keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Parkinson's disease and neuroplasticity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473257/stress-and-corticosterone-alter-synaptic-plasticity-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
YongXin Hao, Aref Shabanpoor, Gerlinde A Metz
As a major influence on neuronal function and plasticity, chronic stress can affect the progression and symptoms of neurodegenerative conditions, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we investigated the influence of unilateral dopamine depletion and stress on dopamine-related hallmarks of stress response and neuronal plasticity in a rat model of PD. Animals received either restraint stress or a combination of adrenalectomy and corticosterone (CORT) supplementation to clamp circulating glucocorticoid levels for three weeks prior to unilateral nigrostriatal dopamine depletion...
June 9, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456940/mptp-mouse-model-of-preclinical-and-clinical-parkinson-s-disease-as-an-instrument-for-translational-medicine
#2
Eduard R Mingazov, Gulnara R Khakimova, Elena A Kozina, Alexei E Medvedev, Olga A Buneeva, Ara S Bazyan, Michael V Ugrumov
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the appearance of motor symptoms many years after the onset of neurodegeneration, which explains low efficiency of therapy. Therefore, one of the priorities in neurology is to develop an early diagnosis and preventive treatment of PD, based on knowledge of molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration and neuroplasticity in the nigrostriatal system. However, due to inability to diagnose PD at preclinical stage, research and development must be performed in animal models by comparing the nigrostriatal system in the models of asymptomatic and early symptomatic stages of PD...
April 29, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445715/altered-somatosensory-cortex-neuronal-activity-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-levodopa-induced-dyskinesias
#3
Mesbah Alam, Regina Rumpel, Xingxing Jin, Christof von Wrangel, Sarah K Tschirner, Joachim K Krauss, Claudia Grothe, Andreas Ratzka, Kerstin Schwabe
Several findings support the concept that sensorimotor integration is disturbed in Parkinson's disease (PD) and in levodopa-induced dyskinesias. In this study, we explored the neuronal firing activity of excitatory pyramidal cells and inhibitory interneurons in the forelimb region of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1FL-Ctx), along with its interaction with oscillatory activity of the primary motor cortex (MCtx) in 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned hemiparkinsonian (HP) and levodopa-primed dyskinetic (HP-LID) rats as compared to controls under urethane (1...
August 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320274/brain-mitochondrial-subproteome-of-rpn10-binding-proteins-and-its-changes-induced-by-the-neurotoxin-mptp-and-the-neuroprotector-isatin
#4
A E Medvedev, O A Buneeva, A T Kopylov, O V Tikhonova, M V Medvedeva, L N Nerobkova, I G Kapitsa, V G Zgoda
Mitochondria play an important role in molecular mechanisms of neuroplasticity, adaptive changes of the brain that occur in the structure and function of its cells in response to altered physiological conditions or development of pathological disorders. Mitochondria are a crucial target for actions of neurotoxins, causing symptoms of Parkinson's disease in various experimental animal models, and also neuroprotectors. Good evidence exists in the literature that mitochondrial dysfunction induced by the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) influences functioning of the ubiquitin-proteasomal system (UPS) responsible for selective proteolytic degradation of proteins from various intracellular compartments (including mitochondria), and neuroprotective effects of certain antiparkinsonian agents (monoamine oxidase inhibitors) may be associated with their effects on UPS...
March 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149392/engaging-cognitive-circuits-to-promote-motor-recovery-in-degenerative-disorders-exercise-as-a-learning-modality
#5
Michael W Jakowec, Zhou Wang, Daniel Holschneider, Jeff Beeler, Giselle M Petzinger
Exercise and physical activity are fundamental components of a lifestyle essential in maintaining a healthy brain. This is primarily due to the fact that the adult brain maintains a high degree of plasticity and activity is essential for homeostasis throughout life. Plasticity is not lost even in the context of a neurodegenerative disorder, but could be maladaptive thus promoting disease onset and progression. A major breakthrough in treating brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease is to drive neuroplasticity in a direction to improve motor and cognitive dysfunction...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125912/olfactory-network-differences-in-master-sommeliers-connectivity-analysis-using-granger-causality-and-graph-theoretical-approach
#6
Karthik Sreenivasan, Xiaowei Zhuang, Sarah J Banks, Virendra Mishra, Zhengshi Yang, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Dietmar Cordes
Previous studies investigating the differences in olfactory processing and judgments between trained sommeliers and controls have shown increased activations in brain regions involving higher level cognitive processes in sommeliers. However, there is little information about the influence of expertise on causal connectivity and topological properties of the connectivity networks between these regions. Therefore, the current study focuses on addressing these questions in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of olfactory perception in Master Sommeliers...
