keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obesity epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346935/dysbiosis-in-the-neonatal-period-role-of-cesarean-section
#1
Josef Neu
From epidemiological studies and studies done evaluating microbiomes in infants, there is a strong signal that the infants born by elective cesarean section (C-section) develop microbiota that differs from those babies born by vaginal delivery. Epidemiological studies show increased odds ratios for the development of immunological disorders such as type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, asthma, allergic diseases as well as metabolic diseases such as obesity in babies born by C-section. These are interesting associations, and if supported by additional studies that rigorously control for confounding factors, they will have major public health implications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346924/early-life-antibiotic-exposure-gut-microbiota-development-and-predisposition-to-obesity
#2
Meghan B Azad, Shirin Moossavi, Arthur Owora, Shadi Sepehri
Antibiotics are often prescribed inappropriately to infants and young children, with potentially adverse effects on the developing gut microbiota and related metabolic processes. We review evidence from 17 epidemiologic studies suggesting that antibiotic exposure during critical periods of early development may influence weight gain and the development of obesity. Complementary research in both humans and rodents indicates that gut microbiota play a key role in this process, although further research is needed to confirm and characterize the causal mechanisms involved...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345322/corrigendum-correction-of-acknowledgments-epidemiology-of-childhood-obesity-in-korea
#3
Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim
This corrects the article on p. 510 in vol. 31, PMID: 27834078.
March 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344053/reduced-cancer-mortality-at-high-altitude-the-role-of-glucose-lipids-iron-and-physical-activity
#4
M Thiersch, E R Swenson, T Haider, M Gassmann
Residency at high altitude (HA) demands adaptation to challenging environmental conditions with hypobaric hypoxia being the most important one. Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that chronic exposure to HA reduces cancer mortality and lowers prevalence of metabolic disorders like diabetes and obesity implying that adaption to HA modifies a broad spectrum of physiological, metabolic and cellular programs with a generally beneficial outcome for humans. However, the complexity of multiple, potentially tumor-suppressive pathways at HA impedes the understanding of mechanisms leading to reduced cancer mortality...
March 23, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342603/invited-review-the-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-dairy-lipids
#5
R Lordan, I Zabetakis
Dairy product consumption is often associated with negative effects because of its naturally high levels of saturated fatty acids. However, recent research has shown that dairy lipids possess putative bioactivity against chronic inflammation. Inflammation triggers the onset of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and cancer. This review discusses the anti-inflammatory properties of dairy lipids found in milk, yogurt, and cheese, and it examines them in relation to their implications for human health: their protective effects and their role in pathology...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341221/a-systematic-review-of-obesity-disparities-research
#6
REVIEW
Charlotte A Pratt, Catherine M Loria, Sonia S Arteaga, Holly L Nicastro, Maria Lopez-Class, Janet M de Jesus, Pothur Srinivas, Christine Maric-Bilkan, Lisa Schwartz Longacre, Josephine E A Boyington, Abera Wouhib, Nara Gavini
CONTEXT: A review of interventions addressing obesity disparities could reveal gaps in the literature and provide guidance on future research, particularly for populations with a high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic risk. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of clinical trials in obesity disparities research that were published in 2011-2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE resulted in 328 peer-reviewed articles. Articles were excluded if they had no BMI, weight, or body composition measure as primary outcome or were foreign (n=201); were epidemiologic or secondary data analyses of clinical trials (n=12); design or protocol papers (n=54); systematic reviews (n=3); or retracted or duplicates (n=9)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334179/bayesian-distributed-lag-interaction-models-to-identify-perinatal-windows-of-vulnerability-in-children-s-health
#7
Ander Wilson, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright, Brent A Coull
Epidemiological research supports an association between maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and adverse children's health outcomes. Advances in exposure assessment and statistics allow for estimation of both critical windows of vulnerability and exposure effect heterogeneity. Simultaneous estimation of windows of vulnerability and effect heterogeneity can be accomplished by fitting a distributed lag model (DLM) stratified by subgroup. However, this can provide an incomplete picture of how effects vary across subgroups because it does not allow for subgroups to have the same window but different within-window effects or to have different windows but the same within-window effect...
