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Th 17

Kirstin Harling, Ernest Adankwah, Alptekin Güler, Anthony Afum-Adjei Awuah, Louis Adu-Amoah, Ertan Mayatepek, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Norman Nausch, Marc Jacobsen
T-cells critically contribute to protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, and impaired T-cell responses can lead to disease progression. Pro-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokines affect T-cells, and fine-tuned regulation of cytokine signaling via the Jak/STAT signaling pathways is crucial for appropriate T-cell function. Constitutive STAT3 phosphorylation as a consequence of aberrant cytokine signaling has been described to occur in pathognomonic T-cell responses in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases...
March 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Y T Huang, X F Liu, Y F Chen, R F Fu, W Liu, L Zhang, R C Yang
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of eltrombopag for adult patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (cITP). Methods: It was a randomised, single-centre, 6 weeks, placebo-controlled study. Beginning in January 29(th), 2013, 35 patients were enrolled, and the trial was completed on May 16(th), 2014. 17 patients were assigned to receive eltrombopag (starting dose 25 mg/d) and 18 were assigned to receive placebo. Results: A total of 35 cases of adult cITP, 6 males and 29 females with a median age of 42(22-66) years were enrolled...
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Salman Siddiqui, Aarti Shikotra, Matthew Richardson, Emma Doran, David Choy, Alex Bell, Cary D Austin, Jeffrey Eastham-Anderson, Beverley Hargadon, Joseph R Arron, Andrew Wardlaw, Christopher E Brightling, Liam G Heaney, Peter Bradding
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a complex chronic disease underpinned by pathological changes within the airway wall. How variations in structural airway pathology and cellular inflammation contribute to the expression and severity of asthma are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Therefore we evaluated pathological heterogeneity using topological data analysis (TDA) with the aim of visualizing disease clusters and microclusters. METHODS: A discovery population of 202 adult patients (142 asthmatic patients and 60 healthy subjects) and an external replication population (59 patients with severe asthma) were evaluated...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Yai-Ping Hsiao, Chien-Chang Shen, Chung-Hsiung Huang, Yu-Chin Lin, Tong-Rong Jan
Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have been shown to attenuate T helper (Th)1 and Th2 cell-mediated immunity in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of IONPs on the immune responses of Th17 cells, a subset of T cells involved in various inflammatory pathologies. For in vivo study, a murine model of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) was employed. BALB/c mice received a single dose of IONPs (0.2-10 mg iron/kg) via the tail vein 1 h prior to ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization...
March 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Zhaodong Li, Ludovica F Buttó, Kristine-Anne Buela, Li-Guo Jia, Minh Lam, John D Ward, Theresa T Pizarro, Fabio Cominelli
Death receptor 3 (DR3), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, has been implicated in regulating T-helper type-1 (TH 1), type-2 (TH 2), and type-17 (TH 17) responses as well as regulatory T cell (Treg ) and innate lymphoid cell (ILC) functions during immune-mediated diseases. However, the role of DR3 in controlling lymphocyte functions in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not fully understood. Recent studies have shown that activation of DR3 signaling modulates Treg expansion suggesting that stimulation of DR3 represents a potential therapeutic target in human inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease (CD)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
JooYeon Jhun, Seung Hoon Lee, Soon Kyu Lee, Hee Yeon Kim, Eun Sun Jung, Dong Goo Kim, JeongWon Choi, Si Hyun Bae, Seung Kew Yoon, Byung Ha Chung, Chul Woo Yang, Mi-La Cho, Jong Young Choi
Recipients of liver transplantation (LT) require long-term immunosuppressive drug treatment, but lifelong immunosuppressive treatment has severe side effects. It is known that some LT recipients develop immune tolerance, and although the development of such operational tolerance should allow a decrease in the burden of immunosuppressive drug treatment, the factors that indicate operational tolerance are not clear. This study aimed to monitor immunological markers over time in LT recipients to identify those markers indicating the development of operational tolerance...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Zimu Zhang, Zhenyi Xue, Ying Liu, Hongkun Liu, Xiangdong Guo, Yan Li, Hongwei Yang, Lijuan Zhang, Yurong Da, Zhi Yao, Rongxin Zhang
Among T helper (Th) cell subsets differentiated from naive CD4+ T cells, IL-17-producing Th17 cells are closely associated with the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and the MS animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The modulation of Th17 differentiation offers a potential avenue for treatment. Although a series of microRNAs (miRNAs) that modulate autoimmune disease development have been reported, further studies on miRNA roles in Th17 differentiation and MS pathogenesis are still warranted...
