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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150313/safety-practices-perceptions-and-behaviors-in-radiation-oncology-a-national-survey-of-radiation-therapists
#1
Kristina Demas Woodhouse, David Hashemi, Kathryn Betcher, Abigail Doucette, Allison Weaver, Brian Monzon, Seth A Rosenthal, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is complex and demands high vigilance and precise coordination. Radiation therapists (RTTs) directly deliver radiation and are often the first to discover an error. Yet, few studies have examined the practices of RTTs regarding patient safety. We conducted a national survey to explore the perspectives of RTTs related to quality and safety. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, an electronic survey was sent to a random sample of 1500 RTTs in the United States...
June 15, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149579/doing-for-the-greater-good-what-price-in-academe
#2
Suniya S Luthar
In discussing how merit is commonly judged in academia, my focus in this article is not on dimensions that are currently considered but on those that warrant more attention. Grounded in suggestions offered by Sternberg, I argue here for increased recognition of faculty's commitment to intrinsic values-focused on community and relationships-and not just extrinsic ones that connote personal fame or status. I first summarize evidence of disillusionment among today's promising young scholars and then provide exemplars of role models who have, in fact, maintained high standards in both intrinsic and extrinsic domains...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148146/factors-influencing-nurse-assessed-quality-nursing-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hospitals
#3
Ying Liu, Yupin Aungsuroch
AIM: To propose a hypothesized theoretical model and apply it to examine the structural relationships among work environment, patient-to-nurse ratio, job satisfaction, burnout, intention to leave and quality nursing care. BACKGROUND: Improving quality nursing care is a first consideration in nursing management globally. A better understanding of factors influencing quality nursing care can help hospital administrators implement effective programs to improve quality of services...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148125/understanding-the-factors-which-promote-registered-nurses-intent-to-stay-in-critical-care-and-emergency-areas
#4
Mary Van Osch, Kathy Scarborough, Sarah Crowe, Angela C Wolff, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham
BACKGROUND: Turnover among registered nurses (herein referred to as nurses) working in specialty areas of practice can result in a range of negative outcomes. The retention of specialty nurses at the unit level has important implications for hospital and health systems. These implications include lost knowledge and experience which may in turn impact staff performance levels, patient outcomes, hiring, orientating, development of clinical competence and other aspects of organizational performance...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147565/operating-room-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#5
Ahmad M Mansour, Rola Hamam
Objectives: The operating room is a place of surgical intervention with its accompanying bodily and cognitive strain on the performers. Stress in the operating room may lead to the onset of central serous chorioretinopathy as reported hereby in a retina surgeon and is labeled as operating room central serous chorioretinopathy. Methods: The same operator performed the optical coherence tomography scans on one retina surgeon. A masked observer estimated the maximal height of the subretinal fluid...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145938/teacher-factors-contributing-to-dosage-of-the-kiva-anti-bullying-program
#6
Lauren E Swift, Julie A Hubbard, Megan K Bookhout, Stevie N Grassetti, Marissa A Smith, Michael T Morrow
The KiVa Anti-Bullying Program (KiVa) seeks to meet the growing need for anti-bullying programming through a school-based, teacher-led intervention for elementary school children. The goals of this study were to examine how intervention dosage impacts outcomes of KiVa and how teacher factors influence dosage. Participants included 74 teachers and 1409 4th- and 5th-grade students in nine elementary schools. Teachers and students completed data collection at the beginning and end of the school year, including measures of bullying and victimization, correlates of victimization (depression, anxiety, peer rejection, withdrawal, and school avoidance), intervention cognitions/emotions (anti-bullying attitudes, and empathy toward victims), bystander behaviors, and teacher factors thought to relate to dosage (self-efficacy for teaching, professional burnout, perceived principal support, expected effectiveness of KiVa, perceived feasibility of KiVa)...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145854/burnout-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review-of-experiences-in-chinese-medical-schools
#7
Wang Michael Chunming, Reema Harrison, Raina MacIntyre, Joanna Travaglia, Chinthaka Balasooriya
BACKGROUND: To identify the: extent to which medical students in China experience burnout; factors contributing to this; potential solutions to reduce and prevent burnout in this group; and the extent to which the experiences of Chinese students reflect the international literature. METHODS: Systematic review and narrative synthesis. Key words, synonyms and subject headings were used to search five electronic databases in addition to manual searching of relevant journals...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145116/conversion-of-sweet-potato-waste-to-solid-fuel-via-hydrothermal-carbonization
#8
Xinfei Chen, Xiaoqian Ma, Xiaowei Peng, Yousheng Lin, Zhongliang Yao
Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of sweet potato waste was performed to investigate the effect of process parameters including reaction temperature (180-300 °C) and residence time (0-120 min) on the characteristics of hydrochars. The results showed that the increase of reaction temperature and residence time both decreased the yield of hydrochars. With the increase of reaction temperature and residence time, the carbon content of hydrochars increased, while the hydrogen and oxygen contents decreased. The lower H/C and O/C ratios indicated that dehydration and decarboxylation reactions occurred during HTC...
