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Multiple sclerosis and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892703/the-measurement-and-estimation-of-total-energy-expenditure-in-japanese-patients-with-als-a-doubly-labelled-water-method-study
#1
Toshio Shimizu, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Akiko Sakata, Utako Nagaoka, Noriko Ichihara, Chiho Ishida, Yuki Nakayama, Tetsuo Komori, Masatoyo Nishizawa
Appropriate nutritional therapy has not been established for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Our objective was to measure the total energy expenditure (TEE) and determine an equation to estimate the energy requirements for Japanese patients with ALS. Twenty-six Japanese patients with ALS participated in the study. The TEE was measured using the doubly labelled water (DLW) method for a 14-day period. Using a range of clinical parameters and multiple regression analyses, we determined an adequate equation to calculate TEE...
November 28, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803640/a-qualitative-study-of-multiple-health-behaviors-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Matthew A Plow, Meghan Golding
Background: Evidence regarding inflammatory pathways, elevated cardiovascular risk, and negative effects of secondary conditions on disability progression provide a strong rationale for promoting multiple health behaviors in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, many unanswered questions remain about the best ways to design multiple behavior change interventions for adults with MS. We sought to identify facilitators and barriers to engaging in multiple health behaviors (physical activity, nutrition, and sleep) and to gain further insights into how to develop multiple health behavior change interventions based on preferences of adults with MS...
September 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783083/extra-virgin-olive-oil-a-key-functional-food-for-prevention-of-immune-inflammatory-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Marina Aparicio-Soto, Marina Sánchez-Hidalgo, Ma Ángeles Rosillo, Ma Luisa Castejón, Catalina Alarcón-de-la-Lastra
Nowadays, it is clear that an unhealthy diet is one of the prime factors that contributes to the rise of inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity in the populations of both developed and developing countries. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with a reduced incidence of certain pathologies related to chronic inflammation and the immune system. Olive oil, the principal source of dietary lipids of the Mediterranean diet, possesses a high nutritional quality and a particular composition, which is especially relevant in the case of Extra Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO)...
October 26, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764237/dietary-interventions-in-multiple-sclerosis-development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-evidence-based-patient-education-program
#4
Karin Riemann-Lorenz, Marlene Eilers, Gloria von Geldern, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Sascha Köpke, Christoph Heesen
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors have been discussed to influence risk or disease course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Specific diets are widely used among patients with MS. OBJECTIVE: To design and pilot-test an evidence based patient education program on dietary factors in MS. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search on the effectiveness of dietary interventions in MS. A web-based survey among 337 patients with MS and 136 healthy controls assessed knowledge, dietary habits and information needs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459462/epidemiology-of-major-neurodegenerative-diseases-in-women-contribution-of-the-nurses-health-study
#5
Kaitlin A Hagan, Kassandra L Munger, Alberto Ascherio, Francine Grodstein
OBJECTIVES: To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) to identifying the role of lifestyle, diet, and genetic or biological factors in several neurodegenerative diseases, including cognitive decline, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. METHODS: We completed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS and NHS II between 1976 and 2016. RESULTS: In primary findings for cognitive function, higher intake of nuts, moderate alcohol consumption, and higher physical activity levels were associated with better cognitive function...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430455/myelopathy
#6
B Oyinkan Marquis, Patrick M Capone
Myelopathy is an inclusive term, referring to pathology leading to a neurologic deficit related to the spinal cord. The clinical diagnosis of myelopathy requires a detailed history and physical examination to define the clinical syndrome. Neuroimaging is indicated in most instances of new-onset myelopathy. It is indicated also when the worsening of a myelopathy is unexplained. Advances in neuroimaging have proved to play a vital role in diagnosis. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment are dependent upon an adequate imaging evaluation to establish the presence of mechanical stability, extrinsic spinal cord compression, or an intramedullary lesion...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356540/neurotrophins-modulation-by-olive-polyphenols
#7
REVIEW
Valentina Carito, Mauro Ceccanti, Luigi Tarani, Giampiero Ferraguti, George N Chaldakov, Marco Fiore
BACKGROUND: Polyphenols are probably the most known and investigated molecules of nutritional interest as micronutrients present in abundance in our diet. Some of the most important food sources of polyphenols in the Mediterranean diet are olives and olive oil. A growing body of evidence from animal models to clinical studies indicates that polyphenol compounds may have neuroprotective effects in several pathologies of the nervous system through the control of oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261682/progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Mary Alissa Willis, Robert J Fox
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many therapeutic advances for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) have occurred in the past 25 years. Although similar advances in disease-modifying therapies have not been realized in progressive MS, many symptomatic therapeutic strategies can benefit patients with progressive MS. Few guidelines exist for management of patients with progressive MS. RECENT FINDINGS: The classification of progressive MS was revised in 2013 to include a description of inflammatory disease activity determined by clinical relapses or imaging findings...
