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High-Intensity Interval Training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791578/high-intensity-interval-training-for-early-post-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-promising-approach-for-rats-but-what-about-human-beings
#1
Ricardo Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787405/introducing-a-clinical-documentation-specialist-to-improve-coding-and-collectability-on-a-surgical-service
#2
Maria Castaldi, John McNelis
INTRODUCTION: Inadequate electronic medical record (EMR) documentation remains a significant source of revenue loss. The Department of Surgery in a trauma and tertiary care teaching hospital developed a revenue optimization initiative for inpatients on general, vascular, and trauma surgery and surgical intensive care unit services to enhance clinical documentation and increase revenue capture. METHODS: Clinical documentation management program included six trained clinical documentation specialists (CDSs), five physician assistants (PAs), directors of health information management (HIM), and two surgical champions...
May 18, 2018: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785399/timing-of-exercise-affects-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-treated-with-metformin
#3
Tao Huang, Chunyan Lu, Moritz Schumann, Shenglong Le, Yifan Yang, Haihui Zhuang, Qingwei Lu, Jinsheng Liu, Petri Wiklund, Sulin Cheng
Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine the acute effects of the timing of exercise on the glycemic control during and after exercise in T2D. Methods: This study included 26 T2D patients (14 women and 12 men) who were treated with metformin. All patients were tested on four occasions: metformin administration alone (Metf), high-intensity interval training (HIIT) performed at 30 minutes (EX30), 60 minutes (EX60), and 90 minutes (EX90) postbreakfast, respectively...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785255/feasibility-of-high-intensity-training-in-asthma
#4
L L Toennesen, E D Soerensen, M Hostrup, C Porsbjerg, J Bangsbo, V Backer
Background: High-intensity interval training is an effective and popular training regime but its feasibility in untrained adults with asthma is insufficiently described. Objective: The randomized controlled trial 'EFFORT Asthma' explored the effects of behavioural interventions including high-intensity interval training on clinical outcomes in nonobese sedentary adults with asthma. In this article we present a sub analysis of data aiming to evaluate if patients' pre-intervention levels of asthma control, FEV1, airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) predicted their training response to the high-intensity interval training program, measured as increase in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max)...
2018: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782040/two-repetitive-bouts-of-intense-eccentric-concentric-jaw-exercises-reduce-experimental-muscle-pain-in-healthy-subjects
#5
Rosaria Bucci, Frank Lobbezoo, Ambrosina Michelotti, Michail Koutris
BACKGROUND: High-intensity eccentric-concentric contractions of the jaw-closing muscles induce muscle soreness, fatigue, and functional impairment of the jaw, resembling the symptoms of myalgia, according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). However, it is claimed that repetition of similar exercises can minimize these detrimental effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the response of jaw closing muscles following two series of intense eccentric-concentric exercises of the masticatory muscles in healthy subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781921/exercise-periodization-over-the-year-improves-metabolic-syndrome-and-medication-use
#6
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan Fernando Ortega, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if yearly repeated exercise training reduces metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the use of medicines to control MetS components. METHODS: Fifty five MetS individuals were randomized into a TRAIN group that underwent two yearly programs of 16-week of high intensity interval training (HIIT) or a non-exercising CONT group. We measured the evolution of all five MetS components, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF; assessed by VO2PEAK) and medicine use, at baseline (0 months), mid (12 months) and end-point (24 months)...
May 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775986/effects-of-two-training-programs-on-transcriptional-levels-of-neurotrophins-and-glial-cells-population-in-hippocampus-of-experimental-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Maryam Naghibzadeh, Rouhollah Ranjbar, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Abdolhamid Habibi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus low-intensity continuous training (LICT) on transcriptional levels of neurotrophic factors and oligodendrocyte/microglia cell loss in a cuprizone (CP) induced animal model of demyelination. Male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to six groups: control (C), cuprizone-induced demyelination (CP), interval training (IT), continuous training (CT), IT plus CP (ITCP), and CT plus CP (CTCP). Training programs on the treadmill were performed for four weeks, and then demyelination was induced by feeding mice a diet containing 0...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771824/psychological-and-behavioral-responses-to-interval-and-continuous-exercise
#8
Matthew J Stork, Martin J Gibala, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
PURPOSE: To compare psychological responses to, and preferences for, moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), high-intensity interval training (HIIT), and sprint interval training (SIT) among inactive adults; and to investigate the relationships between affect, enjoyment, exercise preferences, and subsequent exercise behavior over a 4-wk follow-up period. METHODS: Thirty inactive men and women (21.23±3.81 y), inexperienced with HIIT or SIT, completed three trials of cycle ergometer exercise in random order on separate days: MICT (45min continuous; ~70-75% of heart rate maximum (HRmax)); HIIT (10x1 min bouts at ~85-90%HRmax with 1-min recovery periods); and SIT (3x20-s "all-out" sprints with 2-min recovery periods)...
