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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898445/characterizing-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-intellectual-disability-outcomes-of-a-case-finding-study
#1
L D Bryant, A M Russell, R E A Walwyn, A J Farrin, A Wright-Hughes, E H Graham, D Nagi, A Stansfield, J Birtwistle, S Meer, R A Ajjan, A O House
AIMS: To report the results of a case-finding study conducted during a feasibility trial of a supported self-management intervention for adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability and Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to characterize the study sample in terms of diabetes control, health, and access to diabetes management services and support. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional case-finding study in the UK (March 2013 to June 2015), which recruited participants mainly through primary care settings...
September 12, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883028/exploring-the-health-risks-of-help-seeking-military-veterans-living-in-different-parts-of-the-uk
#2
R L Ashwick, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mental and physical health differences of treatment-seeking military veterans across the different nations that make up the UK. The aim of this research was to explore potential health differences in order to support better service planning. METHODS: A random cross-sectional sample of treatment-seeking veterans residing in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland was identified from a national mental health charity. 403 veterans completed a questionnaire highlighting their demographics, mental health and physical health difficulties...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882926/digital-technology-to-facilitate-proactive-assessment-of-obesity-risk-during-infancy-proask-a-feasibility-study
#3
Sarah A Redsell, Jennie Rose, Stephen Weng, Joanne Ablewhite, Judy Anne Swift, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Dilip Nathan, Heather J Wharrad, Pippa Atkinson, Vicki Watson, Fiona McMaster, Rajalakshmi Lakshman, Cris Glazebrook
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of using digital technology for Proactive Assessment of Obesity Risk during Infancy (ProAsk) with the UK health visitors (HVs) and parents. DESIGN: Multicentre, pre- and post-intervention feasibility study with process evaluation. SETTING: Rural and urban deprived settings, UK community care. PARTICIPANTS: 66 parents of infants and 22 HVs. INTERVENTION: ProAsk was delivered on a tablet device...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879691/the-correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-routine-parameters-in-men-over-fifty
#4
Deok Ha Seo, Sol Yoon, Jae Hwi Choi, Jungmo Do, Sin Woo Lee, Chunwoo Lee, Seong Uk Jeh, See Min Choi, Sung Chul Kam, Jeong Seok Hwa, Ky Hyun Chung, Sung Won Kwon, Sae Chul Kim, Dong Soo Park, Jae Mann Song, Kyung Seop Lee, Jae Seog Hyun
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationships between body mass index (BMI) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, international prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL), and prostate volume (PV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Height, weight, PSA levels, PV, and IPSS were analyzed in 15,435 patients who underwent a prostate examination between 2001 and 2014. Patients aged <50 years or with a PSA level ≥10 ng/mL were excluded. The relationships between BMI and PSA, IPSS, QoL, and PV were analyzed by a scatter plot, one-way analysis of variance, and the Pearson correlation coefficient...
September 6, 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877677/maternal-body-mass-index-and-access-to-antenatal-care-a-retrospective-analysis-of-619-502-births-in-england
#5
Charlotte Barber, Judith Rankin, Nicola Heslehurst
BACKGROUND: Late access to antenatal care increases risks of adverse outcomes including maternal and perinatal mortality. There is evidence that BMI influences patient engagement with health services, such as cancer screening services and delayed access to treatment; this association has not been fully explored in the context of antenatal care. This study investigated the association between the stage of pregnancy women access antenatal care, BMI, and other socio-demographic factors. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of routine hospital data from 34 NHS maternity units in England, UK, including 619,502 singleton births between 1989 and 2007...