March 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Jeong-Eun Kwon, Seon-Yeong Lee, Hyeon-Beom Seo, Young-Mee Moon, Jun-Geol Ryu, Kyung-Ah Jung, Joo-Yeon Jhun, Jin-Sil Park, Soo-Seok Hwang, Joo-Myeong Kim, Gap Ryol Lee, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor that functions in cooperation with various cofactors to regulate gene expression. In the immune system, YY1 enhances cytokine production and T helper (Th) 2 effector cell differentiation, resulting in the activation of inflammation. However, no studies have reported the role of YY1 in Th17 cell regulation, which is implicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated the expression of YY1 in Th17 cells in vitro and revealed increased levels of YY1 mRNA and protein...
March 12, 2018: Immunology Letters
A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, F Ambrogi, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, J Grossmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, N Krammer, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Madlener, I Mikulec, E Pree, N Rad, H Rohringer, J Schieck, R Schöfbeck, M Spanring, D Spitzbart, W Waltenberger, J Wittmann, C-E Wulz, M Zarucki, V Chekhovsky, Y Dydyshka, J Suarez Gonzalez, E A De Wolf, D Di Croce, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, I De Bruyn, J De Clercq, K Deroover, G Flouris, D Lontkovskyi, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, Q Python, K Skovpen, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, D Beghin, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, B Dorney, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, E Starling, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, C Roskas, S Salva, M Tytgat, W Verbeke, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, C Caputo, A Caudron, P David, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, A Saggio, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, J Zobec, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, M Correa Martins Junior, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, E Coelho, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, M Melo De Almeida, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, L J Sanchez Rosas, A Santoro, A Sznajder, M Thiel, E J Tonelli Manganote, F Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Misheva, M Rodozov, M Shopova, G Sultanov, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, X Gao, L Yuan, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, C H Jiang, D Leggat, H Liao, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, E Yazgan, H Zhang, S Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, B Courbon, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, A Starodumov, T Susa, M W Ather, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, M A Mahmoud, A Mahrous, R K Dewanjee, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, H Kirschenmann, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, E Tuominen, J Tuominiemi, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, J L Faure, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, C Leloup, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, G Negro, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Ö Sahin, M Titov, A Abdulsalam, C Amendola, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, C Charlot, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, A Lobanov, J Martin Blanco, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, R Salerno, J B Sauvan, Y Sirois, A G Stahl Leiton, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, A Zghiche, J-L Agram, J Andrea, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, M Jansová, A-C Le Bihan, N Tonon, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, R Chierici, D Contardo, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fay, L Finco, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, S Viret, A Khvedelidze, Z Tsamalaidze, C Autermann, L Feld, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, M Preuten, C Schomakers, J Schulz, T Verlage, V Zhukov, A Albert, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, D Teyssier, S Thüer, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A Bermúdez Martínez, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, V Botta, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, A Grohsjean, P Gunnellini, M Guthoff, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, T Lenz, J Leonard, K Lipka, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, A Raspereza, B Roland, M Savitskyi, P Saxena, R Shevchenko, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, Y Wen, K Wichmann, C Wissing, O Zenaiev, R Aggleton, S Bein, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, A Hinzmann, M Hoffmann, A Karavdina, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, S Kurz, T Lapsien, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, J Sonneveld, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, S Baur, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, D Haitz, M A Harrendorf, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, F Kassel, S Kudella, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, G Karathanasis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, K Kousouris, I Evangelou, C Foudas, P Kokkas, S Mallios, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, J