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Ethnopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324311/corilagin-a-promising-medicinal-herbal-agent
#2
REVIEW
Xuan Li, Yuan Deng, Zhizhong Zheng, Wen Huang, Lianghua Chen, Qingxuan Tong, Yanlin Ming
Corilagin, a gallotannin, is one of the major active components of many ethnopharmacological plants. It was isolated from Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. (dividivi) by Schmidt in 1951 for the first time. In the past few decades, corilagin was reported to exhibit anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities, etc. However, little attention was paid to its pharmacological properties due to the complicated and inefficient extract method. In recent years, with the development of extraction technology corilagin was much easier to obtain than before...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319752/effectiveness-of-aqueous-and-hydroalcoholic-extracts-of-acanthospermum-australe-loefl-kuntze-against-diarrhea-inducing-bacteria
#3
R Mallmann, E M Ethur, P Bianchetti, D Faleiro, L Hoehne, M I Goettert
Leaves and roots of Acanthospermum australe (Asteraceae) have been used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of various ailments including diarrhea, skin diseases, blennorrhagia, dyspepsia, parasitic worms and malaria. The aim of study was to characterize the chemical profiles of the aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of leaves and roots of A. australe, and to evaluate their antimicrobial activities against diarrhea-inducing bacteria (Enterococcus faecalis, Shigella dysenteriae and Yersinia enterocolitica), as well as their cytotoxic properties...
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309862/escalation-of-liver-malfunctioning-a-step-toward-herbal-awareness
#4
REVIEW
Bushra Sultana, Sadaf Yaqoob, Zohaib Zafar, Haq Nawaz Bhatti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: About 2 to 5 % of the world's population is suffering from liver toxicity including Pakistan with the second highest rate of hepatitis prevalence. Liver is a vital body organ which not only performs metabolic activities but also aids in detoxification, storage and digestion of food. Now a day's malnutrition, alcohol consumption and drug addiction are major causes of liver diseases throughout the world. In fact, there is no possible outcome to compensate liver malfunction for long term, and transplantation of liver is the only option left after the irretrievable injury of hepatic function...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298518/botany-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicity-of-strychnos-nux-vomica-l-a-review
#5
Rixin Guo, Ting Wang, Guohong Zhou, Mengying Xu, Xiankuo Yu, Xiao Zhang, Feng Sui, Chun Li, Liying Tang, Zhuju Wang
Strychnos nux-vomica L. belongs to the genus Strychnos of the family Loganiaceae and grows in Sri Lanka, India and Australia. The traditional medicinal component is its seed, called Nux vomica. This study provides a relevant and comprehensive review of S. nux-vomica L., including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology, thus providing a foundation for future studies. Up to the present day, over 84 compounds, including alkaloids, iridoid glycosides, flavonoid glycosides, triterpenoids, steroids and organic acids, among others, have been isolated and identified from S...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296564/pharmacological-ethnopharmacological-and-botanical-evaluation-of-subtropical-medicinal-plants-of-lower-kheng-region-in-bhutan
#6
Phurpa Wangchuk, Karma Yeshi, Kinga Jamphel
Background: The Bhutanese Sowa Rigpa medicine (BSM) uses medicinal plants as the bulk ingredients. Our study was to botanically identify subtropical medicinal plants from the Lower Kheng region in Bhutan, transcribe ethnopharmacological uses, and highlight reported pharmacological activities of each plant. Methods: We freely listed the medicinal plants used in the BSM literature, current formulations, and the medicinal plants inventory documents. This was followed by a survey and the identification of medicinal plants in the Lower Kheng region...
