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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211036/unconscious-phantasy-as-a-structural-principle-and-organizer-of-mental-life-the-evolution-of-a-concept-from-freud-to-klein-and-some-of-her-successors
#1
Heinz Weiss
Starting with Freud's discovery of unconscious phantasy as a means of accessing his patients' internal world, the author discusses the evolution of the concept in the work of Melanie Klein and some of her successors. Whereas Freud sees phantasy as a wish fulfilling imagination, dominated by primary process functioning and kept apart from reality testing, Klein understands phantasies as a structural function and organizer of mental life. From their very beginnings they involve object relations and gradually evolve from primitive body-near experiences to images and symbolic representations...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181811/a-new-delphi-feature-for-modeling-electrostatic-potential-around-proteins-role-of-bound-ions-and-implications-for-zeta-potential
#2
Arghya Chakravorty, Zhe Jia, Lin Li, Emil Alexov
A new feature of the popular software DelPhi is developed and reported, allowing for computing the surface averaged electrostatic potential (SAEP) of macromolecules. The user is given the option to specify the distance from the van der Waals surface where the electrostatic potential will be outputted. In conjunction with DelPhiPKa and the BION server, the user can adjust the charges of titratable groups according to specific pH values, and add explicit ions bound to the macromolecular surface. This approach is applied to a set of four proteins with "experimentally" delivered zeta (ζ)-potentials at different pH values and salt concentrations...
February 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165164/synthesis-of-unique-flowerlike-bi2o2-oh-no3-hierarchitectures-with-high-surface-area-and-superior-photocatalytic-performance
#3
Qiaofeng Han, Jiawei Pang, Xin Wang, Xiaodong Wu, Junwu Zhu
Unique flowerlike Bi2O2(OH)(NO3) (denoted as BION) hierarchitectures assembled by ultrathin nanosheets were hydrothermally synthesized from incomplete hydrolysis of anhydrous bismuth nitrate (Bi(NO3)3) after adsorption of glacial acetic acid (HAc). The structure, composition and optical property of the products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis spectra, etc. The as-prepared flowerlike BION possessed ultrahigh surface area and thus exhibited exceptional photocatalytic activity for rhodamine B (RhB) degradation under UV light irradiation with efficiency about 17, 6 and 2...
February 6, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144642/genetic-distances-in-three-ascidian-species-determined-by-pcr-technique
#4
Jong-Man Yoon
Seven oligonucleotides primers were shown to generate the shared loci, specific loci, unique shared loci to each species and shared loci by the three species which could be obviously scored. In the present study, 7 oligonucleotides primers produced 401 total loci in the Styela clava (SC) species, 390 in the Halocynthia roretzi (HR) and 434 in the Styela plicata (SP), respectively. Seven oligonucleotides primers generated 275 specific loci in the SC, 341 in the HR and 364 in the SP species, respectively. The oligonucleotides primer BION-23 generated 28 unique loci to each species in the SP species...
December 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135156/dream-images-and-creation
#5
Céline Masson, Silke Schauder, Simone Korff Sausse
This article links contemporary psychoanalytic theories of the dream, especially Bion's, with the work of the American video artist Bill Viola, who is deeply influenced by altered states of consciousness and produces images of dreamlike quality. We discuss the oneiric and infantile roots of creativity and artistic inspiration, finally taking Viola's monumental artwork The Passing (1991) as paradigmatic of the artist's aesthetic and philosophical elaboration of the relationship between life and death.
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091925/changes-in-the-neurochemical-composition-of-motor-neurons-of-the-spinal-cord-in-mice-under-conditions-of-space-flight
#6
V V Porseva, V V Shilkin, A A Strelkov, I B Krasnov, P M Masliukov
Expression of choline acetyltransferase, 200-kDa neurofilament protein, 28-kDa calbindin, neuronal NO synthase, caspase 3, and Ki-67 in the motor neurons of spinal cord segments T3-T5 in male C57Bl/6 mice after 30-day space flight in the Bion-M1 biosatellite was studied by immunohistochemical methods. Under conditions space flight, the size of motoneurons increased, the number of neurons containing choline acetyltransferase and neurofilaments, decreased, and the number of calbindin-positive neurons increased; motoneurons, expressing neuronal NO synthase and caspase 3 appeared, while Ki-67 was not detected...
