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Gata6

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#1
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049534/case-report-maternal-mosaicism-resulting-in-inheritance-of-a-novel-gata6-mutation-causing-pancreatic-agenesis-and-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Daphne Yau, Elisa De Franco, Sarah E Flanagan, Sian Ellard, Miriam Blumenkrantz, John J Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Haploinsufficiency of the GATA6 transcription factor gene was recently found to be the most common cause of pancreatic agenesis, a rare cause of neonatal diabetes mellitus. Although most cases are de novo, we describe three siblings with inherited GATA6 haploinsufficiency and the rare finding of parental mosaicism. CASE PRESENTATION: The proband was born at term with severe intrauterine growth restriction, the first child of non-consanguineous parents...
January 3, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940555/the-csrp2bp-histone-acetyltransferase-drives-smooth-muscle-gene-expression
#3
Yanlin Ma, Qi Li, Ankang Li, Yunjian Wei, Ping Long, Xinxing Jiang, Fei Sun, Ralf Weiskirchen, Bangyong Wu, Chao Liang, Joachim Grötzinger, Yanxing Wei, Wei Yu, Mark Mercola, Yuanhua Huang, Jun Wang, Yanhong Yu, Robert J Schwartz
The expression of nearly all smooth muscle genes are controlled by serum response factor binding sites in their promoter regions. However, SRF alone is not sufficient for regulating smooth muscle cell development. It associates with other cardiovascular specific cofactors to regulate smooth muscle gene expression. Previously, we showed that the transcription co-factor CRP2 was a regulator of smooth muscle gene expression. Here, we report that CSRP2BP, a coactivator for CRP2, is a histone acetyltransferase and a driver of smooth muscle gene expression...
December 9, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929731/autophagic-homeostasis-is-required-for-the-pluripotency-of-cancer-stem-cells
#4
Tanveer Sharif, Emma Martell, Cathleen Dai, Barry E Kennedy, Patrick Murphy, Derek R Clements, Youra Kim, Patrick W K Lee, Shashi A Gujar
Pluripotency is an important feature of cancer stem cells (CSCs) that contributes to self-renewal and chemoresistance. The maintenance of pluripotency of CSCs under various pathophysiological conditions requires a complex interaction between various cellular pathways including those involved in homeostasis and energy metabolism. However, the exact mechanisms that maintain the CSC pluripotency remain poorly understood. In this report, using both human and murine models of CSCs, we demonstrate that basal levels of autophagy are required to maintain the pluripotency of CSCs, and that this process is differentially regulated by the rate-limiting enzyme in the NAD(+) synthesis pathway NAMPT (nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase) and the transcription factor POU5F1/OCT4 (POU class 5 homeobox 1)...
December 8, 2016: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908934/gata6-promotes-hair-follicle-progenitor-cell-renewal-by-genome-maintenance-during-proliferation
#5
Alex B Wang, Ying V Zhang, Tudorita Tumbar
Cell proliferation is essential to rapid tissue growth and repair, but can result in replication-associated genome damage. Here, we implicate the transcription factor Gata6 in adult mouse hair follicle regeneration where it controls the renewal of rapidly proliferating epithelial (matrix) progenitors and hence the extent of production of terminally differentiated lineages. We find that Gata6 protects against DNA damage associated with proliferation, thus preventing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Furthermore, we show that in vivo Gata6 stimulates EDA-receptor signaling adaptor Edaradd level and NF-κB pathway activation, known to be important for DNA damage repair and stress response in general and for hair follicle growth in particular...
