keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypoxaemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814557/when-technology-creates-uncertainty-pulse-oximetry-and-overdiagnosis-of-hypoxaemia-in-bronchiolitis
#1
Ricardo A Quinonez, Eric R Coon, Alan R Schroeder, Virginia A Moyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805234/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-due-to-pneumonia-among-adults-from-different-age-groups-in-singapore-and-mortality-predictions-based-on-psi-and-curb-65
#2
Zoe Xz Zhang, Yang Yong, Wan C Tan, Liang Shen, Han Seong Ng, Kok Yong Fong
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is associated with considerable mortality. However, the information on age-specific prognostic factors for death from pneumonia is limited. METHODS: Patients hospitalised with a diagnosis of pneumonia through the emergency department were stratified into three age groups: 18-64 years; 65-84 years; and ≥ 85 years. Multivariate logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were conducted to evaluate prognostic factors for mortality and the performance of pneumonia severity scoring tools for mortality prediction...
August 14, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796538/oxygen-therapy-for-interstitial-lung-disease-physicians-perceptions-and-experiences
#3
Yet H Khor, Nicole Sl Goh, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland
RATIONALE: Domiciliary oxygen therapy (DOT) is commonly prescribed for patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and hypoxaemia, although evidence supporting benefit is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore perspectives of respiratory physicians about DOT in patients with ILD. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken with 26 respiratory physicians from Australia. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded independently by two investigators...
August 10, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796153/optimum-drug-combinations-for-the-sedation-of-growing-boars-prior-to-castration
#4
Heidi S Lehmann, Dominique Blache, Eleanor Drynan, Pema Tshewang, David J C Blignaut, Gabrielle C Musk
Juvenile male pigs were sedated for castration. Eight five-month old boars were sedated twice (two weeks apart) with a combination of detomidine (0.1 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg) and either butorphanol (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDB, n = 8) or morphine (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDM, n = 8) intramuscularly. The boars were positioned in lateral recumbency and lidocaine (200 mg total) was injected into the testicle and scrotal skin. Castration of a single testicle was performed on two occasions. Sedation and reaction (to positioning and surgery) scores, pulse rate, respiratory rate, haemoglobin oxygen saturation, body temperature, arterial blood gas parameters and the times to immobility and then recovery were recorded...
August 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764620/the-australian-snakebite-project-2005-2015-asp-20
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christopher I Johnston, Nicole M Ryan, Colin B Page, Nicholas A Buckley, Simon Ga Brown, Margaret A O'Leary, Geoffrey K Isbister
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, treatment and adverse events after snakebite in Australia. DESIGN: Prospective, multicentre study of data on patients with snakebites recruited to the Australian Snakebite Project (2005-2015) and data from the National Coronial Information System. Setting, participants: Patients presenting to Australian hospitals with suspected or confirmed snakebites from July 2005 to June 2015 and consenting to participation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic data, circumstances of bites, clinical effects of envenoming, results of laboratory investigations and snake venom detection kit (SVDK) testing, antivenom treatment and adverse reactions, time to discharge, deaths...
August 7, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756471/the-research-agenda-for-trauma-critical-care
#6
REVIEW
Karim Asehnoune, Zsolt Balogh, Giuseppe Citerio, Andre Cap, Timothy Billiar, Nino Stocchetti, Mitchell J Cohen, Paolo Pelosi, Nicola Curry, Christine Gaarder, Russell Gruen, John Holcomb, Beverley J Hunt, Nicole P Juffermans, Mark Maegele, Mark Midwinter, Frederick A Moore, Michael O'Dwyer, Jean-François Pittet, Herbert Schöchl, Martin Schreiber, Philip C Spinella, Simon Stanworth, Robert Winfield, Karim Brohi
In this research agenda on the acute and critical care management of trauma patients, we concentrate on the major factors leading to death, namely haemorrhage and traumatic brain injury (TBI). In haemostasis biology, the results of randomised controlled trials have led to the therapeutic focus moving away from the augmentation of coagulation factors (such as recombinant factor VIIa) and towards fibrinogen supplementation and administration of antifibrinolytics such as tranexamic acid. Novel diagnostic techniques need to be evaluated to determine whether an individualised precision approach is superior to current empirical practice...
