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Stair prompts

Markus Reichert, Heike Tost, Iris Reinhard, Alexander Zipf, Hans-Joachim Salize, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer
A physically active lifestyle has been related to positive health outcomes and high life expectancy, but the underlying psychological mechanisms maintaining physical activity are rarely investigated. Tremendous technological progress yielding sophisticated methodological approaches, i.e., ambulatory assessment, have recently enabled the study of these mechanisms in everyday life. In practice, accelerometers allow to continuously and objectively monitor physical activity. The combination with e-diaries makes it feasible to repeatedly assess mood states in real-time and real life and to relate them to physical activity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sebastian Arana-Garza, Marco Juarez-Parra, Jeronimo Monterrubio-Rodríguez, Enrique Cedillo-Alemán, David Orozco-Agüet, Zaire Zamudio-Vázquez, Tanya Garza-Jasso
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue injuries are relatively common after blunt neck trauma, because of its complex anatomy, many vital structures can be compromised. Isolated trauma to the thyroid is highly uncommon and there are few cases reported in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old female patient with no known pathologies who sustained direct blunt trauma to the right frontal half of the neck after falling down from a stair case. She arrived at the ER with moderate neck swelling and pain...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Takuo Nomura, Kunihiro Katayama, Tomoyuki Kashiwa, Yoshiteru Akezaki, Atushi Sato
OBJECTIVE: This study was a long-term survey of a stair climbing campaign that made use of point-of-choice prompts aimed at achieving exemplary behavior in citizens. METHODS: The campaign began in September 2007 at the Kochi Prefectural Office. We monitored office workers who climbed the stairs or used the elevator in the prefectural office building, excluding weekends, from August 2007 through February 2009. Prompts were placed on the stair risers. A total of 59 days were monitored during the observation period...
2014: Journal of Occupational Health
Megan E Stair-Buchmann, Bruce H Ackerman, Cynthia L Reigart, Linwood R Haith, Mary L Patton, Robert E Guilday
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare immunological disorder with inexplicable white blood cell infiltration into the epidermis with necrosis and excruciating pain. Diagnosis is by exclusion which delays proper treatment. Surgical intervention often exacerbates wounds. Between 2004 and 2010, seven patients with PG were admitted to our burn treatment center (BTC). Multiple treatment modalities were used on these patients. An institutional review board-approved retrospective study investigated seven PG BTC admissions...
May 2015: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Mary R Eckhardt, Jacqueline Kerr, Wendell C Taylor
PURPOSE: This study tested the effectiveness of two point-of-decision signs to increase stair use and investigated message content by comparing signs with general and specific messages. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental time series design, including a 2-week baseline period: 2 weeks with a general message and 2 weeks with a specific message. SETTING: The signs were placed in an eight-story university building. SUBJECTS: The subjects comprised all adults entering the building...
May 2015: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ryan R Ruff, Randi Rosenblum, Sean Fischer, Hamidah Meghani, John Adamic, Karen K Lee
OBJECTIVE: Incidental forms of physical activity such as stair use offer frequent opportunities for energy expenditure and may contribute to the prevention and control of chronic diseases. This study analyzes the associations between building characteristics, stair prompts, and stair use in large urban worksites. METHODS: Bootstrapped generalized mixed models were used to analyze self-reported stair use, using data from 1348 surveys of city employees and fourteen building assessments conducted in New York City in 2012...
March 2014: Preventive Medicine
Francis D Lockie, Sarah Dalton, Ed Oakley, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: To compare head computed tomography (CT) triggers for paediatric head injury as reported by senior paediatric emergency physicians in Australia and New Zealand with triggers in published evidence-based clinical decision rules (CDRs). METHODS: A survey of CT triggers after head injury was distributed to senior emergency physicians at PREDICT (Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative) sites in Australia and New Zealand. Results were compared with recommendations for CT scans in CATCH, CHALICE and PECARN CDRs...
February 2013: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Johannes A N Dorresteijn, Yolanda van der Graaf, Kailiang Zheng, Wilko Spiering, Frank L J Visseren
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether four types of low-cost interventions in the working environment can promote the small everyday lifestyle adaptations that can halt the epidemics of obesity and hypertension when maintained long term. DESIGN: A single-blind uninterrupted time-series intervention study consisting of four study periods: run-in (2 weeks), baseline (2 weeks), intervention (2 weeks), and after intervention 2 weeks). SETTING: University Medical Centre with over 11 000 employees, over 1000 hospital beds and over 2000 customers visiting the hospital restaurant each day...
January 24, 2013: BMJ Open
Robert Alan Sloan, Benjamin Adam Haaland, Carol Leung, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
Physical inactivity is a significant contributor to worldwide mortality and morbidity associated with non-communicable diseases. An excellent avenue to incorporate lifestyle physical activity into regular routine is to encourage the use of stairs during daily commutes. We evaluated the effectiveness of point-of-decision prompts (PODPs) in promoting the use of stairs instead of the escalators in a Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station. We measured the number of stair climbers before the PODPs were put up, during the 4 weeks that they were in use, and 2 weeks after they were removed...
January 2013: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Stephan von Haehling, John E Morley, Stefan D Anker
Human muscle undergoes constant changes. After about age 50, muscle mass decreases at an annual rate of 1-2 %. Muscle strength declines by 1.5 % between ages 50 and 60 and by 3 % thereafter. The reasons for these changes include denervation of motor units and a net conversion of fast type II muscle fibers into slow type I fibers with resulting loss in muscle power necessary for activities of daily living. In addition, lipids are deposited in the muscle, but these changes do not usually lead to a loss in body weight...