January 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088578/the-effect-of-long-term-hindlimb-unloading-on-the-expression-of-risk-neurogenes-encoding-elements-of-serotonin-dopaminergic-systems-and-apoptosis-comparison-with-the-effect-of-actual-spaceflight-on-mouse-brain
#7
E A Kulikova, V A Kulikov, N A Sinyakova, A V Kulikov, N K Popova
The study of spaceflight effects on the brain is technically complex concern; complicated by the problem of applying an adequate ground model. The most-widely used experimental model to study the effect of microgravity is the tail-suspension hindlimb unloading model; however, its compliance with the effect of actual spaceflight on the brain is still unclear. We evaluated the effect of one month hindlimb unloading on the expression of genes related to the brain neuroplasticity-brain neutotrophic factors (Gdnf, Cdnf), apoptotic factors (Bcl-xl, Bax), serotonin- and dopaminergic systems (5-HT2A, Maoa, Maob, Th, D1r, Comt), and compared the results with the data obtained on mice that spent one month in spaceflight on Russian biosatellite Bion-M1...
January 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077852/growth-and-turbulence-in-the-container-contained-bion-s-continuing-legacy-edited-by-howard-b-levine-and-lawrence-j-brown-routledge-2013-323pp
#8
Virginia Rachmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076365/gene-expression-profiling-in-slow-type-calf-soleus-muscle-of-30-days-space-flown-mice
#9
Guido Gambara, Michele Salanova, Stefano Ciciliot, Sandra Furlan, Martina Gutsmann, Gudrun Schiffl, Ute Ungethuem, Pompeo Volpe, Hanns-Christian Gunga, Dieter Blottner
Microgravity exposure as well as chronic disuse are two main causes of skeletal muscle atrophy in animals and humans. The antigravity calf soleus is a reference postural muscle to investigate the mechanism of disuse-induced maladaptation and plasticity of human and rodent (rats or mice) skeletal musculature. Here, we report microgravity-induced global gene expression changes in space-flown mouse skeletal muscle and the identification of yet unknown disuse susceptible transcripts found in soleus (a mainly slow phenotype) but not in extensor digitorum longus (a mainly fast phenotype dorsiflexor as functional counterpart to soleus)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871948/vestibular-cerebellum-of-thick-toed-geckos-chondrodactylus-turnery-gray-1864-and-c57-bl6n-mice-after-the-long-term-space-flight-on-the-biosatellite-bion-m1
#10
Proshchina Alexandra, Kharlamova Anastasia, Barabanov Valeriy, Gulimova Victoria, Saveliev Sergey
The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of long-term space flights on neuronal and glial cells of the vestibular cerebellum of C57/BL6N mice and thick-toed geckos (Chondrodactylus turnery GRAY, 1864). The cerebella from 26 mice and 13 geckos were used in this study. Ten mice and five geckos were flown aboard the BION-M1 biosatellite. The other animals were used as controls. We used immunohistochemical techniques and classical histological method to reveal cell types in the vestibular cerebellum. Nonspecific pathomorphological changes in the Purkinje cells (such as chromatolysis, vacuolization and hyperchromatosis) were observed in the flight groups...
January 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865996/in-vivo-effects-of-metal-ions-on-conformation-and-mechanical-performance-of-silkworm-silks
#11
Xin Wang, Yi Li, Qingsong Liu, Quanmei Chen, Qingyou Xia, Ping Zhao
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of silk fiber formation is of particular interest. Although in vitro evidence has shown that metal ions affect conformational transitions of silks, the in vivo effects of metal ions on silk conformations and mechanical performance are still unclear. METHODS: This study explored the effects of metal ions on silk conformations and mechanical properties of silk fibers by adding K(+) and Cu(2+) into the silk fibroin solutions or injecting them into the silkworms...
March 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860373/investigation-of-methane-oxidation-reactions-over-a-dual-bed-catalyst-system-using-18-o-labelled-drifts-coupling
#12
Melissandre Richard, Daniel Duprez, Nicolas Bion, Fabien Can
Low loading Pd-supported (0.2 wt % Pd) Y-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and LaMnO3 (LM) perovskite were associated to study the partial oxidation of methane using labelled (18) O2 in the gas phase. Synthesis gas production was demonstrated to occur through an indirect reaction in which oxygen is first consumed in the total methane combustion. A Mars-van Krevelen mechanism was observed over Pd/YSZ at 425 °C to yield C(16) O2 and C(16) O. A significant enhancement of the Pd/YSZ catalyst activity was achieved by the association of LM-Pd/YSZ in a dual catalyst bed, resulting in a significant increase of the oxidation rate...
November 9, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852320/a-complex-endeavour-an-ethnographic-study-of-the-implementation-of-the-sepsis-six-clinical-care-bundle
#13
Carolyn Tarrant, Barbara O'Donnell, Graham Martin, Julian Bion, Alison Hunter, Kevin D Rooney
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the 'Sepsis Six' clinical care bundle within an hour of recognition of sepsis is recommended as an approach to reduce mortality in patients with sepsis, but achieving reliable delivery of the bundle has proved challenging. There remains little understanding of the barriers to reliable implementation of bundle components. We examined frontline clinical practice in implementing the Sepsis Six. METHODS: We conducted an ethnographic study in six hospitals participating in the Scottish Patient Safety Programme Sepsis collaborative...
