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Nursing model of care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640718/setting-up-recovery-clinics-and-promoting-service-user-involvement
#1
Thomas John
Service user involvement in mental health has gained considerable momentum. Evidence from the literature suggests that it remains largely theoretical rather than being put into practice. The current nature of acute inpatient mental health units creates various challenges for nurses to put this concept into practice. Recovery clinics were introduced to bridge this gap and to promote service user involvement practice within the current care delivery model at Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635976/supporting-change-in-oncology-nursing-practice-in-kuwait
#2
Veronica Nickerson, Jennifer Deering, Suha Alazmei
As countries around the world struggle to provide oncology care and treatment to their populations, nurses, as the largest healthcare workforce, are faced with the challenge of obtaining, maintaining, and developing specialized oncology nursing knowledge and expertise. Strategies that can be deployed at a local level to support nurses with integrating new knowledge into practice are important in meeting and overcoming this challenge. This article describes a theory-based model for implementing oncology nursing best practices in the Middle Eastern country of Kuwait...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635974/conceptual-issues-surrounding-quality-of-life-in-oncology-nursing
#3
Marie Flannery
Quality of life (QOL) is a critical, prevalent, and enduring concept in oncology nursing research and practice. QOL is a paramount issue in the consideration of treatment, goal planning, and decision making for individuals with cancer, their families, and their care providers. Journals, well-developed valid and reliable instruments, and multiple conceptual models and frameworks are devoted to QOL. This column will review two broad conceptual aspects to consider in relation to QOL. First, conceptual considerations will be discussed for the definition and measurement of QOL...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635526/a-randomized-lifestyle-intervention-preventing-gestational-diabetes-effects-on-self-rated-health-from-pregnancy-to-postpartum
#4
Elina Engberg, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Kristiina Rönö, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson, Saila B Koivusalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to examine the effects of a randomized lifestyle intervention on self-rated health from pregnancy to postpartum in participants at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We included 266 women with a history of gestational diabetes and/or prepregnancy BMI ≥30 kg/m(2). The intervention group (n = 144) received individualized counseling on diet, physical activity, and weight management from trained nurses at six timepoints between the first trimester of pregnancy and 12 months postpartum, and met three times with a dietitian...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635480/leadership-styles-in-nursing
#5
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are often asked to think about leadership, particularly in times of rapid change in healthcare, and where questions have been raised about whether leaders and managers have adequate insight into the requirements of care. This article discusses several leadership styles relevant to contemporary healthcare and nursing practice. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. Leadership knowledge and skills can be improved through training, where, rather than having to undertake formal leadership roles without adequate preparation, nurses are able to learn, nurture, model and develop effective leadership behaviours, ultimately improving nursing staff retention and enhancing the delivery of safe and effective care...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#6
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632535/perioperative-surgical-home-evaluation-of-a-new-protocol-focused-on-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-manage-children-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-operation
#7
Eugene Kim, Brian Lee, Giovanni Cucchiaro
BACKGROUND: The concept of Perioperative Surgical Home has been gaining significant attention in surgical centers. This model is delivering and improving coordinated care in a cost-effective manner to patients undergoing surgical procedures. It starts with the decision for surgical intervention, continues to the intraoperative and postoperative periods, and follows into long-term recovery. Constant re-evaluation of outcomes and modifications of delivery provides a feedback loop for improvement...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632251/effects-of-nurse-led-telephone-based-supportive-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
Soon-Rim Suh, Myung Kyung Lee
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To evaluate the effects of nurse-led telephone-based supportive interventions (NTSIs) for patients with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic databases, including EMBASE®, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, 
Cochrane Library CENTRAL, ProQuest Medical Library, and CINAHL®, were searched through February 2016.
. DATA EVALUATION: 239 studies were identified; 16 were suitable for meta-analysis. Cochrane's risk of bias tool and the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software were used...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632241/nursing-support-of-home-hospice-caregivers-on-the-day-of-patient-death
#9
Margaret F Clayton, Jennifer Hulett, Kirandeep Kaur, Maija Reblin, Andrew Wilson, Lee Ellington
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe nurse-caregiver communication on the day of patient death.
