Read by QxMD icon Read


Espérie Burnet, Dominique Hubert, Juliette Champreux, Isabelle Honoré, Reem Kanaan, Rosewilta Panzo, Pierre-Régis Burgel
BACKGROUND: Timely response should be provided when patients contact the cystic fibrosis (CF) centre in between scheduled visits. Little data exist on unplanned patient-initiated contacts in CF adults. METHODS: A two-stage prospective study was undertaken from 1 January to 31 December 2015 at Cochin Hospital, Paris (France). The first stage included all adults (≥18 years) who initiated unplanned contacts to the CF centre over four months. Four physicians and three nurses systematically recorded unplanned patient-initiated contacts...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
Juliana C Baldin, Paulo E S Munekata, Euder C Michelin, Yana J Polizer, Poliana M Silva, Thais M Canan, Manoela A Pires, Silvia H S Godoy, Carmen S Fávaro-Trindade, Cesar G Lima, Andrezza M Fernandes, Marco A Trindade
The aim of the present study was to add microencapsulated Jabuticaba aqueous extract (MJE) to mortadella as a natural dye and to evaluate its possible antioxidant and antimicrobial activity during refrigeration. Anthocyanins in the extract were quantified and identified. Three treatments of mortadella were prepared: without dye (Control), with cochineal carmine (Carmine) and with the addition of 2% MJE. We determined the chemical composition of mortadella, along with pH, instrumental color, lipid oxidation, microbiological characteristics (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, sulphite-reducing Clostridium, aerobic mesophiles, aerobic psychrotrophics and lactic acid bacteria) and sensory acceptance during storage at 4 °C for 56 days...
June 2018: Food Research International
Naoko Takeo, Masashi Nakamura, Satoshi Nakayama, Osamu Okamoto, Naoki Sugimoto, Shinichi Sugiura, Nayu Sato, Susumu Harada, Masao Yamaguchi, Naoya Mitsui, Yumiko Kubota, Kayoko Suzuki, Makoto Terada, Akiyo Nagai, Junko Sowa-Osako, Yutaka Hatano, Hiroshi Akiyama, Akiko Yagami, Sakuhei Fujiwara, Kayoko Matsunaga
BACKGROUND: Cochineal dye is used worldwide as a red coloring in foods, drinks, cosmetics, quasi-drugs, and drugs. The main component of the red color is carminic acid (CA). Carmine is an aluminum- or calcium-chelated product of CA. CA and carmine usually contain contaminating proteins, including a 38-kDa protein thought to be the primary allergen. Severe allergic reactions manifest as anaphylaxis. The aim of this study was to review all Japanese reported cases and propose useful diagnostic chart...
April 25, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Camille Daste, François Rannou, Luc Mouthon, Katherine Sanchez, Alexandra Roren, Vincent Tiffreau, Éric Hachulla, Philippe Thoumie, Jean Cabane, Emmanuel Chatelus, Jean Sibilia, Serge Poiraudeau, Christelle Nguyen
BACKGROUND: To estimate patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for patient-reported outcomes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the SCLEREDUC trial, a 12-month randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of physical therapy to usual care in 220 SSc patients followed-up from September 2005 to October 2010. Self-rated state and change in patient health at 12 months were assessed by using 2 external anchors extracted from the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form...
March 27, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
A Anjusha, R Jyothibabu, L Jagadeesan, N Arunpandi
The distribution ecology of microzooplankton in the Kochi (Cochin) backwaters has been presented. Emphasis has been given to the micro-rotifers present in the environment, considering they were a hitherto ignored component of the microzooplankton in the past studies. Three seasonal samplings were carried out at six locations along the salinity gradients in the Kochi backwaters during the Pre-Monsoon (March), Southwest Monsoon (August), and Northeast Monsoon (December). A total of 48 species of microzooplankton were recorded, of which 35 were ciliates, 10 were rotifers, and 3 were heterotrophic dinoflagellates...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Xiao Xiao, Wei Li, Corbin Clawson, David Karvani, Perceval Sondag, James K Hahn
Purpose: The study aimed to develop a motion capture system that can track, visualize, and analyze the entire performance of self-injection with the auto-injector. Methods: Each of nine healthy subjects and 29 rheumatoid arthritic (RA) patients with different degrees of hand disability performed two simulated injections into an injection pad while six degrees of freedom (DOF) motions of the auto-injector and the injection pad were captured. We quantitatively measured the performance of the injection by calculating needle displacement from the motion trajectories...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
P Randuineau, N Stieltjes, V Perut, P Paubel, I Lopez
OBJECTIVES: Hemophilia is a rare genetic disease, characterized by uncontrolled bleeding. Injections of clotting factor are the principal are the principal treatment. This drug is very expensive. The objectives of this study are to determine the cost of clotting factor for in patients and the factor impacting this cost. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried on hemophiliac in patients between 1 January 2014 and 31 December 2015 in Cochin hospital and having received at least an injection of clotting factor during their hospitalization...
