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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729557/antifungal-treatment-of-wild-amphibian-populations-caused-a-transient-reduction-in-the-prevalence-of-the-fungal-pathogen-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis
#1
Corina C Geiger, Cindy Bregnard, Elodie Maluenda, Maarten J Voordouw, Benedikt R Schmidt
Emerging infectious diseases can drive host populations to extinction and are a major driver of biodiversity loss. Controlling diseases and mitigating their impacts is therefore a priority for conservation science and practice. Chytridiomycosis is a devastating disease of amphibians that is caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), and for which there is an urgent need to develop mitigation methods. We treated tadpoles of the common midwife toad (Alytes obstetricans) with antifungal agents using a capture-treat-release approach in the field...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722784/the-universal-collaborative-dynamic-model-of-specialist-and-advanced-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-a-way-forward
#2
Laserina O'Connor, Mary Casey, Rita Smith, Gerard Michael Fealy, Denise O' Brien, Denise O'Leary, Diarmuid Stokes, Martin S McNamara, Mary Ellen Glasgow, Andrew Cashin
BACKGROUND: There is a sizable body of empirical literature supporting the unique contributions of specialist and advanced practice roles to health care. However, there is very little international evidence to inform the integration of a future model for advanced or specialist practice in the Irish health care system. AIM: The aim of this study was to inform and guide the development of a future model of specialist and advanced nursing and midwifery practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to initiate this important area of inquiry...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716434/training-midwives-to-perform-basic-obstetric-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-rural-areas-using-a-tablet-platform-and-mobile-phone-transmission-technology-a-wfumb-coe-project
#3
Sudhir Vinayak, Joyce Sande, Harvey Nisenbaum, Christian Pállson Nolsøe
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become a topical subject and can be applied in a variety of ways with differing outcomes. The cost of all diagnostic procedures including obstetric ultrasound examinations is a major factor in the developing world and POCUS is only useful if it can be equated to good outcomes at a lower cost than a routine obstetric examination. The aim of this study was to assess a number of processes including accuracy of images and reports generated by midwives, performance of a tablet-sized ultrasound scanner, training of midwives to complete ultrasounds, teleradiology solution transmissions of images via internet, review of images by a radiologist, communication between midwife and radiologist, use of this technique to identify high-risk patients and improvement of the education and teleradiology model components...
July 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711398/comprehensive-maternity-support-and-shared-care-in-switzerland-comparison-of-levels-of-satisfaction
#4
Lucia Floris, Olivier Irion, Jocelyne Bonnet, Maria-Pia Politis Mercier, Claire de Labrusse
BACKGROUND: According to the woman-centred care model, continuous care by a midwife has a positive impact on satisfaction. Comprehensive support is a model of team midwifery care implemented in the large Geneva University Hospitals in Switzerland, which has organised shared care according to the biomedical model of practice. This model of care insures a follow up by a specific group of midwives, during perinatal period. AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate the satisfaction and outcomes of the obstetric and neonatal care of women who received comprehensive support during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period, and compare them to women who received shared care...
July 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710223/sociodemographic-differences-in-women-s-experience-of-early-labour-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's experiences of early labour care focusing on sociodemographic differences, and to examine the effect of antenatal education, using mixed methods. SETTING: England, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Women who completed postal questionnaires about their experience of maternity care, including questions about antenatal education, early labour and sociodemographic factors, included space for free-text comments. OUTCOME MEASURES: Worries about labour, contact with midwives in early labour and subsequent care...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709778/midwives-personal-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-influences-their-recommendations-to-women-experiencing-a-post-date-pregnancy
#6
Lyndall Mollart, Virginia Skinner, Jon Adams, Maralyn Foureur
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) have increasingly been used by pregnant women with a steady rise in interest by midwives. Literature describing CAM and self-help options midwives recommend to women experiencing a post-date pregnancy is sparse. This study aimed to investigate if Australian midwives' personal CAM use impacts on discussions and recommendations of CAM/Self-help strategies. METHODOLOGY/DESIGN: A survey of a national midwifery association midwifery members (n=3,552) was undertaken at a midwifery conference (October 2015) and via e-bulletins (November 2015-March 2016)...
July 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705146/satisfaction-with-caregivers-during-labour-among-low-risk-women-in-the-netherlands-the-association-with-planned-place-of-birth-and-transfer-of-care-during-labour
#7
Caroline C Geerts, Jeroen van Dillen, Trudy Klomp, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Ank de Jonge
BACKGROUND: The caregiver has an important influence on women's birth experiences. When transfer of care during labour is necessary, care is handed over from one caregiver to the other, and this might influence satisfaction with care. It is speculated that satisfaction with care is affected in particular for women who need to be transferred from home to hospital. We examined the level of satisfaction with the caregiver among women with planned home versus planned hospital birth in midwife-led care...
