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Ethnopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930224/aromatic-medicinal-plants-of-the-lamiaceae-family-from-uzbekistan-ethnopharmacology-essential-oils-composition-and-biological-activities
#1
REVIEW
Nilufar Z Mamadalieva, Davlat Kh Akramov, Elisa Ovidi, Antonio Tiezzi, Lutfun Nahar, Shahnoz S Azimova, Satyajit D Sarker
Plants of the Lamiaceae family are important ornamental, medicinal, and aromatic plants, many of which produce essential oils that are used in traditional and modern medicine, and in the food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industry. Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora are widespread throughout the world, are the most popular plants in Uzbek traditional remedies, and are often used for the treatment of wounds, gastritis, infections, dermatitis, bronchitis, and inflammation...
February 10, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925906/buxus-sempervirens-l-improves-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitus-in-rats
#2
Mohamed Eddouks, Mohammed Ajebli
BACKGROUND: Buxus sempervirens L. (Boxwood) is a medicinal plant used in Moroccan traditional medicine for diabetes treatment in Morocco. However; there is no experimental support of this ethnopharmacological use. METHODS: The present investigation aimed to study the antidiabetic and the preliminary phytochemical of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Buxus sempervirens (AELBS). AELBS (5 mg/kg) was administered by gavage to normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and blood glucose levels were measured for 6 hours (acute study) and 15 days (chronic study)...
September 18, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904556/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-local-tissue-damage-induced-by-snake-venoms-an-overview-from-traditional-use-to-pharmacological-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Juliana Félix-Silva, Arnóbio Antônio Silva-Junior, Silvana Maria Zucolotto, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa
Snakebites are a serious problem in public health due to their high morbimortality. Most of snake venoms produce intense local tissue damage, which could lead to temporary or permanent disability in victims. The available specific treatment is the antivenom serum therapy, whose effectiveness is reduced against these effects. Thus, the search for complementary alternatives for snakebite treatment is relevant. There are several reports of the popular use of medicinal plants against snakebites worldwide. In recent years, many studies have been published giving pharmacological evidence of benefits of several vegetal species against local effects induced by a broad range of snake venoms, including inhibitory potential against hyaluronidase, phospholipase, proteolytic, hemorrhagic, myotoxic, and edematogenic activities...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894631/ethnopharmacological-survey-on-traditional-medicinal-plants-at-kalaroa-upazila-satkhira-district-khulna-division-bangladesh
#4
Oby Dulla, Farhana Israt Jahan
AIM: The traditional source of medicinal plants is an important way for daily curative uses in the rural area throughout Bangladesh. An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted in a randomized manner among traditional medicinal practitioners to find out about the medicinal plants of Kalaroa, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information was collected through conducting interviews, discussion, and field observations with herbal healers and knowledgeable elders of the study areas from November 01, 2015, to December 31, 2015, who pointed out various medicinal plants and described their uses, using semi-structured questionnaires...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894630/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-galactogenic-plants-of-the-berhoum-district-m-sila-algeria
#5
Sarri Madani, Boudjelal Amel, Hendel Noui, Sarri Djamel, Hamdaoui Hadjer
BACKGROUND/AIM: This work aimed an ethnobatanical study on the galactogenic plants used in the Berhoum region (East of M'sila, Algeria) as a part of different studies on the medicinal plants related to M'sila region. METHODS: The fieldwork was undertaken as an ethnobotanical survey involving 76 informants (mean age: 50; 64% women, 36% men). Used the medicinal plants were identified, and the results were analyzed according to literature investigation dealing with ethnobotany...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894623/ethnopharmacological-values-of-cassava-and-its-potential-for-diabetes-and-dyslipidemia-management-knowledge-survey-and-critical-review-of-report
#6
Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, Richard J Culas
BACKGROUND: Beyond nutritional values are the pharmacological potentials of cassava comparative with other staple carbohydrate plant-based foods such as wheat. The knowledge of applicability to diabetes and its cardiovascular complications management seems not just limited but unacknowledged. As a preliminary study, a community's knowledge of pharmacological value of cassava is investigated. METHODS: Descriptive observational study using questionnaire-based "cross-sectional" survey was conducted...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887215/antiprotozoal-activity-of-medicinal-plants-used-by-iquitos-nauta-road-communities-in-loreto-peru
#7
Pedro Vásquez-Ocmín, Sandrine Cojean, Elsa Rengifo, Soulaf Suyyagh-Albouz, Carlos A Amasifuen Guerra, Sébastien Pomel, Billy Cabanillas, Kember Mejía, Philippe M Loiseau, Bruno Figadère, Alexandre Maciuk
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the Peruvian Amazon, the use of medicinal plants is a common practice. However, there is few documented information about the practical aspects of their use and few scientific validation. The starting point for this work was a set of interviews of people living in rural communities from the Peruvian Amazon about their uses of plants. Protozoan diseases are a public health issue in the Amazonian communities, who partly cope with it by using traditional remedies...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885590/ethnopharmacology-and-therapeutic-value-of-bridelia-micrantha-hochst-baill-in-tropical-africa-a-comprehensive-review
#8
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Bridelia micrantha is traditionally used in tropical Africa to treat a wide range of human and animal diseases. The aim of this study was to summarise the research that has been done on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of B. micrantha so as to understand its importance and potential value in primary healthcare systems. The literature search for information on ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of B. micrantha was undertaken using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central (BMC), PubMed and Springerlink...
