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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532075/effect-of-protein-intake-on-lean-body-mass-in-functionally-limited-older-men-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Shalender Bhasin, Caroline M Apovian, Thomas G Travison, Karol Pencina, Lynn L Moore, Grace Huang, Wayne W Campbell, Zhuoying Li, Andrew S Howland, Ruo Chen, Philip E Knapp, Martha R Singer, Mitali Shah, Kristina Secinaro, Richard V Eder, Kathleen Hally, Haley Schram, Richelle Bearup, Yusnie M Beleva, Ashley C McCarthy, Erin Woodbury, Jennifer McKinnon, Geeta Fleck, Thomas W Storer, Shehzad Basaria
Importance: The Institute of Medicine set the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for protein at 0.8 g/kg/d for the entire adult population. It remains controversial whether protein intake greater than the RDA is needed to maintain protein anabolism in older adults. Objective: To investigate whether increasing protein intake to 1.3 g/kg/d in older adults with physical function limitations and usual protein intake within the RDA improves lean body mass (LBM), muscle performance, physical function, fatigue, and well-being and augments LBM response to a muscle anabolic drug...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386701/the-use-of-evidence-based-guidance-to-enable-reliable-and-accurate-measurements-of-the-home-environment
#2
Georgia Spiliotopoulou, Anita Atwal, Anne McIntyre
Introduction: High quality guidance in home strategies is needed to enable older people to measure their home environment and become involved in the provision of assistive devices and to promote consistency among professionals. This study aims to investigate the reliability of such guidance and its ability to promote accuracy of results when measurements are taken by both older people and professionals. Method: Twenty-five health professionals and 26 older people participated in a within-group design to test the accuracy of measurements taken (that is, person's popliteal height, baths, toilets, beds, stairs and chairs)...
January 2018: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341873/differences-in-heart-rate-reserve-of-similar-physical-activities-during-work-and-in-leisure-time-a-study-among-danish-blue-collar-workers
#3
Pieter Coenen, Mette Korshøj, David M Hallman, Maaike A Huysmans, Allard J van der Beek, Leon M Straker, Andreas Holtermann
Recent studies suggest that while leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) promotes general health, engaging in occupational physical activity (OPA) may have negative health consequences. It has been hypothesized that the different health effects from OPA and LTPA can be explained by differences in physical activity (PA) intensity in these two domains. To assess the intensity of OPA and LTPA, we aimed to study the percentage heart rate reserve (%HRR) during similar types of OPA and LTPA during workdays. Data from the NOMAD study on Danish blue-collar workers (n=124) with objective measurements of PA (using accelerometers) and heart rate (using heart rate monitors) for 4 workdays were analysed...
January 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#4
H Hu Sophia, R Fu Mei, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity. DESIGN AND METHODS: A concurrent mixed-methods design was used...
February 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214829/promoting-stair-climbing-in-a-worksite-and-public-setting-are-footprints-enough
#5
Ann-Sophie Van Hoecke, Jan Seghers, Filip Boen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of footprints on stair climbing in different settings. DESIGN: Interrupted time-series design. SETTING: A company (stair/elevator choice) and a mall (stair/escalator choice). PARTICIPANTS: Employees (n = 5676) and visitors of the mall (n = 12 623). INTERVENTION: An intervention comprising 3 consecutive phases was implemented-(1) footprints leading to the stairs were stuck on the floor, (2) a health message referring to the footprints was introduced, and (3) passersby were congratulated for their increased stair use...
