paulos, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Daniel Bisrat, Kaleab Asres
BACKGROUND: Health seeking behavior of people around the globe is affected by different socio-cultural and economic factors. In Ethiopia, people living in rural areas in particular, are noted for their use of medicinal plants as a major component of their health care option. This study was conducted to document ethnopharmacological information of the Hamer semi-pastoralists ethnic group in southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out whereby information on demographic characteristics, prevalence of perceived illnesses, factors associated with preference of health care seeking options, medicinal plants used and hoarded as well as some healers' socio-economic characteristics were collected using two sets of semi-structured questionnaires - one for household (HH) heads and the other for traditional healers supplemented by focus group discussions (FGDs)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Dan-Dan Feng, Tao Tang, Xiang-Ping Lin, Zhao-Yu Yang, Shu Yang, Zi-An Xia, Yun Wang, Piao Zheng, Yang Wang, Chun-Hu Zhang
Depression is a major mental disorder, and is currently recognized as the second-leading cause of disability worldwide. However, the therapeutic effect of antidepressants remains unsatisfactory. For centuries, Chinese herbal formulas (CHFs) have been widely used in the treatment of depression, achieving better therapeutic effects than placebo and having fewer side effects than conventional antidepressants. Here, we review the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and pharmacology studies of nine common CHFs: "banxia houpo" decoction, "chaihu shugansan", "ganmaidazao" decoction, "kaixinsan", "shuganjieyu" capsules, "sinisan", "wuling" capsules, "xiaoyaosan", and "yueju"...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Luis E Ferreira, Bruno I Benincasa, Ana L Fachin, Suzelei C França, Silvia S H T Contini, Ana C S Chagas, Rene O Beleboni
Haemonchus contortus is an important gastrointestinal parasite on sheep farms in tropical regions. The resistance of the parasite against most anthelmintic drugs represents a great economic problem to sheep farming and is a major challenge that needs to be overcome. The searches for new anthelmintic agents that act on different stages of the parasite's life cycle are necessary for the development of new therapeutic options. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic activity of Thymus vulgaris essential oil against H...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Chabaco Armijos, Gianluca Gilardoni, Luis Amay, Antonio Lozano, Francesco Bracco, Jorge Ramirez, Nicole Bec, Christian Larroque, Paola Vita Finzi, Giovanni Vidari
ETHNOBOTANICAL AND ETHNOMEDICINAL RELEVANCE: This study concerns seven Huperzia species (Lycopodiaceae), namely H. brevifolia, H. columnaris, H. compacta, H. crassa, H. espinosana, H. tetragona, H. weberbaueri, which are considered sacred plants by the Saraguro community, living in the Southern Andes of Ecuador; these plants are widely used in traditional medicine and ritual ceremonies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The plants were selected on the basis of written interviews with 10 visionary healers (yachak) (2 women, 8 men), indicated as the most credible by the Saraguro Healers Council...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mouna Chakroun, Bassem Khemakhem, Hazem Ben Mabrouk, Hanen El Abed, Mohamed Makni, Mohamed Bouaziz, Noureddine Drira, Naziha Marrakchi, Hafedh Mejdoub
Among various chronic disorders, cancer and diabetes mellitus are the most common disorders. This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of hydroalcoholic extract of Phoenix dactylifera L. leaves (HEPdL) in animal models of type II diabetes in vitro/in vivo and in a human melanoma-derived cell line (IGR-39). A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis was also performed to determine the amount of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in this plant. The physicochemical results by LC-MS/MS analysis of HEPdL showed the presence of 10 phenolic compounds...
