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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447400/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-superficial-fungal-foot-infection-in-thai-naval-rating-cadets
#1
Punyawee Ongsri, Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Penvadee Pattanaprichakul, Pattachee Ongmahutmongkol, Chulaluk Komoltri, Kanokvalai Kulthanan
Background: Superficial fungal foot infection is one of the most important dermatological diseases currently affecting military personnel. Many Thai naval rating cadets are found to suffer from superficial fungal foot infections and their sequels. Objective: To investigate prevalence, potent risk factors, responding pathogens and clinical correlation of superficial fungal foot infection in Thai naval rating cadets training in Naval rating school, Sattahip, Thailand...
February 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439839/characterizing-the-clinical-isolates-of-dermatophytes-in-hamadan-city-central-west-of-iran-using-pcr-rlfp-method
#2
S Farokhipor, S A Ghiasian, H Nazeri, M Kord, M Didehdar
OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is one of the most common mycotic infections, which considered as a public health problem in the major of countries. This study evaluated the molecular epidemiology of dermatophytosis in patients referred to Farshchian hospital in Hamadan city with PCR-RFLP method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and five specimens from clinically suspected patients of dermatophytosis were collected and analyzed by direct microscopic and culture. The isolates were identified by PCR-RFLP method using the MvaI restriction enzyme...
February 11, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437818/tinea-of-vellus-hair-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#3
Thanadon Eksomtramage, Kumpol Aiempanakit
Tinea infection is a common superficial fungal infection of the skin, hair and nails. Tinea of vellus hair is a rare form of dermatophytosis that is difficult to diagnose and treat. Herein, the authors report the case of a patient who had an itchy rash on the cheek. Microscopic and mycological studies confirmed the diagnosis of tinea of vellus hair. The patient was treated with systemic antifungal therapy with clinical improvement. This report aims to describe an infrequent subtype of common disease and review clinical clues, tools for diagnosis as well as treatment plans...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435597/-hedgehog-fungi-in-a%C3%A2-dermatological-office-in-munich-case-reports-and-review
#4
REVIEW
A Kargl, B Kosse, S Uhrlaß, D Koch, C Krüger, K Eckert, P Nenoff
Patient 1: After contact to a central European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), a 50-year-old female with atopy developed erythrosquamous tinea manus on the thumb and thenar eminence of the right hand. The patient had previously been scalded by hot steam at the affected site. The zoophilic dermatophyte Trichophyton erinacei could be cultured from the hedgehog as well as from scrapings from the woman's skin. Antifungal treatment of the hedgehog was initiated using 2 weekly cycles of itraconazole solution (0...
February 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433854/-dermatophytosis-due-to-trichophyton-violaceum-at-the-parasitology-mycology-laboratory-of-the-military-hospital-of-meknes-about-twelve-cases
#5
REVIEW
G Zoulati, R Y Maïga, M El Haouri, M Er-Rami
INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton violaceum is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, common in Mediterranean and African countries, which causes particularly trichophytic tinea in school-aged children. The objective of this work is to study the clinical and epidemiological profile of T. violaceum infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective study of a series of twelve cases of T. violaceum dermatophytosis diagnosed among patients referred to our laboratory for suspicion of dermatomycosis during a period from January 2011 to December 2016...
