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Obesity uk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644851/comorbidities-in-the-diseasome-are-more-apparent-than-real-what-bayesian-filtering-reveals-about-the-comorbidities-of-depression
#1
Peter Marx, Peter Antal, Bence Bolgar, Gyorgy Bagdy, Bill Deakin, Gabriella Juhasz
Comorbidity patterns have become a major source of information to explore shared mechanisms of pathogenesis between disorders. In hypothesis-free exploration of comorbid conditions, disease-disease networks are usually identified by pairwise methods. However, interpretation of the results is hindered by several confounders. In particular a very large number of pairwise associations can arise indirectly through other comorbidity associations and they increase exponentially with the increasing breadth of the investigated diseases...
June 23, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641372/comparison-of-sociodemographic-and-health-related-characteristics-of-uk-biobank-participants-with-the-general-population
#2
Anna Fry, Thomas J Littlejohns, Cathie Sudlow, Nicola Doherty, Ligia Adamska, Tim Sprosen, Rory Collins, Naomi E Allen
UK Biobank is a population-based cohort of 500,000 participants recruited between 2006 and 2010. Approximately 9.2 million individuals aged 40-69 years who lived within 25 miles of the 22 assessment centres in England, Wales and Scotland were invited, and 5.4% participated in the baseline assessment. The representativeness of the UK Biobank cohort was investigated by comparing demographic characteristics between non-responders and responders. Sociodemographic, physical, lifestyle and health-related characteristics of the cohort were compared with nationally representative data sources...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#3
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637644/does-attendance-at-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-women-with-class-iii-obesity-compared-with-standard-care-a-retrospective-case-note-analysis
#4
Fiona C Denison, Heather MacGregor, Laura I Stirrat, Kerrie Stevenson, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether attendance at a specialised multidisciplinary antenatal clinic for women with class III obesity (BMI >40 kg/m(2)) is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with standard antenatal care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from electronic patient record. SETTING: Community and hospital based antenatal care. PARTICIPANTS: Women with a singleton pregnancy with class III obesity booked for antenatal care and delivered in one of two hospitals in NHS Lothian, Scotland, UK between 2008 and 2014...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635448/let-s-talk-about-your-weight%C3%A2
#5
Andrew Cole
A significant proportion of nurses in the UK are overweight or obese and the problem is, in every sense, a growing one.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631874/an-integrative-review-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-for-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
Alison J Doherty, Stephanie P Jones, Umesh Chauhan, Josephine M E Gibson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities and increases the risk of developing serious medical conditions. UK guidance recommends multicomponent weight management interventions (MCIs), tailored for different population groups. METHODS: An integrative review utilizing systematic review methodology was conducted to identify the types of MCIs delivered to adults with intellectual disabilities. FINDINGS: Five studies were identified...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630691/overweight-dogs-are-more-likely-to-display-undesirable-behaviours-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-in-the-uk
#7
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Much of the global canine population is now overweight, and this can adversely affect health, lifespan and quality of life. Undesirable behaviours are also common in pet dogs, and these can adversely affect welfare, as well as being stressful to owners. However, links between obesity and behavioural disorders have never previously been explored. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a National UK television programme, exploring dog health, welfare and behaviour...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629668/underestimating-the-size-of-the-problem-uk-anaesthesia-for-patients-with-obesity
#8
James Palmer, Mike Sury, Claire Nightingale, Jaideep Pandit, Tim Cook
We analysed data from 14,000 patients in the 2013 United Kingdom Anaesthesia Activity Survey of the Fifth National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland to examine anaesthetic, organisational and clinical practice for patients with obesity. We compared practice then with current guidance on management of this patient group. Obesity was reported in 22%, mainly Black, Afro-Caribbean and White Caucasian patients. There was minimal variation in surgical timing, anaesthetic seniority, induction location or day-case procedure rates...
