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Heather K Spence Laschinger, Emily A Read
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of authentic leadership, person-job fit with 6 areas of worklife, and civility norms on coworker incivility and burnout among new graduate nurses. BACKGROUND: New graduate nurses report experiencing high levels of workplace incivility from coworkers, which has been found to negatively impact their job and career satisfaction and increase their intention to leave. The role of civility norms in preventing burnout and subsequent exposure to incivility from coworkers has yet to be examined among new graduate nurses...
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Jason Kwah, Jennifer Weintraub, Robert Fallar, Jonathan Ripp
BACKGROUND : Burnout is a common issue in internal medicine residents, and its impact on medical errors and professionalism is an important subject of investigation. OBJECTIVE : To evaluate differences in medical errors and professionalism in internal medicine residents with and without burnout. METHODS : A single institution observational cohort study was conducted between June 2011 and July 2012. Burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory to generate subscores for the following 3 domains: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and sense of personal accomplishment...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Maria Unwin, Leigh Kinsman, Scott Rigby
[Background] Emergency departments world-wide report service demands which exceed resource availability. Themes such as crowding, non-urgent presentations, ambulance diversion and access block have been linked to complications in care, poorer patient outcomes, increased morbidity and staff burnout. People attending the emergency department with problems perceived as non-urgent are frequently attributed blame for increased service demand, yet little is known from the patients' perspective. [Method] This project utilised a descriptive cross-sectional waiting room survey of non-urgent patients to identify factors contributing to their decision making process to access ED services at a regional hospital in Tasmania, Australia...
October 21, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
Daniel Schwarzkopf, Hendrik Rüddel, Daniel O Thomas-Rüddel, Jörg Felfe, Bernhard Poidinger, Claudia T Matthäus-Krämer, Christiane S Hartog, Frank Bloos
OBJECTIVES: Perceiving nonbeneficial treatment is stressful for ICU staff and may be associated with burnout. We aimed to investigate predictors and consequences of perceived nonbeneficial treatment and to compare nurses and junior and senior physicians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multicenter paper-pencil survey on personal and work-related characteristics, perceived nonbeneficial treatment, burnout, and intention to leave the job. SETTING: Convenience sample of 23 German ICUs...
October 21, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Murat Akbaba, Vedat Davutoğlu
The relationship between patients and physicians has maintained its importance throughout human history because of special features of the medical profession. This relationship engendered true loyalty of patients to their physicians as well as serious legal conflicts. Medical malpractice has gained importance among physicians and ignited discussion because of new articles added to the Turkish Penal Code in 2005. In a very short time, the penalties mandated had a chilling, negative effect on doctors, resulting in loss of affection for the profession, hesitation to intervene, and burnout syndrome...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Rachid Chati, Emmanuel Huet, Lucie Grimberg, Lilian Schwarz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Valérie Bridoux M D Ph D
BACKGROUND: Digestive surgery training is notoriously difficult and medical students choose this path less and less often leading to a veritable demographic crisis for this specialty in France. The aim of this study was to evaluate the working conditions to measure the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and to identify potential risk factors to implement preventive measures and appropriate support. METHODS: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 500 French digestive surgeons in training (residents and fellows)...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Andrew S Hwang, Steven J Atlas, Johan Hong, Jeffrey M Ashburner, Adrian H Zai, Richard W Grant, Clemens S Hong
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the attributes of patients who require more effort to manage may improve risk adjustment approaches and lead to more efficient resource allocation, improved patient care and health outcomes, and reduced burnout in primary care clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize high-effort patients from the physician's perspective. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-nine primary care physicians in an academic primary care network...
October 21, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Giampiera Bulfone, Roberta Fida, Valerio Ghezzi, Loreana Macale, Alessandro Sili, Rosaria Alvaro, Alvisa Palese
Student perceptions of self-efficacy (SE) prevent stress and burnout and improve engagement in nursing education, thus increasing learning outcomes. The study aims were to (1) validate a scale measuring nursing SE in psychomotor skills (NSE-PS), (2) describe changes in NSE-PS over time, and (3) explore NSE-PS correlations with burnout and engagement. A total of 1117 nursing students participated. A significant increase in the NSE-PS scores over the years has emerged; in addition, all NSE-PS dimensions were correlated negatively with burnout and positively with engagement...