March 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656108/home-features-and-assistive-technology-for-the-home-bound-elderly-in-a-thai-suburban-community-by-applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#6
Supawadee Putthinoi, Suchitporn Lersilp, Nopasit Chakpitak
The ageing population is having an impact worldwide and has created a serious challenge in Thailand's healthcare systems, whereby healthcare practitioners play a major role in promoting independent interaction of their client's abilities, as well as environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to survey features of the home and assistive technology (AT) for the home-bound elderly in the community of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Home evaluation included features inside and outside the home, and AT was based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) concept...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507015/preserving-healthy-muscle-during-weight-loss
#7
REVIEW
Edda Cava, Nai Chien Yeat, Bettina Mittendorfer
Weight loss is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity because it can ameliorate or completely resolve the metabolic risk factors for diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity-associated cancers. The potential health benefits of diet-induced weight loss are thought to be compromised by the weight-loss-associated loss of lean body mass, which could increase the risk of sarcopenia (low muscle mass and impaired muscle function). The objective of this review is to provide an overview of what is known about weight-loss-induced muscle loss and its implications for overall physical function (e...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482146/skeletal-muscle-fat-and-its-association-with-physical-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Samannaaz S Khoja, Charity G Moore, Bret H Goodpaster, Anthony Delitto, Sara R Piva
OBJECTIVE: To characterize skeletal muscle fat (SMF), intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and assess the associations between these fat depots and physical function and physical activity. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis from an RA cohort. SMF, IMAT and SAT were measured using computed tomography imaging of the mid-thigh cross-sectional region. Physical function was measured with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and a battery of performance-based tests that included quadriceps muscle strength, gait speed, repeated chair-stands, stair ascend, and single leg-stance...
May 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264762/are-motivational-signs-to-increase-stair-use-a-thing-of-the-past-a-multi-building-study
#9
Lina Engelen, Joanne Gale, Josephine Y Chau, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed Only half of Australia's adult population is sufficiently physical active. One method thought to increase incidental physical activity at work is the use of stair-promoting interventions. Stairs are readily available and stair climbing is considered vigorous physical activity. Motivational signs have been extensively and effectively trialled to increase stair use, but are they suitable for contemporary populations? Methods Participants were occupants of three selected University of Sydney buildings using the elevators or stairs...
December 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078084/promoting-workplace-stair-climbing-sometimes-not-interfering-is-the-best
#10
Andreas Åvitsland, Ane Kristiansen Solbraa, Amund Riiser
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing is a vigorous activity and can lead to several health benefits. Studies seeking to increase stair climbing in various public locations have shown positive effects, while results from similar studies conducted in the workplace are inconclusive. This study examined stair climbing in the workplace, and monitored effects from a single- and a combined intervention. Interventions were inspired by nudging, the libertarian method of influencing behavior. METHODS: By quasi-experimental design, stair- and elevator traffic in two office buildings was monitored preceding-, during- and following interventions with stair leading footprints alone, and combined with stair-riser banners...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968854/psychophysical-effects-of-subtle-modification-of-the-built-environment-a-quasi-experimental-field-study
#11
Rich Masters, Catherine Capio, Thomson Wong, Jamie Poolton, Liis Uiga
BACKGROUND: China's rapid urban growth is associated with an increasingly unhealthy population. Urban planners can design cities to promote healthy lifestyles, but to re-engineer the existing built environment is no simple task. We assessed whether a simple modification of the built environment was associated with altered perceptions of, and ambulation in, that environment. METHODS: We adjusted a single-rail stair banister (length 3 m, height 1 m) in an urban area of Hong Kong, China, to increase or decrease the convergence angle with the stairs by 10% (plus or minus 1·91°)...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720340/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-stair-use
#12
REVIEW
Cally A Jennings, Lira Yun, Christina C Loitz, Eun-Young Lee, W Kerry Mummery
CONTEXT: Stair climbing is an accessible activity that can be incorporated into one's daily lifestyle to increase physical activity levels and provide health benefits. This review summarizes the effectiveness of stair interventions and explores key differences that may influence intervention effectiveness. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Interventions to increase stair use published from January 1990 to July 2015 were identified in PubMed, Sport Discus, Web of Science, Environment Complete, CINAHL, Trial Register of Promoting Health Interventions, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392833/the-development-of-the-icf-vestibular-environmental-scale
#13
Susan L Whitney, Ahmad Alghadir, Alia Alghwiri, Kefah M Alshebber, Mohammed Alshehri, Joseph M Furman, Martin Mueller, Eva Grill
UNLABELLED: People with vestibular disorders report changes in symptoms based on their environment with many situations increasing their symptoms. The purpose of this paper was to utilize the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) from the World Health Organization (WHO) to describe common environmental triggers for dizziness in persons living with balance and vestibular disorders. A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted with four different centres on three different continents, including patients from the United States (Pittsburgh), Germany (Munich), Jordan (Amman) and Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239405/patient-centred-physical-therapy-is-cost-effective-in-increasing-physical-activity-and-reducing-frailty-in-older-adults-with-mobility-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-6%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#14
Nienke M de Vries, J Bart Staal, Philip J van der Wees, Eddy M M Adang, Reinier Akkermans, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known health benefits of physical activity, it is a great challenge to stay physically active for frail-older adults with mobility limitations. The aim of this study was to test the (cost-) effectiveness of a patient-centred physical therapy strategy (Coach2Move) in which individualized treatment (motivational interviewing, physical examination, individualized goal setting, coaching and advice on self management, and physical training) is combined to increase physical activity level and physical fitness and, thereby, to decrease the level of frailty...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089916/the-ethnic-gap-in-mobility-a-comparison-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-migrants-and-the-general-finnish-population
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
S Rask, P Sainio, A E Castaneda, T Härkänen, S Stenholm, P Koponen, S Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Many ethnic minority populations have poorer health than the general population. However, there is limited knowledge on the possible ethnic gap in physical mobility. We aim to examine the prevalence of mobility limitations in working-age Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants in comparison to the general population in Finland. We also determine whether the association between ethnic group and mobility limitation remains after taking into account socio-economic and health-related factors...
