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Stress tolerance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346603/homologous-stress-adaptation-antibiotic-resistance-and-biofilm-forming-ability-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-heidelberg-atcc8326-on-different-food-contact-surfaces-following-exposure-to-sublethal-chlorine-concentrations
#1
Tomi Obe, Rama Nannapaneni, Chander Shekhar Sharma, Aaron Kiess
Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (American Type Culture Collection; ATCC 8326) was examined for the ability to adapt to the homologous stress of chlorine through exposure to increasing chlorine concentrations (25 ppm daily increments) in tryptic soy broth (TSB). The tested strain exhibited an acquired tolerance to chlorine in TSB with the tolerant cells growing in concentrations up to 400 ppm. In addition, the chlorine stressed cells displayed rugose morphology on tryptic soy agar (TSA) plates at 37°C...
January 13, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345908/a-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-human-dna-polymerase-eta-potentiates-the-effects-of-cisplatin-in-tumor-cells
#2
Maroof K Zafar, Leena Maddukuri, Amit Ketkar, Narsimha Penthala, Megan R Reed, Sarah D Eddy, Peter A Crooks, Robert L Eoff
Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) performed by human DNA polymerase eta (hpol η) allows tolerance of damage from cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (CDDP or cisplatin). We have developed hpol η inhibitors derived from N-aryl-substituted indole barbituric acid (IBA), indole thiobarbituric acid (ITBA), and indole quinuclidine scaffolds and identified 5-((5-chloro-1-(naphthalen-2-ylmethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)methylene)-2-thioxodihydropyrimidine-4,6(1H,5H)-dione (PNR-7-02), an ITBA derivative that inhibited hpol η activity with an IC50 value of 8 μM and exhibited five- to ten-fold specificity for hpol η over replicative pols...
January 18, 2018: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345751/first-evidence-of-freezing-tolerance-in-a-resurrection-plant-insights-into-molecular-mobility-and-zeaxanthin-synthesis-in-the-dark
#3
Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Gilbert Neuner, Edith Kuprian, Jose Manuel Laza, J I José Ignacio García-Plazaola, Amy Verhoeven
The photoprotective mechanisms of desiccation tolerance and freezing tolerance and their relation to molecular mobility (cell vitrification) were assessed in a single model: the exceptional subalpine and resurrection plant Ramonda myconi. Dehydrated leaves showed a drop in Fv /Fm accompanied by synthesis of zeaxanthin (Z), even in the dark, which was limited by cell vitrification after complete desiccation. The recovery of Fv /Fm after a severe drying treatment (7 d at 50% RH) confirmed the tolerance of R. myconi leaves to desiccation...
January 18, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345307/competitive-ability-stress-tolerance-and-plant-interactions-along-stress-gradients
#4
Man Qi, Tao Sun, SuFeng Xue, Wei Yang, DongDong Shao, Javier Martínez-López
Exceptions to the generality of the stress-gradient hypothesis (SGH) may be reconciled by considering species-specific traits and stress tolerance strategies. Studies have tested stress tolerance and competitive ability in mediating interaction outcomes, but few have incorporated this to predict how species interactions shift between competition and facilitation along stress gradients. We used field surveys, salt tolerance and competition experiments to develop a predictive model interspecific interaction shifts across salinity stress gradients...