June 16, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626830/overweight-obesity-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-multimorbidity-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-for-120%C3%A2-813-adults-from-16-cohort-studies-from-the-usa-and-europe
#9
Mika Kivimäki, Eeva Kuosma, Jane E Ferrie, Ritva Luukkonen, Solja T Nyberg, Lars Alfredsson, G David Batty, Eric J Brunner, Eleonor Fransson, Marcel Goldberg, Anders Knutsson, Markku Koskenvuo, Maria Nordin, Tuula Oksanen, Jaana Pentti, Reiner Rugulies, Martin J Shipley, Archana Singh-Manoux, Andrew Steptoe, Sakari B Suominen, Töres Theorell, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen, Peter Westerholm, Hugo Westerlund, Marie Zins, Mark Hamer, Joshua A Bell, Adam G Tabak, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity have been studied in relation to individual cardiometabolic diseases, their association with risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is poorly understood. Here we aimed to establish the risk of incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity (ie, at least two from: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, and stroke) in adults who are overweight and obese compared with those who are a healthy weight. METHODS: We pooled individual-participant data for BMI and incident cardiometabolic multimorbidity from 16 prospective cohort studies from the USA and Europe...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625335/provision-of-information-to-consumers-about-the-calorie-content-of-alcoholic-drinks-did-the-responsibility-deal-pledge-by-alcohol-retailers-and-producers-increase-the-availability-of-calorie-information
#10
M Petticrew, N Douglas, C Knai, N Maani Hessari, M A Durand, E Eastmure, N Mays
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a significant source of dietary calories and is a contributor to obesity. Industry pledges to provide calorie information to consumers have been cited as reasons for not introducing mandatory ingredient labelling. As part of the Public Health Responsibility Deal (RD) in England, alcohol retailers and producers committed to providing consumers with information on the calorie content of alcoholic drinks. This study examines what was achieved following this commitment and considers the implications for current industry commitments to provide information on alcohol calories...
May 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623125/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-induces-liver-fibrosis-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity-via-tlr4-myd88-mapk-nf-kb-signaling-pathways
#11
Hyeon Hui Kang, In Kyoung Kim, Hye In Lee, Hyonsoo Joo, Jeong Uk Lim, Jongmin Lee, Sang Haak Lee, Hwa Sik Moon
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) during sleep. Inflammation is associated with the development of metabolic complications induced by CIH. Research suggests that innate immune mechanisms are involved in the pro-inflammatory pathways of liver fibrosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether innate immune responses induce liver fibrosis, and to evaluate mechanisms underlying hepatic inflammation related to CIH in a murine diet-induced obesity (DIO) model...
June 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622790/early-life-risk-factors-identified-for-owner-reported-feline-overweight-and-obesity-at-around-two-years-of-age
#12
E C Rowe, W J Browne, R A Casey, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Obesity is considered the second most common health problem in pet cats in developed countries. This study used prospective data from a longitudinal study of pet cats ('C.L.A.W.S.', www.bristol.ac.uk/vetscience/claws) to identify early-life risk factors for feline overweight/obesity occurring at around two years of age. Data were collected via five owner-completed questionnaires (for cats aged two-six months, six months, 12 months, 18 months and two years respectively) completed between May 2011 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620486/overweight-dogs-exercise-less-frequently-and-for-shorter-periods-results-of-a-large-online-survey-of-dog-owners-from-the-uk
#13
Alexander J German, Emily Blackwell, Mark Evans, Carri Westgarth
Canine obesity is now the number one health concern in dogs worldwide. Regular physical activity can improve health, and owners are advised to exercise their dogs on a regular basis. However, limited information exists about associations between overweight status of dogs and walking activity. An online survey was conducted between June and August in 2014, coinciding with the broadcast of a national UK television programme, exploring dog behaviour. Information gathered included signalment, overweight status, and owner-reported information on duration and frequency of dog walking...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616221/time-timing-talking-and-training-findings-from-an-exploratory-action-research-study-to-improve-quality-of-end-of-life-care-for-minority-ethnic-kidney-patients
#14
Emma Wilkinson, Gurch Randhawa, Edwina Brown, Maria Da Silva Gane, John Stoves, Graham Warwick, Tahira Mir, Regina Magee, Sue Sharman, Ken Farrington
