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Group psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345530/who-benefits-from-psychotherapies-for-adult-depression-a-meta-analytic-update-of-the-evidence
#1
Pim Cuijpers, Eirini Karyotaki, Mirjam Reijnders, Marcus J H Huibers
It is not clear whether specific target groups for psychotherapies in adult depression benefit as much from these treatments as other patients. We examined target groups that have been examined in randomized trials, including women, older adults, students, minorities, patients with general medical disorders, and specific types of depression, and we examined where patients were recruited. We conducted subgroup and multivariate metaregression analyses in a sample of 256 trials (with 332 comparisons) comparing psychotherapy with an inactive control condition...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345528/linguistic-analysis-of-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#2
Anke R Sonnenschein, Stefan G Hofmann, Tobias Ziegelmayer, Wolfgang Lutz
We analyzed the verbal behavior of patients with mood or/and anxiety disorders during psychotherapy. Investigating the words people used, we expected differences due to cognitive and emotional foci in patients with depression vs. anxiety. Transcripts of therapy sessions from 85 outpatients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were analyzed using the software program Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Multivariate group comparisons were carried out investigating the LIWC-categories first-person-singular pronouns, sad, anxiety and fillers...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345495/milton-frank-shore-1928-2017
#3
Robert Henley Woody
Presents an obituary for Milton Frank Shore, who passed away on January 6, 2017, due to pneumonia. During a long career, he was a tireless advocate for children, particularly those who were underserved. In addition, he made important contributions as an author, editor, and administrator. He was actively engaged in independent practice at the time of his death. Milt was one of the founders of American Psychological Association (APA) Division 37 (Child, Youth, and Family Services) and served as its president (1978-1979)...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331596/problem-solving-therapy-for-adult-depression-an-updated-meta-analysis
#4
Pim Cuijpers, Leonore de Wit, Annet Kleiboer, Eirini Karyotaki, David D Ebert
BACKGROUND: Problem-solving therapy (PST) is one of the best examined types of psychotherapy for adult depression. No recent meta-analysis has examined the effects of PST compared to control groups or to other treatments. We wanted to verify whether PST is effective, whether effects are comparable to those of other treatments, and whether we could identify the possible sources of high heterogeneity that was found in earlier meta-analyses. METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in bibliographical databases, including PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase and the Cochrane database of randomized trials...
December 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#5
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316946/combined-cognitive-behavioural-and-physiotherapeutic-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-combi-cpps-study-protocol-for-a-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Christian A Brünahl, Susanne G R Klotz, Christoph Dybowski, Björn Riegel, Sonja Gregorzik, Dean A Tripp, Gesche Ketels, Bernd Löwe
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a pain condition perceived in the pelvic area for at least 6 months. While evidence of the aetiology and maintenance of CPPS is still unclear and therapy options are rare, there is preliminary evidence for the efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy and physiotherapy. However, an integrated treatment has not yet been studied. The primary aim of this study is therefore to test the feasibility of combined psychotherapy and physiotherapy for female and male patients with CPPS...
January 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313464/moderators-in-psychotherapy-meta-analysis
#7
Glen I Spielmans, Christoph Flückiger
Psychotherapy meta-analyses sometimes generate heterogeneous results, partially due to key methodological characteristics which vary between studies (e.g., psychotherapy conditions are contrasted with structurally different control conditions). Examining these potential moderator variables can help explain heterogeneous results within and between psychotherapy meta-analyses. The present manuscript provides an overview of moderators that are highly relevant to test the generalizability of effects across psychotherapy trials...
January 9, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307738/adding-hrv-biofeedback-to-psychotherapy-increases-heart-rate-variability-and-improves-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Yoko Tsui Caldwell, Patrick R Steffen
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a significant marker of health outcomes with decreased HRV predicting increased disease risk. HRV is decreased in major depressive disorder (MDD) but existing treatments for depression do not return heart rate variability to normal levels even with successful treatment of depression. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) increases heart rate variability but no studies to date have examined whether combining HRVB with psychotherapy improves outcome in MDD treatment. The present study used a randomized controlled design to compare the effects of HRVB combined with psychotherapy on MDD relative to a psychotherapy treatment as usual group and to a non-depressed control group...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303947/outcomes-of-acute-partial-hospital-treatment-comparison-of-two-programs-and-a-waiting-list-control
#9
Paul B Lieberman, Rendueles Villalba, Samantha G Farris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of acute, very brief partial hospital treatment, and the comparative benefits of different types of partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), this exploratory study examined changes in psychiatric symptoms and elements of cognitive functioning during an acute PHP compared with a waiting list control, and also compared such changes in 2 PHPs that treated similar patient groups but used different treatment approaches. METHODS: Patients were admitted to 2 PHPs, one utilizing cognitive-behavioral therapy and the other interpersonal and existential psychotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300204/the-association-between-the-severity-and-level-of-understanding-of-depression-among-patients-treated-with-antidepressants-a-survey-of-424-outpatients-in-japan
#10
Tetsu Tomita, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Shuhei Kudo, Norio Sugawara, Akira Fujii, Koji Tsuruga, Yasushi Sato, Masamichi Ishioka, Kazuhiko Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the association between the severity and knowledge of depression and attempted to reveal the specific aspects of understanding associated with severity. METHODS: A total of 424 outpatients were enrolled in this study. We used an original self-administered questionnaire: (a) the symptoms of depression, (b) the course of depression, (c) the cause of depression, (d) the treatment plan, (e) the duration of antidepressant use, (f) how to discontinue antidepressant use, (g) the adverse effects of antidepressants, and (h) psychotherapy...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294975/analyze-this-thematic-analysis-hostility-attribution-of-intent-and-interpersonal-perception-bias
