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Troponin pericarditis

Simon Braumann, Malte P Bartram, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
History and clinical findings We present a 31-year old woman with a 6-year history of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) who presented to the emergency room with typical chest pain. ECG and transthoracic echocardiography were normal. Her working diagnosis of pericarditis was made due to systemic progression of her lupus erythematosus (LE). Treatment with NSAIDs was initiated and her immunosuppressive regimen intensified. The patient was discharged after resolution of her symptoms. A week later, the patient was seen at the rheumatology clinic with recurrence and aggravation of her symptoms...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Brian V Reamy, Pamela M Williams, Michael Ryan Odom
Pleuritic chest pain is characterized by sudden and intense sharp, stabbing, or burning pain in the chest when inhaling and exhaling. Pulmonary embolism is the most common serious cause, found in 5% to 21% of patients who present to an emergency department with pleuritic chest pain. A validated clinical decision rule for pulmonary embolism should be employed to guide the use of additional tests such as d-dimer assays, ventilation-perfusion scans, or computed tomography angiography. Myocardial infarction, pericarditis, aortic dissection, pneumonia, and pneumothorax are other serious causes that should be ruled out using history and physical examination, electrocardiography, troponin assays, and chest radiography before another diagnosis is made...
September 1, 2017: American Family Physician
Mazen M Kawji, D Luke Glancy
An 18-year-old man came to the hospital because of 1 day of chest pain typical of pericarditis. He had had an upper respiratory infection 10 days earlier. His electrocardiograms indicated evolving pericarditis. His echocardiogram showed mild, diffuse left ventricular hypokinesia, and his troponin I level peaked at 47.5 ng/ml. Thus, he had myopericarditis.
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Taalaibek Kudaiberdiev, Irina Akhmedova, Gulzada Imanalieva, Ildar Abdildaev, Kilichbek Jooshev, Jamalbek Ashimov, Azamat Mirzabekov, Janibek Gaybildaev
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of possible reverse type of TCM in a female patient presented with progressive left ventricular dysfunction and its rupture in pericardium. METHODS: The detailed history, physical examination, laboratory tests, electrocardiography, serial echocardiography, coronary angiography with left ventriculography were performed to diagnose possible Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 63-year old woman admitted to our center with complaints of dyspnea, lightheadedness, weakness and signs of hypotension and history of inferior myocardial infarction, acute left ventricular aneurysm, and effusive pericarditis and pleuritis, developed after emotional stress 5 months ago...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Cameron R M Moffatt, Soniah B Moloi, Karina J Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter spp. are a common cause of mostly self-limiting enterocolitis. Although rare, pericarditis and myopericarditis have been increasingly documented as complications following campylobacteriosis. Such cases have occurred predominantly in younger males, and involved a single causative species, namely Campylobacter jejuni. We report the first case of myopericarditis following Campylobacter coli enterocolitis, with illness occurring in an immunocompetent middle-aged female...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Michal Laufer-Perl, Ofer Havakuk, Yacov Shacham, Arie Steinvil, Sivan Letourneau-Shesaf, Ehud Chorin, Gad Keren, Yaron Arbel
BACKGROUND: Sex differences in heart diseases, including acute coronary syndrome, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, have been studied extensively. However, data are lacking regarding sex differences in pericarditis and myopericarditis patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether there are sex differences in pericarditis and myopericarditis patients as well. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single-center observational study that included 200 consecutive patients hospitalized with idiopathic pericarditis or myopericarditis from January 2012 to April 2014...
