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Pharmacognosy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200449/pharmacognosy-a-classical-theme-tuned-to-a-contemporary-melody
#1
Yan Zhang, Lisa B Phipps, Jennifer McDaniel
Objective. To describe the development of a pharmacognosy course that uses a combination of didactic teaching, team-based projects, and practicum laboratory practice. Methods. A course titled "Pharmacognosy" was developed by applying a three-tier teaching methodology: in the classroom, the basic concepts and principles were introduced in a didactic manner; outside the classroom, students worked in teams and each team created an independent literature-based research project that was submitted as a poster presentation; in the pharmacy practicum laboratory, students worked individually and conducted a quality control experiment comprised of a quantitative analysis of an herbal product...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018410/next-generation-beneficial-microbes-the-case-of-akkermansia-muciniphila
#2
REVIEW
Patrice D Cani, Willem M de Vos
Metabolic disorders associated with obesity and cardiometabolic disorders are worldwide epidemic. Among the different environmental factors, the gut microbiota is now considered as a key player interfering with energy metabolism and host susceptibility to several non-communicable diseases. Among the next-generation beneficial microbes that have been identified, Akkermansia muciniphila is a promising candidate. Indeed, A. muciniphila is inversely associated with obesity, diabetes, cardiometabolic diseases and low-grade inflammation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970446/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-bulgaria
#3
Valentina Petkova, Jeffrey Atkinson
Pharmacies in Bulgaria have a monopoly on the dispensing of medicinal products that are authorized in the Republic of Bulgaria, as well as medical devices, food additives, cosmetics, and sanitary/hygienic articles. Aptekari (pharmacists) act as responsible pharmacists, pharmacy owners, and managers. They follow a five year Masters of Science in Pharmacy (M.Sc. Pharm.) degree course with a six month traineeship. Pomoshnik-farmacevti (assistant pharmacists) follow a three year degree with a six month traineeship...
June 22, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948724/-teaching-research-of-molecular-pharmacognosy-for-talent-development-in-industry-of-chinese-medicinal-materials-under-new-situation
#4
Wan-Li Guo, Zhe-Chen Qi, Xiao-Dan Zhang, Qing Sheng, Zong-Suo Liang
The industry of Chinese medicinal materials is going through another high-level development stage with some important files issued by Chinese government in the past months, such as "the protection and development plans of Chinese medicinal materials (2015-2020)" and "the strategic development plans of Chinese medicine (2016-2030)". In addition, the effect of "TU Youyou" will not only improve the industry development, but also indicates the increasing international competition intensely. Therefore, one of the core problems of the sustainable-development industry is the training of senior talents under the "New Situation" with opportunity and intense competition...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872683/phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-potential-of-cassia-absus-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmad, Ayesha Hassan, Waheed Mumtaz Abbasi, Tayyeba Rehman
OBJECTIVES: Cassia absus is a plant of the family fabaceae with Ayurvedic ethnomedical records. It is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma, cough, conjunctivitis, leucoderma, renal and hepatic diseases, constipation, tumors, venereal ulcer, headache, hemorrhoids and wound healing. Preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies have provided valuable scientific evidence for its use. This review aims to summarize reported pharmacognosy, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological potential of C...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832536/chemical-and-antimicrobial-analyses-of-sideritis-romana-l-subsp-purpurea-tal-ex-benth-heywood-an-endemic-of-the-western-balkan
#6
Vanja Tadić, Alessandra Oliva, Mijat Božović, Alessia Cipolla, Massimiliano De Angelis, Vincenzo Vullo, Stefania Garzoli, Rino Ragno
A comprehensive study on essential oil and different solvent extracts of Sideritis romana L. subsp. purpurea (Tal. ex Benth.) Heywood (Lamiaceae) from Montenegro is reported. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil revealed a total of 43 components with bicyclogermacrene (23.8%), germacrene D (8%), (E)-caryophyllene (7.9%) and spathulenol (5.5%) as the major ones. Sesquiterpenoid group was found to be the most dominant one (64.8%), with 19.9% of the oxygenated forms. In the crude methanol extract of the investigated plant, obtained by Sohhlet exraction, the total phenol content was 14...