. DESIGN: A descriptive secondary analysis of 44 audio-recorded home hospice nursing visits on day of death.
. SETTING: Nine hospices in Utah, Oregon, and Massachusetts.
. SAMPLE: 42 caregiver-patient dyads, 27 hospice nurses.
. METHODS: Transcripts of audio recordings were coded for supportive nursing communication and relative time spent in physical, psychosocial, and spiritual discussion...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632238/attitudes-among-nurses-toward-the-integration-of-complementary-medicine-into-supportive-cancer-care
#10
Eran Ben-Arye, Bella Shulman, Yael Eilon, Rachel Woitiz, Victoria Cherniak, Ilanit Shalom Sharabi, Osnat Sher, Hiba Reches, Yfat Katz, Michal Arad, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels, Ofer Caspi, Shahar Lev-Ari, Moshe Frenkel, Abed Agbarya, Hana Admi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the attitudes of nurses treating patients with cancer regarding the use of complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) therapies to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life (QOL). 
. DESIGN: Prospective and descriptive.
 
. SETTING: 12 hospital and community care settings in Israel. 
. SAMPLE: 973 nurses working in oncology and non-oncology departments.
. METHODS: A 26-item questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of nurses treating patients with cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631875/nursing-assessment-as-an-effective-tool-for-the-identification-of-delirium-risk-in-older-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#11
Elena Solà-Miravete, Carlos López, Estrella Martínez-Segura, Mireia Adell-Lleixà, Maria Eulàlia Juvé-Udina, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño
AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of comprehensive nursing assessment as a strategy for determining the risk of delirium in older in-patients from a model of care needs based on variables easily measured by nurses. BACKGROUND: There are many scales of assessment and prediction of risk of delirium, but they are little known and infrequently used by professionals. Recognition of delirium by doctors and nurses continues to be limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-control study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631275/a-typology-of-interprofessional-teamwork-in-acute-geriatric-care-a-study-in-55-units-in-belgium
#12
Ruth D Piers, Karen J J Versluys, Johan Devoghel, Sophie Lambrecht, André Vyt, Nele J Van Den Noortgate
OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of interprofessional teamwork in acute geriatric care and to build a model of team types. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study. SETTING: Acute geriatric units in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Team members of different professional backgrounds. MEASUREMENTS: Perceptions of interprofessional teamwork among team members of 55 acute geriatric units in Belgium were measured using a survey covering collaborative practice and experience, managerial coaching and open team culture, shared reflection and decision-making, patient files facilitating teamwork, members' belief in the power of teamwork, and members' comfort in reporting incidents...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630952/estimating-patient-s-health-state-using-latent-structure-inferred-from-clinical-time-series-and-text
#13
Aaron Zalewski, William Long, Alistair E W Johnson, Roger G Mark, Li-Wei H Lehman
Modern intensive care units (ICUs) collect large volumes of data in monitoring critically ill patients. Clinicians in the ICUs face the challenge of interpreting large volumes of high-dimensional data to diagnose and treat patients. In this work, we explore the use of Hierarchical Dirichlet Processes (HDP) as a Bayesian nonparametric framework to infer patients' states of health by combining multiple sources of data. In particular, we employ HDP to combine clinical time series and text from the nursing progress notes in a probabilistic topic modeling framework for patient risk stratification...
February 2017: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629716/psychosocial-factors-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-work-related-fatigue-amongst-nurses-in-brunei-structural-equation-model-approach
#14
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin, Lin Naing
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related fatigue have adverse effects on individual nurses and place a substantial financial burden on health care. Evidence of an association has been reported in the literature, but no theoretical explanation has been published to date. AIM: To explore and develop a structural model to provide a theoretical explanation for this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from 201 valid samples of emergency and critical care nurses across public hospitals in Brunei was performed via self-administered questionnaire...
