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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214737/identification-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-disorder-a-case-report
#1
Margo E Godersky, Laura K Vercammen, Alicia S Ventura, Alexander Y Walley, Richard Saitz
Commonly used for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most frequently used medications in the world. In spite of their prevalence, reports of NSAID misuse and NSAID use disorder are uncommon. This case report describes a research participant who met criteria for DSM-5 moderate substance use disorder based on her use of prescribed ibuprofen as assessed by the validated Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). This case demonstrates that the DSM-5 criteria within the MINI can be applied to diagnose an NSAID use disorder...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209195/qualitative-exploration-of-why-people-repeatedly-attend-emergency-departments-for-alcohol-related-reasons
#2
Tom Parkman, Joanne Neale, Ed Day, Colin Drummond
BACKGROUND: Understanding why people repeatedly attend Emergency Departments (EDs) for alcohol-related reasons is an important prerequisite to identifying ways of reducing any unnecessary demands on hospital resources. We use Andersen's Behavioural Model of Health Services Use to explore factors that contributed to repeat ED attendances. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 people who repeatedly attended EDs for alcohol-related reasons (≥10 attendances in the past 12 months)...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202070/social-capital-and-job-satisfaction-among-substance-abuse-treatment-employees
#3
Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is an important predictor for management and clinical ratios. Although it is accepted that is affected by many aspects, the influence of social capital remains to be determined. The main purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and individual social capital for employees offering services in the treatment of addiction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 employees from 14 therapeutic programs at KETEA (Therapy Center for Dependent Individuals in Greece) (KETHEA)...
February 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198992/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-1
#4
Tadeusz M Zielonka
A discussion about disadvantages of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has recently broken out. There are even opinions that they are as harmful as regular cigarettes. However, this has not been proved, and theoretical premises suggest that e-cigarettes should be definitely less harmful as while using them, tobacco is not burned and harmful substances, in particular carcinogens are not produced. Certain premises assume that e-cigarettes may be used as a new form of nicotine replacement therapy, but this has not been confirmed yet...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195817/eye-movement-evidence-of-attentional-bias-for-substance-related-cues-in-heroin-dependents-on-methadone-maintenance-therapy
#5
Hui Zhao, Bo Yang, Qian Zhu, Guangqun Zhang, Yuqin Xiao, Xiao Guo, Xiu Huang, Zhuo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Attentional biases toward substance-related stimuli might play a contributing role in addictive behaviors. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the selective attention to substance-related stimuli in heroin dependents receiving methadone maintenance therapy. METHODS: Thirty outpatients receiving methadone maintenance treatment for heroin dependence and 38 healthy controls completed a visual probe task with concurrent eye movement monitoring...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194203/behavioral-activation-and-inhibition-system-s-role-in-predicting-addictive-behaviors-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-of-roozbeh-psychiatric-hospital
#6
Moslem Abbasi, Hasan Sadeghi, Zabih Pirani, Leyla Vatandoust
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, prevalence of addictive behaviors among bipolar patients is considered to be a serious health threat by the World Health Organization. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of behavioral activation and inhibition systems in predicting addictive behaviors of male patients with bipolar disorder at the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research method used in this study is correlation. The study population consisted of 80 male patients with bipolar disorder referring to the psychiatrics clinics of Tehran city in 2014 who were referred to the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194001/enhancing-vta-cav1-3-l-type-ca-2-channel-activity-promotes-cocaine-and-mood-related-behaviors-via-overlapping-ampa-receptor-mechanisms-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#7
A Martínez-Rivera, J Hao, T F Tropea, T P Giordano, M Kosovsky, R C Rice, A Lee, R L Huganir, J Striessnig, N A Addy, S Han, A M Rajadhyaksha
Genetic factors significantly influence susceptibility for substance abuse and mood disorders. Rodent studies have begun to elucidate a role of Cav1.3 L-type Ca(2+) channels in neuropsychiatric-related behaviors, such as addictive and depressive-like behaviors. Human studies have also linked the CACNA1D gene, which codes for the Cav1.3 protein, with bipolar disorder. However, the neurocircuitry and the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of Cav1.3 in neuropsychiatric phenotypes are not well established...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190543/quality-of-life-as-an-outcome-of-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-a-systematic-review