April 11, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Olivia Xerri, Sawsen Salah, Dominique Monnet, Antoine P Brézin
BACKGROUND: Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a rare inflammatory eye disease that affects the Retinal Pigment Epithelium and outer retina. The purpose of this study was to describe its presentations, as well as its prognosis in a series of untreated patients. METHODS: Records of patients seen in the department of Ophthalmology at Cochin University Hospital, Paris, between April 2002 and June 2015 were retrospectively studied...
March 20, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Vijayan Jasna, Angia Sriram Pradeep Ram, Ammini Parvathi, Telesphore Sime-Ngando
Our understanding on the importance of viral lysis in the functioning of tropical estuarine ecosystem is limited. This study examines viral infection of prokaryotes and subsequent lysis of cells belonging to different morphotypes across a salinity gradient in monsoon driven estuarine ecosystem (Cochin estuary, India). High standing stock of viruses and prokaryotes accompanied by lytic infection rates in the euryhaline/mesohaline region of the estuary suggests salinity to have an influential role in driving interactions between prokaryotes and viruses...
2018: PloS One
I A Hernández-González, J A Cruz-Rodríguez
The wild cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae) is considered to be the most important pest in cactus pear plantations. In Mexico, there are seven natural enemies that provide natural biological control of D. opuntiae. However, their role and impact have not been evaluated. In this article, we report on aspects of the population biology of Chilocorus cacti L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), which is considered one of the main natural enemies of D. opuntiae. We also conducted experiments to evaluate the consumption of C...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Entomology
P M Salas, C H Sujatha, C S Ratheesh Kumar, Eldhose Cheriyan
Surface sediments from three zones (fresh water, estuarine, and riverine/industrial zones) of the Cochin estuary, Southwest coast of India, were seasonally analyzed to understand the nature and degradation status of organic matter. Amino acid-based indices such as total hydrolyzable amino acids (THAAs), percentage contributions of amino acid carbon to total organic carbon (THAA-C%) and those of amino acid nitrogen to total nitrogen (THAA-N%), and degradation index (DI) were calculated. Elevated levels of amino acids in the sediments of the estuary were attributed to river runoff, autochthonous production, allochthonous inputs, and industrial and domestic effluent discharges...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Valérie Cochin, Erwan de Mones, Laurence Digue, Muriel Garcia-Ramirez, Charles Dupin, Claire Majoufre, Philipe Fernandez, Amaury Daste
BACKGROUND: Induction chemotherapy (IC) with TPF (docetaxel, cisplatin, 5FU) for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LAHNSCC) is limited to fit patients. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the use of the EXTREME regimen (platinum-based therapy, 5FU, cetuximab) as IC in frail patients with LAHNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients with unresectable LAHNSCC treated with the EXTREME regimen, with or without 5FU as IC, from two French centers from 2008 to 2015...
April 2018: Targeted Oncology
Simon Garinet, Juliette Nectoux, Mario Neou, Eric Pasmant, Anne Jouinot, Mathilde Sibony, Lucie Orhant, Juliana Pipoli da Fonseca, Karine Perlemoine, Léopoldine Bricaire, Lionel Groussin, Olivier Soubrane, Bertrand Dousset, Rossella Libe, Franck Letourneur, Jérome Bertherat, Guillaume Assié
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
S Parisi, C Celletti, M Scarati, M Priora, A Laganà, C L Peroni, F Camerota, G La Torre, D Blow, E Fusaro
Hand functioning is often impaired in patients with Systemic sclerosis. Neuromuscular Taping is a novel application of tape able to improve functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of this application in the hand functionality of patients with Systemic sclerosis. Women with a diagnosis of SSc has been recruited and evaluated using different scales before and immediately after NMT application and after one, three and six months. Fifty-three women has been evaluated and Cochin Hand Functional Disability scale, Hand Mobility in Sclerodermia, Modified Rodnan Skin Score and Dreiser Algo - Functional Index scores showed statistical significant differences during all the period; moreover a reduction of pain and Raynaud Phenomenon's and an improvement of finger flexion has been observed...