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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318040/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-a-tinea-capitis-outbreak-among-novice-buddhist-monks
#1
Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Chanai Muanprasat, Lalita Matthapan
Sixty novice Buddhist monks with tinea capitis confirmed according to clinical presentation and mycological laboratory finding were included in this study. Mixed-type clinical presentation was observed in approximately half of all cases, together with scarring alopecia (95%) and superficial fungal skin infection at locations other than the scalp (43.3%). The major isolated organism was Trichophyton violaceum, and mixed-organism infection was found in 27 cases (45%). Slow-onset presentation and an extensive area of infection were significantly associated with mixed-type clinical presentation...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302469/umbilical-psoriasis-versus-tinea-corporis-in-infants-a-simple-clinical-diagnosis-image-view
#2
Anca Chiriac, Liliana Foia, Marius Florin Coros, Cristian Podoleanu, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296664/histomorphology-and-immunophenotype-of-eczematous-skin-lesions-revisited-skin-biopsies-are-not-reliable-in-differentiating-allergic-contact-dermatitis-irritant-contact-dermatitis-and-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Verena G Frings, Almut Böer-Auer, Kristine Breuer
Lesions of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), and atopic dermatitis (AD) share similar clinical features and thus, their diagnosis can be challenging. The aim of this study was to reassess histopathology and immunophenotyping properties to distinguish between ACD, ICD, and AD. Charts of patients with eczema, who had undergone complete routine diagnostic workup (skin biopsies, patch tests, skin prick tests, and respectively or serum IgE levels), were reviewed. Thirty-five skin biopsy specimens of 28 patients (mean age 64 ± 15 years; ♀ = 13 ♂ = 15) with clear diagnosis of ACD (n = 15), ICD (n = 6), or AD (n = 14) were analyzed...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293694/-abdominal-papules-in-a%C3%A2-patient-with-psoriasis-and-tinea-manuum
#4
P Elsner, S Metz, S Schliemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281037/pathogenic-dermatophytes-survive-in-nail-lesions-during-oral-terbinafine-treatment-for-tinea-unguium
#5
Tomoyuki Iwanaga, Tsuyoshi Ushigami, Kazushi Anzawa, Takashi Mochizuki
Tinea unguium caused by dermatophyte species are usually treated with oral antimycotic, terbinafine (TBF). To understand the mechanisms of improvement and recalcitrance of tinea unguium by oral TBF treatment, a method of quantifying dermatophyte viability in the nail was developed, and the viability of dermatophytes was analyzed in toenail lesions of 14 patients with KOH-positive tinea unguium treated with oral TBF 125 mg/day for up to 16 weeks. Mycological tests, including KOH examination and fungal culture, and targeted quantitative real-time PCR for internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, including rRNA, were demonstrated at the initial visit and after 8 and 16 weeks of treatment...
March 9, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280096/an-unresponsive-rash-to-topical-steroids-tinea-incognito
#6
Stephanie Jessica Wan, Irene Lara-Corrales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274995/steroid-modified-tinea
#7
Shyam Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250361/a-patient-with-cystic-granuloma-trichophyticum-who-required-surgical-resection
#8
Takehiko Kaneko, Michiyo Kaneko
A 62-year-old male with numerous subcutaneous nodules in the lower extremities was referred to The University of Tokyo Hospital. The patient suffered from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), diabetes mellitus, and persisting hepatic dysfunction, and had been treated for SLE with oral prednisolone 20 mg/day and oral cyclosporine 3 mg/kg/day. The culture of scales collected from the patient's skin surface on Sabouraud's dextrose agar medium showed features of Trichophyton rubrum. Topically applied bifonazole cream was effective for tinea corporis, but oral griseofulvin 500 mg/day was discontinued after 2-month administration because of deteriorated liver function...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223753/five-cases-of-phytophotodermatitis-caused-by-fig-leaves-and-relevant-literature-review
#9
Jin-Hwa Son, Hyunju Jin, Hyang-Suk You, Woo-Haing Shim, Jeong-Min Kim, Gun-Wook Kim, Hoon-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Moon-Bum Kim, Byung-Soo Kim
Phytophotodermatitis is a condition caused by sequential exposure to photosensitizing substances present in plants followed by ultraviolet light. Several plants (e.g., limes, celery, fig, and wild parsnip) contain furocoumarin compounds (psoralens). It is important for dermatologists to be aware of phytophotodermatitis because it may be misdiagnosed as cellulitis, tinea, or allergic contact dermatitis. We present five patients with a sharply defined erythematous swollen patch with bullae on both feet. They described soaking their feet in a fig leaves decoction to treat their underlying dermatologic diseases...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223741/changing-in-the-epidemiology-of-tinea-capitis-among-school-children-in-egypt
#10
Rasha H Bassyouni, Naglaa A El-Sherbiny, Talal A Abd El Raheem, Basma H Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis remains a prevalent health problem among school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of tinea capitis among primary school students, in Fayoum, Egypt with identification of etiological agents in both public and private primary schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in twelve primary schools. The students were selected from different grades with a total number of 12,128 students. Hair and scalp were clinically examined for any lesions that may suspect tinea capitis and mycological samples were collected for direct microscopy and culture...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220322/serious-fungal-infections-in-the-philippines
#11
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216728/marine-and-other-aquatic-dermatoses
#12
Surg Capt Jandhyala Sridhar, Surg Cdr Rajeev Deo
Occupational and recreational aquatic activity predisposes our population to a wide variety of dermatoses. Sunburn, urticaria, jellyfish stings, and contact dermatitis to rubber equipment are common allergies that are encountered in the aquatic environment. Among the infections, tinea versicolor, intertrigo, and verruca vulgaris are widespread. Swimmer's itch may occur due to skin penetration by schistosome cercariae, while free-floating nematocysts of marine coelenterates may precipitate seabather's eruption...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208874/topical-corticosteroid-misuse-the-scenario-in-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#13
Santwana Mahar, Khushbu Mahajan, Swati Agarwal, Hemanta Kumar Kar, Swapan Kumar Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Irrational use of Topical Corticosteroid (TC) is quite common in India due to unrestricted availability and use of TC not only by general public but also by physicians and chemists due to quick relief of symptoms in different dermatological conditions. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate and analyse the prevalence of misuse of TC and the causes behind misuse of TC among patients in a dermatology outpatient department in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study conducted over a period of 5 months (1(st) June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197622/-practicing-veterinarians-perception-of-bovine-ringworm-as-herd-health-problem
#14
Joachim L Kleen, Tatjana Andres, Ulrike Exner, Regina Strie
OBJECTIVE: Bovine ringworm (tinea) is generally described as a disease occurring regularly in cattle. Actual data are rare, whereas the disease is regularly reported in case reports. To eradicate bovine ringworm, perception as well as measures, including hygiene and disinfection, are required. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a course for continuing education, 378 practicing veterinarians were asked in a questionnaire to state their view on bovine ringworm. RESULTS: The majority of the participants stated that ringworm was not satisfactorily perceived as an animal health problem and that the zoonotic potential was underestimated...
