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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223753/five-cases-of-phytophotodermatitis-caused-by-fig-leaves-and-relevant-literature-review
#1
Jin-Hwa Son, Hyunju Jin, Hyang-Suk You, Woo-Haing Shim, Jeong-Min Kim, Gun-Wook Kim, Hoon-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Moon-Bum Kim, Byung-Soo Kim
Phytophotodermatitis is a condition caused by sequential exposure to photosensitizing substances present in plants followed by ultraviolet light. Several plants (e.g., limes, celery, fig, and wild parsnip) contain furocoumarin compounds (psoralens). It is important for dermatologists to be aware of phytophotodermatitis because it may be misdiagnosed as cellulitis, tinea, or allergic contact dermatitis. We present five patients with a sharply defined erythematous swollen patch with bullae on both feet. They described soaking their feet in a fig leaves decoction to treat their underlying dermatologic diseases...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223741/changing-in-the-epidemiology-of-tinea-capitis-among-school-children-in-egypt
#2
Rasha H Bassyouni, Naglaa A El-Sherbiny, Talal A Abd El Raheem, Basma H Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis remains a prevalent health problem among school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of tinea capitis among primary school students, in Fayoum, Egypt with identification of etiological agents in both public and private primary schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in twelve primary schools. The students were selected from different grades with a total number of 12,128 students. Hair and scalp were clinically examined for any lesions that may suspect tinea capitis and mycological samples were collected for direct microscopy and culture...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220322/serious-fungal-infections-in-the-philippines
#3
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216728/marine-and-other-aquatic-dermatoses
#4
Surg Capt Jandhyala Sridhar, Surg Cdr Rajeev Deo
Occupational and recreational aquatic activity predisposes our population to a wide variety of dermatoses. Sunburn, urticaria, jellyfish stings, and contact dermatitis to rubber equipment are common allergies that are encountered in the aquatic environment. Among the infections, tinea versicolor, intertrigo, and verruca vulgaris are widespread. Swimmer's itch may occur due to skin penetration by schistosome cercariae, while free-floating nematocysts of marine coelenterates may precipitate seabather's eruption...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208874/topical-corticosteroid-misuse-the-scenario-in-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#5
Santwana Mahar, Khushbu Mahajan, Swati Agarwal, Hemanta Kumar Kar, Swapan Kumar Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Irrational use of Topical Corticosteroid (TC) is quite common in India due to unrestricted availability and use of TC not only by general public but also by physicians and chemists due to quick relief of symptoms in different dermatological conditions. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate and analyse the prevalence of misuse of TC and the causes behind misuse of TC among patients in a dermatology outpatient department in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study conducted over a period of 5 months (1(st) June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197622/-practicing-veterinarians-perception-of-bovine-ringworm-as-herd-health-problem
#6
Joachim L Kleen, Tatjana Andres, Ulrike Exner, Regina Strie
OBJECTIVE: Bovine ringworm (tinea) is generally described as a disease occurring regularly in cattle. Actual data are rare, whereas the disease is regularly reported in case reports. To eradicate bovine ringworm, perception as well as measures, including hygiene and disinfection, are required. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a course for continuing education, 378 practicing veterinarians were asked in a questionnaire to state their view on bovine ringworm. RESULTS: The majority of the participants stated that ringworm was not satisfactorily perceived as an animal health problem and that the zoonotic potential was underestimated...
