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Gastric bypass complications

Wesley F Kim, Thomas Sonnanstine
BACKGROUND: Despite effectively treating obesity and its comorbidities, only a fraction of the growing obese population is evaluated for bariatric surgery. Aside from barriers including resources and social support, patients report personal experience with friends and relatives suffering poor outcomes after bariatric surgery. Rates of mortality, leaks, and strictures have decreased over the past 20 years, but few instances of gross surgeon error have been reported in the literature. Our objective is to report and demonstrate the revision of a critically shortened Roux limb in a patient with chronic nausea and dysphagia found to have a 15-cm Roux limb and briefly discuss its implications...
March 14, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Abhilash Nali, Sheikh Mohammad Taha Mustafa, Vinod K Malik
INTRODUCTION: Ischemia of the tip of the alimentary limb involving the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) is an unusual complication during Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Revision of the GJ may be needed to manage this complication. OBJECTIVES: We present a case of inadvertent perforation of the jejunum by a gastric calibration tube, which was recognized on the table and appropriate measures are then taken. Repair of this enterotomy however then led to ischemia of the tip of alimentary limb extending to a portion of the GJ anastomosis...
March 13, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Andres Sanchez-Pernaute, Antonio Torres, Joshua Roller, Yong Kwon, Joshua Mourot, Bleu Schniederjan, Bo Neichoy, Paul Enochs, Michael Tyner, Jon Bruce, Scott Bovard, Mitchell Roslin, Muhammad Jawad, Andre Teixeira, Myur Srikanth, Jason Free, Hinali Zaveri, David Pilati, Jamie Bull, LeGrand Belnap, Christina Richards, Walter Medlin, Rena Moon, Austin Cottam, Sarah Sabrudin, Samuel Cottam, Aneesh Dhorepatil
BACKGROUND: The single-anastomosis duodenal switch procedure is a type of duodenal switch that involves a loop anastomosis rather than traditional Roux-en-Y reconstruction. To date, there have been no multicenter studies looking at the complications associated with post-pyloric loop reconstruction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the incidence of complications associated with loop duodeno-ileostomy (DI) following single-anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) procedures...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Usha K Coblijn, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Christel A L de Raaff, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo bariatric surgery is multifactorial and made both by patient and doctor. Information is of the utmost importance for this decision. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bariatric surgery patient's preferences regarding information provision in bariatric surgery. SETTING: A teaching hospital, bariatric center of excellence in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: All patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy between September 2013 and September 2014 were approached by mail to participate...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_148_16].
April 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Uri Kaplan, Scott Penner, Forough Farrokhyar, Nicole Andruszkiewicz, Ruth Breau, Scott Gmora, Dennis Hong, Mehran Anvari
PURPOSE: Older age (> 60) has been considered a relative contraindication for bariatric surgery due to increased complication risk. This study examined the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery for patients older than 60 years in Canadian population. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the Ontario Bariatric Registry: a database recording peri-operative and post-operative outcomes of publicly funded bariatric surgeries across the province. Patients who completed 1 year follow-up, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between January 2010 and May 2013, were divided into older (> 60) and younger (> 60) cohorts, and outcomes were compared...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Gianfranco Donatelli, Ludovica Guerriero, Fabrizio Cereatti, Kostantinos Arapis, Carmelisa Dammaro, Jean-Loup Dumont, David Fuks, Silvana Perretta
INTRODUCTION: Proximal gastric leak is one of the most common complications after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Endoscopy is the gold standard treatment for acute staple-line leaks. Surgery is the most effective treatment modality in case of chronic fistula. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 55-year- old man presented an acute leak after LSG. The leak was treated with metal stent deployment with temporary closure. After 6 months, he presented leak recurrence with general sepsis, perigastric-infected collection, and gastro-jejunal fistula...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Dimitrios Dardamanis, Julie Navez, Laurent Coubeau, Benoit Navez
AIMS: To compare the perioperative parameters and excess weight loss between patients operated by laporoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), as a primary operation or a revisional, for insufficient weight loss after vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) or adjustable gastric banding (AGB). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent a LRYGB was performed for the period 2004-2011. Demographics, preoperative body mass index (BMI), co-morbidities, operation time, conversion rate, perioperative complications, hospitalization period, and % of excess BMI loss (%EBMIL) were investigated and compared between groups...