July 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693447/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-midwife-psycho-education-for-fearful-pregnant-women-a-health-system-perspective-for-the-antenatal-period
#8
J Toohill, E Callander, J Gamble, D K Creedy, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Psycho-education can reduce childbirth fear and caesarean section numbers. This study determines the cost-effectiveness of a midwife-led psycho-education intervention for women fearful of birth. METHOD: One thousand four hundred ten pregnant women in south-east Queensland, Australia were screened for childbirth fear (W-DEQ A ≥ 66). Women with high scores (n = 339) were randomised to the BELIEF Study (Birth Emotions and Looking to Improve Expectant Fear) to receive psycho-education (n = 170) at 24 and 34 weeks of pregnancy or to the control group (n = 169)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686808/integrating-a-nurse-midwife-led-oral-health-intervention-into-centeringpregnancy-prenatal-care-results-of-a-pilot-study
#9
Sally H Adams, Steven E Gregorich, Sharon S Rising, Margaret Hutchison, Lisa H Chung
INTRODUCTION: National and professional organizations recommend oral health promotion in prenatal care to improve women's oral health. However, few prenatal programs include education about oral health promotion. The objective of this study was to determine if women receiving a brief, low-cost, and sustainable educational intervention entitled CenteringPregnancy Oral Health Promotion had clinically improved oral health compared to women receiving standard CenteringPregnancy care. METHODS: Women attending CenteringPregnancy, a group prenatal care model, at 4 health centers in the San Francisco Bay Area, participated in this nonrandomized controlled pilot study in 2010 to 2011...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684046/improving-psychoeducation-for-women-fearful-of-childbirth-evaluation-of-a-research-translation-project
#10
Jennifer Fenwick, Jocelyn Toohill, Valerie Slavin, Debra K Creedy, Jenny Gamble
BACKGROUND: Psychoeducation counselling delivered by midwives has been demonstrated to reduce maternal fear and improve women's confidence for birth. Translating the evidence in practice presents challenges. A systematic approach to the implementation of evidence and evaluation of this process can improve knowledge translation. AIM: To implement and evaluate the translation of psychoeducation counselling on (1) midwives' knowledge, skills and confidence to provide the counselling; (2) perceived barriers and enablers to embedding the psychoeducation counselling in practice; and (3) pregnant women's levels of fear...
July 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679415/classification-of-caesarean-section-and-normal-vaginal-deliveries-using-foetal-heart-rate-signals-and-advanced-machine-learning-algorithms
#11
Paul Fergus, Abir Hussain, Dhiya Al-Jumeily, De-Shuang Huang, Nizar Bouguila
BACKGROUND: Visual inspection of cardiotocography traces by obstetricians and midwives is the gold standard for monitoring the wellbeing of the foetus during antenatal care. However, inter- and intra-observer variability is high with only a 30% positive predictive value for the classification of pathological outcomes. This has a significant negative impact on the perinatal foetus and often results in cardio-pulmonary arrest, brain and vital organ damage, cerebral palsy, hearing, visual and cognitive defects and in severe cases, death...
July 6, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676965/associations-between-mistreatment-by-a-provider-during-childbirth-and-maternal-health-complications-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#12
Anita Raj, Arnab Dey, Sabrina Boyce, Aparna Seth, Siddhartha Bora, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Katherine Hay, Kultar Singh, Arup Kumar Das, Amit Chakraverty, Aparajita Ramakrishnan, Mrunal Shetye, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G Silverman
Objectives This study assesses associations between mistreatment by a provider during childbirth and maternal complications in Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods Cross-sectional survey data were collected from women (N = 2639) who had delivered at 68 public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, participating in a quality of care study. Participants were recruited from April to July 2015 and surveyed on demographics, mistreatment during childbirth (measure developed for this study, Cronbach's alpha = 0.70), and maternal health complications...
July 4, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673344/the-association-of-health-insurance-with-institutional-delivery-and-access-to-skilled-birth-attendants-evidence-from-the-kenya-demographic-and-health-survey-2008-09
#13
Lawrence P O Were, Edwin Were, Richard Wamai, Joseph Hogan, Omar Galarraga
BACKGROUND: Healthcare financing through health insurance is gaining traction as developing countries strive to achieve universal health coverage and address the limited access to critical health services for specific populations including pregnant women and their children. However, these reforms are taking place despite limited evaluation of impact of health insurance on maternal health in developing countries including Kenya. In this study we evaluate the association of health insurance with access and utilization of obstetric delivery health services for pregnant women in Kenya...