September 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867857/ethnopharmacological-based-evaluation-of-anogeissus-pendula-edgew-extracts-for-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-potential
#9
Deeksha Singh, Uttam Singh Baghel, Manmeet Singh Pannu, Rakesh Yadav
BACKGROUND: Anogeissus pendula has various reported ethnomedicinal uses and is reported to contain phenolic compounds which have antioxidant potential. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant potential and in vivo hepatoprotective activity along with the oxidative stress parameters of stem bark and leaves of Anogeissus pendula for the first time. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Albino rats were divided into seven groups of six animals each...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860989/ethnopharmacological-approaches-for-therapy-of-jaundice-part-i
#10
REVIEW
Devesh Tewari, Andrei Mocan, Emil D Parvanov, Archana N Sah, Seyed M Nabavi, Lukasz Huminiecki, Zheng Feei Ma, Yeong Yeh Lee, Jarosław O Horbańczuk, Atanas G Atanasov
Jaundice is a very common symptom especially in the developing countries. It is associated with several hepatic diseases which are still major causes of death. There are many different approaches to jaundice treatment and the growing number of ethnomedicinal studies shows the plant pharmacology as very promising direction. Many medicinal plants are used for the treatment of jaundice, however a comprehensive review on this subject has not been published. The use of medicinal plants in drug discovery is highly emphasized (based on their traditional and safe uses in different folk medicine systems from ancient times)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859934/acacia-nilotica-leaf-improves-insulin-resistance-and-hyperglycemia-associated-acute-hepatic-injury-and-nephrotoxicity-by-improving-systemic-antioxidant-status-in-diabetic-mice
#11
Manas Ranjan Saha, Priyankar Dey, Indrani Sarkar, Dilip De Sarker, Biswajit Haldar, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, Arnab Sen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile is used as a traditional anti-diabetic remedy in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, Nigeria and is mentioned in Ayurveda as well. AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the ethnomedicinal claim of A. nilotica leaf (ANL) extract for its efficiency in ameliorating diabetic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ANL was orally administrated (50 and 200mg/kg) to alloxanized mice (blood glucose > 200mg/dL) for 20d...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852566/erratum-patenting-nature-or-protecting-culture-ethnopharmacology-and-indigenous-intellectual-property-rights
#12
Ian Vincent McGonigle
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/jlb/lsw003.].
April 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845763/ethnopharmacological-investigations-of-phytochemical-constituents-isolated-from-the-genus-cuscuta
#13
REVIEW
Muhammad Ibrahim, Kanwal Rehman, Iqbal Hussain, Tahir Farooq, Bisharat Ali, Irum Majeed, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The genus Cuscuta, of the family Cuscutaceae, is present in plants and has been traditionally used medicinally against many diseases and conditions, notably depression, mental illness, headache, spleen disease, jaundice, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Large numbers of phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, lignins, oxygen heterocyclic compounds, steroids, fatty acids, phenolic acids, resin glycosides, and polysaccharides have been isolated from different species of Cuscuta. Ethnopharmacological studies conducted on such constituents have also been shown Cuscuta to possess anticancer, antiviral, antispasmodic, antihypertensive, anticonvulsant, antibacterial, antioxidant, diuretic, and hair-growth activity...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838654/physalis-alkekengi-l-var-franchetii-mast-makino-an-ethnomedical-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-review
#14
REVIEW
Ai-Ling Li, Bang-Jiao Chen, Guo-Hui Li, Ming-Xing Zhou, Yan-Ru Li, Dong-Mei Ren, Hong-Xiang Lou, Xiao-Ning Wang, Tao Shen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The calyxes and fruits of Physalis alkekengi L. var. franchetii (Mast.) Makino (Physalis Calyx seu Fructus), have been widely used in traditional and indigenous Chinese medicines for the therapy of cough, excessive phlegm, pharyngitis, sore throat, dysuria, pemphigus, eczema, and jaundice with a long history. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present review aims to achieve a comprehensive and up-to-date investigation in ethnomedical uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicity of P...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834697/recommended-standards-for-conducting-and-reporting-ethnopharmacological-field-studies
#15
