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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437742/biological-treatment-of-model-dyes-and-textile-wastewaters
#1
Alicia Paz, Julia Carballo, María José Pérez, José Manuel Domínguez
Previous works conducted in our laboratory, reveled that Bacillus aryabhattai DC100 produce ligninolytic enzymes such as laccases and/or peroxidases, opening new applications in different bioprocesses, including the treatment of disposal residues such as dyestuffs from textile processing industries. This work described the degradation of three commercial model dyes Coomassie Brilliant Blue G-250 (CBB), Indigo Carmine (IC) and Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) under different culture media and operational conditions...
April 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436607/visual-complaints-in-intracranial-germinomas
#2
Didier Frappaz, Claire Pedone, Philippe Thiesse, Alexandru Szathmari, Cécile Faure Conter, Carmine Mottolese, Christian Carrie
OBJECTIVE: Patients with brain tumors often report having visual complaints. This may be due to increased intracranial pressure, compression/invasion of the optic pathway or diplopia. We assessed the incidence and the etiology of visual symptoms in patients with intracranial germinoma tumors (ICGTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a blinded retrospective review of the clinical charts and the initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 28 patients with ICGT...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435157/the-systemic-nature-of-ckd
#3
REVIEW
Carmine Zoccali, Raymond Vanholder, Ziad A Massy, Alberto Ortiz, Pantelis Sarafidis, Friedo W Dekker, Danilo Fliser, Denis Fouque, Gunnar H Heine, Kitty J Jager, Mehmet Kanbay, Francesca Mallamaci, Gianfranco Parati, Patrick Rossignol, Andrzej Wiecek, Gerard London
The accurate definition and staging of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the major achievements of modern nephrology. Intensive research is now being undertaken to unravel the risk factors and pathophysiologic underpinnings of this disease. In particular, the relationships between the kidney and other organs have been comprehensively investigated in experimental and clinical studies in the last two decades. Owing to technological and analytical limitations, these links have been studied with a reductionist approach focusing on two organs at a time, such as the heart and the kidney or the bone and the kidney...
April 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434624/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#4
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan Furth, Carmine Zoccali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433817/climate-change-risks-extinction-debt-and-conservation-implications-for-a-threatened-freshwater-fish-carmine-shiner-notropis-percobromus
#5
Shubha N Pandit, Bryan M Maitland, Laxmi K Pandit, Mark S Poesch, Eva C Enders
Climate change is affecting many freshwater species, particularly fishes. Predictions of future climate change suggest large and deleterious effects on species with narrow dispersal abilities due to limited hydrological connectivity. In turn, this creates the potential for population isolation in thermally unsuitable habitats, leading to physiological stress, species declines or possible extirpation. The current extent of many freshwater fish species' spatio-temporal distribution patterns and their sensitivity to thermal impacts from climate change - critical information for conservation planning - are often unknown...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430640/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-prostate-cancer-an-overview
#6
REVIEW
Micaela Montanari, Sabrina Rossetti, Carla Cavaliere, Carmine D'Aniello, Maria Gabriella Malzone, Daniela Vanacore, Rossella Di Franco, Elvira La Mantia, Gelsomina Iovane, Raffaele Piscitelli, Raffaele Muscariello, Massimiliano Berretta, Sisto Perdonà, Paolo Muto, Gerardo Botti, Attilio Antonio Montano Bianchi, Bianca Maria Veneziani, Gaetano Facchini
Prostate cancer is a main urological disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Radical prostatectomy and radiotherapy are potentially curative for localized prostate cancer, while androgen deprivation therapy is the initial systemic therapy for metastatic prostate disease. However, despite temporary response, most patients relapse and evolve into castration resistant cancer.Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a complex gradual process that occurs during embryonic development and/or tumor progression...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427453/the-italian-society-for-pediatric-nephrology-sinepe-consensus-document-on-the-management-of-nephrotic-syndrome-in-children-part-i-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-first-episode-and-the-first-relapse
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Pasini, Elisa Benetti, Giovanni Conti, Luciana Ghio, Marta Lepore, Laura Massella, Daniela Molino, Licia Peruzzi, Francesco Emma, Carmelo Fede, Antonella Trivelli, Silvio Maringhini, Marco Materassi, Giovanni Messina, Giovanni Montini, Luisa Murer, Carmine Pecoraro, Marco Pennesi
This consensus document is aimed at providing an updated, multidisciplinary overview on the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric nephrotic syndrome (NS) at first presentation. It is the first consensus document of its kind to be produced by all the pediatric nephrology centres in Italy, in line with what is already present in other countries such as France, Germany and the USA. It is based on the current knowledge surrounding the symptomatic and steroid treatment of NS, with a view to providing the basis for a separate consensus document on the treatment of relapses...
