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Post natal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208865/assessment-of-postnatal-depression-by-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-bangladesh
#1
T Parveen, S Akhter, H H Parveen, F Noor, R K Kazal
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of post partum depression and its associated risk factors among the mothers in their immediate post natal period. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and a tertiary care centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to December 2015. Total 145 post natal mothers were screened for postnatal depression from day 5-7 following caesarean section by the validated Bangla version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201244/mindfulness-based-interventions-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Anjulie Dhillon, Elizabeth Sparkes, Rui V Duarte
This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to appraise the current literature on the subject area. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were agreed and after reviewing titles, abstracts and full papers, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The quality of included articles was checked using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197507/association-between-a-functional-interleukin-6-receptor-genetic-variant-and-risk-of-depression-and-psychosis-in-a-population-based-birth-cohort
#3
Golam M Khandaker, Stanley Zammit, Stephen Burgess, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels are commonly elevated in patients with depression and psychosis and in people who are at risk of developing these disorders. A common, functional variant in the IL6R gene (IL6R Asp358Ala; rs2228145 A>C) is known to dampen down inflammation by impairing IL6R signaling. We have examined the association of Asp358Ala with diagnosis of depression and psychosis, serum IL-6, CRP levels, and a number of risk factors commonly linked with inflammation, depression or psychosis...
November 29, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168241/can-a-child-and-family-health-service-improve-early-childhood-health-outcomes-in-an-urban-aboriginal-community
#4
Jessica Freeman, Elisabeth Murphy, Susan Woolfenden, Edward Waters, Jennifer Winters, Lola Callaghan, Karen Zwi
AIMS: To describe the engagement of a cohort of urban Aboriginal families with an Early Childhood Health Service, and to assess any association of engagement with the service with screening by the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS), full breastfeeding rates and post-natal smoking status. METHODS: Routine electronic medical record data collected by a Child and Family Health Nurse between 2011 and 2014 was analysed retrospectively. Associations between use of the service and acceptance of EPDS, breastfeeding rates and post-natal smoking status were determined using binary and multinomial multiple logistic regression analyses...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094777/the-pregnancy-related-beliefs-questionnaire-prbq-an-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-in-perinatal-samples
#5
Dawn M Leach, Philip Terry, Ana V Nikčević
BACKGROUND: Identifying vulnerability to perinatal depression is an important public health issue. Risk factors include general and maternal-specific dysfunctional attitudes. Scales of maternal attitudes have a number of shortcomings. Further, it is not known whether antenatal maternal attitudes predict post-natal depression, independently of general dysfunctional attitudes (GDA). The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Related Beliefs Questionnaire (PRBQ) and to establish, prospectively, the utility of the revised PRBQ in predicting the symptoms of post-natal depression...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094774/perinatal-maternal-depressive-symptoms-alter-amygdala-functional-connectivity-in-girls
#6
Ni Ni Soe, Daniel J Wen, Joann S Poh, Yap-Seng Chong, Birit Fp Broekman, Helen Chen, Lynette P Shek, Kok Hian Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Marielle V Fortier, Michael J Meaney, Anqi Qiu
Perinatal maternal depressive symptoms influence brain development of offspring. Such effects are particularly notable in the amygdala, a key structure involved in emotional processes. This study investigated whether the functional organization of the amygdala varies as a function of pre- and postnatal maternal depressive symptoms. The amygdala functional network was assessed using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) in 128 children at age of 4.4 to 4.8 years. Maternal depressive symptoms were obtained at 26 weeks of gestation, 3 months, 1, 2, 3, and 4...
November 2, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074097/behavioral-effects-of-early-life-maternal-trauma-witness-in-rats
#7
Hesong Liu, Gaurav Patki, Ankita Salvi, Matthew Kelly, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Earlier, we have reported that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like behaviors developed in rats that witnessed their cage mates undergo repeated traumatic stress. More recently, we published that early life physical traumatic stress leads to later life depression-like behaviors in rats. Whether early life trauma witness causes later life PTSD-like behaviors is not known. Also unclear are sex-specific stress-induced behavioral variations in later life. The early life witness component of stress is an important aspect of stress-induced psychopathologies and must be investigated...
