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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781972/human-trafficking-how-nurses-can-make-a-difference
#1
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
Human trafficking is a human rights violation and a global health problem. Victims of human trafficking have medical and mental health sequelae requiring specific healthcare interventions. Healthcare professionals may be the initial contact that these victims make outside the world of trafficking. Healthcare professionals are key agents in the identification of human trafficking, which is essential in eliminating this public health problem. Unfortunately, healthcare professionals are not always able to detect signs of human trafficking...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781971/sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-forensic-examinations-for-immigrant-victims-a-case-study
#2
Amanda Payne
This case study examines how sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) in the United States are in a unique position to provide valuable medical forensic documentation for immigrant victims. In addition to providing evidence to solve crimes domestically, SANEs may help victims of persecution and human rights violations receive legally protected immigration status. Incorporating The Istanbul Protocol into practice provides SANEs with a tool to advocate for and protect the rights of immigrant victims both domestically and abroad...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#3
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#4
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#5
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781966/health-outcomes-of-youth-in-the-united-states-exposed-to-parental-incarceration-an-integrative-review
#6
Samantha J Boch, Jodi L Ford
In the United States, parental incarceration (PI) has been increasingly recognized as an understudied adverse childhood experience. In response, a rapidly expanding body of research has begun to investigate the effects of PI on youth mental and physical health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize recent quantitative evidence investigating the effects of PI on youths' mental and physical health outcomes. DESIGN AND MEASURES: Electronic strategies were used to find relevant quantitative articles published between September 2006 and 2016 using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781965/social-justice-and-forensic-nursing
#7
Alison M Colbert, Sr Rosemary Donley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775169/outcry-consistency-and-prosecutorial-decisions-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#8
Tammy E Bracewell
This study examines the correlation between the consistency in a child's sexual abuse outcry and the prosecutorial decision to accept or reject cases of child sexual abuse. Case-specific information was obtained from one Texas Children's Advocacy Center on all cases from 2010 to 2013. After the needed deletion, the total number of cases included in the analysis was 309. An outcry was defined as a sexual abuse disclosure. Consistency was measured at both the forensic interview and the sexual assault exam. Logistic regression was used to evaluate whether a correlation existed between disclosure and prosecutorial decisions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697523/stigmatization-of-overweight-and-obese-women-during-forensic-examinations
#9
Karis M Davis, L Kathleen Sekula
Stigma and discrimination toward overweight and obese people pose consequences to their psychological and physical health. In the United States, overweight and obesity and affects over 34% of the population. This frequently ignored public health issue often sees overweight and obese individuals blamed for their weight, thereby justifying the bias. During a post-sexual-assault examination, sexual assault nurse examiners and other forensic examiners must be cognizant of the specific issues and challenges related to the care of these victims...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#10
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697520/-a-drop-in-the-ocean-a-reflection-on-the-application-of-cognitive-analytic-therapy-within-a-prison-setting
#11
Louise Roper
This article reflects on the application of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) with prisoners referred to a mental health in-reach team within a U.K. prison based on the author's experience as a clinical psychologist. The extent of mental health problems in the prison population and the provision of mental health services within prisons are summarized to highlight the extent of mental health need within this setting. The central concepts and tools of CAT that provided the framework within which this author's work was undertaken within the prison are detailed, namely, reciprocal roles and reciprocal role procedures...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665608/-level-of-development-of-clinical-ethics-consultation-in-psychiatry-results-of-a-survey-among-psychiatric-acute-clinics-and-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals
#12
Jakov Gather, Sarah Kaufmann, Ina Otte, Georg Juckel, Jan Schildmann, Jochen Vollmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the level of development of clinical ethics consultation in psychiatric institutions in North Rhine-Westphalia. METHODS: Survey among medical directors, directors of nursing and administrative directors of all psychiatric acute clinics and forensic psychiatric hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia. RESULTS: 113 persons working in psychiatric acute clinics responded (reponse rate: 48 %) and 13 persons working in forensic psychiatric hospitals (response rate 54 %)...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601414/feeling-safe-and-taking-on-responsibilities-newly-graduated-nurses-perceptions-and-evaluations-of-their-transition-into-a-forensic-mental-health-inpatient-setting
#13
Tanja Sørensen, Ellen B Tingleff, Frederik A Gildberg
