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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542693/macular-sensitivity-measured-with-microperimetry-in-stargardt-disease-in-the-progression-of-atrophy-secondary-to-stargardt-disease-progstar-study-report-no-7
#1
Etienne M Schönbach, Yulia Wolfson, Rupert W Strauss, Mohamed A Ibrahim, Xiangrong Kong, Beatriz Muñoz, David G Birch, Artur V Cideciyan, Gesa-Astrid Hahn, Muneeswar Nittala, Janet S Sunness, SriniVas R Sadda, Sheila K West, Hendrik P N Scholl
Importance: New outcome measures for treatment trials for Stargardt disease type 1 (STGD1) and other macular diseases are needed. Microperimetry allows mapping of light sensitivity of the macula and provides topographic information on visual function beyond visual acuity. Objective: To measure and analyze retinal light sensitivity of the macula in STGD1 using fundus-controlled perimetry (microperimetry). Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a multicenter prospective cohort study...
May 25, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542676/detailed-clinical-phenotype-and-molecular-genetic-findings-in-cln3-associated-isolated-retinal-degeneration
#2
Cristy A Ku, Sarah Hull, Gavin Arno, Ajoy Vincent, Keren Carss, Robert Kayton, Douglas Weeks, Glenn W Anderson, Ryan Geraets, Camille Parker, David A Pearce, Michel Michaelides, Robert E MacLaren, Anthony G Robson, Graham E Holder, Elise Heon, F Lucy Raymond, Anthony T Moore, Andrew R Webster, Mark E Pennesi
Importance: Mutations in genes traditionally associated with syndromic retinal disease are increasingly found to cause nonsyndromic inherited retinal degenerations. Mutations in CLN3 are classically associated with juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, a rare neurodegenerative disease with early retinal degeneration and progressive neurologic deterioration, but have recently also been identified in patients with nonsyndromic inherited retinal degenerations. To our knowledge, detailed clinical characterization of such cases has yet to be reported...
May 25, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542257/long-term-results-after-limited-macular-translocation-surgery-for-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Hisaaki Oshima, Takeshi Iwase, Kohei Ishikawa, Kentaro Yamamoto, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of limited macular translocation (LMT) surgery with radial chorioscleral outfolding in patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In addition, to identify the factors associated with the final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). METHODS: The medical records of 20 eyes of 20 consecutive patients (65.2±9.8 years) who had undergone LMT for the treatment of wet AMD and were followed for at least 5 years, were reviewed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540655/a-review-of-subthreshold-micropulse-laser-for-treatment-of-macular-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Paula Scholz, Lebriz Altay, Sascha Fauser
Micropulse laser treatment is an alternative to the conventional continuous-wave laser for the treatment of retinal or macular diseases. In contrast to the conventional laser, the therapeutic effect of the subthreshold micropulse laser is not accompanied by thermal retinal damage. This fact is of particular importance when a treatment near the fovea is required. Micropulse treatment is applied in indications such as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), diabetic macular edema (DME), or macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion (RVO)...
May 24, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539394/automatic-and-intentional-influences-on-saccade-landing
#5
David Aagten-Murphy, Paul M Bays
Saccadic eye-movements enable us to rapidly direct our high-resolution fovea onto relevant parts of the visual world. However, while we can intentionally select a location as a saccade target, the wider visual scene also influences our executed movements. In the presence of multiple objects, eye-movements may be "captured" to the location of a distractor object, or be biased towards the intermediate position between objects (the "global effect"). Here we examined how the relative strengths of the global effect and visual object capture changed with saccade latency, the separation between visual items and stimulus contrast...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538263/better-prognosis-for-eyes-with-preserved-foveal-depression-after-intravitreal-ranibizumab-injection-for-macular-edema-secondary-to-central-retinal-vein-occlusion
#6
Shuta Kitagawa, Shunsuke Yasuda, Yasuki Ito, Shinji Ueno, Takeshi Iwase, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To determine the prognosis of eyes with central retinal vein occlusion that had a preserved foveal depression at the baseline and were treated by intravitreal ranibizumab injections (IRIs). METHODS: The authors reviewed the medical records of 23 eyes of 23 consecutive treatment-naive patients who received IRIs to treat the macular edema due to central retinal vein occlusion. Eyes were classified by the pre-IRI presence or absence of a foveal depression...