July 29, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747412/severe-asymptomatic-rhabdomyolysis-complicating-a-mycoplasma-pneumonia
#7
Alex Gosselt, Jobien Olijhoek, Thomas Wierema
Rhabdomyolysis is a very rare and serious extrapulmonary manifestation of a Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. We describe a case of a 47-year-old male patient who presented with progressive dyspnoea, hypoxaemia and cough during the last 3 days. He had no relevant muscular complaints but was diagnosed with severe rhabdomyolysis for which he was treated with hyperhydration. Molecular diagnostics confirmed M. pneumoniae as the causative agent and our patient was successfully treated with doxycycline.Only a few cases of rhabdomyolysis complicating a M...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729473/automatic-versus-manual-oxygen-administration-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Erwan L'Her, Patricia Dias, Maelenn Gouillou, Anne Riou, Luc Souquiere, Nicolas Paleiron, Patrick Archambault, Pierre-Alexandre Bouchard, François Lellouche
Oxygen is commonly administered in hospitals, with poor adherence to treatment recommendations.We conducted a multicentre randomised controlled study in patients admitted to the emergency department requiring O2 ≥3 L·min(-1) Patients were randomised to automated closed-loop or manual O2 titration during 3 h. Patients were stratified according to arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2 ) (hypoxaemic PaCO2 ≤45 mmHg; or hypercapnic PaCO2 >45-≤55 mmHg) and study centre. Arterial oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry (SpO2 ) goals were 92-96% for hypoxaemic, or 88-92% for hypercapnic patients...
July 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681972/pneumonia-in-the-developing-world-characteristic-features-and-approach-to-management
#9
REVIEW
Stephen J Aston
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults worldwide, but its epidemiology varies markedly by region. Whilst in high-income countries, the predominant burden of CAP is in the elderly and those with chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary co-morbidity, CAP patients in low-income settings are often of working age and, in sub-Saharan Africa, frequently HIV-positive. Although region-specific aetiological data are limited, they are sufficient to highlight major trends: in high-burden settings, tuberculosis (TB) is a common cause of acute CAP; Gram-negative pathogens such as Klebsiella pneumoniae are regionally important; and HIV-associated opportunistic infections are common but difficult to diagnose...
July 6, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679172/potts-shunt-in-children-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-institutional-experience
#10
Sergey V Gorbachevsky, Anton A Shmalts, Irina Y Barishnikova, Sergey B Zaets
OBJECTIVES: Since 2004, different techniques for the Potts shunt have been used in patients with incurable pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, the experience with these interventions in a single institution is limited. We present our series of Potts shunts in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. METHODS: Eight patients with suprasystemic pulmonary arterial hypertension (pulmonary artery-to-aorta mean pressure ratio of 1.39 ± 0.30) had a Potts shunt at the median age of 13...
June 29, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667196/patient-safety-during-procedural-sedation-using-capnography-monitoring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Rhodri Saunders, Michel M R F Struys, Richard F Pollock, Michael Mestek, Jenifer R Lightdale
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of capnography monitoring on sedation-related adverse events during procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) administered for ambulatory surgery relative to visual assessment and pulse oximetry alone. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic literature review and random effects meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) reporting sedation-related adverse event incidence when adding capnography to visual assessment and pulse oximetry in patients undergoing PSA during ambulatory surgery in the hospital setting...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644301/palliative-oxygen-for-chronic-breathlessness-what-new-evidence
#12
Zainab Ahmadi, David C Currow, Magnus Ekström
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Supplemental oxygen improves survival in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and severe hypoxaemia, but the effect of oxygen therapy in mild or moderate hypoxaemia to reduce symptomatic chronic breathlessness remains unclear. This review provides an overview of recent evidence about the role of oxygen therapy for the relief of chronic breathlessness in advanced illness. RECENT FINDINGS: In COPD, a recent Cochrane review strengthens earlier findings regarding the positive effect of supplemental oxygen compared with air during exercise test in the training setting...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629920/pulmonary-hypertension-in-parenchymal-lung-diseases-any-future-for-new-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Sergio Harari, Davide Elia, Marc Humbert
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to chronic lung diseases is associated with a poor prognosis, regardless of the underlying respiratory condition. Updated PH guidelines recommend optimal treatment of the underlying lung disease, including long-term oxygen therapy, in patients with chronic hypoxaemia despite the lack of randomized controlled clinical trials supporting this statement. So far, randomized controlled trials on drugs approved for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have yielded discouraging results in both interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) with PH...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619952/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-andean-highlanders
#14
Luu V Pham, Catherine H Miele, Noah G Schwartz, Rafael S Arias, Adi Rattner, Robert H Gilman, J Jaime Miranda, Vsevolod Y Polotsky, William Checkley, Alan R Schwartz
Associations between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and cardiometabolic outcomes have not been examined in highlanders.We performed nocturnal polygraphy in Peruvian highlanders (3825 m). Multivariable linear regression models examined associations between SDB metrics and haemoglobin, glucose tolerance (haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)), fasting glucose, homeostatic model-based assessments of insulin resistance and β-cell function (HOMA-IR and HOMA-β, respectively), blood pressure, and lipids, while adjusting for age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and wake oxygenation...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619111/two-minute-disconnection-technique-with-a-double-lumen-tube-to-speed-the-collapse-of-the-non-ventilated-lung-for-one-lung-ventilation-in-thoracoscopic-surgery
#15
Qiongzhen Li, Xiaofeng Zhang, Jingxiang Wu, Meiying Xu
BACKGROUND: Thoracic surgery requires the effective collapse of the non-ventilated lung. In the majority of cases, we accomplished, accelerated lung collapse using a double-lumen tube (DLT). We hypothesized that using the two-minute disconnection technique with a DLT would improve lung collapse during subsequent one-lung ventilation. METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery with physical classification I or II according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists were randomly divided into two groups for respiratory management of one-lung ventilation (OLV)...
