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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772956/lumbar-muscle-structure-predicts-operational-postures-in-active-duty-marines
#1
David B Berry, Bahar Shahidi, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, Jan M Hughes-Austin, Karen R Kelly, Samuel R Ward
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background The relationship between lumbar spine posture and muscle structure is not well understood. Objectives Investigate the predictive capacity of muscle structure on lumbar spine posture in active duty Marines. Methods Fouty-three Marines were scanned using an upright magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner while standing unloaded and standing, sitting, and prone on elbows with body armor. Cobb, horizontal, and sacral angles were measured. Marines were then scanned unloaded in supine using a supine MRI scanner...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747803/insufficient-evidence-within-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-powered-toothbrushes-over-manual-toothbrushes-for-soft-tissue-health-during-orthodontic-treatment
#2
Terri Tilliss, Clifton M Carey
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Short-term and long-term effectiveness of powered toothbrushes in promoting periodontal health during orthodontic treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Al Makhmari SA, Kaklamanos EG, Athanasiou AE. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017;152(6):753-66.e7. SOURCE OF FUNDING: None identified TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis.
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747795/orthodontic-canine-substitution-for-the-management-of-missing-maxillary-lateral-incisors-may-have-superior-periodontal-and-esthetic-outcomes-compared-to-an-implant-or-tooth-supported-prosthesis
#3
Thikriat S Al-Jewair, Brittany Swiderski
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Prosthetic replacement vs space closure for maxillary lateral incisor agenesis: A systematic review. Silveira GS, Almeida NV, Pereira DMT, Mattos CT, Mucha JN. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016; 150(2):228-37. SOURCE OF FUNDING: None listed TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review.
June 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747540/anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-to-enhance-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-triple-blind-randomized-control-trial
#4
Amélie Fournier Belley, Catherine Mercier, Maude Bastien, Guillaume Léonard, Nathaly Gaudreault, Jean-Sébastien Roy
Study Design Triple-blind parallel-group randomized control trial. Background Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) has been shown to enhance the effects of sensorimotor training in neurological populations. For treatment of rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy, sensorimotor training leads to reduce pain and increase function. Addition of a-tDCS during a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training could improve treatment outcome. Objective To compare a group receiving a rehabilitation program centered on sensorimotor training with a-tDCS to a group receiving the same rehabilitation program with sham a-tDCS in individuals with RC tendinopathy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747539/illness-perceptions-association-and-prognosis-with-pain-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-non-cancer-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Edwin J de Raaij, Raymond W Ostelo, Francois Maissan, Jurgen Mollema, Harriët Wittink
Study Design Systematic review. Background In the literature, Illness Perceptions (IPs) have been reported to be important psychological factors associated with pain intensity and physical function in musculoskeletal pain (MP). Objective To assess the relationship of IPs with pain intensity and physical function in patients with MP. Methods Relevant databases including PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched up to December 2017. Two authors (EdR, HW) independently performed the procedures according to the PRISMA and AMSTAR guidelines, including the Risk of Bias assessment, using the QUIPS tool...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739304/soccer-injury-movement-screen-sims-composite-score-is-not-associated-with-injury-among-semi-professional-soccer-players
#6
Robert McCunn, Karen Aus der Fünten, Matthew Whalan, John A Sampson, Tim Meyer
Study Design Prospective cohort. Background The association between movement quality and injury is equivocal. No soccer-specific movement assessment has been prospectively investigated in relation to injury risk. Objectives To investigate the association between a soccer-specific movement quality assessment and injury risk among semi-professional soccer players. Methods Semi-professional soccer players (n=306) from 12 clubs completed the Soccer Injury Movement Screen (SIMS) during the pre-season period. Individual training/match exposure and non-contact time loss injuries were recorded prospectively for the entirety of the 2016 season...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739303/the-utilization-of-formal-physical-therapy-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#7
Eric R Wagner, Muriel J Solberg, Laurence D Higgins
Study Design Epidemiological retrospective database study. Background It is widely believed that structured rehabilitation programs by professional therapists help guide patients through the various recovery periods after shoulder arthroplasty, speeding up their recovery and improving their final functional gains. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies providing information about the current state of physical rehabilitation use after shoulder arthroplasty. Objectives Describe the variation in physical rehabilitation utilization after total and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and identify differences in utilization based on type of insurance (private versus public), gender, age, region of the country, and type of replacement...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739302/risk-for-lower-extremity-injury-after-concussion-a-matched-cohort-study-in-soldiers
