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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649923/diffuse-dermatophytosis-occurring-on-dimethyl-fumarate-therapy
#1
Jeffrey I Greenstein
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic infections have occurred during dimethyl fumarate (DMF) therapy. OBJECTIVE: Diffuse skin dermatophytosis which occurred during DMF therapy in the setting of lymphopenia is described. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clinical course, the lymphocyte subset profile, and dermatologic evaluations were reviewed. In both instances, there was no other cause of lymphopenia or immune suppression, and it is likely that the tinea infections are associated with DMF therapy...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644192/is-antifungal-resistance-a-cause-for-treatment-failure-in-dermatophytosis-a-study-focused-on-tinea-corporis-and-cruris-from-a-tertiary-centre
#2
Kabir Sardana, Ravinder Kaur, Pooja Arora, Ritu Goyal, Sneha Ghunawat
Background: Dermatophytoses are one of the most common skin diseases that have been largely simple to treat. However, in recent years, these infections have become recalcitrant to treatment which can possibly be due to antifungal resistance. Aim: To analyze the resistance pattern of patients with recalcitrant dermatophytoses. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional evaluation was undertaken of 40 consecutive patients with recalcitrant tinea corporis/cruris/both who had taken systemic antifungal treatment and did not respond completely to therapy or had recurrent lesion within 1 month of stopping the therapy...
March 2018: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606829/tinea-faciei-in-a-mother-and-daughter-caused-by-arthroderma-benhamiae
#3
Weon Ju Lee, Dong Hyuk Eun, Yong Hyun Jang, Seok-Jong Lee, Yong Jun Bang, Jae Bok Jun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606407/epidemiology-of-dermatophytoses-in-31-municipalities-of-the-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina-a-6-year-study
#4
Mariana Mazza, Nicolás Refojo, Graciela Davel, Nelson Lima, Nicolina Dias, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da Silva, Cristina Elena Canteros
BACKGROUND: No reliable data are available in the province of Buenos Aires regarding the frequency of dermatophytoses and other fungal diseases. The distribution of the clinical forms and the species involved are also unknown. AIMS: To present the data collected by the laboratories participating in the Mycology Network of the province of Buenos Aires (MNPBA) from a retrospective epidemiological survey on dermatophytoses. METHODS: A descriptive and exploratory analysis was performed on the cases of dermatophytoses gathered between 2002 and 2007 by the Mycology Network of the province of Buenos Aires...
March 29, 2018: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601625/proximal-subungual-onychomycosis-in-the-immunocompetent-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Sydney E Liang, David E Cohen, Evan A Rieder
Proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO), which predominantly involves the nail plate from the proximal nail fold, is the rarest form of onychomycosis. Classically associated with an immunocompromised state, PSO is an uncommon diagnosis in individuals without immunodeficiency. We present a case of a healthy 51-year-old man, who presented with a three-month history of white discoloration of multiple toenails. Physical examination revealed white, opaque patches on the proximal third nail plates of multiple toenails...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601494/the-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-cameroon
#6
Christine E Mandengue, David W Denning
Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. HIV infection is common and an estimated 120,000 have CD4 counts <200 × 10⁶/mL and commonly present with opportunistic infection...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601109/fungal-diseases-in-children-and-adolescents-in-a-referral-centre-in-bogota-colombia
#7
Alvarado Zulma, Pereira Claudia
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at a dermatology referral centre in Bogotá to estimate the frequencies and aetiologies of mycoses in the population under 18 years of age attending the medical mycology laboratory over a 13-year period (2000-2012). A total of 1337 samples from 1221 patients were evaluated, involving direct examination and culture for 1279 samples, direct examination alone for 50 and culture alone for 8. During the study period, dermatophytosis was diagnosed via culture in 537 cases (40...
