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Neuroscience emotions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045403/mentalized-affectivity-a-new-model-and-assessment-of-emotion-regulation
#1
David M Greenberg, Jonela Kolasi, Camilla P Hegsted, Yoni Berkowitz, Elliot L Jurist
Here we introduce a new assessment of emotion regulation called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS). A large online adult sample (N = 2,840) completed the 60-item MAS along with a battery of psychological measures. Results revealed a robust three-component structure underlying mentalized affectivity, which we labeled: Identifying emotions (the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them); Processing emotions (the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions); and Expressing emotions (the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037334/an-international-curriculum-for-neuropsychiatry-and-behavioural-neurology
#2
Perminder Sachdev, Adith Mohan
With major advances in neuroscience in the last three decades, there is an emphasis on understanding disturbances in thought, behaviour and emotion in terms of their neuroscientific underpinnings. While psychiatry and neurology, both of which deal with brain diseases, have a historical standing as distinct disciplines, there has been an increasing need to have a combined neuropsychiatric approach to deal with many conditions and disorders. Additionally, there is a body of disorders and conditions that warrants the skills sets and knowledge bases of both disciplines...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032087/are-we-really-measuring-empathy-proposal-for-a-new-measurement-framework
#3
REVIEW
Michel-Pierre Coll, Essi Viding, Markus Rütgen, Giorgia Silani, Claus Lamm, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Empathy - currently defined as the sharing of another's affective state - has been the focus of much psychological and neuroscientific research in the last decade, much of which has been focused on ascertaining the empathic ability of individuals with various clinical conditions. However, most of this work tends to overlook the fact that empathy is the result of a complex process requiring a number of intermediate processing steps. It is therefore the case that describing an individual or group as 'lacking empathy' lacks specificity...
October 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016167/beyond-happiness-building-a-science-of-discrete-positive-emotions
#4
Michelle N Shiota, Belinda Campos, Christopher Oveis, Matthew J Hertenstein, Emiliana Simon-Thomas, Dacher Keltner
While trait positive emotionality and state positive-valence affect have long been the subject of intense study, the importance of differentiating among several "discrete" positive emotions has only recently begun to receive serious attention. In this article, we synthesize existing literature on positive emotion differentiation, proposing that the positive emotions are best described as branches of a "family tree" emerging from a common ancestor mediating adaptive management of fitness-critical resources (e...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992270/neural-activity-during-affect-labeling-predicts-expressive-writing-effects-on-well-being-glm-and-svm-approaches
#5
Negar Memarian, Jared B Torre, Kate E Haltom, Annette L Stanton, Matthew D Lieberman
Affect labeling (putting feelings into words) is a form of incidental emotion regulation that could underpin some benefits of expressive writing (i.e. writing about negative experiences). Here, we show that neural responses during affect labeling predicted changes in psychological and physical well-being outcome measures 3 months later. Furthermore, neural activity of specific frontal regions and amygdala predicted those outcomes as a function of expressive writing. Using supervised learning (support vector machines regression), improvements in four measures of psychological and physical health (physical symptoms, depression, anxiety and life satisfaction) after an expressive writing intervention were predicted with an average of 0...
September 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972851/culture-embrained-going-beyond-the-nature-nurture-dichotomy
#6
Shinobu Kitayama, Cristina E Salvador
Over the past three decades, the cultural psychology literature has established that there is systematic cultural variation in the nature of agency in the domains of cognition, emotion, and motivation. This literature adopted both self-report and performance-based (or behavioral) indicators of these processes, which set the stage for a more recent systematic exploration of cultural influences at the neural and biological level. Moreover, previous work has largely focused on East-West differences, thereby calling for a systematic exploration of other ethnic groups...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966147/understanding-psychiatric-disease-by-capturing-ecologically-relevant-features-of-learning-and-decision-making
#7
REVIEW
Jacqueline Scholl, Miriam Klein-Flügge
Recent research in cognitive neuroscience has begun to uncover the processes underlying increasingly complex voluntary behaviours, including learning and decision-making. Partly this success has been possible by progressing from simple experimental tasks to paradigms that incorporate more ecological features. More specifically, the premise is that to understand cognitions and brain functions relevant for real life, we need to introduce some of the ecological challenges that we have evolved to solve. This often entails an increase in task complexity, which can be managed by using computational models to help parse complex behaviours into specific component mechanisms...
