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Prosthetic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106966/pericardial-fat-flap-surgical-technique-for-infection-control-after-graft-replacement
#1
Yoshitsugu Nakamura, Yohei Kawatani, Yujiro Ito, Takaki Hori
Surgical treatment of mycotic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta is challenging because contamination from surrounding tissues may occur even after complete debridement with a prosthetic graft replacement of the aneurysm. This study describes the simple but very useful technique of using a pericardial fat flap to protect the prosthetic graft from reinfection.
January 18, 2017: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100097/spina-bifida-and-lower-limb-amputation-in-northern-ireland-a-retrospective-study-of-demographics-and-outcome
#2
Lorraine Graham
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida is an uncommon cause for lower limb amputation. The causes and level of amputation and mobility outcome for these patients have not been reported previously. CASE DESCRIPTION: To identify the causes and level of amputation and the mobility outcome for amputee patients with spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Chart review of patients identified by computer as having an amputation secondary to neurological or congenital cause...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096320/streptococcus-gordonii-a-rare-cause-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-a-total-hip-replacement
#3
Christopher Fenelon, John G Galbraith, David M Dalton, Eric Masterson
A 69-year-old female with a history of bilateral total hip replacements presented with rigors, fever and sudden onset left groin pain. A pelvic X-ray showed well-fixed implants. Blood results revealed a leucocytosis (white cell count 22.3 × 10(9) l(-1)) and elevated C-reactive protein (211 mg/l). Ultrasound-guided aspiration of her left hip grew Streptococcus gordonii No source infection could be identified apart from a new chronic sinus infection in a left upper incisor. Following a discussion with the patient a 6-week course of intravenous ceftriaxone was started and was successful in normalizing her inflammatory markers...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094193/factors-associated-with-infection-after-reconstructive-shoulder-surgery-for-proximal-humerus-tumors
#4
Sjoerd Th Meijer, Nuno R Paulino Pereira, Sjoerd P F Th Nota, Marco L Ferrone, Joseph H Schwab, Santiago A Lozano Calderón
BACKGROUND: The main reconstruction techniques for proximal humerus tumors include osteoarticular allografts (OAs), endoprostheses (EPs), or allograft prosthetic composites (APCs). A common complication is infection, and constructs involving the use of allografts are believed to be at a higher risk of infection. Literature comparing infection rates between different modalities of reconstruction is scarce and underpowered. The study purposes were (1) to determine and compare the prevalence of infection in patients who underwent reconstruction of the proximal humerus including OAs, EPs, and APCs; (2) to identify preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative predictors of infection that might be modifiable; and (3) to present our protocol of treatment in patients with superficial and deep infections...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094191/functional-results-of-bilateral-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Chris R Mellano, Robert Thorsness, Peter N Chalmers, Terrence F Feldheim, Patrick O'Donnell, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory P Nicholson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze a population of patients with bilateral reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) to evaluate their ability to perform activities of daily living and personal hygiene tasks. METHODS: At a minimum 2-year follow-up, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients (100 shoulders) with a mean age of 72 years who underwent staged bilateral RTSA. The average follow-up period was 61 months (range, 24-121 months), with a minimum 2-year follow-up after the second surgical procedure...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088711/surgery-for-chronic-mesh-infection-occurred-10-years-after-sacrectomy-mesh-resection-and-mesentric-leaf-repair-a-case-report
#6
Makoto Koyama, Yusuke Miyagawa, Yuta Yamamoto, Masato Kitazawa, Akira Suzuki, Satoshi Ishizone, Shinichi Miyagawa
INTRODUCTION: Sacrectomy to treat malignant tumors is often results in large pelvic defects to require reconstruction, using a prosthetic mesh. Importance is to avoid its direct contact of mesh with intestine to prevent adhesion between them. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 83-year old woman who was diagnosed with a mesh infection caused by a small bowel penetration 10 years after sacrectomy combined with mesh reconstruction for chordoma. In the first operation, because of incomplete re-peritonealization due to a large defect in the retroperitoneum, a mesh unavoidably was compelled to contact with the small intestine...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087166/future-surgery-after-revision-shoulder-arthroplasty-the-impact-of-unexpected-positive-cultures
#7
Eric M Padegimas, Cassandra Lawrence, Alexa C Narzikul, Benjamin M Zmistowski, Joseph A Abboud, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: The clinical implications and treatment of unexpected positive cultures (UPCs) in revision shoulder arthroplasty are not well defined. The purpose of this study was to describe results of patients with and without UPCs after revision shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A single institutional database was used to retrospectively identify all revision shoulder arthroplasties performed between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2013. Patients with preoperative suspicion of infection were excluded...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079630/18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-and-infectious-diseases-current-applications-and-future-perspectives
#8
Matteo Bassetti, Alessia Carnelutti, Daniele Muser, Elda Righi, Nicola Petrosillo, Fernando Di Gregorio, Thomas J Werner, Abass Alavi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography is a well-established technique for diagnosis and management of a number of neoplastic conditions. However, in recent years the body of literature regarding its potential role in infectious diseases has progressively increased, with promising results. RECENT FINDINGS: So far 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography has a well-established role and is recommended by guidelines only in a few settings, such as prosthetic valve endocarditis, vascular device infections, and chronic osteomyelitis...
