keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tetanus,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352427/preserved-in-vitro-immunoreactivity-in-children-receiving-long-term-immunosuppressive-therapy-due-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-or-autoimmune-hepatitis
#1
Teresa Schleker, Eva-Maria Jacobsen, Benjamin Mayer, Gudrun Strauss, Klaus-Michael Debatin, Carsten Posovszky
BACKGROUND: Children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are at risk for severe infections. This is partially a result of their chronic disease condition but, moreover, a side effect of their immunosuppressive therapy. Currently, vaccinations with live vaccines are regarded as contraindicated under immunosuppressive therapy, mainly because of concerns about side effects and a lack of data showing an adequate immune reaction. As there is no systematic study on the individual immunoreactivity under immunosuppressive therapy in this patient group, we analyzed the lymphocyte subgroups and immunoreactivity of lymphocytes in children with IBD or AIH with and without immunosuppressive therapy in vitro...
January 19, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351604/evaluation-of-results-based-financing-in-the-republic-of-the-congo-a-comparison-group-pre-post-study
#2
Wu Zeng, Donald S Shepard, Jean de Dieu Rusatira, Aaron P Blaakman, Bernice M Nsitou
Results-based financing (RBF) has been advocated and increasingly scaled up in low- and middle-income countries to increase utilization and quality of key primary care services, thereby reducing maternal and child mortality rates. This pilot RBF study in the Republic of the Congo from 2012 to 2014 used a quasi-experimental research design. The authors conducted pre- and post-household surveys and gathered health facility services data from both intervention and comparison groups. Using a difference-in-differences approach, the study evaluated the impact of RBF on maternal and child health services...
January 16, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351594/sero-efficacy-of-vi-polysaccharide-tetanus-toxoid-typhoid-conjugate-vaccine-typbar-tcv
#3
Merryn Voysey, Andrew J Pollard
Background: Salmonella Typhi is the major cause of enteric fever in lower income countries. New conjugate vaccines show promise as public health interventions, however there are no efficacy data available from endemic areas. Methods: Data were obtained from a previously published phase 3 randomised controlled trial comparing Vi-polysaccharide tetanus-toxoid conjugate vaccine (Typbar-TCV; Bharat Biotech Intl Ltd, India): (Vi-TT) with Vi-polysaccharide (Typbar; Bharat Biotech Intl Ltd, India): (Vi-PS) in participants aged 2- 45 years...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350162/new-parvovirus-associated-with-serum-hepatitis-in-horses-after-inoculation-of-common-biological-product
#4
Thomas J Divers, Bud C Tennant, Arvind Kumar, Sean McDonough, John Cullen, Nishit Bhuva, Komal Jain, Lokendra Singh Chauhan, Troels Kasper Høyer Scheel, W Ian Lipkin, Melissa Laverack, Sheetal Trivedi, Satyapramod Srinivasa, Laurie Beard, Charles M Rice, Peter D Burbelo, Randall W Renshaw, Edward Dubovi, Amit Kapoor
Equine serum hepatitis (i.e., Theiler's disease) is a serious and often life-threatening disease of unknown etiology that affects horses. A horse in Nebraska, USA, with serum hepatitis died 65 days after treatment with equine-origin tetanus antitoxin. We identified an unknown parvovirus in serum and liver of the dead horse and in the administered antitoxin. The equine parvovirus-hepatitis (EqPV-H) shares <50% protein identity with its phylogenetic relatives of the genus Copiparvovirus. Next, we experimentally infected 2 horses using a tetanus antitoxin contaminated with EqPV-H...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342498/patient-reminder-and-recall-interventions-to-improve-immunization-rates
#5
REVIEW
Julie C Jacobson Vann, Robert M Jacobson, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Josephine K Asafu-Adjei, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Immunization rates for children and adults are rising, but coverage levels have not reached optimal goals. As a result, vaccine-preventable diseases still occur. In an era of increasing complexity of immunization schedules, rising expectations about the performance of primary care, and large demands on primary care providers, it is important to understand and promote interventions that work in primary care settings to increase immunization coverage. One common theme across immunization programs in many nations involves the challenge of implementing a population-based approach and identifying all eligible recipients, for example the children who should receive the measles vaccine...
January 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337653/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-a-meningococcal-b-recombinant-vaccine-when-administered-with-routine-vaccines-to-healthy-infants-in-taiwan-a-phase-3-open-label-randomized-study
#6
Nan-Chang Chiu, Li-Min Huang, Arnold Willemsen, Chiranjiwi Bhusal, Ashwani Kumar Arora, Zenaida Reynoso Mojares, Daniela Toneatto
Neisseria meningitidis is associated with high mortality and morbidity in infants and children worldwide. This phase 3 study (NCT02173704) evaluated safety and immunogenicity of a 4-component serogroup B recombinant meningococcal vaccine (4CMenB) co-administered with routine vaccines in Taiwanese infants. In total, 225 healthy infants were randomized (2:1) to receive 4CMenB and routine vaccines (4CMenB+Routine) or routine vaccines only (Routine group) at 2, 4, 6 and 12 months of age. Routine vaccines were diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae type b, 13-valent pneumococcal, hepatitis B, measles-mumps-rubella and varicella vaccines...
