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Attachment theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#1
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231490/-discussing-the-relationship-among-the-ashi-point-tender-point-and-myofascial-trigger-point
#2
Decheng Chen, Guanhu Yang, Fuchun Wang, Wei Qi
The conception and the history of ashi point, tender point and myofascial trigger point are described in the paper. All of three kinds of point are the reaction of musculoskeletal pain and visceral diseases. Theoretically, ashi point originates from the theory of muscle region of meridian, tender point from the theory of soft tissue and muscles and myofascial trigger point from the theory of muscular fasciae. Anatomically, ashi point is localized in the muscle region of meridian, on the boundary between muscles, tender point is on the muscular attachment to skeleton (the starting and ending points) and myofascial trigger point is on the motor point of neuromuscles...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229220/relationship-between-attachment-style-and-symptom-severity-across-the-psychosis-spectrum-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Sarah Christina Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
There is growing evidence for the role of attachment in psychosis, however, to date there has been no quantitative review of the prevalence of insecure attachment in psychosis. The current study sought to systematically appraise studies investigating the prevalence of insecure attachment and the association with psychosis-spectrum experiences using meta-analytic techniques. A systematic search of studies carried out between January 1980 and 30th November 2015 found 25 papers eligible for inclusion. The meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of insecure attachment style was significantly higher in individuals with psychosis (76%) than in non-clinical samples (38%), with fearful attachment being the most prevalent...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#4
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220705/therapeutic-landscapes-and-longevity-wellness-tourism-in-bama
#6
Liyuan Huang, Honggang Xu
Due to the rising demand for healthcare products and concern over environmental pollution, wellness tourism has been booming in China in recent years. The therapeutic landscape theory provides a multi-scale interpretation of wellness tourism to explore how wellness tourists achieve health in healing places. By presenting the results of 83 interviews conducted in Bama, China, this study reveals that the "longevity village" Bama, endorsed by centenarians, provides a retreat that combines natural beauty and a harmonious neighbourhood for wellness tourists...
November 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219098/analyzing-implementation-dynamics-using-theory-driven-evaluation-principles-lessons-learnt-from-a-south-african-centralized-chronic-dispensing-model
#7
Bvudzai Priscilla Magadzire, Bruno Marchal, Tania Mathys, Richard O Laing, Kim Ward
BACKGROUND: Centralized dispensing of essential medicines is one of South Africa's strategies to address the shortage of pharmacists, reduce patients' waiting times and reduce over-crowding at public sector healthcare facilities. This article reports findings of an evaluation of the Chronic Dispensing Unit (CDU) in one province. The objectives of this process evaluation were to: (1) compare what was planned versus the actual implementation and (2) establish the causal elements and contextual factors influencing implementation...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209752/-addiction-as-an-attachment-disorder
#8
REVIEW
H F Unterrainer, M Hiebler-Ragger, L Rogen, H P Kapfhammer
BACKGROUND: There is no commonly accepted model for describing the development and treatment of substance use disorders (SUD); however, over several decades the attachment theory has represented an important basis for the clinical handling of SUD. This study gives a systematic review of empirical studies regarding the relationship between SUD and disorders of attachment behavior. OBJECTIVE: Is there a positive relationship between disorders of attachment behavior and the presence of SUD? METHOD: Various databases (PsychInfo, Web of Science, PubMed) were systematically searched in order to pinpoint relevant studies in books and articles published in English or German...
