keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mentalizing network

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812792/a-case-for-open-network-health-systems-systems-as-networks-in-public-mental-health
#1
Michael Grant Rhodes, Marten W de Vries
Increases in incidents involving so-called confused persons have brought attention to the potential costs of recent changes to public mental health (PMH) services in the Netherlands. Decentralized under the (Community) Participation Act (2014), local governments must find resources to compensate for reduced central funding to such services or "innovate." But innovation, even when pressure for change is intense, is difficult. This perspective paper describes experience during and after an investigation into a particularly violent incident and murder...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808830/social-workers-perceptions-of-the-association-between-role-playing-games-and-psychopathology
#2
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Eric Lis, Agata Błachnio, Lia Ring, Osnat Lavenda, Michal Mahat-Shamir
Whereas role-playing and table-top role-play games (RPGs) have been proven to have potential as therapeutic tools, playing RPGs is often stereotypically associated with social incompetence and psychiatric disorders. Knowledge regarding the stereotype and its implications is very scarce specifically among mental health practitioners. Therefore the present study aimed to narrow this gap in knowledge by examining the perception of Social Workers that are considered to be the forefront of mental health-care, in regard to the association between playing RPGs and mental health...
August 15, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807871/mentalizing-regions-represent-distributed-continuous-and-abstract-dimensions-of-others-beliefs
#3
Jorie Koster-Hale, Hilary Richardson, Natalia Velez, Mika Asaba, Liane Young, Rebecca Saxe
The human capacity to reason about others' minds includes making causal inferences about intentions, beliefs, values, and goals. Previous fMRI research has suggested that a network of brain regions, including bilateral temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), superior temporal sulcus (STS), and medial prefrontal-cortex (MPFC), are reliably recruited for mental state reasoning. Here, in two fMRI experiments, we investigate the representational content of these regions. Building on existing computational and neural evidence, we hypothesized that social brain regions contain at least two functionally and spatially distinct components: one that represents information related to others' motivations and values, and another that represents information about others' beliefs and knowledge...
August 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807434/nutritional-strategies-in-the-management-of-alzheimer-disease-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#4
Shirley Steffany Muñoz Fernández, Terry Ivanauskas, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is the major cause of dependency and disability in the elderly. Numerous studies have sought to achieve its prevention and/or management examining a role for modifiable risk factors, such as nutrition. This work aims to investigate the effects of food and/or nutrients in the management of AD at different stages. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for clinical trials examining the effect of nutrient intervention in individuals with AD, compared with placebo, published up to 2014...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806966/an-exploratory-study-assessing-psychological-distress-of-indigents-in-burkina-faso-a-step-forward-in-understanding-mental-health-needs-in-west-africa
#5
Émilie Pigeon-Gagné, Ghayga Hassan, Maurice Yaogo, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: Poverty is known as an important determinant of health, but empirical data are still missing on the relationships between poverty, other adverse living conditions, and psychological distress, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess mental health needs and psychological distress among the poorest in rural settings in Burkina Faso where food security and access to water, electricity, schooling, and healthcare are limited. METHODS: We randomly selected 2000 individuals previously identified as indigents by a community-targeting process...
