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Perinatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457498/factors-associated-with-maternal-depression-in-the-maldives-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454664/survey-of-midwives-perinatal-mental-health-knowledge-confidence-attitudes-and-learning-needs
#2
Maria Noonan, Julie Jomeen, Rose Galvin, Owen Doody
BACKGROUND: Midwives have a primary role in facilitating the first stage of perinatal mental health risk reduction through inquiring about perinatal mental health, identifying risk factors and current perinatal mental health problems, providing support or crisis intervention, referring for treatment and decreasing stigmatisation. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine midwives' (a) knowledge of and confidence to identify and manage perinatal mental health problems, (b) attitudes towards women who experience severe mental illness and (c) perceived learning needs...
February 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451831/high-dose-perinatal-folic-acid-supplementation-alters-insulin-sensitivity-in-sprague-dawley-rats-and-diminishes-the-expression-of-adiponectin
#3
Ayodele Olufemi Morakinyo, Titilola Aderonke Samuel, Funmileyi Olubajo Awobajo, Gabriel Olorunleke Oludare, Adekunle Mofolorunso
The possible intake of folate in excess of the recommended upper levels is a matter of critical importance. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of prenatal and postnatal high folic acid supplementation (FAS) on glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, lipid metabolism, and expression of adiponectin in rats. The study included 20 female rats divided into two groups: control group and FAS group (receiving high folic acid supplemented diet). Both groups of female rats were mated and pregnancy confirmed...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445850/factors-associated-with-household-food-insecurity-and-depression-in-pregnant-south-african-women-from-a-low-socio-economic-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Zulfa Abrahams, Crick Lund, Sally Field, Simone Honikman
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been linked with maternal depression in low-income settings. Few studies have looked at factors associated with both food insecurity and maternal depression as outcomes. This study aimed to assess factors associated with food insecurity and depression in a sample of pregnant South African women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a Midwife Obstetric Unit in a low-income suburb in Cape Town. Pregnant women attending the clinic for their first antenatal visit were invited to participate...
February 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439944/digital-peer-support-platform-7cups-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-women-with-postpartum-depression-feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-study
#5
Amit Baumel, Amanda Tinkelman, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: Peer support is considered to be an important framework of support for mothers experiencing postpartum depression (PPD); however, some barriers exist that may limit its use including peer availability and mothers' lack of time due to child care. OBJECTIVE: This non-randomized study was designed to examine the feasibility, acceptance, and preliminary clinical outcomes of using 7 Cups of Tea (7Cups), a digital platform that delivers self-help tools and 24/7 emotional support delivered by trained volunteers, as an adjunct treatment for mothers diagnosed with PPD...
February 13, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429427/moving-beyond-depression-screening-integrating-perinatal-depression-treatment-into-ob-gyn-practices
#6
Christina Terrazas, Lisa S Segre, Cheryl Wolfe
In 2015, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued a recommendation to screen women for depression and anxiety symptoms at least once during the perinatal period. Nevertheless, many identified women will not receive care from a behavioral health specialist. Listening Visits (LV), developed for delivery by nurses and validated in the United Kingdom, have recently been evaluated in a US-based randomized controlled trial (RCT) which recruited research participants from three home-visiting programs and an urban OB/GYN practice...
February 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428881/childhood-adversity-increases-the-risk-of-onward-transmission-from-perinatal-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-youth-in-south-africa
#7
Rachel Kidman, Sharon Nachman, Janan Dietrich, Afaaf Liberty, Avy Violari
Repeated exposure to childhood adversity (abuse, neglect and other traumas experienced before age 18) can have lifelong impacts on health. For HIV-infected adolescents and youth, such impacts may include onward transmission of HIV. To evaluate this possibility, the current study measured the burden of childhood adversity and its influence on risky health behaviors among perinatally-infected adolescents and youth. We surveyed 250 perinatally-infected adolescents and youth (13-24 years) receiving care in Soweto, South Africa...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426579/duration-of-breastfeeding-and-subsequent-adolescent-obesity-effects-of-maternal-behavior-and-socioeconomic-status
#8
Michelle L Byrne, Orli S Schwartz, Julian G Simmons, Lisa Sheeber, Sarah Whittle, Nicholas B Allen
PURPOSE: Previous research has shown that longer duration of breastfeeding is associated with less risk of obesity in childhood and adolescence. However, although putative physiological mechanisms have been proposed, less work has focused on psychosocial or environmental factors, including socioeconomic status (SES) and stressful family environments. METHODS: The current study examined the role of observed maternal emotional behavior and SES (parental education) in the association between duration of breastfeeding and adolescent body mass index (BMI)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420535/sociodemographic-obstetric-characteristics-antenatal-morbidities-and-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-a-three-wave-prospective-study
#9
Ying Lau, Tha Pyai Htun, Ho Keung Dennis Kwong
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to investigate the pattern of perinatal depressive symptoms, and (2) to determine the relationships between sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric factors, antenatal morbidities, postnatal conditions, and perinatal depressive symptoms using a structural equation model (SEM). METHOD: A three-wave prospective longitudinal design was used for 361 women in their second trimester, third trimester, and at six weeks postpartum. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to assess the depressive symptoms...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415710/maternal-mental-health-priorities-help-seeking-behaviors-and-resources-in-post-conflict-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-eastern-uganda
#10
Wietse A Tol, BreeOna Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda. METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health specialists (n = 9)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410387/text-based-program-addressing-the-mental-health-of-soon-to-be-and-new-fathers-sms4dads-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Richard Fletcher, Chris May, John Attia, Craig Franklin Garfield, Geoff Skinner