December 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206485/structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-adult-romantic-attachment
#9
Jacob S Gray, William L Dunlop
Romantic attachment is a popular theory for explaining affect, cognition, and behavior in romantic contexts. This popularity has led to a surge of self-report measures assessing dimensions of attachment. In this study, we considered the ability of 2 common attachment measures, the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ) and the Experience in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), to replicate the avoidant and anxious attachment factors. We also determined the degree of measurement invariance across, and mean differences between, genders and single and nonsingle individuals...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206309/a-direct-proof-of-the-resonance-impaired-hydrogen-bond-rihb-concept
#10
Xuhui Lin, Wei Wu, Yirong Mo
The concept of resonance-enhanced hydrogen bond (RAHB) has been widely accepted and applied as it highlights the positive impact of π conjugation on intramolecular H-bonds. However, electron delocalization is directional and there is a possibility that π resonance goes from the H-bond acceptor to the H-bond donor, leading to a negative impact on H-bonds. Here we used the block-localized wavefunction (BLW) method which is a variant of ab initio valence bond (VB) theory and able to derive strictly electron-localized structures self-consistently, to quantify the interplay between H-bond and π resonance in the terms of geometry, energetics and spectral properties...
December 5, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206238/site-level-progression-of-periodontal-disease-during-a-follow-up-period
#11
Yoshiaki Nomura, Toshiya Morozumi, Taneaki Nakagawa, Tsutomu Sugaya, Masamitsu Kawanami, Fumihiko Suzuki, Keiso Takahashi, Yuzo Abe, Soh Sato, Asako Makino-Oi, Atsushi Saito, Satomi Takano, Masato Minabe, Yohei Nakayama, Yorimasa Ogata, Hiroaki Kobayashi, Yuichi Izumi, Naoyuki Sugano, Koichi Ito, Satoshi Sekino, Yukihiro Numabe, Chie Fukaya, Nobuo Yoshinari, Mitsuo Fukuda, Toshihide Noguchi, Tomoo Kono, Makoto Umeda, Osamu Fujise, Fusanori Nishimura, Atsutoshi Yoshimura, Yoshitaka Hara, Toshiaki Nakamura, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Erika Kakuta, Nobuhiro Hanada, Shogo Takashiba, Yasuharu Amitani, Hiromasa Yoshie
Periodontal disease is assessed and its progression is determined via observations on a site-by-site basis. Periodontal data are complex and structured in multiple levels; thus, applying a summary statistical approach (i.e., the mean) for site-level evaluations results in loss of information. Previous studies have shown the availability of mixed effects modeling. However, clinically beneficial information on the progression of periodontal disease during the follow-up period is not available. We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205174/numerical-implementation-of-magneto-acousto-electric-tomography-maet-using-a-linear-phased-array-transducer
#12
Mehmet Soner Gözü, Reyhan Zengin, Nevzat Guneri Gencer
In this study, the performance and implementation of magneto-acousto-electric tomography (MAET) is investigated using a linear phased array (LPA) transducer. The goal of MAET is to image the conductivity distribution in biological bodies. It uses the interaction between ultrasound and a static magnetic field to generate velocity current density distribution inside the body. The resultant voltage due to velocity current density is sensed by surface electrodes attached on the body. In this study, the theory of MAET is reviewed...
December 5, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204276/the-mediating-role-of-mentalizing-capacity-between-parents-and-peer-attachment-and-adolescent-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Emma Beck, Carla Sharp, Stig Poulsen, Sune Bo, Jesper Pedersen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Insecure attachment is a precursor and correlate of borderline personality disorder. According to the mentalization-based theory of borderline personality disorder, the presence of insecure attachment derails the development of the capacity to mentalize, potentially resulting in borderline pathology. While one prior study found support for this notion in adolescents, it neglected a focus on peer attachment. Separation from primary caregivers and formation of stronger bonds to peers are key developmental achievements during adolescence and peer attachment warrants attention as a separate concept...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201245/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-mindfulness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jodie C Stevenson, Lisa-Marie Emerson, Abigail Millings
Mindfulness can be measured as an individual trait, which varies between individuals. In recent years, research has investigated the overlap between trait mindfulness and attachment. The aim of the present review and meta-analysis was to investigate the current evidence linking adult attachment dimensions to trait mindfulness dimensions, and to quantitatively synthesize these findings using meta-analyses. A systematic literature search was conducted using five scientific databases of which, upon review, 33 articles met inclusion criteria...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199295/computational-investigations-of-electronic-structure-modifications-of-ferrocene-terminated-self-assembled-monolayers-effects-of-electron-donating-withdrawing-functional-groups-attached-on-the-ferrocene-moiety
#15
Yasuyuki Yokota, Sumito Akiyama, Yukio Kaneda, Akihito Imanishi, Kouji Inagaki, Yoshitada Morikawa, Ken-Ichi Fukui
The electrochemical properties of chemically modified electrodes have long been a significant focus of research. Although the electronic states are directly related to the electrochemical properties, there have been only limited systematic efforts to reveal the electronic structures of adsorbed redox molecules with respect to the local environment of the redox center. In this study, density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed for ferrocene-terminated self-assembled monolayers with different electron-donating abilities, which can be regarded as the simplest class of chemically modified electrodes...
