keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mentalizing network

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147058/volunteer-provision-of-long-term-care-for-older-people-in-thailand-and-costa-rica
#1
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Anne Margriet Pot, Siriphan Sasat, Fernando Morales-Martinez
Problem: Demand for long-term care services for older people is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries. Countries need to establish national long-term care systems that are sustainable and equitable. Approach: The Governments of Costa Rica and Thailand have implemented broadly comparable interventions to deploy volunteers in long-term home care. Both countries trained older volunteers from local communities to make home visits to impoverished and vulnerable older people and to facilitate access to health services and other social services...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146299/functional-connectivity-during-affective-mentalizing-in-criminal-offenders-with-psychotic-disorders-associations-with-clinical-symptoms
#2
Carla L Harenski, Vince D Calhoun, Juan R Bustillo, Brian W Haas, Jean Decety, Keith A Harenski, Michael F Caldwell, Gregory J Van Rybroek, Michael Koenigs, David M Thornton, Kent A Kiehl
Psychotic disorders are associated with neurobehavioral impairments in mental state attribution (mentalizing). These impairments are most severe in psychotic patients with elevated symptom levels, particularly negative and cognitive symptoms. There have been few studies of functional connectivity related to mentalizing in psychotic disorders and associations with symptoms. We conducted a functional MRI study of affective mentalizing in individuals with psychotic disorders and varying symptom levels (positive, negative, cognitive)...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142105/the-nde1-genomic-locus-can-affect-treatment-of-psychiatric-illness-through-gene-expression-changes-related-to-microrna-484
#3
Nicholas J Bradshaw, Liisa Ukkola-Vuoti, Maiju Pankakoski, Amanda B Zheutlin, Alfredo Ortega-Alonso, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Vishal Sinha, Sebastian Therman, Tiina Paunio, Jaana Suvisaari, Jouko Lönnqvist, Tyrone D Cannon, Jari Haukka, William Hennah
Genetic studies of familial schizophrenia in Finland have observed significant associations with a group of biologically related genes, DISC1, NDE1, NDEL1, PDE4B and PDE4D, the 'DISC1 network'. Here, we use gene expression and psychoactive medication use data to study their biological consequences and potential treatment implications. Gene expression levels were determined in 64 individuals from 18 families, while prescription medication information has been collected over a 10-year period for 931 affected individuals...
November 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138432/social-support-as-a-key-protective-factor-against-depression-in-hiv-infected-patients-report-from-large-hiv-clinics-in-hanoi-vietnam
#4
Shoko Matsumoto, Kazue Yamaoka, Kenzo Takahashi, Junko Tanuma, Daisuke Mizushima, Cuong Duy Do, Dung Thi Nguyen, Hoai Dung Thi Nguyen, Kinh Van Nguyen, Shinichi Oka
Depression is the most common mental health issue among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study explored how different types and sources of social support are associated with depression among HIV-infected patients in Vietnam. We carried out a cross-sectional survey on 1,503 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at two HIV clinics in Hanoi in 2016. Depression was prevalent in 26.2% of participants. Higher score of social support, especially emotional/informational support and positive social interaction, showed significant association with lower depression rate...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138127/exploring-working-relationships-in-mental-health-care-via-an-e-recovery-portal-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-service-users-and-health-providers
#5
Monica Strand, Deede Gammon, Lillian Sofie Eng, Cornelia Ruland
BACKGROUND: The quality of working relationships between service users and health providers is fundamental in the processes of recovery in mental health. How Internet-based interventions will influence these relationships for persons with long-term care needs, and the measures that can be taken to maintain and enhance working relationships through Internet, is still not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights into how service users and health providers experience their working relationships when they are offered the option of supplementing ongoing collaboration with an e-recovery portal...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136302/the-sociotype-in-dermatology
#6
S E Marron, R Del Moral, J Navarro, S Lamas, P C Marijuan, L Tomas-Aragones
Skin diseases can be the cause of a significant psychosocial burden for those who suffer them. A number of studies have considered issues such as a lower quality of life, increased anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and other psychological disorders(1-3) . However, adequate means for evaluating social interaction difficulties, diminished social networks, and the impoverished conversational exchanges that affect the wellbeing and mental health of the individual have not been sufficiently developed. This article is protected by copyright...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135467/univariate-and-multivariate-conditional-entropy-measures-for-the-characterization-of-short-term-cardiovascular-complexity-under-physiological-stress
#7
Martina Valente, Michal Javorka, Alberto Porta, Vlasta Bari, Jana Krohova, Barbora Czippelova, Zuzana Turianikova, Giandomenico Nollo, Luca Faes
A defining feature of physiological systems under the neuroautonomic regulation is their dynamical complexity. The most common approach to assess physiological complexity from short-term recordings, i.e. to compute the rate of entropy generation of an individual system by means of measures of conditional entropy (CE), does not consider that complexity may change when the investigated system is part of a network of physiological interactions. This study aims at extending the concept of short-term complexity towards the perspective of network physiology, defining multivariate CE measures whereby multiple physiological processes are accounted for in the computation of entropy rates...