November 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#9
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141616/contextual-factors-and-clinical-reasoning-differences-in-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-reasoning-in-board-certified-versus-resident-physicians
#10
Elexis McBee, Temple Ratcliffe, Katherine Picho, Lambert Schuwirth, Anthony R Artino, Ana Monica Yepes-Rios, Jennifer Masel, Cees van der Vleuten, Steven J Durning
BACKGROUND: The impact of context on the complex process of clinical reasoning is not well understood. Using situated cognition as the theoretical framework and videos to provide the same contextual "stimulus" to all participants, we examined the relationship between specific contextual factors on diagnostic and therapeutic reasoning accuracy in board certified internists versus resident physicians. METHODS: Each participant viewed three videotaped clinical encounters portraying common diagnoses in internal medicine...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#11
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139312/burnout-and-depression-causal-attributions-and-construct-overlap
#12
Renzo Bianchi, Romain Brisson
Burnout has been commonly regarded as a job-induced syndrome. In this 468-participant study (67% female; mean age: 46.48), we examined the extent to which individuals with burnout and depressive symptoms attribute these symptoms to their job. Fewer than half (44%) of the individuals with burnout symptoms viewed their job as the main cause of these symptoms. The proportion of participants ascribing their depressive symptoms to work was similar (39%). Results from correlation and cluster analyses were indicative of burnout-depression overlap...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137586/burnout-and-the-learning-environment-of-anaesthetic-trainees
#13
D J Castanelli, S A Wickramaarachchi, S Wallis
Burnout has a high prevalence among healthcare workers and is increasingly recognised as an environmental problem rather than reflecting a personal inability to cope with work stress. We distributed an electronic survey, which included the Maslach Burnout Inventory Health Services Survey and a previously validated learning environment instrument, to 281 Victorian anaesthetic trainees. The response rate was 50%. We found significantly raised rates of burnout in two of three subscales. Ninety-one respondents (67%) displayed evidence of burnout in at least one domain, with 67 (49%) reporting high emotional exhaustion and 57 (42%) reporting high depersonalisation...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136047/-feminisation-does-it-make-a-difference
#14
H W van Essen, D D van Bergen, J I Stoker
In a digital orientating survey of gender differences among 156 male and 98 female dentists in the Netherlands, many similarities were found between the two groups. Men and women generally report that they are in good health, experience comparable levels of burnout (about 10%) and are equally satisfied with their choice of profession. To a large extent, they perceive the same aspects of their work as attractive, with 'patient care' as by far the most attractive feature. According to the dentists as well as 122 assistants and dental hygienists (who were also questioned in this survey), they have comparable leadership styles, while the dentists, on average, rate their leadership behaviour more highly than the assistants and dental hygienists do...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135836/psychosocial-work-hazards-self-rated-health-and-burnout-a-comparison-study-of-public-and-private-sector-employees
#15
Hsi-Chen Liu, Yawen Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To compare psychosocial work conditions and health status between public and private sector employees and to examine if psychosocial work conditions explained the health differences. METHODS: Two thousand four hundred fourty one public and 15,589 private sector employees participated in a cross-sectional survey. Psychosocial work hazards, self-rated health (SRH), and burnout status were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: As compared with private sector employees, public sector employees reported better psychosocial work conditions and better SRH, but higher risk of workplace violence (WPV) and higher levels of client-related burnout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135275/the-effects-of-playing-multiple-high-school-sports-on-national-basketball-association-players-propensity-for-injury-and-athletic-performance
#16
Caitlin Rugg, Adarsh Kadoor, Brian T Feeley, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: Athletes who specialize in their sport at an early age may be at risk for burnout, overuse injury, and reduced attainment of elite status. Timing of sport specialization has not been studied in elite basketball athletes. HYPOTHESIS: National Basketball Association (NBA) players who played multiple sports during adolescence would be less likely to experience injury and would have higher participation rates in terms of games played and career length compared with single-sport athletes...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134051/does-context-practice-or-competition-affect-female-athletes-achievement-goal-dominance-goal-pursuit-burnout-and-motivation
#17
Javier Fernández-Rio, Jose A Cecchini, Antonio Méndez-Giménez
The goal of this study was to assess the effects of two different achievement sport contexts, practice and competition, on the motivational profile of professional/semi-professional athletes. Forty-eight Spanish national/international-level female athletes (basketball = 18; handball = 12; soccer = 11; volleyball = 7), mean age 25.14 ± 3.43 years, agreed to participate in the study. They completed a questionnaire, prior and after training and competition, to assess achievement goals, achievement goal dominance, goal pursuit, motivational climate, motivation, burnout and perceived recovery-exertion...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133547/electronic-health-records-contributing-to-physician-burnout
#18
Roger Collier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133064/evaluation-of-abortion-stigma-in-the-workforce-development-of-the-revised-abortion-providers-stigma-scale
#19
Lisa A Martin, Jane A Hassinger, Meghan Seewald, Lisa H Harris
OBJECTIVES: We report on the development of a scale measuring abortion providers' experiences of stigma. STUDY DESIGN: Using previous measures, qualitative data, and expert review, we created a 49-item question pool. We administered questions to 315 abortion providers before participation in the Providers Share Workshop. We explored the factor structure and item quality using exploratory factor analysis. We assessed reliability using Cronbach's alpha. To test construct validity, we calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients between the stigma scales, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the K10 measure of psychological distress...
November 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132858/doctors-mental-health-burnout-and-suicidality-professional-and-ethical-issues-in-the-workplace
#20
Nikki R Adler, Kimberley A Adler, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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