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Health promoting stairs

Ann-Sophie Van Hoecke, Jan Seghers, Filip Boen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of footprints on stair climbing in different settings. DESIGN: Interrupted time-series design. SETTING: A company (stair/elevator choice) and a mall (stair/escalator choice). PARTICIPANTS: Employees (n = 5676) and visitors of the mall (n = 12 623). INTERVENTION: An intervention comprising 3 consecutive phases was implemented-(1) footprints leading to the stairs were stuck on the floor, (2) a health message referring to the footprints was introduced, and (3) passersby were congratulated for their increased stair use...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Supawadee Putthinoi, Suchitporn Lersilp, Nopasit Chakpitak
The ageing population is having an impact worldwide and has created a serious challenge in Thailand's healthcare systems, whereby healthcare practitioners play a major role in promoting independent interaction of their client's abilities, as well as environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to survey features of the home and assistive technology (AT) for the home-bound elderly in the community of Chiang Mai, Thailand. Home evaluation included features inside and outside the home, and AT was based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) concept...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
Edda Cava, Nai Chien Yeat, Bettina Mittendorfer
Weight loss is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity because it can ameliorate or completely resolve the metabolic risk factors for diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity-associated cancers. The potential health benefits of diet-induced weight loss are thought to be compromised by the weight-loss-associated loss of lean body mass, which could increase the risk of sarcopenia (low muscle mass and impaired muscle function). The objective of this review is to provide an overview of what is known about weight-loss-induced muscle loss and its implications for overall physical function (e...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
Samannaaz S Khoja, Charity G Moore, Bret H Goodpaster, Anthony Delitto, Sara R Piva
OBJECTIVE: To characterize skeletal muscle fat (SMF), intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and assess the associations between these fat depots and physical function and physical activity. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis from an RA cohort. SMF, IMAT and SAT were measured using computed tomography imaging of the mid-thigh cross-sectional region. Physical function was measured with the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and a battery of performance-based tests that included quadriceps muscle strength, gait speed, repeated chair-stands, stair ascend, and single leg-stance...
May 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
Lina Engelen, Joanne Gale, Josephine Y Chau, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: Only half of Australia's adult population is sufficiently physical active. One method thought to increase incidental physical activity at work is the use of stair-promoting interventions. Stairs are readily available and stair climbing is considered vigorous physical activity. Motivational signs have been extensively and effectively trialled to increase stair use, but are they suitable for contemporary populations? Methods: Participants were occupants of three selected University of Sydney buildings using the elevators or stairs...
March 6, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Andreas Åvitsland, Ane Kristiansen Solbraa, Amund Riiser
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing is a vigorous activity and can lead to several health benefits. Studies seeking to increase stair climbing in various public locations have shown positive effects, while results from similar studies conducted in the workplace are inconclusive. This study examined stair climbing in the workplace, and monitored effects from a single- and a combined intervention. Interventions were inspired by nudging, the libertarian method of influencing behavior. METHODS: By quasi-experimental design, stair- and elevator traffic in two office buildings was monitored preceding-, during- and following interventions with stair leading footprints alone, and combined with stair-riser banners...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Rich Masters, Catherine Capio, Thomson Wong, Jamie Poolton, Liis Uiga
BACKGROUND: China's rapid urban growth is associated with an increasingly unhealthy population. Urban planners can design cities to promote healthy lifestyles, but to re-engineer the existing built environment is no simple task. We assessed whether a simple modification of the built environment was associated with altered perceptions of, and ambulation in, that environment. METHODS: We adjusted a single-rail stair banister (length 3 m, height 1 m) in an urban area of Hong Kong, China, to increase or decrease the convergence angle with the stairs by 10% (plus or minus 1·91°)...
October 2016: Lancet
Cally A Jennings, Lira Yun, Christina C Loitz, Eun-Young Lee, W Kerry Mummery
CONTEXT: Stair climbing is an accessible activity that can be incorporated into one's daily lifestyle to increase physical activity levels and provide health benefits. This review summarizes the effectiveness of stair interventions and explores key differences that may influence intervention effectiveness. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Interventions to increase stair use published from January 1990 to July 2015 were identified in PubMed, Sport Discus, Web of Science, Environment Complete, CINAHL, Trial Register of Promoting Health Interventions, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO...
January 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Susan L Whitney, Ahmad Alghadir, Alia Alghwiri, Kefah M Alshebber, Mohammed Alshehri, Joseph M Furman, Martin Mueller, Eva Grill
UNLABELLED: People with vestibular disorders report changes in symptoms based on their environment with many situations increasing their symptoms. The purpose of this paper was to utilize the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) from the World Health Organization (WHO) to describe common environmental triggers for dizziness in persons living with balance and vestibular disorders. A multi-centre cross-sectional study was conducted with four different centres on three different continents, including patients from the United States (Pittsburgh), Germany (Munich), Jordan (Amman) and Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Nienke M de Vries, J Bart Staal, Philip J van der Wees, Eddy M M Adang, Reinier Akkermans, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known health benefits of physical activity, it is a great challenge to stay physically active for frail-older adults with mobility limitations. The aim of this study was to test the (cost-) effectiveness of a patient-centred physical therapy strategy (Coach2Move) in which individualized treatment (motivational interviewing, physical examination, individualized goal setting, coaching and advice on self management, and physical training) is combined to increase physical activity level and physical fitness and, thereby, to decrease the level of frailty...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
S Rask, P Sainio, A E Castaneda, T Härkänen, S Stenholm, P Koponen, S Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Many ethnic minority populations have poorer health than the general population. However, there is limited knowledge on the possible ethnic gap in physical mobility. We aim to examine the prevalence of mobility limitations in working-age Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants in comparison to the general population in Finland. We also determine whether the association between ethnic group and mobility limitation remains after taking into account socio-economic and health-related factors...