January 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337400/immunization-in-end-stage-renal-disease-the-perception-of-waiting-list-patients
#7
L F Camargo, A M Lother, M Mazzali, R S B Stucchi
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with chronic kidney disease is increasing worldwide, as well as the number of patients in kidney transplant waiting lists. In order to prevent infections related to immunosuppressive therapy, immunization guidelines for CKD patients before transplantation have been proposed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate adherence to immunization in a cohort of CKD patients in transplant waiting list and their renal replacement therapy clinics. METHODS: CKD patients older than 18 years old, receiving renal replacement therapy longer than12 months and included in kidney transplant waiting list at University of Campinas (Unicamp) were enrolled...
January 16, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336924/immunization-of-preterm-infants-with-gsk-s-hexavalent-combined-diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-b-inactivated-poliovirus-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-conjugate-vaccine-a-review-of-safety-and-immunogenicity
#8
Felix Omeñaca, Liliana Vázquez, Pilar Garcia-Corbeira, Narcisa Mesaros, Linda Hanssens, Jan Dolhain, Ivonne Puente Gómez, Johannes Liese, Markus Knuf
BACKGROUND: Infants with history of prematurity (<37 weeks gestation) and low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) are at high risk of infection due to functional immaturity of normal physical and immunological defense mechanisms. Despite current recommendations that infants with history of prematurity/LBW should receive routine immunization according to the same schedule and chronological age as full-term infants, immunization is often delayed. METHODS: Here we summarize 10 clinical studies and 15 years of post-marketing safety surveillance of GSK's hexavalent vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib), a combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis-hepatitis-B-inactivated-poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae-type-b (Hib) conjugate vaccine, when administered alone, or co-administered with pneumococcal conjugate, rotavirus, and meningococcal vaccines and respiratory syncytial virus IgG to infants with history of prematurity/LBW in clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335073/-enhance-research-prevention-and-control-of-pertussis-for-protecting-public-confidence-in-vaccination-focus-on-the-adverse-events-of-vaccine-with-insufficient-potency-and-its-long-term-impacts
#9
Kai-Hu Yao, Ju Jia
On November 3, 2017, the China Food and Drug Administration reported that the potency indexes of two batches of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccines produced by two companies did not reach the requirements. Insufficient potency could affect the protection effect of these vaccines immunization. Currently, pertussis cases have already showed an increasing trend in China and could last for several years. Such an increase could be linked to these adverse events of vaccine with insufficient potency, which could become an evidence to challenge or deny the effectiveness of vaccination, and brings a persistent inhibition of the public's acceptance for vaccination...
January 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327281/effect-of-early-natal-supplementation-of-paracetamol-on-attenuation-of-exotoxin-endotoxin-induced-pyrexia-and-precipitation-of-autistic-like-features-in-albino-rats
#10
Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Indu Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Manjari Singh, Jitendra K Rawat, Uma Devi, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish K Yadav, Gaurav Kaithwas
The present study was aimed to test the hypothesis that paracetamol (PCM) can precipitate autistic like features when used to counteract vaccine-induced fever using experimental rat pups. The pups were treated with measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria tetanus and pertussis (DPT) vaccines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with subsequent PCM treatment. The pups were evaluated for postnatal growth (weight gain, eye opening) and behavior alterations (swimming performance, olfactory discrimination, negative geotaxis, nociception, and locomotor activity) by performing battery of neurobehavioral test...
January 11, 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326823/lichen-planus-following-tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Heather C Rosengard, Chikoti M Wheat, Matthew P Tilson, Jonathan D Cuda
Lichen planus is an inflammatory dermatosis with a prevalence of approximately 1%. Recent meta-analyses show that patients with hepatitis C virus have a 2.5- to 4.5-fold increased risk of developing lichen planus. Lichen planus has also followed vaccinations and has specifically been attributed to the hepatitis B vaccine, the influenza vaccine, and the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine. We describe a case of lichen planus in a hepatitis C virus-infected African American male occurring in temporal association with the administration of the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326519/tetanus-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature-a-continuing-threat-to-the-elderly-in-japan
#12
Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Masatoshi Sato, Tadaaki Kirita
Tetanus has become rare in industrialized countries, largely due to the effectiveness of immunization. However, the elderly are susceptible to tetanus because many have not received primary immunization; the incidence of tetanus in Japan is still 120 cases/year. The initial symptoms of tetanus, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. However, because of the disease's rarity, the clinician may be unfamiliar with the clinical presentation and may not suspect tetanus. We report two cases of elderly patients with generalized tetanus...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325822/parental-vaccine-hesitancy-in-italy-results-from-a-national-survey
#13
Cristina Giambi, Massimo Fabiani, Fortunato D'Ancona, Lorenza Ferrara, Daniel Fiacchini, Tolinda Gallo, Domenico Martinelli, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Rosa Prato, Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Martina Del Manso, Caterina Rizzo, Maria Cristina Rota
In Italy, in 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to estimate vaccine hesitancy and investigate its determinants among parents of children aged 16-36 months. Data on parental attitudes and beliefs about vaccinations were collected through a questionnaire administered online or self-administered at pediatricians' offices and nurseries. Parents were classified as pro-vaccine, vaccine-hesitant or anti-vaccine, according to self-reported tetanus and measles vaccination status of their child. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate factors associated with hesitancy...