September 28, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961088/cross-disciplinary-medical-advances-with-neuroengineering-challenges-spur-development-of-unique-rehabilitative-and-therapeutic-interventions
#8
Sherif Elbasiouny
Neuroengineering brings tools and techniques from the engineering fields into neuroscience to create new approaches for investigating the central nervous system (CNS). This fusion of disciplines is advancing our knowledge of how the CNS works and how we can enhance our natural cognitive and emotional function and restore neurological functions that are compromised by disease or injury.
September 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959219/investigating-behavioral-and-psychophysiological-reactions-to-conflict-related-and-individualized-stimuli-as-potential-correlates-of-repression
#9
Henrik Kessler, Anna Christine Schmidt, Oliver Hildenbrand, Daniela Scharf, Aram Kehyayan, Nikolai Axmacher
Background: Repression is considered as a central defense mechanism in psychodynamic theory. It refers to the process by which "unbearable" mental contents (e.g., those related to internal conflicts) are kept out of consciousness. The process of repression is probably closely related to concepts of emotion regulation derived from a different theoretical background. This relationship is particularly relevant because it relates repression to current research in the affective neurosciences as well as to experimental studies on emotion regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959198/distributed-neural-processing-predictors-of-multi-dimensional-properties-of-affect
#10
Keith A Bush, Cory S Inman, Stephan Hamann, Clinton D Kilts, G Andrew James
Recent evidence suggests that emotions have a distributed neural representation, which has significant implications for our understanding of the mechanisms underlying emotion regulation and dysregulation as well as the potential targets available for neuromodulation-based emotion therapeutics. This work adds to this evidence by testing the distribution of neural representations underlying the affective dimensions of valence and arousal using representational models that vary in both the degree and the nature of their distribution...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951400/suitability-of-a-three-dimensional-model-to-measure-empathy-and-its-relationship-with-social-and-normative-adjustment-in-spanish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mauricio Herrera-López, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz, Darrick Jolliffe, Eva M Romera
OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine the psychometric properties of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES) with Spanish adolescents, comparing a two and a three-dimensional structure;(2) To analyse the relationship between the three-dimensional empathy and social and normative adjustment in school. DESIGN: Transversal and ex post facto retrospective study. Confirmatory factorial analysis, multifactorial invariance analysis and structural equations models were used. PARTICIPANTS: 747 students (51...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950970/cultural-differences-in-the-neural-correlates-of-social-emotional-feelings-an-interdisciplinary-developmental-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, Xiao-Fei Yang
Social neuroscience has documented cultural differences in emotional brain functioning. Most recently, these differences have been extended to include cultural effects on the real-time neural correlates of social-emotional feelings. Here we review these findings and use them to illustrate a biopsychosocial framework for studying acculturated social-affective functioning and development. We argue that understanding cultural differences in emotion neurobiology requires probing their social origins and connection with individuals' subjective, lived experiences...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899546/exploring-the-nap-paradox-are-mid-day-sleep-bouts-a-friend-or-foe
#13
REVIEW
Janna Mantua, Rebecca M C Spencer
The mid-day nap, sometimes called a siesta, is a ubiquitous occurrence across the lifespan. It is well established that in addition to reducing sleepiness, mid-day naps offer a variety of benefits: memory consolidation, preparation for subsequent learning, executive functioning enhancement, and a boost in emotional stability. These benefits are present even if a sufficient amount of sleep is obtained during the night prior. However, we present a paradox: in spite of these reported benefits of naps, frequent napping has also been associated with numerous negative outcomes (eg, cognitive decline, hypertension, diabetes), particularly in older populations...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883803/basic-emotions-in-human-neuroscience-neuroimaging-and-beyond