November 14, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135273/-neuroscience-of-mental-flexibility
#8
Zoltán Janka
Mental flexibility enabling shifts from the usual prepotent behaviour to new strategies and solutions is a significant factor in the successful adaptation to the changing environment. Components of mental flexibility comprise attention, salience detection, inhibition, working memory and switch processes which can be measured by neurocognitive tests. Data derived from examinations by the methods of cognitive neuroscience can be compared to the features, observed under resting state and during task performance, of brain structures and functions...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134612/altered-connectivity-patterns-among-resting-state-networks-in-patients-with-ischemic-white-matter-lesions
#9
Ju-Rong Ding, Xin Ding, Bo Hua, Xingzhong Xiong, Yuqiao Wen, Zhongxiang Ding, Qingsong Wang, Paul Thompson
White matter lesions (WMLs) have been associated with cognitive and motor decline. Resting state networks (RSNs) are spatially coherent patterns in the human brain and their interactions sustain our daily function. Therefore, investigating the altered intra- and inter-network connectivity among the RSNs may help to understand the association of WMLs with impaired cognitive and motor function. Here, we assessed alterations in functional connectivity patterns based on six well-defined RSNs-the default mode network (DMN), dorsal attention network (DAN), frontal-parietal control network (FPCN), auditory network (AN), sensory motor network (SMN) and visual network (VN)-in 15 patients with ischemic WMLs and 15 controls...
November 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134421/relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-risks-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-mainland-china
#10
Wenjian Xu, Lijun Zheng, Jingjing Song, Xing Zhang, Xuemeng Zhang, Yong Zheng
Men who have sex with men (MSM) carry the burden of HIV infection in China. Outside of China, a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with HIV-related risks (behavioral, sexual, and mental health outcomes) among MSM. We therefore evaluated the relationship between CSA and these HIV-related risks among MSM in China. Cross-sectional data were collected via a survey from gay websites and social networking applications from MSM in 30 provinces in mainland China during a 3-month period in 2014 and 2015...
November 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133314/decisional-needs-assessment-of-patients-with-complex-care-needs-in-primary-care-a-participatory-systematic-mixed-studies-review-protocol
#11
Mathieu Bujold, Pierre Pluye, France Légaré, Jeannie Haggerty, Genevieve C Gore, Reem El Sherif, Marie-Eve Poitras, Marie-Claude Beaulieu, Marie-Dominique Beaulieu, Paula L Bush, Yves Couturier, Beatrice Débarges, Justin Gagnon, Anik Giguère, Roland Grad, Vera Granikov, Serge Goulet, Catherine Hudon, Bernardo Kremer, Edeltraut Kröger, Irina Kudrina, Bertrand Lebouché, Christine Loignon, Marie-Therese Lussier, Cristiano Martello, Quynh Nguyen, Rebekah Pratt, Benoit Rihoux, Ellen Rosenberg, Isabelle Samson, Nicolas Senn, David Li Tang, Masashi Tsujimoto, Isabelle Vedel, Bruno Ventelou, Michel Wensing
INTRODUCTION: Patients with complex care needs (PCCNs) often suffer from combinations of multiple chronic conditions, mental health problems, drug interactions and social vulnerability, which can lead to healthcare services overuse, underuse or misuse. Typically, PCCNs face interactional issues and unmet decisional needs regarding possible options in a cascade of interrelated decisions involving different stakeholders (themselves, their families, their caregivers, their healthcare practitioners)...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133284/the-association-of-health-literacy-and-electronic-health-literacy-with-self-efficacy-coping-and-caregiving-perceptions-among-carers-of-people-with-dementia-research-protocol-for-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#12
Areti Efthymiou, Nicos Middleton, Andreas Charalambous, Evridiki Papastavrou
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, electronic health (eHealth) literacy has attracted the attention of the scientific community, as it is associated with the self-management of patients with chronic diseases and the quality and cost of care. It is estimated that 80% of people with chronic diseases are cared for at home by a family member, friend, or relative. Informal carers are susceptible to physical and mental health problems, as well as social and financial hardships. Nevertheless, there seems to be a research gap in terms of carers' needs, skills, and available resources in the age of new technologies, with the vital role of eHealth literacy of the carers remaining unexplored...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132627/examining-health-disparities-by-gender-a-multimorbidity-network-analysis-of-electronic-medical-record
#13
Pankush Kalgotra, Ramesh Sharda, Julie M Croff
PROBLEM: Multimorbidity health disparities have not been well examined by gender. Co-occurring diseases may be mutually deleterious, co-occurring independently, or co-occurring from a common antecedent. Diseases linked by a common antecedent may be caused by biological, behavioral, social, or environmental factors. This paper aims to address the co-occurrences of diseases using network analysis. METHODS: In this study, we identify these multi-morbidities from a large electronic medical record (EMR) containing diagnoses, symptoms and treatment data on more than 22...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131306/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-enhancers-for-treating-alzheimer-s-disease-systematic-review-and-network-metaanalysis
#14
Andrea C Tricco, Huda M Ashoor, Charlene Soobiah, Patricia Rios, Areti Angeliki Veroniki, Jemila S Hamid, John D Ivory, Paul A Khan, Fatemeh Yazdi, Marco Ghassemi, Erik Blondal, Joanne M Ho, Carmen H Ng, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Sumit R Majumdar, Laure Perrier, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the comparative effectiveness and safety of cognitive enhancers for Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Systematic review and Bayesian network metaanalysis (NMA). SETTING: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Ageline (inception-March 2016). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with AD in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, and nonrandomized studies. INTERVENTION: Any combination of donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine, or memantine...