BACKGROUND: Recent estimates indicating that approximately 10% of fathers experience Paternal Perinatal Depression (PPND) and the increasing evidence of the impact of PPND on child development suggest that identifying and assisting distressed fathers is justified on public health grounds. However, addressing new fathers' mental health needs requires overcoming men's infrequent contact with perinatal health services and their reluctance to seek help. Text-based interventions delivering information and support have the potential to reach such groups in order to reduce the impact of paternal perinatal distress and to improve the wellbeing of their children...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406288/emotional-effect-of-the-loss-of-one-or-both-fetuses-in-a-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy
#12
Mònica Druguet, Laura Nuño, Carlota Rodó, Silvia Arévalo, Elena Carreras, Juana Gómez-Benito
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychological effect on women of the loss of one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy and to identify associated protective and risk factors. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational study. SETTING: Maternity unit of the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital in Barcelona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight White Spanish women who lost one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406287/predicting-need-for-follow-up-due-to-severe-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-after-perinatal-loss
#13
Marianne H Hutti, John A Myers, Lynne A Hall, Barbara J Polivka, Susan White, Janice Hill, Meredith Grisanti, Jaclyn Hayden, Elizabeth Kloenne
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of the Perinatal Grief Intensity Scale (PGIS) when used within 8 weeks of perinatal loss to predict intense anxiety and severe depression symptoms in women 3 months later (Time 2 [T2]). DESIGN: Prospective survey. SETTING: Participants were recruited from hospitals in Louisville, KY and via the Internet. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 103) who experienced perinatal loss. METHODS: Data were collected using the PGIS, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397484/higher-birthweight-and-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi-persist-with-obesity-association-at-age-9-in-high-risk-latino-children
#14
Thora Wesenberg Kjaer, Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen, Rosalinda Medrano, Deena Elwan, Kala Mehta, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Janet M Wojcicki
Childhood obesity is increasing especially in Latinos and early intervention is essential to prevent later obesity complications. Latino children (n = 201) recruited at two San Francisco hospitals were assessed at birth including infant anthropometrics and feeding practices and followed to age 9 with annual anthropometric assessments. We evaluated the relationship between perinatal risk factors and obesity at age 9 and chronic obesity (obesity at both 5 and 9 years). Higher birthweight [odds ratio (OR) 2...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373262/a-longitudinal-study-of-perinatal-depression-among-chinese-high-risk-pregnant-women
#15
Ying Zhao, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Shenxun Shi, Jing Wang, Xinli Zhu
BACKGROUND: Information is needed on the prevalence of depression in Chinese women with medically defined complications across the perinatal period, as well as key risk factors to develop appropriate perinatal mental health services and ensure the services target those most in need. AIM: The goal of this study was to examine whether women's perinatal depression scores change across the perinatal period and evaluate risk factors associated with postnatal depression at 6-weeks after delivery...
January 17, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370547/depressive-symptoms-and-influencing-factors-in-low-risk-mothers
#16
Susan Liipfert Shelton, Eileen Cormier
INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms burden not only postpartum women, but can also compromise partner relationships and mother-infant interactions. With approximately 15% of women affected by perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) each year, maternity care providers must be sensitive to personal characteristics and complaints that influence women's potential to develop postpartum depression (PPD). The purpose of the study was to identify personal characteristics and modifiable factors associated with depressive symptoms in low-risk postpartum women...
January 25, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369067/evidence-establishing-a-link-between-prenatal-and-early-life-stress-and-asthma-development
#17
Maria José Rosa, Alison G Lee, Rosalind J Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an update on our evolving understanding of the effects of stress in pregnancy and during early development on the onset of asthma-related phenotypes across childhood, adolescence, and into early adulthood. RECENT FINDINGS: Accumulating evidence over the past 2 decades has established that prenatal and early-life psychological stress and stress correlates (e.g., maternal anxiety or depression) increase the risk for childhood respiratory disorders...
January 23, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363374/mood-state-at-the-beginning-of-the-pregnancy-and-its-influence-on-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes
#18
Ernesto S González-Mesa, M Luisa Arroyo-González, Nadia Ibrahim-Díez, Olga Cazorla-Granados
AIM: We designed this study to ascertain the prevalence of depressive disorders and anxiety at the beginning of the pregnancy, studying possible associated factors and assessing the influence of mood disorders on perinatal outcomes. METHODS: A representative sample of 191 pregnant women at first trimester of their pregnancies completed a questionnaire that included the Whooley´s questions, the Spanish version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and a series of questions related to health status, general mood and sociodemographic variables...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357918/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-icbt-for-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression-versus-treatment-as-usual-study-protocol-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
Siobhan A Loughnan, Jill M Newby, Hila Haskelberg, Alison Mahoney, Natalie Kladnitski, Jessica Smith, Emma Black, Christopher Holt, Jeannette Milgrom, Marie-Paule Austin, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the acceptability and efficacy of two brief, Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy interventions-MUMentum Pregnancy (study 1) and MUMentum Postnatal (study 2)-in reducing maternal symptoms of anxiety, depression and overall psychological distress compared to usual care in the perinatal period. METHODS/DESIGN: Women who are pregnant (study 1) or < 12 months postpartum (study 2) with current clinically elevated symptoms of anxiety and/or depression according to validated self-report measures, will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical and research unit in Australia and randomised to the intervention group or treatment as usual control group...
January 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#20
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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