March 30, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600810/tinea-pedis-acquired-in-mosques
#8
REVIEW
Stefano Veraldi, Luigi Esposito, Alberto Gorani
Interdigital tinea pedis is a mycotic infection of the feet which occurs mainly in adult males. The transmission is due to repeated contacts with the soil. In Italy, Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes (including T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale) and Epidermophyton floccosum are the most frequently involved species. Interdigital tinea pedis is characterized clinically by maceration, erythema, vesicles, scales, crusts, erosions and ulcers located at the 2nd , 3rd and 4th interdigital folds. Interdigital tinea pedis may be asymptomatic; however, when erosions and ulcers occur, the patients may complain of pruritus, burning sensation and pain...
March 30, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589043/-tinea-capitis-and-onychomycosis-due-to-trichophyton-soudanense-successful-treatment-with-fluconazole-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
P Nenoff, C Krüger, I Schulze, D Koch, N Rahmig, U-C Hipler, S Uhrlaß
Two African girls who moved to Germany only 4 weeks ago presented to the dermatological office with itchy and scaling skin lesions of the scalp and the thighs. The entire scalp of both girls was affected by a white, dry dandruff and a squamous crust. Dry centrifugal spreading erythematosquamous lesions were found on the thighs. The surface of the left thumbnail of the younger girl was whitish. The Blancophor® preparations which were performed under the suspicion of a tinea capitis et corporis and onychomycosis from skin scrapings of the scalp and the thighs, and from the thumbnail of the younger child were positive...
March 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577447/high-terbinafine-resistance-in-trichophyton-interdigitale-isolates-in-delhi-india-harbouring-mutations-in-the-squalene-epoxidase-sqle-gene
#10
Ashutosh Singh, Aradhana Masih, Ananta Khurana, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Meenakshi Gupta, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, Anuradha Chowdhary
In the last few years infections caused by dermatophytes along with a concomitant increase in the number of difficult to treat cases has increasingly been recognized indicating that dermatophytosis remains a challenging public health problem. The majority of infections are caused by Trichophyton rubrum and T. mentagrophytes complex. Terbinafine, an allylamine antifungal used orally and topically is considered to be a first-line drug in the therapy of dermatophyte infections. Terbinafine resistance has been predominately attributed to point mutations in the squalene epoxidase (SQLE) target gene a key enzyme in the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway leading to single amino acid substitutions...
March 25, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573445/emergence-of-african-species-of-dermatophytes-in-tinea-capitis-a-17-year-experience-in-a-montreal-pediatric-hospital
#11
Danielle Marcoux, Julie Dang, Hedwige Auguste, Catherine McCuaig, Julie Powell, Afshin Hatami, Catherine Maari, Jean-Baptiste Le Meur
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An increase in dermatophyte infections caused by African species is reported in countries receiving African immigrants. Our goal was to determine the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of tinea capitis in children infected with African species of dermatophytes in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data from medical records of children infected with African species of dermatophytes were retrieved retrospectively (2000-2016) at Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573271/a-study-of-skin-disease-spectrum-occurring-in-angola-phototype-v-vi-population-in-luanda
#12
David A De Luca, Ziv Maianski, Michael Averbukh
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of skin diseases in Luanda (Angola) is unknown, and publications are barely found in the literature. We aim to describe, for the first time, the frequency of skin disease spectrum in phototype V-VI Angolan population in Luanda City. METHODS: We included Fitzpatrick phototype V-VI Angolan patients who consulted the Dermatology Unit in Luanda Medical Center during a 1-year period. Medical information was recovered from the electronic database, and diagnoses were based on ICD-10...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570867/an-outbreak-of-microsporum-canis-infection-at-a-military-base-associated-with-stray-cat-exposure-and-person-to-person-transmission
#13
Tal Brosh-Nissimov, Ronen Ben-Ami, Nadav Astman, Alex Malin, Yaron Baruch, Inbal Galor
BACKGROUND: Tinea corporis caused by Microsporum canis is usually associated with exposure to animals, but outbreaks with anthropophilic transmission were described. A large outbreak in a military base was investigated. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the outbreak's source and risk factors for infection in order to contain and eliminate it. PATIENTS/METHODS: All staff-members at the base were interviewed and examined. A case-control analysis of symptomatic patients was used to elucidate risk factors...
