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Group psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923257/-principles-of-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy
#1
Bernhard Strauß
This paper describes different historical developments of the application of psychodynamic treatments within groups and shows some factors reflecting significant influences on the outcome of group psychotherapy such as the structure of the group or group dynamics. It can be assumed that psychodynamic group therapies are characterized by a specific formal change theory as well as related therapeutic factors. Based upon a manual developed within a Norwegian study, general principles of psychodynamic group psychotherapy, differences between short- and long-term groups and specific interventions are introduced...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923256/-fostering-resilience-while-waiting-for-psychotherapy-evaluation-of-a-group-intervention-in-an-outpatient-care-setting
#2
Philipp Victor, Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki
Background: High untreated prevalence of mental disorders and long waiting lists for psychotherapy at the same time call for innovative intervention concepts. The positive brief intervention "Personal Model of Resilience" 1 is offered as group training and evaluated for the first time in a naturalistic clinical setting. Method: In a pre-post-design data from 84 wait-list patients are analysed via intention-to-treat (n=84) and completer analysis at 6-week-follow-up (n=54). Results: Repeated measures ANOVAs demonstrate significant improvements in psychopathology, incongruence and self-esteem...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#3
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918190/quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-pretreatment-intervention-for-veterans-seeking-psychotherapy
#4
Rebecca Lusk, Mark Lyubkin, Stephen T Chermack, Michelle L Sanborn, Nicholas W Bowersox
Pretreatment interventions have documented efficacy for reducing initial therapy refusal and early therapy departure. However, these interventions have not been well-studied in diagnostically diverse patient populations or within Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings. We designed a manualized 4-session group cognitive-behavioral therapy-based pretreatment intervention (PTI) for a diagnostically diverse population of Veterans referred for psychotherapy in a general mental health clinic (MHC) in a large VA hospital...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914903/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytical-psychotherapy-versus-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-superiority-trial
#5
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments for adolescents with unipolar major depressive disorder are associated with diagnostic remission within 28 weeks in 65-70% of patients. We aimed to assess the medium-term effects and costs of psychological therapies on maintenance of reduced depression symptoms 12 months after treatment. METHODS: We did this multicentre, pragmatic, observer-blind, randomised controlled superiority trial (IMPACT) at 15 National Health Service child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinics in three regions in England...
November 30, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913259/-postoperative-delayed-paradoxical-depression-pdpd-after-uncomplicated-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery
#6
Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Wuyang Yang, Andrew S Luksik, Alejandro Ruiz-Valls, Rafael John Tamargo, Justin Caplan, Rafael J Tamargo
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delayed paradoxical depression (PDPD) is a psychiatric condition described in patients who undergo a major surgery without complications, do not have a history of mood disorders, but nevertheless become clinically depressed. PDPD has been recognized in major surgical interventions such as coronary artery bypass surgery. We sought to determine the incidence and potential factors associated with PDPD after surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: The cohort of 105 patients was derived from a prospective observational dataset of 3788 consecutive cases of intracranial aneurysms accrued from 1991-2015...
November 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912160/successful-group-psychotherapy-of-depression-in-adolescents-alters-fronto-limbic-resting-state-connectivity
#7
J Straub, C D Metzger, P L Plener, M G Koelch, G Groen, B Abler
BACKGROUND: Current resting state imaging findings support suggestions that the neural signature of depression and therefore also its therapy should be conceptualized as a network disorder rather than a dysfunction of specific brain regions. In this study, we compared neural connectivity of adolescent patients with depression (PAT) and matched healthy controls (HC) and analysed pre-to-post changes of seed-based network connectivities in PAT after participation in a cognitive behavioral group psychotherapy (CBT)...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911347/smartphone-applications-for-immersive-virtual-reality-therapy-for-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder
#8
Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
There have been rapid advances in technologies over the past decade and virtual reality technology is an area which is increasingly utilized as a healthcare intervention in many disciplines including that of Medicine, Surgery and Psychiatry. In Psychiatry, most of the current interventions involving the usage of virtual reality technology is limited to its application for anxiety disorders. With the advances in technology, Internet addiction and Internet gaming disorders are increasingly prevalent. To date, these disorders are still being treated using conventional psychotherapy methods such as cognitive behavioural therapy...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894036/efficacy-of-an-adjunctive-brief-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-to-usual-inpatient-treatment-of-depression-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Yves de Roten, Gilles Ambresin, Fabrice Herrera, Sylfa Fassassi, Nicolas Fournier, Martin Preisig, Jean-Nicolas Despland
BACKGROUND: For severe and chronic depression, inpatient treatment may be necessary. Current guidelines recommend combined psychological and pharmacological treatments for moderate to severe depression. Results for positive effects of combined treatment for depressed inpatients are still ambiguous. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of adding an intensive and brief psychodynamic psychotherapy (IBPP) to treatment-as-usual (TAU) for inpatients with DSM-IV major depressive episode...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888965/effects-of-nursing-interventions-on-depression-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Biyun Zhou, Guohong Li, Yuqun Zhang, Zihan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Previous randomized controlled trials have led to conflicting findings regarding the effects of nursing interventions on depression of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to resolve these discrepancies. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of publications using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches without language restrictions. Studies that met the following criteria were included: (1) randomized controlled trials; (2) duration of intervention≥4 weeks; (3) comparative control group; (4) adults with RA; (5) published studies in any language since reception; and (6) psychological symptoms assessed...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883997/cbt4bn-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-online-chat-and-face-to-face-group-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Stephanie C Zerwas, Hunna J Watson, Sara M Hofmeier, Michele D Levine, Robert M Hamer, Ross D Crosby, Cristin D Runfola, Christine M Peat, Jennifer R Shapiro, Benjamin Zimmer, Markus Moessner, Hans Kordy, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) represents the first-line evidence-based psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa (BN), most individuals seeking treatment do not have access to this specialized intervention. We compared an Internet-based manualized version of CBT group therapy for BN conducted via a therapeutic chat group (CBT4BN) to the same treatment conducted via a traditional face-to-face group therapy (CBTF2F). METHOD: In a two-site, randomized, controlled noninferiority trial, we tested the hypothesis that CBT4BN would not be inferior to CBTF2F...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871030/the-impact-of-gender-on-treatment-effectiveness-of-body-psychotherapy-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-ness-trial-data
#13
Mark Savill, Stavros Orfanos, Richard Bentall, Ulrich Reininghaus, Til Wykes, Stefan Priebe
Despite promising findings from small-scale studies suggesting that body psychotherapy may be an effective treatment for negative symptoms, these results were not replicated in a recent multisite trial. In this trial a far smaller proportion of women were recruited relative to earlier studies, which may be an issue given the gender mix of the sample evaluated has been found to affect trial outcomes in schizophrenia. Using data from our multisite trial, the interaction between gender and treatment allocation as a predictor of outcomes was examined in 275 participants (72 women and 203 men) randomised to either a body psychotherapy or Pilates group...
