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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340045/age-related-patterns-in-cancer-pain-and-its-psychosocial-impact-investigating-the-role-of-variability-in-physical-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#1
Lynn R Gauthier, Robert H Dworkin, David Warr, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Alison K Macpherson, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Objective. : Age-related patterns in cancer pain remain equivocal. Most studies ignore heterogeneity across multiple domains of well-being, and the potential role of physical (PH) and mental health (MH) quality of life (QOL) in these age-related patterns is unknown. We investigated the relationships between age and cancer pain intensity, qualities, and interference, and physical and psychosocial adaptation and the interaction between age and PH and MH QOL on pain and adaptation to cancer pain...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339693/neuronal-signaling-repertoire-in-the-mammalian-sperm-functionality
#2
Alfredo Ramírez-Reveco, Franz Villarroel-Espíndola, Joan E Rodríguez-Gil, Ilona I Concha
The common embryonic origin has been a recurrent explanation to understand the presence of "neural receptors" in sperm. However, this designation has conditioned a bias marked by the classical neurotransmission model, dismissing the possibility that neurotransmitters can play specific roles in the sperm function by themselves. For instance, the launching of acrosome reaction, a fundamental sperm function, includes several steps that recall the process of presynaptic secretion. Unlike of postsynaptic neuron, whose activation is mediated by molecular interaction between neurotransmitter and postsynaptic receptors, the oocyte activation is not mediated by receptors, but by cytosolic translocation of sperm phospholipase (PLCζ)...
February 20, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334265/evaluation-of-malaise-and-yellow-pan-trap-performance-to-assess-velvet-ant-hymenoptera-mutillidae-diversity-in-a-neotropical-savanna
#3
C R Vieira, C Waichert, K A Williams, J P Pitts
Given the global biodiversity crisis, it is crucial to identify methods best suited for conducting inventories. We evaluated the relative merits of Malaise traps (MT) and ground-level yellow pan traps (YPT) to sample male velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) in a Neotropical savanna biodiversity hotspot. We compared richness, number of captures, evenness, composition, and body size of male velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) sampled with both methods in four sites at Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Veadeiros, central Brazil, during 19 d...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334085/environmental-niche-divergence-among-three-dune-shrub-sister-species-with-parapatric-distributions
#4
Sergio Chozas, Rosa M Chefaoui, Otília Correia, Raúl Bonal, Joaquín Hortal
Background and Aims: The geographical distributions of species are constrained by their ecological requirements. The aim of this work was to analyse the effects of environmental conditions, historical events and biogeographical constraints on the diversification of the three species of the western Mediterranean shrub genus Stauracanthus , which have a parapatric distribution in the Iberian Peninsula. Methods: Ecological niche factor analysis and generalized linear models were used to measure the response of all Stauracanthus species to the environmental gradients and map their potential distributions in the Iberian Peninsula...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333630/multilinear-spatial-discriminant-analysis-for-dimensionality-reduction
#5
Sen Yuan, Xia Mao, Lijiang Chen
In the last few years, great efforts have been made to extend linear projection technique (LPT) for multidimensional data (i.e. tensor), generally referred to as multilinear projection technique (MPT). The vectorized nature of LPT requires high dimensional data to be converted to vector, hence may lose spatial neighborhood information of raw data. MPT well addresses this problem by encoding multidimensional data as general tensors of second or even higher order. In this paper, we propose a novel multilinear projection technique, called multilinear spatial discriminant analysis (MSDA), to identify the underlying manifold of high-order tensor data...
March 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333476/the-beliefs-about-race-scale-bars-dimensions-of-racial-essentialism-and-their-psychometric-properties
#6
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332858/modified-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-depressed-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#7
Deirdre A Conroy, Alison M Czopp, Dawn M Dore-Stites, Richard R Dopp, Roseanne Armitage, Timothy F Hoban, J Todd Arnedt
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to pilot a five-week insomnia treatment in adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and insomnia. This was an open-label trial of a modified-group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI). PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents with MDD (n = 16; mean age = 17.3 +/- 1.7), characterized by the Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised T-score ≥ 55 and insomnia, characterized by > 30 min to fall or return to sleep and an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score of ≥ 7 participated...