March 23, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569271/trichoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Anna Waśkiel, Adriana Rakowska, Mariusz Sikora, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
The diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually based on clinical manifestations. However, there are several hair and scalp disorders that share similar clinical features with alopecia areata, such as tinea capitis, trichotillomania or traction alopecia. Trichoscopy as a fast, non-invasive and easy-to-perform technique may help to identify subtle details and establish the correct diagnosis. The aim of this review is to present the spectrum of trichoscopic findings in alopecia areata. A systematic review of the published work was performed by searching the PubMed, Scopus and EBSCO databases, complemented by a thorough hand search of reference lists...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559597/efficacy-of-combination-of-ozonated-water-with-oil-for-treatment-of-tinea-pedis
#15
Jianyun Lu, Min Guo, Hongfa Ligui, Kathy Wu, Yaping Xiang, Jinhua Huang, Lihua Gao
To evaluate efficacy of combined therapy with ozonated water and oil on patients with tinea pedis.
 Methods: A total of 60 patients with tinea pedis were divided into 2 groups in a randomized and blinded test. Patients in a control group were treated with naftinfine hydrochloride and ketoconazole cream once a day. Patients in an ozone group were treated with ozonated water bath and then ozonated oil topical application once a day. Patients in the 2 groups were treated for 4 weeks. Clinical and laboratory data were collected for both groups at the end of the 1st week, the 2nd week, and the 4th week...
February 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557619/-tinea-capitis-by-microsporum-gypseum-an-infrequent-species
#16
Lidia García-Agudo, Jorge J Espinosa-Ruiz
Tinea capitis is considered the most frequent dermatophyte infection in children. The etiological agents vary from time to time and by geographical area, although they normally are zoophilic dermatophytes and in the last years also anthropophilic species. We report a clinical case of inflammatory tinea capitis in a 6-year-old child caused by Microsporum gypseum, a geophilic fungus pathogenic to humans and animals. The sources of human infection are soil, cats, dogs and small mammals. This species is less frequent as a cause of dermatophytosis in humans, described mainly in tinea corporis and rarely in tinea capitis...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552686/tinea-unguium-onychomycosis-caused-by-dermatophytes-a-ten-year-retrospective-study-2005-2014-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-singapore
#17
Shiu Ming Pang, Jonathan Yi Yu Pang, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Ai Ling Tan
INTRODUCTION: Tinea unguium is a common nail infection. We conducted a retrospective ten-year study of the patient demographics and species distribution of dermatophytes causing tinea unguium in a tertiary hospital from Singapore. METHODS: Results of fungal nail cultures were retrieved from our hospital's microbiology department. Samples from nail scrapings and clippings were inoculated onto agar plates (Sabouraud dextrose agar with chloramphenicol and Mycosel agar)...
March 19, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547137/ringworm-like-skin-lesion-is-not-always-tinea
#18
Ramona Zanniello, Caterina Ferreli, Federico Patta, Anna Luisa Pinna, Laura Atzori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534500/burden-of-severe-fungal-infections-in-burkina-faso
#19
Sanata Bamba, Adama Zida, Ibrahim Sangaré, Mamoudou Cissé, David W Denning, Christophe Hennequin
Because of the limited access to more powerful diagnostic tools, there is a paucity of data regarding the burden of fungal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in this sub-Saharan country. We primarily used the national demographic data and performed a PubMed search to retrieve all published papers on fungal infections from Burkina Faso and its surrounding West African countries. Considering the prevalence of HIV infection (0...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531608/bullous-tinea-incognito-in-a-bulgarian-child-first-description-in-the-medical-literature
#20
Georgi Tchernev, Ivan Terziev
For the first time in the world medical literature, we describe a rare form of cutaneous dermatophytosis - a bullous form of Tinea incognito, classified by clinical picture, histopathological findings and an isolated infectious agent from the microbiological culture. After a thorough review of Medline/PubMed's relevant literature, we could not find similar cases of patients with Tinea incognito who are clinically presented with bullous lesions at the same time. Local application of corticosteroids in infants with unknown lesions may lead to progression of the underlying disease and may cause some serious problems in differential diagnosis aspect, while the clinical expression remains completely masked...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
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