Forensic mental health care is faced with serious problems in the recruitment and retention of newly graduated nurses (NGNs). Research into NGNs' experiences of their transition to and evaluations of transition programs in forensic care is sparse, and more studies are called for. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of NGNs' experiences and perceptions of their transition into a forensic setting and their evaluations of the introduction period. Three focus group interviews were carried out, involving 13 NGNs, lasting 79...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521451/fear-and-blame-in-mental-health-nurses-accounts-of-restrictive-practices-implications-for-the-elimination-of-seclusion-and-restraint
#14
Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Candice Oster
Restrictive practices continue to be used in mental health care despite increasing recognition of their harms and an international effort to reduce and ultimately eliminate their use. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore mental health nurses' views of the potential elimination of these practices. Nine focus groups were conducted with 44 mental health nurses across Australia, and the data analysed using thematic analysis. Overall, the nurses expressed significant fear about the potential elimination of restrictive practices and saw themselves as being blamed for both the use of these practices and the consequences should they be eliminated...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461383/evaluating-nurse-practitioners-perceived-knowledge-competence-and-comfort-level-in-caring-for-the-sexually-abused-child
#15
Janice Ceccucci
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to evaluate nurse practitioners' (NPs') current approach and self-reported competence in the care of the sexually abused child in the primary care setting. METHODS: A 50-question survey was distributed to 5,734 NPs who were members of a state nursing organization and nursing alumni. Inclusion criteria included NPs caring for pediatric patients in a primary care setting in New York State. RESULTS: A total of N = 325 responses were obtained, and 110 participants met the inclusion criteria...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461379/understanding-poverty-teaching-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education
#16
Ann N Hellman, Cary Cass, Heather Cathey, Sarah L Smith, Shelia Hurley
AIM: This article presents results of an exploratory qualitative study examining gains in empathy and social justice beliefs among undergraduate nursing students. BACKGROUND: As undergraduate nursing education provides the foundation for future forensic nurses, developing successful methods to increase beliefs and behaviors of social empathy and social justice among nursing students will have a beneficial effect on the specialty of forensic nursing. As such, a team of nursing researchers explored the effects of a poverty simulation on the social empathy and social justice beliefs held by undergraduate students...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300235/forensic-nursing-state-of-the-science-research-and-practice-opportunities
#17
Stacy A Drake, Cathy Koetting, Kathi Thimsen, Nancy Downing, Carolyn Porta, Peggy Hardy, Julie L Valentine, Cris Finn, Joan Engebretson
INTRODUCTION: The International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) is the only nursing organization advancing the forensic nursing specialty. The organization seeks to advance the profession, and one mechanism for doing so is development of a research agenda. METHODS: The purpose of this action-based research study was to aid in the development of a forensic nursing research agenda. The study was carried out in two integral stages: (a) focus groups with IAFN members attending the annual conference and (b) reviewing posted IAFN member listserv material...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206963/occupational-exposure-to-alcohol-based-hand-sanitizers-the-diagnostic-role-of-alcohol-biomarkers-in-hair
#18
A Salomone, A Bozzo, D Di Corcia, E Gerace, M Vincenti
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in hair are effective direct biomarkers of ethanol ingestion, whose analytical determination can be used to discriminate between chronic and occasional ethanol intake. Ethanol is a compound widely used in some workplaces (e.g., clinics, hospitals) and is present in considerable amounts in mouthwash for oral cleaning, medications, cosmetic products, hydro-alcoholic disinfectants and antiseptics for hands. This study examined the ethyl alcohol exposure derived from hand disinfectants (in gel form) by simulating the typical occupational situation of medical-health workers (healthcare workers, nurses, surgeons, etc...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206080/understanding-forensic-psychiatry-in-healthcare-practices-and-collaboration-between-legal-nurse-consultants-and-physicians
#19
Daphne K Sharpe, Jasmine K Hall, Sochima Ochije, Rahn K Bailey
In 2000, the Institute of Medicine stunned many professionals with their published report that noted the vast number of deaths that occur each year in hospitals across the United States which reach as many as 98,000. Therefore, it comes as no surprise that the healthcare arena faces litigious issues regularly, with some specialties budgets being significantly impacted by the cost of maintaining liability insurance. Legal Nurse Consultants and forensic physicians working in tandem but who work independently from treating clinicians can carry out forensic independent medical examinations (IME)...
March 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198380/the-priority-of-administering-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-in-cases-of-sexual-assault-in-an-emergency-department
#20
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
INTRODUCTION: Contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a genuine concern for sexually assaulted patients. Emergency departments are a place where sexually assaulted patients seek care, including treatment to prevent HIV. Prompt administration of nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis is essential because of the time-sensitive nature of the medications. Quality improvement measures at an urban hospital revealed delays in administration of postexposure prophylaxis to these patients...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
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