September 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873402/gene-environment-interaction-study-for-bmi-reveals-interactions-between-genetic-factors-and-physical-activity-alcohol-consumption-and-socioeconomic-status
#6
Mathias Rask-Andersen, Torgny Karlsson, Weronica E Ek, Åsa Johansson
Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified hundreds of genetic loci to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and risk of obesity. Genetic effects can differ between individuals depending on lifestyle or environmental factors due to gene-environment interactions. In this study, we examine gene-environment interactions in 362,496 unrelated participants with Caucasian ancestry from the UK Biobank resource. A total of 94 BMI-associated SNPs, selected from a previous GWAS on BMI, were used to construct weighted genetic scores for BMI (GSBMI)...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870208/the-role-of-self-regulatory-skills-and-automaticity-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-brief-weight-loss-habit-based-intervention-secondary-analysis-of-the-10-top-tips-randomised-trial
#7
Nathalie Kliemann, Victoria Vickerstaff, Helen Croker, Fiona Johnson, Irwin Nazareth, Rebecca J Beeken
BACKGROUND: Habit-interventions are designed to promote the automaticity of healthy behaviours and may also enhance self-regulatory skills during the habit-formation process. A recent trial of habit-based advice for weight loss (10 Top Tips; 10TT), found that patients allocated to 10TT lost significantly more weight over 3 months than those allocated to usual care, and reported greater increases in automaticity for the target behaviours. The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that i) 10TT increased self-regulatory skills more than usual care, and ii) that self-regulatory skills and automaticity changes mediated the effect of 10TT on weight loss...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865238/association-between-insulin-induced-weight-change-and-cvd-mortality-evidence-from-a-historical-cohort-study-of-18-814-patients-in-uk-primary-care
#8
U Anyanwagu, J Mamza, R Donnelly, I Idris
BACKGROUND: This study explore the association of insulin-induced weight (wt) gain on CV outcomes and mortality amongst patients with T2D following insulin initiation using real-world data METHODS: A historical cohort study was performed in 18,814 adults with insulin-treated T2D derived from the UK Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Based on the average weight change of 5kg, one year post-insulin initiation, patients were grouped into 5 categories (>5kg wt loss; 1.0-5.0kg wt loss; no wt change; 1...
September 2, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860741/comparison-of-world-health-organization-and-asia-pacific-body-mass-index-classifications-in-copd-patients
#9
Jeong Uk Lim, Jae Ha Lee, Ju Sang Kim, Yong Il Hwang, Tae-Hyung Kim, Seong Yong Lim, Kwang Ha Yoo, Ki-Suck Jung, Young Kyoon Kim, Chin Kook Rhee
INTRODUCTION: A low body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased mortality and low health-related quality of life in patients with COPD. The Asia-Pacific classification of BMI has a lower cutoff for overweight and obese categories compared to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The present study assessed patients with COPD among different BMI categories according to two BMI classification systems: WHO and Asia-Pacific. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with COPD aged 40 years or older from the Korean COPD Subtype Study cohort were selected for evaluation...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851329/process-evaluation-results-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-childhood-obesity-prevention-trial-the-waves-study
#10
T L Griffin, J L Clarke, E R Lancashire, M J Pallan, P Adab
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of childhood obesity and its related consequences emphasises the importance of developing and evaluating interventions aimed at prevention. The importance of process evaluation in health intervention research is increasingly recognised, assessing implementation and participant response, and how these may relate to intervention success or failure. A comprehensive process evaluation was designed and undertaken for the West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study that tested the effectiveness of an obesity prevention programme for children aged 6-7 years, delivered in 24 UK schools...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831869/poor-sleep-patterns-are-detrimental-to-waistlines-and-metabolic-health
#11
(no author information available yet)
Adults in the UK who have poor sleep patterns are more likely to be overweight and obese and have poorer metabolic health, study findings have found.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827235/assessing-the-potential-return-on-investment-of-the-proposed-uk-nhs-diabetes-prevention-programme-in-different-population-subgroups-an-economic-evaluation
#12
Chloe Thomas, Susi Sadler, Penny Breeze, Hazel Squires, Michael Gillett, Alan Brennan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate potential return on investment of the National Health Service Diabetes Prevention Programme (NHS DPP) in England and estimate which population subgroups are likely to benefit most in terms of cost-effectiveness, cost-savings and health benefits. DESIGN: Economic analysis using the School for Public Health Research Diabetes Prevention Model. SETTING: England 2015-2016. POPULATION: Adults aged ≥16 with high risk of type 2 diabetes (HbA1c 6%-6...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#13
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793990/independent-and-joint-associations-of-grip-strength-and-adiposity-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-403-199-adults-the-uk-biobank-study
#14
Youngwon Kim, Katrien Wijndaele, Duck-Chul Lee, Stephen J Sharp, Nick Wareham, Soren Brage
Background: Higher grip strength (GS) is associated with lower mortality risk. However, whether this association is independent of adiposity is uncertain.Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between GS, adiposity, and mortality.Design: The UK Biobank study is an ongoing prospective cohort of >0.5 million UK adults aged 40-69 y. Baseline data collection (2006-2010) included measurements of GS and adiposity indicators, including body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)). Age- and sex-specific GS quintiles were used...
