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Health promoting stairs

Cally A Jennings, Lira Yun, Christina C Loitz, Eun-Young Lee, W Kerry Mummery
CONTEXT: Stair climbing is an accessible activity that can be incorporated into one's daily lifestyle to increase physical activity levels and provide health benefits. This review summarizes the effectiveness of stair interventions and explores key differences that may influence intervention effectiveness. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Interventions to increase stair use published from January 1990 to July 2015 were identified in PubMed, Sport Discus, Web of Science, Environment Complete, CINAHL, Trial Register of Promoting Health Interventions, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Susan L Whitney, Ahmad Alghadir, Alia Alghwiri, Kefah M Alshebber, Mohammed Alshehri, Joseph M Furman, Martin Mueller, Eva Grill
UNLABELLED: People with vestibular disorders report changes in symptoms based on their environment with many situations increasing their symptoms. The purpose of this paper was to utilize the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) from the World Health Organization (WHO) to describe common environmental triggers for dizziness in persons living with balance and vestibular disorders. A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted with four different centres on three different continents, including patients from the United States (Pittsburgh), Germany (Munich), Jordan (Amman) and Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Nienke M de Vries, J Bart Staal, Philip J van der Wees, Eddy M M Adang, Reinier Akkermans, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known health benefits of physical activity, it is a great challenge to stay physically active for frail-older adults with mobility limitations. The aim of this study was to test the (cost-) effectiveness of a patient-centred physical therapy strategy (Coach2Move) in which individualized treatment (motivational interviewing, physical examination, individualized goal setting, coaching and advice on self management, and physical training) is combined to increase physical activity level and physical fitness and, thereby, to decrease the level of frailty...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
S Rask, P Sainio, A E Castaneda, T Härkänen, S Stenholm, P Koponen, S Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Many ethnic minority populations have poorer health than the general population. However, there is limited knowledge on the possible ethnic gap in physical mobility. We aim to examine the prevalence of mobility limitations in working-age Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants in comparison to the general population in Finland. We also determine whether the association between ethnic group and mobility limitation remains after taking into account socio-economic and health-related factors...
2016: BMC Public Health
Wen-Sheng Shen, Xiao-Qi Xu, Nan-Nan Zhai, Zhi-Shui Zhou, Jin Shao, Ya-Hong Yu
To investigate the efficacy of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC) in relieving refractory pain of knee osteoarthritis (OA), we selected 54 patients with chronic knee OA pain, 27 treated with RFTC (case group) and 27 receiving regular treatments (control group). Response evaluations were conducted before treatment, and at the termination of treatment, and 3-month follow-up, applying the visual analog scale, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and American Knee Society Score (AKSS)...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Takashi Shimazaki, Misa Iio, YingHua Lee, Kayo Konuma, Koji Takenaka
Previous research has shown that physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility (i.e. a focus on small lifestyle changes) contributes to the adoption of and long-term success in behavior change intervention. The present study aims to explore the physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility in which people already engage in their everyday life in Japan. Sixty-four participants (22 males and 42 females ranging in age from 36 to 89) participated in a qualitative research survey that asked what type of physical activity they engaged in on a daily basis to maintain good health...
December 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Deborah J Bowen, Katherine J Briant, Jeffrey Harris, Peggy Hannon, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Changing health behaviors and health-related environments is important in reducing chronic disease. Minority workplaces are potential venues to provide regular, effective health promotion opportunities to underserved individuals. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of changing workplace policy, programs, and practices in minority-owned workplaces. METHODS: Four minority Native American-owned businesses were recruited to participate in this study...
December 2015: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Dianne Acm Commissaris, Maaike A Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Divya Srinivasan, Lando Lj Koppes, Ingrid Jm Hendriksen
OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the effectiveness of workplace interventions that are implemented during productive work and are intended to change workers` SB and/or PA. METHODS: We searched Scopus for articles published from 1992 until 12 March 2015. Relevant studies were evaluated using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies and summarized in a best-evidence synthesis. Primary outcomes were SB and PA, both at work and overall (ie, during the whole day); work performance and health-related parameters were secondary outcomes...
May 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
D Kendrick, K Zou, J Ablewhite, M Watson, C Coupland, B Kay, A Hawkins, R Reading
AIM: To investigate risk and protective factors for stair falls in children aged <5 years. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study at hospitals, minor injury units and general practices in and around four UK study centres. Cases were children with medically attended stair fall injuries. Controls were matched on age, sex, calendar time and study centre. A total of 610 cases and 2658 controls participated. RESULTS: Cases' most common injuries were bangs on the head (66%), cuts/grazes not requiring stitches (14%) and fractures (12%)...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Shadia Rask, Anu E Castaneda, Päivikki Koponen, Päivi Sainio, Sari Stenholm, Jaana Suvisaari, Teppo Juntunen, Tapio Halla, Tommi Härkänen, Seppo Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a bidirectional relationship between physical function and depression, but studies on their association in migrant populations are scarce. We examined the association between mental health symptoms and mobility limitation in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu). The participants comprised 1357 persons of Russian, Somali or Kurdish origin aged 18-64 years...