November 14, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870997/comparative-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-for-improving-mental-health-and-daily-functioning-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Alexandra C Russell, Steven D Hollon, Lynn S Walker
Previous meta-analyses have shown that psychotherapy improves gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the impact on functioning in daily activities is unknown. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the effect of psychotherapy on mental health and daily functioning in adults with IBS. An extensive literature search located 28 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) providing outcome data for mental health and 18 RCTs providing data for daily functioning. Compared to a mixed group of control conditions, psychotherapy produced significantly greater improvements to mental health (d-=0...
November 8, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857509/preventing-adolescent-social-anxiety-and-depression-and-reducing-peer-victimization-intervention-development-and-open-trial
#15
Annette M La Greca, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Laura Mufson, Sherilynn Chan
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depression are common among adolescents, frequently comorbid, and resistant to change. Prevention programs for adolescent SAD are scant, and depression prevention programs do not fully address peer-risk factors. One critical peer-risk factor for SAD and depression is peer victimization. We describe the development and initial evaluation of a transdiagnostic school-based preventive intervention for adolescents with elevated symptoms of social anxiety and/or depression and elevated peer victimization...
December 2016: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851795/health-related-quality-of-life-for-children-and-adolescents-with-specific-language-impairment-a-cohort-study-by-a-learning-disabilities-reference-center
#16
Gaëlle Hubert-Dibon, Marie Bru, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Elise Launay, Arnaud Roy
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with specific language impairment (SLI). STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective sample at a Learning Disabilities Reference Center, proxy-rated HRQOL (KIDSCREEN-27) was assessed for children with SLI and unaffected children from January 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015. Quality of life predictors for children with SLI were evaluated by recording the length and number of speech therapy and psychotherapy sessions and the specific school organization that the children had participated in...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847928/the-significance-of-the-personality-traits-of-schizophrenic-patients-and-their-therapists-for-the-therapeutic-relationship
#17
Anna Bielańska, Andrzej Cechnicki, Igor Hanuszkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To analyse: 1) the associations between the therapists' and patients' assessments of the relationship, 2) the relationship between the personality traits of the therapists the personality traits of the patients and their assessments of the relationship, 3) the relationship between age, sex and the personality traits of both groups and their assessment of the relationship. METHODS: 34 patients in long-term psychotherapy and their 11 therapists were investigated...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843054/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-and-nonrandomized-trials-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#18
Jerrod A Nelms, Liana Castel
BACKGROUND: Among a group of therapies collectively known as energy psychology (EP), emotional freedom techniques (EFT) is the most widely practiced. Clinical EFT is an evidence-based practice combining elements of cognitive and exposure therapies with the manual stimulation of acupuncture points (acupoints). Lacking is a recent quantitative meta-analysis that enhances understanding of the variability and clinical significance of outcomes after clinical EFT treatment in reducing depression...
November 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842470/effectiveness-of-collaborative-care-for-depression-in-public-sector-primary-care-clinics-serving-latinos
#19
Isabel T Lagomasino, Megan Dwight-Johnson, Jennifer M Green, Lingqi Tang, Lily Zhang, Naihua Duan, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement interventions for depression care have been shown to be effective for improving quality of care and depression outcomes in settings with primarily insured patients. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a collaborative care intervention for depression that was tailored for low-income Latino patients seen in public-sector clinics. METHODS: A total of 400 depressed patients from three public-sector primary care clinics were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of a tailored collaborative care intervention versus enhanced usual care...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835713/psychotherapy-for-depression-in-older-veterans-via-telemedicine-effect-on-quality-of-life-satisfaction-treatment-credibility-and-service-delivery-perception
#20
Leonard E Egede, Ron Acierno, Rebecca G Knapp, Rebekah J Walker, Elizabeth H Payne, B Christopher Frueh
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of telepsychology and same-room care on functioning, satisfaction, and perception of care based on a noninferiority trial of psychotherapy delivered via telemedicine or same-room care to elderly patients with depression. METHODS: 241 elderly patients with depression (meeting DSM-IV diagnostic criteria) were randomly assigned to either telemedicine (n = 120) or same-room treatment (n = 121) between April 1, 2007, and July 31, 2011...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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