September 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789721/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-among-adults-in-cambridgeshire-uk-the-fenland-study
#15
Peter Barrett, Fumiaki Imamura, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d)...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780501/birth-weight-trends-in-england-and-wales-1986-2012-babies-are-getting-heavier
#16
Rebecca Elisabeth Ghosh, Jacob Dag Berild, Anna Freni Sterrantino, Mireille B Toledano, Anna L Hansell
INTRODUCTION: Birth weight is a strong predictor of infant mortality, morbidity and later disease risk. Previous work from the 1980s indicated a shift in the UK towards heavier births; this descriptive analysis looks at more recent trends. METHODS: Office for National Statistics (ONS) registration data on 17.2 million live, single births from 1986 to 2012 were investigated for temporal trends in mean birth weight, potential years of birth weight change and changes in the proportions of very low (<1500 g), low (<2500 g) and high (≥4000 g) birth weight...
August 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770324/impact-of-metformin-on-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Simon J Griffin, James K Leaver, Greg J Irving
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Metformin is the most-prescribed oral medication to lower blood glucose worldwide. Yet previous systematic reviews have raised doubts about its effectiveness in reducing risk of cardiovascular disease, the most costly complication of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to systematically identify and pool randomised trials reporting cardiovascular outcomes in which the effect of metformin was 'isolated' through comparison to diet, lifestyle or placebo. METHODS: We performed an electronic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library...
August 2, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770095/demography-and-disorders-of-german-shepherd-dogs-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk
#18
Dan G O'Neill, Noel R Coulson, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
BACKGROUND: The German Shepherd Dog (GSD) has been widely used for a variety of working roles. However, concerns for the health and welfare of the GSD have been widely aired and there is evidence that breed numbers are now in decline in the UK. Accurate demographic and disorder data could assist with breeding and clinical prioritisation. The VetCompass(TM) Programme collects clinical data on dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. This study included all VetCompass(TM) dogs under veterinary care during 2013...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766127/metabolic-profiling-of-gestational-diabetes-in-obese-women-during-pregnancy
#19
Sara L White, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Naveed Sattar, Scott M Nelson, Debbie A Lawlor, Annette L Briley, Paul T Seed, Paul Welsh, Lucilla Poston
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal obesity and associated gestational diabetes (GDM) are increasing worldwide. While pre-existing insulin resistance is implicated in GDM in obese women, the responsible metabolic pathways remain poorly described. Our aim was to compare metabolic profiles in blood of obese pregnant women with and without GDM 10 weeks prior to and at the time of diagnosis by OGTT. METHODS: We investigated 646 women, of whom 198 developed GDM, in this prospective cohort study, a secondary analysis of UK Pregnancies Better Eating and Activity Trial (UPBEAT), a multicentre randomised controlled trial of a complex lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women...
August 1, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765261/burden-of-child-and-adolescent-obesity-on-health-services-in-england
#20
Russell M Viner, Sanjay Kinra, Dasha Nicholls, Tim Cole, Anthony Kessel, Deborah Christie, Billy White, Helen Croker, Ian C K Wong, Sonia Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the numbers of obese children and young people (CYP) eligible for assessment and management at each stage of the childhood obesity pathway in England. DESIGN: Pathway modelling study, operationalising the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance on childhood obesity management against national survey data. SETTING: Data on CYP aged 2-18 years from the Health Survey for England 2006 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical obesity (body mass index (BMI) >98th centile), extreme obesity (BMI ≥99...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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