February 15, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196318/common-skin-conditions-in-children-skin-infections
#7
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin infections account for a significant subset of dermatologic conditions of childhood. Common cutaneous viral infections in children include warts, molluscum contagiosum, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and herpes simplex. Although viral infections are self-limited and often only mildly symptomatic, they can cause anxiety, embarrassment, and health care use. Recognition of their common and atypical presentations is necessary to differentiate them from other skin conditions of similar morphology. Impetigo, cellulitis, and abscess comprise the majority of childhood bacterial skin infections and are treated with topical or systemic antibiotics that cover group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188317/malodorous-discharge-redness-and-crusting-of-the-feet
#8
Alberto Marcelin, Jasmine R Marcelin, Larry M Baddour, Mark Davis
This man was initially treated with antifungals and antibiotics based on his history of tinea pedis. But 2 days later, his condition worsened and he was hospitalized.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188051/incidence-and-biodiversity-of-yeasts-dermatophytes-and-non-dermatophytes-in-superficial-skin-infections-in-assiut-egypt
#9
A H Moubasher, M A Abdel-Sater, Z Soliman
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify the incidence of the causal agents from dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes and yeasts in Assiut Governorate employing, beside the morphological and physiological techniques, the genotypic ones. PATIENTS: Samples from infected nails, skin and hair were taken from 125 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who presented with onychomycosis, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris and tinea pedis during the period from February 2012 to October 2015 were clinically examined and diagnosed by dermatologists and were guided to Assiut University Mycological Centre for direct microscopic examination, culturing and identification...
February 7, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179902/severe-chromoblastomycosis-like-cutaneous-infection-caused-by-chrysosporium-keratinophilum
#10
Juhaer Mijiti, Bo Pan, Sybren de Hoog, Yoshikazu Horie, Tetsuhiro Matsuzawa, Yilixiati Yilifan, Yong Liu, Parida Abliz, Weihua Pan, Danqi Deng, Yun Guo, Peiliang Zhang, Wanqing Liao, Shuwen Deng
Chrysosporium species are saprophytic filamentous fungi commonly found in the soil, dung, and animal fur. Subcutaneous infection caused by this organism is rare in humans. We report a case of subcutaneous fungal infection caused by Chrysosporium keratinophilum in a 38-year-old woman. The patient presented with severe chromoblastomycosis-like lesions on the left side of the jaw and neck for 6 years. She also got tinea corporis on her trunk since she was 10 years old. Chrysosporium keratinophilum was isolated from the tissue on the neck and scales on the trunk, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116455/-dermatophyte-current-situation
#11
REVIEW
P Mayser
Currently, a mycid is defined as hyperergic reaction that develops from a remote localized infection and in which no fungus is detectable. Criteria for a mycid caused by a dermatophyte (dermatophytid) are (1) proven dermatophytosis elsewhere, (2) no evidence for fungal elements in the lesions of the -id reaction, (3) initially often worsening of the lesions under therapy with highly potent systemic antimycotics, and (4) clearing after the dermatophytosis has been treated sufficiently. The most common dermatophytid is a symmetrical dyshidrotic mycid of the hands in connection with an often highly inflammatory mycotic infection of the feet especially by Trichophyton mentagrophytes...
January 23, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115409/epidemiology-of-trichophyton-verrucosum-infection-in-rennes-university-hospital-france-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#12
Laura Courtellemont, Sylviane Chevrier, Brigitte Degeilh, Sorya Belaz, Jean-Pierre Gangneux, Florence Robert-Gangneux
Trichophyton verrucosum is a zoophilic dermatophyte, known as a causative agent of inflammatory mycoses of the skin and the scalp in humans. In this study, we reviewed all cases of T. verrucosum infection diagnosed in our laboratory over a 12-year period, to determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics. Among 18,340 samples analyzed, 5,186 cultured positive with dermatophytes (2674 patients), of which 64 samples (41 patients) were positive for T. verrucosum Our data show that there was a strong influence of age on the type of lesion, with children and adults presenting more frequently with tinea capitis and skin infections, respectively (P < ...
January 23, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101694/relationship-between-phenotypic-and-genotypic-characteristics-of-trichophyton-mentagrophytes-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-dermatophytosis
#13
I Dhib, I Khammari, A Yaacoub, F Hadj Slama, M Ben Saïd, R Zemni, A Fathallah
According to epidemiological, clinical and mycological criteria, it has long been admitted that the Trichophyton mentagrophytes species includes two varieties: a zoophilic variety (var. mentagrophytes) and an anthropophilic variety (var. interdigitale) that involve the upper and the lower part of the body, respectively. The further application of molecular techniques to the characterization of dermatophyte strains showed that this classification is unreliable. The aim of our study was to assess the usefulness of PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) and sequencing in the characterization of T...
