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Group psychotherapy

Brian Shiner, Christine Leonard Westgate, Vanessa Simiola, Richard Thompson, Paula P Schnurr, Joan M Cook
Objective: Available studies on implementation of evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for patients attending Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) residential post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) programs rely on therapist self-report of EBP delivery. Patient-level data on receipt of EBP are needed both to corroborate therapist self-report and to understand patient factors that predict receipt of EBPs for PTSD. Materials and Methods: We identified 159 therapists from 38 VA residential PTSD programs who responded to a survey about EBP implementation during the 2015 fiscal year (FY15)...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Nora Stünkel-Grees, Jens Clausen, Alexander Wünsch
Outpatient Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents with Intellectual Disability The psychiatric morbidity risk for people with intellectual disability is considerably increased. Psychotherapy is considered as one possible treatment. Among experts the caresituation is described as substantial insufficient. This study investigated the perspective of psychotherapists for children and adolescents in the German state North Rhine-Westphalia regarding the care situation of outpatient psychotherapy for children and adolescents with intellectual disability...
March 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Per Bech, Stephen Fitzgerald Austin, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for anxiety and depressive disorders are an important aspect of measurement-based care. AIM: The aim of the study was to perform a clinimetric analysis of two PROMs scales in patents with depression and anxiety. METHODS: Patients completed a 10-item version (SCL-10) of the Symptom Checklist to measure burden of symptoms and a brief 5-item version of World Health Organization Well-being scale (WHO-5) to measure quality of life...
March 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Tanya van de Water, Jaco Rossouw, Alberta S J van der Watt, Elna Yadin, Soraya Seedat
This qualitative investigation, nested within a randomized controlled trial (RCT), describes the experiences of adolescent participants accessing psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a school-based setting. Supervised nurses provided the psychotherapeutic interventions. Twelve participants who took part in the RCT were invited, and 10 agreed to share their experiences through recorded face-to-face, semistructured, in-depth interviews and treatment-specific focus groups. Basic thematic analysis was applied using Atlas...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Yolanda Maroño Souto, Miriam Vázquez Campo, Francisco Díaz Llenderrozas, Marina Rodríguez Álvarez, Raimundo Mateos, Alejandro García Caballero
Background: Schizophrenia patients present deficits in social cognition (SC), emotion and social perception, theory of mind (ToM), and attributional style. This study tested the efficacy, in real clinical conditions, of a online self-training program in SC, e-Motional Training® , in comparison with treatment as usual. Method: A randomized single-blinded multicenter clinical trial was conducted with 60 schizophrenia stable outpatients. All patients (control and intervention) were treated with drug therapy, case management, and individual and group psychotherapy (not focused on SC)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Mariam Rahmani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
Raphael Schuster, Isabelle Fichtenbauer, Verena Maria Sparr, Thomas Berger, Anton-Rupert Laireiter
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the feasibility of a novel blended (face-to-face and computer-based) group intervention for the reduction of depressive symptoms in major depression. DESIGN: Patient-centred uncontrolled interventional study. SETTING: University setting in a general community sample. A multimodal recruitment strategy (public health centres and public areas) was applied. PARTICIPANTS: Based on independent interviews, 26 participants, diagnosed with major depressive disorder (81% female; 23% comorbidity >1 and 23% comorbidity >2), entered treatment...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Sarah Marks
This article traces what recent research and primary sources tell us about psychotherapy in Communist Europe, and how it survived both underground and above the surface. In particular, I will elaborate on the psychotherapeutic techniques that were popular across the different countries and language cultures of the Soviet sphere, with a particular focus upon the Cold War period. This article examines the literature on the mixed fortunes of psychoanalysis and group therapies in the region. More specifically, it focuses upon the therapeutic modalities such as work therapy, suggestion and rational therapy, which gained particular popularity in the Communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe...
2018: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
Falk Leichsenring, Christiane Steinert
BACKGROUND: In psychotherapy research unified, transdiagnostic and modular treatments have emerged. This is true for both cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy. Recently, two unified psychodynamic protocols were presented, one for anxiety disorders, another for depressive disorders. Integrating the treatment principles for these two highly prevalent disorder groups into one protocol for "emotional disorders" may be useful for both clinical practice and training in psychotherapy...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Cleo L Crunelle, Wim van den Brink, Franz Moggi, Maija Konstenius, Johan Franck, Frances R Levin, Geurt van de Glind, Zsolt Demetrovics, Corné Coetzee, Mathias Luderer, Arnt Schellekens, Frieda Matthys
Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with substance use disorders (SUD) and is associated with early onset and more severe development of SUD and with reduced treatment effectiveness. Screening tools allow for a good recognition of possible ADHD in adults with SUD and should be used routinely, followed by an ADHD diagnostic process initiated as soon as possible. Simultaneous and integrated treatment of ADHD and SUD, using a combination of pharmaco- and psychotherapy, is recommended...
March 6, 2018: European Addiction Research
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Myeong Soo Lee, Li-Qiong Wang, Phillipa J Hay
BACKGROUND: Depression is recognised as a major public health problem that has a substantial impact on individuals and on society. People with depression may consider using complementary therapies such as acupuncture, and an increasing body of research has been undertaken to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression. This is the second update of this review. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and adverse effects of acupuncture for treatment of individuals with depression...