January 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325483/characterization-of-vaccination-policies-for-attendance-and-employment-at-day-summer-camps-in-new-york-state
#14
William A Prescott, Kelsey C Violanti, Nicholas M Fusco
INTRODUCTION: New York state requires day/summer camps to keep immunization records for all enrolled campers and strongly recommends requiring vaccination for all campers and staff. The objective of this study was to characterize immunization requirements/recommendations for children/adolescents enrolled in and staff employed at day/summer camps in New York state. METHODS: An electronic hyperlink to a 9-question survey instrument was distributed via e-mail to 178 day/summer camps located in New York state cities with a population size greater than 100 000 people...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325171/maternal-and-child-health-handbook-use-for-maternal-and-child-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-study-in-rural-java-indonesia
#15
Keiko Osaki, Tomoko Hattori, Akemi Toda, Erna Mulati, Lukas Hermawan, Kirana Pritasari, Saptawati Bardosono, Soewarta Kosen
Background: Effectiveness of the Maternal and Child Health Handbook (MCHHB), a home-based booklet for pregnancy, delivery and postnatal/child health, was evaluated on care acquisition and home care in rural Java, a low service-coverage area. Methods: We conducted a health centre-based randomized trial, with a 2-year follow-up. Intervention included (i) MCHHB provision at antenatal care visits; (ii) records and guides by health personnel on and with the MCHHB; and (iii) sensitization of care by volunteers using the MCHHB...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324612/third-trimester-maternal-vaccination-against-pertussis-and-pertussis-antibody-concentrations
#16
Cynthia Abraham, Michael Pichichero, Jesse Eisenberg, Sonali Singh
OBJECTIVE: To compare pertussis antibody concentrations in maternal venous serum (at the time of delivery) and umbilical cord arterial serum among women vaccinated with the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine from either 27-30 6/7 weeks of gestation or from 31-35 6/7 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of pregnant women divided into two groups based on when Tdap was administered: 27-30 6/7 weeks of gestation and 31-35 6/7 weeks of gestation...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317900/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-tetanus-toxoid-vaccination-in-women-of-childbearing-age-a-cross-sectional-study-in-peri-urban-settlements-of-karachi-pakistan
#17
Yasir Shafiq, Asif Raza Khowaja, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Syed Asad Ali, Anita Zaidi, Ali Faisal Saleem
Backgound: A higher incidence of neonatal tetanus implies failure of the vaccination program in Pakistan. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices related to tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccine in women of childbearing age. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey in peri-urban Karachi, Pakistan, among women of childbearing age, stratified into three mutually exclusive groups as: married pregnant; married non-pregnant; and unmarried...
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315536/a-decision-analytic-model-for-prevention-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-sub-saharan-africa-using-birth-dose-vaccination
#18
Sarah Anderson, Lorie M Harper, Jodie Dionne-Odom, Gregory Halle-Ekane, Alan T N Tita
OBJECTIVE: To compare prenatal maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and infant vaccination strategies to inform policy on HBV prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A decision analytic model was created using previously published data to assess the ability of three intervention strategies to prevent HBV infection by age 10 years. Strategy 1 comprised of universal vaccination with a pentavalent vaccine (HBV, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and Haemophilus influenzae) at age 6 weeks...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310705/intensity-of-contact-with-frontline-workers-and-its-influence-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-behaviors-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-uttar-pradesh-india
#19
Tanica Lyngdoh, Sutapa B Neogi, Danish Ahmad, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Dileep Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: India is committed to improving maternal and newborn health in order to achieve the targets for India's Millennium Development Goal 4. Considering their role as a link between community and health systems, frontline workers (FLWs) can be effectively utilized in strengthening maternal and newborn care. In this paper, we set out to examine the effect of intensity of contact with FLWs on key maternal and newborn health behaviors and to determine if this association varies by status of Self Help Group (SHG) membership...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308916/maternal-immunization-where-are-we-now-and-how-to-move-forward
#20
Ivo Vojtek, Ilse Dieussaert, T Mark Doherty, Valentine Franck, Linda Hanssens, Jacqueline Miller, Rafik Bekkat-Berkani, Walid Kandeil, David Prado-Cohrs, Andrew Vyse
Pregnancy and the post-partum period are associated with elevated risks to both mother and infant from infectious disease. Vaccination of pregnant women, also called maternal immunization, has the potential to protect pregnant women, fetuses, and infants from several vaccine-preventable diseases. Maternal immunoglobulin G antibodies are actively transferred through the placenta to provide passive immunity to newborns during the first months of life, until the time for infant vaccinations or until the period of greatest susceptibility has passed...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Medicine
keyword
keyword
19473
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"