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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447471/how-does-video-interaction-guidance-contribute-to-infant-and-parental-mental-health-and-well-being
#1
Hilary Kennedy, Kevin Ball, Jane Barlow
This article describes the contribution of video interaction guidance (VIG) to the development of infant and parental and VIG practitioners' mental health and well-being. The theoretical core of VIG was depicted in terms of concepts such as intersubjectivity, attunement and mediated learning. The way the VIG principles alongside the underpinning values and beliefs promote a process of attunement between parent and infant, the VIG practitioner and parent, and the VIG practitioner and supervisor is described...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444700/fluorescence-lifetime-imaging-and-super-resolution-microscopies-shed-light-on-the-directed-and-self-assembly-of-functional-porphyrins-onto-carbon-nanotubes-and-flat-surfaces
#2
Boyang Mao, David González Calatayud, Vincenzo Mirabello, Haobo Ge, Benjamin J Hodges, Robert M J Jacobs, Ashley M Shepherd, José Alberto Ribeiro Martins, Navaratnarajah Kuganathan, Jorge Bernardino De La Serna, Stanley W Botchway, Sofia Ioana Pascu
Two new routes to functionalized SWNTs have been established using a bulky Zn(II)-porphyrin featuring thiolate groups at the periphery. We probed the optical properties of this Zinc(II)-substituted, bulky aryl porphyrin and those of the corresponding new nano-composites with single walled carbon nanotube (SWNTs) and coronene, as a model for graphene. We report hereby on: (i) the supramolecular interactions between the pristine SWNTs and Zn(II)-porphyrin by virtue of π-π stacking, and (ii) a novel covalent binding strategy based on the Bingel reaction...
April 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443864/planar-chiral-ferrocenylphosphine-borane-complexes-featuring-agostic-type-b-he-e-hg-sn-interactions
#3
Alain C Tagne Kuate, Roger A Lalancette, F Jäkle
The synthesis of ferrocenylphosphine-borane adducts 1,2-fc(E)(PPh2·BH3) (E = SnR2R', HgX; 1,2-fc = 1,2-ferrocenediyl) that are substituted with organotin or organomercury Lewis acid moieties in ortho-position is presented. Several compounds that feature two ferrocenylphosphine-borane moieties bridged by Sn or Hg are also introduced. The products are fully characterized by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, high-resolution MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. The attachment of the Lewis acid substituent to the same Cp ring of the ferrocene results in planar-chirality and the close proximity between the boron hydride group and the Lewis acid is expected to allow for agostic-type B-HE (E = Sn, Hg) interactions...
April 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439261/interaction-of-bacterial-membrane-vesicles-with-specific-species-and-their-potential-for-delivery-to-target-cells
#4
Yosuke Tashiro, Yusuke Hasegawa, Masaki Shintani, Kotaro Takaki, Moriya Ohkuma, Kazuhide Kimbara, Hiroyuki Futamata
Membrane vesicles (MVs) are secreted from a wide range of microbial species and transfer their content to other cells. Although MVs play critical roles in bacterial communication, whether MVs selectively interact with bacterial cells in microbial communities is unclear. In this study, we investigated the specificity of the MV-cell interactions and evaluated the potential of MVs to target bacterial cells for delivery. MV association with bacterial cells was examined using a fluorescent membrane dye to label MVs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431536/-popping-nana-back-into-bed-a-qualitative-exploration-of-paramedic-decision-making-when-caring-for-older-people-who-have-fallen
#5
Paul Simpson, Ric Thomas, Jason Bendall, Bill Lord, Stephen Lord, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND: Older fallers constitute a large proportion of ambulance work, and as many as 25% are not transported to hospital following paramedic assessment. The objective of this study was to explore the decision making process used by paramedics when caring for older fallers. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using constructivist grounded theory methodology. Purposive sampling was used to recruit paramedics to participate in semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423280/does-nitrogen-lone-pair-lead-to-two-centered-three-electrons-2c-3e-interactions-in-pyridyl-radical-isomers
#6
Chitranjan Sah, Lilit Jacob, Mayank Saraswat, Sugumar Venkataramani
Each of the three isomeric pyridyl radicals (2-, 3- and 4-dehydropyridines) contains a lone pair and an unpaired electron. As a result, a potential two centered - three electron interaction between the radical electron and the lone pair through space (TS) and/or through bond (TB) can exist that may influence the stability of the radicals. Due to the change in geometrical positions relative to each other the strength of interaction can be varied. In this study, we investigated the structural and stability aspects of pyridyl radical isomers with a major emphasis on the interaction of nitrogen lone pair with the radical center...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421026/keeping-the-spirits-up-the-effect-of-teachers-and-parents-emotional-support-on-children-s-working-memory-performance
#7
Loren Vandenbroucke, Jantine Spilt, Karine Verschueren, Dieter Baeyens
