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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871948/vestibular-cerebellum-of-thick-toed-geckos-chondrodactylus-turnery-gray-1864-and-c57-bl6n-mice-after-the-long-term-space-flight-on-the-biosatellite-bion-m1
#1
Proshchina Alexandra, Kharlamova Anastasia, Barabanov Valeriy, Gulimova Victoria, Saveliev Sergey
The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of long-term space flights on neuronal and glial cells of the vestibular cerebellum of C57/BL6N mice and thick-toed geckos (Chondrodactylus turnery GRAY, 1864). The cerebella from 26 mice and 13 geckos were used in this study. Ten mice and five geckos were flown aboard the BION-M1 biosatellite. The other animals were used as controls. We used immunohistochemical techniques and classical histological method to reveal cell types in the vestibular cerebellum. Nonspecific pathomorphological changes in the Purkinje cells (such as chromatolysis, vacuolization and hyperchromatosis) were observed in the flight groups...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865996/in-vivo-effects-of-metal-ions-on-conformation-and-mechanical-performance-of-silkworm-silks
#2
Xin Wang, Yi Li, Qingsong Liu, Quanmei Chen, Qingyou Xia, Ping Zhao
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of silk fiber formation is of particular interest. Although in vitro evidence has shown that metal ions affect conformational transitions of silks, the in vivo effects of metal ions on silk conformations and mechanical performance are still unclear. METHODS: This study explored the effects of metal ions on silk conformations and mechanical properties of silk fibers by adding K(+) and Cu(2+) into the silk fibroin solutions or injecting them into the silkworms...
November 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860373/investigation-of-methane-oxidation-reactions-over-lanthanum-manganites-pd-ysz-dual-bed-by-18o-labeling-drifts-coupling
#3
Melissandre Richard, Daniel Duprez, Nicolas Bion, Fabien Can
Low loading palladium supported yttrium-stabilized zirconia (0.2%wtPd/YSZ) and LaMnO3 perovskite were associated to study the partial oxidation of methane using labeled 18O2 in the gas phase. Synthesis gas production was demonstrated to occur via an indirect reaction where oxygen is first consumed in the total methane combustion. A Mars-Van-Krevelen mechanism was observed over Pd/YSZ at 425°C to yield C16O2 and C16O. A significant enhancement of the Pd/YSZ catalyst activity was achieved by the association of LaMnO3+Pd/YSZ in a dual catalyst bed...
November 9, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852320/a-complex-endeavour-an-ethnographic-study-of-the-implementation-of-the-sepsis-six-clinical-care-bundle
#4
Carolyn Tarrant, Barbara O'Donnell, Graham Martin, Julian Bion, Alison Hunter, Kevin D Rooney
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the 'Sepsis Six' clinical care bundle within an hour of recognition of sepsis is recommended as an approach to reduce mortality in patients with sepsis, but achieving reliable delivery of the bundle has proved challenging. There remains little understanding of the barriers to reliable implementation of bundle components. We examined frontline clinical practice in implementing the Sepsis Six. METHODS: We conducted an ethnographic study in six hospitals participating in the Scottish Patient Safety Programme Sepsis collaborative...
November 16, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782649/transition-and-post-transition-metal-ions-in-borate-glasses-borate-ligand-speciation-cluster-formation-and-their-effect-on-glass-transition-and-mechanical-properties
#5
D Möncke, E I Kamitsos, D Palles, R Limbach, A Winterstein-Beckmann, T Honma, Z Yao, T Rouxel, L Wondraczek
A series of transition and post-transition metal ion (Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Bi) binary borate glasses was studied with special consideration of the cations impact on the borate structure, the cations cross-linking capacity, and more generally, structure-property correlations. Infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopies were used for the structural characterization. These complementary techniques are sensitive to the short-range order as in the differentiation of tetrahedral and trigonal borate units or regarding the number of non-bridging oxygen ions per unit...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763673/jung-s-psychoid-concept-and-bion-s-proto-mental-concept-a-comparison
#6
Ann Addison
Jung and Bion both developed theoretical concepts propounding a deeply unknowable area of the psyche in which body and mind are undifferentiated and the individual has no distinct identity, from which a differentiated consciousness arises. In Jung's case, this is enshrined in his psychoid concept and the associated notion of synchronicity and, in Bion's case, in his proto-mental concept and his ideas on group dynamics. It is by means of these two concepts that Jung and Bion approach and locate a combined body-mind, a monism, in which body and mind are seen as different aspects of the same thing...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742391/-early-restrictive-feeding-disorders-quantitative-assessment-of-parent-infant-feeding-interactions
#7
A Bion, T Cascales, S Dubedout, N Bodeau, J P Olives, J P Raynaud
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the study of early feeding disorders (FD) has steadily increased during recent decades. During this period, research described the importance of the transactional relationships and the complex interplay between caregiver and child over time. On the basis of the previous studies, our study tried to explore the associations between the characteristics of the parents and the temperamental characteristics of the infants with early FD. GOALS: A first aim of the present study was to show if parental perception of child temperament (including ability for arousal self-regulation) and parental characteristics (emotional and eating attitudes) are associated with early FD...