January 18, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345052/hpap-a-novel-regulatory-protein-with-atpase-and-phosphatase-activity-contributes-to-full-virulence-in-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-campestris
#5
Ping Cui, Rui-Fang Li, Da-Pei Zhang, Ji-Liang Tang, Guang-Tao Lu
The ability of the bacterial phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) to cause disease is dependent on the type III secretion system (T3SS). Proteins of the Xcc T3SS are encoded by hrp (hypersensitive response and pathogenicity) genes and whose expression is mainly controlled by the regulators HrpG and HrpX. Here, we describe the identification and characterization of a previously unknown regulatory protein (named HpaP), which plays important role in hrp gene expression and virulence in Xcc...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344846/evaluation-of-psychosocial-and-biological-parameters-in-women-seeking-for-a-caesarean-section-and-women-who-are-aiming-for-vaginal-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Benjamin Tuschy, Sebastian Berlit, Paul Stützer, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Ulf Baumgärtner, Marc Sütterlin
PURPOSE: To investigate psychosocial and biological parameters that may influence decision-making concerning the mode of delivery in women with caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Two hundred and two women were enrolled prospectively. The study sample (n = 93) consisted of women who aimed for CSMR, the control sample were women who seeked for vaginal delivery (n = 109). Parturients of both samples were enrolled during the pre-birth counselling at the delivery room at the University Medical Centre Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Germany...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344729/sodium-bicarbonate-supplementation-improves-severe-intensity-intermittent-exercise-under-moderate-acute-hypoxic-conditions
#7
Sanjoy K Deb, Lewis A Gough, S Andy Sparks, Lars R McNaughton
Acute moderate hypoxic exposure can substantially impair exercise performance, which occurs with a concurrent exacerbated rise in hydrogen cation (H+) production. The purpose of this study was therefore, to alleviate this acidic stress through sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation and determine the corresponding effects on severe-intensity intermittent exercise performance. Eleven recreationally active individuals participated in this randomised, double-blind, crossover study performed under acute normobaric hypoxic conditions (FiO2% = 14...
January 17, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342935/exogenous-melatonin-alleviates-cold-stress-by-promoting-antioxidant-defense-and-redox-homeostasis-in-camellia-sinensis-l
#8
Xin Li, Ji-Peng Wei, Eric R Scott, Jian-Wei Liu, Shuai Guo, Yang Li, Lan Zhang, Wen-Yan Han
The unprecedented early spring frost that appears as a cold stress adversely affects growth and productivity in tea (Camellia sinensis L.); therefore, it is indispensable to develop approaches to improve the cold tolerance of tea. Here, we investigated the effect of pretreatment with exogenous melatonin on the net photosynthetic rate, the maximum photochemical efficiency of PSII, chlorophyll content, lipid peroxidation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, antioxidant potential, and redox homeostasis in leaves of tea plants following cold stress...
January 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342282/membrane-fluxes-bypass-flows-and-sodium-stress-in-rice-the-influence-of-silicon
#9
Rubens Flam-Shepherd, Wayne Q Huynh, Devrim Coskun, Ahmed M Hamam, Dev T Britto, Herbert J Kronzucker
Provision of silicon (Si) to roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) can alleviate salt stress by blocking apoplastic, transpirational bypass flow of Na+ from root to shoot. However, little is known about how Si affects Na+ fluxes across cell membranes. Here, we measured radiotracer fluxes of 24Na+, plasma membrane depolarization, tissue ion accumulation, and transpirational bypass flow, to examine the influence of Si on Na+ transport patterns in hydroponically grown, salt-sensitive (cv. IR29) and salt-tolerant (cv...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342194/tolerance-to-mild-salinity-stress-in-japonica-rice-a-genome-wide-association-mapping-study-highlights-calcium-signaling-and-metabolism-genes