March 4, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Christina Tomei, Sophie Lebel, Christine Maheu, Monique Lefebvre, Cheryl Harris
PURPOSE: Among cancer survivors, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is the most frequently reported unmet need. Despite this, research on psychosocial interventions that target FCR is limited. To address this gap, an individual cognitive-existential psychotherapy intervention for FCR was pilot tested via small-scale RCT. METHODS: Participants were recruited via study posters, healthcare professionals' referrals, and an electronic hospital database. Twenty-five female cancer survivors were randomized to experimental or wait-list control groups...
March 2, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Xuefeng Zhang, David A Nielsen, Coreen B Domingo, Daryl I Shorter, Ellen M Nielsen, Thomas R Kosten
The α1 -adrenergic antagonist, doxazosin, has improved cocaine use disorder (CUD) presumably by blocking norepinephrine (NE) stimulation and reward from cocaine-induced NE increases. If the NE levels for release were lower, then doxazosin might more readily block this NE stimulation and be more effective. The NE available for release can be lower through a genetic polymorphism in dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) (C-1021T, rs1611115), which reduces DβH's conversion of dopamine to NE. We hypothesize that doxazosin would be more effective in CUD patients who have these genetically lower DβH levels...
March 2, 2018: Addiction Biology
Johanna Kienle, Brigitte Rockstroh, Johanna Fiess, Roger Schmidt, Tzvetan Popov, Astrid Steffen-Klatt
Introduction: The present study addressed the variation of emotion regulation in the context of functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD) by examining changes of functional neurological symptoms (FNS), general psychological strain, alexithymia, emotion regulation strategies, and cortical correlates of emotion regulation in the context of a standard inpatient treatment program. Methods and materials: Self-report data on FNS, general psychological strain, alexithymia, emotion regulation strategies, and cortical correlates of an experimentally induced emotion regulation task (participants either passively watched unpleasant and neutral pictures or regulated their emotional response to unpleasant pictures using pre-trained reappraisal, while an electroencephalogram was recorded) were compared between 19 patients with FNSD and 19 healthy comparison participants (HC) before and after a 4-week standard treatment protocol that included a combination of (individual and group) psychotherapies and functional treatments (such as physiotherapy) or a 4-week interval in HC, respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
P Cuijpers, E Karyotaki, M Reijnders, D D Ebert
AIMS: In the 1950s, Eysenck suggested that psychotherapies may not be effective at all. Twenty-five years later, the first meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials showed that the effects of psychotherapies were considerable and that Eysenck was wrong. However, since that time methods have become available to assess biases in meta-analyses. METHODS: We examined the influence of these biases on the effects of psychotherapies for adult depression, including risk of bias, publication bias and the exclusion of waiting list control groups...
February 28, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Tetsu Tomita, Shuhei Kudo, Norio Sugawara, Akira Fujii, Koji Tsuruga, Yasushi Sato, Masamichi Ishioka, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Norio Yasui-Furukori
Background: We analyzed data on the understanding of depression among patients who were prescribed antidepressants to determine when psychoeducation should be provided. Patients and methods: A total of 424 outpatients were enrolled in this study. We used an original self-administered questionnaire consisting of eight categories: (A) depressive symptoms, (B) the course of depression, (C) causes of depression, (D) the treatment plan, (E) the duration of antidepressant use, (F) discontinuation of antidepressants, (G) the side effects of antidepressants, and (H) psychotherapy...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Emma De Luca, Filippo Faccini, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Nino Dazzi
The aim of this article is to present validation data about a self-report rating scale for the assessment of interpersonal guilt according to Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silbershatz, 2005; Weiss, 1993; Weiss, Sampson, & The Mount Zion Psychotherapy Research Group, 1986), the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15s (IGRS-15s). In order to perform the validation of this tool in an Italian sample we have collected a sample of 645 nonclinical subjects. They had to complete the IGRS-15s, the Scale for the Measurement of the Impending Punishment (SMIP; Caprara et al...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Maryam Salmanian, Bagher Ghobari-Bonab, Jafar Bolhari
Objective: Spiritual psychotherapy has been conceptualized in the context of love and belief as principles of existence. Spiritual psychotherapy can provide an opportunity to design programs to treat conduct disorder. The aim of this study was to introduce the Spiritual Psychotherapy Package for Adolescents with Conduct Disorder and execute it as a pilot study. Method: The intervention is a manual-guided program conducted over 14 group sessions, using the perspectives of object relations and attachment approach...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Debra M Glick, Joan M Cook, Jennifer Moye, Anica Pless Kaiser
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may first emerge, reemerge, or worsen as individuals approach end of life and may complicate the dying process. Unfortunately, lack of awareness of the occurrence and/or manifestation of PTSD at end of life can lead to PTSD going unaddressed. Even if PTSD is properly diagnosed, traditional evidence-based trauma-focused treatments may not be feasible or advisable with this group as many patients at end of life often lack the physical and mental stamina to participate in traditional psychotherapy...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Yuval Bloch, Muly Linder, Noa Kalman, May Koubi, Gilad Gal, Uriel Nitsan, Hagai Maoz, Ido Lurie
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing awareness of the importance of patients' subjective evaluations of therapy. Regarding electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), the results are conflicting. We hypothesized that making a comparison between patients' satisfaction with ECT and other forms of psychiatric therapies would capture personal experience as opposed to opinion about the treatment modalities. We compared adult responses to adolescent responses. METHODS: Four unmatched patient groups were recruited (N = 98) and were divided as follows: (a) patients treated with ECT as adolescents (n = 13), (b) patients treated with ECT as adults (n = 25), (c) patients hospitalized as adolescents but not treated with ECT (n = 30), and (d) patients hospitalized as adults but not treated with ECT (n = 30)...
March 2018: Journal of ECT
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