December 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289797/survey-on-medicinal-plants-traditionally-used-in-senegal-for-the-treatment-of-tuberculosis-tb-and-assessment-of-their-antimycobacterial-activity
#7
ElHadji Assane Diop, Emerson Ferreira Queiroz, Sébastien Kicka, Serge Rudaz, Tahir Diop, Thierry Soldati, Jean-Luc Wolfender
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In West Africa, populations are used to taking traditional medicine as a first aid against common health problems. In this aspect, many plants are claimed to be effective in the treatment of Tuberculosis (TB), which according to the World Health Organization (WHO) remains one of the world's deadliest communicable diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: The main aim of this study was to identify plants used to treat TB-symptoms by the population of Senegal and to evaluate their possible concomitant use with clinically approved TB-drugs...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288826/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-genus-adiantum-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Subha Rastogi, Madan Mohan Pandey, Ajay Kumar Singh Rawat
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Genus Adiantum (Pteridaceae) forms a significant dominant component of many plant communities especially in the tropical and temperate regions. These are commonly known as maidenhair ferns and several have been used medicinally in different parts of the world. They exhibit antidysenteric, antiulcer, antimicrobial, antitumor and antiviral activities. The traditional uses of Adiantum species are known to be for respiratory problems such as cough cold, fever, pneumonia and mucous formation...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287701/anxiolytic-effect-of-an-extract-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-roots-in-rats
#9
Carla Lobina, Giancarlo Colombo, Gian Luigi Gessa, Mauro A M Carai, Pietro Allegrini, Paolo Morazzoni, Antonella Riva
BACKGROUND: Preparations from roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza, a herb widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, have been reported to induce a series of central effects, including sedation. In the wake of this ethnopharmacological information, the present study was designed to assess the anxiolytic potential of an extract of S.miltiorrhiza roots. METHODS: To this end, rats were acutely treated with S.miltiorrhiza extract (0, 50, and 100 mg/kg; i.g.) and exposed to the Elevated Plus Maze (EPM) test...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259642/ethnopharmacological-evaluation-of-breu-essential-oils-from-protium-species-administered-by-inhalation
#10
Eduardo Rodrigues da Silva, Danilo Ribeiro de Oliveira, Patrícia Dias Fernandes, Humberto Ribeiro Bizzo, Suzana Guimarães Leitão
Background: Breu is an aromatic oleoresin which has been used by Amazonian traditional communities as a remedy for headaches and migraines by burning and inhaling the smoke produced during its combustion. This study evaluated the antinociceptive and sedative activities of formulations containing breu essential oils administered by inhalation. Methods: Five different formulations (A-E) containing breu essential oils were evaluated for their sedative and antinociceptive activities in mice...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246502/the-genus-polygonatum-a-review-on-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#11
REVIEW
Ping Zhao, Chengcheng Zhao, Xia Li, Qingzhi Gao, Luqi Huang, Peigen Xiao, Wenyuan Gao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Polygonatum (Asparagaceae) comprises 71 species distributed throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The medicinal plants of Polygonatum have been traditionally used as tonics in Chinese, India, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, etc., and have been demonstrated in clinical practice to be highly effective in the treatment of age-related diseases, diabetes, lung diseases, fatigue, feebleness, indigestion, etc. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide systematical information on ethnopharmacology, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and toxicity of Polygonatum plants in order to explore potential medicinal resources or candidate compounds for future research...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243333/psoralea-corylifolia-l-ethnobotanical-biological-and-chemical-aspects-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Fiaz Alam, Gul Nawaz Khan, Muhammad Hassham Hassan Bin Asad
Psoralea corylifolia L. (Leguminosae) is a well-known traditional medicinal plant used from ancient times for treatment of various ailments. It is widely distributed and an important part of therapeutics in Ayurveda and in Chinese medicines. The aim of this review is to present comprehensive and most up to date report on its ethnobotanical, ethnopharmacological, clinical, phytochemical, and side effects. Studies on the ethnobotanical, ethnopharmacological, clinical, phytochemical, and side effects of P. corylifolia were published until year 2017 and were searched using various scientific databases...
December 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234365/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-croton-macrostachyus-hochst-ex-delile-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Croton macrostachyus is widely used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of tropical Africa. The potential of C. macrostachyus as herbal medicine, the phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of its parts used as herbal medicines are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that C. macrostachyus is traditionally used to treat or manage at least 81 human and animal diseases and ailments. The species is used as herbal medicine for diseases and ailments such as abdominal pains, cancer, gastrointestinal disorders, malaria, pneumonia, sexually transmitted infections, skin infections, typhoid, and wounds and as ethnoveterinary medicine...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225118/cardioprotective-effect-of-asphodelus-tenuifolius-cav-on-blood-pressure-and-metabolic-alterations-in-glucose-induced-metabolic-syndrome-rats-an-ethnopharmacological-approach
#14
Waqas Younis, Alamgeer, V B Schini-Kerth, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior, Muhammad Majid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207467/review-of-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-euclea-natalensis-a-dc
#15
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea natalensis is traditionally used as herbal medicine for several human diseases and ailments in tropical Africa. This study reviews information on ethnomedicinal uses, botany, phytochemical constituents, pharmacology and toxicity of E. natalensis. Results of this study are based on literature search from several sources including electronic databases, books, book chapters, websites, theses and conference proceedings. This study showed that E. natalensis is used as traditional medicine in 57.1% of the countries where it is indigenous...