#10
Julien Frouin, Antoine Languillaume, Justine Mas, Delphine Mieulet, Arnaud Boisnard, Axel Labeyrie, Mathilde Bettembourg, Charlotte Bureau, Eve Lorenzini, Muriel Portefaix, Patricia Turquay, Aurore Vernet, Christophe Périn, Nourollah Ahmadi, Brigitte Courtois
Salinity tolerance is an important quality for European rice grown in river deltas. We evaluated the salinity tolerance of a panel of 235 temperate japonica rice accessions genotyped with 30,000 SNP markers. The panel was exposed to mild salt stress (50 mM NaCl; conductivity of 6 dS m-1) at the seedling stage. Eight different root and shoot growth parameters were measured for both the control and stressed treatments. The Na+ and K+ mass fractions of the stressed plants were measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341311/decreased-thermal-sweating-of-central-sudomotor-mechanism-in-african-and-korean-men
#11
Jeong Beom Lee, Jeong Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Tropical natives sweat less and preserve more body fluid than temperate natives, tolerating heat stress. However, the mechanisms involved in such sweating reduction have not been fully elucidated. We examined the sudomotor responses of men of African (n = 36) and Korean (n = 41) ancestry during hot water (43 °C) leg immersion (central sudomotor response). Correlations between mean body temperature, basal metabolic rate (BMR), and sweat rate were also examined. METHODS: All procedures were done in an automated climate chamber...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341193/impact-of-trans-fats-on-heat-shock-protein-expression-and-the-gut-microbiota-profile-of-mice
#12
Gessika Cristina Borges Castro Carvalho, Carolina Soares Moura, Aline Rissetti Roquetto, Daniel Barrera-Arellano, Aureo Tatsumi Yamada, Andrey Dos Santos, Mário José Abdalla Saad, Jaime Amaya-Farfan
Partially hydrogenated oils are known to cause metabolic stress and dyslipidemia. This paper explores a new dimension about the interaction between dietary trans-fats and the defense heat-shock protein (HSP) system, inflammation, and the gut microbiota of mice consuming a hyperlipidic diet containing partially hydrogenated vegetable oil free of animal fat. Five diet groups were installed: control diet, 2 hyperlipidic-partially hydrogenated-oil diets, each containing either casein or whey-protein hydrolysate (WPH) as protein source, and 2 consuming hyperlipidic-unhydrogenated-oil diets containing either WPH or casein as a protein source...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341173/strigolactones-positively-regulate-chilling-tolerance-in-pea-and-in-arabidopsis
#13
James W Cooper, Yan Hu, Leila Beyyoudh, H Yildiz Dasgan, Karl Kunert, Christine A Beveridge, Christine H Foyer
Strigolactones (SL) fulfil important roles in plant development and stress tolerance. Here we characterised the role of SL in the dark chilling tolerance of pea and Arabidopsis by analysis of mutants that are defective in either SL synthesis or signalling. Pea mutants (rms3, rms4, rms5) had significantly greater shoot branching with higher leaf chlorophyll a/b ratios and carotenoid contents than the wild type. Exposure to dark chilling significantly decreased shoot fresh weights but increased leaf numbers in all lines...
January 17, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340785/nitric-oxide-acts-downstream-of-abscisic-acid-in-molybdenum-induced-oxidative-tolerance-in-wheat
#14
Songwei Wu, Chengxiao Hu, Qiling Tan, Xiaohu Zhao, Shoujun Xu, Yitao Xia, Xuecheng Sun
Our study first reveals that Mo mediates oxidative tolerance through ABA signaling. Moreover, NO acts downstream of ABA signaling in Mo-induced oxidative tolerance in wheat under drought stress. Nitric oxide (NO) is related to the improvement of molybdenum (Mo)-induced oxidative tolerance. While the function of Mo in abscisic acid (ABA) synthesis and in mediating oxidative tolerance by the interaction of ABA and NO remain to be studied. The -Mo and +Mo treatment-cultivated wheat was separated and subsequently was pretreated with AO inhibitor, ABA synthesis inhibitor, exogenous ABA, NO scavenger, NO donor or their combinations under polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG)-stimulated drought stress (PSD)...
