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Acute cardiovascular life support

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850400/cytomegalovirus-myocarditis-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-successfully-treated-with-ganciclovir
#1
Lavinia Maria Saraca, Ludovico Lazzari, Cinzia di Giuli, Alessandro Lavagna, Paola Mezzetti, Daniela Bovelli, Enrico Boschetti, Daniela Francisci
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium. Viruses, such as enterovirus, adenovirus, parvovirus B19, HHV6 or cytomegalovirus (CMV) and autoimmune diseases are recognized causes of myocarditis. We describe the clinical case of a young Indian woman with SLE and a concomitant acute CMV related myocarditis with favourable outcome after ganciclovir therapy. CMV myocarditis may range from being a subclinical infection with incidental findings on ECG to a life threating presentation. There are no trials demonstrating the efficacy of antiviral therapy in myocarditis...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847341/nutritional-support-in-patients-with-extracorporeal-life-support-and-ventricular-assist-devices
#2
Christian Stoppe, Ekaterina Nesterova, Gunnar Elke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) including venovenous and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and ventricular assist devices (VAD) provide mechanical pulmonary and circulatory support, respectively, in patients with acute pulmonary or cardiovascular failure. This review discusses recently published data regarding specific topics of nutritional support in patients with ECLS and VAD. RECENT FINDINGS: ECLS may aggravate loss of endogenous and exogenous micronutrients and macronutrients...
May 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803894/impact-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-a-focus-on-short-and-long-term-vascular-effects
#3
REVIEW
S Zullino, T Simoncini
SSRIs are the first choice for the treatment of mood disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Despite the known side effects, the benefits/risks balance suggests their use. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are the main vascular effects of these drugs, with mechanisms that involves endothelial dysfunction in feto-placental system. These data are supported by animal models, even if preliminary findings are not yet adequately supported by molecular and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708915/should-percussion-pacing-have-a-role-in-perioperative-advanced-cardiac-life-support-a-case-report
#4
Chris Giordano, Jordan Miller, Ilan Keidan
Percussion pacing involves using one's fist to repeatedly strike a patient's left sternal border in a rhythmic manner. The resulting increase in ventricular pressure can trigger myocardial depolarization and subsequent contraction. We describe the successful treatment of acute preoperative symptomatic sinus bradycardia with percussion pacing in a 63-year-old patient scheduled for placement of a gastric feeding tube after trauma involving spinal cord injury. Although no longer included in current advanced cardiovascular life support guidelines, percussion pacing may be a suitable alternative to chest compressions in multitrauma cases where the force of compressions could cause further complications...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680811/does-the-age-of-acute-care-physicians-impact-their-1-crisis-management-performance-and-2-learning-after-simulation-based-education-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-in-toronto-and-ottawa-canada
#5
Fahad Alam, Vicki R LeBlanc, Alan Baxter, Jordan Tarshis, Dominique Piquette, Yuqi Gu, Caroline Filipkowska, Ashley Krywenky, Nicole Kester-Greene, Pierre Cardinal, Shelly Au, Sandy Lam, Sylvain Boet, Perioperative Anesthesia Clinical Trials Group
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of older acute care physicians (ACPs) has been steadily increasing. Ageing is associated with physiological changes and prospective research investigating how such age-related physiological changes affect clinical performance, including crisis resource management (CRM) skills, is lacking. There is a gap in the literature on whether physician's age influences baseline CRM performance and also learning from simulation. We aim to investigate whether ageing is associated with baseline CRM skills of ACPs (emergency, critical care and anaesthesia) using simulated crisis scenarios and to assess whether ageing influences learning from simulation-based education...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674944/dunye-guanxinning-improves-acute-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-neutrophil-infiltration-and-caspase-1-activity
#6
Q G Zhang, S R Wang, X M Chen, H N Guo, S Ling, J W Xu
Acute myocardial infarction is the most serious manifestation of cardiovascular disease, and it is a life-threatening condition. Dunye Guanxinning (DG) is a protective traditional Chinese patent herbal medicine with high clinical efficacy and suitable for the treatment of myocardial infarction. However, the mechanism through which it is beneficial is unclear. In this study, we hypothesized that DG improves acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting neutrophil infiltration and caspase-1 activity...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664423/long-term-follow-up-of-antithrombotic-management-patterns-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients
#7
Fatih Sinan Ertaş, Lale Tokgozoglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the longterm, post-discharge follow-up of antithrombotic management patterns (AMPs), clinical outcomes, and real-life health status of patients hospitalized acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: A total of 1034 patients hospitalized for ACS within 24 hours of symptom onset who survived to discharge were included. Of those, 514 had ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 520 had unstable angina (UA)/non-STEMI (NSTEMI)...
