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myocardial reperfusion injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936461/pterostilbene-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-suppressing-oxidative-nitrative-stress-and-inflammatory-response
#1
Zhaoxia Yu, Shaohua Wang, Xiangyang Zhang, Ying Li, Qiang Zhao, Tao Liu
Recent studies have shown that pterostilbene (Pte) confers protection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. The oxidative/nitrative stress and inflammation induce injury after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. The present study was designed to evaluate whether treatment with Pte attenuates oxidative/nitrative stress and inflammation in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R). Rats were subjected to 30min of myocardial ischemia and 3h of reperfusion, and the rats were administered with vehicle or Pte...
December 6, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936014/inhibition-of-interleukin-6-receptor-in-a-murine-model-of-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion
#2
Minke H T Hartman, Inge Vreeswijk-Baudoin, Hilde E Groot, Kees W A van de Kolk, Rudolf A de Boer, Irene Mateo Leach, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Herman H W Sillje, Pim van der Harst
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels are upregulated in myocardial infarction. Recent data suggest a causal role of the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) in coronary heart disease. We evaluated if IL-6R blockade by a monoclonal antibody (MR16-1) prevents the heart from adverse left ventricular remodeling in a mouse model of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: CJ57/BL6 mice underwent I/R injury (left coronary artery ligation for 45 minutes) or sham surgery, and thereafter received MR16-1 (2mg/mouse) 5 minutes before reperfusion and 0...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932075/non-enzymatic-oxidized-metabolite-of-dha-4-rs-4-f4t-neuroprostane-protects-the-heart-against-reperfusion-injury
#3
Jérôme Roy, Jérémy Fauconnier, Camille Oger, Charlotte Farah, Claire Angebault-Prouteau, Jérôme Thireau, Patrice Bideaux, Valérie Scheuermann, Valérie Bultel-Poncé, Marie Demion, Jean-Marie Galano, Thierry Durand, Jetty Chung-Yung Lee, Jean-Yves Le Guennec
Acute myocardial infarction leads to an increase in oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. 4(RS)-4-F4t-Neuroprostane (4-F4t-NeuroP) is a mediator produced by non-enzymatic free radical peroxidation of the cardioprotective polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). In this study, we investigated whether intra-cardiac delivery of 4-F4t-NeuroP (0.03mg/kg) prior to occlusion (ischemia) prevents and protects rat myocardium from reperfusion damages. Using a rat model of ischemic-reperfusion (I/R), we showed that intra-cardiac infusion of 4-F4t-NeuroP significantly decreased infarct size following reperfusion (-27%) and also reduced ventricular arrhythmia score considerably during reperfusion (-41%)...
December 5, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931559/role-of-cardiac-renin-angiotensin-system-in-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-and-preconditioning-of-heart
#4
REVIEW
Vimal Agrawal, Jeetendra Kumar Gupta, Shaiba Sana Qureshi, Vishal Kumar Vishwakarma
Cardio-vascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Ischemia is a state of oxygen deprivation in tissues, whereas reperfusion is restoration of blood flow in ischemic tissues. Myocardial damage of tissue during reperfusion after ischemic insult is known as myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. It induces damage to cardiac muscle via increasing expression of oxygen, sodium and calcium ions which are responsible in the activation of proteases and cell death. Heart renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930802/ap39-a-mitochondria-targeting-hydrogen-sulfide-h2-s-donor-protects-against-myocardial-reperfusion-injury-independently-of-salvage-kinase-signalling
#5
Qutuba G Karwi, Julia Bornbaum, Kerstin Boengler, Roberta Torregrossa, Matthew Whiteman, Mark E Wood, Rainer Schulz, Gary F Baxter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: H2 S protects myocardium against ischaemia-reperfusion injury. This protection may involve the cytosolic reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway, but direct effects on mitochondrial function are possible. Here, we investigated the potential cardioprotective effect of mitochondria-specific H2 S donor, AP39, at reperfusion against ischaemia/reperfusion injury. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Anaesthetised rats underwent myocardial (30 min ischaemia/120 min reperfusion) with randomisation to receive interventions prior to reperfusion: vehicle, AP39 (0...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930699/estrogen-protects-the-female-heart-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-manganese-superoxide-dismutase-phosphorylation-by-mitochondrial-p38%C3%AE-at-threonine-79-and-serine-106
#6
Tao Luo, Han Liu, Jin Kyung Kim
A collective body of evidence indicates that estrogen protects the heart from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. We have previously delineated a novel mechanism of how 17β-estradiol (E2) protects cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) by identifying a functionally active mitochondrial pool of p38β and E2-driven upregulation of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) activity via p38β, leading to the suppression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930351/hydrogen-peroxide-responsive-nanoparticle-reduces-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#7
Soochan Bae, Minhyung Park, Changsun Kang, Serkan Dilmen, Tae Hi Kang, Dong Goo Kang, Qingen Ke, Seung Uk Lee, Dongwon Lee, Peter M Kang
BACKGROUND: During myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is produced. In particular, overproduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is considered to be a main cause of I/R-mediated tissue damage. We generated novel H2O2-responsive antioxidant polymer nanoparticles (PVAX and HPOX) that are able to target the site of ROS overproduction and attenuate the oxidative stress-associated diseases. In this study, nanoparticles were examined for their therapeutic effect on myocardial I/R injury...