April 21, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426214/calix-5-arene-through-the-annulus-threading-of-dialkylammonium-guests-weakly-paired-to-the-tfpb-anion
#8
Margherita De Rosa, Carmen Talotta, Carmine Gaeta, Annunziata Soriente, Placido Neri, Sebastiano Pappalardo, Giuseppe Gattuso, Anna Notti, Melchiorre F Parisi, Ilenia Pisagatti
The through-the-annulus threading of calix[5]arene penta-O-ethers by dialkylammonium cations coupled to the loosely coordinating superweak TFPB- anion has been successfully accomplished. 1H NMR titration data show that the preorganization of the calix[5]arene scaffold leads to great thermodynamic stability of the pseudorotaxane complexes as well as to a favorable kinetic of threading. Accordingly, calix[5]arene 1c, bearing tert-butyl groups at the wide rim, was threaded by all the cations under study (with the exception of the dibenzylammonium 2b+) more tightly than the other derivatives under investigation (Kas up to 2...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423973/neurological-involvement-of-igg4-related-disease-description-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Marco Varrassi, Camilla Gianneramo, Francesco Arrigoni, Paolo Cerrone, Patrizia Sucapane, Carmine Marini, Alessandra Splendiani
IgG4-related disease is a recently discovered pathological entity, histologically characterised by fibrosis and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration. This condition may virtually involve every site of the organism, with a various range of clinical presentations. The most commonly affected organ is the pancreatic gland, but it can also involve the biliary tract, salivary and lacrimal glands, kidneys, orbital tissues, lymph nodes, lungs and many others. More recently, IgG4-related disease has been demonstrated to involve, in rare cases, also the central nervous system, with a pattern mainly characterised by hypertrophic pachymeningitis...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422277/oxidized-ldl-gamma-glutamyltransferase-and-adverse-outcomes-in-older-adults
#10
Belinda Spoto, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Eric J Sijbrands, Graziella D'Arrigo, Giovanni Tripepi, Stefano Volpato, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, Carmine Zoccali
OBJECTIVES: Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is a biomarker of liver disease and oxidative stress which was associated with all-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality in the general population and in patients with high risk conditions. This study aims at assessing whether oxLDL modifies the relationship between GGT, all-cause, and CV mortality in elderly individuals from the general population. DESIGN: Observational longitudinal study. SETTING: Population-based cohort of older individuals (>65 years) free of liver disease...
April 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420125/bioavailable-citrus-sinensis-extract-polyphenolic-composition-and-biological-activity
#11
Giacomo Pepe, Francesco Pagano, Simona Adesso, Eduardo Sommella, Carmine Ostacolo, Michele Manfra, Marcello Chieppa, Marina Sala, Mariateresa Russo, Stefania Marzocco, Pietro Campiglia
Citrus plants contain large amounts of flavonoids with beneficial effects on human health. In the present study, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of bioavailable polyphenols from Citrus sinensis was evaluated in vitro and ex vivo, using the murine macrophages cell line J774A.1 and primary peritoneal macrophages. Following simulated gastro-intestinal digestion, the in vitro bioavailability of Citrus sinensis polyphenolic extract was assessed using the human cell line Caco-2 grown as monolayers on a transwell membrane...
April 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419216/lav-bpifb4-isoform-modulates-enos-signaling-through-ca2-pkc-alpha-dependent-mechanism
#12
Chiara Carmela Spinelli, Albino Carrizzo, Anna Ferrario, Francesco Villa, Antonio Damato, Mariateresa Ambrosio, Michele Madonna, Giacomo Frati, Sergio Fucile, Miriam Sciaccalunga, Mario Capunzo, Gaetano Calì, Luciano Milanesi, Anna Maciag, Annibale Alessandro Puca, Carmine Vecchione
Aims: Aging is associated with impairment of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and progressive reduction in endothelial function. A genetic study on long-living individuals - who are characterized by delays in aging and in the onset of cardiovascular disease - previously revealed I229V ( rs2070325 ) in BPIFB4 as a longevity-associated variant (LAV); the LAV protein enhanced endothelial NO production and vasorelaxation through a PERK/14-3-3/HSP90 signal. Here, we further characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying LAV-BPIFB4-dependent enhancement of vascular function...