January 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074774/the-dair-debridement-antibiotics-and-implant-retention-procedure-for-infected-total-knee-replacement-a-literature-review
#9
Sultan Naseer Qasim, Andrew Swann, Robert Ashford
Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and third most common cause of revision of TKA with significant morbidity and surgical challenges. Treatment options include non-operative measures with long term antibiotic suppression, debridement and implant retention (DAIR), one- or two-stage revision arthroplasty, arthrodesis and amputation. Implant retention without infection is ideal and DAIR has been reported to have variable success rates depending on patient factors, duration of infection, infecting micro-organisms, choice of procedure, single or multiple debridement procedures, arthroscopic or open, antibiotic choice and duration of antibiotic use...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074257/outcomes-of-dual-mobility-cups-in-a-young-middle-eastern-population-and-its-influence-on-life-style
#10
Chahine Assi, Elie El-Najjar, Camille Samaha, Kaissar Yammine
Dual mobility cups (DMC) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) are becoming popular among orthopaedic surgeons. Substantial benefit of their use has been reported among high risk patients, particularly in reducing post-operative hip instability (dislocation). Many reports stated some concern when implanted in young and active people where complications such as polyethylene wear and mechanical loosening could potentially be higher. This Middle Eastern study analyses a retrospective series of THA for any aetiology other than infection, using DMC for the acetabular component in 75 patients (85 implants) less than 70 years old...
January 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070628/osseointegrated-prosthetic-limb-for-the-treatment-of-lower-limb-amputations-experience-and-outcomes
#11
Munjed Al Muderis, William Lu, Jiao Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: Osseointegration has emerged over the past two decades as a dramatically different approach for the treatment of lower limb amputations, which involves direct attachment of the prosthesis to the skeletal residuum. This approach can address many of the socket-interface issues associated with socket prostheses which represent the current standard of care for amputees. The Osseointegrated Prosthetic Limb (OPL) is an osseointegration implant with a new design and improved features compared to other available implant systems...
January 9, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066521/interventions-to-manage-residual-limb-ulceration-due-to-prosthetic-use-in-individuals-with-lower-extremity-amputation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Tyler D Klenow, Casey R Andrews, Katherine L Lewis, Rachel C Bradley, Jessica M Ward, John J Orriola, James T Highsmith
Patients with lower extremity amputation (LEA) experience 65% more dermatologic issues than non-amputees, and skin problems are experienced by ≈75% of LEA patients who use prostheses. Continuously referring LEA patients to a dermatologist for every stump related skin condition may be impractical. Thus, physical rehabilitation professionals should be prepared to recognize and manage common non-emergent skin conditions in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the quantity, quality, and strength of available evidence supporting treatment methods for prosthesis-related residual limb (RL) ulcers...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065906/incidence-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-infective-endocarditis-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-focus-on-the-use-of-prosthetic-material
#13
Joey M Kuijpers, Dave R Koolbergen, Maarten Groenink, Kathinka C H Peels, Constant L A Reichert, Marco C Post, Hans A Bosker, Elly M C J Wajon, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara J M Mulder, Berto J Bouma
AIMS: Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) predisposes to infective endocarditis (IE). Surgical advancements have changed the ACHD population, whereas associated prosthetic material may constitute additional IE targets. We aimed to prospectively determine contemporary incidence, risk factors, and predictors of IE in a nationwide ACHD cohort, focusing on the presence of prosthetics. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 14 224 patients prospectively followed in the CONCOR ACHD registry (50...
