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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439914/how-does-burnout-impact-the-three-components-of-nursing-professional-commitment
#1
Hao-Yuan Chang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, May-Kuen Wong, Tsung-Lan Chu, Yuan-Yu Lo, Ching-I Teng
BACKGROUND: While the impact of burnout on organisational commitment has been widely observed, its impact on nursing professional commitment has not previously been investigated. The literature has clarified that professional commitment has three distinct components: affective, continuance and normative. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationships between burnout and the three components of nursing professional commitment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to collect data in one large medical centre...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439376/-back-to-bedside-residents-and-fellows-perspectives-on-finding-meaning-in-work
#2
Dustin M Hipp, Kristy L Rialon, Kathryn Nevel, Anai N Kothari, Lcdr Dinchen A Jardine
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout is common and associated with significant consequences for physicians and patients. One mechanism to combat burnout is to enhance meaning in work. OBJECTIVE: To provide a trainee perspective on how meaning in work can be enhanced in the clinical learning environment through individual, program, and institutional efforts. METHODS: "Back to Bedside" resulted from an appreciative inquiry exercise by 37 resident and fellow members of the ACGME's Council of Review Committee Residents (CRCR), which was guided by the memoir When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439373/improving-resident-well-being-and-burnout-the-role-of-peer-support
#3
EDITORIAL
Mark P Abrams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436926/using-moral-distress-for-organizational-improvement
#4
James E Sabin
Moral distress is a major problem for nurses, other clinicians, and the health system itself. But if properly understood and responded to, it is also a promising guide for healthcare improvement. When individuals experience moral distress or burnout, their reports must be seen as crucial data requiring careful attention to the individuals and to the organization. Distress and burnout will often point to important opportunities for system improvements, which may in turn reduce the experience of distress. For this potential virtuous cycle to happen, individuals must be able to articulate their concerns without fear of retribution, and organizational leaders must be able to listen in an undefensive, improvement-oriented manner...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#5
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434435/association-between-burnout-and-cortisol-secretion-perceived-stress-and-psychopathology-in-palliative-care-unit-health-professionals
#6
José Carlos Fernández-Sánchez, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Antonia Blásquez, Ana María Santos-Ruiz, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
OBJECTIVE: A high incidence of burnout has been reported in health professionals working in palliative care units. Our present study aims to determine whether there are differences in the secretion of salivary cortisol between palliative care unit health professionals with and without burnout, and to elucidate whether there is a relationship between burnout syndrome and perceived stress and psychopathological status in this population. METHOD: A total of 69 health professionals who met the inclusion criteria participated in our study, including physicians, nurses, and nursing assistants...
April 24, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430573/roles-of-physicians-and-health-care-systems-in-difficult-clinical-encounters
#7
Elizabeth S Goldsmith, Erin E Krebs
Physicians are, by definition, contributing partners in "difficult" patient-physician encounters. Although research on relevant physician qualities is limited, common themes mirror the more extensive literature on physician burnout. Focusing on primary care, we discuss physician-level factors in difficult encounters related to psychosocial attitudes and self-awareness, communication skills, and practice environments. Potential approaches to mitigating these factors include changes to medical training, such as structured peer case discussion groups and communication skills development, and changes to workplace environments, such as integrated mental health...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430534/chronobiological-factors-for-compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-among-ambulatory-oncology-caregivers
#8
Daniela Bellicoso, Maureen Trudeau, Margaret I Fitch, Martin R Ralph
Primary caregivers for victims of chronic illness and or trauma experience both positive and negative emotional consequences. These are broadly classified as compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF). Because one of the components of CF, burnout, varies with chronotype and sleep quality, we assessed the influence of chronobiological features on the broader constructs of CS and CF. Responses from primary ambulatory care oncology staff working dayshifts were assessed for potential relationships of chronotype and sleep quality with CS and CF using the professional quality of life scale...
