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Forensic nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300235/forensic-nursing-state-of-the-science-research-and-practice-opportunities
#1
Stacy A Drake, Cathy Koetting, Kathi Thimsen, Nancy Downing, Carolyn Porta, Peggy Hardy, Julie L Valentine, Cris Finn, Joan Engebretson
INTRODUCTION: The International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) is the only nursing organization advancing the forensic nursing specialty. The organization seeks to advance the profession, and one mechanism for doing so is development of a research agenda. METHODS: The purpose of this action-based research study was to aid in the development of a forensic nursing research agenda. The study was carried out in two integral stages: (a) focus groups with IAFN members attending the annual conference and (b) reviewing posted IAFN member listserv material...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206963/occupational-exposure-to-alcohol-based-hand-sanitizers-the-diagnostic-role-of-alcohol-biomarkers-in-hair
#2
A Salomone, A Bozzo, D Di Corcia, E Gerace, M Vincenti
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair are effective direct biomarkers of ethanol ingestion, whose analytical determination can be used to discriminate between chronic and occasional ethanol intake. Ethanol is a compound widely used in some workplaces (e.g., clinics, hospitals) and is present in considerable amounts in mouthwash for oral cleaning, medications, cosmetic products, hydro-alcoholic disinfectants and antiseptics for hands. This study examined the ethyl alcohol exposure derived from hand disinfectants (in gel form) by simulating the typical occupational situation of medical-health workers (healthcare workers, nurses, surgeons, etc...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#3
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198380/the-priority-of-administering-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-in-cases-of-sexual-assault-in-an-emergency-department
#4
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
INTRODUCTION: Contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a genuine concern for sexually assaulted patients. Emergency departments are a place where sexually assaulted patients seek care, including treatment to prevent HIV. Prompt administration of nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis is essential because of the time-sensitive nature of the medications. Quality improvement measures at an urban hospital revealed delays in administration of postexposure prophylaxis to these patients...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191247/the-implication-of-the-shortage-of-health-workforce-specialist-on-universal-health-coverage-in-kenya
#5
Mumbo Hazel Miseda, Samuel Odhiambo Were, Cirindi Anne Murianki, Milo Peter Mutuku, Stephen N Mutwiwa
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an acute shortage of human resources for health (HRH), and the greatest burden is borne by low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa and some parts of Asia. This shortage has not only considerably constrained the achievement of health-related development goals but also impeded accelerated progress towards universal health coverage (UHC). Like any other low-income country, Kenya is experiencing health workforce shortage particularly in specialized healthcare workers to cater for the rapidly growing need for specialized health care (MOH Training Needs Assessment report (2015))...
December 1, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176521/reflections-on-forensic-nursing-an-interview-with-virginia-a-lynch
#6
Kathleen Maguire, Marisa Raso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176520/baccalaureate-nursing-students-perceptions-regarding-autopsy-experiences
#7
Emily J Cannon, Renee N Bauer
PURPOSE: Since 2012, a medical-surgical nursing course at a midsized state university has provided the opportunity for students to view autopsies with a board-certified forensic pathologist. The autopsies are performed at a midsized hospital relatively close to the campus. The purpose of this study was to discover nursing students' perceptions that emerged during the autopsy experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of 23 baccalaureate nursing students took part in the autopsy experience over a 4-month period...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176518/lessons-learned-from-icare-a-postexamination-text-messaging-based-program-with-sexual-assault-patients
#8
Danielle L Hicks, Debra Patterson, Stella Resko
BACKGROUND: Although beneficial, few sexual assault patients seek follow-up healthcare or counseling after a medical forensic examination. Mobile technology interventions may help patients engage in postcare, but there is a dearth of research on patients' utilization of these interventions. The current study examines patients' engagement with a 4-week postassault text message program (iCare), which assessed patients' safety and well-being, if they needed assistance with accessing nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis, or scheduling appointments for follow-up pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection testing, and their experience with the criminal justice system...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176516/journal-of-forensic-nursing-2016-articles-of-the-year
#9
Cindy Peternelj-Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145187/diogenes-syndrome
#10
Frédéric Assal
Diogenes syndrome (DS) is not a specific disease but a real neurobehavioral syndrome, characterized by severe domestic squalor, pathological hoarding, lack of insight into the condition, and no need for help. DS can be secondary when associated to psychosis or bipolar disorder, or primary when it occurs as a single entity, usually in the elderly. DS is a clinically complex transnosographic syndrome for which multidimensional approaches need to be considered: medical, psychiatric, neurological, social, scientific, and ethical...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143430/power-discourse-and-resistance-poststructuralist-influences-in-nursing
#11
Dave Holmes, Marilou Gagnon
Based on our respective research programs (psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, public health, HIV/AIDS, harm reduction) this article aims to use purposely non-conventional means to present the substantial contribution of poststructuralist perspectives to knowledge development in nursing science in general and in our current research in particular. More specifically, we call on the work of Michel Foucault and Deleuze & Guattari to politicize nursing science using examples from our empirical research programs with marginal and often highly marginalized populations...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112030/nurses-views-highlight-a-need-for-the-systematic-development-of-patient-safety-culture-in-forensic-psychiatry-nursing
#12