January 8, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065351/editorial-comment-preoperative-urine-culture-results-correlate-poorly-with-bacteriology-of-urologic-prosthetic-device-infections
#14
Nelson Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065350/preoperative-urine-culture-results-correlate-poorly-with-bacteriology-of-urologic-prosthetic-device-infections
#15
Nicholas L Kavoussi, Jordan A Siegel, Boyd R Viers, Travis J Pagliara, Matthias D Hofer, Billy H Cordon, Nabeel Shakir, Jeremy M Scott, Allen F Morey
INTRODUCTION: Although preoperative negative urine culture results and treatment of urinary tract infections are generally advised before artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and penile prosthesis (PP) surgery to prevent device infection, limited evidence exists to support this practice. AIM: To evaluate the relation between preoperative urine culture results and the bacteriology of prosthetic device infections. METHODS: Men undergoing AUS and/or PP placement at a tertiary referral center from 2007 through 2015 were analyzed...
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057559/propionibacterium-acnes-endocarditis-a-case-series
#16
Jona M Banzon, Susan J Rehm, Steven M Gordon, Syed T Hussain, Gosta B Pettersson, Nabin K Shrestha
OBJECTIVES: Propionibacterium acnes remains a rare cause of infective endocarditis (IE). It is challenging to diagnose due to the organism's fastidious nature and the indolent presentation of the disease. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical presentation and management of P. acnes IE with an emphasis on the methods of diagnosis. METHODS: We identified patients from the Cleveland Clinic Infective Endocarditis Registry who were admitted from 2007 to 2015 with definite IE by Duke Criteria...
January 2, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054327/obesity-epidemic-is-its-impact-on-total-joint-arthroplasty-underestimated-an-analysis-of-national-trends
#17
Jaiben George, Alison K Klika, Suparna M Navale, Jared M Newman, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and a number of complications including prosthetic joint infection. The annual changes in the prevalence of obesity among primary, revision, and infected TJA has not been studied at a national level. Given the higher costs of complications of TJA, it is important to understand the association of obesity with the annual trends of revision and infected TJA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients undergoing THA/TKA? (2) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients undergoing revision THA/TKA? (3) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients with infected THA/TKA? METHODS: Annual volumes of primary, revision, and infected THA and TKA from 1998 to 2011 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050350/diffuse-skin-hyperpigmentation-associated-with-chronic-minocycline-use-in-a-patient-with-prosthetic-joint-infection
#18
Hadi Berbari, Elie F Berbari, Irene G Sia
Cutaneous hyperpigmentation is a recognized adverse effect of chronic minocycline use occurring in up to 50% of patients. In this report we present a rare case of extensive skin hyperpigmentation involving both lower extremities in a patient receiving long term minocycline. The patient was receiving minocycline as suppression for chronic prosthetic joint infection. Risk factors associated with minocycline-induced cutaneous pigmentation (MICH) will be reviewed.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050071/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-methicillin-resistance-among-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#19
Puneet Bhatt, Kundan Tandel, Alina Singh, M Kumar, Naveen Grover, A K Sahni
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (MR-CoNS) have emerged as an important cause of nosocomial infections especially in patients with prosthetic devices and implants. This study was conducted with an aim to determine the prevalence of methicillin resistance among CoNS isolates at a tertiary care center by both phenotypic and genotypic methods. METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out from September 2011 to February 2014 in which 150 non-repetitive clinical isolates of CoNS were identified at the species level by conventional phenotypic methods...
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046049/health-care-needs-and-support-for-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-following-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#20
Setor K Kunutsor, Andrew D Beswick, Tim J Peters, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Michael R Whitehouse, Ashley W Blom, Andrew J Moore
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasty are common interventions for the treatment of joint conditions, most notably osteoarthritis. Although many patients benefit from surgery, approximately 1% of patients develop infection afterwards known as deep prosthetic joint infection (PJI), which often requires further major surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess support needs of patients undergoing treatment for PJI following hip or knee arthroplasty and to identify and evaluate what interventions are routinely offered to support such patients...
2017: PloS One
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