#8
Jeremy W Bray, Brandon Aden, Ashley A Eggman, Leah Hellerstein, Eve Wittenberg, Bohdan Nosyk, Judy C Stribling, Bruce R Schackman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The recent opioid epidemic has prompted renewed interest in opioid use disorder treatment, but there is little evidence regarding health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) outcomes in treatment programs. Measuring HRQoL represents an opportunity to consider outcomes of opioid use disorder treatment that are more patient-centered and more relevant to overall health than abstinence alone. We conducted a systematic literature review to explore the extent to which the collection of HRQoL by opioid treatment programs is documented in the treatment program literature...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187774/assessing-the-experience-of-using-synthetic-cannabinoids-by-means-of-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#9
Szilvia Kassai, Judit Nóra Pintér, József Rácz, Brigitta Böröndi, Tamás Tóth-Karikó, Kitti Kerekes, V Anna Gyarmathy
BACKGROUND: New psychoactive substances (NPS) have been increasingly consumed by people who use drugs in recent years, which pose a new challenge for treatment services. One of the largest groups of NPS is synthetic cannabinoids (SCs), which are intended as a replacement to cannabis. While there is an increasing body of research on the motivation and the effects associated with SC use, little is known about the subjective interpretation of SC use by the people who use drugs themselves...
February 10, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#10
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176155/genetic-counseling-for-alcohol-addiction-assessing-perceptions-and-potential-utility-in-individuals-with-lived-experience-and-their-family-members
#11
Fayth M Kalb, Victoria Vincent, Teresa Herzog, Jehannine Austin
Though addictions to substances including alcohol are highly heritable, there have been no studies regarding the possible applicability of genetic counseling to this set of conditions. Adults (≥18 years old) with a personal and/or family history of alcohol addiction were recruited to participate in an online survey-based study comprising 43 questions about beliefs/concern about recurrence risk and etiology of alcohol addiction and its impact on childbearing decisions, and perceptions of potential utility of genetic counseling for alcohol addiction...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174137/reward-loss-and-addiction-opportunities-for-cross-pollination
#12
REVIEW
Leonardo A Ortega, José L Solano, Carmen Torres, Mauricio R Papini
Paradigms used to study the response to and consequences of exposure to reward loss have been underutilized in approaches to the psychobiology of substance use disorders. We propose here that bringing these two areas into contact will help expanding our understanding of both reward loss and addictive behavior, hence opening up opportunities for cross-pollination. This review focuses on two lines of research that point to parallels. First, several neurochemical systems involved in addiction are also involved in the modulation of the behavioral effects of reward loss, including opioid, GABA, and dopamine receptors...
February 4, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170057/animal-models-of-drug-addiction
#13
María Pilar García Pardo, Concepción Roger Sánchez, José Enrique De la Rubia Ortí, María Asunción Aguilar Calpe
The development of animal models of drug reward and addiction is an essential factor for progress in understanding the biological basis of this disorder and for the identification of new therapeutic targets. Depending on the component of reward to be studied, one type of animal model or another may be used. There are models of reinforcement based on the primary hedonic effect produced by the consumption of the addictive substance, such as the self-administration (SA) and intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) paradigms, and there are models based on the component of reward related to associative learning and cognitive ability to make predictions about obtaining reward in the future, such as the conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170052/illicit-drug-policy-in-spain-the-opinion-of-health-and-legal-professionals
#14
Paola Rossi, Ester Blay, Víctor Costela, Marta Torrens
The high frequency of criminal behaviour and related legal problems associated with substance addiction generates a field of interaction between legal and healthcare systems. This study was developed as a multicentre project to investigate the opinions of professionals from legal and healthcare systems about policies on illegal drugs and their implementation in practice. A multiple choice questionnaire designed ad hoc was administered to a sample of 230 professionals from legal and healthcare fields working in the cities of Barcelona, Granada and Bilbao...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167747/integrated-collaborative-care-teams-to-enhance-service-delivery-to-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-challenges-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Joanna L Henderson, Amy Cheung, Kristin Cleverley, Gloria Chaim, Myla E Moretti, Claire de Oliveira, Lisa D Hawke, Andrew R Willan, David O'Brien, Olivia Heffernan, Tyson Herzog, Lynn Courey, Heather McDonald, Enid Grant, Peter Szatmari
