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Perinatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223209/nurse-led-initiatives-to-implement-universal-screening-for-perinatal-emotional-complications
#1
Marissa Tenenbaum Potter
Perinatal emotional complications are the most common pregnancy complications in the United States. This article reviews three recent studies that illustrate the prevalence of and risk factors for perinatal emotional complications and sheds light on the inconsistency of screening by health care providers in acute care and outpatient settings. Also presented is an example of nurse-led quality improvement initiatives aimed at implementing universal screening in a rural New England county, which resulted in 100% screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale across health care facilities within the community, as well as a system-wide change in the approach to identifying and treating perinatal emotional complications...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#2
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215162/delineating-the-association-between-mode-of-delivery-and-postpartum-depression-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Patricia Eckerdal, Marios K Georgakis, Natasa Kollia, Anna-Karin Wikström, Ulf Högberg, Alkistis Skalkidou
INTRODUCTION: Although a number of perinatal factors have been implied in the etiology of postpartum depression (PPD), the role of mode of delivery remains controversial. Our aim was to explore the association between mode of delivery and PPD, considering the potentially mediating or confounding role of several covariates MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a longitudinal-cohort study in Uppsala, Sweden, with 3888 unique pregnancies followed-up postpartum, the effect of mode of delivery (spontaneous vaginal delivery, vacuum extraction, elective cesarean section, emergency cesarean section) on self-reported PPD symptoms (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ≥12) at six weeks postpartum was investigated through logistic regression models and path analysis RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PPD was 13%...
December 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#4
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202924/mental-health-consultations-in-the-perinatal-period-a-cost-analysis-of-medicare-services-provided-to-women-during-a-period-of-intense-mental-health-reform-in-australia
#5
Georgina M Chambers, Sean Randall, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Nicole Reilly, Elizabeth A Sullivan, Nicole Highet, Vera A Morgan, Maxine L Croft, Mary Lou Chatterton, Marie-Paule Austin
Objective To quantify total provider fees, benefits paid by the Australian Government and out-of-pocket patients' costs of mental health Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) consultations provided to women in the perinatal period (pregnancy to end of the first postnatal year).Method A retrospective study of MBS utilisation and costs (in 2011-12 A$) for women giving birth between 2006 and 2010 by state, provider-type, and geographic remoteness was undertaken.Results The cost of mental health consultations during the perinatal period was A$17...
December 5, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201244/mindfulness-based-interventions-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Anjulie Dhillon, Elizabeth Sparkes, Rui V Duarte
This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to appraise the current literature on the subject area. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were agreed and after reviewing titles, abstracts and full papers, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The quality of included articles was checked using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198412/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-perinatal-mental-disorders-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature-1990-2017
#7
REVIEW
Nafisa Halim, Jennifer Beard, Aldina Mesic, Archana Patel, David Henderson, Patricia Hibberd
Mental health consequences of intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant and postpartum women are poorly understood in low and lower-middle-income countries (LLMIC). We systematically reviewed the evidence from 24 studies (1990-2017) selected via a comprehensive search strategy with 14 inclusion, exclusion, and quality-control criteria to assess the extent to which intimate partner violence during pregnancy adversely affects perinatal mental disorders among participants in 10 LLMIC across 4 economic regions...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184738/nasal-duplication-combined-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-surgical-correction-and-long-term-follow-up
#8
Kanharith Long, Kazuaki Yamaguchi, Daniel Lonic, Vanna Long, Vuthy Chhoeurn, Lun-Jou Lo
Background: Diprosopus dirrhinus, or nasal duplication, is a rare entity of partial craniofacial duplication. Methods: The case we present is the first report of diprosopus dirrhinus associated with complete cleft lip and palate. The baby was born in Cambodia at full term by normal vaginal delivery with no significant perinatal and family history. Physical examination revealed significant facial deformity due to the duplicated nose and the left complete cleft lip/palate on the right subset...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172883/prevalence-correlates-of-chronic-perinatal-pain-a-study-from-india
#9
Geetha Desai, G Sunil Kumar, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K V Beena, K Thennarasu, T S Jaisoorya
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of chronic perinatal pain among mothers who had infants between the ages of 13-25 months in the State of Kerala, India and to report its correlates in the socio-demographic, obstetric and psychological domains. METHODS: A total of 9305 mothers selected by cluster random sampling were assessed cross-sectionally for chronic perinatal pain using a questionnaire by Junior Public Health Nurses (JPHNs). In addition, information regarding socio-demographic profile, obstetric history, infant details and perinatal depression were collected...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146408/paroxetine-blunts-the-corticosterone-response-to-swim-induced-stress-and-increases-depressive-like-behavior-in-a-rat-model-of-postpartum-depression
#10
Agnete Overgaard, Stephanie E Lieblich, Robin Richardson, Liisa A M Galea, Vibe G Frokjaer
Perinatal depression (PND) affects 15% of women. During the perinatal period both stress- and gonadal hormones fluctuate widely. Putatively, these fluctuations are involved in PND disease mechanisms. The serotonin system is sensitive to such hormone fluctuations, and serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to treat PND, although treatment is suboptimal and it is not known at which peripartum time-point SSRI treatment may be most efficacious. In this study, we investigate the effect of the SSRI paroxetine (5mg/kgs...
