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Veterinary pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641507/the-acvp-stp-coalition-for-veterinary-pathology-fellows-celebrates-32-new-training-positions
#1
Gary Cockerell, Cory Brayton, Anne Barger, Brad Bolon
Since its creation in 2004, the Coalition for Veterinary Pathology Fellows, a partnership between the American College of Veterinary Pathologists and the Society of Toxicologic Pathology, has established 32 new training positions backed by US$7.4 million in financial support from private sponsors.
June 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641485/microarray-based-gene-expression-analysis-for-veterinary-pathologists-a-review
#2
Barbara B Raddatz, Ingo Spitzbarth, Katja A Matheis, Arno Kalkuhl, Ulrich Deschl, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Reiner Ulrich
High-throughput, genome-wide transcriptome analysis is now commonly used in all fields of life science research and is on the cusp of medical and veterinary diagnostic application. Transcriptomic methods such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing generate enormous amounts of data. The pathogenetic expertise acquired from understanding of general pathology provides veterinary pathologists with a profound background, which is essential in translating transcriptomic data into meaningful biological knowledge, thereby leading to a better understanding of underlying disease mechanisms...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639730/evaluation-of-thoracic-radiographs-as-a-screening-test-for-dogs-and-cats-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-veterinary-hospital-for-noncardiopulmonary-disease
#3
Christine L Keyserling, Yekaterina Buriko, Bridget M Lyons, Kenneth J Drobatz, Anthony J Fischetti
Thoracic radiographs are used as a screening tool for dogs and cats with a variety of disorders that have no clinical signs associated with thoracic structures. However, this practice has never been supported by an evidence-based study. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to determine if certain canine and feline populations have a higher proportion of radiographic abnormalities, and whether any of these abnormalities are associated with patient hospitalization and outcome. Patients were excluded if current or previous examinations revealed evidence of primary respiratory or cardiac disease, malignant neoplasia, or an abnormal breathing pattern consistent with pulmonary pathology...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627060/clinical-nutrition-counselling-service-in-the-veterinary-hospital-retrospective-analysis-of-equine-patients-and-nutritional-considerations
#4
D Vergnano, D Bergero, E Valle
Nutrition plays a very important role in the healthy and in the ill horse. Although research in this field clearly shows that incorrect nutritional practices may lead to severe pathologies, inappropriate feeding plans often continue to be used. A clinical nutrition counselling (CNC) service could thus be of great use to both horse owners and veterinarians. The aim of this study was to provide information on equine patients referred to the CNC service of the University of Turin and to provide standard dietary protocols as used in our Veterinary Teaching Hospital for the most common nutrition-related pathologies...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625889/massive-attack-of-honeybee-on-macaws-ara-ararauna-and-ara-chloropterus-in-brazil-a-case-report
#5
Elisane Lenita Milbradt, Tarcísio Macedo Silva, Alessandre Hataka, Carlos Roberto Teixeira, Adriano Sakai Okamoto, Raphael Lucio Andreatti Filho
Three adult birds of the species Ara chloropterus and five of the species Ara ararauna from a conservation breeding facility suffered a massive attack by honeybees. The A. chloropterus birds presented swollen puncture lesions with stingers (mainly in the facial regions without feathers), swelling of the eyelids and subcutaneous tissue, and respiratory distress, and they were treated with intramuscular injections of 1.67 mg/kg of promethazine and 10 mg/kg of hydrocortisone followed by removal of the stingers...
June 15, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622495/the-acvp-stp-coalition-for-veterinary-pathology-fellows-celebrates-32-new-training-positions
#6
Gary L Cockerell, Cory Brayton, Anne Barger, Brad Bolon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598511/evaluating-atlantic-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-leukocyte-differential-counts-comparing-the-cellavision-dm96-and-the-manual-method
#7
Julia Zaias, Christine Bradley, Jill Richardson, Holli C Eskelinen, Frances Ikpatt, Carolyn Cray
BACKGROUND: The leukocyte differential count is an excellent diagnostic tool; however, the manual differential count has several drawbacks, especially for nontraditional species. Automated cell analyzers commonly used in veterinary practices require species-specific validation for use in nondomestic species other than dogs and cats. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the potential of the CellaVision DM96 (DM96), an automated image analysis system, as a rapid and accurate method for providing a WBC differential count in comparison to the manual WBC differential count in bottlenose dolphins...