#14
REVIEW
Alessia Celeghin, Matteo Diano, Arianna Bagnis, Marco Viola, Marco Tamietto
The existence of so-called 'basic emotions' and their defining attributes represents a long lasting and yet unsettled issue in psychology. Recently, neuroimaging evidence, especially related to the advent of neuroimaging meta-analytic methods, has revitalized this debate in the endeavor of systems and human neuroscience. The core theme focuses on the existence of unique neural bases that are specific and characteristic for each instance of basic emotion. Here we review this evidence, outlining contradictory findings, strengths and limits of different approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883784/neuroscience-of-compulsive-eating-behavior
#15
REVIEW
Catherine F Moore, Valentina Sabino, George F Koob, Pietro Cottone
A systematic characterization of compulsivity in pathological forms of eating has been proposed in the context of three functional domains: (1) habitual overeating; (2) overeating to relieve a negative emotional state; and (3) overeating despite aversive consequences. In this review, we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis and we differentiate the nascent field of neurocircuits and neurochemical mediators of compulsive eating through their underlying neuropsychobiological processes. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms that lead to compulsive eating behavior can improve behavioral and pharmacological intervention for disorders of pathological eating...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872117/electroencephalographic-heart-rate-and-galvanic-skin-response-assessment-for-an-advertising-perception-study-application-to-antismoking-public-service-announcements
#16
Giulia Cartocci, Myriam Caratù, Enrica Modica, Anton Giulio Maglione, Dario Rossi, Patrizia Cherubino, Fabio Babiloni
The evaluation of advertising, products, and packaging is traditionally performed through methods based on self-reports and focus groups, but these approaches often appear poorly accurate in scientific terms. Neuroscience is increasingly applied to the investigation of the neurophysiological bases of the perception of and reaction to commercial stimuli to support traditional marketing methods. In this context, a particular sector or marketing is represented by public service announcements (PSAs). The objective of this protocol is to apply electroencephalography (EEG) and autonomic signal analysis to study responses to selected antismoking PSAs...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859824/removed-investigating-misophonia-a-review-of-the-literature-clinical-implications-and-research-agenda-reflecting-current-neuroscience-and-emotion-research-perspectives
#17
M Erfanian, J Jo Brout, M Edelstein, S Kumar, M Mannino, L J Miller, R Rouw, M Z Rosenthal
This article has been removed: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been removed at the request of the authors due to errors in the author list.
April 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813297/creating-relationships-that-foster-resilience-in-emotionally-focused-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie A Wiebe, Susan M Johnson
Emotionally Focused Therapy for Couples (EFT) is an evidence-based couple therapy based in attachment theory. Research has amassed over the past three decades pointing to the role of relationships in health and and well-being. Affective neuroscience suggests that secure relationships appear to foster adaptive stress co-regulation. The effectiveness of EFT has been demonstrated in couples facing high levels of stress, and has been shown to reduce depressive and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Furthermore, EFT has been shown to help couples regulate their neurophysiological stress response...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#19
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777995/beyond-stereotypes-of-adolescent-risk-taking-placing-the-adolescent-brain-in-developmental-context
#20
REVIEW
Daniel Romer, Valerie F Reyna, Theodore D Satterthwaite
Recent neuroscience models of adolescent brain development attribute the morbidity and mortality of this period to structural and functional imbalances between more fully developed limbic regions that subserve reward and emotion as opposed to those that enable cognitive control. We challenge this interpretation of adolescent development by distinguishing risk-taking that peaks during adolescence (sensation seeking and impulsive action) from risk taking that declines monotonically from childhood to adulthood (impulsive choice and other decisions under known risk)...
October 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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