February 27, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324597/the-burden-of-chronic-heart-failure-in-primary-care-in-italy
#8
Carlo Piccinni, Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo, Monica Simonetti, Marco Giovanni Mennuni, Damiano Parretti, Claudio Cricelli, Delia Colombo, Mihaela Nica, Iacopo Cricelli, Francesco Lapi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major public health concern. From a public health perspective, the epidemiology of CHF needs to be distinguished from that of its related acute form. Data stemming from primary care are crucial to better know and update the prevalence and incidence rates of CHF. AIM: To update the epidemiology of CHF in an Italian primary care setting and to describe socio-demographic, lifestyle, and clinical characteristics of these patients...
March 21, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319060/the-anti-diabetic-drug-exenatide-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-counteracts-hepatocarcinogenesis-through-camp-pka-egfr-stat3-axis
#9
M Zhou, M T S Mok, H Sun, A W Chan, Y Huang, A S L Cheng, G Xu
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a close association of type 2 diabetes and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Exenatide (Ex-4), a potent diabetes drug targeting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R), is protective against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the Ex-4 function and GLP-1R status have yet been explored in HCC. Herein we investigated the effect of Ex-4 in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-treated mice consuming control or high-fat high-carbohydrate diet. Administration of Ex-4 significantly improved obesity-induced hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia and reduced HCC multiplicity in obese DEN-treated mice, in which suppressed proliferation and induced apoptosis were confined to tumor cells...
March 20, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318184/preventing-childhood-obesity-contributions-from-the-social-sciences-to-intervention
#10
Muriel Lamarque, Alicia Bibiana Orden
Programming and implementation of health policies for the prevention of overweight and obesity have traditionally focused on the dissemination of specific messages identifying healthy foods and pointing out the importance of physical activity. Despite recurrent efforts, the prevalence of obesity in both adult and children populations continues to rise. The configuration of preventive proposals seems to neglect the more complex reality of the eating phenomenon, whose nature goes beyond its biological basis. Behind the presence of overweight or obesity, there are factors that exceed individual behaviors, which are constituted as elements of social order...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316138/irx3-is-a-genetic-modifier-for-birth-weight-adolescent-obesity-and-transaminase-metabolism
#11
C Liu, C Chu, J Zhang, D Wu, D Xu, P Li, Y Chen, B Liu, L Pei, L Zhang, S Liu, T Qi, X-Y Lou, L Li
OBJECTIVE: IRX3 expression has been functionally associated in obesity-associated long-distance susceptibility loci, but the effect of the IRX3 genetic variants on human obesity and obesity-related metabolism remains uncertain. METHODS: To determine the genetic role of IRX3, we conducted a molecular epidemiological analysis using three haplotype tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs8053360, rs3751723 and rs12445085) and one nonsynonymous SNP (rs1126960) at the IRX3 locus in 333 junior and senior high school students from a northeast Chinese population...
March 19, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303212/periodontitis-and-systemic-disease-association-or-causality
#12
REVIEW
Lewis Winning, Gerard J Linden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess recent evidence that diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity impact the progression of periodontitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Electronic searches using Embase, Medline, and Web of Science were carried out for epidemiological studies on humans, published between 2014 and 2016. A small number of prospective studies and systematic reviews were identified that in general provide further support for the hypothesis that diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity can adversely affect the periodontal condition...
2017: Current Oral Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300617/sex-and-gender-related-prevalence-cardiovascular-risk-and-therapeutic-approach-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Giacomo Pucci, Riccardo Alcidi, Lisanne Tap, Francesca Battista, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Giuseppe Schillaci
Metabolic syndrome (MS), a cluster of metabolic abnormalities linked to insulin-resistance and abdominal obesity, is associated with an increased risk of Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular (CV) disease. Its prevalence is high, affecting 20%-30% of the general population, and increases with age in a sex-specific manner: in fact, while below 50 years it is slightly higher in men, it reverses after 50 years. The pronounced age-related increase in the prevalence of MS in women occurs as the result of several factors, which may be classified into sex- and gender-related factors...
