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Acute cardiovascular life support

Emily M Bucholz, Adam L Beckman, Catarina I Kiefe, Harlan M Krumholz
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an opportune time to counsel smokers to quit. Studies have demonstrated lower short-term mortality for counseled versus non-counseled smokers; yet, little is known about the long-term survival benefits of post-AMI smoking-cessation counseling (SCC). METHODS: Data from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project, a prospective cohort study of elderly patients with AMI between 1994 and 1996 with >17 years of follow-up, were used to evaluate the association of SCC with short- and long-term mortality in smokers with AMI...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ceyda Şahan, Yücel Demiral, Bülent Kılıç, Özgür Aslan
BACKGROUND: According to the Turkey Burden of Disease Study, 10% of the national burden of disease is attributed to cardiovascular diseases. Although the standardized coronary heart disease (CHD) rate is falling in general, CHD prevalence among young people is rising. On the other hand, as a result of increased life expectancy and higher retirement ages, the CHD rate among workers is also increasing. Therefore, work ability and return to work after diagnosis are important for population health and well-being...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Aleksandra Zofia Rutkowska, Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common, heterogeneous, and multifactorial endocrine disorder in premenopausal women. The pathophysiology of this endocrinopathy is still unclear; however, the heterogeneity of its features within ethnic races, geographic location, and families suggests that environment and lifestyle are of prime importance. This work is mainly focused on the possible role of the most common and studied environmental toxins for this syndrome in the pathogenesis of PCOS. Plasticizers, such as bisphenol A (BPA) or phthalates, which belong to the categories of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs), affect humans' health in everyday, industrialized life; therefore special attention should be paid to such exposure...
September 15, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
D Tahtali, F Bohmann, P Rostek, B Misselwitz, A Reihs, F Heringer, K Jahnke, H Steinmetz, W Pfeilschifter
BACKGROUND: Time is of critical importance in acute stroke management. The establishment of thrombectomy now adds to the complexity and interdisciplinarity of the initial phase. In non-medical high-fidelity situations, such as aviation, crew resource management (CRM) has proven to be highly efficient. It has therefore also been implemented in professional cardiovascular life support training. In a setting where every minute counts, CRM and regular training of the high-fidelity stroke team could offer ways to improve treatment of acute stroke patients...
July 18, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Leonida Compostella, Sonia Lorenzi, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Caterina Compostella, Elia Vettore, Giambattista Isabella, Giuseppe Tarantini, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
The presence of major depressive symptoms is usually considered a negative long-term prognostic factor after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, most of the supporting research was conducted before the era of immediate reperfusion by percutaneous coronary intervention. The aims of this study are to evaluate if depression still retains long-term prognostic significance in our era of immediate coronary reperfusion, and to study possible correlations with clinical parameters of physical performance...
July 12, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Max Gonzalez-Estevez, Benjamin Constans, Alexandre Turbelin, Catherine Barre-Drouard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Rodney C Sena, Samuel Eldrich, Richard M Pescatore, Anthony Mazzarelli, Richard G Byrne
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the treatment of adult patients in cardiac arrest are supplied by the American Heart Association through basic life support and advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) provider courses. When treatments defined by the ACLS guidelines are unsuccessful in terminating a lethal dysrhythmia, the use of alternative strategies may prove useful. In this case, two defibrillators were used to deliver a greater than normal energy waveform over an extended time interval to return a patient to a normal sinus rhythm...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
M Cardona-Morrell, Jch Kim, R M Turner, M Anstey, I A Mitchell, K Hillman
PURPOSE: To investigate the extent of objective 'non-beneficial treatments (NBTs)' (too much) anytime in the last 6 months of life in routine hospital care. DATA SOURCES: English language publications in Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane library, and the grey literature (January 1995-April 2015). STUDY SELECTION: All study types assessing objective dimensions of non-beneficial medical or surgical diagnostic, therapeutic or non-palliative procedures administered to older adults at the end of life (EOL)...
September 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Gavin Williams, Louise Ada, Leanne Hassett, Meg E Morris, Ross Clark, Adam L Bryant, John Olver
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of disability in young adults aged 15 to 45 years. Mobility limitations are prevalent, and range in severity from interfering with basic day-to-day tasks to restricting participation in higher level social, leisure, employment and sporting activities. Despite the prevalence and severity of physical impairments, such as poor balance and spasticity, the main contributor to mobility limitations following traumatic brain injury is low muscle power generation...
July 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Phillip R Zoladz, David M Diamond
Research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is faced with the challenge of understanding how a traumatic experience produces long-lasting detrimental effects on behavior and brain functioning, and more globally, how stress exacerbates somatic disorders, including cardiovascular disease. Moreover, the design of translational research needs to link animal models of PTSD to clinically relevant risk factors which address why only a subset of traumatized individuals develop persistent psychopathology. In this review, we have summarized our psychosocial stress rodent model of PTSD which is based on well-described PTSD-inducing risk factors, including a life-threatening experience, a sense of horror and uncontrollability, and insufficient social support...