May 16, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769827/effects-of-a-4-week-very-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-high-intensity-interval-training-responses
#9
Lukas Cipryan, Daniel J Plews, Alessandro Ferretti, Phil B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of altering from habitual mixed Western-based (HD) to a very low-carbohydrate high-fat (VLCHF) diet over a 4-week timecourse on performance and physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Eighteen moderately trained males (age 23.8 ± 2.1 years) consuming their HD (48 ± 13% carbohydrate, 17 ± 3% protein, 35 ± 9% fat) were assigned to 2 groups. One group was asked to remain on their HD, while the other was asked to switch to a non-standardized VLCHF diet (8 ± 3% carbohydrate, 29 ± 15% protein, 63 ± 13% fat) for 4 weeks...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769816/the-effect-of-two-different-concurrent-training-programs-on-strength-and-power-gains-in-highly-trained-individuals
#10
Henrik Petré, Pontus Löfving, Niklas Psilander
The effects of concurrent strength and endurance training have been well studied in untrained and moderately-trained individuals. However, studies examining these effects in individuals with a long history of resistance training (RT) are lacking. Additionally, few studies have examined how strength and power are affected when different types of endurance training are added to an RT protocol. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effects of concurrent training incorporating either low-volume, high-intensity interval training (HIIT, 8-24 Tabata intervals at ~150% of VO2max ) or high-volume, medium-intensity continuous endurance training (CT, 40-80 min at 70% of VO2max ), on the strength and power of highly-trained individuals...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#12
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#13
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762252/high-intensity-interval-or-continuous-moderate-exercise-a-24-week-pilot-trial
#14
Sean R Locke, Jessica E Bourne, Mark R Beauchamp, Jonathan P Little, Julianne Barry, Joel Singer, Mary E Jung
PURPOSE: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may lead to superior cardiometabolic improvements when compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). However, adherence to HIIT requires examination. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) adherence 24 weeks following a brief counselling intervention combined with either HIIT or MICT. METHODS: Individuals at high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) were randomized to HIIT (n = 15) or MICT (n = 17) and completed 10 exercise sessions accompanied by a brief 10-minute counselling intervention over a 2-week period...
May 14, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762196/high-intensity-interval-training-and-continuous-aerobic-exercise-interventions-to-promote-self-initiated-quit-attempts-in-young-adults-who-smoke-feasibility-acceptability-and-lessons-learned-from-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#15
Alicia Allen, Samantha C Carlson, Tyler A Bosch, Lynn E Eberly, Kola Okuyemi, Uma Nair, Judith S Gordon
OBJECTIVES: While exercise significantly reduces craving for cigarettes, the effect of exercise on self-initiation of quit attempts is less known. Therefore, this randomized pilot study explored the effect of starting an exercise program on self-initiated quit attempts, and also the feasibility and acceptability of a novel exercise intervention, high-intensity interval training (HIIT), as compared with a more traditional continuous aerobic (CA) exercise intervention. METHODS: Participants smoked (≥5 cigarettes/d), were aged 18 to 40 years, and wanted to increase their exercise...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761054/is-high-intensity-interval-cycling-feasible-and-more-beneficial-than-continuous-cycling-for-knee-osteoarthritic-patients-results-of-a-randomised-control-feasibility-trial
#16
Justin W Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo
Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients often suffer joint pain and stiffness, which contributes to negative changes in body composition, strength, physical performance (function), physical activity and health-related quality of life. To reduce these symptoms and side effects of knee OA, moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) cycling is often recommended. While resistance training is considered the optimal form of training to improve sarcopenic outcomes, it imposes higher joint loads and requires supervision, either initially or continuously by trained exercise professionals...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750574/exercise-training-during-chemotherapy-preserves-skeletal-muscle-fiber-area-capillarization-and-mitochondrial-content-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#17
Sara Mijwel, Daniele A Cardinale, Jessica Norrbom, Mark Chapman, Niklas Ivarsson, Yvonne Wengström, Carl Johan Sundberg, Helene Rundqvist
Exercise has been suggested to ameliorate the detrimental effects of chemotherapy on skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different exercise regimens with usual care on skeletal muscle morphology and mitochondrial markers in patients being treated with chemotherapy for breast cancer. Specifically, we compared moderate-intensity aerobic combined with high-intensity interval training (AT-HIIT) and resistance combined with high-intensity interval training (RT-HIIT) with usual care (UC)...
May 11, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750181/therapeutic-potential-of-cycling-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-a-pilot-study
#18
Yoshitaka Iso, Hiroshi Suzuki, Etsushi Kyuno, Atsuo Maeda, Fumiyoshi Tsunoda, Ryo Miyazawa, Hitoshi Kowaita, Hitomi Kitai, Tetsuya Takahashi, Takeyuki Sambe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750058/australian-cardiac-rehabilitation-exercise-parameter-characteristics-and-perceptions-of-high-intensity-interval-training-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Amanda L Hannan, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein, Jeff S Coombes, James Furness, Rohan Jayasinghe, Joshua Byrnes
Purpose: This study explored current demographics, characteristics, costs, evaluation methods, and outcome measures used in Australian cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. It also determined the actual usage and perceptions of high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Methods: A cross-sectional observational web-based survey was distributed to 328 Australian CR programs nationally. Results: A total of 261 programs completed the survey (79...
2018: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749663/inter-individual-responses-to-different-exercise-stimuli-among-insulin-resistant-women
#20
C Álvarez, R Ramírez-Vélez, R Ramírez-Campillo, I Shigenori, C Celis-Morales, A García-Hermoso, L Rodriguez-Mañas, A Lucia, M Izquierdo
We aimed to investigate which among 20-cardiometabolic and performance outcomes do and do not respond to high-intensity interval training (HIT), resistance training (RT), or concurrent training (CT) in insulin-resistant adult women. A secondary aim was to report the training-induced changes and the prevalence of non-responders. Forty-five insulin-resistant adult women were randomly assigned to one of the following four groups: HIT (39.2±9.5 years [y]; body mass index [BMI], 29.3±3.3; n=14), RT (33.9±9.3 y; BMI, 29...
May 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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