December 2012: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
James Houston, Rozh Jalil, Alberto Isla
Diaphragmatic rupture is a serious but frequently missed condition that is potentially curable. While surgical management has classically been performed through open thoracotomy, a laparoscopic approach has been suggested as a preferable alternative. A man in his mid-50s presented with non-specific abdominal symptoms, 8 months after falling down some stairs. Diaphragmatic rupture was suspected after old rib fractures were noticed on an admitting chest radiograph. Further signs and symptoms presented following deterioration due to the unstable pathology...
November 11, 2012: BMJ Case Reports
Ahmet Can Senel, Abdul Kadir Gunduz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The development of a retropharyngeal hematoma following a blunt trauma is a rare occurrence. However, a space-occupying lesion in this area can be life-threatening and requires rapid assessment and treatment. This is clinically important because of the close proximity of the retropharyngeal space to the upper airway. Any swelling in the the posterior pharyngeal space may prompt it to bulge anteriorly into the airway and cause its obstruction. CASE REPORT: A 86-year-old woman fell from a height of 1...
September 2012: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Amanda Louise Lewis, Frank F Eves
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: While point-of-choice prompts consistently increase stair climbing, experimental comparisons of message content are rare. Here, the effects of 2 messages differing in complexity about the health outcomes obtainable from stair climbing were compared. METHODS: In a UK train station with 2 independent platforms exited by identical 39-step staircases and adjacent escalators, observers recorded travelers ascent method and gender from 8:00 A.M. to 10:00 A...
September 2012: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Frank F Eves, Oliver J Webb, Carl Griffin, Jackie Chambers
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of lifestyle physical activity is a current aim of health promotion, with increased stair climbing one public health target. While the workplace provides an opportunity for regular stair climbing, evidence for effectiveness of point-of-choice interventions is equivocal. This paper reports a new approach to worksite interventions, aimed at changing attitudes and, hence, behaviour. METHODS: Pre-testing of calorific expenditure messages used structured interviews with members of the public (n = 300)...
June 11, 2012: BMC Public Health
Karen K Lee, Ashley S Perry, Sarah A Wolf, Reena Agarwal, Randi Rosenblum, Sean Fischer, Victoria E Grimshaw, Richard E Wener, Lynn D Silver
BACKGROUND: Although studies have demonstrated that stair prompts are associated with increased physical activity, many were conducted in low-rise buildings over a period of weeks and did not differentiate between stair climbing and descent. PURPOSE: This study evaluated the impact of a prompt across different building types, and on stair climbing versus descent over several months. METHODS: In 2008-2009, stair and elevator trips were observed and analyzed at three buildings in New York City before and after the posting of a prompt stating "Burn Calories, Not Electricity" (total observations=18,462)...
February 2012: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Amanda Lewis, Frank Eves
OBJECTIVES:   Recent interventions report positive results following a multi-component campaign to increase stair climbing. This study investigated the effectiveness of volitional and motivational components of a stair-climbing intervention in the workplace. Design.  Interrupted time-series design. METHODS:   Ascending stair/lift choices, coded by gender, were observed between 08:00-10:00 and 14:15-16:15 on weekdays, in four university buildings (n = 14,138; 46% female)...
September 2012: British Journal of Health Psychology
J Kerr, F F Eves, D Carroll
Previous research has found that poster prompts are associated with significant increases in stair use. The present study examined the use of messages on the stair risers, as an alternative to posters, to encourage stair climbing. Observers monitored shoppers' stair and escalator use over a 2-week baseline and 6-week intervention period. The prevalence of stair use increased from a baseline value of 8.1 percent to 18.3 percent when the motivating messages were in place. This increase is greater than that found in studies that used poster prompts in shopping centre venues...
September 2001: Journal of Health Psychology
Oliver J Webb, Lee Smith
OBJECTIVE: Introducing message prompts at the 'point-of-choice' (POC) between stairs and escalators increases stair choice in 'public-access' settings (e.g. malls). For nationwide campaigns, plentiful POCs appear needed. We audited the availability of POCs in public-access settings across England. METHODS: Boundaries for 25 urban areas (population=6,829,874) were verified using Ordinance Survey maps, which showed all airports and train/tram stations. Malls and bus stations were identified from commercial listings and local authority web-pages...
October 2011: Preventive Medicine
Erin Kaye Howie, Deborah Rohm Young
PURPOSE: Examine the effects of a multicomponent intervention on stair usage. DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled intervention. SETTING: Two multistory university dormitories. SUBJECTS: Total of 5711 direct observations of university dormitory residents. INTERVENTION: The 2-week "Step It UP" intervention used poster prompts and fun/competitive challenges with incentives to encourage residents to take the stairs instead of the elevators...
September 2011: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Keiko Ishigaki, Terumi Murakami, Toshio Nakanishi, Eri Oda, Takatoshi Sato, Makiko Osawa
Pompe disease is classified into infantile and late-onset (childhood and adult) forms based on onset age and degree of organ involvement. While benefits of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) for the infantile form have been confirmed, efficacy for late-onset forms reportedly varies. We report close monitoring of initial ERT, focusing especially on the first year, in a 12-year-old boy with childhood-onset Pompe disease. At age 10, he started ERT at 20 mg/kg every other week. Respiratory and motor functions were evaluated at each infusion, and by skeletal muscle computed tomography (CT) and cardiac echography every 4 months...
February 2012: Brain & Development
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