September 29, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129791/resting-state-networks-mediate-the-effect-of-genotype-by-environment-interaction-on-mental-health
#15
Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov, Andrey V Bocharov, Daria V Bazovkina, Ekaterina A Proshina
A number of studies have shown that the presence of short (S) allele of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a higher risk for depression following exposure to stressful life events. These findings are in line with neuroimaging studies showing that 5-HTTLPR polymorphism has an effect on the connectivity among key areas involved in emotion regulation. Here using mediated moderation analysis, we show that electrophysiological manifestations of resting state networks in the alpha frequency band mediate the effect of 5-HTTLPR by stress interaction on depression/anxiety symptoms in a nonclinical sample...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129006/preferences-for-depression-help-seeking-among-vietnamese-american-adults
#16
Jin E Kim-Mozeleski, Janice Y Tsoh, Ginny Gildengorin, Lien H Cao, Tiffany Ho, Sarita Kohli, Hy Lam, Ching Wong, Susan Stewart, Stephen J McPhee, Tung T Nguyen
Culture impacts help-seeking preferences. We examined Vietnamese Americans' help-seeking preferences for depressive symptoms, through a telephone survey (N = 1666). A vignette describing an age- and gender-matched individual with depression was presented, and respondents chose from a list of options and provided open-ended responses about their help-seeking preferences. Results showed that 78.3% would seek professional help, either from a family doctor, a mental health provider, or both; 54.4% preferred to seek help from a family doctor but not from a mental health provider...
November 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128784/insular-subdivisions-functional-connectivity-dysfunction-within-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Xiaolong Peng, Pan Lin, Xiaoping Wu, Ruxue Gong, Rui Yang, Jue Wang
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a mental disorder characterized by cognitive and affective deficits. Previous studies suggested that insula is a crucial node of the salience network for initiating network switching, and dysfunctional connection to this region may be related to the mechanism of MDD. In this study, we systematically investigated and quantified the altered functional connectivity (FC) of the specific insular subdivisions and its relationship to psychopathology of MDD...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126316/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-social-connectedness-and-mental-health-among-older-european-adults-a-share-based-analysis
#18
Ella Schwartz, Howard Litwin
Objectives: The current study aimed to understand the reciprocal relationship between social networks and mental health in old age. It explored the dynamic aspects of that relationship and assessed the influence of social networks on mental health, as well as a concurrent influence of mental health on change in social connectedness. Method: The data came from two measurement points in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytic sample was composed of adults aged 65 years and above (N = 14,706)...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125957/a-network-perspective-on-comorbid-depression-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#19
Payton J Jones, Patrick Mair, Bradley C Riemann, Beth L Mugno, Richard J McNally
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD] frequently suffer from depression, a comorbidity associated with greater symptom severity and suicide risk. We examined the associations between OCD and depression symptoms in 87 adolescents with primary OCD. We computed an association network, a graphical LASSO, and a directed acyclic graph (DAG) to model symptom interactions. Models showed OCD and depression as separate syndromes linked by bridge symptoms. Bridges between the two disorders emerged between obsessional problems in the OCD syndrome, and guilt, concentration problems, and sadness in the depression syndrome...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123473/neurobehavioral-abnormalities-associated-with-executive-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
Rodger Ll Wood, Andrew Worthington
Objective: This article will address how anomalies of executive function after traumatic brain injury (TBI) can translate into altered social behavior that has an impact on a person's capacity to live safely and independently in the community. Method: Review of literature on executive and neurobehavioral function linked to cognitive ageing in neurologically healthy populations and late neurocognitive effects of serious TBI. Information was collated from internet searches involving MEDLINE, PubMed, PyscINFO and Google Scholar as well as the authors' own catalogs...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
19441
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"