January 18, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099612/tinea-faciei-on-the-right-eyebrow-caused-by-trichophyton-interdigitale
#14
Kai Wen Zhuang, Ya Ling Dai, Yu Ping Ran, Jebina Lama, Yi Ming Fan
Tinea faciei is a relatively uncommon dermatophyte infection entailing atypical clinical symptoms, usually misdiagnosed and treated with corticosteroids. The authors describe a case of tinea faciei on the right eyebrow caused by Trichophyton interdigitale. The patient was an 18-year-old girl, who had an inflammatory plaque with a scaly, pustular surface on the right eyebrow and upper eyelid, which had persisted for over 1 month. She was once misdiagnosed as having eczema and was treated using corticosteroid cream...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099610/dermatophytosis-caused-by-microsporum-gypseum-in-infants-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Beatriz da Silva Souza, Débora Sarzi Sartori, Carin de Andrade, Edna Weisheimer, Ana Elisa Kiszewski
Dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum gypseum is rare, especially in infants, with few published cases. Diagnosis in this age group is frequently delayed. We review the literature and report 4 new cases of tinea of glabrous skin caused by M. gypseum mimicking eczema in infants. Considering new and previously reported cases, half of patients were exposed to sand, emphasizing the importance of this transmission vehicle in this age group. In conclusion, although rare, dermatophytosis by M. gypseum should be part of the differential diagnosis of inflammatory dermatosis in infants...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099533/tinea-capitis-caused-by-trichophyton-rubrum-mimicking-favus
#16
Alan S Boyd
Favus is an uncommon form of tinea capitis (TC) currently seen in geographic areas with poor sanitation and limited access to health care such as emerging nations. Several variants of this condition have been described including one exhibiting a plaque composed of parchmentlike material. The makeup of this plaque has not been described. Tinea capitis is rare in adults, particularly when the infectious agent is Trichophyton rubrum, and affected patients often exhibit comorbidities associated with diminished immune surveillance...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088394/tinea-in-tots-cases-and-literature-review-of-oral-antifungal-treatment-of-tinea-capitis-in-children-under-2-years-of-age
#17
John G Zampella, Shawn G Kwatra, Jaime Blanck, Bernard Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087021/ultraviolet-dermoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-tinea-capitis
#18
Jiaoqing Tang, Xin Ran, Yuping Ran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066103/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-topical-sertaconazole-versus-topical-terbinafine-in-localized-dermatophytosis-a-randomized-observer-blind-parallel-group-study
#19
Dattatreyo Chatterjee, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Sukanta Sen, Saswati Sarkar, Avijit Hazra, Radharaman De
OBJECTIVE: Epidermal dermatophyte infections most commonly manifest as tinea corporis or tinea cruris. Topical azole antifungals are commonly used in their treatment but literature suggests that most require twice-daily application and provide lower cure rates than the allylamine antifungal terbinafine. We conducted a head-to-head comparison of the effectiveness of the once-daily topical azole, sertaconazole, with terbinafine in these infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, observer-blind, parallel group study (Clinical Trial Registry India [CTRI]/2014/09/005029) with adult patients of either sex presenting with localized lesions...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053148/inhibition-of-dermatophytes-by-photodynamic-treatment-with-curcumin
#20
Jochen Brasch, Sandra Freitag-Wolf, Vera Beck-Jendroschek, Martin Huber
Treatment of dermatophytoses with currently available antimycotic agents is often tedious and sometimes unsatisfactory. A search for better therapeutic methods-ideally with an immediate fungicidal effect-has, among others, lead to photodynamic procedures as a promising alternative, and recently curcumin was found to be a suitable agent for this application. In this study the effect of photodynamic treatment with curcumin on dermatophytes was tested in vitro Wells of microtiter plates were filled with conidia of Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton interdigitale, Trichophyton terrestre, Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum and Epidermophyton floccosum in buffer...
January 3, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
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