March 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001286/charting-the-course-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-where-have-we-been-and-where-are-we-headed
#7
Peter B Rosenquist, W Vaughn McCall, Nagy Youssef
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the oldest and best treatments for severe mental illness. A safe and highly effective option for treatment-resistant mood disorders, ECT can be a lifesaving treatment for people suffering from catatonia and acute suicidality. Less recognized are the benefits of ECT in the treatment of primary psychotic disorders, Parkinson's disease, and status epilepticus. Evidence from multisite clinical trials in the past decade shows an evolving standard for the delivery of ECT to achieve and maintain remission and quality of life...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983596/estrogenic-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-influencing-nrf1-regulated-gene-networks-in-the-development-of-complex-human-brain-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Mark Preciados, Changwon Yoo, Deodutta Roy
During the development of an individual from a single cell to prenatal stages to adolescence to adulthood and through the complete life span, humans are exposed to countless environmental and stochastic factors, including estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals. Brain cells and neural circuits are likely to be influenced by estrogenic endocrine disruptors (EEDs) because they strongly dependent on estrogens. In this review, we discuss both environmental, epidemiological, and experimental evidence on brain health with exposure to oral contraceptives, hormonal therapy, and EEDs such as bisphenol-A (BPA), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), phthalates, and metalloestrogens, such as, arsenic, cadmium, and manganese...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940203/cooperative-synthesis-of-dopamine-by-non-dopaminergic-neurons-as-a-compensatory-mechanism-in-the-striatum-of-mice-with-mptp-induced-parkinsonism
#9
Elena A Kozina, Aleksandr R Kim, Anna Y Kurina, Michael V Ugrumov
Since the late 80s it has been repeatedly shown that besides dopaminergic neurons, the brain contains so-called monoenzymatic neurons possessing one of the enzymes of dopamine (DA) synthesis, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) or aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC). However, the data on the existence of monoenzymatic neurons in the striatum remain controversial, and little is known about their functional significance. The aim of this study was to test our hypothesis that monoenzymatic TH-containing neurons produce DA in cooperation with the neurons containing AADC, which might help to compensate DA deficiency under the failure of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908782/adaptive-responses-of-neuronal-mitochondria-to-bioenergetic-challenges-roles-in-neuroplasticity-and-disease-resistance
#10
REVIEW
Sophia M Raefsky, Mark P Mattson
An important concept in neurobiology is "neurons that fire together, wire together" which means that the formation and maintenance of synapses is promoted by activation of those synapses. Very similar to the effects of the stress of exercise on muscle cells, emerging findings suggest that neurons respond to activity by activating signaling pathways (e.g., Ca(2+), CREB, PGC-1α, NF-κB) that stimulate mitochondrial biogenesis and cellular stress resistance. These pathways are also activated by aerobic exercise and food deprivation, two bioenergetic challenges of fundamental importance in the evolution of the brains of all mammals, including humans...
January 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859864/l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia-and-neuroinflammation-do-microglia-and-astrocytes-play-a-role
#11
REVIEW
Anna R Carta, Giovanna Mulas, Mariza Bortolanza, Terence Duarte, Elisabetta Pillai, Gilberto Fisone, Rita Raisman Vozari, Elaine Del-Bel
In Parkinson's disease (PD), l-DOPA therapy leads to the emergence of motor complications including l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID). LID relies on a sequence of pre- and postsynaptic neuronal events, leading to abnormal corticostriatal neurotransmission and maladaptive changes in striatal projection neurons. In recent years, additional non-neuronal mechanisms have been proposed to contribute to LID. Among these mechanisms, considerable attention has been focused on l-DOPA-induced inflammatory responses. Microglia and astrocytes are the main actors in neuroinflammatory responses, and their double role at the interface between immune and neurophysiological responses is starting to be elucidated...
January 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778158/neurorehabilitation-applied-neuroplasticity
#12
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Mary P Galea, Roman Gonzenbach, Jürg Kesselring
The prevalence of disability due to neurological conditions is escalating worldwide. Neurological disorders have significant disability-burden with long-term functional and psychosocial issues, requiring specialized rehabilitation services for comprehensive management, especially treatments tapping into brain recovery 'neuroplastic' processes. Neurorehabilitation is interdisciplinary and cross-sectorial, requiring coordinated effort of diverse sectors, professions, patients and community to manage complex condition-related disability...
March 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566172/paradoxical-facilitation-after-depotentiation-protocol-can-precede-dyskinesia-onset-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Angel Lago-Rodriguez, Viviana Ponzo, Ned Jenkinson, Sonia Benitez-Rivero, Miguel Fernandez Del-Olmo, Michele Hu, Giacomo Koch, Binith Cheeran
Loss of dopamine, a key modulator of synaptic signalling, and subsequent pulsatile non-physiological levodopa replacement is believed to underlie altered neuroplasticity in Parkinson's disease (PD). Animal models suggest that maladaptive plasticity (e.g. deficient depotentiation at corticostriatal synapses) is key in the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), a common complication following levodopa replacement in PD. Human studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation protocols have shown similar depotentiation deficit in patients with LID...