August 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145057/emerging-concepts-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Justin D Glenn, Ellen M Mowry
Microbiota of the human body perform fundamental tasks that contribute to normal development, health, and homeostasis and are intimately associated with numerous organ systems, including the gut. Microbes begin gut inhabitance immediately following birth and promote proper gut epithelial construction and function, metabolism and nutrition, and immune system development. Inappropriate immune recognition of self-tissue can lead to autoimmune disease, including conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), in which the immune system recognizes and attacks central nervous system tissue...
June 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27026420/association-of-seasonal-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-with-disability-and-relapses-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#10
W Brola, P Sobolewski, W Szczuchniak, A Góral, M Fudala, W Przybylski, J Opara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) with disability and frequency of relapses in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study included 184 patients with relapsing-remitting MS who were receiving immune-modulating drugs and no vitamin D supplementation. The concentration of 25(OH)D was measured in February and August 2014. The level of disability was assessed twice according to the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)...
September 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26993508/environmental-enrichment-stimulates-immune-cell-secretion-of-exosomes-that-promote-cns-myelination-and-may-regulate-inflammation
#11
Kae M Pusic, Aya D Pusic, Richard P Kraig
Environmental enrichment (EE) consists of increased physical, intellectual, and social activity, and has wide-ranging effects, including enhancing cognition, learning and memory, and motor coordination. Animal studies have demonstrated that EE improves outcome of brain trauma and neurodegenerative disorders, including demyelinating diseases like multiple sclerosis, making it a promising therapeutic option. However, the complexity of applying a robust EE paradigm makes clinical use difficult. A better understanding of the signaling involved in EE-based neuroprotection may allow for development of effective mimetics as an alternative...
April 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976087/nutrition-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-mood-and-neurological-disorders
#12
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi, Martin Feldman
This group study explored how an intervention of diet and lifestyle, including a vegan diet, fruit and vegetable juicing, nutritional supplements, regular exercise, and destressing techniques, would affect 27 subjects with anxiety, depression, poor memory, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, history of stroke, or multiple sclerosis. Several subjects had overlapping conditions. Videotaped testimonials were obtained describing subjective results. Testimonials stated multiple benefits across all conditions addressed by the study, with subjects often reporting substantial benefits...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26905974/selected-health-behaviors-moderate-the-progression-of-functional-limitations-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-eleven-years-of-annual%C3%A2-follow-up
#13
Alexa K Stuifbergen, Shelley Blozis, Heather Becker, Tracie Harrison, Vicki Kullberg
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic neurological disease typically diagnosed in young adulthood, presents with a wide variety of symptoms, impairments and functional limitations. Given the chronic, unpredictable and long-term nature of this disease, preserving function is essential. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial and behavioral factors that might influence the trajectory of functional limitation through eleven years of longitudinal follow-up of a sample of persons with MS...
July 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904329/optic-nerve-sheath-meningioma-masquerading-as-optic-neuritis
#14
R Alroughani, R Behbehani
Optic neuritis is a common presentation of demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis. It typically presents with acute painful monocular vision loss, whereas chronic optic neuropathy can be caused by compressive lesions along the anterior visual pathway, genetic, toxic, or nutritional causes. We report an unusual presentation mimicking optic neuritis, which was subsequently diagnosed as optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM). Misinterpretation of white matter lesions on MRI of brain and the failure to image the optic nerves at the time of acute loss of vision led to the misdiagnosis of optic neuritis in this case...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785711/anti-inflammatory-nutritional-intervention-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-and-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#15
Paolo Riccio, Rocco Rossano, Marilena Larocca, Vincenzo Trotta, Ilario Mennella, Paola Vitaglione, Michele Ettorre, Antonio Graverini, Alessandro De Santis, Elisabetta Di Monte, Maria Gabriella Coniglio
The aim of this work was to assess the influence of nutritional intervention on inflammatory status and wellness in people with multiple sclerosis. To this end, in a seven-month pilot study we investigated the effects of a calorie-restricted, semi-vegetarian diet and administration of vitamin D and other dietary supplements (fish oil, lipoic acid, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, resveratrol and multivitamin complex) in 33 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 10 patients with primary-progressive multiple sclerosis...
March 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26746433/multiple-sclerosis-like-diagnosis-as-a-complication-of-previously-treated-malaria-in-an-iron-and-vitamin-d-deficient-nigerian-patient
#16
Susan J van Rensburg, Ronald van Toorn, Kelebogile E Moremi, Armand V Peeters, Adesola Oguniyi, Maritha J Kotze
In contrast to malaria, multiple sclerosis (MS) is infrequently found in Black Africans. We describe a 29 year old Nigerian female who developed an MS-like condition with symptoms similar to relapsing-remitting MS following malaria infection, leading to a diagnosis of MS. However, absence of hyperintense lesions in the brain and spinal cord presented a conundrum since not all the diagnostic criteria for MS were met. Pathology supported genetic testing (PSGT) was applied to combine family and personal medical history, lifestyle factors, and biochemical test results for interpretation of genetic findings...