March 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Salman AlSabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Saud Al-Subaie, Shehab Ekrouf, Khaled Alenezi, Ahmad Almulla, Mohannad Alhaddad
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure as of 2015. However, inadequate weight loss may present the need for revisional procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of single-anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB) in attaining successful weight loss following an initial LSG. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who underwent LSG at Amiri Hospital, Kuwait from 2008 to 2017...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Amador García Ruiz de Gordejuela, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Manoel Galvao Neto, Mario Nora, Antonio J Torres García, Andrés Sánchez Pernaute, Jordi Pujol Gebelli
INTRODUCTION: Live surgery is a topic of interest at every meeting or course in the field of surgery. The potential of laparoscopy for live broadcasting makes it an excellent tool in continuing medical education. Surgeons who participate in live surgeries are usually experienced, but several conditions may influence the results and safety of a procedure. OBJECTIVES: To analyze safety and outcomes in a series of patients who underwent surgery in the last 10 years in a live surgery course at our institution...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Andrew J Beamish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sandhya B Kumar, Barbara C Hamilton, Stephanie G Wood, Stanley J Rogers, Jonathan T Carter, Matthew Y Lin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular due to its technical ease and excellent short-term results. Understanding the risk profile of LSG compared with the gold standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is critical for patient selection. OBJECTIVES: To use traditional regression techniques and random forest classification algorithms to compare LSG with LRYGB using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Data Registry...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, José Luis Muñoz, Pablo Royo, Manuel Duran, Elisabeth Redondo, Jose Manuel Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: The essence of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs is the multimodal approach, and many authors have demonstrated safety and feasibility in fast track bariatric surgery. According to this concept, a multidisciplinary ERAS program for bariatric surgery has been developed by the Spanish Fast Track Group (ERAS Spain). The aim of this study was to analyze the initial implementation of this Spanish National ERAS protocol in bariatric surgery, comparing it with a historical cohort receiving standard care...
March 8, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
Laurent Bailly, Luigi Schiavo, Lionel Sebastianelli, Roxane Fabre, Christian Pradier, Antonio Iannelli
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery (BS) has grown exponentially in France, and long-term anemia due to micronutrient deficiencies has become common. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the long-term risk of anemia after BS and to investigate the factors associated with the occurrence of this complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the French National Health Service database on patients who had undergone gastric bypass (GB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), or adjustable gastric banding (AGB), between 2008 and 2016 were extracted...
March 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Andrew T Strong, Gautam Sharma, Chao Tu, Ali Aminian, James B Young, John Rodriguez, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Weight loss following bariatric surgery can improve cardiac function among patients with heart failure (HF). However, perioperative morbidity of bariatric surgery has not been evaluated in patients with HF. STUDY DESIGN: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for 2006-2014 was queried to identify patients undergoing adjustable gastric band, gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and biliopancreatic diversion-duodenal switch. Patients with HF were propensity matched to a control group without HF (1:5)...
March 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Christopher R Daigle, Stacy A Brethauer, Chao Tu, Anthony T Petrick, John M Morton, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: National quality programs have been implemented to decrease the burden of adverse events on key outcomes in bariatric surgery. However, it is not well understood which complications have the most impact on patient health. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of specific bariatric surgery complications on key clinical outcomes. SETTING: The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Stuart K Amateau, Chin Hong Lim, Nicholas M McDonald, Mustafa Arain, Sayeed Ikramuddin, Daniel B Leslie
Traditionally, restoration of normal bowel continuity after resection and bypass of a diseased or obstructed gastrointestinal tract can only be achieved through surgery, which can be technically challenging and comes with a risk of adverse events. Here, we describe our institutions' experience with endoscopic-guided gastroenterostomy or enteroenterostomy with lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) from March 2015 to August 2016. Ten patients had gastrogastrostomy (gastric pouch to gastric remnant) and three patients had jejunogastrostomy (Roux limb to gastric remnant) for the reversal of Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Andrew T Strong, Gautam Sharma, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Chao Tu, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer, Derrick Cetin, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: Warfarin dosing after bariatric surgery may be influenced by alterations in gastrointestinal pH, transit time, absorptive surface area, gut microbiota, food intake, and adipose tissue. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe trends in warfarin dosing after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). SETTING: Single academic center. METHODS: All patients chronically on warfarin anticoagulation before RYGB or SG were retrospectively identified...
January 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
J Apers, R Wijkmans, E Totte, M Emous
BACKGROUND: Mini gastric bypass (MGB) is a promising and attractive alternative bariatric procedure. In 2011, we introduced MGB in our high-volume bariatric unit. Subsequently, we evaluated short- and midterm results of this procedure. METHODS: A prospective cohort of patients who underwent MGB between 2012 and 2013 was retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2013, primary MGB was performed in 287 patients with a mean BMI of 42 kg/m2 (range 32-76 kg/m2 )...
February 28, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Ian A Thomas, Jeffrey J Gaynor, Tameka Joseph, Nestor De La Cruz-Munoz, Junichiro Sageshima, Warren Kupin, Linda J Chen, Gaetano Ciancio, George W Burke, Adela D Mattiazzi, David Roth, Giselle Guerra
Body mass index(BMI)>35-40kg/m2 is often a contraindication, while Roux-en-Y gastric bypass(RYGB) is performed to enable kidney transplantation. This single-center retrospective study evaluated pre- and post-transplant outcomes of 31 morbidly obese end-stage-renal-disease patients having RYGB before kidney transplantation between July,2009-June,2014. Fourteen RYGB patients were subsequently transplanted. Nineteen recipients not having GB with a BMI>36kg/m2 at transplantation were used as historical controls...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
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