April 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428907/palliative-care-in-huntington-disease-personal-reflections-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Christopher G Tarolli, Amy M Chesire, Kevin M Biglan
BACKGROUND: Huntington disease is a fatal, autosomal dominant, neurodegenerative disorder manifest by the triad of a movement disorder, behavioral disturbances, and dementia. At present, no curative or disease modifying therapies exist for the condition and current treatments are symptomatic. Palliative care is an approach to care that focuses on symptom relief, patient and caregiver support, and end of life care. There is increasing evidence of the benefit of palliative care throughout the course of neurodegenerative conditions including Parkinson disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426397/a-successful-debrief-program-for-house-staff
#10
Victoria Leff, Adrienne Klement, Anthony Galanos
Challenging end-of-life encounters can be stressful and may lead to burnout. Monthly debriefing sessions are led by a physician and clinical social worker (LCSW). Sessions focus on experiences and emotional reactions rather than case details. Themes identified included; feeling unsupported after difficult deaths, identifying with patients emotionally, and conceptualizing a "good" versus "bad" death. Debriefing provides opportunities for residency physicians to reflect on the affective side of their work and helps promote resiliency...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426360/pharmaceutical-cognitive-enhancement-in-greek-university-students-differences-between-users-and-non-users-in-social-cognitive-variables-burnout-and-engagement
#11
Lambros Lazuras, Antonia Ypsilanti, Efthymios Lamprou, Christos Kontogiorgis
Pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) represents the non-medical use of prescribed medication for the improvement of cognitive functioning and academic performance. Although there are some studies about PCE prevalence, it is less clear how users and non-users of PCE substances differ with respect to their positive and negative student experiences (e.g. academic burnout and engagement with studies) and in social cognitive variables that relate to decision-making and self-regulation of PCE use. The present study assessed whether students with different experiences of PCE substance use displayed differences in academic burnout, study engagement, and social cognitive variables relevant to PCE use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425883/transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school-the-role-of-self-study-and-self-regulated-learning-skills-in-freshman-burnout
#12
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
INTRODUCTION: The transition from secondary to higher education is a challenging and demanding period for medical students. The ability to manage study time effectively and to be a self-regulated learner is essential to cope with the exponential growth of knowledge in medical education. Thus, the purpose of our study was to measure self-regulated learning skills and self-study across secondary higher education transition and to explore its effect on academic burnout in the first year of medical school...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#13
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421480/amount-of-sleep-daytime-sleepiness-hazardous-driving-and-quality-of-life-of-second-year-medical-students
#14
Kay M Johnson, Nancy Simon, Mark Wicks, Karen Barr, Kim O'Connor, Doug Schaad
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the sleep habits of second year medical students and look for associations between reported sleep duration and depression, burnout, overall quality of life, self-reported academic success, and falling asleep while driving. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of two consecutive cohorts of second year medical students at a large public university in the USA. Participants completed an anonymous survey about their sleep habits, daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale), burnout (Maslach burnout inventory), depression (PRIME MD), and perceived stress (perceived stress scale)...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421479/understanding-medical-students-experience-with-stress-and-its-related-constructs-a-focus-group-study-from-singapore
#15
Julia Farquhar, Desiree Lie, Angelique Chan, Mandy Ow, Arpana Vidyarthi
OBJECTIVE: In order to protect medical students from burnout and its untoward psychiatric effects, it is imperative to understand their stress, burnout, coping, and resilience experiences. This study aimed to derive collective definitions from the medical student perspective, to identify common themes of students' experiences, and to distinguish pre-clinical and clinical year students' experiences relating to these four constructs. METHODS: The authors conducted focus groups of medical students in Singapore across 4 years using a semi-structured question guide...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418518/development-of-a-research-agenda-to-identify-evidence-based-strategies-to-improve-physician-wellness-and-reduce-burnout
#16
Liselotte N Dyrbye, Mickey Trockel, Erica Frank, Kristine Olson, Mark Linzer, Jane Lemaire, Stephen Swensen, Tait Shanafelt, Christine A Sinsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415959/the-practices-and-meanings-of-care-for-nurses-working-on-a-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplant-unit
#17
Caroline F Morrison, Edith J Morris
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) units are stressful work environments with high staff burnout, anxiety, and turnover. A qualitative study was undertaken to better understand care for nurses within the context of their clinical practice on a pediatric BMT unit. Understanding care practices for BMT nurses will allow us to design interventions and provide appropriate support for this subspecialty of nurses. Focus groups were held with 24 nurses as key participants, and 2 focus groups with general participants: unit management (N = 2) and caregivers of inpatients (N = 7)...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411664/-work-related-suicide
#18
Patrick Rivière, Thierry Fouet
Work and the working environment can push a person to suicide, notably in the context of burnout. There are, however, a wide variety of risk factors, suicide being multifactorial. Identifying protective elements and recognising the warning signs is essential.
April 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410972/fostering-resilience-among-mothers-under-stress-authentic%C3%A2-connections-groups-for-medical-professionals
#19
Suniya S Luthar, Alexandria Curlee, Susannah J Tye, Judith C Engelman, Cynthia M Stonnington
BACKGROUND: We report on effects of an intervention to foster resilience among professional women at high risk for stress and burnout: health care providers (physicians, PhD clinicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners) who are mothers. METHODS: Between February and November 2015, 40 mothers on staff at the Mayo Clinic, Arizona, were assigned randomly to either 1) 12 weekly 1-hour sessions of a structured, relational supportive intervention, the Authentic Connections Groups (n = 21) with protected time to attend sessions or to 2) 12 weekly hours of protected time to be used as desired (controls; n = 19)...
April 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408074/burnout-and-job-satisfaction-of-intensive-care-personnel-and-the-relationship-with-personality-and-religious-traits-an-observational-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#20
Asimenia Ntantana, Dimitrios Matamis, Savvoula Savvidou, Maria Giannakou, Mary Gouva, George Nakos, Vasilios Koulouras
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if burnout in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is influenced by aspects of personality, religiosity and job satisfaction. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study, designed to assess burnout in the ICU and to investigate possible determinants. Three different questionnaires were used: the Malach Burnout Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and the Spiritual/Religious Attitudes Questionnaire. Predicting factors for high burnout were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
April 10, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
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