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Sébastien Peytrignet, Christopher P Denton, Mark Lunt, Roger Hesselstrand, Luc Mouthon, Alan Silman, Xiaoyan Pan, Edith Brown, László Czirják, Jörg H W Distler, Oliver Distler, Kim Fligelstone, William J Gregory, Rachel Ochiel, Madelon Vonk, Codrina Ancuta, Voon H Ong, Dominique Farge, Marie Hudson, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Øyvind Midtvedt, Alison C Jordan, Wendy Stevens, Pia Moinzadeh, Frances C Hall, Christian Agard, Marina E Anderson, Elisabeth Diot, Rajan Madhok, Mohammed Akil, Maya H Buch, Lorinda Chung, Nemanja Damjanov, Harsha Gunawardena, Peter Lanyon, Yasmeen Ahmad, Kuntal Chakravarty, Søren Jacobsen, Alexander J MacGregor, Neil McHugh, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabriela Riemekasten, Michael Becker, Janet Roddy, Patricia E Carreira, Anne Laure Fauchais, Eric Hachulla, Jennifer Hamilton, Murat Inanç, John S McLaren, Jacob M van Laar, Sanjay Pathare, Susanna Proudman, Anna Rudin, Joanne Sahhar, Brigitte Coppere, Christine Serratrice, Tom Sheeran, Douglas J Veale, Claire Grange, Georges-Selim Trad, Ariane L Herrick
Objectives: Our aim was to describe the burden of early dcSSc in terms of disability, fatigue and pain in the European Scleroderma Observational Study cohort, and to explore associated clinical features. Methods: Patients completed questionnaires at study entry, 12 and 24 months, including the HAQ disability index (HAQ-DI), the Cochin Hand Function Scale (CHFS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-fatigue and the Short Form 36 (SF36). Associates examined included the modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), current digital ulcers and internal organ involvement...
February 1, 2018: Rheumatology
Sibila Floriano Landim, Manoel Barros Bertolo, Marcos Felipe Marcatto de Abreu, Ana Paula Del Rio, Cecilia Carmen Mazon, João Francisco Marques-Neto, Janet L Poole, Eduardo de Paiva Magalhães
STUDY DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design where patients were evaluated before and after participation in the self-management program. INTRODUCTION: Hands are commonly affected in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Strategies to maintain or improve hand function are indicated upon diagnosis and throughout the course of the disease. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a home-based program for hands in patients with SSc...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Nora Bouaziz, Alice Titia Rizzi
The refusal of treatment is frequent in human immunodeficiency virus-positive adolescents. The clinical history of a teenage girl presenting severe immunodepression secondary to the virus, a depressive disorder and a refusal of treatment, illustrates the benefit of combined paediatric, child psychiatric and cross-cultural care as proposed by the Cochin-Paris Adolescent Centre. Working on the meaning of the refusal was a prerequisite for the construction of a care project forming part of a life project, as the psychopathological work could only begin once somatic care ensuring the patient's protection was in place...
November 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
Isabelle Ratet, Marie Touzet, Julie Demouy, Lise Da Costa
Oral feeding difficulties represent a major health issue for the future of babies born prematurely. In a neonatal intensive care unit at the Hôpital Cochin, a multi-disciplinary group of professionals regularly meet to initiate team actions. Infants vulnerabilities and quality of life and parents supports are essential for patient management.
November 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
M Say, N Dupin, N Stieltjes, M-F Avril, S Aractingi, J Chanal
BACKGROUND: Von Willebrand disease (VWD) and hemophilia A and B are the most common types of hereditary coagulation-factor deficiencies. The frequency and type of complications of skin surgery in these patients are unknown. The increasing incidence of skin cancer prompted us to reflect upon this issue. While the incidence of skin cancer is increasing, the complications of skin surgery or ablative laser treatment remain unknown in this population. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of bleeding complications during and after skin surgery in patients with a hereditary coagulation-factor deficiency (hemophilia or VWD)...
November 14, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Jérôme Avouac, Anna Moltó, Vered Abitbol, Adrien Etcheto, Axelle Salcion, Loriane Gutermann, Caroline Klotz, Muriel Elhai, Pascal Cohen, Pierre Antoine Soret, Florence Morin, Ornella Conort, François Chast, Claire Goulvestre, Claire Le Jeunne, Stanislas Chaussade, André Kahan, Christian Roux, Yannick Allanore, Maxime Dougados
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effectiveness of systematic switching treatment from innovator infliximab to biosimilar infliximab, and its associated factors. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all adult patients receiving maintenance therapy with innovator infliximab in Cochin University Hospital were systematically switched to biosimilar infliximab. Effectiveness was assessed by the retention rate of biosimilar infliximab at the time of the third infusion...
October 5, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"