April 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Wen-Sheng Shen, Xiao-Qi Xu, Nan-Nan Zhai, Zhi-Shui Zhou, Jin Shao, Ya-Hong Yu
To investigate the efficacy of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC) in relieving refractory pain of knee osteoarthritis (OA), we selected 54 patients with chronic knee OA pain, 27 treated with RFTC (case group) and 27 receiving regular treatments (control group). Response evaluations were conducted before treatment, and at the termination of treatment, and 3-month follow-up, applying the visual analog scale, the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and American Knee Society Score (AKSS)...
November 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
Takashi Shimazaki, Misa Iio, YingHua Lee, Kayo Konuma, Koji Takenaka
Previous research has shown that physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility (i.e. a focus on small lifestyle changes) contributes to the adoption of and long-term success in behavior change intervention. The present study aims to explore the physical activity with a low psychological burden and high feasibility in which people already engage in their everyday life in Japan. Sixty-four participants (22 males and 42 females ranging in age from 36 to 89) participated in a qualitative research survey that asked what type of physical activity they engaged in on a daily basis to maintain good health...
December 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Deborah J Bowen, Katherine J Briant, Jeffrey Harris, Peggy Hannon, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Changing health behaviors and health-related environments is important in reducing chronic disease. Minority workplaces are potential venues to provide regular, effective health promotion opportunities to underserved individuals. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of changing workplace policy, programs, and practices in minority-owned workplaces. METHODS: Four minority Native American-owned businesses were recruited to participate in this study...
December 2015: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Dianne Acm Commissaris, Maaike A Huysmans, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Divya Srinivasan, Lando Lj Koppes, Ingrid Jm Hendriksen
OBJECTIVE: This review addresses the effectiveness of workplace interventions that are implemented during productive work and are intended to change workers` SB and/or PA. METHODS: We searched Scopus for articles published from 1992 until 12 March 2015. Relevant studies were evaluated using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies and summarized in a best-evidence synthesis. Primary outcomes were SB and PA, both at work and overall (ie, during the whole day); work performance and health-related parameters were secondary outcomes...
May 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
D Kendrick, K Zou, J Ablewhite, M Watson, C Coupland, B Kay, A Hawkins, R Reading
AIM: To investigate risk and protective factors for stair falls in children aged <5 years. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study at hospitals, minor injury units and general practices in and around four UK study centres. Cases were children with medically attended stair fall injuries. Controls were matched on age, sex, calendar time and study centre. A total of 610 cases and 2658 controls participated. RESULTS: Cases' most common injuries were bangs on the head (66%), cuts/grazes not requiring stitches (14%) and fractures (12%)...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Shadia Rask, Anu E Castaneda, Päivikki Koponen, Päivi Sainio, Sari Stenholm, Jaana Suvisaari, Teppo Juntunen, Tapio Halla, Tommi Härkänen, Seppo Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a bidirectional relationship between physical function and depression, but studies on their association in migrant populations are scarce. We examined the association between mental health symptoms and mobility limitation in Russian, Somali and Kurdish migrants in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Study (Maamu). The participants comprised 1357 persons of Russian, Somali or Kurdish origin aged 18-64 years...
2015: BMC Public Health
Jennifer K Coffeng, Esther M van Sluijs, Ingrid J Hendriksen, Willem van Mechelen, Cécile R Boot
BACKGROUND: Research is needed to better understand the associations between during-work and after-work-hours physical activity and relaxation and need for recovery (NFR), so a study of these variables in office workers at a financial service provider was undertaken. METHODS: Self-reported baseline data of 412 employees (mean age = 41.3 y; 39.6% women) were used. Linear regression analyses were performed to test associations of physical activity, relaxation, detachment, and breaks at work with NFR...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Theda Radtke, Pamela Rackow
Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs) are beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated with a healthy behavior. In line with the CHBs model, the aim of this study was twofold. First, the study investigated the relationship between autonomous motivation and CHBs that physical inactivity can be compensated by taking the stairs instead of the elevator. Second, the study focused on the associations between CHBs and readiness to use the stairs more often and stair and elevator use. Thus, a cross-sectional online questionnaire was designed that was filled out by 135 participants...
December 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gaurav Suri, Gal Sheppes, Sara Leslie, James J Gross
To encourage an increase in daily activity, researchers have tried a variety of health-related communications, but with mixed results. In the present research-using the stair escalator choice context-we examined predictions derived from the Heuristic Systematic Model (HSM), Self Determination Theory (SDT), and related theories. Specifically, we tested whether (as predicted by HSM) signs that encourage heuristic processing ("Take the Stairs") would have greatest impact when placed at the stair/escalator point of choice (when processing time is limited), whereas signs that encourage systematic processing ("Will You Take the Stairs?") would have greatest impact when placed at some distance from the point of choice (when processing time is less limited)...
December 2014: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
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