Strologas, F A Triantis, M Csanad, N Filipovic, G Pasztor, O Surányi, G I Veres, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, Á Hunyadi, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Choudhury, J R Komaragiri, S Bahinipati, S Bhowmik, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, N Dhingra, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, S Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, Aashaq Shah, A Bhardwaj, S Chauhan, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, K Ranjan, R Sharma, R Bhardwaj, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, U Bhawandeep, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhattacharya, S Chatterjee, P Das, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, F Errico, L Fiore, G Iaselli, S Lezki, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, A Sharma, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, L Borgonovi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, K Chatterjee, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, L Russo, G Sguazzoni, D Strom, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, E Robutti, S Tosi, A Benaglia, L Brianza, F Brivio, V Ciriolo, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, K Pauwels, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, N Redaelli, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, S Di Guida, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, W A Khan, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, M Biasotto, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, M Dall'Osso, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, P Lujan, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, R Rossin, F Simonetto, E Torassa, S Ventura, M Zanetti, P Zotto, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, M Ressegotti, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, M Biasini, G M Bilei, C Cecchi, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, E Manoni, G Mantovani, V Mariani, M Menichelli, A Rossi, A Santocchia, D Spiga, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, T Boccali, L Borrello, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, G Fedi, L Giannini, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, E Manca, G Mandorli, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, N Daci, D Del Re, E Di Marco, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, J Lee, S Lee, S W Lee, C S Moon, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, D H Moon, G Oh, J A Brochero Cifuentes, J Goh, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, J S Kim, H Lee, K Lee, K Nam, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, Y Choi, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, R Reyes-Almanza, G Ramirez-Sanchez, M C Duran-Osuna, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, R I Rabadan-Trejo, R Lopez-Fernandez, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M Górski, M Kazana, K Nawrocki, M Szleper, P Zalewski, K Bunkowski, A Byszuk, K Doroba, A Kalinowski, M Konecki, J Krolikowski, M Misiura, M Olszewski, A Pyskir, M Walczak, P Bargassa, C Beirão Da Cruz E Silva, A Di Francesco, P Faccioli, B Galinhas, M Gallinaro, J Hollar, N Leonardo, L Lloret Iglesias, M V Nemallapudi, J Seixas, G Strong, O Toldaiev, D Vadruccio, J Varela, S Afanasiev, P Bunin, M Gavrilenko, I Golutvin, I Gorbunov, A Kamenev, V Karjavin, A Lanev, A Malakhov, V Matveev, V Palichik, V Perelygin, S Shmatov, S Shulha, N Skatchkov, V Smirnov, N Voytishin, A Zarubin, Y Ivanov, V Kim, E Kuznetsova, P Levchenko, V Murzin, V Oreshkin, I Smirnov, V Sulimov, L Uvarov, S Vavilov, A Vorobyev, Yu Andreev, A Dermenev, S Gninenko, N Golubev, A Karneyeu, M Kirsanov, N Krasnikov, A Pashenkov, D Tlisov, A Toropin, V Epshteyn, V Gavrilov, N Lychkovskaya, V Popov, I Pozdnyakov, G Safronov, A Spiridonov, A Stepennov, M Toms, E Vlasov, A Zhokin, T Aushev, A Bylinkin, R Chistov, M Danilov, P Parygin, D Philippov, S Polikarpov, E Tarkovskii, V Andreev, M Azarkin, I Dremin, M Kirakosyan, A Terkulov, A Baskakov, A Belyaev, E Boos, M Dubinin, L Dudko, A Ershov, A Gribushin, V Klyukhin, O Kodolova, I Lokhtin, I Miagkov, S Obraztsov, S Petrushanko, V Savrin, A Snigirev, V Blinov, Y Skovpen, D Shtol, I Azhgirey, I Bayshev, S Bitioukov, D Elumakhov, V Kachanov, A Kalinin, D Konstantinov, P Mandrik, V Petrov, R Ryutin, A Sobol, S Troshin, N Tyurin, A Uzunian, A Volkov, P Adzic, P Cirkovic, D Devetak, M Dordevic, J Milosevic, V Rekovic, J Alcaraz Maestre, M Barrio Luna, M Cerrada, N Colino, B De La Cruz, A Delgado Peris, A Escalante Del Valle, C Fernandez Bedoya, J P Fernández Ramos, J Flix, M C Fouz, P Garcia-Abia, O Gonzalez Lopez, S Goy Lopez, J M Hernandez, M I Josa, D Moran, A Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, J Puerta Pelayo, A Quintario Olmeda, I Redondo, L Romero, M S Soares, A Álvarez Fernández, C Albajar, J F de Trocóniz, M Missiroli, J Cuevas, C Erice, J Fernandez Menendez, I Gonzalez Caballero, J R González Fernández, E Palencia Cortezon, S Sanchez Cruz, P Vischia, J M Vizan Garcia, I J Cabrillo, A Calderon, B Chazin Quero, E Curras, J Duarte Campderros, M Fernandez, J Garcia-Ferrero, G Gomez, A Lopez Virto, J Marco, C Martinez Rivero, P Martinez Ruiz Del Arbol, F Matorras, J Piedra Gomez, T Rodrigo, A Ruiz-Jimeno, L Scodellaro, N Trevisani, I Vila, R Vilar Cortabitarte, D Abbaneo, B Akgun, E