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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#1
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820271/cam-deformities-and-limited-hip-range-of-motion-are-associated-with-early-osteoarthritic-changes-in-adolescent-athletes-a-prospective-matched-cohort-study
#2
Cody C Wyles, Germán A Norambuena, Benjamin M Howe, Dirk R Larson, Bruce A Levy, Brandon J Yuan, Robert T Trousdale, Rafael J Sierra
BACKGROUND: The natural history of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) remains incompletely understood. In particular, there is limited documentation of joint damage in adolescent patients with limited range of motion (LROM) of the hip, which is commonly associated with FAI. PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiographs, and clinical examinations over 5 years in a group of athletes from a wide variety of sports with asymptomatic LROM of the hip compared with matched controls...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818416/adolescent-sports-participation-e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking
#3
Phil Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Vita V McCabe, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Although sport participation among adolescents has been found to lower the risk of traditional cigarette smoking, no studies to date have assessed if this type of physical activity lowers the risk of e-cigarette use among adolescents. METHODS: National data from the 2014 and 2015 Monitoring the Future study of 12th-grade students were used and analyses were conducted in 2016. Measures for past 30-day e-cigarette use and traditional cigarette smoking were used to assess differences between adolescents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the past year and adolescents who did not...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817407/nonoperative-management-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescent-athletes-description-of-sports-participation-interventions-comorbidity-and-outcomes
#4
Andrea Cianci, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Mininder S Kocher, Pierre A dʼHemecourt
CONTEXT: Hip injury among young athletes is increasing, especially hip labral tears. Some tears may require surgical intervention, especially if they are associated with boney pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A protocol for nonoperative treatment of the hip labral tears is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify current nonoperative treatment options, comorbidities, sports participation, and outcomes of adolescent athletes who were diagnosed with hip labral tears...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812031/early-single-sport-specialization-a-survey-of-3090-high-school-collegiate-and-professional-athletes
#5
Patrick S Buckley, Meghan Bishop, Patrick Kane, Michael C Ciccotti, Stephen Selverian, Dominique Exume, William Emper, Kevin B Freedman, Sommer Hammoud, Steven B Cohen, Michael G Ciccotti
BACKGROUND: Youth participation in organized sports in the United States is rising, with many athletes focusing on a single sport at an increasingly younger age. PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare single-sport specialization in current high school (HS), collegiate, and professional athletes with regard to the rate and age of specialization, the number of months per year of single-sport training, and the athlete's perception of injury related to specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#6
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795009/evaluation-and-management-of-shoulder-pain-in-skeletally-immature-athletes
#7
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Stephen Breisach
Shoulder pain in young athletes generally is a result of poor sports technique and overuse. A number intrinsic causes of shoulder pain have been identified. Pain may also be referred to shoulder area from cervical spine, neck and chest pathology. Overuse stress injury of the proximal humeral physis is important to recognize early in order to prevent later complications. Shoulder impingement syndrome is a general term used to describe multiple underlying lesions and relatively uncommon in young athletes. In adolescent athletes, glenohumeral instability is an important underlying pathomechanical basis for shoulder pain...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#8
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795003/resistance-training-for-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
Allison M Myers, Nicholas W Beam, Joseph D Fakhoury
As more children and adolescents are becoming involved in exercise and school or community based athletics, attention is turned towards proper training and conditioning to optimize performance, stimulate athletic development and ensure safety while tolerating long-term competition. Resistance training (RT) refers to the methodology of ensuring such optimal performance and safety. This is a common component of sports and physical fitness in schools and organized athletic programs around the country. RT is a physical conditioning program that involves various training techniques (e...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795001/evaluation-and-management-of-sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes
#11
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Venu Parachuri, Amrith Shettigar
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often go unrecognized. Concussion in sport may result either from a direct impact to the head or from indirect forces transmitted to the brain from impact elsewhere on the body. Concussions may also result from sudden acceleration, deceleration or rotational forces to the brain. The key features of concussion include confusion, impaired memory and reduced speed of information processing. Recovery may occur from a few days to several weeks or months...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795000/sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes-a-critical-public-health-problem-for-which-prevention-remains-an-elusive-goal
#12
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Diana Fidrocki, Venu Parachuri
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often unrecognized. Preventive strategies include education, modification of sport rules, use of equipment such as headgears, face masks and mouth guards, and neck muscle training. Evidence is limited to support effectiveness of these preventive measures with the exception of rule modification in some sports. In the United States, laws have been enacted that require medical evaluation and clearance prior to return to play; however, evidence thus far does not show that laws have been effective in reducing the incidence of concussions in sport...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783618/performance-of-high-school-male-athletes-on-the-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2