August 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748433/a-supplement-to-prof-shoji-shibata-s-achievements-the-history-of-sh%C3%A5-s%C3%A5-in-medicines-and-the-reason-why-magnolia-obovata-old-name-hoogashiwa-was-not-given-a-chinese-herbal-name-in-japan-s-oldest-anthology-man-y%C3%A5-sh%C3%A5
#7
REVIEW
Takeshi Kinoshita
Prof. Shoji Shibata (1916-2016) left behind remarkable achievements in the field of the history of pharmacy. Among those, the scientific survey on medicines preserved in Shōsō-in, globally known as the World Cultural Heritage, is of particular interest, drawing wide attention from scholars to the general public. Its most spectacular and also shocking study in the field of pharmacognosy will be the one on the true origin of Kōboku (Houpu) that seems quite ordinary from its name. Prof. Shibata revealed that it is of juglandaceous origin that is completely different from what is known today under the same name...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690664/chinese-herbal-medicine-meets-biological-networks-of-complex-diseases-a-computational-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Shuo Gu, Jianfeng Pei
With the rapid development of cheminformatics, computational biology, and systems biology, great progress has been made recently in the computational research of Chinese herbal medicine with in-depth understanding towards pharmacognosy. This paper summarized these studies in the aspects of computational methods, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compound databases, and TCM network pharmacology. Furthermore, we chose arachidonic acid metabolic network as a case study to demonstrate the regulatory function of herbal medicine in the treatment of inflammation at network level...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668645/herbal-medicinal-products-evidence-and-tradition-from-a-historical-perspective
#9
Robert Jütte, Michael Heinrich, Axel Helmstädter, Jost Langhorst, Günter Meng, Wilhelm Niebling, Tanja Pommerening, Hans J Trampisch
BACKGROUND: Aside from the fully licensed herbal medicines there are products on the European pharmaceutical market which are registered by virtue of their longstanding traditional use. The normal registration procedure does not apply to them because presently they do not meet the legal requirements for a full license as set out in the relevant European Union Directive. One of these requirements, "proof of tradition", has so far been dealt with in different ways and fails to meet the criteria of good practice...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618131/pharmacognosy-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-achillea-millefolium-l-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Sofi Imtiyaz Ali, B Gopalakrishnan, V Venkatesalu
Achillea millefoilum L. (Yarrow) is an important species of Asteraceae family with common utilization in traditional medicine of several cultures from Europe to Asia for the treatment of spasmodic gastrointestinal disorders, hepatobiliary, gynecological disorders, against inflammation and for wound healing. An extensive review of literature was made on A. millefoilum L. using ethno botanical text books, published articles in peer-reviewed journals, unpublished materials and scientific databases. The Plant List, International Plant Name Index and Kew Botanical Garden databases were used to authenticate the scientific names...
August 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523534/idiosyncratic-drug-induced-liver-injury-linked-to-polygonum-multiflorum-a-case-study-by-pharmacognosy
#11
Chun-Yu Li, Qin He, Dan Gao, Rui-Yu Li, Yun Zhu, Hui-Fang Li, Wu-Wen Feng, Mei-Hua Yang, Xiao-He Xiao, Jia-Bo Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486742/from-pharmacognosia-to-dna-based-medicinal-plant-authentication-pharmacognosy-through-the-centuries
#12
Michael Heinrich, Sabine Anagnostou
For centuries, pharmacognosy was essential for the identification, quality, purity, and, until the end of the 18th century, even for the efficacy of medicinal plants. Since the 19th century, it concentrated on authenticity, purity, quality and the analysis of active substances, and was established as an academic branch discipline within pharmacy and continuously developed into a modern, highly sophisticated science. Even though the paradigm in pharmacy changed in the 19th century with the discovery of morphine and concentrated on single substances that could be synthesized fast by the upcoming industry, medicinal plants always remained an important element of the Materia medica, and during the last decades, medicinal plants continue to be a source of remedies, and natural products are an inspiration for new medicine...