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556582/premature-discontinuation-of-curative-radiation-therapy-insights-from-head-and-neck-irradiation
#8
Stanislav Lazarev, Vishal Gupta, Zahra Ghiassi-Nejad, Brett Miles, Bethann Scarborough, Krzysztof J Misiukiewicz, Batya Reckson, Ren-Dih Sheu, Richard L Bakst
Purpose: Factors related to premature discontinuation of curative radiation therapy (PDCRT) are understudied. This study aimed to examine causes and clinical outcomes of PDCRT at our institution by investigating the most common anatomical site associated with PDCRT. Methods and materials: Among the 161 patients with PDCRT of various anatomic sites at our institution between 2010 and 2017, 36% received radiation to the head and neck region. Pertinent demographic, clinical, and treatment-related data on these 58 patients were collected...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488273/homeless-people-s-experiences-of-medical-respite-care-following-acute-hospitalisation-in-denmark
#9
Maja Pedersen, Camilla Bring, Nina Brünés, Ove Andersen, Janne Petersen, Mary Jarden
The aim of this study was to explore homeless people's health perspectives and experiences of a 2-week medical respite care programme following acute hospitalisation. There is a high level of health inequality when comparing the health status of homeless people to the general population, including increased mortality and morbidity. Homelessness predisposes an increased risk of infectious disease, cancer and chronic illness, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, homeless people have a higher frequency of acute hospitalisation than general population estimates...
February 28, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484504/the-effect-of-multidisciplinary-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-team-on-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-severe-acute-respiratory-failure
#10
Soo Jin Na, Chi Ryang Chung, Hee Jung Choi, Yang Hyun Cho, Kiick Sung, Jeong Hoon Yang, Gee Young Suh, Kyeongman Jeon
BACKGROUND: The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) has suggested that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients should be managed by a multidisciplinary team. However, there are limited data on the impact of ECMO team on the outcomes of patients with severe acute respiratory failure. METHODS: All consecutive patients with severe acute respiratory failure who underwent ECMO for respiratory support from January 2012 through December 2016 were divided into the pre-ECMO team period (before January 2014, n = 70) and the post-ECMO team period (after January 2014, n = 46)...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419562/acupuncture-and-cardiovascular-disease-focus-on-heart-failure
#11
Yu-Ming Ni, William H Frishman
Symptomatic heart failure is managed with interdisciplinary approaches to reduce acute exacerbations and to improve mortality. Acupuncture is a standardized treatment of Traditional Chinese Medicine that has been shown to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system via a neurohumoral pathway known as the long-loop pathway. This article serves to examine recent evidence supporting the long-loop pathway as the physiologic mechanism of acupuncture and the sympatholytic, vasodilatory, and cardioprotective effects of acupuncture that could specifically improve cardiac function and quality of life measures in the management of congestive heart failure...
March 2018: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346407/relaxin-reverses-inflammatory-and-immune-signals-in-aged-hearts
#12
Brian Martin, Beth Ann Gabris-Weber, Rajiv Reddy, Guillermo Romero, Ansuman Chattopadhyay, Guy Salama
BACKGROUND: 'Healthy' aging drives structural and functional changes in the heart including maladaptive electrical remodeling, fibrosis and inflammation, which lower the threshold for cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Despite mixed results in recent clinical trials, Relaxin-therapy for 2-days could reduce mortality by 37% at 180-days post-treatment, in patients with acute decompensated HF. Relaxin's short life-span (hours) but long-lasting protective actions led us to test the hypothesis that relaxin acts at a genomic level to reverse maladaptive remodeling in aging and HF...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344082/implementing-guidelines-on-physical-health-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting-a-quality-improvement-approach
#13
Stuart Green, Ed Beveridge, Liz Evans, Jenny Trite, Sandra Jayacodi, Rachel Evered, Caroline Parker, Luca Polledri, Emily Tabb, John Green, Anton Manickam, Joanna Williams, Rebecca Deere, Bill Tiplady
Background: In the UK, life expectancy for people living with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, is reduced by 15-20 years compared with the general population. In recent years, evidence based guidelines/policies designed to improve their physical health have been published, yet a gap remains between recommendations and practice. This case study describes how guidelines to support physical health were implemented using a quality improvement approach...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297082/enhancing-recovery-from-sepsis-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Hallie C Prescott, Derek C Angus
Importance: Survival from sepsis has improved in recent years, resulting in an increasing number of patients who have survived sepsis treatment. Current sepsis guidelines do not provide guidance on posthospital care or recovery. Observations: Each year, more than 19 million individuals develop sepsis, defined as a life-threatening acute organ dysfunction secondary to infection. Approximately 14 million survive to hospital discharge and their prognosis varies. Half of patients recover, one-third die during the following year, and one-sixth have severe persistent impairments...