January 16, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339553/engineering-abiotic-stress-response-in-plants-for-biomass-production
#15
Sneh Lata Singla-Pareek, Rohit Joshi, Ashwani Pareek
One of the major challenges in today's agriculture is to achieve enhanced plant growth and biomass even under adverse environmental conditions. Recent advancements in genetics and molecular biology have enabled identification of a complex signaling network contributing towards plant growth and development on the one hand and abiotic stress response on the other. As an outcome of these studies, three major approaches have been identified having a potential to improve biomass production in plants under abiotic stress conditions...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339232/diapause-in-drosophila-melanogaster-photoperiodicity-cold-tolerance-and-metabolites
#16
Ane Martin Anduaga, Dora Nagy, Rodolfo Costa, Charalambos P Kyriacou
Unlike many insects where photoperiod per se induces diapause, reproductive arrest in Drosophila melanogaster adult females is observed at colder temperatures and can be enhanced by shorter photoperiods. Traditional experimental protocols raise flies at 25°C from the larval stage and then the adults are placed at 12°C for between 12 and 28 days. After 12 days diapause levels are usually higher than at 28 days, suggesting that the flies are in a cold induced quiescence, rather than a true diapause. By raising flies at more realistic lower temperatures, we observe quite dramatic and counter-intuitive effects on diapause, whose levels nevertheless correlate with various indices of cryoprotectant metabolites as well as resistance to chill shock...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338040/identification-and-expression-analyses-of-wrky-genes-reveal-their-involvement-in-growth-and-abiotic-stress-response-in-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus
#17
Xiaozhen Yang, Hao Li, Yongchao Yang, Yongqi Wang, Yanling Mo, Ruimin Zhang, Yong Zhang, Jianxiang Ma, Chunhua Wei, Xian Zhang
Despite identification of WRKY family genes in numerous plant species, a little is known about WRKY genes in watermelon, one of the most economically important fruit crops around the world. Here, we identified a total of 63 putative WRKY genes in watermelon and classified them into three major groups (I-III) and five subgroups (IIa-IIe) in group II. The structure analysis indicated that ClWRKYs with different WRKY domains or motifs may play different roles by regulating respective target genes. The expressions of ClWRKYs in different tissues indicate that they are involved in various tissue growth and development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338021/coral-physiology-and-microbiome-dynamics-under-combined-warming-and-ocean-acidification
#18
Andréa G Grottoli, Paula Dalcin Martins, Michael J Wilkins, Michael D Johnston, Mark E Warner, Wei-Jun Cai, Todd F Melman, Kenneth D Hoadley, D Tye Pettay, Stephen Levas, Verena Schoepf
Rising seawater temperature and ocean acidification threaten the survival of coral reefs. The relationship between coral physiology and its microbiome may reveal why some corals are more resilient to these global change conditions. Here, we conducted the first experiment to simultaneously investigate changes in the coral microbiome and coral physiology in response to the dual stress of elevated seawater temperature and ocean acidification expected by the end of this century. Two species of corals, Acropora millepora containing the thermally sensitive endosymbiont C21a and Turbinaria reniformis containing the thermally tolerant endosymbiont Symbiodinium trenchi, were exposed to control (26...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337864/effects-of-chitosan-pva-and-cu-nanoparticles-on-the-growth-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-tomato-under-saline-stress
#19
Hipólito Hernández-Hernández, Susana González-Morales, Adalberto Benavides-Mendoza, Hortensia Ortega-Ortiz, Gregorio Cadenas-Pliego, Antonio Juárez-Maldonado
Chitosan is a natural polymer, which has been used in agriculture to stimulate crop growth. Furthermore, it has been used for the encapsulation of nanoparticles in order to obtain controlled release. In this work, the effect of chitosan-PVA and Cu nanoparticles (Cu NPs) absorbed on chitosan-PVA on growth, antioxidant capacity, mineral content, and saline stress in tomato plants was evaluated. The results show that treatments with chitosan-PVA increased tomato growth. Furthermore, chitosan-PVA increased the content of chlorophylls a and b, total chlorophylls, carotenoids, and superoxide dismutase...
January 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337451/-nephrology
#20
Sophie De Seigneux, Belen Ponte, Karine Hadaya, Yassine Bouatou, Patrick Saudan
New antidiabetic drugs which slow effectively the course of diabetic nephropathy are now available. There is no benefit of prophylactic hydratation to prevent contrast nephropathy in patients with moderate chronic kidney disease. In elderly hemodialysis patients, hemodiafiltration seems better tolerated than conventional hemodialysis, although there is a similar dialysis-induced myocardial stress with both methods. Role of de novo donor-specific antibodies is better characterized, which may subsequently lead to new treatments of graft rejection...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
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