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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545833/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-for-dementia-pilot-studies-of-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-cultural-adaptation-for-india
#1
Shruti Raghuraman, Monisha Lakshminarayanan, Sridhar Vaitheswaran, Thara Rangaswamy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to culturally adapt, translate, and test the feasibility and acceptability of delivering cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for persons with mild to moderate dementia in Chennai, India. METHODS: The adaptation followed a five-stage process in accordance with the formative method for adapting psychotherapy. Focus-group discussions with experts and feedback from participants, carers, and facilitators after two consecutive pilot studies provided the basis for adaptation...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545757/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-family-focused-treatment-and-individual-supportive-therapy-for-depression-in-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#2
Martha C Tompson, Catherine A Sugar, David A Langer, Joan R Asarnow
OBJECTIVE: Despite the morbidity and negative outcomes associated with early-onset depression, few studies have examined the efficacy of psychosocial treatment for depressive disorders during childhood. Integrating family in treatment could have particularly salutary effects during this developmental period. This trial compared immediate posttreatment effects of family-focused treatment for childhood depression (FFT-CD) with those of individual supportive psychotherapy (IP) for children 7 to 14 years old with depressive disorders...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545580/early-response-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-syndromes-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#3
Maria Kleinstäuber, Michael J Lambert, Wolfgang Hiller
BACKGROUND: Early dramatic treatment response suggests a subset of patients who respond to treatment before most of it has been offered. These early responders tend to be over represented among those who are well at termination and at follow-up. Early response patterns in psychotherapy have been investigated only for a few of mental disorders so far. The main aim of the current study was to examine early response after five therapy-preparing sessions of a cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for syndromes of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541727/conversational-model-psychotherapy
#4
Anthony Korner, Loyola McLean
OBJECTIVES: To briefly outline historical development, theoretical orientation, evidence and areas of application for Conversational Model Psychotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Conversational Model Therapy remains an important evidence-based option in fostering recovery and growth for many patients with traumatic disruptions and restrictions of self. It is one of an emerging group of relational psychotherapies, broadly reflecting a change from a one person to a two person (intersubjective) psychological paradigm in psychotherapy...
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536900/hopes-for-the-future-of-pain-control
#5
REVIEW
Kirsty Bannister, Mateusz Kucharczyk, Anthony H Dickenson
Here we aim to present an accessible review of the pharmacological targets for pain management, and succinctly discuss the newest trends in pain therapy. A key task for current pain pharmacotherapy is the identification of receptors and channels orchestrating nociception. Notwithstanding peripheral alterations in the receptors and channels following pathophysiological events, the modulatory mechanisms in the central nervous system are also fundamental to the regulation of pain perception. Bridging preclinical and clinical studies of peripheral and central components of pain modulation, we present the different types of pain and relate these to pharmacological interventions...
May 23, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535332/interventions-for-treating-anxiety-after-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Peter Knapp, C Alexia Campbell Burton, John Holmes, Jenni Murray, David Gillespie, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Caroline L Watkins, Ho-Yan Y Chun, Sharon R Lewis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of stroke patients experience clinically significant levels of anxiety at some point after stroke. Physicians can treat these patients with antidepressants or other anxiety-reducing drugs, or both, or they can provide psychological therapy. This review looks at available evidence for these interventions. This is an update of the review first published in October 2011. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical, psychological, complementary, or alternative therapeutic interventions in treating stroke patients with anxiety disorders or symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532254/towards-the-recovery-of-a-sense-of-self-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-patients-experience-of-body-oriented-psychotherapy-for-schizophrenia
#7
Laura Galbusera, Lisa Fellin, Thomas Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of body-oriented psychotherapy (BPT) for schizophrenia. Yet, so far no research has investigated outcome in relation to therapy process: Why and how BPT is effective. In this study, we qualitatively explore participants' experience of a manualized BPT for schizophrenia to shed light on the process of therapeutic change. METHOD: We conducted in-depth interviews with 6 participants who completed a 10-week BPT group intervention...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530413/inverting-the-power-dynamic-the-process-of-first-sessions-of-psychotherapy-with-therapists-of-color-and-non-latino-white-patients
#8
Lia Okun, Doris F Chang, Gregory Kanhai, Jordan Dunn, Hailey Easley
The present study is the first to apply Trawalter, Richeson, and Shelton's (2009) stress and coping framework to qualitatively examine interracial interactions in initial sessions of psychotherapy. The sample included 22 dyads: 15 therapists of color administering various treatment modalities to 15 treatment-seeking non-Latino White (NLW) patients and a comparison group of 7 intraracial (NLW-NLW) dyads. In Phase 1, videorecordings of the first session of treatment were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis (TA) to describe patient and therapist behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#9
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#10
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516059/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-drug-therapy-on-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Ali Hassanpour Dehkordi, Kamal Solati