November 14, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929137/inhibition-of-pkr-protects-against-h2o2-induced-injury-on-neonatal-cardiac-myocytes-by-attenuating-apoptosis-and-inflammation
#8
Yongyi Wang, Min Men, Bo Xie, Jianggui Shan, Chengxi Wang, Jidong Liu, Hui Zheng, Wengang Yang, Song Xue, Changfa Guo
Reactive oxygenation species (ROS) generated from reperfusion results in cardiac injury through apoptosis and inflammation, while PKR has the ability to promote apoptosis and inflammation. The aim of the study was to investigate whether PKR is involved in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced neonatal cardiac myocytes (NCM) injury. In our study, NCM, when exposed to H2O2, resulted in persistent activation of PKR due to NCM endogenous RNA. Inhibition of PKR by 2-aminopurine (2-AP) or siRNA protected against H2O2 induced apoptosis and injury...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928644/cardioprotection-by-remote-ischemic-conditioning-and-its-signal-transduction
#9
REVIEW
Petra Kleinbongard, Andreas Skyschally, Gerd Heusch
Cardioprotective strategies aim to salvage myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion injury and to reduce infarct size and its consequences. Different stimuli, acting at sites remote from the heart (remote conditioning), activate molecular self-defense mechanisms at the target organ heart as well as in other parenchymal organs. Remote conditioning of the heart has been established in many experimental studies and successfully translated to patients. Remote ischemic conditioning by short repetitive cycles of ischemia/reperfusion on an extremity reduces infarct size and improves the prognosis of patients with reperfused myocardial infarction...
December 7, 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925238/danshen-enhanced-cardioprotective-effect-of-cardioplegia-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-a-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-model
#10
Wei Wei, Yiwei Liu, Qiang Zhang, Yangming Wang, Xiaoling Zhang, Hao Zhang
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is unavoidable during cardioplegic arrest and open-heart surgery. Danshen is one of the most popular traditional herbal medicines in China, which has entered the Food and Drug Administration-approved phase III clinical trial. This study was aimed to develop a human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) model to mimic I/R injury and evaluate the cardioprotective effect of regular cardioplegic solution with Danshen. hiPSC-CMs were cultured with the crystalloid cardioplegic solution (Thomas group) and Thomas solution with 2 or 10 µg/mL Danshen (Thomas plus Danshen groups)...
December 7, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916655/allopurinol-as-a-therapeutic-option-in-cardiovascular-disease
#11
REVIEW
Osita N Okafor, K Farrington, Diana A Gorog
Epidemiological studies indicate that hyperuricaemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Alongside uric acid formation, increased xanthine oxidase activity also results in the formation of oxidative free radicals and superoxide particles. Oxidative stress significantly contributes to the development of cardiovascular disease, including endothelial cell dysfunction, atherosclerosis, vascular calcification and impaired myocardial energetics. Allopurinol, a competitive xanthine oxidase inhibitor, in addition to reducing serum uric acid levels, can act as a free radical scavenger...
December 1, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916558/role-of-carvacrol-in-cardioprotection-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-through-activation-of-mapk-erk-and-akt-enos-signaling-pathways
#12
Yunping Chen, Lina Ba, Wei Huang, Yan Liu, Hao Pan, E Mingyao, Pilong Shi, Ye Wang, Shuzhi Li, Hanping Qi, Hongli Sun, Yonggang Cao
Carvacrol (CAR) is a compound isolated from some essential oils, many studies have demonstrated its therapeutic potential on different diseases. This study aims to evaluate the protective effect of CAR against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Male adult rats underwent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) in I/R models. Rats were treated with CAR after LAD. The levels of I/R- induced infarct size, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac functional impairment were examined...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913766/myocardial-cytochrome-oxidase-activity-increases-with-age-and-hypoxemia-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Michael Onwugbufor, Richard J Levy, David Zurakowski, Richard A Jonas, Pranava Sinha
BACKGROUND: Myocardial tolerance to ischemia is influenced by age and preoperative cyanosis through unknown mechanisms and significantly affects postoperative outcomes. Cytochrome c oxidase (CcOx), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial electron transport chain, may play a role in the susceptibility to ischemic-reperfusion (IR) injury. Our study aimed at investigating changes in human myocardial CcOx activity based on age and preoperative oxygen saturation to understand its role in transition from neonatal to mature myocardium and hypoxic conditions...