October 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452185/computer-aided-dereplication-and-structure-elucidation-of-natural-products-at-the-university-of-reims
#13
Ali Bakiri, Bertrand Plainchont, Vicente de Paulo Emerenciano, Romain Reynaud, Jane Hubert, Jean-Hugues Renault, Jean-Marc Nuzillard
Natural product chemistry began in Reims, France, in a pharmacognosy research laboratory whose main emphasis was the isolation and identification of bioactive molecules, following the guidelines of chemotaxonomy. The structure elucidation of new compounds of steadily increasing complexity favored the emergence of methodological work in nuclear magnetic resonance. As a result, our group was the first to report the use of proton-detected heteronuclear chemical shift correlation spectra for the computer-assisted structure elucidation of small organic molecules driven by atom proximity relationships and without relying on databases...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388905/biodistribution-of-arctigenin-loaded-nanoparticles-designed-for-multimodal-imaging
#14
Qingxin Cui, Yuanyuan Hou, Yanan Wang, Xu Li, Yang Liu, Xiaoyao Ma, Zengyong Wang, Weiya Wang, Jin Tao, Qian Wang, Min Jiang, Dongyan Chen, Xizeng Feng, Gang Bai
BACKGROUND: Tracking targets of natural products is one of the most challenging issues in fields ranging from pharmacognosy to biomedicine. It is widely recognized that the biocompatible nanoparticle (NP) could function as a "key" that opens the target "lock". RESULTS: We report a functionalized poly-lysine NP technique that can monitor the target protein of arctigenin (ATG) in vivo non-invasively. The NPs were synthesized, and their morphologies and surface chemical properties were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), laser particle size analysis and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238034/35-years-of-marine-natural-product-research-in-sweden-cool-molecules-and-models-from-cold-waters
#15
REVIEW
Lars Bohlin, Paco Cárdenas, Anders Backlund, Ulf Göransson
Currents efforts in marine biodiscovery have essentially focused on temperate to tropical shallow water organisms. With more than 6000 species of marine plants and animals, the Kosterfjord area has the richest marine biodiversity in Swedish waters, but it remains understudied. The overall objective of our marine pharmacognosy research is to explore and reveal the pharmacological potential of organisms from this poorly explored region. More generally, we wish to understand aspects of structure-activity relationships of chemical interactions in cold-water marine environment (shallow and deep)...
2017: Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216874/pharmacognosy-magazine-completion-of-12-years-of-successful-publishing
#16
EDITORIAL
Mueen Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#17
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396403/reverse-pharmacognosy-and-reverse-pharmacology-two-closely-related-approaches-for-drug-discovery-development
#18
REVIEW
Soodabeh Saeidnia, Ahmad R Gohari, Azadeh Manayi
Pharmacognosy is a science, which study natural products as a source of new drug leads and effective drug development. Rational and economic search for novel lead structures could maximize the speed of drug discovery by using powerful high technology methods. Reverse pharmacognosy, a complementary to pharmacognosy, couples the high throughput screening (HTS), virtual screening and databases along with the knowledge of traditional medicines. These strategies lead to identification of numerous in vitro active and selective hits enhancing the speed of drug discovery from natural sources...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339369/review-of-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7th-revised-edition-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7-th-revised-edition-by-g-samuelsson-and-l-bohlin-uppsala-university-apotekarsocieteten-swedish-pharmaceutical-society-stockholm
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305605/review-of-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7th-revised-edition-drugs-of-natural-origin-a-treatise-of-pharmacognosy-7-th-revised-edition-by-g-samuelsson-and-l-bohlin-uppsala-university-apotekarsocieteten-swedish-pharmaceutical-society-stockholm
#20
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