January 4, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902469/the-mir-196b-mirna-inhibits-the-gata6-intestinal-transcription-factor-and-is-upregulated-in-colon-cancer-patients
#6
Sebastian Fantini, Valentina Salsi, Luca Reggiani, Antonino Maiorana, Vincenzo Zappavigna
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible misexpression of the microRNA miR-196b in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its role in controlling the expression of GATA6, a putative target gene crucial to intestinal cell homeostasis and tumorigenesis. DESIGN: The expression of miR-196b was analysed by qRT-PCR in surgical resection samples from a cohort of sporadic colon cancer patients. Manipulations of miR-196b expression were performed to demonstrate its inhibition of GATA6 protein levels...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894866/transcriptional-regulation-of-the-sodium-channel-gene-scn5a-by-gata4-in-human-heart
#7
Anna Tarradas, Mel Lina Pinsach-Abuin, Carlos Mackintosh, Oriol Llorà-Batlle, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Montserrat Batlle, Félix Pérez-Villa, Thomas Zimmer, Ivan Garcia-Bassets, Ramon Brugada, Pedro Beltran-Alvarez, Sara Pagans
Aberrant expression of the sodium channel gene (SCN5A) has been proposed to disrupt cardiac action potential and cause human cardiac arrhythmias, but the mechanisms of SCN5A gene regulation and dysregulation still remain largely unexplored. To gain insight into the transcriptional regulatory networks of SCN5A, we surveyed the promoter and first intronic regions of the SCN5A gene, predicting the presence of several binding sites for GATA transcription factors (TFs). Consistent with this prediction, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and sequential ChIP (Re-ChIP) assays show co-occupancy of cardiac GATA TFs GATA4 and GATA5 on promoter and intron 1 SCN5A regions in fresh-frozen human left ventricle samples...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882303/ovarian-like-differentiation-in-eutopic-and-ectopic-endometrioses-with-aberrant-fsh-receptor-insl3-and-gata4-6-expression
#8
Baptiste Fouquet, Pietro Santulli, Jean-Christophe Noel, Micheline Misrahi
Endometriosis, the hormone-dependent extrauterine dissemination of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, affects 5-15% of women of reproductive age. Pathogenesis remains poorly understood as well as the estrogen production by endometriotic tissue yielding autocrine growth. Estrogens (E2) are normally produced by the ovaries. We investigated whether aberrant "ovarian-like" differentiation occurred in endometriosis. 69 women, with (n = 38) and without (n = 31) histologically proven endometriosis were recruited...
December 2016: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821429/non-invasive-lung-cancer-diagnosis-by-detection-of-gata6-and-nkx2-1-isoforms-in-exhaled-breath-condensate
#9
Aditi Mehta, Julio Cordero, Stephanie Dobersch, Addi J Romero-Olmedo, Rajkumar Savai, Johannes Bodner, Cho-Ming Chao, Ludger Fink, Ernesto Guzmán-Díaz, Indrabahadur Singh, Gergana Dobreva, Ulf R Rapp, Stefan Günther, Olga N Ilinskaya, Saverio Bellusci, Reinhard H Dammann, Thomas Braun, Werner Seeger, Stefan Gattenlöhner, Achim Tresch, Andreas Günther, Guillermo Barreto
Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early LC diagnosis is crucial to reduce the high case fatality rate of this disease. In this case-control study, we developed an accurate LC diagnosis test using retrospectively collected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human lung tissues and prospectively collected exhaled breath condensates (EBCs). Following international guidelines for diagnostic methods with clinical application, reproducible standard operating procedures (SOP) were established for every step comprising our LC diagnosis method...
December 1, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756709/gain-of-function-mutations-in-gata6-lead-to-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Nathan R Tucker, Saagar Mahida, Jiangchuan Ye, Elizabeth J Abraham, Julie A Mina, Victoria A Parsons, Michael A McLellan, Marisa A Shea, Alan Hanley, Emelia J Benjamin, David J Milan, Honghuang Lin, Patrick T Ellinor
BACKGROUND: The genetic basis of atrial fibrillation (AF) and congenital heart disease remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the causative mutation in a family with AF, atrial septal defects, and ventricular septal defects. METHODS: We evaluated a pedigree with 16 family members, 1 with an atrial septal defect, 1 with a ventricular septal defect, and 3 with AF; we performed whole exome sequencing in 3 affected family members...