March 23, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328801/influence-of-polymorphisms-in-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-genes-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-in-a-chinese-han-population
#8
Qing-Min Li, Feng-Qin Zhang, Ya-Feng Li, Qing-Jie Xian, Yan-Qiang Zhang, Peng Li
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays a vital role in initiating and sustaining hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, few studies have investigated polymorphisms in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway genes in the Chinese Han population. The aim of the present retrospective study was to investigate the correlations between polymorphisms of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway genes (CTNNB1 and WNT2) and HCC susceptibility, development, and progression.Twenty tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms were chosen from HapMap data and genotyped in 320 patients with HCC, 320 chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients without HCC (N-HCC, including 95 liver cirrhosis, 164 chronic hepatitis B, and 61 asymptomatic HBV carriers), and 320 healthy controls...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327490/integrated-narrative-nursing-a-new-perspective-for-an-advanced-assessment
#9
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Cosentino, Chiara Taffurelli
The assessment is the first of the fundamental nursing processes: it includes data collection, problem identification, and setting of priorities, which all facilitates the process of making a nursing diagnosis. The assessment helps to identify a goal, which, through a decision-making process, orientates the planning as well as the nursing intervention, which will be evaluated at a later stage. It seems that the proposed multidimensional and integrated assessment has a good potential to significantly influence the nursing care...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326312/a-comparison-of-published-multidimensional-indices-to-predict-outcome-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
Charles Sharp, Huzaifa I Adamali, Ann B Millar
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has an unpredictable course and prognostic factors are incompletely understood. We aimed to identify prognostic factors, including multidimensional indices from a significant IPF cohort at the Bristol Interstitial Lung Disease Centre in the UK. Patients diagnosed with IPF between 2007 and 2014 were identified. Longitudinal pulmonary physiology and exercise testing results were collated, with all-cause mortality used as the primary outcome. Factors influencing overall, 12- and 24-month survival were identified using Cox proportional hazards modelling and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324792/tolerance-of-uncertainty-conceptual-analysis-integrative-model-and-implications-for-healthcare
#11
REVIEW
Marij A Hillen, Caitlin M Gutheil, Tania D Strout, Ellen M A Smets, Paul K J Han
RATIONALE: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is an important, well-studied phenomenon in health care and many other important domains of life, yet its conceptualization and measurement by researchers in various disciplines have varied substantially and its essential nature remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) analyze the meaning and logical coherence of UT as conceptualized by developers of UT measures, and 2) develop an integrative conceptual model to guide future empirical research regarding the nature, causes, and effects of UT...
March 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324174/combining-climatic-and-soil-properties-better-predicts-covers-of-brazilian-biomes
#12
Daniel M Arruda, Elpídio I Fernandes-Filho, Ricardo R C Solar, Carlos E G R Schaefer
Several techniques have been used to model the area covered by biomes or species. However, most models allow little freedom of choice of response variables and are conditioned to the use of climate predictors. This major restriction of the models has generated distributions of low accuracy or inconsistent with the actual cover. Our objective was to characterize the environmental space of the most representative biomes of Brazil and predict their cover, using climate and soil-related predictors. As sample units, we used 500 cells of 100 km(2) for ten biomes, derived from the official vegetation map of Brazil (IBGE 2004)...
April 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322439/modeling-multidimensional-and-multispecies-biofilms-in-porous-media
#13
Youneng Tang, Haihu Liu
Modeling multidimensional and multispecies biofilm in porous media at the pore scale is challenging due to the need to simultaneously track the microbial community in the biofilms and the interfaces between the biofilms and the fluid. Therefore, researchers usually assume that the model has only one dimension in space or has only one microbial species. This work uses bioremediation of U(VI)-contaminated groundwater as the context to develop a two-dimensional and multispecies biofilm model. The model simulates the transverse mixing zone in which U(VI) is mixed with propionate, a nutrient externally supplied to stimulate the growth of microorganisms...