December 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203097/euclea-undulata-thunb-review-of-its-botany-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-biological-activities
#16
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea undulata (E. undulata) is traditionally used for the treatment of body pains, chest complaints, cough, diabetes, diarrhoea, headaches, heart diseases and toothaches in southern Africa. This study was aimed at reviewing the botany, ethnopharmacology and biological activities of E. undulata in southern Africa. Results presented in this study are based on review of literature using search engines such as Science Direct, Springerlink, Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, BioMed Central and Google Scholar. Herbal medicine is prepared from the decoctions of the roots, bark and leaves, and extracts of these plant parts have demonstrated anticholinesterase, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antimycobacterial, antiplasmodial, antioxidant and hypoglycaemic activities...
November 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200727/antioxidant-acetylcholinesterase-butyrylcholinesterase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-activities-of-corchorus-depressus
#17
Samina Afzal, Bashir Ahmad Chaudhry, Ashfaq Ahmad, Muhammad Uzair, Khurram Afzal
Background: Corchorus depressus (Cd) commonly known as Boa-phalee belonging to the family Tiliaceae having 50 genera and 450 species. Cd is not among the studied medicinal agent despite its potential in ethnopharmacology. Objectives: The present study investigated antioxidant, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of Cd. The dichloromethane and methanolic extracts of the Cd were evaluated for biological activities such as antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory activities of AChE, BChE, and α-glucosidase...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196134/a-review-of-the-traditional-and-modern-uses-of-salvadora-persica-l-miswak-toothbrush-tree-of-prophet-muhammad
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad Zakariyyah Aumeeruddy, Gokhan Zengin, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) and Peelu (in Urdu), is the most common traditional source of tooth or chewing stick (miswak) highly recommended by Prophet Muhammad. To date, extensive studies have probed primarily into the validation of its traditional uses in oral care. Nonetheless, there is still a dearth of updated compilation and critical analysis of other potential ethnopharmacological properties of S. persica. This review therefore aims to provide an up-to-date detailed structured description of the traditional uses of S...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192771/phenolic-substances-from-ocimum-species-enhance-glucose-stimulated-insulin-secretion-and-modulate-the-expression-of-key-insulin-regulatory-genes-in-mice-pancreatic-islets
#19
Livia Marques Casanova, Wenqian Gu, Sônia Soares Costa, Per Bendix Jeppesen
Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum are plants ethnopharmacologically used to treat diabetes mellitus, a life-threatening disease that affects millions of people worldwide. In order to further understand their antidiabetic potential, which has been previously demonstrated in animal models, we aimed to investigate the acute and chronic effects of major phenolic substances from both plants on insulin secretion and gene expression in pancreatic islets isolated from NMRI mice. Insulin secretion was measured after acute (1 h) and long-term (72 h) incubation of islets with one of four cinnamic acid derivatives (caftaric, caffeic, chicoric, and rosmarinic acids) or a C-glucosylated flavonoid (vicenin-2)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191238/ethnopharmacological-studies-of-indigenous-plants-in-kel-village-neelum-valley-azad-kashmir-pakistan
#20
Khawaja Shafique Ahmad, Abdul Hamid, Fahim Nawaz, Mansoor Hameed, Farooq Ahmad, Jiabin Deng, Noreen Akhtar, Ambreen Wazarat, Sehrish Mahroof
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was undertaken for the first time in Kel village located in the Upper Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The purpose was to document the indigenous knowledge of the native people used in the preparation of herbal medicines. METHODS: To get the data on traditional uses of medicinal plants, 20 informants were interviewed. Quantitative ethnobotanical indices, i.e., use value (UV), relative frequencies of citation (RFC), informant consensus factor (Fic), fidelity level (FL), data matrix ranking (DMR), preference ranking (PR), and jaccard index (JI), were calculated for the recorded medicinal plants...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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