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Nursing children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543936/counselling-parents-on-young-children-s-healthy-diet-a-modified-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Sølvi Helseth, Jenny Owe, Kari Glavin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To map and describe key information in existing research about counselling of parents of children aged 0-2 years on the child's healthy diet in preventive health care settings, particularly in public health nursing. BACKGROUND: Many parents are likely to be concerned with their infant's food-related happiness "here and now", disregarding the child's long-term health and development related to feeding practices. Hence, a focus on counselling parents in considering young children's healthy diet is important...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543931/severe-asthma-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Most children with asthma have their disease easily controlled if low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are regularly and correctly administered. If a child presents with asthma which is apparently resistant to therapy with high-dose ICS and other controllers, then they have problematic severe asthma. However, in light of the UK National Review of Asthma Deaths, definitions of severe asthma based solely on the levels of prescribed treatment are too narrow. A detailed assessment of all such children should be performed...
May 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541978/new-warnings-about-protecting-children-from-dangerous-substances
#3
Serena Stockwell
Nurses can lead the way with education and advocacy.
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541869/teaming-up-for-asthma-control-epr-3-compliant-school-program-in-missouri-is-effective-and-cost-efficient
#4
Benjamin Francisco, Tammy Rood, Rebekah Nevel, Paul Foreman, Sherri Homan
INTRODUCTION: Teaming Up for Asthma Control (TUAC) is a work force development intervention to improve asthma control among children by increasing the competency of school nurses and delivering guideline-based education. We hypothesized that the knowledge and skills of participating school nurses would improve and that this change would positively affect students' asthma health and reduce health care utilization cost. METHODS: Asthma education for school nurses was provided online in a pretest/posttest format or in instructor-led groups...
May 25, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541103/finding-the-jewels-in-adversity-reflections-on-a-secondment
#5
Laura Lennard
Laura Lennard, on secondment as Children's Diabetes Nurse, Hemel Hempstead Hospital, West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust, shares what she has learned from the sometimes painful experience of stepping out of her comfort zone and learning the ropes in a new role.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540416/breastfeeding-initiation-duration-and-reasons-for-weaning-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Magdalena Acevedo, Julia Pretini, Marina Micelli, Gabriel Sequeira, Eduardo Kerzberg
To assess breastfeeding in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a cross-sectional study of patients with SLE compared to a non-SLE sample was performed. Patients who had pregnancies subsequent to their diagnosis of SLE and who were followed up in the hospital were interviewed. The group of non-SLE mothers consisted of patients who had no known rheumatic disease at the time of their pregnancy, and who were approached at the hospital paediatrics service waiting room. Thirty-six pregnancies in 31 patients with SLE and the same number of non-SLE mothers were studied...
May 24, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539204/nurses-perceptions-of-caring-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-medical-complexity-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#7
Gabrielle Denis-Larocque, Karl Williams, Isabelle St-Sauveur, Margaret Ruddy, Janet Rennick
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' perceptions of caring for parents of children with medical complexity [CMC] in the pediatric intensive care unit [PICU]. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: An interpretive descriptive design was used to explore nurses' perceptions of caring for parents of CMC in the PICU. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten nurses. Interview data were collected and analyzed using qualitative inductive content analysis. FINDINGS: Nurses revealed that their experiences of caring for parents of CMC evolved over time as they learned to tailor a caregiving partnership based on trust...
May 20, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539007/videolaryngoscopy-versus-direct-laryngoscopy-for-tracheal-intubation-in-children-excluding-neonates
#8
REVIEW
Ibtihal S Abdelgadir, Robert S Phillips, Davinder Singh, Michael P Moncreiff, Joanne L Lumsden
BACKGROUND: Direct laryngoscopy is the method currently used for tracheal intubation in children. It occasionally offers unexpectedly poor laryngeal views. Indirect laryngoscopy involves visualizing the vocal cords by means other than obtaining a direct sight, with the potential to improve outcomes. We reviewed the current available literature and performed a meta-analysis to compare direct versus indirect laryngoscopy, or videolaryngoscopy, with regards to efficacy and adverse effects...
May 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538769/participatory-methodologies-in-research-with-children-creative-and-innovative-approaches
#9
Viviane Ribeiro Pereira, Valéria Cristina Christello Coimbra, Clarissa de Souza Cardoso, Naiana Alves Oliveira, Ana Cláudia Garcia Vieira, Márcia de Oliveira Nobre, Magda Eliete Lamas Nino
Objective: To describe the use of participatory methodologies in research with children. Methods: Experience report with a qualitative approach, conducted with children between six and eleven years of age, from a municipal school in Pelotas and in the Psychosocial Children and Youth Care Center, in São Lourenço do Sul, both municipalities of the Rio Grande do Sul State. Data collection was based on records made in field and observation diaries, held from April to July 2016...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538532/identification-and-management-of-obese-patients-in-a-pediatric-orthopaedic-clinic
#10
Natalia Davila, Joy Vess, Emily E Johnson
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a complex healthcare problem that affects all aspects of a child's health. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Expert Committee recommends that all children be evaluated for current medical conditions including the risk for obesity by identifying elevated body mass index (BMI), physical activity habits, and diet. Childhood obesity is defined as a BMI of 95th percentile or greater on standardized age-based growth charts. Abdominal and visceral fat mass has a negative effect on bone formation during childhood and adolescence...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537168/cancer-in-children-and-young-people
#11
(no author information available yet)
This 30-minute online course aims to support nurse practitioners and allied healthcare professionals to identify symptoms and signs that could indicate a malignancy in a child or young person.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535828/gaps-in-international-nutrition-and-child-feeding-guidelines-a-look-at-the-nutrition-and-young-child-feeding-education-of-ghanaian-nurses
#12
Jennie N Davis, Helen Brown, Samantha A Ramsay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutrition and young child feeding (YCF) education and training of nurses in public health clinics of Ghana's Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem region (KEEA) in relation to global health guidelines, and how nurses served as educators for caregivers with children aged 0-5 years. DESIGN: A qualitative study of semi-structured one-on-one and group interviews (n 21) following a questionnaire of closed- and open-ended questions addressing child feeding, nutrition and global health recommendations...