June 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612693/-a-man-with-hypoxaemia-after-a-femoral-fracture
#16
T D Koster, M van Dijk, D J Slebos
A 25-year-old male presented with fever and dyspnoea after a femoral fracture, which was treated with intramedullary nail fixation. Based on clinical criteria and a CT scan, the diagnosis fat embolism was made. He was treated conservatively and made a full recovery.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595508/sedative-and-cardiorespiratory-effects-of-detomidine-constant-rate-infusion-in-sheep
#17
Rauane Sousa de Moura, Isabela Plazza Bittar, Luiz Henrique da Silva, Ana Carolina Vasquez Villela, Marcelo Borges Dos Santos Júnior, Naida Cristina Borges, Leandro Guimarães Franco
The use of sheep in experiments is widespread and is increasing worldwide, and so is the need to develop species-specific anaesthetic techniques to ensure animal safety. Previous studies have mentioned several protocols involving the administration of alpha-2 adrenergic agonists in sheep; however, assessment of the efficacy and safety of these infusion techniques is still relatively new. Thus, the aim of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of detomidine constant rate infusion (CRI) in sheep by measuring the cardiovascular and respiratory parameters, blood gas variables and sedation scores...
January 1, 2017: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589869/-hepatopulmonary-syndrome-a-consideration-in-patients-with-liver-disease-accompanied-by-dyspnoea-and-hypoxaemia
#18
P V van Hirtum, G P Bootsma, R A de Man, C Th B M van Deursen, P I Bonta, M D de Kruif
BACKGROUND: Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a severe complication of liver disease, with greatly increased mortality. The syndrome is characterized by increased blood-flow, intrapulmonary vasodilatation and angiogenesis, leading to effects including the formation of shunts. This leads to a decrease in arterial oxygen pressure. Liver transplantation is the only effective treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 74-year-old woman with cirrhosis of the liver attended the pulmonary outpatients' clinic with progressive dyspnoea, which worsened if she sat upright from a lying position (platypnoea)...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587125/equine-welfare-during-exercise-an-evaluation-of-breathing-breathlessness-and-bridles
#19
REVIEW
David J Mellor, Ngaio J Beausoleil
Horses engaged in strenuous exercise display physiological responses that approach the upper functional limits of key organ systems, in particular their cardiorespiratory systems. Maximum athletic performance is therefore vulnerable to factors that diminish these functional capacities, and such impairment might also lead to horses experiencing unpleasant respiratory sensations, i.e., breathlessness. The aim of this review is to use existing literature on equine cardiorespiratory physiology and athletic performance to evaluate the potential for various types of breathlessness to occur in exercising horses...
May 26, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584350/a-randomised-comparative-study-of-miller-laryngoscope-blade-versus-oxiport-%C3%A2-miller-laryngoscope-blade-for-neonatal-and-infant-intubations
#20
Raylene Dias, Nandini Dave, Rachana Chhabria, Harick Shah, Madhu Garasia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Neonates and infants are prone to oxygen desaturation during the induction of general anaesthesia. Pharyngeal oxygen insufflation has been shown to delay the onset of desaturation and hypoxaemia during apnoea. We tested the hypothesis that deep laryngeal oxygenation with Oxiport(®) Miller blade would delay the onset of desaturation compared to laryngoscopy without supplemental oxygen (Miller blade). METHODS: One hundred neonates and infants undergoing general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation for surgery were recruited and randomly assigned to one of the two groups: Miller or Oxiport group (laryngoscopy performed with Miller or Oxiport(®) blade, respectively)...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
1953
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"