September 23, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sensen Chi, Gaimei She, Dan Han, Weihua Wang, Zhao Liu, Bin Liu
The genus Tinospora includes 34 species, in which several herbs were used as traditional medicines by indigenous groups throughout the tropical and subtropical parts of Asia, Africa, and Australia. The extensive literature survey revealed Tinospora species to be a group of important medicinal plants used for the ethnomedical treatment of colds, headaches, pharyngitis, fever, diarrhea, oral ulcer, diabetes, digestive disorder, and rheumatoid arthritis. Indian ethnopharmacological data points to the therapeutic potential of the T...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Pulok K Mukherjee, Amit Kar, Debayan Goswami, Joydeb Chanda, R Logesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Thuy Lan Nguyen, Anders Rusten, Mona Skogsrud Bugge, Karl Egil Malterud, Drissa Diallo, Berit Smestad Paulsen, Helle Wangensteen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Syzygium guineense has been traditionally used in Mali in West Africa for the treatment of different diseases such as stomach problems, wounds, inflammations and various female disorders. AIMS OF THE STUDY: (1) To perform an ethnopharmacological survey on the traditional use of S. guineense among Malian healers. (2) To isolate and identify chemical constituents from S. guineense leaves and to study their radical scavenging and enzyme inhibitory effects...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Muhammad Jahangir Hossen, Mi-Yeon Kim, Jae Youl Cho
Xanthium strumarium L. (Asteraceae), a traditional Chinese medicine, is prescribed to treat arthritis, bronchitis, and rhinitis. Although the plant has been used for many years, the mechanism by which it ameliorates various inflammatory diseases is not yet fully understood. To explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of methanol extracts of X. strumarium (Xs-ME) and its therapeutic potential, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine macrophage-like RAW264.7 cells and human monocyte-like U937 cells as well as a LPS/D-galactosamine (GalN)-induced acute hepatitis mouse model...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Anthony Booker, Lixiang Zhai, Christina Gkouva, Shuyuan Li, Michael Heinrich
The fast developing international trade of products based on traditional knowledge and their value chains has become an important aspect of the ethnopharmacological debate. The structure and diversity of value chains and their impact on the phytochemical composition of herbal medicinal products, as well as the underlying government policies and regulations, have been overlooked in the debate about quality problems in transnational trade. Rhodiola species, including Rhodiola rosea L. and Rhodiola crenulata (Hook...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Angela Paterna, Sofia E Gomes, Pedro M Borralho, Silva Mulhovo, Cecília M P Rodrigues, Maria-José U Ferreira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf. (Apocynaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used in African countries to treat cancer. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To discover new apoptosis inducing lead compounds from T. elegans and provide scientific validation of the ethnopharmacological use of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through fractionation, (3'R)-hydroxytaberanelegantine C (1), a vobasinyl-iboga bisindole alkaloid, was isolated from a cytotoxic alkaloid fraction of the methanol extract of T...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Nícolas de Castro Campos Pinto, Puebla Cassini-Vieira, Elaine Maria de Souza-Fagundes, Lucíola Silva Barcelos, Maria Christina Marques Nogueira Castañon, Elita Scio
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The leaves of Pereskia aculeata Miller (Cactaceae), known as Barbados gooseberry, are used as emollients and to treat skin wounds and inflammatory process in Brazilian traditional medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the topical wound healing activity of gels containing the methanol extract (ME) and hexane fraction (HF) of the leaves of this plant in a model of excisional wound healing in mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mice were anesthetized and excisional skin wounds were performed using a circular metal punch of 5 mm diameter...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Farid Niknam, Amir Azadi, Alireza Barzegar, Nader Tanideh, Pouya Faridi, Mohammad M Zarshenas
INTRODUCTION: Persian or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) -From the family Elaeagnaceae- is a nitrogen-fixing thorny shrub with extensively applied for pain alleviation, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal upset, fever and asthma in traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: The current review has attempted to draw together a concise overview over phytochemistry and pharmacologic properties of this plant via published data. METHODOLOGY: Accordingly, published English literatures on "Elaeagnus angustifolia" were gathered from popular databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Science direct up to March, 2016...
September 5, 2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
Gisela C Muscia, Silvia E Asis, Graciela Y Buldain
BACKGROUND: Many 2-substituted quinolines and especially 2-arylvinyl derivatives isolated from plants or prepared by synthesis have been designed from ethnopharmacological studies. OBJECTIVE: In order to explore new aspects of the structure-antituberculosis activity relationship, a series of styrylquinoline derivatives was prepared Method: A series of styrylquinoline derivatives was prepared from quinaldic acid and a variety of arylbenzaldehydes under eco-friendly conditions via Knoevenagel reaction and trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) as catalyst...
September 1, 2016: Medicinal Chemistry
Deeksha Singh, Uttam Singh Baghel, Anshoo Gautam, Dheeraj Singh Baghel, Divya Yadav, Jai Malik, Rakesh Yadav
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Anogeissus (axlewood tree, ghatti tree, button tree and chewing stick tree) belongs to Combretaceae, includes eight species that are distributed in Asia and Africa. Plants are used as an ethnomedicine in Asia and Africa to treat various ailments like diabetes, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, tuberculosis, wound healing, skin diseases (eczema, psoriasis), snake and scorpion venom. Based on the traditional knowledge, different phytochemical and pharmacological activities have been at the focus of research...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mahboobeh Ghasemzadeh Rahbardar, Bahareh Amin, Soghra Mehri, Seyed Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to traditional medicine, rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) has been used in many ailments such as dysmenorrhea, rheumatic pain and stomachache. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work was carried out to evaluate putative anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of Rosmarinus officinalis alcoholic extract and some spinal cord molecular changes on a neuropathic pain model in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral neuropathy was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"