Working memory, used to temporarily store and mentally manipulate information, is important for children's learning. It is therefore valuable to understand which (contextual) factors promote or hinder working memory performance. Recent research shows positive associations between positive parent-child and teacher-student interactions and working memory performance and development. However, no study has yet experimentally investigated how parents and teachers affect working memory performance. Based on attachment theory, the current study investigated the role of parent and teacher emotional support in promoting working memory performance by buffering the negative effect of social stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414511/change-in-attachment-predicts-change-in-emotion-regulation-particularly-among-5-httlpr-short-allele-homozygotes
#8
Kristine Rensvik Viddal, Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen, Jay Belsky, Lars Wichstrøm
In view of the theory that the attachment relationship provides a foundation for the development of emotion regulation, here, we evaluated (a) whether change in attachment security from 4 to 6 years predicts change in emotion regulation from 6 to 8 years and (b) whether 5-HTTLPR moderates this relation in a Norwegian community sample (n = 678, 99.7% Caucasian). Attachment was measured with the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, and teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist. Attachment security was modestly stable, with children becoming more secure over time...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#9
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412510/empathy-networks-in-the-parental-brain-and-their-long-term-effects-on-children-s-stress-reactivity-and-behavior-adaptation
#10
Eyal Abraham, Gal Raz, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Parental empathy is a key component of sensitive parenting that supports children's social adaptation throughout life. Consistent with a two dissociable network perspective on empathy, we measured within- and between-network integrity of two empathy-related networks in the parental brain as predictors of children's social outcomes across the first six years of life. We focused on two empathy networks; embodied simulation, which supports parents' capacity to resonate with infant state and emotions and implicates cingulo-insulary structures, and mentalizing, which underpins parents' theory-of-mind and mental attributions via prefrontal-temporo-parietal circuit...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#11
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402115/hole-transfer-processes-in-meta-and-para-conjugated-mixed-valence-compounds-unforeseen-effects-of-bridge-substituents-and-solvent-dynamics
#12
Julian Schäfer, Marco Holzapfel, Boryana Mladenova, Daniel Kattnig, Ivo Krummenacher, Holger Braunschweig, Günter Grampp, Christoph Lambert
To address the question whether donor substituents can be utilized to accelerate the hole transfer (HT) between redox sites attached in para- or in meta-positions to a central benzene bridge, we investigated three series of mixed valence compounds based on triarylamine redox centers that are connected to a benzene bridge via alkyne spacers at para- and meta-positions. The electron density at the bridge was tuned by substituents with different electron donating or accepting character. By analyzing optical spectra and by DFT computations we show that the HT properties are independent of bridge substituents for one of the meta-series, while donor substituents can strongly decrease the intrinsic barrier in the case of the para-series...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402069/anorexia-nervosa-theory-and-treatment-where-are-we-35%C3%A2-years-on-from-hilde-bruch-s-foundation-lecture
#13
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Valentina Cardi
Hilde Bruch's foundation lecture in 1982 is a milestone from which to survey current theory and treatment for anorexia nervosa. Bruch described problems in body perception, emotion processing and interpersonal relationships as core theoretical aspects of the illness and built her theory of psychopathology on these aspects, as well as on animal studies on attachment. She also noted that many psychological problems result as consequence of starvation. In the first part of this paper, we parse Bruch's clinical descriptions into elements of psychopathology (disturbances in body perception, attachment, emotion expression, perception and regulation, social comparison, interpersonal, and family and therapeutic relationships), in order to assemble and update the theoretical evidence for a model of the illness...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401832/attachment-in-young-children-with-incarcerated-fathers
#14
Julie Poehlmann-Tynan, Cynthia Burnson, Hilary Runion, Lindsay A Weymouth
The present study examined young children's attachment behaviors during paternal incarceration and reported on initial validity of a new measure used to rate children's attachment-related behaviors and emotions during visits in a corrections setting. Seventy-seven children, age 2 to 6 years, and their jailed fathers and current caregivers participated in the home visit portion of the study, whereas 28 of these children participated in the jail visit. The results indicated that 27% of children witnessed the father's crime and 22% of children witnessed the father's arrest, with most children who witnessed these events exhibiting extreme distress; children who witnessed these events were more likely to have insecure attachments to their caregivers...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394598/low-energy-electron-interaction-with-melatonin-and-related-compounds