January 2, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241237/delayed-hyperbaric-intervention-in-life-threatening-decompression-illness
#15
Michael Fm Perez, Janet V Ongkeko Perez, April R Serrano, Maravic P Andal, Maria Cc Aldover
Arterial gas embolism is a catastrophic event. Bubbles in the arterial circulation may lodge in the brain and cause infarction in the affected area and/or in a coronary vessel causing acute myocardial ischaemia. There is no well-defined window of time beyond which a response to hyperbaric oxygen is not expected. Major improvement may occur if the patient is treated as soon as possible, but is less likely in divers with severe decompression illness who have delayed intervention. We report on a 51-year-old, male rebreather diver who suffered loss of consciousness and cardiovascular collapse within minutes of a 30-metre deep dive at a remote Micronesian dive site...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183830/improving-cannulation-time-for-extracorporeal-life-support-in-refractory-cardiac-arrest-of-presumed-cardiac-cause-comparison-of-two-percutaneous-cannulation-techniques-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-in-a-center-without-on-site-cardiovascular-surgery
#16
Sebastian Voicu, Patrick Henry, Isabelle Malissin, Dillinger Jean-Guillaume, Anastasios Koumoulidis, Nikos Magkoutis, Demetris Yannopoulos, Damien Logeart, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Nicolas Péron, Nicolas Deye, Bruno Megarbane, Georgios Sideris
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest (CA) without return of spontaneous circulation can be treated with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vaECMO) implemented surgically or percutaneously. We performed a study assessing time for vaECMO percutaneous cannulation in the catheterization laboratory. METHODS: Single-centre retrospective study in a University hospital without on-site cardiovascular surgery, including patients aged >18 receiving vaECMO for out- or in-hospital refractory CA of presumed cardiac cause between 2010 and 2016, cannulated by interventional cardiologists...
January 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149019/incidence-and-consequences-of-near-drowning-related-pneumonia-a-descriptive-series-from-martinique-french-west-indies
#17
Laura Cerland, Bruno Mégarbane, Hatem Kallel, Yanick Brouste, Hossein Mehdaoui, Dabor Resiere
Drowning represents one major cause of accidental death. Near-drowning patients are exposed to aspiration that may result in pneumonia with life-threatening consequences. We designed this descriptive study to investigate the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia. One hundred and forty-four near-drowning patients (33 children and 111 adults) admitted during four years to the University Hospital of Martinique, French Indies, were included. Patients presented pre-hospital cardiac arrest (41%) and exhibited acute respiratory failure (54%), cardiovascular failure (27%), and lactic acidosis (75%) on admission...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137693/another-chance-at-life-jordanian-patients-experience-of-going-through-a-myocardial-infarction
#18
Ali Ahmad Ammouri, Joy Kabasindi Kamanyire, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Susan Achora, Arwa Atef Obeidat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening health condition that has physical, spiritual, emotional, and social changes. Understanding feelings and thoughts of patients who suffered MI attacks is essential to recovery. Among Jordanian patients who suffered an acute attack of MI, the aim of the study was to describe the experiences and the varied meanings that they assign to their experiences. METHODS: A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological research design was used...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135530/should-percussion-pacing-have-a-role-in-perioperative-advanced-cardiac-life-support-a-case-report
#19
Chris Giordano, Jordan Miller, Ilan Keidan
Percussion pacing involves using one's fist to repeatedly strike a patient's left sternal border in a rhythmic manner. The resulting increase in ventricular pressure can trigger myocardial depolarization and subsequent contraction. We describe the successful treatment of acute preoperative symptomatic sinus bradycardia with percussion pacing in a 63-year-old patient scheduled for placement of a gastric feeding tube after trauma involving spinal cord injury. Although no longer included in current advanced cardiovascular life support guidelines, percussion pacing may be a suitable alternative to chest compressions in multitrauma cases where the force of compressions could cause further complications...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939923/-thyroid-emergencies-thyroid-storm-and-myxedema-coma
#20
REVIEW
C Spitzweg, M Reincke, R Gärtner
Thyroid emergencies are rare life-threatening endocrine conditions resulting from either decompensated thyrotoxicosis (thyroid storm) or severe thyroid hormone deficiency (myxedema coma). Both conditions develop out of a long-standing undiagnosed or untreated hyper- or hypothyroidism, respectively, precipitated by an acute stress-associated event, such as infection, trauma, or surgery. Cardinal features of thyroid storm are myasthenia, cardiovascular symptoms, in particular tachycardia, as well as hyperthermia and central nervous system dysfunction...
October 2017: Der Internist
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