April 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416938/combined-systemic-and-hysteroscopic-intra-amniotic-injection-of-methotrexate-associated-with-hysteroscopic-resection-for-cervical-pregnancy-a-cutting-edge-approach-for-an-uncommon-condition
#13
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Mariana da Cunha Vieira, Antonio Simone Laganà, Benito Chiofalo, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Mariamaddalena Scala, Marianna De Falco, Carmine Nappi, Ursula Catena, Giuseppe Bifulco
This case report of a 36-year-old woman with a diagnosis of cervical pregnancy describes a novel approach to this rare form of ectopic pregnancy, which was successfully treated with systemic and local methotrexate (MTX) therapy combined with hysteroscopic resection. After local and systemic administration of MTX, the patient underwent hysteroscopic resection of the cervical pregnancy using a 27 bipolar resectoscope with a 4-mm loop. The cervical pregnancy was completely treated, and satisfactory hemostasis was achieved with electrocoagulation...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415746/epigenetic-up-regulation-of-ribosome-biogenesis-and-more-aggressive-phenotype-triggered-by-the-lack-of-the-histone-demethylase-jhdm1b-in-mammary-epithelial-cells
#14
Alice Galbiati, Marianna Penzo, Maria Giulia Bacalini, Carmine Onofrillo, Ania Naila Guerrieri, Paolo Garagnani, Claudio Franceschi, Davide Treré, Lorenzo Montanaro
The alterations of ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis play a direct role in the development of tumors. The accessibility and transcription of ribosomal genes is controlled at several levels, with their epigenetic regulation being one of the most important. Here we explored the JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase 1B (JHDM1B) function in the epigenetic control of rDNA transcription. Since JHDM1B is a negative regulator of gene transcription, we focused on the effects induced by JHDM1B knock-down (KD)...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412862/impact-of-transvaginal-hydrolaparoscopy-ovarian-drilling-on-ovarian-stromal-blood-flow-and-ovarian-volume-in-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-pcos-patients-a-case-control-study
#15
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Ilaria Morra, Nicoletta De Rosa, Angelo Cagnacci, Massimiliano Pellicano, Costantino Di Carlo, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in gynecology. In PCOS patients vascularization parameters are altered. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) is a mini-invasive approach for ovarian drilling in PCOS patients. In this study, we assessed the effect of ovarian drilling using THL on ovarian volume (OV) and vascularization index (VI) using 3D power Doppler ultrasonography in CC-resistant PCOS patients. A case-control study on 123 CC-resistant PCOS women who underwent THL ovarian drilling was performed...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411810/multivariate-curve-resolution-applied-to-kinetic-spectroscopic-data-matrices-dye-determination-in-foods-by-means-of-enzymatic-oxidation
#16
Valeria Boeris, Juan A Arancibia, Alejandro C Olivieri
In this work, the combination of chemometric techniques with kinetic-spectroscopic data allowed quantifying two dyes (tartrazine and carminic acid) in complex matrices as mustard, ketchup, asparagus soup powder, pumpkin soup powder, plum jam and orange-strawberry juice. Quantitative analysis was performed without the use of tedious sample pretreatment, due to the achievement of the second-order advantage. The results obtained showed an improvement in simplicity, speed and cost with respect to usual separation techniques, allowing to properly quantifying these dyes obtaining limits of detection below 0...
July 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411232/wnt5a-regulates-adipose-tissue-angiogenesis-via-anti-angiogenic-vegfa165b-in-obese-humans
#17
Shakun Karki, Doan Ngo, Melissa G Farb, Song-Young Park, Samantha M Saggese, Naomi M Hamburg, Brian Carmine, Donald T Hess, Kenneth Walsh, Noyan Gokce
Experimental studies suggest that Wingless-related integration site 5a (WNT5A) is a pro-inflammatory secreted protein that is associated with metabolic dysfunction in obesity. Impaired angiogenesis in fat has been implicated in the development of adipose tissue capillary rarefaction, hypoxia, inflammation and metabolic dysfunction. We recently demonstrated that impaired adipose tissue angiogenesis is associated with overexpression of anti-angiogenic factor VEGF-A165b in human fat and the systemic circulation...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407132/causal-mechanism-and-component-causes-in-mesoamerican-sri-lankan-nephropathy-the-moderator-s-view
#18
Carmine Zoccali
Inspired by Conan Doyle's novels, the pro contender of this Polar View undertakes an elegant exercise in territory common to epidemiology and police investigation and concludes that cyclic episodes of dehydration in individuals exposed to heavy work in very hot climates is the cause of Mesoamerican and Sri Lankan nephropathy. The contender in the opposite camp accepts the idea that dehydration may play a key role in this condition but highlights a different explanation, that it is contaminated water used for rehydration that is the eventual cause of the disease...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406307/gamma-cyclodextrin-as-a-catalyst-for-the-synthesis-of-2-methyl-3-5-diarylisoxazolidines-in-water
#19
Giuseppe Floresta, Carmen Talotta, Carmine Gaeta, Margherita De Rosa, Ugo Chiacchio, Placido Neri, Antonio Rescifina
A green and efficient 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrones with different styrenes and cinnamates using a catalytic amount of gamma-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) in water has been developed to give substituted isoxazolidines. γ-CD was found to be highly efficacious in carrying out this reaction under eco-friendly environment affording moderate to excellent yields and in some case excellent diastereomeric excess (up to >95%) at 100 °C in 8-12 h. The catalyst can be easily recuperated and recycled for several times without loss of activity...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403885/lung-structure-and-function-similarities-between-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-and-mild-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#20
Marco Maglione, Silvia Montella, Carmine Mollica, Vincenzo Carnovale, Paola Iacotucci, Fabiola De Gregorio, Antonella Tosco, Mariarosaria Cervasio, Valeria Raia, Francesca Santamaria
BACKGROUND: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) are increasingly compared. There are no chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) comparative studies of PCD and CF. We assessed clinical, functional, microbiological and MRI findings in PCD and mild CF patients in order to evaluate different expression of lung disease. METHODS: Twenty PCD (15.1 years) and 20 CF subjects with mild respiratory impairment (16 years, 70% with pancreatic insufficiency) underwent MRI, spirometry, and sputum cultures when clinically stable...
April 12, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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