October 15, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624660/hemodynamic-influence-on-smooth-muscle-cell-kinetics-and-phenotype-during-early-vein-graft-adaptation
#11
Benjamin Klein, Anthony Destephens, Leanne Dumeny, Qiongyao Hu, Yong He, Kerri O'Malley, Zhihua Jiang, Roger Tran-Son-Tay, Scott Berceli
Pathologic vascular adaptation following local injury is the primary driver for accelerated intimal hyperplasia and an occlusive phenotype. Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation within the wall, and migration into the developing intima, is a major component of this remodeling response. The primary objective in the current study was to investigate the effect of the local biomechanical forces on early vein graft adaptation, specifically focusing on the spatial and temporal response of SMC proliferation and conversion from a contractile to synthetic architecture...
September 13, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616216/fsh-stimulation-of-anestrous-cats-improves-oocyte-quality-and-development-of-parthenogenetic-embryos
#12
Daniel Veraguas, Paula F Gallegos, Alejandra E Velasquez, Fidel O Castro, Lleretny Rodriguez-Alvarez
In the domestic cat, the efficiency of in vitro embryo production systems is negatively affected during the nonbreeding season. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of FSH stimulation in anestrous cats, on quality of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and in vitro developmental competence after parthenogenetic activation. To accomplish this purpose, anestrous cats were grouped into: (1) FSH treated (serial doses of 5 mg of porcine FSH each, every 24 hours, for 4 days) and (2) untreated control...
January 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601327/esrrb-directly-binds-to-gata6-promoter-and-regulates-its-expression-with-dax1-and-ncoa3
#13
Kousuke Uranishi, Tadayuki Akagi, Hiroshi Koide, Takashi Yokota
Estrogen-related receptor beta (Esrrb) is expressed in embryonic stem (ES) cells and is involved in self-renewal ability and pluripotency. Previously, we found that Dax1 is associated with Esrrb and represses its transcriptional activity. Further, the disruption of the Dax1-Esrrb interaction increases the expression of the extra-embryonic endoderm marker Gata6 in ES cells. Here, we investigated the influences of Esrrb and Dax1 on Gata6 expression. Esrrb overexpression in ES cells induced endogenous Gata6 mRNA and Gata6 promoter activity...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599506/downregulation-of-expression-of-mater-genes-sox9-foxa2-and-gata4-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells-stimulated-with-tgf%C3%AE-1-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#14
L G Kondratyeva, A A Sveshnikova, E V Grankina, I P Chernov, M R Kopantseva, E P Kopantzev, E D Sverdlov
We show characteristic morphological changes corresponding to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program fulfillment in PANC1 cell line stimulated with TGFβ1. Our results support downregulation of E-cadherin protein. We show 5- and 28-fold increase in SNAI1 and SNAI2 expression levels and 25- and 15-fold decrease in CDH1 and KRT8 expression levels, respectively, which confirms the EMT-program fulfillment. We demonstrate downregulation of expression of pancreatic master genes SOX9, FOXA2, and GATA4 (2-, 5-, and 4-fold, respectively) and absence of significant changes in HES1, NR5A2, and GATA6 expression levels in the cells stimulated with TGFβ1...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598141/aberrant-jak-stat-signaling-suppresses-tff1-and-tff2-through-epigenetic-silencing-of-gata6-in-gastric-cancer
#15
Cheng-Shyong Wu, Kuo-Liang Wei, Jian-Liang Chou, Chung-Kuang Lu, Ching-Chuan Hsieh, Jora M J Lin, Yi-Fang Deng, Wan-Ting Hsu, Hui-Min David Wang, Chung-Hang Leung, Dik-Lung Ma, Chin Li, Michael W Y Chan
Aberrant Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling is crucial to the development of gastric cancer. In this study, we examined the role of STAT3 in the expression and methylation of its targets in gastric cancer patients. Results from RNA sequencing identified an inverse correlation between the expression of STAT3 and GATA6 in 23 pairs of gastric cancer patient samples. We discovered that the expression of GATA6 is epigenetically silenced through promoter methylation in gastric cancer cell lines...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586588/the-characterization-of-an-intestine-like-genomic-signature-maintained-during-barrett-s-associated-adenocarcinogenesis-reveals-an-nr5a2-mediated-promotion-of-cancer-cell-survival