#15
Stanislav A Pshenichnyuk, Alberto Modelli, Derek Jones, Eleonora F Lazneva, Alexei S Komolov
The electron attaching properties and fragmentation of temporary negative ions of melatonin and its biosynthetic precursor tryptophan are studied in vacuo using dissociative electron attachment (DEA) spectroscopy. The experimental findings are interpreted in silico with the support of Hartree-Fock and density functional theory calculations of empty orbital energies and symmetries, and evaluation of the electron affinities of the indolic molecules under investigation. The only fragment anions formed by DEA to melatonin at incident electron energies below 2 eV are associated with the elimination of a hydrogen atom (energetically favored from the NH site of the pyrrole ring, leaving the ring intact) or a CH3(·) radical from the temporary molecular negative ion...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385683/the-multimodal-assessment-of-adult-attachment-security-developing-the-biometric-attachment-test
#16
Federico Parra, Raphaële Miljkovitch, Gwenaelle Persiaux, Michelle Morales, Stefan Scherer
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory has been proven essential for mental health, including psychopathology, development, and interpersonal relationships. Validated psychometric instruments to measure attachment abound but suffer from shortcomings common to traditional psychometrics. Recent developments in multimodal fusion and machine learning pave the way for new automated and objective psychometric instruments for adult attachment that combine psychophysiological, linguistic, and behavioral analyses in the assessment of the construct...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384309/-if-i-had-stayed-back-home-i-would-not-be-alive-any-more%C3%A2-exploring-end-of-life-preferences-in-patients-with-migration-background
#17
Piret Paal, Johannes Bükki
BACKGROUND: In patients with life-limiting conditions and a history of migration, a higher risk of not dying at home and limited access to palliative care services has been reported. AIM: To explore the views and end-of-life preferences of patients with a migration history in Germany and to identify migration specific themes. DESIGN: Two-armed study using Kaufmann's 'understanding interview' ('focused interview') method and grounded theory approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380273/probing-effect-of-salinity-and-ph-on-surface-interactions-between-air-bubbles-and-hydrophobic-solids-implications-on-colloidal-assembly-at-air-water-interface
#18
Xin Cui, Chen Shi, Shuo Zhang, Lei Xie, Jing Liu, Dazhi Jiang, Hongbo Zeng
In this work, bubble probe atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to quantify the interactions between two air bubbles and between an air bubble and an octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)-hydrophobized mica under various aqueous conditions. The key parameters (e.g. surface potentials, decay length of hydrophobic attraction) were obtained by analyzing the measured forces through a theoretical model based on Reynolds lubrication theory and augmented Young-Laplace equation by including effect of disjoining pressure...
April 5, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373388/rayleigh-taylor-instability-in-soft-elastic-layers
#19
D Riccobelli, P Ciarletta
This work investigates the morphological stability of a soft body composed of two heavy elastic layers attached to a rigid surface and subjected only to the bulk gravity force. Using theoretical and computational tools, we characterize the selection of different patterns as well as their nonlinear evolution, unveiling the interplay between elastic and geometric effects for their formation. Unlike similar gravity-induced shape transitions in fluids, such as the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, we prove that the nonlinear elastic effects saturate the dynamic instability of the bifurcated solutions, displaying a rich morphological diagram where both digitations and stable wrinkling can emerge...
May 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369929/the-plantar-calcaneal-spur-a-review-of-anatomy-histology-etiology-and-key-associations
#20
REVIEW
Joshua Kirkpatrick, Omid Yassaie, Seyed Ali Mirjalili
The plantar calcaneal spur (PCS) is a bony outgrowth from the calcaneal tuberosity and has been studied using various methods including cadavers, radiography, histology and surgery. However, there are currently a number of discrepancies in the literature regarding the anatomical relations, histological descriptions and clinical associations of PCS. Historically, authors have described the intrinsic muscles of the foot and/or the plantar fascia as attaching to the PCS. In this article we review the relationship between the PCS and surrounding soft tissues as well as examining the histology of the PCS...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
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