October 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867654/preterm-behavioral-epigenetics-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Livio Provenzi, Elena Guida, Rosario Montirosso
Behavioral epigenetics is revealing new pathways that lead individuals from early adversity exposures to later-in-life detrimental outcomes. Preterm birth constitutes one of the major adverse events in human development. Preterm infants are hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) where they are exposed to life-saving yet pain-inducing procedures and to protective care. The application of behavioral epigenetics to the field of preterm studies (i.e., Preterm Behavioral Epigenetics, PBE) is rapidly growing and holds promises to provide valid insights for research and clinical activity...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839296/frequency-of-postpartum-depression-and-its-association-with-breastfeeding-a-cross-sectional-survey-at-immunization-clinics-in-islamabad-pakistan
#9
Sadia Shah, Bernie Lonergan
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the point frequency of post-partum depression among mothers. METHODS: This cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted at the immunisation clinics of General Hospital, Islamabad, and Tehsil Headquarters Hospital, Kahuta, Pakistan, in November 2015, and comprised women aged 18-44 years. Primary data collection was done through Edinburgh post-natal depression scale questionnaire. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: There were 434 participants in the study...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811198/house-sparrows-mitigate-growth-effects-of-post-natal-glucocorticoid-exposure-at-the-expense-of-longevity
#10
Jacquelyn K Grace, Louise Froud, Alizée Meillère, Frédéric Angelier
Acute, short-term effects of early-life stress and associated glucocorticoid upregulation on physiology and survival are widely documented across vertebrates. However, the persistence and severity of these effects are largely unknown, especially through the adult stage and for natural systems. Here, we investigate physiological, morphological, and survival effects of post-natal glucocorticoid upregulation across the nestling, juvenile, and adult life stages in house sparrows (Passer domesticus). We manipulate circulating corticosterone concentration in wild, free-living house sparrow nestlings and monitor body size, size-corrected mass, two measures of health (hematocrit and phytohemagglutinin-induced skin swelling), and survival in a captive environment until adulthood...
August 12, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#11
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777971/vegetarian-diets-and-depressive-symptoms-among-men
#12
Joseph R Hibbeln, Kate Northstone, Jonathan Evans, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks. AIMS: To determine whether self-identification of vegetarian dietary habits is associated with significant depressive symptoms in men. METHOD: Self-report data from 9668 adult male partners of pregnant women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) included identification as vegetarian or vegan, dietary frequency data and the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675061/postnatal-depression-maternal-infant-bonding-and-social-support-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-nigerian-and-british-mothers
#13
Oladayo Afolabi, Louise Bunce, Joanne Lusher, Samantha Banbury
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of Post-Natal Depression (PND) in low and lower-middle income countries of Africa raises questions about the functionality of the abundant informal support accessed in the enmeshed family structure. This study examined the interaction between social support, parity and culture in the development of PND and maternal-infant bonding (MIB) among Nigerian, British and Nigerian Immigrant mothers in the UK. METHODS: Participants (N = 124) were recruited from the UK and Nigeria via local support groups for mothers, websites offering motherhood-related content and social media...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666895/the-microbiome-and-disorders-of-the-central-nervous-system
#14
Valeria D Felice, Siobhain M O'Mahony
Alterations of the gut microbiota have been associated with stress-related disorders including depression and anxiety and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). More recently, researchers have started investigating the implication of perturbation of the microbiota composition in neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorders and Attention-Deficit Hypersensitivity Disorder (ADHD). In this review we will discuss how the microbiota is established and its functions in maintaining health. We also summarize both pre and post-natal factors that shape the developing neonatal microbiota and how they may impact on health outcomes with relevance to disorders of the central nervous system...
September 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654017/does-vitamin-c-influence-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-psychiatric-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Joanna Kocot, Dorota Luchowska-Kocot, Małgorzata Kiełczykowska, Irena Musik, Jacek Kurzepa
Vitamin C (Vit C) is considered to be a vital antioxidant molecule in the brain. Intracellular Vit C helps maintain integrity and function of several processes in the central nervous system (CNS), including neuronal maturation and differentiation, myelin formation, synthesis of catecholamine, modulation of neurotransmission and antioxidant protection. The importance of Vit C for CNS function has been proven by the fact that targeted deletion of the sodium-vitamin C co-transporter in mice results in widespread cerebral hemorrhage and death on post-natal day one...