#13
Laura J Smith, James R Creps, Ryan Bean, Becky Rodda, Bara Alsalaheen
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe the performance of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) by reporting the proportion of adolescents with a score of ≤14 and the frequency of asymmetries in a cross-sectional sample; (2) explore associations between FMS™ to age and body mass, and explore the construct validity of the FMS™ against common postural stability measures; (3) examine the inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the FMS™ in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
July 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776836/adolescent-athletic-participation-patterns-and-self-perceived-competence-associations-with-later-participation-depressive-symptoms-and-health
#14
Jennifer P Agans, Sara K Johnson, Richard M Lerner
Physical activity is important for well-being across the life span. However, links between patterns of adolescent activity, competence perceptions, and young adult outcomes are underexplored. We used data from seven waves of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development (N = 5,961) to assess patterns of adolescent athletic participation, whether these patterns were associated with self-perceived athletic competence and young adult physical activity, depressive symptoms, and health, and associations between changes in participation across adolescence and young adult outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772335/qtc-interval-in-adolescents-and-young-athletes-influence-of-correction-formulas
#15
Salvatore Francesco Gervasi, Massimiliano Bianco, Vincenzo Palmieri, Francesco Cuccaro, Paolo Zeppilli
A QTc interval at the upper limits in young athletes can be challenging. Regardless of factors able to influence it (age, electrolytes, etc.), several authors underlined that rate correction formulas can often underestimate/overestimate it. Our objective was to identify the most reliable formula and relative upper normal limit of QTc for this population. The rest ECG of 701 healthy elite male athletes was analyzed. QTc was calculated with 4 formulas (Bazett, Fridericia, Framingham, Hodges). Correlation/regression analysis of QTc vs...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771063/reliability-of-urinary-dehydration-markers-among-elite-youth-boxers
#16
Damir Zubac, Drazen Cular, Uros Marusic
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive urinary dehydration markers, in field-based settings on a day-to-day basis in elite adolescent amateur boxers. METHODS: Sixty-nine urine samples were collected on a day-to-day basis, from twenty-three athletes (17.3±1.9 y), during their weigh-stable phase and analyzed by field and laboratory measures of hydration status. Urine osmolality (UOSM), urine specific gravity (USG), total protein content (TPC) and body-mass (BM) stability were evaluated to determine fluid balance and hydration status...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763417/sport-and-sex-specific-reporting-trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-concussions-sustained-by-high-school-athletes
#17
Michael S Schallmo, Joseph A Weiner, Wellington K Hsu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 300,000 U.S. adolescents sustain concussions annually while participating in organized athletics. This study aimed to track sex and sport-specific trends among high school sports-related concussions over time, to identify whether a particular sport predisposes athletes to a higher risk, and to assess whether traumatic brain injury law enactments have been successful in improving recognition. METHODS: Injury data for academic years 2005 to 2014 were collected from annual reports generated by High School RIO (Reporting Information Online)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760031/minimally-invasive-direct-pars-repair-with-cannulated-screws-and-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
George M Ghobrial, Kenneth M Crandall, Anthony Lau, Seth K Williams, Allan D Levi
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to describe the use of a minimally invasive surgical treatment of lumbar spondylolysis in athletes by a fluoroscopically guided direct pars screw placement with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and to report on clinical and radiographic outcomes. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of all patients treated surgically for lumbar spondylolysis via a minimally invasive direct pars repair with cannulated screws. Demographic information, clinical features of presentation, perioperative and intraoperative radiographic imaging, and postoperative data were collected...
August 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754133/determinants-of-eating-patterns-and-nutrient-intake-among-adolescent-athletes-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Matias Noll, Carolina Rodrigues de Mendonça, Lorena Pereira de Souza Rosa, Erika Aparecida Silveira
BACKGROUND: This review aims to update the influences of sport modalities, sport performance, and non-exercise-related determinant, on eating patterns and nutrient intake outcomes among adolescent competitive athletes. METHODS: The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for the last 20 years. Observational and intervention studies of all languages on eating patterns and nutrient intake in adolescent (10- to 19-year-old) competitive athletes were included. Study quality and risk of bias were assessed using a Downs and Black instrument...
July 28, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748643/protein-supplements-and-adolescent-athletes-a-pilot-study-investigating-the-risk-knowledge-motivations-and-prevalence-of-use
#20
Gavin Whitehouse, Tanya Lawlis
AIM: Protein-based sports supplements are among the more common types of nutrition supplements consumed by athletes; however, there is currently limited data investigating the knowledge, motivations and occurrence of use among the adolescent population (13-18 years). This pilot study looks to obtain initial data regarding the use of protein supplements in this population. METHODS: This study investigates the understanding and occurrence of protein supplement use in 87 adolescent athletes based in an Australian capital city who compete in a variety of sports...
July 26, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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