February 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sandeep Yerra, Letlhogonolo Tlhabano, Tejaswini Vasamsetty
INTRODUCTION: We present an unusual presentation of a 39-year-old man with myalgias and shortness of breath. CHIEF COMPLAINTS: The patient presented to the emergency department with complaints of myalgias, shortness of breath and palpitations. During this hospitalization, he had multiple episodes of tachycardia and desaturation. The patient had elevated troponins and creatinine kinase. Differential diagnosis included pericarditis, pneumonia and malignancy. INVESTIGATIONS: The patient had elevated ferritin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Dario Gulin, Jozica Sikic, Jasna Cerkez Habek, Sandra Jerkovic Gulin, Edvard Galic
Eosinophilic myocarditis (EM) is a rare and potentially fatal disease if left untreated. Because the disease can have a delayed presentation and can appear even after 2 years, its underlying causes often remain unknown. We report the case of a 63-year-old man with an atypical clinical presentation of hypersensitive EM and significant coronary artery disease, which was confirmed through coronary angiography. The patient was treated with hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg once daily for 2 years) and budesonide/formoterol (160/4...
December 2016: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Noura E Attia
AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the cardiac biomarkers and ultrasonography in prediction and early diagnosis of traumatic pericarditis (TP) in Egyptian buffaloes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 47 buffaloes were included in the study and divided into two groups: Healthy (n=10) and diseased groups (n=37). Diseased buffaloes were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Zagazig University, Egypt, with a history of anorexia, sudden, and severe reduction of milk production with no response to a previous medical treatment some animals had edema at the dewlap and congestion of the jugulars...
September 2016: Veterinary World
O Nallet, G Gouffran, Y Lavie Badie
Cardiac troponins are the most sensitive and specific markers of myocardial injury. Cardiac troponin elevation are common in many diseases and do not necessarily indicate the presence of a thrombotic acute coronary syndrome. In clinical practice, interpretation of dynamic changes of troponin may be challenging. Troponin evaluation should be performed only if clinically indicated and must be interpreted in the context of clinical presentation, ECG changes, troponin level and kinetic. In the absence of thrombotic acute coronary syndrom, troponin retains a prognostic value...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of cardiac injury biomarkers in paediatric age. In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; ). The search strategy included the following medical subject headings and text terms for the key words: "cardiac injury biomarkers", "creatine kinase-MB", "myoglobin", "troponin", "children", "neonate/s", "newborn/s", "infant/s" and echocardiography. In the paediatric population, troponins show a good correlation with the extent of myocardial damage following cardiac surgery and cardiotoxic medication and can be used as predictors of subsequent cardiac recovery and mortality...
November 2016: Heart Failure Reviews
Toru Suzuki, Alexander Lyon, Rajeev Saggar, Liam M Heaney, Kenichi Aizawa, Antonio Cittadini, Ciro Mauro, Rodolfo Citro, Giuseppe Limongelli, Francesco Ferrara, Olga Vriz, Andrew Morley-Smith, Paolo Calabrò, Eduardo Bossone
Acute cardiothoracic and respiratory diseases frequently remain a challenge to diagnose and differentiate in the emergency setting. The main diseases that manifest with chest pain include ischaemic heart disease, myocarditis, acute pericarditis, aortic dissection/rupture and pulmonary embolism (PE). Diseases that primarily present with dyspnoea include heart failure (HF), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pneumonia, asthma exacerbations and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Pre-test probabilities of clinical findings play a vital part in diagnostic decisions, and the use of a Bayesian approach to these greatly improves the ability to stratify patients more accurately...
September 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Alvarez Villela, Lindell K Weaver, Dhar Ritesh
INTRODUCTION: A healthy scuba diver presented with a NSTEMI (non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction), pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum after diving. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old woman with no significant medical history presented to the emergency department after an episode of loss of consciousness and seizure-like activity after an uncontrolled ascent during a dive in a freshwater lake at 5,700 feet of altitude. A chest radiograph showed pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium...
November 2015: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Antonio Brucato, Silvia Maestroni, Gabriella Masciocco, Enrico Ammirati, Edgardo Bonacina, Patrizia Pedrotti
Churg-Strauss syndrome, recently renamed eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), is a rare form of systemic vasculitis, characterized by disseminated necrotizing vasculitis with extravascular granulomas occurring among patients with asthma and tissue eosinophilia. EGPA is classified as a small and medium-sized vessel vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and the hypereosinophilic syndrome. Typical clinical features include asthma, sinusitis, transient pulmonary infiltrates and neuropathy...
