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Psycosocial stress

Ryoko Sawamoto, Jun Nagano, Eiji Kajiwara, Junko Sonoda, Tetsuya Hiramoto, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC. METHODS: Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62.4 years) were assessed for behavioral patterns (Stress Inventory), QOL (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual), and known prognostic factors at baseline then followed for a maximum of 8 years for disease progression, defined as either the first diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or hepatitis-related death...
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Mei Bai, Li Zhang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Yi Zhang, Sheng Zhang, Liang Xue
Depression is a severe psychiatric disorder, which is a huge burden on both the individual and society as a whole. Neurobiological studies of depression on humans are limited by ethics. Animal models established by stressor stimulation are currently effective tools for the neurobiological study of depression. In this study, we comparatively analyzed behavioral heterogeneity, gender, and individual differences in animal models reflecting early life stress, adverse events in adulthood, or combined early life stress and stressful events in adulthood...
May 28, 2014: Physiology & Behavior
M Carvalho, M Carrageta
The incidence of the coronary heart disease increases dramatically with age, representing in Portugal the second largest cause of death in patients older than 65 years. The cause of this high prevalence of the disease is not completely understood, but the pathogenic role of the cardiovascular risk factors has a singificative importance. It seems to be essential, even in elderly, to control these risk factors in order to limit the progression of the atherosclerotic disease. Regarding symptomatology, effort dyspneia appears to be one of the most frequent disease manifestations, differing from the typical chest pain presentation observed in the younger patients...
January 1992: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
G Serban, C B Gidynski, E L Melnick
Schizophrenics classified into acute, chronic, and high-low social competence groups were compared in terms of comprehensive social functioning and life stress. Results obtained with 624 patients showed overlap between the two classifications in functioning in eight areas of psychosocial activity. Interpersonal relationships differentiated acutes-chronics while antisocial behavior separated high from low social competence subjects. For stress three areas were common to both classifications. The acutes-chronics differed on work and interpersonal stress while leisure time stress differentiated competence groups...
April 1975: Behavioral Neuropsychiatry
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