#16
Shane P Duggan, Fiona M Behan, Murat Kirca, Abdul Zaheer, Sarah A McGarrigle, John V Reynolds, Gisela M F Vaz, Mathias O Senge, Dermot Kelleher
Barrett's oesophagus (BO), an intestinal-type metaplasia (IM), typically arising in conjunction with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, is a prominent risk factor for the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). The molecular similarities between IM and normal intestinal tissues are ill-defined. Consequently, the contribution of intestine-enriched factors expressed within BO to oncogenesis is unclear. Herein, using transcriptomics we define the intestine-enriched genes expressed in meta-profiles of BO and OAC...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551152/mhc-ii-resident-peritoneal-and-pleural-macrophages-rely-on-irf4-for-development-from-circulating-monocytes
#17
Ki-Wook Kim, Jesse W Williams, Ya-Ting Wang, Stoyan Ivanov, Susan Gilfillan, Marco Colonna, Herbert W Virgin, Emmanuel L Gautier, Gwendalyn J Randolph
Peritoneal and pleural resident macrophages in the mouse share common features and in each compartment exist as two distinct subpopulations: F4/80(+) macrophages and MHC II(+) CD11c(+) macrophages. F4/80(+) macrophages derive from embryonic precursors, and their maintenance is controlled by Gata6. However, the origin and regulatory factors that maintain MHC II(+) macrophages remain unknown. Here, we show that the MHC II(+) macrophages arise postnatally from CCR2-dependent precursors that resemble monocytes...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540106/prematurity-and-genetic-testing-for-neonatal-diabetes
#18
Rachel E J Besser, Sarah E Flanagan, Deborah G J Mackay, I K Temple, Maggie H Shepherd, Beverley M Shields, Sian Ellard, Andrew T Hattersley
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in premature infants is usually thought to reflect inadequate pancreatic development rather than monogenic neonatal diabetes. No studies, to our knowledge, have investigated the prevalence of monogenic forms of diabetes in preterm infants. METHODS: We studied 750 patients with diabetes diagnosed before 6 months of age. We compared the genetic etiology and clinical characteristics of 146 preterm patients born <37 weeks and compared them with 604 born ≥37 weeks...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512969/histone-deacetylase-and-gata-binding-factor-6-regulate-arterial-remodeling-in-angiotensin-ii-induced-hypertension
#19
Gwi Ran Kim, Soo-Na Cho, Hyung-Seok Kim, Seon Young Yu, Sin Young Choi, Yuhee Ryu, Ming Quan Lin, Li Jin, Hae Jin Kee, Myung Ho Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been reported to improve essential and secondary hypertension. However, the specific HDAC that might serve as a therapeutic target and the associated upstream and downstream molecules involved in regulating hypertension remain unknown. Our study was aimed at investigating whether a selective inhibitor of class II HDAC (MC1568) modulates hypertension, elucidating the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Hypertension was established by administering angiotensin II (Ang II) to mice before treatment with MC1568...
November 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501329/nuclear-gsk3%C3%AE-promotes-tumorigenesis-by-phosphorylating-kdm1a-and-inducing-its-deubiquitylation-by-usp22
#20
Aidong Zhou, Kangyu Lin, Sicong Zhang, Yaohui Chen, Nu Zhang, Jianfei Xue, Zhongyong Wang, Kenneth D Aldape, Keping Xie, James R Woodgett, Suyun Huang
Emerging evidence has shown that GSK3β plays oncogenic roles in multiple tumour types; however, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we show that nuclear GSK3β is responsible for the accumulation of the histone demethylase KDM1A and critically regulates histone H3K4 methylation during tumorigenesis. GSK3β phosphorylates KDM1A Ser683 upon priming phosphorylation of KDM1A Ser687 by CK1α. Phosphorylation of KDM1A induces its binding with and deubiquitylation by USP22, leading to KDM1A stabilization...
September 2016: Nature Cell Biology
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