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Stair prompts

Damien Bennett, Dylan MacLochlainn, Leanne McMullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ulster Medical Journal
Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho, Vinicius Gomes da Silva, Edmar Zanoteli, David Feder
Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy is characterized by predominant muscle fiber necrosis and regeneration with little or no inflammation. We describe a 58-year-old woman with previous breast cancer and statin use who complained of rapidly progressive weakness of lower limbs without pain, making walking, running and climbing stairs difficult. The creatine kinase level was 2,843 U/L, and muscle biopsy showed a dystrophic pattern. The genetic test for muscular dystrophies was negative and for anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase was positive...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Brent W Moloughney, Gayle E Bursey, Rebecca B Fortin, Maria G Morais, Khanh Thi Dang
PURPOSE: Evaluate the incremental impact of environmental stairwell enhancements on stair usage in addition to prompts. DESIGN: Phased, nonrandomized, quasi-experimental intervention. SETTING: Two 6-story and one 8-story municipal government office buildings-each with 2 stairwells. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately 2800 municipal employees and 1000 daily visitors. INTERVENTION: All stairwells received door wraps and point-of-decision and wayfinding prompts...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jonathan Gravel, Constance LeBlanc, Catherine Varner
Priapism is characterized by persistent penile erection in the absence of sexual arousal or desire that does not subside with orgasm. Although relatively uncommon, it is a genitourinary emergency that necessities prompt work-up and appropriate management, as there is a time-dependent relationship between total duration of erection and an increasing risk of permanent erectile dysfunction. Confirming the type of priapism is key to proper management, but the majority of cases presenting to the emergency department are ischemic in nature...
March 16, 2018: CJEM
Olivier Allais, Pascale Bazoche, Sabrina Teyssier
Individuals rarely achieve investment activities characterised by up-front costs and delayed benefits. Point-of-decision prompts (PDPs) provide information about a better alternative or a deterrent to the behavioural standard at the moment the decision is made and may affect behaviour by helping individuals perform this type of investment activities. We conducted a field experiment to assess the effects of a PDP intervention that encourages taking the stairs rather than the escalator in three Paris (France) Metro stations for eight weeks from April to July 2014...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Yael BenPorat, Natasha Bliss, Suzanne C Hughes, Brent Bishop, Kristi Robusto, Melbourne F Hovell
Several studies have demonstrated that point-of-choice prompts modestly increase stair use (i.e., incidental physical activity) in many public places, but evidence of effectiveness in airport settings is weak. Furthermore, evaluating the effects of past physical activity on stair use and on point-of-choice prompts to increase stair use is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sign prompts and participant factors including past physical activity on stair ascent in an airport setting...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
Devin W McBride, John H Zhang
An argument for preclinical stroke research to make more use of the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model, rather than transient MCAO, is presented. Despite STAIR recommending permanent MCAO as the primary model, preclinical stroke research has not been listened. In 2012, Hossmann reported that 64% of the treatment studies for MCAO used prompt transient MCAO models and only 36% of the studies used permanent MCAO or gradual transient MCAO (i.e., embolic stroke model). Then, in 2014 and 2015, 88% of published basic science studies on large vessel occlusion used the transient MCAO model...
July 17, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
J Aaron Hipp, Elizabeth A Dodson, Jung Ae Lee, Christine M Marx, Lin Yang, Rachel G Tabak, Christine Hoehner, Oriol Marquet, Ross C Brownson
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether specific worksite supports for physical activity (PA) were associated with total and domain-specific PA. METHODS: A cross-sectional, telephone-based study was conducted in four Missouri, USA, metropolitan areas in 2012 and 2013. Outcome variables included total PA and sub-domains (leisure, work, travel) measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Logistic regression determined odds of meeting PA recommendations, given access to and use of 18 unique PA worksite supports...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Lin Yang, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Rachel G Tabak, Elizabeth A Dodson, Christine M Marx, Ross C Brownson
The worksite serves as an ideal setting to reduce sedentary time. Yet little research has focused on occupational sitting, and few have considered factors beyond the personal or socio-demographic level. The current study i) examined variation in occupational sitting across different occupations, ii) explored whether worksite level factors (e.g., employer size, worksite supports and policies) may be associated with occupational sitting. Between 2012 and 2013, participants residing in four Missouri metropolitan areas were interviewed via telephone and provided information on socio-demographic characteristics, schedule flexibility, occupation, work related factors, and worksite supports and policies...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
Markus Reichert, Heike Tost, Iris Reinhard, Alexander Zipf, Hans-Joachim Salize, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer
A physically active lifestyle has been related to positive health outcomes and high life expectancy, but the underlying psychological mechanisms maintaining physical activity are rarely investigated. Tremendous technological progress yielding sophisticated methodological approaches, i.e., ambulatory assessment, have recently enabled the study of these mechanisms in everyday life. In practice, accelerometers allow to continuously and objectively monitor physical activity. The combination with e-diaries makes it feasible to repeatedly assess mood states in real-time and real life and to relate them to physical activity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sebastian Arana-Garza, Marco Juarez-Parra, Jeronimo Monterrubio-Rodríguez, Enrique Cedillo-Alemán, David Orozco-Agüet, Zaire Zamudio-Vázquez, Tanya Garza-Jasso
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue injuries are relatively common after blunt neck trauma, because of its complex anatomy, many vital structures can be compromised. Isolated trauma to the thyroid is highly uncommon and there are few cases reported in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old female patient with no known pathologies who sustained direct blunt trauma to the right frontal half of the neck after falling down from a stair case. She arrived at the ER with moderate neck swelling and pain...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Takuo Nomura, Kunihiro Katayama, Tomoyuki Kashiwa, Yoshiteru Akezaki, Atushi Sato
OBJECTIVE: This study was a long-term survey of a stair climbing campaign that made use of point-of-choice prompts aimed at achieving exemplary behavior in citizens. METHODS: The campaign began in September 2007 at the Kochi Prefectural Office. We monitored office workers who climbed the stairs or used the elevator in the prefectural office building, excluding weekends, from August 2007 through February 2009. Prompts were placed on the stair risers. A total of 59 days were monitored during the observation period...