#8
Joseph R Kardouni, Tracie L Shing, Craig J McKinnon, Dennis E Scofield, Susan P Proctor
Study Design Matched cohort study. Background Rates of lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury are reportedly higher in professional and collegiate athletes following concussions. However, there is a paucity of evidence on this relationship outside of high level athletes. Objectives Examine the risk of acute LE musculoskeletal injury in Soldiers within 2 years of an incident concussion compared to matched non-concussed Soldiers. Methods This study used the medical encounter and personnel data of active duty U...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739301/sub-elite-football-players-with-hip-related-groin-pain-and-positive-flexion-adduction-internal-rotation-test-exhibit-distinct-biomechanical-differences-compared-with-the-asymptomatic-side
#9
Matthew G King, Adam I Semciw, Harvi F Hart, Anthony G Schache, Kane J Middleton, Josh J Heerey, Rintje Agricola, Kay M Crossley
Study Design Observational cross-sectional study. Background Hip-related groin pain is common in sub-elite football players and may be associated with altered hip biomechanics. Objectives To compare the hip biomechanics, bony hip morphology associated with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome, and hip strength and range of motion between the symptomatic and asymptomatic limb of sub-elite football players with unilateral hip-related groin pain and a positive flexion adduction internal rotation test. Methods Fifteen sub-elite football (soccer) players with unilateral hip-related groin pain and a positive flexion adduction internal rotation test were recruited...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739300/does-a-diagnostic-classification-algorithm-help-to-predict-the-course-of-low-back-pain-a-study-of-danish-chiropractic-patients-with-one-year-follow-up
#10
Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Werner Vach, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design A prospective observational study. Background A diagnostic classification algorithm was developed by Petersen et al., consisting of 12 categories based on a standardized examination protocol with the primary purpose of identifying clinically homogeneous subgroups of low back pain (LBP). Objectives To investigate if a diagnostic classification algorithm is associated with activity limitation and LBP intensity at 2-week and 3-month follow up, and 1-year trajectories of LBP intensity, and if it improves prediction of outcome when added to a set of known predictors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712549/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018-using-the-evidence-to-guide-physical-therapist-practice
#11
(no author information available yet)
Midportion Achilles tendinopathy is a relatively common, overuse, lower extremity soft tissue injury for individuals who are active and participate in sports. The clinical practice guideline published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT, titled "Achilles Pain, Stiffness, and Muscle Power Deficits: Midportion Achilles Tendinopathy Revision 2018," can help physical therapists engage in evidence-informed practice and reduce unnecessary clinical variation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):425-426. doi:10...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712548/optimizing-recovery-after-achilles-tendon-pain-guidelines-help-deliver-quality-care
#12
(no author information available yet)
Achilles tendinopathy can temporarily stop many active people, and particularly those who participate in sports. Pain in the Achilles tendon often occurs in the middle of this fibrous tissue that connects the muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone. Physical therapists can help ensure that patients with Achilles tendinopathy receive the best quality care to optimize their recovery. Guidelines published in the May 2018 issue of JOSPT recommend best practices from the published literature for evaluating, diagnosing, and treating Achilles tendon pain...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712547/physical-therapists-role-in-solving-the-opioid-epidemic
#13
Paul E Mintken, Jeff R Moore, Timothy W Flynn
An estimated 116 million Americans suffer from chronic pain, at a cost of over $600 billion per year, or roughly $2000 per person per year. In this Viewpoint, the authors highlight the challenges of the current opioid epidemic and outline strategies that the physical therapy profession may adopt to be part of the solution. These strategies include facilitating and providing patient education, early access to physical therapy services, and the promotion of health, wellness, and prevention. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):349-353...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712546/can-we-reduce-the-epidemic-of-elbow-injuries-in-youth-throwers
#14
Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad
As participation in youth sports continues to increase across the nation, more adolescents are participating in Little League baseball in the United States than ever before. Accompanying this increased participation is an epidemic of upper extremity injuries in young throwers. In this Viewpoint, the authors discuss the impetus behind the youth thrower elbow injury epidemic and how to best evaluate these patients. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):354-357. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.0607.