February 9, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431372/pigmentation-disorders-diagnosis-and-management
#6
Scott Plensdorf, Maria Livieratos, Nabil Dada
Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. Typical hyperpigmentation disorders include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and café au lait macules. These conditions are generally benign but can be distressing to patients. Appropriate dermatologic history, skin examination, and skin biopsy, when appropriate, can help exclude melanoma and its precursors. In addition to addressing the underlying condition, hyperpigmentation is treated with topical agents, chemical peels, cryotherapy, light or laser therapy, or a combination of these methods...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427797/severe-lower-limb-cellulitis-defining-the-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-primary-episodes-in-a-population-based-case-control-study
#7
Jeffrey Cannon, Gawri Rajakaruna, John Dyer, Jonathan Carapetis, Laurens Manning
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and risk factors for primary episodes of severe lower leg cellulitis (LLC). METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study using state-wide data linkage of adults presenting to Western Australian (WA) hospitals with a first ever LLC from January 2002 to December 2013. To determine risk factors, medical records from the index patient, together with comparable data from controls matched by age, sex, postcode and month of admission were extracted...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417157/-prevalence-of-dermatomycoses-in-professional-football-players-a-study-based-on-data-of-german-bundesliga-fitness-check-ups-2013-2015-compared-to-data-of-the-general-population
#8
V Buder, M Augustin, I Schäfer, G Welsch, P Catala-Lehnen, K Herberger
BACKGROUND: The prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of onychomycosis is of great importance for professional athletes to avoid physical limitations by complications. So far, there is only little data on the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to detect the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional football players compared to the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective, non-interventional, controlled study on the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional football players was carried out on football players of a German Bundesliga team compared with a previously studied, equivalently aged German working population...
February 7, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388537/blad-containing-oligomer-a-novel-fungicide-used-in-crop-protection-as-an-alternative-treatment-for-tinea-pedis-and-tinea-versicolor
#9
Alexandra Carreira, João Boavida Ferreira, Iliana Pereira, João Ferreira, Paulo Filipe, Ricardo Boavida Ferreira, Sara Monteiro
PURPOSE: The lack of novel antifungal drugs and the increasing incidence and severity of fungal infections are major concerns worldwide. Herein, we tested the activity of the Blad-containing oligomer (BCO), a new antifungal molecule already in use for agriculture, on Malassezia spp. and dermatophytes, the causal agents of human tinea versicolor and tinea pedis. Given the lack of a standard method for Malassezia susceptibility testing and the plethora of published methods, we also developed an improved method for this genus...
February 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386843/tinea-incognito-with-folliculitis-like-presentation-a-case-series
#10
Min-Woo Kim, Hyun-Sun Park, Jeong Mo Bae, Hyun-Sun Yoon, Soyun Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380297/epidemiology-of-fungal-infections-in-china
#11
REVIEW
Min Chen, Yuan Xu, Nan Hong, Yali Yang, Wenzhi Lei, Lin Du, Jingjun Zhao, Xia Lei, Lin Xiong, Langqi Cai, Hui Xu, Weihua Pan, Wanqing Liao
With the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. By contrast, the overall incidence of invasive fungal infections has continued to rise...
January 11, 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377078/impact-of-climate-change-on-dermatological-conditions-related-to-flooding-update-from-the-international-society-of-dermatology-climate-change-committee
#12
REVIEW
Johannes F Dayrit, Lunardi Bintanjoyo, Louise K Andersen, Mark Dennis P Davis
Climate change contributes to the increase in severity and frequency of flooding, which is the most frequent and deadly disaster worldwide. Flood-related damage can be very severe and include health effects. Among those health impacts, dermatological diseases are one of the most frequently encountered. Both infectious and noninfectious dermatological conditions are increasing after flooding. We searched PubMed using the search term climate change OR global warming OR rainfall OR flooding OR skin. Articles published in the English-language literature were included...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371507/burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-jordan
#13
Jamal Wadi, David W Denning
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of fungal infections in Jordan for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population data was from UN 2011 statistics and TB cases from WHO in 2012. Fewer than 100 patients with HIV were recorded in Jordan in 2013. Approximately 100 renal transplants and eight liver transplants are performed annually. There were 12,233 major surgical procedures in Jordan in 2013, of which 5.3% were major abdominal surgeries; candidemia was estimated in 5% of the population based on other countries, with 33% occurring in the ICU...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365241/pityriasis-rosea-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Jose M Villalon-Gomez
Pityriasis rosea is a common self-limiting rash that usually starts with a herald patch on the trunk and progresses along the Langer lines to a generalized rash over the trunk and limbs. The diagnosis is based on clinical and physical examination findings. The herald patch is an erythematous lesion with an elevated border and depressed center. The generalized rash usually presents two weeks after the herald patch. Patients can develop general malaise, fatigue, nausea, headaches, joint pain, enlarged lymph nodes, fever, and sore throat before or during the course of the rash...