May 18, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536656/visual-rehabilitation-via-microperimetry-in-patients-with-geographic-atrophy-a-pilot-study
#7
Juan Abel Ramírez Estudillo, Mario Isaías León Higuera, Sergio Rojas Juárez, Maria de Lourdes Ordaz Vera, Yessica Pablo Santana, Benito Celis Suazo
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the western world. As a consequence of AMD, patients develop structural damage that comprises the fovea and subsequently present loss of central vision, low visual acuity and unstable fixation. Contrary to what happens with anti-angiogenic treatment in neovascular AMD, there is currently no definitive treatment to reverse geographic atrophy progression. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the visual rehabilitation treatment via microperimetry in patients with geographic atrophy...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524928/properties-of-visual-field-defects-around-the-monocular-preferred-retinal-locus-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#8
Jonathan Denniss, Helen C Baggaley, Graham M Brown, Gary S Rubin, Andrew T Astle
Purpose: To compare microperimetric sensitivity around the monocular preferred retinal locus (mPRL) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) to normative data, and to describe the characteristics of visual field defects around the mPRL in AMD. Methods: Participants with AMD (total n = 185) were either prospectively recruited (n = 135) or retrospectively reviewed from an existing database (n = 50). Participants underwent microperimetry using a test pattern (37 point, 5° radius) centered on their mPRL...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524134/-oct-morphometric-and-angiographic-parallels-between-different-variants-of-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#9
I E Panova, T B Shaimov, V A Shaimova
Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a frequent cause of vision deterioration. Often it is associated with type 1 neovascularization under the pigment retinal epithelium (RPE). Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-angiography) enables non-invasive and contrast-free detection of neovessels in any retinal layer, which makes the method appropriate for diagnostics in CSCR. AIM: to investigate OCT-morphometric and angiographic parallels between different CSCR courses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 37 patients with CSCR...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521331/retinal-deep-capillary-ischemia-associated-with-an-occluded-congenital-retinal-macrovessel
#10
Taiji Hasegawa, Nahoko Ogata
PURPOSE: To report the case of a patient with an occluded congenital retinal macrovessel accompanied by retinal deep capillary ischemia. METHODS: A 38-year-old woman presented with a 2-day history of a paracentral scotoma of her right eye. RESULTS: Fundus photograph showed a dilated congenital retinal macrovessel with arteriovenous anastomosis, an intravascular white region indicating the thrombus at arteriovenous anastomotic region, and an area of retinal whitening temporal to the fovea...
July 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514631/the-hawk-eyed-songbird-retinal-morphology-eye-shape-and-visual-fields-of-an-aerial-insectivore
#11
Luke P Tyrrell, Esteban Fernández-Juricic
Swallows are a unique group of songbirds because they are active-pursuit predators that execute all aspects of hunting prey in flight: search, detection, pursuit, and capture. We show that swallows have evolved a visual system that is unlike that of any other studied songbird. Swallows have a bifoveate retina that provides sharp lateral and frontal vision, an unusually long eye that enhances spatial resolution, a large posterior blind area, and a narrow binocular field. We also show that swallows and diurnal raptors (hawks and falcons) have converged on a similar visual configuration but that, interestingly, predatory songbirds that ambush prey (flycatchers) have not converged on the same suite of traits...
June 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505012/correlation-of-clinical-and-structural-progression-with-visual-acuity-loss-in-macular-telangiectasia-type-2-mactel-project-report-no-6-the-mactel-research-group
#12
Tunde Peto, Tjebo F C Heeren, Traci E Clemons, Ferenc B Sallo, Irene Leung, Emily Y Chew, Alan C Bird
PURPOSE: To evaluate progression of macular telangiectasia Type 2 lesions and their correlation with visual acuity. METHODS: An international multicenter prospective study with annual examinations including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography images graded centrally. Mixed models were used to estimate progression rates, and a generalized linear model to compute the relative risk of BCVA loss, loss of ellipsoid zone (EZ) reflectivity, development of pigment plaques, or neovascularization...
May 11, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501377/structural-changes-associated-with-delayed-dark-adaptation-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Inês Laíns, John B Miller, Dong H Park, Edem Tsikata, Samaneh Davoudi, Safa Rahmani, Jonathan Pierce, Rufino Silva, Teresa C Chen, Ivana K Kim, Demetrios Vavvas, Joan W Miller, Deeba Husain
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between dark adaptation (DA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based macular morphology in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with AMD and a comparison group (>50 years) without any vitreoretinal disease. METHODS: All participants were imaged with spectral-domain OCT and color fundus photographs, and then staged for AMD (Age-related Eye Disease Study system)...