November 16, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782649/transition-and-post-transition-metal-ions-in-borate-glasses-borate-ligand-speciation-cluster-formation-and-their-effect-on-glass-transition-and-mechanical-properties
#14
D Möncke, E I Kamitsos, D Palles, R Limbach, A Winterstein-Beckmann, T Honma, Z Yao, T Rouxel, L Wondraczek
A series of transition and post-transition metal ion (Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Bi) binary borate glasses was studied with special consideration of the cations impact on the borate structure, the cations cross-linking capacity, and more generally, structure-property correlations. Infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopies were used for the structural characterization. These complementary techniques are sensitive to the short-range order as in the differentiation of tetrahedral and trigonal borate units or regarding the number of non-bridging oxygen ions per unit...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763673/jung-s-psychoid-concept-and-bion-s-proto-mental-concept-a-comparison
#15
Ann Addison
Jung and Bion both developed theoretical concepts propounding a deeply unknowable area of the psyche in which body and mind are undifferentiated and the individual has no distinct identity, from which a differentiated consciousness arises. In Jung's case, this is enshrined in his psychoid concept and the associated notion of synchronicity and, in Bion's case, in his proto-mental concept and his ideas on group dynamics. It is by means of these two concepts that Jung and Bion approach and locate a combined body-mind, a monism, in which body and mind are seen as different aspects of the same thing...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742391/-early-restrictive-feeding-disorders-quantitative-assessment-of-parent-infant-feeding-interactions
#16
A Bion, T Cascales, S Dubedout, N Bodeau, J P Olives, J P Raynaud
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the study of early feeding disorders (FD) has steadily increased during recent decades. During this period, research described the importance of the transactional relationships and the complex interplay between caregiver and child over time. On the basis of the previous studies, our study tried to explore the associations between the characteristics of the parents and the temperamental characteristics of the infants with early FD. GOALS: A first aim of the present study was to show if parental perception of child temperament (including ability for arousal self-regulation) and parental characteristics (emotional and eating attitudes) are associated with early FD...
October 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660831/genetic-distances-of-crucian-carp-populations-analyzed-by-pcr-approach
#17
Jun-Hyub Jeon, Jong-Man Yoon
Genomic DNAs isolated from crucian carp of four rivers, belonging to the family Cyprinidae was amplified by seven oligonucleotides primers. In the present study, we employed hierarchical clustering method in order to reveal genetic distances and variations. Crucian carp was acquired from Hangang river (CAH), Geumgang river (CAG), Nakdonggang river (CAN) and Yeongsangang river (CAY). The primer BION-12 generated the most loci (a total of 50) with an average of 10 in the CAY population. The primer BION-10 generated the least loci (a total of 19), with an average of 3...
June 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658537/direct-nematicidal-effects-of-methyl-jasmonate-and-acibenzolar-s-methyl-against-meloidogyne-incognita
#18
Nele Schouteden, Eline Lemmens, Nina Stuer, Rosane Curtis, Bart Panis, Dirk De Waele
The aim of this study was to examine the nematicidal properties of two defence inducers against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. A direct-contact bioassay was applied to evaluate the nematicidal effects of acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) and methyl jasmonate (MEJA) on second-stage juveniles (J2). Nematodes were incubated in different concentrations of these compounds, and the numbers of immobile nematodes were counted after 24 and 48 h post incubation. Tap water was then added to verify whether the nematodes recovered or remained dead at 72 h...
September 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609075/working-through-the-caesura-a-clinical-illustration
#19
Luca Caldironi
More and more often analysts work with patients who must develop the capacity to participate in analysis. One such patient, H., conveyed the impression of being "bogged down." He did not work or study, and at home with his family was prone to violent outbursts; his social relationships were centered around drug use. Concepts from Bion and Winnicott helped H.'s analyst take the risks necessary to create a therapeutic relationship with him. The patient has come to realize the worth of analytic thinking, and its potential to transform his life...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543939/negative-hallucinations-dreams-and-hallucinations-the-framing-structure-and-its-representation-in-the-analytic-setting
#20
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper explores the meaning of a patient's hallucinatory experiences in the course of a five times a week analysis. I will locate my understanding within the context of André Green's ideas on the role of the framing structure and the negative hallucination in the structuring of the mind. The understanding of the transference and countertransference was crucial in the creation of meaning and enabling the transformations that took place in the analytic process. Through a detailed analysis of a clinical example the author examines Bion's distinction between hysterical hallucinations and psychotic hallucinations and formulates her own hypothesis about the distinctions between the two...
December 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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