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364534/italian-multicentre-study-found-infectious-and-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-children-adopted-from-africa-and-recommends-prompt-medical-screening
#15
Elena Chiappini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Martina Bianconi, Giuseppina Veneruso, Nicolino Grasso, Silvia Garazzino, Rosangela Arancio, Piero Valentini, Anna Ficcadenti, Maria Rosalia Da Riol, Simona La Placa, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Gianni Bona
AIM: This study evaluated the prevalence of infectious diseases and immunisation status of children adopted from Africa METHODS: We studied 762 African children referred to 11 Italian paediatric centres in 2009-2015. Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected and analysed. RESULTS: The median age of the children (60.3% males) was 3.6 years, 52.6% came from Ethiopia and 50.1% had at least one infectious disease. Parasitic infections accounted for the majority of the infectious diseases (409/715) and the most common were Giardia lamblia (n=239), Toxocara canis (n=65) and skin infections (n=205), notably Tinea capitis/corporis (n=134) and Molluscum contagiosum (n=56) Active tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed in nine children (1...
January 24, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363504/tinea-faciei-in-a-very-preterm-infant
#16
Erin Kate Stanes, Tobias Strunk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362607/a-comparative-study-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism-and-fungal-culture-for-the-evaluation-of-fungal-species-in-patients-with-tinea-cruris
#17
Cut Hazlianda, Kamaliah Muis, Isma Lubis
BACKGROUND: Tinea cruris is the second most common dermatophytosis in the world and the most common in Indonesia. The conventional laboratory tests for dermatophyte infection are slow and less specific. Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) is a PCR method with the addition of enzyme after amplification, therefore enabling for more specific results. AIM: This study aimed to find whether the PCR-RFLP test could yield the same fungal species result as a fungal culture...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361043/keratin-hydrolysis-by-dermatophytes
#18
Derry K Mercer, Colin S Stewart
Dermatophytes are the most common cause of superficial fungal infections (tinea infections) and are a specialized group of filamentous fungi capable of infecting and degrading keratinised tissues, including skin, hair, and nail. Essential to their pathogenicity and virulence is the production of a broad spectrum of proteolytic enzymes and other key proteins involved in keratin biodegradation and utilization of its breakdown products. The initial stage of biodegradation of native keratin is considered to be sulfitolysis, in which the extensive disulfide bridges present in keratin are hydrolyzed, although some secreted subtilisins can degrade dye-impregnated keratin azure without prior reduction (Sub3 and Sub4)...
January 17, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354778/the-efficacy-of-gaseous-ozone-against-different-forms-of-candida-albicans
#19
M Zargaran, M Fatahinia, A Zarei Mahmoudabadi
Background and Purpose: Ozone is an inorganic molecule with effective antimicrobial properties. Clinical treatment of ozonated water was used for the elimination of Candidaalbicans, Enterococcus faecalis, endotoxins, and biofilms from root canals. In addition, its therapeutic effects for tinea pedis, ulcers, and leishmaniasis were investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the fungicidal effects of ozone on different forms of C. albicans. In addition, antifungal susceptibility profile of strains was assessed before and after exposure to ozone...
June 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328498/an-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-five-flavonoids-from-stellerachamaejasme-l-in-rat-plasma-and-its-application-to-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#20
Yun-Qing Li, Cheng-Jian Li, Lei Lv, Qing-Qing Cao, Xian Qian, Si Wei Li, Hui Wang, Liang Zhao
Stellerachamaejasme L. has been used as a Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of scabies, tinea, stubborn skin ulcers, chronic tracheitis, cancer and tuberculosis. A sensitive and selective ultra-high liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of five flavonoids (stelleranol, chamaechromone, neochamaejasmin A, chamaejasmine and isochamaejasmin) of Stellerachamaejasme L. in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column (2...
January 12, 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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