2014: Journal of Occupational Health
Megan E Stair-Buchmann, Bruce H Ackerman, Cynthia L Reigart, Linwood R Haith, Mary L Patton, Robert E Guilday
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare immunological disorder with inexplicable white blood cell infiltration into the epidermis with necrosis and excruciating pain. Diagnosis is by exclusion which delays proper treatment. Surgical intervention often exacerbates wounds. Between 2004 and 2010, seven patients with PG were admitted to our burn treatment center (BTC). Multiple treatment modalities were used on these patients. An institutional review board-approved retrospective study investigated seven PG BTC admissions...
May 2015: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Mary R Eckhardt, Jacqueline Kerr, Wendell C Taylor
PURPOSE: This study tested the effectiveness of two point-of-decision signs to increase stair use and investigated message content by comparing signs with general and specific messages. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental time series design, including a 2-week baseline period: 2 weeks with a general message and 2 weeks with a specific message. SETTING: The signs were placed in an eight-story university building. SUBJECTS: The subjects comprised all adults entering the building...
May 2015: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ryan R Ruff, Randi Rosenblum, Sean Fischer, Hamidah Meghani, John Adamic, Karen K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Incidental forms of physical activity such as stair use offer frequent opportunities for energy expenditure and may contribute to the prevention and control of chronic diseases. This study analyzes the associations between building characteristics, stair prompts, and stair use in large urban worksites. METHODS: Bootstrapped generalized mixed models were used to analyze self-reported stair use, using data from 1348 surveys of city employees and fourteen building assessments conducted in New York City in 2012...
March 2014: Preventive Medicine
Francis D Lockie, Sarah Dalton, Ed Oakley, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: To compare head computed tomography (CT) triggers for paediatric head injury as reported by senior paediatric emergency physicians in Australia and New Zealand with triggers in published evidence-based clinical decision rules (CDRs). METHODS: A survey of CT triggers after head injury was distributed to senior emergency physicians at PREDICT (Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative) sites in Australia and New Zealand. Results were compared with recommendations for CT scans in CATCH, CHALICE and PECARN CDRs...
February 2013: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Johannes A N Dorresteijn, Yolanda van der Graaf, Kailiang Zheng, Wilko Spiering, Frank L J Visseren
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether four types of low-cost interventions in the working environment can promote the small everyday lifestyle adaptations that can halt the epidemics of obesity and hypertension when maintained long term. DESIGN: A single-blind uninterrupted time-series intervention study consisting of four study periods: run-in (2 weeks), baseline (2 weeks), intervention (2 weeks), and after intervention 2 weeks). SETTING: University Medical Centre with over 11 000 employees, over 1000 hospital beds and over 2000 customers visiting the hospital restaurant each day...
January 24, 2013: BMJ Open
Robert Alan Sloan, Benjamin Adam Haaland, Carol Leung, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
Physical inactivity is a significant contributor to worldwide mortality and morbidity associated with non-communicable diseases. An excellent avenue to incorporate lifestyle physical activity into regular routine is to encourage the use of stairs during daily commutes. We evaluated the effectiveness of point-of-decision prompts (PODPs) in promoting the use of stairs instead of the escalators in a Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station. We measured the number of stair climbers before the PODPs were put up, during the 4 weeks that they were in use, and 2 weeks after they were removed...
January 2013: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stephan von Haehling, John E Morley, Stefan D Anker
Human muscle undergoes constant changes. After about age 50, muscle mass decreases at an annual rate of 1-2 %. Muscle strength declines by 1.5 % between ages 50 and 60 and by 3 % thereafter. The reasons for these changes include denervation of motor units and a net conversion of fast type II muscle fibers into slow type I fibers with resulting loss in muscle power necessary for activities of daily living. In addition, lipids are deposited in the muscle, but these changes do not usually lead to a loss in body weight...
December 2012: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
James Houston, Rozh Jalil, Alberto Isla
Diaphragmatic rupture is a serious but frequently missed condition that is potentially curable. While surgical management has classically been performed through open thoracotomy, a laparoscopic approach has been suggested as a preferable alternative. A man in his mid-50s presented with non-specific abdominal symptoms, 8 months after falling down some stairs. Diaphragmatic rupture was suspected after old rib fractures were noticed on an admitting chest radiograph. Further signs and symptoms presented following deterioration due to the unstable pathology...
November 11, 2012: BMJ Case Reports
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