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Neuroscience emotions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903439/functional-connectivity-in-the-resting-brain-as-biological-correlate-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#1
Nadja Deris, Christian Montag, Martin Reuter, Bernd Weber, Sebastian Markett
According to Jaak Panksepp's Affective Neuroscience Theory and the derived self-report measure, the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), differences in the responsiveness of primary emotional systems form the basis of human personality. In order to investigate neuronal correlates of personality, the underlying neuronal circuits of the primary emotional systems were analyzed in the present fMRI-study by associating the ANPS to functional connectivity in the resting brain. N = 120 healthy participants were invited for the present study...
November 26, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901215/a-systematic-review-of-the-neural-correlates-of-positive-emotions
#2
Leonardo Machado, Amaury Cantilino
Objective: To conduct a systematic literature review of human studies reporting neural correlates of positive emotions. Methods: The PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched in January 2016 for scientific papers written in English. No restrictions were placed on year of publication. Results: Twenty-two articles were identified and 12 met the established criteria. Five had been published during the last 4 years. Formation and regulation of positive emotions, including happiness, are associated with significant reductions in activity in the right prefrontal cortex and bilaterally in the temporoparietal cortex, as well as with increased activity in the left prefrontal regions...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895558/physics-of-the-mind
#3
Leonid I Perlovsky
Is it possible to turn psychology into "hard science"? Physics of the mind follows the fundamental methodology of physics in all areas where physics have been developed. What is common among Newtonian mechanics, statistical physics, quantum physics, thermodynamics, theory of relativity, astrophysics… and a theory of superstrings? The common among all areas of physics is a methodology of physics discussed in the first few lines of the paper. Is physics of the mind possible? Is it possible to describe the mind based on the few first principles as physics does? The mind with its variabilities and uncertainties, the mind from perception and elementary cognition to emotions and abstract ideas, to high cognition...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894890/convergent-individual-differences-in-visual-cortices-but-not-the-amygdala-across-standard-amygdalar-fmri-probe-tasks
#4
Victoria Villalta-Gil, Kendra E Hinton, Bennett A Landman, Benjamin C Yvernault, Scott F Perkins, Allison S Katsantonis, Courtney L Sellani, Benjamin B Lahey, David H Zald
: The amygdala (AMG) has been repeatedly implicated in the processing of threatening and negatively valenced stimuli and multiple fMRI paradigms have reported personality, genetic, and psychopathological associations with individual differences in AMG activation in these paradigms. Yet the interchangeability of activations in these probes has not been established, thus it remains unclear if we can interpret AMG responses on specific tasks as general markers of its reactivity. In this study we aimed to assess if different tasks that have been widely used within the Affective Neuroscience literature consistently recruit the AMG...
November 26, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#5
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893219/integrating-the-context-appropriate-balanced-attention-model-and-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory-towards-a-domain-general-personality-process-model
#6
Michael D Collins, Chris J Jackson, Benjamin R Walker, Peter J O'Connor, Elliroma Gardiner
Over the last 40 years or more the personality literature has been dominated by trait models based on the Big Five (B5). Trait-based models describe personality at the between-person level but cannot explain the within-person mental mechanisms responsible for personality. Nor can they adequately account for variations in emotion and behavior experienced by individuals across different situations and over time. An alternative, yet understated, approach to personality architecture can be found in neurobiological theories of personality, most notably reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST)...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892775/the-emotion-word-fluency-test-ewft-initial-psychometric-validation-and-physiological-evidence-in-young-adults
#7
Christopher A Abeare, Sabrina Freund, Kristen Kaploun, Tara McAuley, Claudiu Dumitrescu
INTRODUCTION: The clinical assessment of affective functioning has been slow to incorporate findings from affective neuroscience. Of particular interest in the current study is the assessment of affective word production. METHOD: In a series of four studies, we examined test-retest and interrater reliability for the Emotion Word Fluency Test (EWFT), basic construct validity with existing verbal fluency measures, physiological responses across verbal fluency tasks, and a novel scoring method to examine qualitative aspects of participant response sets...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890353/anxiety-and-nicotine-dependence-emerging-role-of-the-habenulo-interpeduncular-axis
#8
REVIEW
Susanna Molas, Steven R DeGroot, Rubing Zhao-Shea, Andrew R Tapper
While innovative modern neuroscience approaches have aided in discerning brain circuitry underlying negative emotional behaviors including fear and anxiety responses, how these circuits are recruited in normal and pathological conditions remains poorly understood. Recently, genetic tools that selectively manipulate single neuronal populations have uncovered an understudied circuit, the medial habenula (mHb)-interpeduncular (IPN) axis, that modulates basal negative emotional responses. Interestingly, the mHb-IPN pathway also represents an essential circuit that signals heightened anxiety induced by nicotine withdrawal...
November 24, 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#9
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885317/poetry-and-neuroscience-an-interdisciplinary-conversation
#10
James Wilkes, Sophie K Scott
Dialogues and collaborations between scientists and non-scientists are now widely understood as important elements of scientific research and public engagement with science. In recognition of this, the authors, a neuroscientist and a poet, use a dialogical approach to extend questions and ideas first shared during a lab-based poetry residency. They recorded a conversation and then expanded it into an essayistic form, allowing divergent disciplinary understandings and uses of experiment, noise, voice and emotion to be articulated, shared and questioned...