June 6, 2016: Experimental Neurology
Luisa Muraro, Laura Longo, Federico Geraldini, Andrea Bortot, Andrea Paoli, Annalisa Boscolo
Caffeine is arguably the most widely used stimulant drug in the world. Here we describe a suicide attempt involving caffeine overdose whereby the patient's severe intoxication was successfully treated with the prompt infusion of Intralipid. A 19-year-old man was found in an agitated state at home by the volunteer emergency team about 1 h after the intentional ingestion of 40 g of caffeine (tablets). His consciousness decreased rapidly, followed quickly by seizures, and electrocardiographic monitoring showed ventricular fibrillation...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Ovidiu Pârvu, David Gilbert
Insights gained from multilevel computational models of biological systems can be translated into real-life applications only if the model correctness has been verified first. One of the most frequently employed in silico techniques for computational model verification is model checking. Traditional model checking approaches only consider the evolution of numeric values, such as concentrations, over time and are appropriate for computational models of small scale systems (e.g. intracellular networks). However for gaining a systems level understanding of how biological organisms function it is essential to consider more complex large scale biological systems (e...
2016: PloS One
Jeffrey S Berger, Brian G Katona, W Schuyler Jones, Manesh R Patel, Lars Norgren, Iris Baumgartner, Juuso Blomster, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Peter Held, Marcus Millegård, Gretchen Heizer, Craig Reist, F Gerry Fowkes, William R Hiatt
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming data demonstrating the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy in heart disease and stroke, data in peripheral artery disease (PAD) are less compelling. Aspirin has modest evidence supporting a reduction in cardiovascular events in patients with PAD, whereas clopidogrel monotherapy may be more effective in PAD. Ticagrelor, a potent, reversibly binding P2Y12 receptor antagonist, is beneficial in patients with acute coronary syndrome and prior myocardial infarction...
May 2016: American Heart Journal
Christina E Kure, Yih-Kai Chan, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson, Melinda J Carrington, Simon Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To explore the psychosocial determinants and interhospital variability on a major acute cardiovascular event (MACE), during follow-up of a multicenter cohort of patients hospitalised with heart disease, participating in a nurse-led secondary prevention programme. METHODS: Outcome data were retrospectively analysed from 602 cardiac inpatients randomised to postdischarge standard care (n=296), or home-based intervention (n=306), with prolonged follow-up of individualised multidisciplinary support...
2016: Open Heart
Çağlar Ödek, Tanıl Kendirli, Pınar Kocaay, Ebru Azapağası, Tayfun Uçar, Zeynep Şıklar, Merih Berberoğlu
Acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening disorder. Cardiovascular complications of the condition are usually limited to hypovolaemic hypotension and shock. An acute reversible cardiomyopathy and heart failure in association with acute adrenal crisis is rarely reported, particularly in children. A 6-year-old girl with adrenal crisis which was complicated by acute reversible cardiomyopathy is reported. Inotropic and ventilatory support in addition to intravenous hydrocortisone and furosemide therapy were required to achieve cardiovascular stability...
January 29, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Stefano Barco, Mareike Lankeit, Harald Binder, Sebastian Schellong, Michael Christ, Jan Beyer-Westendorf, Daniel Duerschmied, Rupert Bauersachs, Klaus Empen, Matthias Held, Martin Schwaiblmair, Cândida Fonseca, David Jiménez, Cecilia Becattini, Kurt Quitzau, Stavros Konstantinides
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially life-threatening acute cardiovascular syndrome. However, more than 95 % of patients are haemodynamically stable at presentation, and among them are patients at truly low risk who may qualify for immediate or early discharge. The Home Treatment of Pulmonary Embolism (HoT-PE) study is a prospective international multicentre single-arm phase 4 management (cohort) trial aiming to determine whether home treatment of acute low-risk PE with the oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban is feasible, effective, and safe...
July 4, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
George L Adams, Jihad Mustapha, William Gray, Nick J Hargus, Brad J Martinsen, Gary Ansel, Michael R Jaff
BACKGROUND: Most peripheral artery disease (PAD) clinical device trials are supported by commercial manufacturers and designed for regulatory device approval, with extensive inclusion/exclusion criteria to support homogeneous patient populations. High-risk patients with advanced disease, including critical limb ischemia (CLI), are often excluded leading to difficulty in translating trial results into real-world clinical practice. As a result, physicians have no direct guidance regarding the use of endovascular devices...
April 2016: American Heart Journal
Dominique Auger, Dudley J Pennell
The myocardium is particularly susceptible to complications from iron loading in thalassemia major. In the first years of life, severe anemia leads to high-output cardiac failure and death if not treated. The necessary supportive blood transfusions create loading of iron that cannot be naturally excreted, and this iron accumulates within tissues, including the heart. Free unbound iron catalyzes the formation of toxic hydroxyl radicals, which damage cells and cause cardiac dysfunction. Significant cardiac siderosis may present by the age of 10 and may lead to acute clinical heart failure, which must be treated urgently...
March 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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