Auffray, P Baillon, A H Ball, D Barney, M Bianco, P Bloch, A Bocci, C Botta, T Camporesi, R Castello, M Cepeda, G Cerminara, E Chapon, Y Chen, D d'Enterria, A Dabrowski, V Daponte, A David, M De Gruttola, A De Roeck, N Deelen, M Dobson, T du Pree, M Dünser, N Dupont, A Elliott-Peisert, P Everaerts, F Fallavollita, G Franzoni, J Fulcher, W Funk, D Gigi, A Gilbert, K Gill, F Glege, D Gulhan, P Harris, J Hegeman, V Innocente, A Jafari, P Janot, O Karacheban, J Kieseler, V Knünz, A Kornmayer, M J Kortelainen, M Krammer, C Lange, P Lecoq, C Lourenço, M T Lucchini, L 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Cussans, O Davignon, H Flacher, J Goldstein, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, D Smith, V J Smith, K W Bell, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, G Auzinger, R Bainbridge, J Borg, S Breeze, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, R Di Maria, A Elwood, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, T James, R Lane, C Laner, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, T Matsushita, J Nash, A Nikitenko, V Palladino, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, E Scott, C Seez, A Shtipliyski, S Summers, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, N Wardle, D Winterbottom, J Wright, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, S Zahid, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, C Smith, R Bartek, A Dominguez, A Buccilli, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, C West, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, D Cutts, A Garabedian, M Hadley, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, K H M Kwok, E Laird, G Landsberg, J Lee, Z Mao, M Narain, J Pazzini, S Piperov, S Sagir, R Syarif, D Yu, R Band, C Brainerd, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, S Shalhout, M Shi, J Smith, D Stolp, K Tos, M Tripathi, Z Wang, M Bachtis, C Bravo, R Cousins, A Dasgupta, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, N Mccoll, S Regnard, D Saltzberg, C Schnaible, V Valuev, E Bouvier, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, S M A Ghiasi Shirazi, G Hanson, J Heilman, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, W Si, L Wang, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, D Gilbert, B Hashemi, A Holzner, D Klein, G Kole, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, M Masciovecchio, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, N Amin, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, M Franco Sevilla, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, H Qu, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, J Yoo, D Anderson, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J M Lawhorn, H B Newman, T Nguyen, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, Z Zhang, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, T Ferguson, T Mudholkar, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, M Weinberg, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, S Leontsinis, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, J R Patterson, D Quach, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, S Abdullin, M Albrow, M Alyari, G Apollinari, A Apresyan, A Apyan, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, A Canepa, G B Cerati, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, M Cremonesi, J Duarte, V D Elvira, J Freeman, Z Gecse, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, D Lincoln, R Lipton, M Liu, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, B Schneider, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, J Strait, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, R D Field, I K Furic, S V Gleyzer, B M Joshi, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, K Kotov, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, K Shi, D Sperka, N Terentyev, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, Y R Joshi, S Linn, P Markowitz, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, T Adams, A Askew, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, T Kolberg, G Martinez, T Perry, H Prosper, A Saha, A Santra, V Sharma, R Yohay, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, R Cavanaugh, X Chen, O Evdokimov, C E Gerber, D A Hangal, D J Hofman, K Jung, J Kamin, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, M B Tonjes, H Trauger, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, C Mantilla, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, S Boren, J Bowen, J Castle, S Khalil, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, C Royon, S Sanders, E Schmitz, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, Y Feng, C Ferraioli, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, G Y Jeng, R G Kellogg, J Kunkle, A C Mignerey, F Ricci-Tam, Y H Shin, A Skuja, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, V Azzolini, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, M D'Alfonso, Z Demiragli, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, M Hu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, B Maier, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Tatar, D Velicanu, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, P Hansen, J Hiltbrand, S Kalafut, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, J Turkewitz, M A Wadud, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, K