October 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660831/genetic-distances-of-crucian-carp-populations-analyzed-by-pcr-approach
#8
Jun-Hyub Jeon, Jong-Man Yoon
Genomic DNAs isolated from crucian carp of four rivers, belonging to the family Cyprinidae was amplified by seven oligonucleotides primers. In the present study, we employed hierarchical clustering method in order to reveal genetic distances and variations. Crucian carp was acquired from Hangang river (CAH), Geumgang river (CAG), Nakdonggang river (CAN) and Yeongsangang river (CAY). The primer BION-12 generated the most loci (a total of 50) with an average of 10 in the CAY population. The primer BION-10 generated the least loci (a total of 19), with an average of 3...
June 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658537/direct-nematicidal-effects-of-methyl-jasmonate-and-acibenzolar-s-methyl-against-meloidogyne-incognita
#9
Nele Schouteden, Eline Lemmens, Nina Stuer, Rosane Curtis, Bart Panis, Dirk De Waele
The aim of this study was to examine the nematicidal properties of two defence inducers against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. A direct-contact bioassay was applied to evaluate the nematicidal effects of acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) and methyl jasmonate (MEJA) on second-stage juveniles (J2). Nematodes were incubated in different concentrations of these compounds, and the numbers of immobile nematodes were counted after 24 and 48 h post incubation. Tap water was then added to verify whether the nematodes recovered or remained dead at 72 h...
September 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609075/working-through-the-caesura-a-clinical-illustration
#10
Luca Caldironi
More and more often analysts work with patients who must develop the capacity to participate in analysis. One such patient, H., conveyed the impression of being "bogged down." He did not work or study, and at home with his family was prone to violent outbursts; his social relationships were centered around drug use. Concepts from Bion and Winnicott helped H.'s analyst take the risks necessary to create a therapeutic relationship with him. The patient has come to realize the worth of analytic thinking, and its potential to transform his life...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543939/negative-hallucinations-dreams-and-hallucinations-the-framing-structure-and-its-representation-in-the-analytic-setting
#11
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
This paper explores the meaning of a patient's hallucinatory experiences in the course of a five times a week analysis. I will locate my understanding within the context of André Green's ideas on the role of the framing structure and the negative hallucination in the structuring of the mind. The understanding of the transference and countertransference was crucial in the creation of meaning and enabling the transformations that took place in the analytic process. Through a detailed analysis of a clinical example the author examines Bion's distinction between hysterical hallucinations and psychotic hallucinations and formulates her own hypothesis about the distinctions between the two...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509169/differential-analysis-of-the-nasal-microbiome-of-pig-carriers-or-non-carriers-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
Carmen Espinosa-Gongora, Niels Larsen, Kristian Schønning, Merete Fredholm, Luca Guardabassi
Staphylococcus aureus is presently regarded as an emerging zoonotic agent due to the spread of specific methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) clones in pig farms. Studying the microbiota can be useful for the identification of bacteria that antagonize such opportunistic veterinary and zoonotic pathogen in animal carriers. The aim of this study was to determine whether the nasal microbiome of pig S. aureus carriers differs from that of non-carriers. The V3-V5 region of the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced from nasal swabs of 44 S...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500705/converging-paradigms-a-reflection-on-parallel-theoretical-developments-in-psychoanalytic-metapsychology-and-empirical-dream-research
#13
Ágoston Schmelowszky
In the last decades one can perceive a striking parallelism between the shifting perspective of leading representatives of empirical dream research concerning their conceptualization of dreaming and the paradigm shift within clinically based psychoanalytic metapsychology with respect to its theory on the significance of dreaming. In metapsychology, dreaming becomes more and more a central metaphor of mental functioning in general. The theories of Klein, Bion, and Matte-Blanco can be considered as milestones of this paradigm shift...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500703/zen-musings-on-bion-s-o-and-k
#14
Paul C Cooper
