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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#1
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800717/multidimensional-inventory-of-hypochondriacal-traits-an-examination-of-a-bifactor-model-and-measurement-invariance-between-those-with-and-without-a-self-reported-medical-condition
#2
Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Fergus
The Multidimensional Inventory of Hypochondriacal Traits (MIHT) is a self-report measure that assesses four interrelated domains of health anxiety (i.e., Cognitive, Behavioral, Perceptual, Affective). Prior research has supported a correlated four-factor model, as well as a hierarchical model, in which each of the four factors load onto the higher order health anxiety construct. However, a bifactor modeling approach has yet to be used to examine the factor structure of the MIHT. Results supported a bifactor model of the MIHT in three different samples (i...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799399/nucleation-barrier-reconstruction-via-the-seeding-method-in-a-lattice-model-with-competing-nucleation-pathways
#3
Yuri Lifanov, Bart Vorselaars, David Quigley
We study a three-species analogue of the Potts lattice gas model of nucleation from solution in a regime where partially disordered solute is a viable thermodynamic phase. Using a multicanonical sampling protocol, we compute phase diagrams for the system, from which we determine a parameter regime where the partially disordered phase is metastable almost everywhere in the temperature-fugacity plane. The resulting model shows non-trivial nucleation and growth behaviour, which we examine via multidimensional free energy calculations...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799207/the-relation-between-cognitive-and-metacognitive-strategic-processing-during-a-science-simulation
#4
Daniel L Dinsmore, Brian P Zoellner
BACKGROUND: This investigation was designed to uncover the relations between students' cognitive and metacognitive strategies used during a complex climate simulation. While cognitive strategy use during science inquiry has been studied, the factors related to this strategy use, such as concurrent metacognition, prior knowledge, and prior interest, have not been investigated in a multidimensional fashion. AIMS: This study addressed current issues in strategy research by examining not only how metacognitive, surface-level, and deep-level strategies influence performance, but also how these strategies related to each other during a contextually relevant science simulation...
August 10, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797177/predictors-of-post-traumatic-growth-in-stroke-survivors
#5
Grace Kelly, Reg Morris, Hamsaraj Shetty
PURPOSE: The development of post-traumatic growth was studied longitudinally within 14 months poststroke. The predictions of two models of post-traumatic growth were examined. METHOD: Forty-three stroke survivors were investigated at two time points (i.e., time 1 and time 2), six months apart. Each completed the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory, Rumination Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, the Barthel Index and the COPE scale...
August 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794061/socioeconomic-position-and-markers-of-adiposity-among-female-teachers-in-mexico
#6
Kelly A Hirko, Martin Lajous, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Paul J Christine, Felice Lȇ-Scherban, Megan S Rice, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Occupation is often used as an indicator of socioeconomic position (SEP) in epidemiological studies, although it is unclear whether variation in SEP within a single occupational group is associated with health outcomes, including adiposity measures. METHODS: We created a multidimensional SEP index using principal component analysis based on self-reported data from 36 704 female teachers in Mexico from 2008 to 2011. Multivariable Poisson regression models with robust variance were used to evaluate cross-sectional associations of SEP and markers of adiposity, including obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2)), elevated waist-to-hip ratio (WHR >85) and high waist circumference (WC >88 cm)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793227/the-design-space-of-the-embryonic-cell-cycle-oscillator
#7
Henry H Mattingly, Moshe Sheintuch, Stanislav Y Shvartsman
One of the main tasks in the analysis of models of biomolecular networks is to characterize the domain of the parameter space that corresponds to a specific behavior. Given the large number of parameters in most models, this is no trivial task. We use a model of the embryonic cell cycle to illustrate the approaches that can be used to characterize the domain of parameter space corresponding to limit cycle oscillations, a regime that coordinates periodic entry into and exit from mitosis. Our approach relies on geometric construction of bifurcation sets, numerical continuation, and random sampling of parameters...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782083/current-challenges-in-translating-tissue-engineered-heart-valves
#8
REVIEW
O M J A Stassen, D E P Muylaert, C V C Bouten, J Hjortnaes
Heart valve disease is a major health burden, treated by either valve repair or valve replacement, depending on the affected valve. Nearly 300,000 valve replacements are performed worldwide per year. Valve replacement is lifesaving, but not without complications. The in situ tissue-engineered heart valve is a promising alternative to current treatments, but the translation of this novel technology to the clinic still faces several challenges. These challenges originate from the variety encountered in the patient population, the conversion of an implant into a living tissue, the highly mechanical nature of the heart valve, the complex homeostatic tissue that has to be reached at the end stage of the regenerating heart valve, and all the biomaterial properties that can be controlled to obtain this tissue...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780728/predictive-model-of-complexity-in-early-palliative-care-a-cohort-of-advanced-cancer-patients-palcom-study
#9
Albert Tuca, Mónica Gómez-Martínez, Aleix Prat
PROPOSAL: Model of early palliative care (PC) integrated in oncology is based on shared care from the diagnosis to the end of life and is mainly focused on patients with greater complexity. However, there is no definition or tools to evaluate PC complexity. The objectives of the study were to identify the factors influencing level determination of complexity, propose predictive models, and build a complexity scale of PC. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We performed a prospective, observational, multicenter study in a cohort of advanced cancer patients with an estimated prognosis ≤ 6 months...