Bloom, D R Claes, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, I Kravchenko, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, J Dolen, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, D Nguyen, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, O Charaf, K A Hahn, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Loukas, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, G Smith, S Taroni, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, S Higginbotham, D Lange, J Luo, D Marlow, K Mei, I Ojalvo, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, C Tully, S Malik, S Norberg, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Das, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, A Khatiwada, D H Miller, N Neumeister, C C Peng, H Qiu, J F Schulte, J Sun, F Wang, W Xie, T Cheng, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, S Freed, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, M Kilpatrick, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, J Roberts, J Rorie, W Shi, Z Tu, J Zabel, A Zhang, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, R Ciesielski, K Goulianos, C Mesropian, A Agapitos, J P Chou, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, R Montalvo, K Nash, M Osherson, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, A G Delannoy, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Castaneda Hernandez, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, J Damgov, F De Guio, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, E Gurpinar, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, T Peltola, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, K Padeken, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, R Hirosky, M Joyce, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, R Harr, P E Karchin, N Poudyal, J Sturdy, P Thapa, S Zaleski, M Brodski, J Buchanan, C Caillol, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, U Hussain, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
An inclusive search for the standard model Higgs boson (H) produced with large transverse momentum (p_{T}) and decaying to a bottom quark-antiquark pair (bb[over ¯]) is performed using a data set of pp collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}. A highly Lorentz-boosted Higgs boson decaying to bb[over ¯] is reconstructed as a single, large radius jet, and it is identified using jet substructure and dedicated b tagging techniques...
February 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Ahmed M Elkady, Dana Cobzas, Hongfu Sun, Gregg Blevins, Alan H Wilman
BACKGROUND: Combined R2* and quantitative susceptibility (QS) has been previously used in cross-sectional multiple sclerosis (MS) studies to distinguish deep gray matter (DGM) iron accumulation and demyelination. PURPOSE: We propose and apply discriminative analysis of regional evolution (DARE) to define specific changes in MS and healthy DGM. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal (baseline and 2-year follow-up) retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-seven relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 17 progressive MS (PMS), and corresponding age-matched healthy subjects...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Fatma M Mahmoud, Nadia M ElSheshtawy, Wafaa K Zaki, Dina M Zamzam, Nehal M Fahim
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic multifocal inflammatory demyelinating disease. One of the main cells that play a crucial role in pathogenesis of MS is T helper 17 (Th 17). There are growing interests in nominating microRNAs in Th17 cell differentiation and suggesting new therapeutic modalities. The aim of the study was to assess microRNA 26a (miR26a) expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of relapsing - remitting MS patients as compared to healthy control subjects and examine association of these levels with serum IL17...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Ana Laura Fitas, Catarina Martins, Luís Miguel Borrego, Lurdes Lopes, Anne Jörns, Sigurd Lenzen, Catarina Limbert
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) develops in distinct stages, before and after disease onset. Whether the natural course translates into different immunologic patterns is still uncertain. This study aimed at identifying peripheral immune patterns at key time-points, in T1D children undergoing remission phase. METHODS: Children with new-onset T1D and healthy age and gender-matched controls were recruited at a paediatric hospital. Peripheral blood samples were evaluated by flow cytometry at three longitudinal time-points: onset (T1), remission phase (T2) and established disease (T3)...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
Marta Consuegra-Fernández, Feng Lin, David A Fox, Francisco Lozano
CD6 is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed by most T cells and a subset of B cells that has incompletely-defined roles in regulation of lymphocyte development, selection, activation and differentiation. The two main known mammalian CD6 ligands, CD166/ALCAM and the very recently reported CD318, are widely expressed by both immune cells and a wide range of other cell types, including various epithelial and mesenchymal cell types, as well as many neoplasms. Moreover, CD6 is also a receptor for several pathogen- and damage-associated molecular patterns...
