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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822089/nurses-knowledge-and-opinions-on-hpv-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-from-istanbul
#1
Ayse Filiz Gokmen Karasu, Ilknur Adanir, Serdar Aydin, Gulsah Keskin Ilhan, Tugba Ofli
Implementing a HPV vaccination program is currently under evaluation by the Turkish health ministry. For screening and vaccination programs to be successful, the cooperation of nurses is essential. We aimed to evaluate (1) basic knowledge of nurses and nursing interns regarding HPV infection and cervical cancer, (2) their attitudes towards smear testing and HPV vaccination, and (3) their viewpoint on vaccination of school age children. This cross-sectional study was undertaken at Bezmialem Vakif University...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#3
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818837/parent-coping-support-interventions-during-acute-pediatric-hospitalizations-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Stephanie K Doupnik, Douglas Hill, Deepak Palakshappa, Diana Worsley, Hanah Bae, Aleesha Shaik, Maylene Kefeng Qiu, Meghan Marsac, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Parents may experience psychological distress when a child is acutely hospitalized, which can negatively affect child outcomes. Interventions designed to support parents' coping have the potential to mitigate this distress. OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions designed to provide coping support to parents of hospitalized children and conduct a meta-analysis of coping support intervention outcomes (parent anxiety, depression, and stress). DATA SOURCES: We searched Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO, Psychiatry Online, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from 1985 to 2016 for English-language articles including the concepts "pediatric," "hospitalization," "parents," and "coping support intervention...
August 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818574/antimicrobial-resistance-determinants-and-susceptibility-profiles-of-pneumococcal-isolates-recovered-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#5
Paulina A Hawkins, Patrick E Akpaka, Michele Nurse-Lucas, Rebecca Gladstone, Stephen D Bentley, Robert F Breiman, Lesley McGee, William H Swanston
INTRODUCTION: In Latin America and the Caribbean, pneumococcal infections were estimated to account for 12,000-18,000 deaths, 327,000 cases of pneumonia, 4,000 cases of meningitis and 1,229 cases of sepsis each year in children under five years old. Resistance of pneumococci to antimicrobial agents has evolved into a worldwide health problem in the last few decades. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of 98 pneumococcal isolates collected in Trinidad and Tobago and associated genetic determinants...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817499/nurse-practitioner-lead-pediatric-baclofen-pump-program-impact-on-safety-and-quality-of-care
#6
Kristin Buxton, Ann Morgan, Jayne Rogers
Children with cerebral palsy experience spasticity that can be debilitating and cause significant pain and contractures. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy can help relieve this spasticity and improve the quality of life for these patients, but it comes with risk. Withdrawal from the medication in case of abrupt discontinuation of delivery can be life-threatening. Regular maintenance of the system is mandatory. Having a program in place to manage the device and support patients helps to ensure their safety...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815762/examining-the-social-construction-of-surveillance-a-critical-issue-for-health-visitors-and-public-health-nurses-working-with-mothers-and-children
#7
Megan Aston, Sue Peckover
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: In this paper we will critically examine surveillance practices of health visitors (HV) in the UK and public health nurses (PHNs) in Canada. BACKGROUND: The practice and meaning of surveillance shifts and changes depending on the context and intent of relationships between mothers and HVs or PHNs. DESIGN: We present the context and practice of HVs in the UK and PHNs in Canada and provide a comprehensive literature review regarding surveillance of mothers within public health systems...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811181/beneficial-effects-of-postnatal-choline-supplementation-on-long-term-neurocognitive-deficit-resulting-from-fetal-neonatal-iron-deficiency
#8
Bruce C Kennedy, Phu V Tran, Maulika Kohli, Jamie J Maertens, Jonathan C Gewirtz, Michael K Georgieff
Early-life iron deficiency is a common nutrient condition worldwide and can result in cognitive impairment in adulthood despite iron treatment. In rodents, prenatal choline supplementation can diminish long-term hippocampal gene dysregulation and neurocognitive deficits caused by iron deficiency. Since fetal iron status is generally unknown in humans, we determined whether postnatal choline supplementation exerts similar beneficial effects. Male rat pups were made iron deficient (ID) by providing pregnant and nursing dams an ID diet (3-6ppm Fe) from gestational day (G) 3 through postnatal day (P) 7, and an iron-sufficient (IS) diet (200ppm Fe) thereafter...