August 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805770/-new-classifications-of-epilepsies-and-seizure-types-created-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-2017
#6
Ye V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
First part of this review (Chapter 1) demonstrates an ambiguous attitude toward psychiatry among professionals and in society in recent decades. The articles of supporters and opponents of psychiatry are also quoted. The authors describe the dynamics of the reflection of psychopathology in the main widely accepted classifications and manuals. Critical and negative opinions regarding the DSM-5, due to its role in the 'medicalization' processes, for the movement 'World Mental Health', are mentioned. The history of antipsychiatry movement and its results for psychiatry and society are analyzed as well...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805441/examining-overlap-in-behavioral-and-neural-representations-of-morals-facts-and-preferences
#7
Jordan Theriault, Adam Waytz, Larisa Heiphetz, Liane Young
Metaethical judgments refer to judgments about the information expressed by moral claims. Moral objectivists generally believe that moral claims are akin to facts, whereas moral subjectivists generally believe that moral claims are more akin to preferences. Evidence from developmental and social psychology has generally favored an objectivist view; however, this work has typically relied on few examples, and analyses have disallowed statistical generalizations beyond these few stimuli. The present work addresses whether morals are represented as fact-like or preference-like, using behavioral and neuroimaging methods, in combination with statistical techniques that can (a) generalize beyond our sample stimuli, and (b) test whether particular item features are associated with neural activity...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#8
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805412/factors-impacting-rural-pacific-island-veterans-access-to-care-a-qualitative-examination
#9
Julia M Whealin, Dawna Nelson, Michelle M Kawasaki, Michael A Mahoney
Pacific Island veterans suffer from greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with Caucasian veterans but face substantial barriers to mental health care. However, the factors that may dissuade or facilitate veterans in the Pacific Islands from seeking mental health care are not known. The main aim of this study was to identify how internal and external factors interact to impact wounded warriors' access to and use of mental health services. Veterans residing in 5 rural Pacific Island locations were mailed recruitment materials...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#10
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799427/quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-spain-caregiver-characteristics-caregiving-burden-family-functioning-and-social-and-professional-support
#11
José M Ribé, Manel Salamero, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal, Concepción Aguilera, Margarida Cleris
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers experience physical and mental stress that ends up lowering their quality of life (QoL). Our goal was to research (a) the level of caregivers QoL; (b) the relationships between the demographic characteristics of the caregivers, their caregiving burden, their family functioning, their social and professional support and their QoL and (c) the best predictors of caregivers QoL. METHODS: 100 key caregivers (70% parents, 8% spouses, 17% siblings and 5% children) were studied using the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-BREF) to research their QoL, the Zarit Scale to assess their perception of their caregiving burden, the Social Network Questionnaire to examine their social support, the Family APGAR to assess the satisfaction with social support from the family and a professional support scale (Escala de Apoyo Profesional) to determine the professional support received by caregivers was performed...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798009/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-web-and-mobile-phone-intervention-for-men-with-depression-men-s-positive-coping-strategies-and-associated-depression-resilience-and-work-and-social-functioning
#12
Andrea Susan Fogarty, Judy Proudfoot, Erin Louise Whittle, Janine Clarke, Michael J Player, Helen Christensen, Kay Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that men experiencing depression do not always access appropriate health services. Web-based interventions represent an alternative treatment option for men, are effective in reducing anxiety and depression, and have potential for wide dissemination. However, men do not access Web-based programs at the same rate as women. Programs with content explicitly tailored to men's mental health needs are required. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the applicability of Man Central, a new Web and mobile phone intervention for men with depression...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794184/post-transcriptional-regulation-of-mouse-neurogenesis-by-pumilio-proteins
#13
Meng Zhang, Dong Chen, Jing Xia, Wenqi Han, Xiekui Cui, Nils Neuenkirchen, Gretchen Hermes, Nenad Sestan, Haifan Lin
Despite extensive studies on mammalian neurogenesis, its post-transcriptional regulation remains under-explored. Here we report that neural-specific inactivation of two murine post-transcriptional regulators, Pumilio 1 (Pum1) and Pum2, severely reduced the number of neural stem cells (NSCs) in the postnatal dentate gyrus (DG), drastically increased perinatal apoptosis, altered DG cell composition, and impaired learning and memory. Consistently, the mutant DG neurospheres generated fewer NSCs with defects in proliferation, survival, and differentiation, supporting a major role of Pum1 and Pum2 in hippocampal neurogenesis and function...