March 8, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
Lukas Stoiber, Felix Mahfoud, Seyedeh Mahsa Zamani, Tomas Lapinskas, Michael Böhm, Sebastian Ewen, Saarraaken Kulenthiran, Markus P Schlaich, Murray D Esler, Tommy Hammer, Knut Haakon Stensæth, Burkert Pieske, Stephan Dreysse, Eckart Fleck, Titus Kühne, Marcus Kelm, Philipp Stawowy, Sebastian Kelle
Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) is under investigation as a treatment option in patients with resistant hypertension (RH). Determinants of arterial compliance may, however, help to predict the BP response to therapy. Aortic distensibility (AD) is a well-established parameter of aortic stiffness and can reliably be obtained by CMR. This analysis sought to investigate the effects of RDN on AD and to assess the predictive value of pre-treatment AD for BP changes. We analyzed data of 65 patients with RH included in a multicenter trial...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Abbas Ahmadi-Vasmehjani, Rasoul Baharlou, Mohammad Reza Atashzar, Rahim Raofi, Mohammad Jafari, Faezeh-Sadat Razavi
Asthma prevalence and severity are greater in women than in men, and mounting evidence suggests this is in part related to female steroid sex hormones. Conflicting data are reported regarding pro- and anti-inflammatory properties of estradiol. This study was designed to clarify whether estradiol may contribute to enhanced T helper (Th) 17-associated cytokines production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in asthmatic patients and healthy individuals. PBMCs from patients with asthma and healthy donors were cultured with 17-β estradiol (E2) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Jingru Sun, Shengguo Yi, Lei Qiu, Wenjing Fu, Anqi Wang, Fengjie Liu, Lin Wang, Tingting Wang, Hao Chen, Lei Wang, Marshall E Kadin, Ping Tu, Yang Wang
Cutaneous CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder (CD30+LPDs), including lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) and primary cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (PCALCL), comprises the second most common group of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Previously, we reported that special AT-rich sequence-binding protein1 (SATB1), a thymocyte specific chromatin organizer, was over-expressed and promoted malignant T-cell proliferation in a portion of CD30+LPDs. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of SATB1 in CD30+LPDs with a large cohort of patient samples, and examined the potential of SATB1 as a molecular marker to classify CD30+LPDs with differential clinicopathological behaviors...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Jata Shankar, Gustavo C Cerqueira, Jennifer R Wortman, Karl V Clemons, David A Stevens
With the increasing numbers of immunocompromised hosts, Aspergillus fumigatus emerges as a lethal opportunistic fungal pathogen. Understanding innate and acquired immunity responses of the host is important for a better therapeutic strategy to deal with aspergillosis patients. To determine the transcriptome in the kidneys in aspergillosis, we employed RNA-Seq to obtain single 76-base reads of whole-genome transcripts of murine kidneys on a temporal basis (days 0; uninfected, 1, 2, 3 and 8) during invasive aspergillosis...
March 2, 2018: Mycopathologia
Dirk Baumjohann
T helper (Th) cells are critically involved in adaptive immune responses against various pathogens. In contrast, dysregulated T helper cell responses are associated with a variety of diseases, including autoimmunity, allergies, and cancer. Differentiation of naïve CD4+ T cells into effector T helper cell subsets, including Th1, Th2, Th17, Treg, and Tfh, requires precise dosing of signaling molecules and transcription factors. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are small endogenously expressed RNAs that regulate gene expression, play important roles in these processes...
February 27, 2018: Cancer Letters
Gianfranco Caselli, Albino Bonazzi, Marco Lanza, Flora Ferrari, Daniele Maggioni, Cristian Ferioli, Roberto Giambelli, Eleonora Comi, Silvia Zerbi, Marco Perrella, Ornella Letari, Elena Di Luccio, Milena Colovic, Stefano Persiani, Tiziano Zanelli, Laura Mennuni, Tiziana Piepoli, Lucio Claudio Rovati
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 ) acts via its EP4 receptor as a cytokine amplifier (e.g., interleukin [IL]-6) and induces the differentiation and expansion of inflammatory T-helper (Th) lymphocytes. These mechanisms play a key role in the onset and progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We present the pharmacological characterisation of CR6086, a novel EP4 receptor antagonist, and provide evidence for its potential as a disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD). METHODS: CR6086 affinity and pharmacodynamics were studied in EP4-expressing HEK293 cells by radioligand binding and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Ruxandra I Sava, Keith L March, Carl J Pepine
Pregnancy-related hypertension (PHTN) syndromes are a frequent and potentially deadly complication of pregnancy, while also negatively impacting the lifelong health of the mother and child. PHTN appears in women likely to develop hypertension later in life, with the stress of pregnancy unmasking a subclinical hypertensive phenotype. However, distinguishing between PHTN and chronic hypertension is essential for optimal management. Preeclampsia (PE) is linked to potentially severe outcomes and lacks effective treatments due to poorly understood mechanisms...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
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