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Pharmacognosy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523534/idiosyncratic-drug-induced-liver-injury-linked-to-polygonum-multiflorum-a-case-study-by-pharmacognosy
#1
Chun-Yu Li, Qin He, Dan Gao, Rui-Yu Li, Yun Zhu, Hui-Fang Li, Wu-Wen Feng, Mei-Hua Yang, Xiao-He Xiao, Jia-Bo Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486742/from-pharmacognosia-to-dna-based-medicinal-plant-authentication-pharmacognosy-through-the-centuries
#2
Michael Heinrich, Sabine Anagnostou
For centuries, pharmacognosy was essential for the identification, quality, purity, and, until the end of the 18th century, even for the efficacy of medicinal plants. Since the 19th century, it concentrated on authenticity, purity, quality and the analysis of active substances, and was established as an academic branch discipline within pharmacy and continuously developed into a modern, highly sophisticated science. Even though the paradigm in pharmacy changed in the 19th century with the discovery of morphine and concentrated on single substances that could be synthesized fast by the upcoming industry, medicinal plants always remained an important element of the Materia medica, and during the last decades, medicinal plants continue to be a source of remedies, and natural products are an inspiration for new medicine...
May 9, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452185/computer-aided-dereplication-and-structure-elucidation-of-natural-products-at-the-university-of-reims
#3
Ali Bakiri, Bertrand Plainchont, Vicente de Paulo Emerenciano, Romain Reynaud, Jane Hubert, Jean-Hugues Renault, Jean-Marc Nuzillard
Natural product chemistry began in Reims, France, in a pharmacognosy research laboratory whose main emphasis was the isolation and identification of bioactive molecules, following the guidelines of chemotaxonomy. The structure elucidation of new compounds of steadily increasing complexity favored the emergence of methodological work in nuclear magnetic resonance. As a result, our group was the first to report the use of proton-detected heteronuclear chemical shift correlation spectra for the computer-assisted structure elucidation of small organic molecules driven by atom proximity relationships and without relying on databases...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388905/biodistribution-of-arctigenin-loaded-nanoparticles-designed-for-multimodal-imaging
#4
Qingxin Cui, Yuanyuan Hou, Yanan Wang, Xu Li, Yang Liu, Xiaoyao Ma, Zengyong Wang, Weiya Wang, Jin Tao, Qian Wang, Min Jiang, Dongyan Chen, Xizeng Feng, Gang Bai
BACKGROUND: Tracking targets of natural products is one of the most challenging issues in fields ranging from pharmacognosy to biomedicine. It is widely recognized that the biocompatible nanoparticle (NP) could function as a "key" that opens the target "lock". RESULTS: We report a functionalized poly-lysine NP technique that can monitor the target protein of arctigenin (ATG) in vivo non-invasively. The NPs were synthesized, and their morphologies and surface chemical properties were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), laser particle size analysis and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238034/35-years-of-marine-natural-product-research-in-sweden-cool-molecules-and-models-from-cold-waters
#5
Lars Bohlin, Paco Cárdenas, Anders Backlund, Ulf Göransson
Currents efforts in marine biodiscovery have essentially focused on temperate to tropical shallow water organisms. With more than 6000 species of marine plants and animals, the Kosterfjord area has the richest marine biodiversity in Swedish waters, but it remains understudied. The overall objective of our marine pharmacognosy research is to explore and reveal the pharmacological potential of organisms from this poorly explored region. More generally, we wish to understand aspects of structure-activity relationships of chemical interactions in cold-water marine environment (shallow and deep)...
2017: Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216874/pharmacognosy-magazine-completion-of-12-years-of-successful-publishing
#6
EDITORIAL
Mueen Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#7
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396403/reverse-pharmacognosy-and-reverse-pharmacology-two-closely-related-approaches-for-drug-discovery-development
#8
REVIEW
Soodabeh Saeidnia, Ahmad R Gohari, Azadeh Manayi
Pharmacognosy is a science, which study natural products as a source of new drug leads and effective drug development. Rational and economic search for novel lead structures could maximize the speed of drug discovery by using powerful high technology methods. Reverse pharmacognosy, a complementary to pharmacognosy, couples the high throughput screening (HTS), virtual screening and databases along with the knowledge of traditional medicines. These strategies lead to identification of numerous in vitro active and selective hits enhancing the speed of drug discovery from natural sources...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339369/review-of-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7th-revised-edition-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7-th-revised-edition-by-g-samuelsson-and-l-bohlin-uppsala-university-apotekarsocieteten-swedish-pharmaceutical-society-stockholm
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305605/review-of-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7th-revised-edition-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7-th-revised-edition-by-g-samuelsson-and-l-bohlin-uppsala-university-apotekarsocieteten-swedish-pharmaceutical-society-stockholm
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281936/-laboratory-of-pharmacognosy-of-faculty-of-pharmacy-university-of-coimbra-portugal-teaching-and-et-research-1902-1980
#11
Célia Cabral, Lígia Salgueiro, João Rui Pita
In this article the authors present a brief history of the Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Portugal (1902-1980). The authors refer the importance of pharmacognosy in the study plans, the scientific research and the scientific collection of pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra. This heritage consists of collection of drugs prepared in the laboratory of pharmacognosy, a collection Drogen-Lehrsammlung purchased to E. Merck and a collection of botanic-didactic models of the XIXth century of the famous German manufacturer R...