December 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445739/does-a-combination-of-virtual-reality-neuromodulation-and-neuroimaging-provide-a-comprehensive-platform-for-neurorehabilitation-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Wei-Peng Teo, Makii Muthalib, Sami Yamin, Ashlee M Hendy, Kelly Bramstedt, Eleftheria Kotsopoulos, Stephane Perrey, Hasan Ayaz
In the last decade, virtual reality (VR) training has been used extensively in video games and military training to provide a sense of realism and environmental interaction to its users. More recently, VR training has been explored as a possible adjunct therapy for people with motor and mental health dysfunctions. The concept underlying VR therapy as a treatment for motor and cognitive dysfunction is to improve neuroplasticity of the brain by engaging users in multisensory training. In this review, we discuss the theoretical framework underlying the use of VR as a therapeutic intervention for neurorehabilitation and provide evidence for its use in treating motor and mental disorders such as cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, stroke, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and other related clinical areas...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442690/neurorescue-by-a-ros-decomposition-catalyst
#15
Matan Soll, Orit Bar Am, Atif Mahammed, Irena Saltsman, Silvia Mandel, Moussa B H Youdim, Zeev Gross
The effect of the bis-sulfonated iron(III) corrole (1-Fe), a potent decomposition catalyst of reactive oxygen species, on rescuing SN4741 cells that were damaged by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) was investigated as an in vitro model system for studying cell death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Important findings that accompanied the ability to rescue dopaminergic neurons were increased expression of phenotypic dopaminergic proteins, such as tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine transporter (DAT), which were significantly depleted upon 6-OHDA-mediated damage...
October 19, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370938/neurochemical-correlation-between-major-depressive-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Gislaine Z Réus, Stephanie E Titus, Helena M Abelaira, Sharon M Freitas, Talita Tuon, João Quevedo, Josiane Budni
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent and life-threatening forms of mental illnesses affecting elderly people and has been associated with poor cognitive function. Recent evidence suggests a strong relationship between MDD and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), as well as natural processes of aging. Changes in the neuroplasticity, morphology, and neurotransmission in the brain are seem to be associated to both, MDD and neurodegenerative diseases...
August 1, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245919/low-bdnf-is-associated-with-cognitive-impairments-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Yu Wang, Hong Liu, Ben-Shu Zhang, Jair C Soares, Xiang Yang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence show that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in neuroplasticity in the hippocampus that is related to learning and memory. Parkinson disease (PD) is associated with impairment of cognitive function that may evolve from decreased BDNF. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of BDNF with cognitive impairment in PD. METHODS: We compared 97 PD patients to 102 healthy controls on serum BDNF and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS)...
August 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213774/real-time-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-neurofeedback-in-motor-neurorehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
David E J Linden, Duncan L Turner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent developments in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have catalyzed a new field of translational neuroscience. Using fMRI to monitor the aspects of task-related changes in neural activation or brain connectivity, investigators can offer feedback of simple or complex neural signals/patterns back to the participant on a quasireal-time basis [real-time-fMRI-based neurofeedback (rt-fMRI-NF)]. Here, we introduce some background methodology of the new developments in this field and give a perspective on how they may be used in neurorehabilitation in the future...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177725/increased-expression-of-endocytosis-related-proteins-in-rat-hippocampus-following-10-day-electroconvulsive-seizure-treatment
#19
Shingo Enomoto, Kunio Shimizu, Masashi Nibuya, Hiroyuki Toda, Aihide Yoshino, Eiji Suzuki, Takashi Kondo, Hiroshi Fukuda
Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is clinically used for severe depression and drug-resistant Parkinson's disease, its exact biological background and mechanism have not yet been fully elucidated. Two potential explanations have been presented so far to explain the increased neuroplastic and resilient profiles of multiple ECT administrations. One is the alteration of central neurotransmitter receptor densities and the other is the expressional upregulation of brain derived neurotrophic factor in various brain regions with enhanced hippocampal neurogenesis and mossy fiber sprouting...
June 15, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148016/the-network-model-of-depression-as-a-basis-for-new-therapeutic-strategies-for-treating-major-depressive-disorder-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Kevin D'Ostilio, Gaëtan Garraux
The high prevalence of major depressive disorder in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), its negative impact on health-related quality of life and the low response rate to conventional pharmacological therapies call to seek innovative treatments. Here, we review the new approaches for treating major depressive disorder in patients with PD within the framework of the network model of depression. According to this model, major depressive disorder reflects maladaptive neuronal plasticity. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) using high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the prefrontal cortex has been proposed as a feasible and effective strategy with minimal risk...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
19424
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"