INTRODUCTION: Among youth, the prevalence of mental health and addiction (MHA) disorders is roughly 20%, yet youth are challenged to access evidence-based services in a timely fashion. To address MHA system gaps, this study tests the benefits of an Integrated Collaborative Care Team (ICCT) model for youth with MHA challenges. A rapid, stepped-care approach geared to need in a youth-friendly environment is expected to result in better youth MHA outcomes. Moreover, the ICCT approach is expected to decrease service wait-times, be more youth-friendly and family-friendly, and be more cost-effective, providing substantial public health benefits...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166473/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-outcomes-of-smoking-cessation-pharmacotherapy-among-persons-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#16
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Vivek Anand, Milan Khara
OBJECTIVES: It is common practice to individualize smoking cessation pharmacotherapy based on clinical judgement and patient response. However, little has been documented about the use and outcomes of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy in 'real world' settings. This study examines factors associated with using smoking cessation pharmacotherapy and related outcomes among smokers with psychiatric and/or substance use disorders who completed an intensive tobacco treatment program within mental health and addictions services settings in Vancouver, Canada...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165272/systematic-review-of-smart-recovery-outcomes-process-variables-and-implications-for-research
#17
Alison K Beck, Erin Forbes, Amanda L Baker, Peter J Kelly, Frank P Deane, Anthony Shakeshaft, David Hunt, John F Kelly
Clinical guidelines recommend Self-Management and Recovery Training (SMART Recovery) and 12-step models of mutual aid as important sources of long-term support for addiction recovery. Methodologically rigorous reviews of the efficacy and potential mechanisms of change are available for the predominant 12-step approach. A similarly rigorous exploration of SMART Recovery has yet to be undertaken. We aim to address this gap by providing a systematic overview of the evidence for SMART Recovery in adults with problematic alcohol, substance, and/or behavioral addiction, including (i) a commentary on outcomes assessed, process variables, feasibility, current understanding of mental health outcomes, and (ii) a critical evaluation of the methodology...
February 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161613/linking-empathy-to-visuospatial-perspective-taking-in-gambling-addiction
#18
Alexander Tomei, Jacques Besson, Jeremy Grivel
It has been demonstrated that people suffering from substance-related addictions are less empathic than their non-addicted counterparts. Our first aim was to verify if this is also true for behavioral addictions. We hypothesized that problem gamblers are less empathic than healthy controls. Our second aim was to identify a cognitive marker of empathy that could be targeted in cognitive rehabilitation strategies. We propose that a potential cognitive marker of empathy could be visuospatial perspective-taking...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161446/drunk-bugs-chronic-vapour-alcohol-exposure-induces-marked-changes-in-the-gut-microbiome-in-mice
#19
Veronica L Peterson, Nicholas J Jury, Raúl Cabrera-Rubio, Lorraine A Draper, Fiona Crispie, Paul D Cotter, Timothy G Dinan, Andrew Holmes, John F Cryan
The gut microbiota includes a community of bacteria that play an integral part in host health and biological processes. Pronounced and repeated findings have linked gut microbiome to stress, anxiety, and depression. Currently, however, there remains only a limited set of studies focusing on microbiota change in substance abuse, including alcohol use disorder. To date, no studies have investigated the impact of vapour alcohol administration on the gut microbiome. For research on gut microbiota and addiction to proceed, an understanding of how route of drug administration affects gut microbiota must first be established...
February 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153646/-differences-in-access-to-internet-and-internet-based-information-seeking-according-to-the-type-of-psychiatric-disorder
#20
P Brunault, A Bray, C Rerolle, S Cognet, P Gaillard, W El-Hage
BACKGROUND: Internet has become a major tool for patients to search for health-related information and to communicate on health. We currently lack data on how patients with psychiatric disorders access and use Internet to search for information on their mental health. This study aimed to assess, in patients followed for a psychiatric disorder (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, mood and anxiety disorder, substance-related and addictive disorders and eating disorders), prevalence of Internet access and use, and patient expectations and needs regarding the use of Internet to search for mental-health information depending on the psychiatric disorder...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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