The author defines Bion's use of "O" and "K" and discusses both from the radical nondualist realizational perspective available through the lens of Eihei Dogen's (1200-1253) Soto Zen Buddhist orientation. Fundamental differences in core foundational principles are discussed as well as similarities and their relevance to clinical practice. A case example exemplifies and explicates the abstract aspects of the discussion, which draws from Zen teaching stories, reference to Dogen's original writings, and the scholarly commentarial literature as well as from contemporary writers who integrate Zen Buddhist study and practice with Bion's psychoanalytic writings on theory and technique...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474086/the-relevance-of-bionian-thinking-to-the-treatment-of-ptsd-patients
#15
David Potik
Analysts who conduct trauma-focused treatments have much to learn from Wilfred Bion's contributions to the understanding and treatment of PTSD. Concepts such as catastrophe and catastrophic change can illuminate the subjective experience of PTSD patients, the beta screen concept sheds light on dissociative phenomena, and, as shown in a clinical vignette, the analyst can use his alpha function to transform the patient's fragmented raw material into alpha elements. A second clinical vignette shows how during a cognitive intervention the analyst can impart this alpha function to the patient and use his reverie to help the patient assimilate previously intolerable fragments into a coherent narrative...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437633/the-oedipus-complex-a-confrontation-at-the-central-cross-roads-of-psychoanalysis
#16
Raul Hartke
The theory of the Oedipus complex as Freud formulated it rests on the following pillars: the child's characteristic sexual and aggressive impulses concerning the parents, phallic monism, and the castration complex. This paper reviews the context in which Freud discovered the Oedipus complex, as well as Freud's theory. It then examines the proposals of later authors whose general Oedipal theories differ from Freud's in an attempt to point out both their possible correlations and confrontations with Freud. It includes Klein's pre-genital Oedipal theory, Lacan's structuralist reinterpretation, Bion's reconception of the complex under the knowledge vertex, Green's generalized triangulation theory, Meltzer's notions of the aesthetic object and sexual mental states, and Chasseguet-Smirgel's archaic Oedipal matrix...
June 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435256/freud-bion-and-kant-epistemology-and-anthropology-in-the-interpretation-of-dreams
#17
Stella Sandford
This interdisciplinary article takes a philosophical approach to The Interpretation of Dreams, connecting Freud to one of the few philosophers with whom he sometimes identified - Immanuel Kant. It aims to show that Freud's theory of dreams has more in common with Bion's later thoughts on dreaming than is usually recognized. Distinguishing, via a discussion of Kant, between the conflicting 'epistemological' and 'anthropological' aspects of The Interpretation of Dreams, it shows that one specific contradiction in the book - concerning the relation between dream-work and waking thought - can be understood in terms of the tension between these conflicting aspects...
July 20, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428588/finding-the-something-in-nothing
#18
Michael Robbins
Formless Infinity: Clinical Explorations of Matte Blanco and Bion. By Riccardo Lombardi. Translated by Karen Christenfeld, Gina Atkinson, Andrea Sabbadini, and Philip Slotkin. London/New York: Routledge, 2016. 282 pp.
July 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428585/rethinking-the-role-of-small-group-collaborators-and-adversaries-in-the-london-kleinian-development-1914-1968
#19
Joseph Aguayo, Agnes Regeczkey
The authors historically situate the London Kleinian development in terms of the small-group collaborations and adversaries that arose during the course of Melanie Klein's career. Some collaborations later became personally adversarial (e.g., those Klein had with Glover and Schmideberg); other adversarial relationships forever remained that way (with A. Freud); while still other long-term collaborations became theoretically contentious (such as with Winnicott and Heimann). After the Controversial Discussions in 1944, Klein marginalized one group of supporters (Heimann, Winnicott, and Riviere) in favor of another group (Rosenfeld, Segal, and Bion)...
July 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301481/pichon-rivi%C3%A3-re-s-psychoanalytic-contributions-some-comparisons-with-object-relations-and-modern-developments-in-psychoanalysis
#20
David E Scharff, Roberto Losso, Lea Setton
Enrique Pichon-Rivière's work, fundamental to Latin American and European psychoanalytic development, is largely unknown in English-language psychoanalysis. Pichon's central contribution, the link (el vinculo), describes relational bonds in all dimensions. People are born into, live in, and relate through links. Psychic structure is built of links that then influence external interaction. Links, expressed in mind, body and external action, continuously join internal and external worlds. Links have two axes: vertical axis links connect generations through unconscious transgenerational transmission; horizontal axis links connect persons to life partners, family, community and society...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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