March 2016: Revue D'histoire de la Pharmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229445/multiple-on-line-hplc-coupled-with-biochemical-detection-methods-to-evaluate-bioactive-compounds-in-danshen-injection
#12
Wen-Bing Peng, Qiu-Hua Zeng, Dan-Ping Li, Tian-Ming Ding, Jing-Ling Tan, Xiao-Ping Ding
On-line high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with three biochemical detection (BCD) methods was applied to evaluate bioactive components in Danshen injection. On-line HPLC-photo-diode array-fluorescence detection based on the fluorogenic substrate 7-acetoxy-1-methyl quinolinium iodide, was built to search acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors in Danshen injection. On-line HPLC coupled with the scavenging assay of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) free radicals was developed to screen antioxidants...
November 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080956/pharmacognosy
#13
EDITORIAL
N D Shashikiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007430/-aromatherapy-and-nursing-historical-and-theoretical-conception
#14
Juliana Rizzo Gnatta, Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Maria Júlia Paes da Silva
Aromatherapy is a Practical or Complementary Health Therapy that uses volatile concentrates extracted from plants called essential oils, in order to improve physical, mental and emotional well-being. Aromatherapy has been practiced historically and worldwide by nurses and, as in Brazil is supported by the Federal Nursing Council, it is relevant to discuss this practice in the context of Nursing through Theories of Nursing. This study of theoretical reflection, exploratory and descriptive, aims to discuss the pharmacognosy of essential oils, the historical trajectory of Aromatherapy in Nursing and the conceptions to support Aromatherapy in light of eight Nursing Theorists (Florence Nightingale, Myra Levine, Hildegard Peplau, Martha Rogers, Callista Roy, Wanda Horta, Jean Watson and Katharine Kolcaba), contributing to its inclusion as a nursing care practice...
February 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978972/-analysis-and-outlook-on-teaching-status-of-molecular-pharmacognosy
#15
Yu-xia Bi, Hai-yu Xu, Yan Tong, Shu-zhen Cui, Hai-yan Li, Chang-xiao Liu
The teaching status of Molecular Pharmacognosy in 28 institutions in China was investigated by questionnaire and the survey data was analyzed by SPSS. Research contents included course beginning years, majors, class hours, characteristics of the course, teaching ways, the theory and practice contents, evaluation modes, selection of teaching material, teaching achievements, teachers and so on for undergraduates and graduates. Research results showed that with 20 years' development, Molecular Pharmacognosy had been offered for both undergraduate and graduate students in at least 20 colleges and universities and Molecular Pharmacognosy education in China showed good development momentum...
September 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939259/pharmacognostical-studies
#16
(no author information available yet)
The chapter deals with tools and techniques employed in pharmacognosy. Pharmacognostic evaluation helps to screen the commercial varieties, substitutes, adulterants and any other quality control of the drugs. It is a simple and reliable tool, helps to obtain information about biochemical and physical properties of crude drug. Methods such as macroscopic and microscopic analysis, maceration, histochemical colour reaction, photomicrography, organoleptic character of plant powder and extracts, fluorescence analysis of plant powder with different chemical reagents, determination of pH of plant powder, water solubility index (WSI) and water absorption index (WAI) and acid value are discussed...
2016: Progress in Drug Research. Fortschritte der Arzneimittelforschung. Progrès des Recherches Pharmaceutiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935080/-education-program-of-kampo-medicine-for-undergraduates-in-preparation-for-clinical-setting
#17
REVIEW
Masato Homma
Kampo-medicine has become popular in Japanese medical practice combined with western medicine. For example, Daikenchu-To for intestinal obstruction after surgical operation, Shakuyakukanzo-To and Goshajinki-Gan for anti-cancer agents-induced neuropathy, and Yokkan-San for behavioral psychological symptoms of dementia are alternatively used in addition to conventional treatments in Japan. However, combined use of Kampo-medicine and western medicine may cause unexpected adverse events including undesirable drug-drug interactions because Kampo-medicine was not originally developed to be used with western medicine...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935078/-approach-to-teaching-kampo-medicine-at-kyoto-pharmaceutical-university
#18
REVIEW
Hisashi Matsuda
An approach to educating our pharmaceutical students about Kampo medicine in the six-year system of undergraduate pharmacy education at Kyoto Pharmaceutical University is introduced, including the author's opinions. Curriculum revisions have been made in our university for students entering after 2012. In teaching Kampo medicine at present, a medical doctor and an on-site pharmacist share information difficult to give in a lecture with the teaching staff in my laboratory. For example, before the curriculum revision, we conferred with a pharmacist and a doctor in the course "Kampo Medicine A, B" for 4th year students, in which students were presented a basic knowledge of Kampo medicine, the application of important Kampo medicines, combinations of crude drugs, etc...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935077/-kampo-education-in-the-faculty-of-pharmaceutical-sciences-at-toho-university
#19
REVIEW
Kazuo Koike
In the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Toho University, Kampo education commenced 40 years ago through a course titeled "Kampo", which has since been renamed as "Kampo Pharmacology". The current university curriculum offers courses in subjects such as Pharmacognosy and Practical Pharmacognosy for sophomores, Kampo Pharmacology for juniors, and Clinical Kampo Medicine for seniors. Kampo Pharmacology is a subject that bridges "Pharmacognosy" to "Clinical Kampo Medicine". The functions of the crude drugs included in Kampo prescriptions are explained both in terms of efficacy from the perspective of Kampo and by contemporary evidence...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935076/-approach-to-the-education-of-kampo-medicine-by-pharmacognosy-faculty
#20
Yoshihiro Mimaki, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Toshiaki Makino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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