#11
Zhana Karadenizova, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Research suggests that aggressive individuals exhibit a strong tendency to attribute hostile intent to the behavior of others when confronted with an ambiguous social situation. The vignettes method has become a standard procedure to assess hostile attributions. Vignettes represent incomplete ambiguous social stories, in which the subjects experience a negative outcome and are asked to attribute intent to the provocateur's action. This article explores the ways in which subjects perceive ambiguous social situations and other people's intentions, their tendency to refer negative outcome to oneself, and the components defining hostility in the interpersonal relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288510/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-nursing-psychotherapeutic-intervention-for-anxiety-on-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#12
Francisco Miguel Correia Sampaio, Odete Araújo, Carlos Sequeira, María Teresa Lluch Canut, Teresa Martins
AIM: To evaluate the short-term efficacy of a psychotherapeutic intervention in nursing on Portuguese adult psychiatric outpatients with the nursing diagnosis "anxiety". BACKGROUND: Several efficacious forms of treatment for anxiety are available, including different forms of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, literature tends to favour findings from studies on the efficacy of psychotherapies and therapies provided by nurses to the detriment of those arising from studies on the efficacy of nursing psychotherapeutic interventions (interventions which are classified, for instance, on Nursing Interventions Classification)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284443/readiness-to-change-and-therapy-outcomes-of-an-innovative-psychotherapy-program-for-surgical-patients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Henning Krampe, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Alexander Krannich, Tatjana Schnell, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278637/medical-education-changes-students-attitudes-on-psychiatry-survey-among-medical-students-in-croatia
#14
Ana Medic Flajsman, Dunja Degmecic, Tamara Pranjkovic, Stanislav Rogulja, Dina Bošnjak, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
In Croatia, psychiatric disorders are the leading group of disorders by days of hospitalization and they are in second place according to the number of hospitalizations in the period of working age. Nevertheless, psychiatry in Croatia, as well as in the world, is one of the least attractive specialties for medical students. In this paper we determined the impact of compulsory education in psychiatry on the attitudes of medical students of the fourth year of the Zagreb school of medicine and Osijek school of medicine...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244629/evolution-shame-and-psychotherapy
#15
Richard Brockman
Medea, the title character in Euripides' play, murdered her two sons in response to her husband Jason's abandonment. If her behavior can be understood, it is best understood in the context of shame. In an evolutionary context, shame is the affective response to the loss of one's place in the group. This response is related to the neurobiology of pain-not the acute pain experienced through the post-central gyrus, but the chronic, lingering pain that is experienced through the insular and cingulate cortices where homeostasis is regulated "from above...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238508/effectiveness-of-teaching-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-locus-of-control-in-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Mohammad Mehrtak, Shahram Habibzadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Abdollah Rjaei-Khiavi
Background: Many of the cognitive behavioral models and therapeutic protocols developed so far for psychological disorders and chronic diseases have proved effective through clinical research. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of teaching cognitive-behavioral techniques on locus of control in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This controlled clinical trial study was conducted in 2015 with 76 patients selected by census and treated with a hemodialysis machine in the dialysis department of Vali-Asr Hospital in the city of Meshkinshahr...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236647/assessing-the-marks-of-change-how-psychotherapy-alters-the-brain-structure-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Falk Mancke, Ruth Schmitt, Dorina Winter, Inga Niedtfeld, Sabine C Herpertz, Christian Schmahl
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that psychotherapy can alter the function of the brain of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, it is not known whether psychotherapy can also modify the brain structure of patients with BPD. METHODS: We used structural MRI data of female patients with BPD before and after participation in 12 weeks of residential dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and compared them to data from female patients with BPD who received treatment as usual (TAU)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236623/group-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act-for-older-veterans-findings-from-a-quality-improvement-project
#18
M Lindsey Jacobs, Katherine Luci, Lauren Hagemann
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to develop, implement, and evaluate a 12-session Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Older Veterans group protocol. METHODS: The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) quality improvement model was the foundational process for this project. Veterans age 55 years and older participated in an ACT for Older Veterans group in an outpatient geropsychology clinic at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Study methods included analysis of participant feedback gathered in a focus group, process measures (i...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224729/different-cognitive-complaint-profiles-in-memory-clinic-and-depressive-patients
#20
Lisa Miebach, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Ingo Frommann, Rachel Buckley, Michael Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are considered early indicators of incipient Alzheimer's disease (AD) but are very common in geriatric patients, especially in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The clinical assessment of cognitive complaints is still poorly operationalized. Recent qualitative research suggests that certain phenomenologic complaint themes may have some specificity for prodromal AD. The aim of the study was to replicate and explore their occurrence in a clinical setting...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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