March 12, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299033/the-association-of-age-and-gender-with-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-employees-in-west-of-iran
#14
Nahid Khademi, Mehran Babanejad, Atefeh Asadmobini, Hossein Karim
BACKGROUND: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. METHODS: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295797/overweight-or-obesity-in-children-aged-0-to-6-and-the-risk-of-adult-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Jieun Kim, Insook Lee, Sungwon Lim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify an association between overweight or obesity in early childhood and metabolic syndrome in adults. BACKGROUND: Early childhood overweight or obesity is important because it can predict metabolic syndrome in adulthood. A longer period of overweight or obesity leads to the accumulation of more risk factors. However, there are insufficient and inconsistent studies on this issue. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294953/risk-factors-of-bloating-and-its-association-with-common-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-a-sample-of-iranian-adults
#16
Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Parnaz Daneshpajouhnejad, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bloating is an unpleasant but common gastrointestinal symptom that is experienced by many people at some stage in their lives. The current survey was conducted to investigate the epidemiology and risk factors of bloating and functional bloating (FB). In addition, we aimed to assess the association between bloating and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the self-administered modified Rome III questionnaire was used to assess gastrointestinal symptoms and FGIDs...
March 15, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290879/-adipokines-level-in-metabolically-healthy-obese-saint-petersburg-inhabitants-esse-rf
#17
M A Boyarinova, A V Orlov, O P Rotar, A S Alieva, E V Moguchaya, E U Vasileva, V N Soltsev, E I Baranova, A O Konradi
AIM: to elucidate prevalence of phenotypes of metabolically heathy obesity (MHO) among inhabitants of Saint-Petersburg using various criteria and assess dependence levels of adipokines on obesity phenotype. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Within a framework of epidemiologic study ESSE-RF we formed a random sample of 1600 Saint-Petersburg inhabitants stratified according to gender and age. Examination of participants included anthropometry with measurement of waist circumference CRP and estimation of body mass index (BMI), measurement of arterial pressure, determination of fasting blood glucose, insulin (with calculation of index of insulin resistance -IIR), lipid spectrum, C-reactive protein (CRP), adiponectin, leptin...
August 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290049/type-2-diabetes-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-factors-and-pathogenesis
#18
REVIEW
P Wainwright, E Scorletti, C D Byrne
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to assess the epidemiological evidence for a link between type 2 diabetes and hepatocellular carcinoma and to investigate possible pathophysiological mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: The presence of type 2 diabetes significantly increases the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma, and treatment with metformin may be associated with a lower risk. Treatment with insulin and sulphonylureas may be associated with increased risk...
April 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284879/skipping-breakfast-reduces-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-healthy-women-who-are-habitual-breakfast-eaters-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#19
Eiichi Yoshimura, Yoichi Hatamoto, Satomi Yonekura, Hiroaki Tanaka
Many epidemiological studies indicate a positive relationship between skipping breakfast (SB) and obesity. However, it is unclear whether SB affects energy intake and physical activity during the day. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the acute effects of SB on energy intake and physical activity under free-living conditions. The present study used a randomized, crossover trial design comparing eating breakfast (EB) and SB days. Twenty lean, healthy women 21-25years old who were habitual breakfast eaters (≥5daysperweek) took part in this study...
March 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283181/the-changing-epidemiology-of-fall-related-fractures-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
C M Court-Brown, N D Clement, A D Duckworth, L C Biant, M M McQueen
There has been very little analysis of the epidemiology of adult fall-related fractures outwith the osteoporotic population. We have analysed all in-patient and out-patient fall-related fractures in a one-year period in a defined population and documented their epidemiology. The overall prevalence of non-spinal fall-related fractures is 63.1% with 40.7% and 82.7% occurring in males and females respectively. In females aged 20-29 years >50% of fractures follow falls, the equivalent age range in males being 50-59 years...
March 2, 2017: Injury
keyword
keyword
19557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"