June 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629510/screening-strategies-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#15
Nicky J Welton, Alexandra McAleenan, Howard Hz Thom, Philippa Davies, Will Hollingworth, Julian Pt Higgins, George Okoli, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Gene Feder, Diane Eaton, Aroon Hingorani, Christopher Fawsitt, Trudie Lobban, Peter Bryden, Alison Richards, Reecha Sofat
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia that increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation therapy to prevent AF-related stroke has been shown to be cost-effective. A national screening programme for AF may prevent AF-related events, but would involve a substantial investment of NHS resources. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of screening tests for AF, update a systematic review of comparative studies evaluating screening strategies for AF, develop an economic model to compare the cost-effectiveness of different screening strategies and review observational studies of AF screening to provide inputs to the model...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#16
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626086/nursing-skill-mix-in-european-hospitals-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-with-mortality-patient-ratings-and-quality-of-care
#17
Linda H Aiken, Douglas Sloane, Peter Griffiths, Anne Marie Rafferty, Luk Bruyneel, Matthew McHugh, Claudia B Maier, Teresa Moreno-Casbas, Jane E Ball, Dietmar Ausserhofer, Walter Sermeus
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of hospital nursing skill mix with patient mortality, patient ratings of their care and indicators of quality of care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional patient discharge data, hospital characteristics and nurse and patient survey data were merged and analysed using generalised estimating equations (GEE) and logistic regression models. SETTING: Adult acute care hospitals in Belgium, England, Finland, Ireland, Spain and Switzerland...
July 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624898/improving-diabetes-care-at-primary-care-level-with-a-multistrategic-approach-results-of-the-diaprem-programme
#18
Mariana Prestes, Maria A Gayarre, Jorge F Elgart, Lorena Gonzalez, Enzo Rucci, Jose M Paganini, Juan J Gagliardino
AIM: To present results, 1 year postimplementation at primary care level, of an integrated diabetes care programme including systemic changes, education, registry (clinical, metabolic, and therapeutic indicators), and disease management (DIAPREM). METHODS: We randomly selected and trained 15 physicians and 15 nurses from primary care units of La Matanza County (intervention-IG) and another 15 physicians/nurses to participate as controls (control-CG). Each physician-nurse team controlled and followed up 10 patients with type 2 diabetes for 1 year; both groups used structured medical records...
June 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624338/heart-transplant-centers-with-multidisciplinary-team-show-a-higher-level-of-chronic-illness-management-findings-from-the-international-bright-study
#19
Maan Isabella Cajita, Eva Baumgartner, Lut Berben, Kris Denhaerynck, Remon Helmy, Sandra Schönfeld, Gabriele Berger, Christine Vetter, Fabienne Dobbels, Cynthia L Russell, Sabina De Geest
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) explore the proportion of HTx centers that have a multidisciplinary team and (2) assess the relationship between multidisciplinarity and the level of chronic illness management (CIM). BACKGROUND: The International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) recommends a multidisciplinary approach in heart transplant (HTx) follow-up care but little is known regarding the proportion of HTx centers that meet this recommendation and the impact on patient care...
June 14, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623385/juvenile-social-isolation-affects-maternal-care-in-rats-involvement-of-allopregnanolone
#20
Maria Giuseppina Pisu, Giorgia Boero, Francesca Biggio, Anna Garau, Daniela Corda, Mauro Congiu, Alessandra Concas, Patrizia Porcu, Mariangela Serra
RATIONALE: Social isolation of rats immediately after weaning is thought to represent an animal model of anxiety-like disorders. Socially isolated virgin females showed a significant decrease in allopregnanolone levels, associated with increased anxiety-related behavior compared with group-housed rats. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates whether post-weaning social isolation affects maternal behavior and assesses neuroactive steroid levels in adult female rats during pregnancy and postpartum...
June 16, 2017: Psychopharmacology
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