2015: BMC Public Health
Jennifer K Coffeng, Esther M van Sluijs, Ingrid J Hendriksen, Willem van Mechelen, Cécile R Boot
BACKGROUND: Research is needed to better understand the associations between during-work and after-work-hours physical activity and relaxation and need for recovery (NFR), so a study of these variables in office workers at a financial service provider was undertaken. METHODS: Self-reported baseline data of 412 employees (mean age = 41.3 y; 39.6% women) were used. Linear regression analyses were performed to test associations of physical activity, relaxation, detachment, and breaks at work with NFR...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Theda Radtke, Pamela Rackow
Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs) are beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated with a healthy behavior. In line with the CHBs model, the aim of this study was twofold. First, the study investigated the relationship between autonomous motivation and CHBs that physical inactivity can be compensated by taking the stairs instead of the elevator. Second, the study focused on the associations between CHBs and readiness to use the stairs more often and stair and elevator use. Thus, a cross-sectional online questionnaire was designed that was filled out by 135 participants...
December 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gaurav Suri, Gal Sheppes, Sara Leslie, James J Gross
To encourage an increase in daily activity, researchers have tried a variety of health-related communications, but with mixed results. In the present research-using the stair escalator choice context-we examined predictions derived from the Heuristic Systematic Model (HSM), Self Determination Theory (SDT), and related theories. Specifically, we tested whether (as predicted by HSM) signs that encourage heuristic processing ("Take the Stairs") would have greatest impact when placed at the stair/escalator point of choice (when processing time is limited), whereas signs that encourage systematic processing ("Will You Take the Stairs?") would have greatest impact when placed at some distance from the point of choice (when processing time is less limited)...
December 2014: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
Jennifer L Reed, Andrew L Pipe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on recent literature examining the validity and reliability of the talk test for prescribing and monitoring exercise intensity. The utility of the talk test for high-intensity interval training and recently proposed exercise training guidelines for patients with atrial fibrillation is also examined. RECENT FINDINGS: In healthy adults and patients with cardiovascular disease, comfortable speech is likely possible (equivocal or last positive talk test stage) when exercise intensity is below the ventilatory or lactate threshold, and not likely possible (negative talk test stage) when exercise intensity exceeds the ventilatory or lactate threshold...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Sisira Sarma, Gregory S Zaric, M Karen Campbell, Jason Gilliland
Although physical activity has been considered as an important modifiable risk factor for obesity, the empirical evidence on the relationship between physical activity and obesity is mixed. Observational studies in the public health literature fail to account for time-invariant unobserved heterogeneity and dynamics of weight, leading to biased estimation of the effect of physical activity on obesity. To overcome this limitation, we propose dynamic fixed-effects models to account for unobserved heterogeneity bias and the dynamics of obesity...
July 2014: Economics and Human Biology
Miyoung Lee, Weimo Zhu, Elizabeth Ackley-Holbrook, Diana G Brower, Bryan McMurray
BACKGROUND: It is critical to employ accurate measures when assessing physical activity (PA) barriers in any subpopulation, yet existing measures are not appropriate for persons with blindness or visual impairment (PBVI) due to a lack of validity or reliability evidence. OBJECTIVE: To develop and calibrate a PA barrier scale for PBVI. METHODS: An expert panel (n = 3) and 18 PBVI were recruited to establish content validity for a PA barriers subscale; 160 PBVI (96 females) completed the scale along with the Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities for calibration...
July 2014: Disability and Health Journal
Jennifer K Coffeng, Esther M van Sluijs, Ingrid J M Hendriksen, Willem van Mechelen, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Research is needed to better understand the associations between during-work and after-work-hours physical activity and relaxation and need for recovery (NFR), so a study of these variables in office workers at a financial service provider was undertaken. METHODS: Self-reported baseline data of 412 employees (mean age = 41.3 y; 39.6% women) were used. Linear regression analyses were performed to test associations of physical activity, relaxation, detachment, and breaks at work with NFR...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Liang Wei, Bei Wu
OBJECTIVES: To examine racial and ethnic differences in the effects of body mass index (BMI) on the onset of functional impairment over 10 years of follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal analyses of a cohort from a nationally representative survey of community-dwelling American adults. SETTING: Six waves (1996-2006) of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). PARTICIPANTS: Two groups of HRS participants aged 50 and older without functional impairment at baseline (1996): 5,884 with no mobility difficulty and 8,484 with no activity of daily living (ADL) difficulty...
January 2014: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Rodney A Kennedy, Colin A G Boreham, Marie H Murphy, Ian S Young, Nanette Mutrie
Despite its obvious advantages, few studies have examined health outcomes of regular stariclimbing. In this study, we investigated the training effects of eight weeks of stairclimbing on recognised measures of health-related fitness in an occupational setting. Forty-five public sector employees (22 male, 23 female) aged 42.3 ± 9.0 years were randomly assigned to control (n = 16) or stairclimbing (n = 29) groups. Stairclimbing training began with 1 bout 5d·wk(-1) in week 1, increasing by one climb per day every two weeks until week 5, where a maintenance level of 3 climbs per day was reached...
2007: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Masanori Ohta, Hiroshi Yamato
Results of annual health checkups at workplaces revealed a steady increase in the incidence of cardiovascular risk factors such as dyslipidemia and hypertension in Japan. With the aging of the workforce, the incidence is expected to increase further. These risk factors are modifiable through a lifestyle modification program including mild exercise and nutritional guidance. In 1988, the Japanese government revised the Industrial Safety and Health Law to promote health in the workplace and implemented the Total Health Promotion Plan (THP)...
October 2013: Journal of UOEH
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