November 2016: Nurse Educator
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Nabita Singh, Kellie Knight, Caroline Wright, Marilyn Baird, Duane Akroyd, Robert D Adams, Michal E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals are more prone to burnout than other professionals due to the emotionally taxing interactions they have with their patients on a daily basis. The aims of this study were to measure occupational burnout levels among sonographers, radiographers and radiologists and to examine predictors of burnout according to demographic characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered in 2010 to radiographers, sonographers and radiologists who were members of the following professional bodies: Australian Institute of Radiography, Australian Sonographers Association and The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Sonja Sulkava, Hanna M Ollila, Jukka Alasaari, Sampsa Puttonen, Mikko Härmä, Katriina Viitasalo, Alexandra Lahtinen, Jaana Lindström, Auli Toivola, Raimo Sulkava, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Timo Partonen, Kaisa Silander, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Tolerance to shift work varies; only some shift workers suffer from disturbed sleep, fatigue, and job-related exhaustion. Our aim was to explore molecular genetic risk factors for intolerance to shift work. METHODS: We assessed intolerance to shift work with job-related exhaustion symptoms in shift workers using the emotional exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey, and carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using Illumina's Human610-Quad BeadChip (n = 176)...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
BACKGROUND: Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. OBJECTIVES, DESIGN AND SETTING: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Ramneet Kalra, Sarah Glowa Kollisch, Ross MacDonald, Nathaniel Dickey, Zachary Rosner, Homer Venters
This article reviewed a program evaluation conducted among correctional health care staff in New York City (NYC) using a 68-question electronic survey to assess satisfaction, attitudes, and beliefs in relation to ethics and burnout of health care employees in NYC jails. Descriptive statistics were tabulated and reviewed, and further assessment of burnout and ethics was performed through group sessions with participants. This evaluation has led to changes in agency policies and procedures and an emphasis on the human rights issue of the dual loyalty challenges that the security setting places on the overall mission to care for patients...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Yafit Maza, Efrat Shechter, Neta Pur Eizenberg, Efrat Gortler Segev, Moshe Y Flugelman
BACKGROUND: The physician manager role in the health care system is invaluable as they serve as role models and quality setters. The requirements from physician managers have become more demanding and the role less prestigious; yet burnout and its prevention in this group have received little attention. Physician leadership development programmes have generally dealt directly with skill and knowledge acquisition. The aim of this research was to evaluate an intensive workshop designed to modify attitudes and improve skills of physician-managers of community clinics, through focus on personal well-being and empowerment...
October 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Márcia Oliveira Staffa Tironi, José Mário Meira Teles, Dalton de Souza Barros, Débora Feijó Villas Bôas Vieira, Colbert Martins da Silva Filho, Davi Felix Martins Júnior, Marcos Almeida Matos, Carlito Lopes Nascimento Sobrinho
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of burnout in intensivist doctors working in adult, pediatric and neonatal intensive care units in five Brazilian capitals. METHODS: Descriptive epidemiological study with a random sample stratified by conglomerate with 180 intensivist doctors from five capitals representing the Brazilian geographic regions: Porto Alegre (RS), Sao Paulo (SP), Salvador (BA), Goiania (GO) and Belem (PA). A self-administered questionnaire examining sociodemographic data and the level of burnout was evaluated through the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Caroline Se Homer
There has been substantial reform in the past decade in the provision of maternal and child health services, and specifically regarding models of maternity care. Increasingly, midwives are working together in small groups to provide midwife-led continuity of care. This article reviews the current evidence for models of maternity care that provide midwifery continuity of care, in terms of their impact on clinical outcomes, the views of midwives and childbearing women, and health service costs. A systematic review of midwife-led continuity of care models identified benefits for women and babies, with no adverse effects...
October 17, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Mallory Taylor, Joseph R Hageman, Melanie Brown
Physician burnout is a topic of growing importance in today's health care system. Tangible interventions aimed at reducing burnout and promoting wellness are now necessary components of medical training and practice. A study examined the feasibility and impact of a brief mindfulness intervention using a free smartphone application with a resident population. Participants used a free smartphone application to complete a 10-day program in mindfulness meditation, and completed surveys at the end of the program...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Brielle M Spataro, Sarah A Tilstra, Doris M Rubio, Melissa A McNeil
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a significant problem facing internal medicine residents contributing to increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation. Coping mechanisms and burnout may differ based on sex. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of reported burnout and coping mechanisms used by internal medicine residents in June 2014 at a large academic center and its community affiliate. Two hundred eighty-five postgraduate year (PGY)-1, 2, 3, and 4 and incoming PGY-1 residents were surveyed...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
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