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Group psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145917/short-term-effects-of-the-empathic-talk-the-role-of-perceived-empathy-interpersonal-dispositions-and-vagal-tone-on-experiencing-depth
#1
Michele Dufey, Juan Enrique Wilson
The present study examines the immediate impact of empathic attitudes on the receiver, by comparing an empathic conversation (EC) with a neutral one (NC) on experiencing depth (EXP), perceived empathy and vagal tone. We also evaluate if empathy effects depend on personality dispositions relevant to interpersonal functioning. An experimental, counterbalanced, within-subject design was implemented wherein participants (n = 27, age M = 22.6, SD = 4.0, 52% females) talked about a personal, meaningful topic for 20 minutes under both the EC and NC conditions...
November 17, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145076/veterans-group-exercise-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-an-integrative-exercise-program-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress
#2
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Wolf E Mehling, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen, Deborah E Barnes, Gerard J Choucroun, Aliza Silver, Lisa S Talbot, Shira Maguen, Jennifer A Hlavin, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas C Neylan
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among military veterans and is associated with significant negative health outcomes. However, stigma and other barriers to care prevent many veterans from pursuing traditional mental health treatment. We developed a group-based Integrative Exercise (IE) program combining aerobic and resistance exercise, which is familiar to veterans, with mindfulness-based practices suited to veterans with PTSD. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IE on PTSD symptom severity and quality of life, as well as assess the feasibility and acceptability of IE...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136683/why-is-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-mcgp-effective-enhanced-sense-of-meaning-as-the-mechanism-of-change-for-advanced-cancer-patients
#3
Barry Rosenfeld, Heining Cham, Hayley Pessin, William Breitbart
OBJECTIVES: Meaning-Centered Group Psychotherapy (MCGP) has been demonstrated to be an effective method for improving advanced cancer patients' quality of life and reducing their depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death. To further understand MCGP, this study examined the mechanisms of change in MCGP on these outcomes via advanced cancer patients' changes of sense of meaning and peace in life. METHODS: The sample data were from two randomized control trials that compared MCGP (n = 124) to supportive group psychotherapy (n = 94)...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136682/exploring-the-cancer-caregiver-s-journey-through-web-based-meaning-centered-psychotherapy
#4
A J Applebaum, K L Buda, E Schofield, M Farberov, N D Teitelbaum, K Evans, R Cowens-Alvarado, R S Cannady
PURPOSE: Psychosocial interventions are historically underutilized by cancer caregivers, but support programs delivered flexibly over the Internet address multiple barriers to care. We adapted Meaning-Centered Psychotherapy for Cancer Caregivers, an in-person psychotherapeutic intervention intended to augment caregivers' sense of meaning and purpose and ameliorate burden, for delivery in a self-administered web-based program, the Care for the Cancer Caregiver (CCC) Workshop. The present study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of this program...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131398/response-to-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-veterans-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Franklin Mesa, Benjamin D Dickstein, Virgil D Wooten, Kathleen M Chard
Recent studies have called attention to the need for enhancing treatment outcome in trauma-focused psychotherapies, such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), with veterans. Given the prevalence of posttraumatic-related sleep disturbances, and the role of sleep in emotional learning and processing, sleep quality may be a target for improving CPT outcome. Elevated rates of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been reported in samples of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, the impact of OSA on response to CPT is unclear...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131090/online-self-help-as-an-add-on-to-inpatient-psychotherapy-efficacy-of-a-new-blended-treatment-approach
#6
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Rudolf J Knickenberg, Martin Siepmann, Karin Hagen, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most frequent and costly mental disorders. While there is increasing evidence for the efficacy of online self-help to improve depression or prevent relapse, there is little evidence in blended care settings, especially combined with inpatient face-to-face psychotherapy. Therefore, we evaluated whether an evidence-based online self-help program improves the efficacy of inpatient psychotherapy. METHODS: A total of 229 depressed patients were randomly allocated either to an online self-help program (intervention group [IG]; Deprexis) or an active control group (CG; weekly online information on depression) in addition to inpatient psychodynamic psychotherapy...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131050/the-clinical-inadequacy-of-the-placebo-model-and-the-development-of-an-alternative-conceptual-framework
#7
Giovanni A Fava, Jenny Guidi, Chiara Rafanelli, Karl Rickels
Placebo effects are often attributed to clinical interactions and contextual factors that affect expectations of the patient about the treatment and result in symptom changes. The prevailing conceptualization consists of an undifferentiated placebo response that needs to be minimized in controlled investigations and maximized in clinical practice. However, treatment outcome is the cumulative result of the interaction of several classes of variables with a selected treatment: living conditions (housing, nutrition, work environment, social support), patient characteristics (age, sex, genetics, general health conditions, personality, well-being), illness features and previous therapeutic experience, self-management, and treatment setting (physician's attitude and attention, illness behavior)...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#8
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126341/-acceptance-of-online-based-therapy-by-patients-with-light-to-moderate-depressive-disorders
#9
Christoph Dockweiler, Anna Kupitz, Claudia Hornberg
Objectives Over the past few years, there has been a considerable increase in online-based therapeutic services for people affected by depressive disorders. The efficacy and efficiency of these programmes is well documented by now. User acceptance is considered as a significant factor of success in establishing this new patient-centered care. Theory-based acceptance surveys can provide valuable scientific knowledge regarding long-term introduction. Methods A nationwide online survey was conducted to determine the attitude towards web-based psychotherapy services for depressive disorders, the current state of knowledge and the intention of 186 participants (124 female and 62 male participants; aged 21 and above) to use these services...