March 21, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319533/-perfscore-a-multidimensional-score-a-simple-way-to-predict-the-success-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#14
Patrizia Maras, Sara Doimo, Alessando Altinier, Alessio Della Mattia, Luigia Scudeller, Gianfranco Sinagra, Catherine Klersy
BACKGROUND: We propose a simple and reliable score, performance score ('PERFSCORE'), that allows cardiologists to assess the achievement of therapeutic goals. METHODS: We identified six indicators of cardiac rehabilitation performance: heart rate (HR) less than 70 beats/min; blood pressure (BP) less than 140/90 mmHg; smoking cessation or non-smokers; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) more than 40%; LDLc less than 100 mg/dl or more than 70 mg/dl if diabetic; and on treatment at least with three drugs among angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARBs), β-blockers, statins, and ASA...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318335/the-cognitive-affective-and-somatic-empathy-scales-cases-for-children
#15
Adrian Raine, Frances R Chen
Although the assessment of empathy has moved from general empathy to differentiating between cognitive and affective empathy, no instruments have assessed somatic (motor) empathy, and none have separated positive from negative affect empathy. The main objective of this study was to develop a 30-item self-report cognitive, affective, and somatic empathy scale (CASES) with positive and negative affect components for use with children and adolescents. A community sample of 428 male and female 11-year-olds completed the CASES together with validity questionnaires and were assessed on IQ...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317261/diffusion-relaxation-correlation-spectroscopic-imaging-a-multidimensional-approach-for-probing-microstructure
#16
Daeun Kim, Eamon K Doyle, Jessica L Wisnowski, Joong Hee Kim, Justin P Haldar
PURPOSE: To propose and evaluate a novel multidimensional approach for imaging subvoxel tissue compartments called Diffusion-Relaxation Correlation Spectroscopic Imaging. THEORY AND METHODS: Multiexponential modeling of MR diffusion or relaxation data is commonly used to infer the many different microscopic tissue compartments that contribute signal to macroscopic MR imaging voxels. However, multiexponential estimation is known to be difficult and ill-posed. Observing that this ill-posedness is theoretically reduced in higher dimensions, diffusion-relaxation correlation spectroscopic imaging uses a novel multidimensional imaging experiment that jointly encodes diffusion and relaxation information, and then uses a novel constrained reconstruction technique to generate a multidimensional diffusion-relaxation correlation spectrum for every voxel...
March 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316579/coping-intelligence-efficient-life-stress-management
#17
Elena Libin
Coping Intelligence is defined as efficient individual ways of managing life stress. This paper presents a new assessment instrument named Coping IQ (CIQ; Coping Intelligence Questionnaire). A measure is based on the Multidimensional Positive Coping Model, which includes three cross-cutting parameters that characterize coping strategy as efficient or inefficient, emotional, cognitive or behavioral, and active or passive. Results of the factor analysis verified a basic two-factor structure of the Coping Intelligence with the alternative solutions for efficient and inefficient coping strategies characterized via three basic modalities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315233/family-friend-and-media-factors-are-associated-with-patterns-of-weight-control-behavior-among-adolescent-girls
#18
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of family, friend, and media factors on weight-control group membership at 15 years separately and in a combined model. METHODS: Subjects included 166 15 year girls. Latent class analysis identified four patterns of weight-control behaviors: non-dieters, lifestyle, dieters, and extreme dieters. Family (family functioning, priority of the family meals, maternal/paternal weight-teasing, and mother's/father's dieting), friend (weight-teasing and dieting), and media variables (media sensitivity and weekly TV time) were included as predictors of weight-control group membership...
March 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303628/validating-a-chinese-version-of-the-weight-self-stigma-questionnaire-for-use-with-obese-adults
#19
Kuan Pin Lin, Mei Li Lee
BACKGROUND: Although weight-based stigmatization is pervasive in everyday life, a suitable measure of weight self-stigma is currently unavailable for the obese Chinese population. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to translate and test the psychometric properties of the Weight Self-stigma Questionnaire into Chinese (C-WSSQ) for use with obese Chinese people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 156 overweight or obese adults...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303422/efficacy-of-the-fun-for-wellness-online-intervention-to-promote-multidimensional-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Nicholas D Myers, Isaac Prilleltensky, Ora Prilleltensky, Adam McMahon, Samantha Dietz, Carolyn L Rubenstein
Subjective well-being refers to people's level of satisfaction with life as a whole and with multiple dimensions within it. Interventions that promote subjective well-being are important because there is evidence that physical health, mental health, substance use, and health care costs may be related to subjective well-being. Fun For Wellness (FFW) is a new online universal intervention designed to promote growth in multiple dimensions of subjective well-being. The purpose of this study was to provide an initial evaluation of the efficacy of FFW to increase subjective well-being in multiple dimensions in a universal sample...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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