February 15, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196318/common-skin-conditions-in-children-skin-infections
#15
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin infections account for a significant subset of dermatologic conditions of childhood. Common cutaneous viral infections in children include warts, molluscum contagiosum, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and herpes simplex. Although viral infections are self-limited and often only mildly symptomatic, they can cause anxiety, embarrassment, and health care use. Recognition of their common and atypical presentations is necessary to differentiate them from other skin conditions of similar morphology. Impetigo, cellulitis, and abscess comprise the majority of childhood bacterial skin infections and are treated with topical or systemic antibiotics that cover group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188317/malodorous-discharge-redness-and-crusting-of-the-feet
#16
Alberto Marcelin, Jasmine R Marcelin, Larry M Baddour, Mark Davis
This man was initially treated with antifungals and antibiotics based on his history of tinea pedis. But 2 days later, his condition worsened and he was hospitalized.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188051/incidence-and-biodiversity-of-yeasts-dermatophytes-and-non-dermatophytes-in-superficial-skin-infections-in-assiut-egypt
#17
A H Moubasher, M A Abdel-Sater, Z Soliman
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify the incidence of the causal agents from dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes and yeasts in Assiut Governorate employing, beside the morphological and physiological techniques, the genotypic ones. PATIENTS: Samples from infected nails, skin and hair were taken from 125 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who presented with onychomycosis, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris and tinea pedis during the period from February 2012 to October 2015 were clinically examined and diagnosed by dermatologists and were guided to Assiut University Mycological Centre for direct microscopic examination, culturing and identification...
February 7, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179902/severe-chromoblastomycosis-like-cutaneous-infection-caused-by-chrysosporium-keratinophilum
#18
Juhaer Mijiti, Bo Pan, Sybren de Hoog, Yoshikazu Horie, Tetsuhiro Matsuzawa, Yilixiati Yilifan, Yong Liu, Parida Abliz, Weihua Pan, Danqi Deng, Yun Guo, Peiliang Zhang, Wanqing Liao, Shuwen Deng
Chrysosporium species are saprophytic filamentous fungi commonly found in the soil, dung, and animal fur. Subcutaneous infection caused by this organism is rare in humans. We report a case of subcutaneous fungal infection caused by Chrysosporium keratinophilum in a 38-year-old woman. The patient presented with severe chromoblastomycosis-like lesions on the left side of the jaw and neck for 6 years. She also got tinea corporis on her trunk since she was 10 years old. Chrysosporium keratinophilum was isolated from the tissue on the neck and scales on the trunk, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116455/-dermatophyte-current-situation
#19
REVIEW
P Mayser
Currently, a mycid is defined as hyperergic reaction that develops from a remote localized infection and in which no fungus is detectable. Criteria for a mycid caused by a dermatophyte (dermatophytid) are (1) proven dermatophytosis elsewhere, (2) no evidence for fungal elements in the lesions of the -id reaction, (3) initially often worsening of the lesions under therapy with highly potent systemic antimycotics, and (4) clearing after the dermatophytosis has been treated sufficiently. The most common dermatophytid is a symmetrical dyshidrotic mycid of the hands in connection with an often highly inflammatory mycotic infection of the feet especially by Trichophyton mentagrophytes...
January 23, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115409/epidemiology-of-trichophyton-verrucosum-infection-in-rennes-university-hospital-france-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#20
Laura Courtellemont, Sylviane Chevrier, Brigitte Degeilh, Sorya Belaz, Jean-Pierre Gangneux, Florence Robert-Gangneux
Trichophyton verrucosum is a zoophilic dermatophyte, known as a causative agent of inflammatory mycoses of the skin and the scalp in humans. In this study, we reviewed all cases of T. verrucosum infection diagnosed in our laboratory over a 12-year period, to determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics. Among 18,340 samples analyzed, 5,186 cultured positive with dermatophytes (2674 patients), of which 64 samples (41 patients) were positive for T. verrucosum Our data show that there was a strong influence of age on the type of lesion, with children and adults presenting more frequently with tinea capitis and skin infections, respectively (P < ...
January 23, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
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