Anssi Kuosmanen, Jari Tiihonen, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Markku Eronen, Hannele Turunen
BACKGROUND: Although forensic nurses work with the most challenging psychiatric patients and manifest a safety culture in their interactions with patients, there have been few studies on patient safety culture in forensic psychiatric nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative study was to describe nurses' views of patient safety culture in their working unit and daily hospital work in 2 forensic hospitals in Finland. METHODS: Data were collected over a period of 1 month by inviting nurses to answer an open-ended question in an anonymous Web-based questionnaire...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064860/global-voyeurism-or-sustainable-ethical-practice
#13
Cris Finn, Mary Jo Coast
This is a conceptual article exploring global voyeurism and service, overlaying ethical considerations in service within the profession of forensic nursing. Key elements considered include examining and reflecting on personal motivations, benefits, and consequences of service when viewed through an ethical perspective. Through this article we seek to examine the relationships between poverty tourism and service, while better supporting individual forensic nurses in their quest to align their actions with the ethical and practice comportment standards within the profession of nursing service globally...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064859/increasing-the-accessibility-of-sexual-assault-forensic-examinations-evaluation-of-texas-law-sb-1191
#14
Robert C Davis, Bernard Auchter, Susan Howley, Torie Camp, Ilse Knecht, William Wells
INTRODUCTION: Texas SB 1191 was enacted in 2013 with the intent of increasing access to medical forensic examinations for sexual assault victims by requiring every hospital with an emergency department to be prepared to provide a medical forensic examination if requested by a sexual assault victim. To realize that goal, the law also required basic forensic training for medical professionals before conducting a medical forensic examination as well as a requirement that hospitals develop a "plan to train personnel on sexual assault forensic evidence collection...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050837/forensic-patients-in-the-emergency-department-who-are-they-and-how-should-we-care-for-them
#15
Celia J Filmalter, T Heyns, R Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Patients who suffer violent, crime related injuries are likely to seek medical assistance in emergency departments. Forensic patients may not disclose the cause of their injuries leading to the impairment of evidence. We explored healthcare providers' perceptions of forensic patients and how they should be cared for. METHOD: The perceptions of physicians and nurses regarding the profiles and care of forensic patients were explored in three urban emergency departments...
October 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048767/risk-assessment-and-subsequent-nursing-interventions-in-a-forensic-mental-health-inpatient-setting-associations-and-impact-on-aggressive-behaviour
#16
Tessa Maguire, Michael Daffern, Steven J Bowe, Brian McKenna
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between risk of aggression and nursing interventions designed to prevent aggression. BACKGROUND: There is scarce empirical research exploring the nature and effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent inpatient aggression. Some strategies may be effective when patients are escalating, whereas others may be effective when aggression is imminent. Research examining level of risk for aggression and selection and effectiveness of interventions and impact on aggression is necessary...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024462/attitudes-to-personality-disorder-of-staff-working-in-high-security-and-medium-security-hospitals
#17
R Beryl, B Völlm
The discourse surrounding personality disorder is largely negative, and the diagnosis is considered to be associated with a degree of stigma. This study aimed to investigate staff attitudes towards personality disorder in high-security and medium-security forensic-psychiatric hospitals in the UK. The Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 132 participants who were all current employees with clinical roles. Staff attitudes to personality disorder in the current study were significantly less positive than in comparable studies in similar settings...
October 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960740/predicting-aggressive-behaviour-in-acute-forensic-mental-health-units-a-re-examination-of-the-dynamic-appraisal-of-situational-aggression-s-predictive-validity
#18
Tessa Maguire, Michael Daffern, Steven J Bowe, Brian McKenna
In the present study, we explored the predictive validity of the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression (DASA) assessment tool in male (n = 30) and female (n = 30) patients admitted to the acute units of a forensic mental health hospital. We also tested the psychometric properties of the original DASA bands and novel risk bands. The first 60 days of each patient's file was reviewed to identify daily DASA scores and subsequent risk-related nursing interventions and aggressive behaviour within the following 24 hours...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910231/professionals-attitude-toward-reporting-child-sexual-abuse-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Dalia M Al-Saif, Majid Al-Eissa, Hassan Saleheen, Huda Al-Mutlaq, Mark D Everson, Maha A Almuneef
Child sexual abuse (CSA) requires specialized knowledge and training that includes forensic interview skills. The aim of this study was to determine variations in professionals' attitudes toward CSA by measuring three aspects of forensic attitudes (sensitivity, specificity, and skepticism) and evaluating disagreements concerning the assessment of CSA cases in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional, web-based study, in which the Child Forensic Attitude Scale was used to measure professionals' attitudes, was conducted...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871846/traits-of-vulnerability-in-repetitive-sexual-assaults-of-mentally-disabled-people
#20
Elmas Shaqiri, Granit Shahu, Bledar Xhemali, Gentian Vyshka
The issue of sexual abuse, assault, rape and unwanted pregnancies among mentally disabled women is largely under-reported for many reasons. Several myths prevail including that mentally disabled women offer little interest to sexual predators, together with a negative public attitude and this contributes to the problem. We report the case of a single centre in Albania, where repetitive sexual assaults were perpetrated against three mentally disabled women. Three unwanted pregnancies followed. The issue gained public attention after three criminal abortions were performed secretly with the aim of covering up the story...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
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