Psychotherapy and drug therapy are considered useful in quality of life (QOL) and symptoms of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) associated with drug therapy in comparison to drug therapy alone on the QOL and symptoms of IBS patients with diarrhea predominance. This study was a randomized clinical trial on 64 IBS patients. The patients were selected according to Rome III criteria and were assigned into two groups...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511242/-depression-and-comorbid-personality-disorder-effectiveness-of-psychodynamic-inpatient-psychotherapy
#12
Daniel Seidler, Ralf Schäfer, Dörte Jenett, Norbert Hartkamp, Matthias Franz
Objectives Depression is one of the most common illnesses. The effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy on depressive symptom load has been demonstrated. However, for patients suffering from comorbid personality disorder (PD) a decreased benefit has been reported, as well as fewer rates of remission and extended duration of remission. However, findings are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to determine potential differences in therapy-outcome comparing female patients with and without comorbid PD...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509624/the-role-of-evidence-based-therapy-relationships-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-trauma-a-systematic-review
#13
Amy E Ellis, Vanessa Simiola, Laura Brown, Christine Courtois, Joan M Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize the empirical literature on the effects of evidence-based therapy relationship (EBR) variables in the psychological treatment for adults who experienced trauma-related distress. METHOD: Studies were identified using comprehensive searches of PsycINFO, Medline, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508657/-suicide-a-serious-health-and-social-problem-with-the-possibility-of-prevention
#14
Martin Anders
Suicide is a serious health and social problem whose incidence varies between genders, age groups, geographical distribution and with influence of socio-political structure of society. It has been identified many risk factors and this behavior has etiological heterogeneity. There is no effective algorithm to predict suicidal activity in clinical practice, but increase the detection is associated with introducing the professional community and especially primary care physicians with clinical, psychological, sociological and biological factors whose can bring increasing of the recognition of vulnerable individuals and allow initiation of therapeutic interventions psychotherapy, psychopharmacology, neuromodulatory modalities or their combinations to achieve effective level of suicide prevention...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499313/-changes-in-tasks-and-job-characteristics-in-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-inpatient-treatment-in-germany
#15
Michael Löhr, Gerhard Längle
In Germany, mandatory standards in staff job characteristics concerning inpatient (clinic and day clinic) treatment in psychiatry and psychotherapy were established for the very first time in the year 1990. Those job characteristics, concerning the several groups of professionals in German psychiatric-psychotherapeutic hospitals and departments underwent significant changes causing issues of law, professional and socio-cultural development since then. Besides general structurally changes, the present article focuses more particularly on the field of inpatient psychiatric intensive care therapy...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#16
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498279/effectiveness-of-a-stepped-collaborative-and-coordinated-health-care-network-for-somatoform-disorders-sofu-net-a-controlled-cluster-cohort-study
#17
Bernd Löwe, Katharina Piontek, Anne Daubmann, Martin Härter, Karl Wegscheider, Hans-Helmut König, Meike Shedden-Mora
OBJECTIVE: Stepped, collaborative, and coordinated approaches have been proposed as the optimal treatment strategy for somatic symptom and related disorders (SSRD), but evidence supporting this strategy is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a guideline-based health care network for patients who are at high risk of somatoform disorder (Sofu-Net). METHODS: In a controlled, prospective, observer-blinded cluster cohort study, patients who were at high risk of somatoform disorder were recruited at 18 primary care practices in the Sofu-Net and at 15 primary care practices that provided care as usual (CAU)...
May 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497909/the-therapeutic-alliance-in-different-mental-disorders-a-comparison-of-patients-with-depression-somatoform-and-eating-disorders
#18
Johannes Mander, Andreas B Neubauer, Angelika Schlarb, Martin Teufel, Hinrich Bents, Martin Hautzinger, Stephan Zipfel, Andreas Wittorf, Isa Sammet
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic alliance is intensively investigated in psychotherapy research. However, there is scarce research on the role of the specific diagnosis of the patient in the formation of the therapeutic alliance. Hence, the aim of this study was to address this research gap by comparing the alliance in different mental disorders. DESIGN: Our sample comprised 348 patients (mean age = 40 years; 68% female; 133 patients with depression, 122 patients with somatoform disorders, and 93 patients with eating disorders)...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493403/suicide-prevention-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-analysis-of-coroners-reports
#19
Jenni Manuel, Marie Crowe, Maree Inder, Mark Henaghan
Suicide is a major concern for mental health nurses because of its clear correlation with mental illness. In New Zealand, coroners investigate all deaths that appear to be a result of suicide, and provide reports to mental health services (MHS). The aim of the present study was to investigate coronial recommendations to MHS in relation to suicide prevention and to examine clinical and family responses to these. The present study was a three-phase design: (i) analysis of coroners' recommendations related to suicide in MHS; (ii) interviews with clinicians for their response to the recommendations; and (iii) interviews with individuals working with families of consumers of MHS for their responses in relation to family-related recommendations...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493245/-the-prognostic-significance-of-icf-data-with-regard-to-realization-of-recommendations-given-in-the-medical-discharge-report-after-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#20
Jörg Oster, Jörn von Wietersheim, Gottfried Müller, Carina Braunger
Target In this trial, the prognostic significance of ICF-related diagnostics compared to social and medical, disease-related and personal factors with regard to realization of recommendations given in the medical discharge report after the in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation should be examined. Methodology ICF-related, social and medical, disease-related and personal prognostic factors were surveyed by questionnaires and interviews, on admission, discharge and 6 months after discharge from rehabilitation (time of catamnesis)...
May 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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