June 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593930/intra-articular-injections-of-ketamine-and-25-dextrose-improve-clinical-and-pathological-outcomes-in-the-monosodium-iodoacetate-model-of-osteoarthritis
#8
Yashashri C Shetty, Amol E Patil, Sharmila V Jalgaonkar, Nirmala N Rege, Sweta Salgaonkar, Prachi A Teltumbde, Sagar Kshirsagar, Paresh G Koli, Smita Brahma
BACKGROUND: The study evaluated the effect of intra-articular injections of ketamine and 25% dextrose with triamcinolone acetate (TA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on joint pathology and pain behavior in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA) in experimental mice. METHODS: In phase I, the MIA-induced OA model was standardized. In phase II, mice were divided into three groups: disease controls (DC), ketamine 12 mg/kg (K12) and ketamine 24 mg/kg (K24) to select an effective dose of ketamine for phase III...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592295/angiostrongylus-vasorum-infection-in-dogs-from-a-cardiopulmonary-dirofilariosis-endemic-area-of-northwestern-italy-a-case-study-and-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#9
Emanuela Olivieri, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Chiara Giudice, Paola Brambilla, Isa Alberti, Stefano Romussi, Rocco Lombardo, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Barbara Banco, Federico Maria Vanzulli, Fabrizia Veronesi, Maria Teresa Manfredi
BACKGROUND: In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can be challenging. In particular, in areas where angiostrongylosis and dirofilariosis overlap, a misleading diagnosis of cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis might occur even on the basis of possible misleading outcomes from diagnostic kits. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Cavalier King Charles spaniel dogs from an Italian breeding in the Northwest were referred to a private veterinary hospital with respiratory signs...
June 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592223/feline-leprosy-due-to-mycobacterium-lepraemurium
#10
Carolyn R O'Brien, Richard Malik, Maria Globan, George Reppas, Christina McCowan, Janet A Fyfe
OBJECTIVES: This paper, the second in a series of three on 'feline leprosy', provides a detailed description of disease referable to Mycobacterium lepraemurium, the most common cause of feline leprosy worldwide. METHODS: Cases were sourced retrospectively and prospectively for this observational study, describing clinical, geographical and molecular microbiological data for cats definitively diagnosed with M lepraemurium infection. RESULTS: A total of 145 cases of feline leprosy were scrutinised; 114 'new' cases were sourced from the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory records, veterinary pathology laboratories or veterinarians, and 31 cases were derived from six published studies...
July 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592222/the-feline-blood-film
#11
John W Harvey
Practical relevance: Many veterinary practices have invested in quality automated hematology instruments for use in-house. However, regardless of their specific choice of analyzer, there are important hematology findings that can only be determined by microscopic examination of stained blood films. For this reason, and also for the purpose of quality control for the analyzer, a quick blood film review should be performed alongside every automated complete blood count. Even those practices that submit their blood samples to outside diagnostic laboratories for evaluation, still require the capability to examine stained blood films in emergency situations...
July 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583045/recommendations-for-clinical-pathology-data-generation-interpretation-and-reporting-in-target-animal-safety-studies-for-veterinary-drug-development
#12
William Siska, Aradhana Gupta, Lindsay Tomlinson, Niraj Tripathi, Barbara von Beust
Clinical pathology testing is routinely performed in target animal safety studies in order to identify potential toxicity associated with administration of an investigational veterinary pharmaceutical product. Regulatory and other testing guidelines that address such studies provide recommendations for clinical pathology testing but occasionally contain outdated analytes and do not take into account interspecies physiologic differences that affect the practical selection of appropriate clinical pathology tests...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578626/the-pathologist-2-0-an-update-on-digital-pathology-in-veterinary-medicine
#13
Christof A Bertram, Robert Klopfleisch
Using light microscopy to describe the microarchitecture of normal and diseased tissues has changed very little since the middle of the 19th century. While the premise of histologic analysis remains intact, our relationship with the microscope is changing dramatically. Digital pathology offers new forms of visualization, and delivery of images is facilitated in unprecedented ways. This new technology can untether us entirely from our light microscopes, with many pathologists already performing their jobs using virtual microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578625/glomerular-lipidosis-in-dogs
#14
Rebecca A Kohnken, Hayley Amerman, Cathy A Brown, Eva Furrow, George E Lees, Rachel E Cianciolo
Glomerular lipidosis (GL) is characterized by dilated glomerular capillary loops containing lipid-laden cells (foam cells). Previously, GL was considered to be an incidental finding because affected dogs were typically not azotemic. However, the International Renal Interest Society staging system for canine chronic kidney disease has increased the awareness of other clinical parameters (eg, proteinuria and hypertension) that should be included in the assessment of renal function. As such, the aim of this study was to determine clinical abnormalities and concurrent renal lesions in dogs with GL...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573221/efficacy-and-safety-of-ban-huang-oral-liquid-for-treating-bovine-respiratory-diseases
#15
Bing Li, Xu-Zheng Zhou, Jian-Rong Niu, Xiao-Juan Wei, Jian-Yong Li, Ya-Jun Yang, Xi-Wang Liu, Fu-Sheng Cheng, Ji-Yu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Ban Huang oral liquid was developed as a veterinary compound preparation by the Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the oral liquid preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, Ban Huang, is safe and effective for treating respiratory diseases in cattle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute oral toxicity experiments were conducted in Wistar rats and Kunming mice via oral administration...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566080/-molecular-epidemiology-of-human-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-in-aegean-region-turkey
#16
Cengiz Çavuşoğlu, Fethiye Ferda Yılmaz
Mycobacterium bovis, which has a broader host spectrum as opposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis that generally causes disease in humans, mainly leads to chronic progressive pulmonary disease in a large number of domestic and wild mammals, particularly cattle. The term "zoonotic tuberculosis (TB)" is used to describe M.bovis infection in humans. "Zoonotic TB" can not be differentiated clinically, radiologically or pathologically from TB caused by M.tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of M...