May 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532715/caretakers-barriers-to-pediatric-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-vietnam-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#13
C T Tran, T H Pham, K T Tran, T K C Nguyen, M Larsson
BACKGROUND: Poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence leads to drug resistance and treatment failures. The options for second and third line ART regimens, particularly for pediatric patients, are very limited in low and middle-income countries. HIV-infected children are mostly passive drug-takers, thus caretakers play a very important role in assuring ART adherence. Pediatric ART adherence is still a challenging problem in Vietnam since non-adherence is the major risk factor for treatment failure...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532515/what-do-we-know-about-assessing-healthcare-students-and-professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say, Christina Pallitto
INTRODUCTION: Improving healthcare providers' capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, training programs are lacking and often not evaluated. Validated and standardized tools to assess providers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding FGM are lacking. Therefore, little evidence exists on the impact of training efforts on healthcare providers' KAP on FGM...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531782/the-financial-burden-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-under-five-years-of-age
#15
Kulnipa Kittisakmontri, Onwaree Sukhosa
BACKGROUND: Under-five children are a medically fragile group which is compromised by hospitalization. Malnutrition in those patients not only increases complications and mortality but also affects hospital resource utilization. Therefore, this study was conducted to clarify the impact of malnutrition on hospital expenditures. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was performed at a tertiary hospital in Thailand. Under-five children who were admitted to general pediatric wards were included...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528598/the-emergence-of-personal-growth-amongst-healthcare-professionals-who-care-for-dying-children
#16
Laura Beaune, Barbara Muskat, Samantha J Anthony
OBJECTIVE: Compassion fatigue, burnout, and vicarious traumatization are prominent topics in the current literature on the impact of the rewarding but challenging work of healthcare professionals who care for patients with life-limiting illnesses. The positive effects of caregiving constitute a newly emerging outcome that has been relatively unexplored in the pediatric literature, and yet they may play an important role in contributing to the satisfaction and well-being of the healthcare professionals who care for children who have a life-limiting illness...
May 22, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527643/parental-knowledge-and-recall-of-concussion-discharge-instructions
#17
Danny George Thomas, Lia Bradley, Ashley Servi, Suzanne Reilly, Jennifer Niskala Apps, Michael McCrea, Thomas Hammeke
INTRODUCTION: Children increasingly are being seen in the emergency department for a concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A key aim of the ED visit is to provide discharge advice that can help parents to identify an evolving neurosurgical crisis, facilitate recovery, and prevent reinjury. The present study examined parents' knowledge of symptoms and recall of discharge instructions after their adolescent's mTBI and the effect of supplementing written discharge instructions with verbal instruction and reinforcement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525627/geographic-patterns-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-of-nurses-health-study-ii-women
#18
Kate Hoffman, Marc G Weisskopf, Andrea L Roberts, Raanan Raz, Jaime E Hart, Kristen Lyall, Elin M Hoffman, Francine Laden, Verónica M Vieira
Data indicate that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) prevalence may be increasing and varies geographically. We investigated associations between residential location and ASD in the children of Nurses' Health Study II women in order to generate hypotheses about social and environmental factors related to etiology or diagnosis. Analyses included 13,507 children born from 1989-1999 (486 with ASD). We explored relationships between ASD and residential location at both birth and age 6 years (i.e. closer to average diagnosis age)...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525623/the-survey-of-tinea-capitis-and-scalp-dermatophyte-carriage-in-nursing-home-residents
#19
Chien-Yio Lin, Hsiu-Jung Lo, Ming-Gene Tu, Yu-Ming Ju, Yun-Chen Fan, Chih-Chao Lin, Ya-Ting Chiang, Yun-Liang Yang, Kai-Ting Chen, Pei-Lun Sun
Tinea capitis is a contagious dermatophyte infection of scalp and associated hairs. On the other hand, asymptomatic carriage is a status of positive dermatophyte scalp culture, but without signs or symptoms of tinea capitis, and no evidence of hair shaft invasion confirmed by direct microscopy. Tinea capitis and asymptomatic carriage mostly occur in children, but adult females are becoming another population in recent decades. In this study, we focused on the prevalence and related fungi of tinea capitis and asymptomatic carriage in elderly by the shampoo brush method, as well as the source of transmission, in 10 nursing home residents...
May 18, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521109/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-prevention-in-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
C O'Neill, H V Worthington, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, M Tickle
A 2-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial measured the cost-effectiveness of caries prevention in caries-free children aged 2 to 3 y attending general practice. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland. Participants were centrally randomized into intervention (22,600 ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, a 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized prevention advice) and control (advice only), both provided at 6-monthly intervals during a 3-y follow-up. The primary outcome measure was conversion from caries-free to caries-active states assessed by calibrated and blinded examiners; secondary outcome measures included decayed, missing, or filled teeth surfaces (dmfs); pain; and extraction...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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