2016: Configurations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870443/sex-differences-in-depression-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#11
REVIEW
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Erika Comasco, Marios K Georgakis, Alkistis Skalkidou
Women have a lifetime risk of major depression double that of men but only during their reproductive years. This sex difference has been attributed partially to activational effects of female sex steroids and also to the burdens of pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. Men, in contrast, have a reproductive period difficult to delineate, and research on the mental health of men has rarely considered the effects of fatherhood. However, the couple goes through a number of potentially stressing events during the reproductive period, and both mothers and fathers are at risk of developing peripartum depression...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867832/a-neuroimaging-point-of-view-on-the-diversity-of-social-cognition-evidence-for-extended-influence-of-experience-and-emotion-related-factors-on-face-processing
#12
REVIEW
Nathalie George
Faces are key social stimuli that convey a wealth of information essential for person perception and adaptive interpersonal behaviour. Studies in the domain of cognitive, affective, and social neuroscience have put in light that the processing of faces recruits specific visual regions and activates a distributed set of brain regions related to attentional, emotional, social, and memory processes associated with the perception of faces and the extraction of the numerous information attached to them. Studies using neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have allowed localizing these brain regions and characterizing their functional properties...
2016: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#13
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852344/neuroscience-fiction-as-eidol%C3%A3-social-reflection-and-neuroethical-obligations-in-depictions-of-neuroscience-in-film
#14
Rachel Wurzman, David Yaden, James Giordano
Neuroscience and neurotechnology are increasingly being employed to assess and alter cognition, emotions, and behaviors, and the knowledge and implications of neuroscience have the potential to radically affect, if not redefine, notions of what constitutes humanity, the human condition, and the "self." Such capability renders neuroscience a compelling theme that is becoming ubiquitous in literary and cinematic fiction. Such neuro-SciFi (or "NeuroS/F") may be seen as eidolá: a created likeness that can either accurately-or superficially, in a limited way-represent that which it depicts...
November 17, 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822488/the-neuroscience-of-emotion-regulation-development-implications-for-education
#15
Rebecca E Martin, Kevin N Ochsner
Emotion regulation is a critical life skill that can facilitate learning and improve educational outcomes. Developmental studies find that the ability to regulate emotion improves with age. In neuroimaging studies, emotion regulation abilities are associated with recruitment of a set of prefrontal brain regions involved in cognitive control and executive functioning that mature late in development. In this review we discuss the regulation of both negative and positive emotions, the role of other people in guiding our emotional responses, and the potential applications of this work to education...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798258/reply-to-barrett-affective-neuroscience-needs-objective-criteria-for-emotions
#16
Ralph Adolphs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798257/the-theory-of-constructed-emotion-an-active-inference-account-of-interoception-and-categorization
#17
Lisa Feldman Barrett
The science of emotion has been using folk psychology categories derived from philosophy to search for the brain basis of emotion. The last two decades of neuroscience research have brought us to the brink of a paradigm shift in understanding the workings of the brain, however, setting the stage to revolutionize our understanding of what emotions are and how they work. In this paper, we begin with the structure and function of the brain, and from there deduce what the biological basis of emotions might be. The answer is a brain-based, computational account called the theory of constructed emotion...
October 19, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798256/how-should-neuroscience-study-emotions-by-distinguishing-emotion-states-concepts-and-experiences
#18
Ralph Adolphs
In this debate with Lisa Feldman Barrett, I defend a view of emotions as biological functional states. Affective neuroscience studies emotions in this sense, but it also studies the conscious experience of emotion ("feelings"), our ability to attribute emotions to others and to animals ("attribution", "anthropomorphizing"), our ability to think and talk about emotion ("concepts of emotion", "semantic knowledge of emotion"), and the behaviors caused by an emotion ("expression of emotions", "emotional reactions")...
October 19, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798251/when-appearance-does-not-match-accent-neural-correlates-of-ethnicity-related-expectancy-violations
#19
Karolina Hansen, Melanie C Steffens, Tamara Rakić, Holger Wiese
Most research on ethnicity in neuroscience and social psychology has focused on visual cues. However, accents are central social markers of ethnicity and strongly influence evaluations of others. Here, we examine how varying auditory (vocal accent) and visual (facial appearance) information about others affects neural correlates of ethnicity-related expectancy violations. Participants listened to standard German and Turkish-accented speakers and were subsequently presented with faces whose ethnic appearance was either congruent or incongruent to these voices...
October 19, 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791054/human-amygdala-engagement-moderated-by-early-life-stress-exposure-is-a-biobehavioral-target-for-predicting-recovery-on-antidepressants
#20
Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski, Mayuresh S Korgaonkar, Erin Green, Trisha Suppes, Alan F Schatzberg, Trevor Hastie, Charles B Nemeroff, Leanne M Williams
Amygdala circuitry and early life stress (ELS) are both strongly and independently implicated in the neurobiology of depression. Importantly, animal models have revealed that the contribution of ELS to the development and maintenance of depression is likely a consequence of structural and physiological changes in amygdala circuitry in response to stress hormones. Despite these mechanistic foundations, amygdala engagement and ELS have not been investigated as biobehavioral targets for predicting functional remission in translational human studies of depression...
October 18, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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