August 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777201/role-stress-and-emotional-exhaustion-among-health-care-workers-the-buffering-effect-of-supportive-coworker-climate-in-a-multilevel-perspective
#10
Igor Portoghese, Maura Galletta, Alex Burdorf, Pierluigi Cocco, Ernesto D'Aloja, Marcello Campagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between role stress, emotional exhaustion, and a supportive coworker climate among health care workers, by adopting a multilevel perspective. METHODS: Aggregated data of 738 health care workers nested within 67 teams of three Italian hospitals were collected. Multilevel regression analysis with a random intercept model was used. RESULTS: Hierarchical linear modeling showed that a lack of role clarity was significantly linked to emotional exhaustion at the individual level...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776330/multidimensional-assessment-of-severe-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Vanessa L Clark, Peter G Gibson, Grayson Genn, Sarah A Hiles, Ian D Pavord, Vanessa M McDonald
The management of severe asthma is complex. Multidimensional assessment (MDA) of specific traits has been proposed as an effective strategy to manage severe asthma, although it is supported by few prospective studies. We aimed to systematically review the literature published on MDA in severe asthma, to identify the traits included in MDA and to determine the effect of MDA on asthma-related outcomes. We identified 26 studies and classified these based on study type (cohort/cross-sectional studies; experimental/outcome studies; and severe asthma disease registries)...
August 3, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774295/balanced-performance-measurement-in-research-hospitals-the-participative-case-study-of-a-haematology-department
#12
Simona Catuogno, Claudia Arena, Sara Saggese, Fabrizia Sarto
BACKGROUND: The paper aims to review, design and implement a multidimensional performance measurement system for a public research hospital in order to address the complexity of its multifaceted stakeholder requirements and its double institutional aim of care and research. METHOD: The methodology relies on a participative case study performed by external researchers in close collaboration with the staff of an Italian research hospital. RESULTS: The paper develops and applies a customized version of balanced scorecard based on a new set of performance measures...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771486/analysis-of-seminal-plasma-from-brown-bear-ursus-arctos-during-the-breeding-season-its-relationship-with-testosterone-levels
#13
L Anel-López, C Ortega-Ferrusola, C Martínez-Rodríguez, M Álvarez, S Borragán, C Chamorro, F J Peña, L Anel, P de Paz
Seminal plasma (SP) plays an important role in the motility, viability and maintenance of the fertilizing capacity of mammalian spermatozoa. This study is the first on brown bear (Ursus arctos) SP components, and has two main objectives: 1) to define the SP composition in bear ejaculate and 2) to identify variations in SP composition in relation to high and low levels of testosterone in serum during the breeding season. Forty-eight sperm samples from 30 sexually mature male brown bears (Ursus arctos) were obtained by electroejaculation, and their serum testosterone levels were assessed to sort the animals into 2 groups (high and low testosterone levels, threshold 5 ng/dl)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771372/high-content-assay-multiplexing-for-vascular-toxicity-screening-in-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-endothelial-cells-and-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#14
Yasuhiro Iwata, William D Klaren, Connie S Lebakken, Fabian A Grimm, Ivan Rusyn
Endothelial cells (ECs) play a major role in blood vessel formation and function. While there is longstanding evidence for the potential of chemical exposures to adversely affect EC function and vascular development, the hazard potential of chemicals with respect to vascular effects is not routinely evaluated in safety assessments. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived ECs promise to provide a physiologically relevant, organotypic culture model that is amenable for high-throughput (HT) EC toxicant screening and may represent a viable alternative to traditional in vitro models, including human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
August 3, 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771199/effect-of-job-strain-on-job-burnout-mental-fatigue-and-chronic-diseases-among-civil-servants-in-the-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region-of-china
#15
Suzhen Guan, Xiadiya Xiaerfuding, Li Ning, Yulong Lian, Yu Jiang, Jiwen Liu, Tzi Bun Ng