April 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938761/radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-in-relieving-refractory-pain-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Wen-Sheng Shen, Xiao-Qi Xu, Nan-Nan Zhai, Zhi-Shui Zhou, Jin Shao, Ya-Hong Yu
To investigate the efficacy of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC) in relieving refractory pain of knee osteoarthritis (OA), we selected 54 patients with chronic knee OA pain, 27 treated with RFTC (case group) and 27 receiving regular treatments (control group). Response evaluations were conducted before treatment, and at the termination of treatment, and 3-month follow-up, applying the visual analog scale, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and American Knee Society Score (AKSS)...
November 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785720/exploring-physical-activity-with-a-low-psychological-burden-and-high-feasibility-in-japan-a-qualitative-study
#17
Takashi Shimazaki, Misa Iio, YingHua Lee, Kayo Konuma, Koji Takenaka
Previous research has shown that physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility (i.e. a focus on small lifestyle changes) contributes to the adoption of and long-term success in behavior change intervention. The present study aims to explore the physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility in which people already engage in their everyday life in Japan. Sixty-four participants (22 males and 42 females ranging in age from 36 to 89) participated in a qualitative research survey that asked what type of physical activity they engaged in on a daily basis to maintain good health...
December 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693135/a-multilevel-health-promotion-intervention-in-minority-owned-workplaces
#18
Deborah J Bowen, Katherine J Briant, Jeffrey Harris, Peggy Hannon, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Changing health behaviors and health-related environments is important in reducing chronic disease. Minority workplaces are potential venues to provide regular, effective health promotion opportunities to underserved individuals. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of changing workplace policy, programs, and practices in minority-owned workplaces. METHODS: Four minority Native American-owned businesses were recruited to participate in this study...
December 2015: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683116/interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-and-increase-physical-activity-during-productive-work-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Dianne Acm Commissaris, Maaike A Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Divya Srinivasan, Lando Lj Koppes, Ingrid Jm Hendriksen
OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the effectiveness of workplace interventions that are implemented during productive work and are intended to change workers` SB and/or PA. METHODS: We searched Scopus for articles published from 1992 until 12 March 2015. Relevant studies were evaluated using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies and summarized in a best-evidence synthesis. Primary outcomes were SB and PA, both at work and overall (ie, during the whole day); work performance and health-related parameters were secondary outcomes...
May 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26662926/risk-and-protective-factors-for-falls-on-stairs-in-young-children-multicentre-case-control-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
D Kendrick, K Zou, J Ablewhite, M Watson, C Coupland, B Kay, A Hawkins, R Reading
AIM: To investigate risk and protective factors for stair falls in children aged <5 years. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study at hospitals, minor injury units and general practices in and around four UK study centres. Cases were children with medically attended stair fall injuries. Controls were matched on age, sex, calendar time and study centre. A total of 610 cases and 2658 controls participated. RESULTS: Cases' most common injuries were bangs on the head (66%), cuts/grazes not requiring stitches (14%) and fractures (12%)...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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