October 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144190/factors-associated-with-paternal-perinatal-depression-in-fathers-of-newborns-in-nigeria
#11
Olatunde Ayinde, Victor O Lasebikan
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on paternal postnatal depression in developing countries such as Nigeria. METHODS: This study aims to assess the prevalence of depression in fathers at the birth of their infants and the incidence of paternal postnatal depression at 6 weeks postpartum. We also examined the correlation between paternal postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 weeks and maternal PPD as well as the sociodemographic and other correlates of paternal PPD at 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143635/a-systematic-review-of-concepts-related-to-women-s-empowerment-in-the-perinatal-period-and-their-associations-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-premature-birth
#12
Esmeralda R Garcia, Ilona S Yim
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period, which we here define as pregnancy and the first year postpartum, is a time in women's lives that involves significant physiological and psychosocial change and adjustment, including changes in their social status and decision-making power. Supporting women's empowerment at this particular time in their lives may be an attractive opportunity to create benefits for maternal and infant health outcomes such as reductions in perinatal depressive symptoms and premature birth rates...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143536/time-for-a-new-zeitgeist-in-perinatal-mental-health
#13
Fiona Judd, Louise Kathryn Newman, Angela A Komiti
Perinatal depression, and to a lesser extent anxiety, has been the focus of interest for perinatal psychiatrists for several decades. Policy and substantial funding has supported this. We argue that it is now time to change this focus and to invest greater funding to support clinical and research effort in 'high-risk' caregivers and their infants. We define high-risk caregivers as those who are likely to have attachment and relationship difficulties with their infant as a result of their own developmental experiences, personality difficulties and/or trauma-related mental disorders, often complicated by substance abuse, depression and anxiety...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138195/current-status-of-postnatal-depression-smartphone-applications-available-on-application-stores-an-information-quality-analysis
#14
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho, Alvona Loh, Tracey Wing, Olivia Wynne, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Josip Car, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of the current research to identify some common functionalities of postnatal application, and to determine the quality of the information content of postnatal depression application using validated scales that have been applied for applications in other specialties. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: To determine the information quality of the postnatal depression smartphone applications, the two most widely used smartphone application stores, namely Apple iTunes as well as Google Android Play store, were searched between 20May and 31 May...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127891/elevated-maternal-anxiety-in-the-nicu-predicts-worse-fine-motor-outcome-in-vlbw-infants
#16
Michelle M Greene, Beverly Rossman, Paula Meier, Kousiki Patra
AIM: The literature is sparse with respect to the impact of elevated maternal psychological distress in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on later neurodevelopmental outcome in VLBW infants. The objective of this study is to examine the impact of elevated maternal distress, defined as elevated depression, anxiety and perinatal-specific post-traumatic stress, during the NICU hospitalization on VLBW infant ND outcome at 20months corrected age (CA). METHODS: This was a prospective study of 69 mothers and their VLBW infants recruited in 2011-2012...
November 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125223/perinatal-nutrition-interacts-with-genetic-background-to-alter-behavior-in-a-parent-of-origin-dependent-manner-in-adult-collaborative-cross-mice
#17
S A Schoenrock, D Oreper, J Farrington, R C McMullan, R Ervin, D R Miller, F Pardo-Manuel de Villena, W Valdar, L M Tarantino
Previous studies in animal models and humans have shown that exposure to nutritional deficiencies in the perinatal period increases the risk of psychiatric disease. Less well understood is how such effects are modulated by the combination of genetic background and parent-of-origin. To explore this, we exposed female mice from 20 Collaborative Cross (CC) strains to either protein deficient, vitamin D deficient, methyl donor enriched or standard diet during the perinatal period. These CC females were then crossed to a male from a different CC strain to produce reciprocal F1 hybrid females comprising 10 distinct genetic backgrounds...
November 10, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124972/perinatal-and-familial-risk-factors-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-a-swedish-national-cohort
#18
Rasmus Waehrens, Xinjun Li, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist, Bengt Zöller
OBJECTIVE: Studies of the importance of perinatal factors for the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are sparse. We conducted a large national cohort study to examine perinatal and familial risk factors for IBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A national cohort of 1,963,685 persons who were born in Sweden in 1973-1992 (identified from the Swedish Birth Registry) were followed up for adult (18 years and older) IBS incidence in the Swedish Patient Register through 2010 (maximum age 38 years)...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122228/-depressive-symptoms-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-high-complexity-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-a-critical-care-obstetric-unit-in-cali-colombia
#19
Ana María Guerra, Diana María Dávalos Pérez, Alejandro Castillo Martínez
Depression is the main cause of years lossed due to disability in the world, and it affects 50% more women 50% than men. Perinatal depression has been linked with more anxiety, a chronic course, and disability than depression in other life stages. In spite of its high prevalence and serious health effects on both mother and foetus, it is frequently under-diagnosed. This study was performed on all high risk obstetric patients admitted to a critical care obstetric unit in Cali, Colombia, from January to June, 2014...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110970/perinatal-weight-and-risk-of-prenatal-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#20
Karen A Ertel, Tianyi Huang, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ken Kleinman, Janet Rich-Edwards, Emily Oken, Tamarra James-Todd
PURPOSE: Prepregnancy obesity and weight changes accompanying pregnancy (gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention) may be associated with risk of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and in the postpartum. The few studies that have examined these relationships report conflicting findings. METHODS: We studied pregnant (n = 2112) and postpartum (n = 1686) women enrolled in Project Viva. We used self-reported prepregnancy and postpartum weight and measured prenatal weight to calculate prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpartum weight retention at 6 months after birth...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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