August 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/palliative-care-albania
#9
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
Sixty-percent of cancer patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and those diagnosed in early stages face challenges to receive adequate treatment. Palliative care has had significant developments in recent years in Albania, due to a close partnership with the Ministry of Health, local non-profit organizations, and the Open Society Foundation Albania. In 2011, a five-year action plan for palliative care as one of four parts of the National Cancer Control Plan was approved. At the end of 2014, the first palliative care law was approved by Parliament...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806489/characteristics-of-spontaneous-births-attended-by-midwives-and-physicians-in-us-hospitals-in-2014
#10
Patrick Thornton
INTRODUCTION: This study compares characteristics and birth outcomes of women attended by certified nurse-midwives/certified midwives (midwives) and physicians in US hospitals in 2014. METHODS: Data reported in 2014 on the 2003 version of the US birth certificate were examined. Spontaneous vaginal births attributed to midwives and physicians and occurring in hospitals were included. Demographic and risk profiles and adjusted odds ratios for maternal and newborn outcomes were compared by provider type...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806469/climate-change-effects-on-respiratory-health-implications-for-nursing
#11
Maureen George, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Lea Ann Matura
PURPOSE: Greenhouse gases are driving climate change. This article explores the adverse health effects of climate change on a particularly vulnerable population: children and adults with respiratory conditions. APPROACH: This review provides a general overview of the effects of increasing temperatures, extreme weather, desertification, and flooding on asthma, chronic obstructive lung disease, and respiratory infections. We offer suggestions for future research to better understand climate change hazards, policies to support prevention and mitigation efforts targeting climate change, and clinical actions to reduce individual risk...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806234/delirium-in-the-critically-ill-child
#12
Sharon Norman, Asma A Taha, Helen N Turner
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this article are to describe the scientific literature on assessment, prevention, and management of delirium in critically ill children and to articulate the implications for clinical nurse specialists, in translating the evidence into practice. DESCRIPTION: A literature search was conducted in 4 databases-OvidMEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsychINFO, and Web of Science-using the terms "delirium," "child," and "critically ill" for the period of 2006 to 2016...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805113/hospitalized-adolescents-perception-of-dignity-a-qualitative-study
#13
Neda Jamalimoghadam, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Marzieh Momennasab, Abbas Ebadi, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Adolescents can be vulnerable to diminished dignity in the hospital because young people have significantly different healthcare needs than children and adults. They like to cooperate with caregivers only when they get respectful and dignified care. Care without considering dignity can adversely influence the adolescents' recovery. However, many studies have been conducted on exploring the concept of the patients' dignity from the adult patients and fewer studies still have explored the dignity of young people...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801303/health-care-providers-knowledge-of-hpv-vaccination-barriers-and-strategies-in-a-state-with-low-hpv-vaccine-receipt-mixed-methods-study
#14
Echo L Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa Pappas, Julia Bodson, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Anne C Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is below national goals in the United States. Health care providers are at the forefront of improving vaccination in the United States, given their close interactions with patients and parents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the associations between demographic and practice characteristics of the health care providers with the knowledge of HPV vaccination and HPV vaccine guidelines. Furthermore, our aim was to contextualize the providers' perceptions of barriers to HPV vaccination and strategies for improving vaccination in a state with low HPV vaccine receipt...
August 11, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800841/translational-research-the-multidimensional-challenges-of-pediatric-nursing-and-the-linkage-with-improved-health-outcomes-for-children-and-families
#15
REVIEW
Becky J Christian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#16
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799984/lidocaine-spray-as-a-local-analgesic-for-intravenous-cannulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Joris Datema, Jeroen Veldhuis, Jolita Bekhof
OBJECTIVES: Lidocaine spray is an effective analgesic of mucous membranes. Lidocaine spray is also used during intravenous (i.v.) cannulation, especially in children. However, the analgesic effect of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation has not been studied. We aimed to assess the analgesic effectiveness of lidocaine spray during i.v. cannulation. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in seventeen healthy adults who received an i...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#18
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797851/palliative-care-development-in-georgia
#19
Nina Kiknadze, Pati Dzotsenidze
Georgia has established the foundational measures for a national palliative care program-policy, education, drug availability, and implementation. Amendments to legislation needed to develop palliative care have been approved. Palliative care has been recognized as a subspecialty in oncology, critical care, internal medicine and surgery. The National Plan for Palliative Care for 2011-2016 was approved. Opioids, especially oral morphine, are available on a limited basis for patients at home but oral morphine is not available for patients in the hospital...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797217/maternal-perspectives-of-well-siblings-adjustment-to-family-life-with-a-technology-dependent-child
#20
Valerie Boebel Toly, Julia E Blanchette, Shannon Sikorski, Carol M Musil, Arwa Al-Hamed
Technology-dependent (TD) children require complex care and are dependent on medical technology. Approximately 75% of families, in the United States, who are caring for a TD child, also care for a well child. Well siblings are likely to be affected by the experience of living with a TD sibling as the process of family normalization is described as a family affair. The experiences of well siblings are not well described. The purpose of this qualitative analysis was to describe the experiences of well siblings who are living in a family with a TD child...
August 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
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