Job strain is a major concern in view of its effects among civil servants associated with job burnout, mental fatigue and chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the job strain level among civil servants and examine the effect of job strain on job burnout, mental fatigue and the resulting chronic diseases. A cross-sectional study with a representative sample consisting of 5000 civil servants was conducted from March to August 2014. Using a structured questionnaire, the job strain level, job burnout and mental fatigue were measured by using the Personal Strain Questionnaire (PSQ), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), respectively...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765653/-adaptation-and-validation-of-five-scales-to-measure-determinants-of-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#16
M Lima-Serrano, A M Vargas-Martínez, E Gil García, J M Martínez-Montilla, J S Lima Rodríguez, H De Vries
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to validate five scales, based on a theoretical framework for the adoption of behaviours, designed to assess the determinants in binge drinking in adolescents, namely: attitude, social influence (model, norm and pressure) and self-efficacy. METHODS: Observational, cross-sectional and multicentre study. Through convenience sampling, 397 adolescents between 15 to 18 years old enrolled in secondary schools in Seville and Huelva were included...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764721/what-is-the-gap-in-activity-and-participation-between-people-with-disability-and-the-general-population-in-taiwan
#17
Tzu-Ying Chiu, Chia-Feng Yen, Reuben Escorpizo, Wen-Chou Chi, Tsan-Hon Liou, Hua-Fang Liao, Cheng-Hsiu Chou, Wen-Hui Fang
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) was developed, based on the concept of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The ICF provides a common language and framework for health and health-related status and attempts to integrate the biopsychosocial model as a multidimensional perspective in understanding functioning. Activities and participation (AP) is one salient component of the ICF refers to the execution of a task by an individual, and how such tasks are involved in their daily life...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759966/trajectories-of-multidimensional-caregiver-burden-in-chinese-informal-caregivers-for-dementia-evidence-from-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-zarit-burden-interview
#18
Dan Li, Nan Hu, Yueyi Yu, Aihong Zhou, Fangyu Li, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Despite its popularity, the latent structure of 22-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) remains unclear. There has been no study exploring how caregiver multidimensional burden changed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the work was to validate the latent structure of ZBI and to investigate how multidimensional burden evolves with increasing global burden. METHODS: We studied 1,132 dyads of dementia patients with informal caregivers. The caregivers completed the ZBI and a questionnaire regarding caregiving...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759282/adolescent-risk-screening-instruments-for-primary-care-an-integrative-review-utilizing-the-donabedian-framework
#19
Deanna B Hiott, Shannon Phillips, Elaine Amella
Adolescent risk-taking behavior choices can affect future health outcomes. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to evaluate adolescent risk screening instruments available to primary care providers in the United States using the Donabedian Framework of structure, process, and outcome. To examine the literature concerning multidimensional adolescent risk screening instruments available in the United States for use in the primary care setting, library searches, ancestry searches, and Internet searches were conducted...
July 31, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758292/a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-research-utilization-questionnaire-using-a-rasch-measurement-model
#20
Veronica Lundberg, Anne-Marie Boström, Camilla Malinowsky
Evidence-based practice and research utilisation has become a commonly used concept in health care. The Research Utilization Questionnaire (RUQ) has been recognised to be a widely used instrument measuring the perception of research utilisation among nursing staff in clinical practice. Few studies have however analysed the psychometric properties of the RUQ. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the three subscales in RUQ using a Rasch measurement model. This study has a cross-sectional design using a sample of 163 staff (response rate 81%) working in one nursing home in Sweden...
July 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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