December 4, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193240/intracranial-fetus-in-fetu-with-numerous-fully-developed-organs
#16
Kuntharee Traisrisilp, Kasemsri Srisupundit, Songkiet Suwansirikul, Thunya Norasetthada, Shanika Kosarat, Theera Tongsong
Fetus in fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare anomaly featuring a monozygotic, diamniotic, parasitic twin, enclosed within its host twin. It is characterized by the presence of vertebrae and well-developed organs in a fetiform mass. Only 18 cases of intracranial FIF have been published. Of them, only five cases were prenatally detected. This study prenatally demonstrated triplet FIFs at 31 weeks within amniotic-like sac in the fetal skull, consisting of multiple well-defined organs. The FIF attached to the host twin via body stalk containing a single main feeding artery and vein, representing umbilical vessels...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189036/identity-specific-motivation-how-distinct-identities-direct-self-regulation-across-distinct-situations
#17
Alexander S Browman, Mesmin Destin, Daniel C Molden
Research on self-regulation has traditionally emphasized that people's thoughts and actions are guided by either (a) domain-general motivations that emerge from a cumulative history of life experiences, or (b) situation-specific motivations that emerge in immediate response to the incentives present in a particular context. However, more recent studies have illustrated the importance of understanding the interplay between such domain-general and situation-specific motivations across the types of contexts people regularly encounter...
December 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185121/acetylene-chain-reaction-on-hydrogenated-boron-nitride-monolayers-a-density-functional-theory-study
#18
R Ponce-Pérez, Gregorio H Cocoletzi, Noboru Takeuchi
Spin-polarized first-principles total-energy calculations have been performed to investigate the possible chain reaction of acetylene molecules mediated by hydrogen abstraction on hydrogenated hexagonal boron nitride monolayers. Calculations have been done within the periodic density functional theory (DFT), employing the PBE exchange correlation potential, with van der Waals corrections (vdW-DF). Reactions at two different sites have been considered: hydrogen vacancies on top of boron and on top of nitrogen atoms...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175258/breastfeeding-initiation-an-in-depth-qualitative-analysis-of-the-perspectives-of-women-and-midwives-using-social-cognitive-theory
#19
M E Edwards, R G Jepson, R J McInnes
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's and midwives' expectations, knowledge and experiences of breastfeeding initiation using Social Cognitive Theory. DESIGN: a qualitative study using focus group discussions and individual interviews. Breastfeeding initiation was defined for this study as a process within the first 48hours after birth. Data were analysed using qualitative inductive analysis then further deductive analysis using Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a purposefully selected sample of primigravid antenatal and postnatal women (n=18) and practising midwives (n=18) from one Health Board area in Scotland...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172815/-modelling-a-secure-base-for-women-with-complex-needs-attachment-based-interventions-used-by-perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-clinicians
#20
Karen A Myors, Michelle Cleary, Maree Johnson, Virginia Schmied
Infant well-being is intrinsically linked to maternal physical and emotional well-being. Internationally health services have implemented policies to identify women at risk of mental health problems and developed effective care pathways. The aim of this paper is to describe how perinatal and infant mental health clinicians perceive their role and the attachment-based interventions they use in their work. The study comes from a larger mixed methods study, which examined two specialist perinatal and infant mental health services in New South Wales (Australia)...
November 27, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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