December 1, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911394/confirmation-of-myocardial-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-in-mice-using-surface-pad-electrocardiography
#14
Stephanie L C Scofield, Krishna Singh
Many animal models have been established for the study of myocardial remodeling and heart failure due to its status as the number one cause of mortality worldwide. In humans, a pathologic occlusion forms in a coronary artery and reperfusion of that occluded artery is considered essential to maintain viability of the myocardium at risk. Although essential for myocardial recovery, reperfusion of the ischemic myocardium creates its own tissue injury. The physiologic response and healing of an ischemia/reperfusion injury is different from a chronic occlusion injury...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909864/effects-of-chronic-and-acute-zinc-supplementation-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#15
Serhan Ozyıldırım, Abdulkerim Kasim Baltaci, Engin Sahna, Rasim Mogulkoc
The present study aims to explore the effects of chronic and acute zinc sulfate supplementation on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. The study registered 50 adult male rats which were divided into five groups in equal numbers as follows: group 1, normal control; group 2, sham; group 3, myocardial ischemia reperfusion (My/IR): the group which was fed on a normal diet and in which myocardial I/R was induced; group 4, myocardial ischemia reperfusion + chronic zinc: (5 mg/kg i.p. zinc sulfate for 15 days); and group 5, myocardial ischemia reperfusion + acute zinc: the group which was administered 15 mg/kg i...
December 1, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909014/sodium-4-phenylbutyrate-attenuates-myocardial-reperfusion-injury-by-reducing-the-unfolded-protein-response
#16
Osamu Takatori, Soichiro Usui, Masaki Okajima, Shuichi Kaneko, Hiroshi Ootsuji, Shin-Ichiro Takashima, Daisuke Kobayashi, Hisayoshi Murai, Hiroshi Furusho, Masayuki Takamura
BACKGROUND: The unfolded protein response (UPR) plays a pivotal role in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in various organs such as heart, brain, and liver. Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (PBA) reportedly acts as a chemical chaperone that reduces UPR. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of PBA on reducing the UPR and protecting against myocardial I/R injury in mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 30-minute myocardial I/R, and were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (as a vehicle) or PBA...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907155/outer-balloon-ligation-increases-success-rate-of-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-model-in-mice
#17
Fengwang Hu, Nana Zhai, Wen Gao, Pei Wu, Yuanyuan Luo, Defeng Pan, Yang Liu, Dongye Li
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is a growing public health problem and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Experimental animal models provide valuable tools for studying myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe a new method (outer balloon ligation) to induce myocardial I/R injury in mice. METHODS: Ninety-nine male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups: sham group, classic method group (I/R-C) and the new method group (I/R-N)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906830/heterotopic-abdominal-rat-heart-transplantation-as-a-model-to-investigate-volume-dependency-of-myocardial-remodeling
#18
Kálmán Benke, Alex Ali Sayour, Csaba Mátyás, Bence Ágg, Balázs Tamás Németh, Attila Oláh, Mihály Ruppert, István Hartyánszky, Zoltán Szabolcs, Tamás Radovits, Béla Merkely, Gábor Szabó
Heterotopic abdominal rat heart transplantation has been extensively used to investigate ischemic/reperfusion injury, immunological consequences during heart transplantations and also to study remodeling of the myocardium due to volume unloading. We provide a unique review on the latter and present a summary of the experimental studies on rat heart transplantation to illustrate changes that occur to the myocardium due to volume unloading. We divided the literature based on whether normal or failing rat heart models were used...
December 1, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904669/astragaloside-iv-enhances-cardioprotection-of-remote-ischemic-conditioning-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-rats
#19
Songyi Cheng, Peng Yu, Li Yang, Haibo Shi, Anxia He, Hanyu Chen, Jie Han, Liang Xie, Jiandong Chen, Xiaohu Chen
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been shown to be a practical method for protecting the heart from ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the present study, we investigated whether or not the combination of RIC and Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) could improve cardioprotection against acute myocardial infarction (AMI)-induced heart failure (HF) when compared with individual treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A rat model of AMI was established via permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903535/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cardiac-strain-pattern-following-transplantation-of-human-tissue-engineered-heart-muscles
#20
Xulei Qin, Johannes Riegler, Malte Tiburcy, Xin Zhao, Tony Chour, Babacar Ndoye, Michael Nguyen, Jackson Adams, Mohamed Ameen, Thomas S Denney, Phillip C Yang, Patricia Nguyen, Wolfram H Zimmermann, Joseph C Wu
BACKGROUND: The use of tissue engineering approaches in combination with exogenously produced cardiomyocytes offers the potential to restore contractile function after myocardial injury. However, current techniques assessing changes in global cardiac performance after such treatments are plagued by relatively low detection ability. Since the treatment is locally performed, this detection could be improved by myocardial strain imaging that measures regional contractility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tissue engineered heart muscles (EHMs) were generated by casting human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes with collagen in preformed molds...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
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