November 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#10
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122501/psychoneuroimmunological-approach-to-gastrointestinal-related-pain
#11
REVIEW
Karlo Toljan, Bruce Vrooman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE (AIMS): Psychoneuroimmunology is both a theoretical and practical field of medicine in which human biology and psychology are considered an interconnected unity. Through such a framework it is possible to elucidate complex syndromes in gastrointestinal related pain, particularly chronic non-malignant. The aim is to provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms and suggest treatment modalities according to a comprehensive paradigm. The article also presents novel findings that may guide clinicians to recognize new targets or scientists to find new research topics...
November 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#12
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108671/metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-for-early-psychosis-a-preliminary-study-of-a-novel-integrative-psychotherapy
#13
Jenifer L Vohs, Bethany L Leonhardt, Alison V James, Michael M Francis, Alan Breier, Nikki Mehdiyoun, Andrew C Visco, Paul H Lysaker
Poor insight impedes treatment in early phase psychosis (EPP). This manuscript outlines preliminary findings of an investigation of the novel metacognitively oriented integrative psychotherapy, Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy, for individuals with early phase psychosis (MERIT-EP). Twenty adults with EPP and poor insight were randomized to either six months of MERIT-EP or treatment as usual (TAU). Therapists were trained and therapy was successfully delivered under routine, outpatient conditions...
November 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095538/the-impact-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-rates-of-return-to-psychotherapy-for-depression
#14
John E Zeber, Karen J Coleman, Heidi Fischer, Tae K Yoon, Brian K Ahmedani, Arne Beck, Samuel Hubley, Zac E Imel, Rebecca C Rossom, Susan M Shortreed, Christine Stewart, Beth E Waitzfelder, Greg E Simon
BACKGROUND: There are many limitations with the evidence base for the role of race and ethnicity in continuation of psychotherapy for depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 242,765 patients ≥ 18 years old from six healthcare systems in the Mental Health Research Network (MHRN) who had a new episode of psychotherapy treatment for depression between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2013. Data were from electronic medical records and organized in a Virtual Data Warehouse (VDW)...
November 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093948/improving-the-effectiveness-of-psychotherapy-in-two-public-hospitals-in-nairobi
#15
Fredrik Falkenström, Matthew David Gee, Mary Wangari Kuria, Caleb Joseph Othieno, Manasi Kumar
This paper is the first in a planned series of papers studying the effectiveness of psychotherapy and counselling in Nairobi. It describes a method for checking the effectiveness of psychotherapy and improving service quality in a Kenyan context. Rather than prematurely imposing psychotherapy protocols developed in Western countries in another cultural context, we believe that first studying psychological interventions as they are practised may generate understanding of which psychological problems are common, what interventions therapists use, and what seems to be effective in reducing psychiatric problems...
August 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089146/a-comprehensive-review-of-research-on-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#16
REVIEW
Jonathan W Kanter, Katherine E Manbeck, Adam M Kuczynski, Daniel W M Maitland, Alessandra Villas-Bôas, Michel A Reyes Ortega
Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) is a transdiagnostic approach to outpatient psychotherapy that presented guidelines to instantiate the behavioral principle of natural, social reinforcement applied to idiographic behavioral targets within a genuine and authentic psychotherapy relationship. We present the first comprehensive review of research on FAP, including qualitative studies, uncontrolled and controlled single-case designs, group designs, and studies on training therapists in FAP...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077724/effectiveness-of-telephone-based-aftercare-case-management-for-adult-patients-with-unipolar-depression-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Laura Kivelitz, Levente Kriston, Eva Christalle, Holger Schulz, Birgit Watzke, Martin Härter, Lutz Götzmann, Harald Bailer, Sabine Zahn, Hanne Melchior
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression often have limited access to outpatient psychotherapy following inpatient treatment. The objective of the study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a telephone-based aftercare case management (ACM) intervention for patients with depression. METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized controlled trial in four psychotherapeutic inpatient care units with N = 199 patients with major depression or dysthymia (F32.x, F33...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072149/pattern-of-changes-during-treatment-a-comparison-between-a-positive-psychology-intervention-and-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-clinical-depression
#19
Irene Lopez-Gomez, Covadonga Chaves, Gonzalo Hervas, Carmelo Vazquez
Research on psychotherapy has traditionally focused on analyzing changes between the beginning and the end of a treatment. Few studies have addressed the pattern of therapeutic change during treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of changes in clinical and well-being variables during a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program compared with an integrative positive psychology interventions program for clinical depression IPPI-D. 128 women with a diagnosis of major depression or dysthymia were assigned to the CBT or PPI group...
October 26, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068571/location-of-the-ischemic-focus-in-rehabilitated-stroke-patients-with-impairment-of-executive-functions
#20
Agnieszka M Jankowska, Robert Klimkiewicz, Anna Kubsik, Paulina Klimkiewicz, Janusz Śmigielski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunctions are part of the clinical symptoms of a stroke and can inhibit the process of rehabilitation. Patients with impaired executive functions may manifest aggression, impulsiveness, impaired thinking and planning. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the ischemic focus location on the effectiveness of physiotherapy in improving the executive functions in patients after stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety patients after unilateral ischemic cerebral stroke were studied...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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