August 9, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793818/internet-forums-for-suicide-bereavement
#14
Eleanor Bailey, Karolina Krysinska, Bridianne O'Dea, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Bereavement by suicide is associated with a number of consequences including poor mental health outcomes and increased suicide risk. Despite this, the bereaved by suicide may be reluctant to seek help from friends, family, and professionals. Internet forums and social networking sites are a popular avenue of support for the bereaved, but to date there is a lack of research into their use and efficacy. AIMS: To survey users of suicide bereavement Internet forums and Facebook groups regarding their help-seeking behaviors, use of forums, and perceived benefits and limitations of such use...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793242/frequency-specific-alteration-of-functional-connectivity-density-in-antipsychotic-naive-adolescents-with-early-onset-schizophrenia
#15
Xiao Wang, Yan Zhang, Zhiliang Long, Junjie Zheng, Youxue Zhang, Shaoqiang Han, Yifeng Wang, Xujun Duan, Mi Yang, Jingping Zhao, Huafu Chen
Early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) is a severe mental illness associated with dysconnectivity that widespread in the brain. However, the functional dysconnectivity in EOS are still mixed. Recently, studies have identified that functional connectivity (FC) arises from a band-limited slow rhythmic mechanism and suggested that the dysconnectivity at specific frequency bands may provide more robust biomarkers for schizophrenia. The frequency-specific changes of FC pattern in EOS remain unclear. To address this issue, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data scans from 39 EOS patients (drug-naive) and 31 healthy controls (HCs) were used to assess the FC density (FCD) across slow-4 (0...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793238/principles-for-models-of-neural-information-processing
#16
REVIEW
Kendrick N Kay
The goal of cognitive neuroscience is to understand how mental operations are performed by the brain. Given the complexity of the brain, this is a challenging endeavor that requires the development of formal models. Here, I provide a perspective on models of neural information processing in cognitive neuroscience. I define what these models are, explain why they are useful, and specify criteria for evaluating models. I also highlight the difference between functional and mechanistic models, and call attention to the value that neuroanatomy has for understanding brain function...
August 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792575/-the-mental-health-promotion-of-children-and-teenagers-in-vulnerability-and-social-violence-the-challenges-for-an-intersectoral-network
#17
Izabel Christina Friche Passos, Kelly Vieira, Laura Moreira, Flávia Rodrigues, Margarete Amorim, Cláudia Santos, Ana Abreu, Lucas Gomes, Luciana Mendes, Isabella Lima, Francisco Moura, Cassandra França, Cláudia Ferraz
This paper presents and discusses the results of an intervention research conducted in Ouro Preto, Brazil from August 2014 to March 2016. The main objective was to contribute to the development of an intersectoral and interdisciplinary network to face psychosocial vulnerabilities of children and teenagers, especially related to sexual violence and drug use. To achieve this, we identified the difficulties faced by the Sistema de Garantia de Direitos Humanos da Criança e do Adolescente (SGDHCA) implemented by the municipality which take care of this population...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792155/altered-functional-connectivity-of-the-default-mode-network-in-low-empathy-subjects
#18
Seung Jun Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Hyo Eun Kim, Kiwan Han, Bumseok Jeong, Jae Jin Kim, Kee Namkoong, Ji Woong Kim
Empathy is the ability to identify with or make a vicariously experience of another person's feelings or thoughts based on memory and/or self-referential mental simulation. The default mode network in particular is related to self-referential empathy. In order to elucidate the possible neural mechanisms underlying empathy, we investigated the functional connectivity of the default mode network in subjects from a general population. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired from 19 low-empathy subjects and 18 medium-empathy subjects...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790937/observation-of-interactions-in-adolescent-group-therapy-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Eulàlia Arias-Pujol, M Teresa Anguera
Group psychotherapy is a useful clinical practice for adolescents with mental health issues. Groups typically consist of young people of similar ages but with different personalities, and this results in a complex communication network. The goal of group psychoanalytic psychotherapy is to improve participants' mentalization abilities, facilitating interactions between peers and their therapist in a safe, containing environment. The main aim of this study was to analyze conversation turn-taking between a lead therapist, a co-therapist, and six adolescents over the course of 24 treatment sessions divided into four blocks over 8 months...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790399/gender-difference-in-spontaneous-deception-a-hyperscanning-study-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#20
Mingming Zhang, Tao Liu, Matthew Pelowski, Dongchuan Yu
Previous studies have demonstrated that the neural basis of deception involves a network of regions including the medial frontal cortex (MFC), superior temporal sulcus (STS), temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), etc. However, to test the actual activity of the brain in the act of deceptive practice itself, existing studies have mainly adopted paradigms of passive deception, where participants are told to lie in certain conditions, and have focused on intra-brain mechanisms in single participants. In order to examine the neural substrates underlying more natural, spontaneous deception in real social interactions, the present study employed a functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) hyperscanning technique to simultaneously measure pairs of participants' fronto-temporal activations in a two-person gambling card-game...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
19441
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"