May 10, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499747/preoperative-posturing-of-patients-with-macula-on-retinal-detachment-reduces-progression-toward-the-fovea
#14
Jan H de Jong, Juan P Vigueras-Guillén, Tiarah C Simon, Reinier Timman, Tunde Peto, Koenraad A Vermeer, Jan C van Meurs
PURPOSE: Traditionally, preoperative posturing consisting of bed rest and positioning is prescribed to patients with macula-on retinal detachment (RD) to prevent RD progression and detachment of the fovea. Execution of such advice can be cumbersome and expensive. This study aimed to investigate if preoperative posturing affects the progression of RD. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight patients with macula-on RD were included...
May 9, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499050/swept-source-oct-visualization-of-macular-hole-closure-in-gas-filled-eyes
#15
Daniel Q Li, Netan Choudhry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in visualizing macular hole (MH) closure through gas-filled eyes on postoperative day (POD) 1 using a dual scanning protocol. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 30 consecutive patients with full-thickness MH who underwent standard vitrectomy with SF6 (25%) gas tamponade between July 2015 and April 2016. SS-OCT imaging was performed using horizontal raster and 16-line radial scans with manual delicate focusing to evaluate MH closure status...
May 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499049/quantitative-comparison-of-swept-source-and-spectral-domain-oct-angiography-in-healthy-eyes
#16
Mayss Al-Sheikh, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Tudor C Tepelus, SriniVas R Sadda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare macular vessel density (VD) and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in healthy individuals using two different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) devices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, comparative study, 25 eyes of 14 healthy subjects underwent fovea-centered 3 mm × 3 mm OCTA-imaging using the Triton (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) and RS-3000 (Nidek, Gamagori, Japan) OCTA devices. Superficial and deep retinal layers (SRL/DRL) and FAZ were manually graded after threshold standardization to determine macular VD and area of the FAZ...
May 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499048/three-different-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-measurement-methods-for-assessing-capillary-density-changes-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#17
Alexandre Pedinielli, Sophie Bonnin, Mohamed El Sanharawi, Valérie Mané, Ali Erginay, Aude Couturier, Ramin Tadayoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare capillary density (CD) changes assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) during diabetic retinopathy (DR) progression using three previously published methods: binarization, skeletonization, and automated flow density (AFD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 98 eyes of 74 patients with diabetes and 18 control eyes imaged using OCTA. The macular CD at each stage of DR was assessed using the three methods and were compared to control eyes...
May 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494562/-intraoperative-risk-factors-associated-with-visual-acuity-outcomes-of-pars-plana-vitrectomy-in-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane
#18
H H Li, X Liao, C L Xie, X R Gao, H Wang, F Wang
Objective: To evaluate intraoperative risk factors related to the postoperative visual acuity in idiopathic epiretinal membrane (IERM) . Methods: According to the well-established study criterion, a retrospective observational study was carried out on 37 eyes of 37 patients with epiretinal membrane peeling surgery for IERM between January 2014 and January 2015. Intraoperative situations during membrane peeling were documented, including complexity of operation, superficial hemorrhage and the state of indocyanine green (ICG) staining...
May 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494494/multifocal-erg-responses-in-subjects-with-a-history-of-preterm-birth
#19
Pablo Altschwager, Anne Moskowitz, Anne B Fulton, Ronald M Hansen
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess cone-mediated central retinal function in children with a history of preterm birth, including subjects with and without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). The multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) records activity of the postreceptor retinal circuitry. Methods: mfERG responses were recorded to an array of 103 hexagonal elements that subtended 43° around a central fixation target. The amplitude and latency of the first negative (N1) and first positive (P1) response were evaluated in six concentric rings centered on the fovea...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481929/horizontal-and-vertical-optic-disc-rotation-the-beijing-eye-study
#20
Yuan Yuan Fan, Jost B Jonas, Ya Xing Wang, Chang Xi Chen, Wen Bin Wei
PURPOSE: To measure the optic disc rotation around the vertical and horizontal disc axis and to evaluate associations with general and ocular parameters. DESIGN: Population-based study. METHODS: In the Beijing Eye Study, 3468 participants (mean age:64.6±9.8 years; range:50-93 years) underwent an ophthalmological examination which included spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) with enhanced depth imaging. Using the OCT images, we determined the amount of the rotation of the optic disc (defined as Bruch´s membrane opening (BMO)) around the vertical axis and horizontal axis...
2017: PloS One
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