April 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556532/feline-large-granular-lymphocyte-lymphoma-an-italian-society-of-veterinary-oncology-sioncov-retrospective-study
#17
R Finotello, M E Vasconi, S Sabattini, C Agnoli, C Giacoboni, M Annoni, A Dentini, G Bettini, P Guazzi, D Stefanello, E Bottero, P Mesto, R Marinelli, C De Feo, L Marconato
Feline large granular lymphocyte (LGL) lymphoma is an uncommon subtype of lymphoma characterized by a grave prognosis and scarce response to chemotherapy. There are limited reports on clinico-pathological and prognostic factors. One-hundred and 9 cats with newly diagnosed LGL lymphoma that underwent initial staging (including hematology, serum biochemistry, thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasound), and followed-up were retrospectively evaluated. LGL lymphoma was localized within the gastrointestinal tract with or without extra-intestinal involvement in 91...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555189/trigeminal-nerve-root-demyelination-not-seen-in-six-horses-diagnosed-with-trigeminal-mediated-headshaking
#18
Veronica L Roberts, Debra Fews, Jennifer M McNamara, Seth Love
Trigeminal-mediated headshaking is an idiopathic neuropathic facial pain syndrome in horses. There are clinical similarities to trigeminal neuralgia, a neuropathic facial pain syndrome in man, which is usually caused by demyelination of trigeminal sensory fibers within either the nerve root or, less commonly, the brainstem. Our hypothesis was that the neuropathological substrate of headshaking in horses is similar to that of trigeminal neuralgia in man. Trigeminal nerves, nerve roots, ganglia, infraorbital, and caudal nasal nerves from horse abattoir specimens and from horses euthanized due to trigeminal-mediated headshaking were removed, fixed, and processed for histological assessment by a veterinary pathologist and a neuropathologist with particular experience of trigeminal neuralgia histology...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535467/molecular-approaches-to-the-diagnosis-and-monitoring-of-production-diseases-in-pigs
#19
REVIEW
Timothy A Giles, Aouatif Belkhiri, Paul A Barrow, Neil Foster
Production disease in pigs is caused by a variety of different pathogens, mainly enteric and respiratory and can result in significant economic loss. Other factors such as stress, poor husbandry and nutrition can also contribute to an animal's susceptibility to disease. Molecular biomarkers of production disease could be of immense value by improving diagnosis and risk analysis to determine best practice with an impact on increased economic output and animal welfare. In addition to the use of multiplex PCR or microarrays to detect individual or mixed pathogens during infection, these technologies can also be used to monitor the host response to infection via gene expression...
May 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528892/hot-chicks-cold-feet
#20
Randi Oppermann Moe, Jon Bohlin, Andreas Flø, Guro Vasdal, Solveig Marie Stubsjøen
Infrared thermography (IRT) is increasingly applied as a noninvasive technique for measuring surface body temperature alterations related to e.g. stress, emotions and leg pathologies in avian species. As a basis for the validation of IRT as a future tool for veterinary diagnostics such as detection and/or prediction of subclinical footpad pathologies in broiler chickens, this study explored effects of manual restraint at two different ages on footpad temperatures. Head region temperatures were applied as additional measures of emotional arousal and stress...
May 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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