Background. With an ageing and increasingly diverse population at risk from rising levels of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, including kidney complications, there is a need to provide quality care at all stages in the care pathway including at the end of life and to all patients. Aim. This study purposively explored South Asian patients' experiences of kidney end of life care to understand how services can be delivered in a way that meets diverse patient needs. Methods. Within an action research design 14 focus groups (45 care providers) of kidney care providers discussed the recruitment and analysis of individual interviews with 16 South Asian kidney patients (eight men, eight women)...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610436/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-diabetes-does-it-matter
#15
Abd A Tahrani
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is very common in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D), which is not surprising considering that obesity is a common risk factor for both conditions. In general population studies, OSA has been shown to be associated with several comorbidities including increased risk of road traffic accidents, T2D, hypertension and lack of nocturnal dipping of blood pressure, hyperlipidaemia, increased inflammation, increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, increased risk of atrial fibrillation, worse quality of life, and erectile dysfunction...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604194/barriers-to-addressing-childhood-weight-issues-in-acute-care-settings-and-how-to-overcome-them
#16
Natalie Warren, Jane Hunt
Excess weight and obesity in childhood is a global problem, with UK prevalence unfavourably high. Despite national policy recommendations and professional guidelines that nurses should address the issue, research shows that practice is not consistent. This literature review identifies barriers nurses face in addressing childhood weight issues with families in acute healthcare settings. Three interlinked themes are identified: parental receptiveness; knowledge, education and resource constraints; and time, priority and continuity constraints...
June 12, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598998/financial-incentives-improve-recognition-but-not-treatment-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-severe-mental-illness
#17
Carol L Wilson, Kirsty M Rhodes, Rupert A Payne
OBJECTIVES: Severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with premature cardiovascular disease, prompting the UK primary care payment-for-performance system (Quality and Outcomes Framework, QOF) to incentivise annual physical health reviews. This study aimed to assess the QOF's impact on detection and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors in people with SMI. METHODS: A retrospective open cohort study of UK general practice was conducted between 1996 and 2014, using segmented logistic regression with 2004 and 2011 as break points, reflecting the introduction of relevant QOF incentives in these years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587518/an-investigation-into-uk-medical-students-knowledge-of-lifestyle-factors-on-cancer
#18
S Luckman, C Xiao, E McLennan, A S Anderson, N Mutrie, S J Moug
Background and aim Lifestyle factor modification (alcohol, smoking, obesity, diet, physical activity) has the potential to reduce cancer incidence and cancer survival. This study assessed the knowledge of lifestyle factors and cancer in undergraduate medical students. Methods and results A total of 218 students (7 UK universities) completed an online survey of nine questions in three areas: knowledge (lifestyle factors and cancer); information sources; clinical practice (witnessed clinical counselling). Diet, alcohol, smoking and physical activity were recognised as lifestyle factors by 98% of responders, while only 69% reported weight...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569411/regional-and-district-peer-effects-in-obesity-a-uk-panel-data-analysis
#19
Darshan Zala
Most research concerning the causes of obesity has focused on macroeconomic trends or individual-level determinants relating to socioeconomic status. There is now growing interest in the psychosocial determinants of obesity. Little research has been conducted into wide-scale peer effects and so the aim of this study was to determine whether regional and district peer effects determine individual-level obesity in the UK. Data from the British Household Panel Survey (for the years 2004 and 2006) were used to model individual-level BMI and probability of obesity as a function of regional and district BMI, controlling for a variety of other variables...
June 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566749/longitudinal-associations-between-television-in-the-bedroom-and-body-fatness-in-a-uk-cohort-study
#20
A Heilmann, P Rouxel, E Fitzsimons, Y Kelly, R Watt
OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal associations between screen based media use (television and computer hours, having a TV in the bedroom) and body fatness among UK children. METHODS: Participants were 12 556 children from the UK Millennium Cohort Study who were followed from age 7 to age 11. Associations were assessed between screen based media use and the following outcomes: Body Mass Index (BMI); Fat Mass Index (FMI); and overweight. RESULTS: In fully adjusted models, having a bedroom TV at age 7 was associated with significantly higher BMI and FMI (excess BMI for boys=0...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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