June 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600701/the-impact-of-exposure-to-antidepressant-medications-during-pregnancy-on-neonatal-outcomes-a-review-of-retrospective-database-cohort-studies
#16
REVIEW
Casey R Tak, Kathleen M Job, Katie Schoen-Gentry, Sarah C Campbell, Patrick Carroll, Maged Costantine, Diana Brixner, Angela K Birnbaum, Catherine M T Sherwin
INTRODUCTION: Concerns with prescription antidepressant use in pregnant women have instigated the examination of potential associations between fetal exposure to antidepressant medication and outcomes including preterm delivery, congenital malformations, perinatal and post-natal adverse events, persistent pulmonary hypertension, and mortality. The retrospective cohort model is an often utilized study design. The objective of this review is to evaluate the literature on antidepressant use in pregnancy conducted as retrospective cohorts in national/regional medical, or claims databases that assess neonatal and infant outcomes for agreement between studies, ultimately providing a methodological and outcomes summary for future scientific endeavors...
September 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588541/parenting-stress-mental-health-dyadic-adjustment-a-structural-equation-model
#17
Luca Rollè, Laura E Prino, Cristina Sechi, Laura Vismara, Erica Neri, Concetta Polizzi, Annamaria Trovato, Barbara Volpi, Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Elena Ierardi, Valentino Ferro, Loredana Lucarelli, Francesca Agostini, Renata Tambelli, Emanuela Saita, Cristina Riva Crugnola, Piera Brustia
Objective: In the 1st year of the post-partum period, parenting stress, mental health, and dyadic adjustment are important for the wellbeing of both parents and the child. However, there are few studies that analyze the relationship among these three dimensions. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between parenting stress, mental health (depressive and anxiety symptoms), and dyadic adjustment among first-time parents. Method: We studied 268 parents (134 couples) of healthy babies. At 12 months post-partum, both parents filled out, in a counterbalanced order, the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, the Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570858/chronological-narratives-from-smoking-initiation-through-to-pregnancy-of-indigenous-australian-women-a-qualitative-study
#18
Gillian S Gould, Michelle Bovill, Marilyn J Clarke, Maree Gruppetta, Yvonne Cadet-James, Billie Bonevski
OBJECTIVE: One in two Indigenous Australian pregnant women smoke, yet little is known about their trajectory of smoking. This study aimed to explore Aboriginal women's narratives from starting smoking through to pregnancy. METHODS: A female Aboriginal Researcher conducted individual face-to-face interviews with 20 Aboriginal women from New South Wales, Australia. Recruitment, through Aboriginal services and community networks, continued until saturation was reached...
May 19, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527907/behavioral-and-cognitive-impact-of-early-life-stress-insights-from-an-animal-model
#19
Hesong Liu, Fatin Atrooz, Ankita Salvi, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Children subjected to traumatic events during childhood are reported to exhibit behavioral and cognitive deficits later in life, often leading to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression. Interestingly, some children continue to remain normal despite being exposed to the same risk factors. These trauma-related behavioral and cognitive profiles across different stages of life are not well understood. Animal studies can offer useful insights. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of early life exposure to traumatic events on behavioral and cognitive profile in rats by tracking the behavior of each rat at different ages...
August 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433469/delayed-effect-of-early-life-corticosterone-treatment-on-adult-anti-predator-behavior-in-a-common-passerine
#20
Jacquelyn K Grace, Laure Martin-Gousset, Frédéric Angelier
Acute, short-term effects of early-life stress and associated glucocorticoid upregulation on behavior are widely documented across vertebrates. However, the persistence and severity of these effects are largely unknown, especially through the adult stage and in wild species. Here, we investigate long-term effects of experimental post-natal increases in a circulating glucocorticoid on antipredator behavior in wild house sparrows (Passer domesticus) tested in captivity. We manipulate circulating corticosterone concentration in wild, free-living nestlings, transfer fledglings to captivity, and test juveniles and adults for two measures of antipredator behavior: evasiveness during a direct human encounter, and propensity to escape from a risky environment...
April 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
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