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712545/myositis-ossificans-delayed-complication-of-severe-muscle-contusion
#15
Giacomo Rossettini, Diego Ristori, Marco Testa
A 39-year-old male nonprofessional cyclist presented to physical therapy reporting deep, stabbing, anterolateral left thigh pain. Clinical findings led the physical therapist to request radiographs, which revealed myositis ossificans in the left thigh. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):420. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.7567.
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712544/may-2018-letters-to-the-editor-in-chief
#16
(no author information available yet)
Letters to the Editor-in-Chief of JOSPT as follows: "Regarding 'Unraveling the Mechanisms of Manual Therapy'" with Authors' Response "The Use of a Broad or Narrow Definition of Injury in Dance Surveillance" with Authors' Response J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):421-424. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.0201.
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712543/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018
#17
Robroy L Martin, Ruth Chimenti, Tyler Cuddeford, Jeff Houck, J W Matheson, Christine M McDonough, Stephen Paulseth, Dane K Wukich, Christopher R Carcia
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to midportion Achilles tendinopathy...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712542/2017-jospt-award-recipients
#18
Guy G Simoneau
During the American Physical Therapy Association's Combined Sections Meeting in New Orleans, LA in February 2018, JOSPT recognized the authors of the most outstanding research and clinical practice manuscripts published in JOSPT during 2017. The 2017 George J. Davies-James A. Gould Excellence in Clinical Inquiry Award was presented to Noa Ben-Ami, PT, PhD; Gabriel Chodick, MHA, PhD; Yigal Mirovsky, MD; Tamar Pincus, MPhil, MSc, PhD; and Yair Shapiro, MD, PhD, for their February 2017 article "Increasing Recreational Physical Activity in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pragmatic Controlled Clinical Trial...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712541/refractory-ulnar-nerve-symptoms-in-an-adolescent-pitcher-with-medial-apophysitis
#19
Aaron R Hellem, Elena J Jelsing, Wendy J Hurd
A 16-year-old high school baseball pitcher with a 3-week history of acute-onset pain in his medial elbow during throwing presented to physical therapy. Following examination, physical therapy was initiated and the patient was referred for imaging, with suspicion of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. Radiographs were noncontributory. Ultrasound imaging, however, was performed by a physiatrist and was suggestive of a partial-thickness tear of the UCL and ulnar nerve enlargement. The physiatrist ordered magnetic resonance imaging, which confirmed a medial apophyseal stress reaction, a mild UCL sprain, and reactive ulnar nerve edema...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703124/diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-self-report-measure-of-patellar-tendinopathy-in-youth-basketball
#20
Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, J Preston Wiley, Richard E A Walker, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Prospective diagnostic accuracy validation study. Background Engaging clinicians for diagnosis of patellar tendinopathy in large surveillance studies is often impracticable. A self-report measure, the Oslo Sports Research Trauma Centre patellar tendinopathy (OSTRC-P) Questionnaire, an adaptation of the OSTRC Questionnaire may provide a viable alternative. Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the OSTRC-P Questionnaire in detecting patellar tendinopathy in youth basketball players when compared to clinical evaluation...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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