Caroline S Weckerle, Hugo J de Boer, Rajindra K Puri, Tinde van Andel, Rainer W Bussmann, Marco Leonti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: What are the minimum methodological and conceptual requirements for an ethnopharmacological field study? How can the results of ethnopharmacological field studies be reported so that researchers with different backgrounds can draw on the results and develop new research questions and projects? And how should these field data be presented to get accepted in a scientific journal such as the Journal of Ethnopharmacology? The objective of this commentary is to create a reference that covers the basic standards necessary during planning, conducting and reporting of field research...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825571/evaluation-of-cytotoxic-and-antitumoral-properties-of-tessaria-absinthioides-hook-arn-dc-p%C3%A3-jaro-bobo-aqueous-extract
#16
Fabio A Persia, Estefanía Rinaldini, Adriana Carrión, María Belén Hapon, Carlos Gamarra-Luques
Higher plants have provided various natural derived drugs used currently in western medicine. Tessaria absinthioides (Hook. & Arn.) DC, Asteraceae, is a native plant from South-America with reported ethnopharmacological and culinary uses. Despite recent scientific reports about plants properties, there is not a well conducted research about its anticancer and potential toxic effects. The current work demonstrates the plant aqueous extract composition; the in vitro induced cytotoxicity, and explores, in vivo, its oral toxicity and antitumoral effects...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818646/best-practice-in-research-consensus-statement-on-ethnopharmacological-field-studies-consefs
#17
REVIEW
Michael Heinrich, Andreas Lardos, Marco Leonti, Caroline Weckerle, Merlin Willcox
BACKGROUND: Ethnopharmacological research aims at gathering information on local and traditional uses of plants and other natural substances. However, the approaches used and the methods employed vary, and while such a variability is desirable in terms of scientific diversity, research must adhere to well defined quality standards and reproducible methods OBJECTIVES: With ConSEFS (the Consensus Statement on Ethnopharmacological Field Studies) we want to define best-practice in developing, conducting and reporting field studies focusing on local and traditional uses of medicinal and food plants, including studies using a historical approach...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808379/screening-of-fruits-of-seven-plants-indicated-for-medicinal-use-in-iraq
#18
Omar Aldulaimi
INTRODUCTION: Coumarins exert many biological effects in humans, animals, and plants, which make the evaluation of their biological activities and study of their role in ethnomedicine highly valued. OBJECTIVES: Here, we selected seven plants which have ethnopharmacological use as antimicrobial in Iraq and the aims were to quantify the two structural isomers bergapten and methoxsalen in their seeds, to evaluate the antibacterial activities against several clinical isolates, and to isolate bergapten and methoxsalen from Ammi majus...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807163/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Melanie-Jayne R Howes, Rui Fang, Peter J Houghton
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is reaching epidemic proportions yet treatment strategies are limited and are restricted to providing symptomatic relief for the cognitive and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been a valuable source of medicines for centuries and research has burgeoned in recent years to understand the scientific basis for their use. Some plants have been used in CHM for AD symptoms (e.g., Polygala tenuifolia), while others are CHMs for different conditions, but they show mechanistic effects relevant to AD (e...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798803/preparation-of-a-nanoemulsion-with-carapa-guianensis-aublet-meliaceae-oil-by-a-low-energy-solvent-free-method-and-evaluation-of-its-preliminary-residual-larvicidal-activity
#20
Flávia L M Jesus, Fernanda B de Almeida, Jonatas L Duarte, Anna E M F M Oliveira, Rodrigo A S Cruz, Raimundo N P Souto, Ricardo M A Ferreira, Regina Gendzelevski Kelmann, José C T Carvalho, Ana C Lira-Guedes, Marcelino Guedes, Conxita Solans, Caio P Fernandes
Andiroba (Carapa guianensis) seeds are the source of an oil with a wide range of biological activities and ethnopharmacological uses. However, few studies have devoted attention to innovative formulations, including nanoemulsions. The present study aimed to obtain a colloidal system with the andiroba oil using a low-energy and organic-solvent-free method. Moreover, the preliminary residual larvicidal activity of the nanoemulsion against Aedes aegypti was evaluated. Oleic and palmitic acids were the major fatty acids, in addition to the phytosterol β-sitosterol and limonoids (tetranortriterpenoids)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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