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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355340/prosocial-response-to-client-instigated-victimization-the-roles-of-forgiveness-and-workgroup-conflict
#1
Jonathan E Booth, Tae-Youn Park, Luke Lei Zhu, T Alexandra Beauregard, Fan Gu, Cécile Emery
We investigate forgiveness as a human service employee coping response to client-instigated victimizations and further explore the role of workgroup conflict in (a) facilitating this response, and (b) influencing the relationship between victimization and workplace outcomes. Using the theoretical lens of Conservation of Resources (Hobfoll, 1989), we propose that employees forgive clients-especially in the context of low workgroup conflict. From low to moderate levels of client-instigated victimization, we suggest that victimization and forgiveness are positively related; however, this positive relationship does not prevail when individuals confront egregious levels of victimization (i...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354203/commentary-the-physician-as-person-framework-how-human-nature-impacts-empathy-depression-burnout-and-the-practice-of-medicine
#2
J Damon Dagnone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354202/the-physician-as-person-framework-how-human-nature-impacts-empathy-depression-burnout-and-the-practice-of-medicine
#3
Lester Liao
Troubling trends of depression, burnout, and declines in empathy have been demonstrated amongst residents. I argue that while interventions in medical education are helpful, a new perspective on the issue requires a more fundamental understanding of this problem. Rather than training physicians to act in certain ways, we must first recognize that physicians are first and foremost people. This core principle forms the basis of the framework that educators can use to help learners. Five areas of humanity with implications for physicians are discussed: 1) Physicians and patients share their humanity; 2) People are self-integrated in both personal and professional lives; 3) People are dynamic, thoughtful, and emotional; 4) People are finite; and 5) People are moral beings...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353524/violence-breeds-violence-burnout-as-a-mediator-between-patient-violence-and-nurse-violence
#4
Syed Harris Laeeque, Atif Bilal, Abdullah Hafeez, Zoia Khan
The present study examines whether patient-perpetrated violence triggers anger, hatred and other negative emotions that, under certain circumstances, might motivate nurses to behave violently with patients. In doing so, this study considers burnout as a mediator in the patient violence-nurse violence relationship. To test the causal paths, data was collected from 182 nurses working in two government-sector teaching hospitals of Pakistan's Punjab province. Results confirm that patient violence toward nurses leads to nurse violence toward patients through the mediating effect of burnout...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353460/psychological-burnout-and-critical-care-medicine-big-threat-big-opportunity
#5
Laura Hawryluck, Peter G Brindley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351638/a-rare-case-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-induced-burnout-cardiomyopathy-role-of-combined-viability-and-metabolic-imaging
#6
Majid Asawaeer, Samer Sayyed, Yiannis S Chatzizisis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351403/project-on-the-good-physician-further-evidence-for-the-validity-of-a-moral-intuitionist-model-of-virtuous-caring
#7
G Michael Leffel, Ross A Oakes Mueller, Sandra A Ham, Kyle E Karches, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
THEORY: In the Project on the Good Physician, the authors propose a moral intuitionist model of virtuous caring that places the virtues of Mindfulness, Empathic Compassion, and Generosity at the heart of medical character education. HYPOTHESES: Hypothesis 1a: The virtues of Mindfulness, Empathic Compassion, and Generosity will be positively associated with one another (convergent validity). Hypothesis 1b: The virtues of Mindfulness and Empathic Compassion will explain variance in the action-related virtue of Generosity beyond that predicted by Big Five personality traits alone (discriminant validity)...