February 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26729332/therapeutic-advances-and-future-prospects-in-progressive-forms-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
REVIEW
Afsaneh Shirani, Darin T Okuda, Olaf Stüve
Identifying effective therapies for the treatment of progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) is a highly relevant priority and one of the greatest challenges for the global MS community. Better understanding of the mechanisms involved in progression of the disease, novel trial designs, drug repurposing strategies, and new models of collaboration may assist in identifying effective therapies. In this review, we discuss various therapies under study in phase II or III trials, including antioxidants (idebenone); tyrosine kinase inhibitors (masitinib); sphingosine receptor modulators (siponimod); monoclonal antibodies (anti-leucine-rich repeat and immunoglobulin-like domain containing neurite outgrowth inhibitor receptor-interacting protein-1, natalizumab, ocrelizumab, intrathecal rituximab); hematopoetic stem cell therapy; statins and other possible neuroprotective agents (amiloride, riluzole, fluoxetine, oxcarbazepine); lithium; phosphodiesterase inhibitors (ibudilast); hormone-based therapies (adrenocorticotrophic hormone and erythropoietin); T-cell receptor peptide vaccine (NeuroVax); autologous T-cell immunotherapy (Tcelna); MIS416 (a microparticulate immune response modifier); dopamine antagonists (domperidone); and nutritional supplements, including lipoic acid, biotin, and sunphenon epigallocatechin-3-gallate (green tea extract)...
January 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488817/dietary-fatty-acids-directly-impact-central-nervous-system-autoimmunity-via-the-small-intestine
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aiden Haghikia, Stefanie Jörg, Alexander Duscha, Johannes Berg, Arndt Manzel, Anne Waschbisch, Anna Hammer, De-Hyung Lee, Caroline May, Nicola Wilck, Andras Balogh, Annika I Ostermann, Nils Helge Schebb, Denis A Akkad, Diana A Grohme, Markus Kleinewietfeld, Stefan Kempa, Jan Thöne, Seray Demir, Dominik N Müller, Ralf Gold, Ralf A Linker
Growing empirical evidence suggests that nutrition and bacterial metabolites might impact the systemic immune response in the context of disease and autoimmunity. We report that long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) enhanced differentiation and proliferation of T helper 1 (Th1) and/or Th17 cells and impaired their intestinal sequestration via p38-MAPK pathway. Alternatively, dietary short-chain FAs (SCFAs) expanded gut T regulatory (Treg) cells by suppression of the JNK1 and p38 pathway. We used experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) as a model of T cell-mediated autoimmunity to show that LCFAs consistently decreased SCFAs in the gut and exacerbated disease by expanding pathogenic Th1 and/or Th17 cell populations in the small intestine...
October 20, 2015: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26365444/alteration-of-delta-6-desaturase-fads2-secretory-phospholipase-a2-spla2-enzymes-by-hot-nature-diet-with-co-supplemented-hemp-seed-evening-primrose-oils-intervention-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Soheila Rezapour-Firouzi, Seyed Rafie Arefhosseini, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mamaghani, Behzad Baradaran, Elyar Sadeghihokmabad, Somaiyeh Mostafaei, Mohammadali Torbati, Mahtaj Chehreh
BACKGROUND: The effect of nutrition and dietary supplements as environmental factors has been suggested as possible factors affecting both disease risk and progression in on the course of multiple sclerosis with complex genetic-risk profiles. This study was aimed to assess regulation of surface-membrane enzymes such as Delta-6-desaturase (FADS2), secretory Phospholipase A2(sPLA2) by hemp seed and evening primrose oils as well as Hot-natured dietary intervention in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients...
October 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26359329/serum-prealbumin-is-an-independent-predictor-of-mortality-in-systemic-sclerosis-outpatients
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Veronica Codullo, Emanuele Cereda, Catherine Klersy, Ilaria Cavazzana, Claudia Alpini, Chiara Bonardi, Annalisa Turri, Franco Franceschini, Riccardo Caccialanza, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Roberto Caporali
OBJECTIVE: Serum prealbumin is a recognized marker of malnutrition, but its role in the prognosis of patients with SSc has not yet been investigated. The aim of the present multicentre prospective study was to investigate the association between prealbumin and mortality, independent of clinical features, in a cohort of SSc outpatients. METHODS: Patients were followed up according to standard clinical guidelines with visits at least every 6 months. Data collected included records of skin and internal organ involvement, survival and causes of death...
February 2016: Rheumatology
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