July 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670202/conceptualising-a-model-to-guide-nursing-and-midwifery-in-the-community-guided-by-an-evidence-review
#14
Patricia Leahy-Warren, Helen Mulcahy, Lazelle Benefield, Colin Bradley, Alice Coffey, Ann Donohoe, Serena Fitzgerald, Tim Frawley, Elizabeth Healy, Maria Healy, Marcella Kelly, Bernard McCarthy, Kathleen McLoughlin, Catherine Meagher, Rhona O'Connell, Aoife O'Mahony, Gillian Paul, Amanda Phelan, Diarmuid Stokes, Jessica Walsh, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: Successful models of nursing and midwifery in the community delivering healthcare throughout the lifespan and across a health and illness continuum are limited, yet necessary to guide global health services. Primary and community health services are the typical points of access for most people and the location where most care is delivered. The scope of primary healthcare is complex and multifaceted and therefore requires a practice framework with sound conceptual and theoretical underpinnings...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656824/fifty-seven-years-and-counting%C3%A2
#15
(no author information available yet)
Sally Jorden is a Macmillan breast care nurse at Southend General Hospital in Essex. After completing her nurse training in 1960, she worked as a midwife, health visitor, staff nurse, night sister and ward sister. Now aged 74, she has been a nurse for 57 years, and set up the first breast care nurse service for Macmillan at Basildon hospital in 1994.
June 28, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655602/the-journey-from-pain-to-power-a-meta-ethnography-on-women-s-experiences-of-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean
#16
REVIEW
Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah Grace Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth after caesarean can be a safe and satisfying option for many women who have had a previous caesarean, yet rates of vaginal birth after caesarean remain low in the majority of countries. Exploring women's experiences of vaginal birth after caesarean can improve health practitioners' understanding of the factors that facilitate or hinder women in the journey to have a vaginal birth after caesarean. METHODS: This paper reports on a meta-ethnographic review of 20 research papers exploring women's experience of vaginal birth after caesarean in a variety of birth locations...
June 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643665/sonographic-landmarks-to-differentiate-false-labor-and-early-true-labor-as-a-possible-new-application-of-ultrasound-in-labor-ward
#17
A Bouzid, M Kehila, H Trabelsi, H S Abouda, R Ben Hmid, M B Chanoufi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate discrimination of clinical parameters and ultrasound examination to differentiate "false labor" and "true labor". METHODS: In a prospective study during a period of 6 months, a total of 178 patients in term (37-41 weeks) consulting our obstetric unit for uterine contraction, were enrolled. Patients were examined separately by a midwife and a resident and separated into "true labor group" and "false labor group". The clinical characteristics of true versus false labor patients were compared...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637428/quality-of-care-provided-in-two-scottish-rural-community-maternity-units-a-retrospective-case-review
#18
Sara Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Ruth Taylor
BACKGROUND: Women in Scotland with uncomplicated pregnancies are encouraged by professional bodies and national guidelines to access community based models of midwife-led care for their labour and birth. The evidence base for these guidelines relates to comparisons of predominantly urban birth settings in England. There appears to be little evidence available about the quality of the care during the antenatal, birth and post birth periods available for women within the Scottish Community Maternity Unit (CMU) model...
June 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624665/protecting-the-public-an-investigation-of-midwives-perceptions-of-regulation-and-the-regulator
#19
Jacqueline Wier
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the perceptions of a group of midwifery registrants about the influence of regulation and the regulatory body, the Nursing and Midwifery Council, on the practice of midwives in the United Kingdom DESIGN: quantitative and qualitative research using an online survey and semi-structured interviews SETTING: The South East of England, which covers both urban and rural practice settings. PARTICIPANTS: (a) 132 (n=70%) midwives responded to the online survey, and (b) 20 midwives participated in the semi-structured interviews FINDINGS: midwives were generally supportive of the need to regulate practice; however, some participants had an uneasy relationship with the Nursing and Midwifery Council and claimed to practice defensively, due to a fear that they could be removed from the register, and believed the regulator to be remote and punitive...
June 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624364/decision-making-in-swiss-home-like-childbirth-a-grounded-theory-study
#20
Yvonne Meyer, Franziska Frank, Franziska Schläppy Muntwyler, Valerie Fleming, Jessica Pehlke-Milde
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in midwifery, including a claim for shared decision-making between midwives and women, is of major significance for the health of mother and child. Midwives have little information about how to share decision-making responsibilities with women, especially when complications arise during birth. AIM: To increase understanding of decision-making in complex home-like birth settings by exploring midwives' and women's perspectives and to develop a dynamic model integrating participatory processes for making shared decisions...
June 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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