January 19, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349232/health-and-well-being-at-work-the-key-role-of-supervisor-support
#8
Oliver Hämmig
This study aims to explore whether and in what way social support from different sources and domains makes an additional or different and independent contribution to various health and work-related outcomes. Cross-sectional data were used from an employee survey among the workforces of four service companies from different industries in Switzerland. The study sample covered 5,877 employees of working age. The lack of social support from a spouse, relatives, friends, direct supervisors, closest colleagues at work and other co-workers in case of problems at work and at home were assessed and studied individually and jointly as risk factors with respect to a total number of eight outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#9
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337827/severe-burnout-is-common-among-critical-care-physician-assistants-retraction
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337817/burnout-research-eyes-wide-shut
#11
Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent, Renzo Bianchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336332/-fatigue-syndrome-stress-burnout-and-depression-in-urology
#12
Moisés Rodríguez-Socarrás, Juan Luis Vasquez, Pieter Uvin, Pernille Skjold-Kingo, Juan Gómez Rivas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors related to stress, Burnout and depression in urology, as well as consequences in residents and urologists, in addition to the possible applicable strategies to diminish and treat them. ACQUISITION OF THE EVIDENCE: Depression, stress and Burnout syndrome has become a problem in urology specialty. These topics have gained interest in international congresses and urological associations. Efforts are being made to find related factors as well as possible strategies and applicable support programs...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336327/current-status-of-urological-training-in-europe
#13
Diego M Carrion, Juan Gómez Rivas, Francesco Esperto, Giulio Patruno, Juan L Vasquez
Modern urological training has changed drastically in the past years, due to the global surgical training trends, advances in technology, subspecialization of the field and, working hour regulations for doctors. The lack of a standardized curriculum across Europe, puts in evidence the great difference in the requirements in every country, from the start of the residency, to obtaining the accreditation. We sought to identify problems related to medical, scientific and surgical activity during urological training, and summarize data obtained from surveys realized during the European Urology Residents Education Programme (EUREP) in 2013, and from countries such as Germany, Italy and Spain...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335671/feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-a-4-week-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-protocol-for-hospital-employees
#14
Christina M Luberto, Rachel S Wasson, Kristen M Kraemer, Richard W Sears, Carly Hueber, Sian Cotton
Hospital employees may experience occupational stress and burnout, which negatively impact quality of life and job performance. Evidence-based interventions implemented within the hospital setting are needed to promote employees' well-being. We offered a 4-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy group program for hospital employees, and used a mixed-methods practice-based research approach to explore feasibility, acceptability, and effects on stress and burnout. Participants were 65 hospital employees (Mage = 44...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335264/physician-burnout
#15
Shannon M Ruzycki, Jane B Lemaire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#16
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#17
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332412/-investigation-of-the-burnout-syndrome-among-the-employees-of-the-department-of-emergency-medicine-at-the-university-of-szeged
#18
Emőke Adrienn Hompoth, Annamária Töreki, Zoltán Pető
INTRODUCTION: Burnout has been described as a growing problem amongst healthcare workers. Emergency department staffs experience the burden of stress day by day, yet only a few studies have examined their burnout. AIM: In this study we wanted to investigate the burnout and its relations to other variables amongst the employees of the Department of Emergency Medicine in Szeged. METHOD: Cross-sectional design utilizing a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the staff of the Department...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330734/how-does-school-experience-relate-to-adolescent-identity-formation-over-time-cross-lagged-associations-between-school-engagement-school-burnout-and-identity-processing-styles
#19
Rasa Erentaitė, Rimantas Vosylis, Ingrida Gabrialavičiūtė, Saulė Raižienė
The existing research findings still do not provide a clear understanding of the links between adolescent school experience and their identity formation. To address this gap, we analyzed the dynamic links between adolescent school experiences and identity formation by exploring the cross-lagged associations between school engagement, school burnout and identity processing styles (information-oriented, normative and diffuse-avoidant) over a 2-year period during middle-to-late adolescence. The sample of this school-based study included 916 adolescents (51...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330243/task-delegation-and-burnout-trade-offs-among-primary-care-providers-and-nurses-in-veterans-affairs-patient-aligned-care-teams-va-pacts
#20
Samuel T Edwards, Christian D Helfrich, David Grembowski, Elizabeth Hulen, Walter L Clinton, Gordon B Wood, Linda Kim, Danielle E Rose, Greg Stewart
PURPOSE: Appropriate delegation of clinical tasks from primary care providers (PCPs) to other team members may reduce employee burnout in primary care. However, (1) the extent to which delegation occurs within multidisciplinary teams, (2) factors associated with greater delegation, and (3) whether delegation is associated with burnout are all unknown. METHODS: We performed a national cross-sectional survey of Veterans Affairs (VA) PCP-nurse dyads in Department of VA primary care clinics, 4 years into the VA's patient-centered medical home initiative...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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