September 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Rafaqat Hussain, Laszlo Halmai, Eduardas Subkovas
A 31 years man was referred by general practitioner (GP) with chest pain preceded by sore throat a week ago. Electrocardiogram was suggestive of pericarditis and Troponin and inflammatory markers were elevated. Echocardiogram showed small pericardial effusion with normal biventricular size and function, and no regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA). A clinical diagnosis of myopericarditis was made. Patient was in good clinical condition so he self-discharged before cardiac MRI. Two days later he died of cardiac arrest...
January 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Jomien M Mouton, Adriano S Pellizzon, Althea Goosen, Craig J Kinnear, Philip G Herbst, Paul A Brink, Johanna C Moolman-Smook
INTRODUCTION: The minimum criterion for the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is thickening of the left ventricular wall, typically in an asymmetrical or focal fashion, and it requires no functional deficit. Using this criterion, we identified a family with four affected individuals and a single unrelated individual essentially with restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). Mutations in genes coding for the thin filaments of cardiac muscle have been described in RCM and HCM with 'restrictive features'...
March 2015: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Renata J M Engler, Michael R Nelson, Limone C Collins, Christina Spooner, Brian A Hemann, Barnett T Gibbs, J Edwin Atwood, Robin S Howard, Audrey S Chang, Daniel L Cruser, Daniel G Gates, Marina N Vernalis, Marguerite S Lengkeek, Bruce M McClenathan, Allan S Jaffe, Leslie T Cooper, Steve Black, Christopher Carlson, Christopher Wilson, Robert L Davis
BACKGROUND: Although myocarditis/pericarditis (MP) has been identified as an adverse event following smallpox vaccine (SPX), the prospective incidence of this reaction and new onset cardiac symptoms, including possible subclinical injury, has not been prospectively defined. PURPOSE: The study's primary objective was to determine the prospective incidence of new onset cardiac symptoms, clinical and possible subclinical MP in temporal association with immunization...
2015: PloS One
Jayendra Sharma, Nithi Fernandes, Dora Alvarez, Shefali Khanna
Acute myopericarditis is primarily a pericarditic syndrome with variable myocardial involvement, as evidenced by elevated cardiac enzymes. It is a rare entity, exclusively seen in male adolescents and accounts for less than 2% of the cases of inpatient admissions for chest pain/pericarditis in the pediatric age group. The electrocardiographic changes of pericarditis include J point/ST segment elevation, which needs to be differentiated from the benign early repolarization pattern that is common in young adolescents and the subtle anterior ST segment elevation myocardial infarction...
June 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Massimo Imazio, Antonio Brucato, David H Spodick, Yehuda Adler
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of pericarditis with concomitant myocarditis, especially in the setting of troponin elevation, is a reason for concern because it could imply an adverse outcome. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive Medline search of all publications from 2000 to 2013 with the MeSH terms 'pericarditis', 'myocarditis' and 'prognosis'. Additional publications were sought using the reference lists of identified papers, the published reviews on this topic, and a search of abstracts from the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology, and European Society of Cardiology scientific sessions...
December 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Eva Laraudogoitia Zaldumbide, Esther Pérez-David, José A Larena, Sonia Velasco Del Castillo, José R Rumoroso Cuevas, José J Onaindía, Iñaki Lekuona Goya, Miguel A García-Fernández
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: A number of different conditions can present with symptoms similar to acute coronary syndrome (ACS): chest pain, electrocardiographic changes, and elevated levels of markers of myocardial damage. Even after coronary angiography has been performed, differential diagnosis can be challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for diagnosing conditions that present like ACS but in which the coronary arteries are normal...
September 2009: Revista Española de Cardiología
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